The tulip tree (otherwise it is called the liriodendron, the tulip tree magnolia or the tulip liriodendron) is not in vain for gardeners and flower growers. And not for nothing that it appears more often in the best modern gardens and alleys.
This is a kind of unique and amazing plant that can decorate any garden.
Its special properties include the fact that this plant can grow in virtually any conditions, even overcoming the temperature during the winter period of time to minus 30 degrees.
It is also a long-lived plant.which can overcome the threshold of five hundred years. In one year, the liriodendron can grow one meter and even slightly higher. During the flowering period, flowers of amazing, fantastic beauty begin to appear on it. They are interesting shapes, as if drawn or cut out of thin paper. Its flowers are large, the size can reach about seven centimeters. They look amazing on a long green and thin stem, adjoining the branches along its entire length.
Places of growth
Since the tulip tree is very resistant to various adverse climatic conditions, it can grow over large areas. However, its natural and native habitat is located in areas with a temperate climate. The growing area of the tree is very extensive: plantations of tulip tree are found in stripes, ranging from the Norwegian coast from the northern part to the southern latitudes of the countries of Chile, South Africa, Peru, and so on.
MotherlandLiriodendron– North America, however, a noticeable resistance to temperature fluctuations suggests that tulip tulip has a African origin. Tulip magnolia perfectly adapts in almost any climatic zones. Well survives literally in any soil, does not in any way conflict with plants growing nearby.
Liriodendron, received its rather metaphorical name due to the shape of the leaves, which look like a lyre, is a deciduous plant. It should be noted that it has a high growth rate and is rapidly growing in size. Therefore, its average height is about thirty meters. In some cases, trees, especially those growing in woodlands, can reach heights of the order of fifty meters.
In the period of "youth" the crown of a tulip tree has a pyramidal appearance, and in the process of growing up it acquires either a round or oval shape. On average, the volume of its trunk reaches one and a half or two meters. In the early years of growth, the bark of the lyriodendron is characterized as light green and smooth, and in already mature trees it becomes with irregularities and rhomboid cracks.
Branches of tulip magnolia have a brown or dark brown color with shine, similar to waxing. In places of breakage from them, a tart, sometimes cloying odor results.
The leaves of the tulip tree are quite wide, veined. Can reach a length of nine to twenty two centimeters. The color is usually green, but it can be light green. FOR their color is characterized by a change depending on the time of year: in autumn, they acquire a bright yellow, almost golden hue. Leaves in shape resemble tulip flowers, consist of 4 lobes.
Flowers that also look like tulip buds have a length of about six centimeters. May have different colors:
The latter color may have orange streaks.
Tree flowers exude a distinctive, watery, cucumberlike aroma. They are distinguished by the abundance of nectar, which attracts a large number of insects. The tree is also fruitful, the fruits ripening on it are rich in seeds. Upon completion of ripening, they fall, and the seeds are scattered on the ground for new trees.
The tulip tree looks very majestic, its trunk rushes high up, and its crown allows you to scatter a dense and spreading shadow around you. Looking at the mighty branches of the lyriodendron, which are distinguished by a spectacular paraffin gleam, a rare person does not admire his natural beauty. When the spring is over, the plant begins to bloom, exposing the carved and delicate flowers of spectacular bright colors.
Separately noteworthy broad leavesreaching about twenty centimeters in length, fancifully riddled with veins and changing its color during the onset of autumn. At the end of the summer, the parks where tulip trees grow are filled with gold and yellow.
How to plant a liriodendron
Tulip tree planted in open ground in two ways:
- independently collected seeds,
When disembarking or transplanting Tulip magnolia in a new place of "residence", it takes root without any difficulties, but nevertheless this process may take some time. After all, it is necessary that certain conditions are met. In particular, this plant requires favorable soil for it.
One significant advantage is the ability to easily endure severe temperature fluctuations and can save its viability and flowering splendor even when the temperature drops below 30 degrees. This ability makes it possible to grow Liriodendron in the middle lane, in particular, in the Moscow region.
Since this tree is very freedom-loving, he should not be planted in small gardens. It is advisable to plant this plant in spacious areas so that the tulip magnolia fully grows and develops. It is necessary that the soil for the growth of tulip tree was well drained and fertile, and the fertile layer should be as deep as possible, since the root system of this plant has a pivotal appearance.
In the USA, entire fields of liriodendron are often planted to produce strong and light wood, which is easily processed on an industrial scale. In some states, this plant is a symbol. In this regard, the tulip tree there receives a lot of attention.
Care and reproduction
Most often used seed reproductionthat are in the fruit. When the fruit ripens, it opens and falls, throwing out the lionfish. Lionfish is the place where the tetrahedral seed is located. That it gives the opportunity to sprout new shoots, settle down in the soil.
Tulip tree prefers abundant moisture, so it needs to be watered more often. But too zealous, too, is not worth it, because an excess of water can trigger the beginning of the process of decay of the root system, which leads to the death of the plant. The number and volume of watering should be in accordance with the age of the tree: the older it is, the more abundant and more often watering should be. But if the season is not dry, then you should not exceed the standard irrigation, sometimes you can do with the natural soil moisture through precipitation.
How and when does the liriodendron bloom
Liriodendron considered one of the most plentifully and brightly flowering trees. As a rule, it blooms at the end of May or the beginning of June, and then on the branches there appear fantastic beauty of flowers that cover the branches with large, open buds. They are very similar to tulip buds. After disclosure of the petals, a bright orange peduncle appears, which protrudes from the middle of the receptacle.
With a period of flowering in the field of tulip tree growth, a breathtaking fresh fragrance appears, spreading throughout the district. During this period, the plant pleases the eye with yellow, orange, green and white flowers. It should be noted that the flowering of trees begins only ten or eleven years after planting. Yes, it is necessary to wait, but this is what makes the appearance of the first flowers especially welcome and valuable.
Variety of types and shapes
In Russia, only the Belotsvetkovaya magnolia is found in the wild. You can meet her in the Kuril Islands. In the subtropical regions for landscaping resort towns, large-magnolia trees are bred. The following varieties are especially popular:
- Exon (pyramidal crown with oval foliage),
- Praverti (magnolia subtype with pyramidal crown),
- Galisson (can tolerate slight frosts),
- Krugolistnaya (small in comparison with other types of flowers, dark green color of leaves),
- Lanceolate, narrow-leaved (two varieties similar in appearance),
- The famous (different large size flowers, wide shiny leaves).
There are also hybrid varieties obtained by crossing two species. Hybrid Sulanzha most famous and common. These are low deciduous trees with flowers of the most different color. From this hybrid, the breeders have deduced many forms: Red, Alexandrina, Nemettsa and others.
In the countries of southern Europe love magnolia Nude. The plant is distinguished by pure white flowers and a crown not exceeding 9 m in height. Good decoration and unpretentiousness are different: Magnolia Black and Magnolia Elegant.
Magnolia varieties for the northern regions
The Kobus variety and its more frost-resistant form f are well adapted to the snow winters f. borealis. Cultivation of the latter, perhaps even in the Leningrad region. Culture has a beautiful pyramidal crown. Flowers are large, creamy white with a delicate pleasant aroma. The northern form of the variety and Kobus himself tolerate air pollution.
Attention! Grown from seed Kobus bloom only after 30 years.
The star-shaped magnolia is also referred to winter-hardy varieties. These are compact shrub forms up to 5 m or trees up to 2.5 m high. The name of the variety is derived from the shape of its petals. Magnolia Star begins flowering in March, before foliage blooms. One of the earliest varieties. There are two of its most common forms:
Low branched shrubs with abundant flowering.
Magnolia Cucumber (Pointed) has a high frost resistance. Often used as a stock for heat-loving varieties. The trees are large, up to 30 m.
Another frost-resistant hybrid is the Magnolia Lebner. Gardeners celebrate amazing aroma of flowers, beautiful crown, unpretentious content. White flowers with a light pink color, bloom in April.
Varieties more sensitive to cold: Magnolia Ash and Siebold, Wilson. Young plants require shelter for the winter.
An interesting feature of magnolia seeds is the inability to store in a dry form. If you buy material for planting, it must be ripe berries. Sometimes, seeds are sold in wet agro-perlite / vermiculite. Check for mold, unpleasant smell. One poor quality seed quickly infects the rest.
Ripe fruits are collected in the fall. Seeds are not stored, and preparing for planting, sow in containers with a universal substrate.
Magnolia seed covered in hard shell. To improve germination, the material is scarified. It is also necessary to remove the top oily layer by washing in a soapy solution. Seeds are laid to a depth of 3 cm and put the container in a cool place. Begin to water in late January.
Tip! Depth of containers for planting - at least 30 cm.
In March, the boxes are transferred to the window sills in the room. Water moderately, monitor the condition of the soil. After the end of frosts, the “youngsters” are taken out into the street. Until the autumn, magnolias grow to 40 cm. The first wintering of plants is arranged in a cool basement, covering the roots with peat. You can leave magnolias on the glazed loggia, balcony. The pot itself is insulated. Some gardeners prefer a deep frame greenhouse with extra cover. In the open ground magnolia from seed, planted in the third year. The first bloom comes in 7-9 year. Some varieties are much later.
Planting and maintenance
Magnolia prefers a light, moist soil. The soil for young seedlings is prepared as follows:
Proportion 1: 2: 1. The landing hole is dug much larger than the root system. Land gently sprinkled on top, evenly distributing. It is not necessary to compact the layers with force, it will harm the plant. Since magnolia has many surface roots, it is necessary to loosen the ground very carefully. Especially near the trunk itself.
In the dry summer magnolia must be watered. It is desirable to take water soft. One plant is enough two buckets of water every 2-3 days. Stagnation of moisture and swamp should not be arranged. Two years after planting, the first feeding of the min.complex is carried out. Calculation for 10 liters of water:
- carbamide - 15 g,
- ammonium nitrate - 20 g,
- mullein infusion - 1 kg.
On one small tree need 30 liters of solution.
For sanitary purposes, pruning of dried branches and branches directed into the crown are made. It improves the appearance and growth of young shoots.
The first 2-3 years planted magnolias harbor for the winter. To do this, use the straw, spruce spruce. Peat sprinkled with sand on the roots. Shelter trunk do several tiers, zamatyvaya to the second branches. Low tree can be covered completely with agrofabric.
Magnolia is resistant to various pests. It does not require additional protection from insects.
Magnolia in medicine and legends
In addition to its decorative, magnolia has some useful properties. In folk medicine, all terrestrial parts of the plant are used. Herbal medicine with magnolia normalizes blood pressure. Essential oil has a vasodilating effect, treats colds. Proven and cardiotonic properties. At the same time magnolia is poisonous, it is necessary to prepare and use infusions carefully, observing proportions. Magnolia is used in perfumery to create fragrant compositions.
Magnolia is a fossil plant. Its remains were found in layers whose age is about 95 million years. Relict culture has many legends and myths. Feng Shui is a magnolia symbol of dignity and wealth. The ancient Celts, magnolia - one of the signs of the flower horoscope. Magnolia people love beauty, are stubborn in their achievements, ambitious. For the Chinese, magnolia is the personification of feminine beauty and purity. According to legend, the first magnolia grew from the bodies of beautiful Chinese captives.
Magnolia - a plant of amazing beauty and history. Thanks to the work of breeders, growing a flower tree has become possible in almost any latitude. Do not be afraid to plant a magnolia in your backyard plots, this “pearl” will thank you with abundant spring flowering.
Trees and shrubs - Tulip tree is a magnolia or not
Tulip tree is a magnolia or not - Trees and shrubs
Sometimes in botany there is confusion with certain plants due to similar almost identical names. Tulip tree is no exception. One of the plants with the same name grows in Africa and belongs to the family of Begonium and does not have a related relationship to the magnolia. Another tulip tree is a magnolia with flowers similar to tulips, it also has the names lyran, tulip liriodendron or a tulip tree present.
Tulip tree, plant description
The Magnolia family is rich in species that have high decorative properties. Lyran or tulip tree present confirms this. The plant got its name because of large, similar in shape to the lyre, leaves. In the wild, the plant has two kinds. One species, a tulip tree, is common on the eastern side of the United States, and the other, a Chinese liriodendron, grows in China.
Its use in landscape design is still limited. It should be noted that if two types of lyriodendron grow side by side, then their mutual pollination and the production of hybrid forms is possible. Tulip lyriodendron in its wild form is a fast-growing deciduous tree. Its height is 35 - 50 m.
The tree is valued in landscape design for high decorative qualities. Trunk straight, tall. It is covered with light gray bark. In young trees, the bark is smooth, only with age it acquires deep grooves. It should be noted that the tulip tree is a real survivor, there are trees almost 500 years old.
In the first years of life, the crown of a tree is strictly pyramidal, with age it takes the form of a wide pyramidal tent or rounded - prostrate. The size of the leaf plates is more than 15 cm, their shape is lyre-shaped, the color is bluish-green, in autumn the leaves turn bright yellow. The leaves of young trees are more cut up and larger in size.
The flowers of the plant are large, fragrant, with a sweet aroma. They are similar in shape to white-green tulips with curved petals and a yellow spot in the center. In culture, the tree is grown from the end of the XVII century. Recommended for cultivation in regions with short-term winter frosts up to - 29 -30 degrees. Despite the fact that it is most often used in gardening of the city of Sochi, it is quite successfully grown on the latitude of Oslo, in St. Petersburg.
How to grow a tulip tree in the home
The most convenient way to grow a tulip tree on a plot is to purchase a sapling and plant it. However, this possibility is not always. It is much easier to purchase seeds and sow them yourself. Important! Семена этого растения очень быстро теряют всхожесть и обычно реализуются осенью, сразу после сбора.
Купленные или собранные семена не хранят, их сразу нужно подготовить к посадке. Семена для этого помещают в подходящую посуду и заливают теплой водой на сутки. После этого их перекладывают в мыльный раствор и промывают. После чего ополаскивают чистой теплой водой и слегка подсушивают. Dried seeds can be slightly crushed with your fingers.
Such techniques allows you to wash away a layer of essential oils and accelerate the germination of seeds. Immediately after the preparatory measures, the seeds need to be embedded in the soil to a depth of about 20 mm. For this, a suitable container is filled with a universal soil mixture, a hole is made at the required depth, a seed is placed in it and the container is placed in a cool place.
Important! The optimal depth of the pot or container should be at least 30 cm, because in this pot the plant will have to spend two years. From late January, sown seeds need to be watered. In March, containers are transferred to a well-lit window sill. As soon as outside freezing threatens, pots with seedlings are carried out to the open air.
Blossoming Magnolia Video:
During the first summer the tulip tree grows by 30 - 40 cm. If the seedlings did not appear before mid-summer, then you need to be patient and continue to water the pots. Perhaps next year, the efforts of patient gardeners will be crowned with success.
For the winter, boxes with young tulip trees should be put in a cool cellar, overlaid with peat. At the permanent place the trees are planted only in the third year. By this time, the ground part can reach sizes of about 1 meter or even more.
How to plant a tulip tree in the ground
Before planting in the ground, it must be remembered that the tree is quite tall and its crown has a decent projection with age. This plant is not for small gardens where all the vegetation should fit on 4-5 acres. You should not plant the plant close to home or footpaths. The place should be well lit by the sun with the possibility of shading from direct rays.
The soil can be loamy or sandy with a good fertile layer. The landing pit should correspond to the root system. At the bottom of the pit pour a mixture of sod land and rotted compost.
It is necessary to transplant a sapling carefully, as at a young tulip tree fragile roots. Covering roots with soil should not be too tight. After planting, the tree is watered and the irrigation site is mulched. In the first two years, care is reduced to watering, and this should be done every three days in the absence of rain. For one watering need 2-3 buckets of water.
The first dressing is also carried out two years after planting. To do this, in 10 liters of water, add 1 liter of mullein infusion, a tablespoon of carbamide and ammonium nitrate. Top dressing to carry out after watering. It should be noted the high resistance of plants to diseases and pests. To save the plant in the winter, the first three years for the winter he needs a dry shelter with spruce and other materials.
If the tree is high, then the shelter must reach at least the second level of branches. Pristvolny circle is covered with a layer of sand and peat. If everything is done correctly, then in the early years the first flowers will delight the tree with elegant leaves for 7-10 years.
Liriodendron is a large deciduous plant with a core root system. Adults reach a height of more than 50 m. The width of the crown sometimes exceeds 1.5 m.
The trunks are massive, straight, without branches, have a greenish-gray smooth bark. With age, it is covered with frequent shallow grooves. Side shoots are located at an acute angle, far from the trunk. Young branches brownish smooth, covered with a thin wax coating. The trees from the first years of life have a neat pyramidal crown. With age, it expands, becomes sprawling.
Leaves large, four-lobed, with notched tip. Their size reaches 20 cm in length and 14 cm in width. The surface is smooth, with thin feathery veins. On the branches, they are arranged alternately, hang on 7-centimeter cuttings. The leaves are light green, sometimes with bright yellow stripes.
The flowers of the lyriodendron are single, of the correct cupped shape, 6–8 cm in size. They resemble the buds of tulips. The petals of the corolla are slightly elongated, with smooth edges, the lower ones are bent downwards, the upper ones are raised. The color of the flowers is pale yellow, in some species cream. At the base of the petals are greenish, in the middle part have a bright orange edging. Stamens numerous, elongated, yellow.
The leaves and flowers of the tulip tree make a light, similar to cucumber, sweetish flavor.
Brown cone-shaped fruits, about 5 cm in diameter, are formed at the site of withering flowers, have a broad base and numerous seedlings with numerous seeds. After ripening, they break away and are carried by the wind, sometimes remain on the branches until the next spring.
In a natural environment, a tulip tree prefers to grow on drained, breathable soils, sufficiently nutritious, with a high content of humus. The lifespan of a lyran reaches 450–500 years..
The high decorative qualities of the tulip tree served as a reason for its introduction to Europe. Initially planted only in the subtropics, then began to grow in temperate latitudes. Most specimens tolerate frosts of up to -35 ° C, mature trees are quite drought-resistant.
Growing at home
You can not be afraid to cultivate the North American tulip tree in the open field. With proper care, it takes root perfectly. Also, this plant is suitable for growing as a room culture bonsai.
In a year, the liriodendrons are pulled out by 80–100 cm.. In adults, the massive, wide, dense crown, therefore, to place the tulip tree is necessary away from buildings and fences. It is suitable only for owners of large areas. In small gardens this plant will be very crowded, the wide crown will eventually dampen other cultures. It is better to grow lirane in the sun or in partial shade.
The soil should be fertile and loose. It is necessary to deposit black soil in depleted soil, dilute too heavy clay soil with peat and sand. The acidity of the soil does not matter, but the lyriodendrons do not tolerate large amounts of lime in the ground.
Planting is done in the spring, before the buds bloom.. This should be done in the ground, heated to 12 ° C. The hole must be dug in a few days. Its volume should be 2 times the diameter of the earthen seedling. If you plan to land several specimens, the wells are dug at a distance of 5 m from each other. At the bottom of the pits lay out a layer of drainage from small stones, a mixture of soil and complex mineral dressing is poured over it.
The seedling root is removed from the container along with the earthy ball. It is recommended to moisten it beforehand. When placing the plant in the soil, the root neck should be flush with the surface. The earth is gently compacted and watered. 1 tree should be about 15 liters of water. The tree trunk is mulched with peat, last year's grass or leaves with a layer of at least 8 cm. This will provide good protection from drying out and cracking of the soil.
Seed this plant is rarely grown. Sprouts sometimes appear after 2 years. Given the rapid loss of germination, they can not wait at all. Stratified seeds are placed in containers with a soil mixture of garden soil, sand and peat to a depth of 1 cm. It is necessary to moisten the soil and weed for several months. In the summer it is advisable to take out the seating boxes to fresh air. When the seedlings that have appeared reach 30 cm, they are moved to the open ground.
It is important to remember that a tulip tree does not tolerate transplants, since under mechanical stress, its roots break easily.
Tulip tree is hardy, unpretentious to growing conditions. The main requirements for care are regular moistening and fertilization. This will have to be especially carefully monitored in the first 3–4 years after planting plants in open ground. In hot, dry summers, they must be watered every other day, adding 10–15 liters to the soil for each trunk. Krona is useful to irrigate from the watering can or pump. Water must be prepared in advance, allowing it to stand and warm to 20 ° C.
In the first year, the seedlings have enough food that is in the ground.. Then you need to begin to make feeding. It is recommended to do it twice per season. After the snow melt add nitrogen compounds, in the period of flower bookmarks - phosphorus-potassium.
With a lack of moisture and nutrition, the foliage becomes sluggish, pale, streaked or dried. Greens suffer from too hot sun. For shading, you can use wide sheets of plywood.
In winter, young lyranes must be sheltered. To do this, a layer of mulch around them is renewed and thickened up to 10 cm. The branches gently bend down to the trunk, cover with burlap or other breathable material and tie with twine. Protect the young seedlings will have during the spring frosts.
Lyriodendrons begin to bloom in early May. In cold years, buds bloom later: in the middle or end of the month. The flowers are located on the tops of the shoots. Corollas almost always look up, which gives them a resemblance to tulips. There are relatively few buds on the tree: one per branch. Flowering continues until mid-June.
With enough moisture and nutrients in the soil, buds are laid 6–7 years after planting seedlings in open ground. In the first years of their being formed a little, they may not fully reveal. With age, flowering becomes more abundant. If the buds do not appear over the years or there are very few of them, the growing conditions should be improved. In the spring, you can water the wood with a solution of mullein, increase the proportion of phosphate and potassium fertilizers.
Although the buds are quite large, capable of reaching 8–10 cm, in temperate climates, the rims can be smaller.
The sweet, pleasant aroma that appears during flowering attracts bees and other insects. At home, the tulip tree is a great honey plant.
In Europe, tulip tulip is a decorative plant. Thick crown with spectacular buds, good frost resistance, fast growth and the absence of aggressiveness towards native species are greatly valued by landscapers. Trees are planted in parks, squares, whole alleys. The foliage of adult specimens creates a thick shadow, protects from the summer sun, and helps purify the surrounding air.
In the gardens and backyards, the liran is an exotic element of landscape design.
In North America, the tulip tree is most appreciated for its technical qualities. It is sometimes called yellow poplar, emphasizing the similarity of the wood of these unrelated species. Light soft array of logs leran well-processed. It can be cut, peeled, glued and impregnated. Wood is used in the paper industry, as a raw material for the manufacture of veneer, plywood, chipboard. From it make the body of musical instruments, various turning products, temporary packaging. Forest stands are quickly renewed, so there is no shortage of sawn timber.
General characteristics of the tree
Tulip tree - relict plant, representing the family of magnolia. It is quite easy to take root during transplantation, does not show aggression to the plants growing nearby, but because of its impressive size it is not suitable for small gardens. Growing tulip tree is able to reach from 12 to 60 m in height, increasing annually by 1 m and expanding in width by 20 cm, in adult trees, the girth of the trunk can reach 1-2 m.
It can be used for single and group plantings in yards, parks and gardens with a large area.
Young trees are dominated by a pyramidal type of crown, but over time it grows, becoming rhomboid or oval. The branches are painted in dark shades and as if slightly covered with a waxy bloom, when cracking they emit a sweet-luscious aroma. It has a rod-like root system, with fleshy, but rather fragile roots.
Magnolia bloom period depending on the region of cultivation, and comes from April to June. During this period, most often the leafless branches of the tree are abundantly covered with large carved colorful flowers of pink, orange, white and other colors.
Attention! Tulip tree blooms only 10 years after planting.
The foliage of a tulip tree looks no less magnificent - wide and long - up to 20 cm, beautifully changing its color depending on the season from green to golden hue.
The total lifespan of a tulip tree is about 500 years. It belongs to valuable species of trees, being a source of white wood and an excellent honey plant.
Growing Magnolia Seed
The reproduction of tulip tree is carried out in several ways - seed, as well as with the help of cuttings, cuttings, grafts. A special feature of tulip tree seeds is its long germination capacity - about 1.5 years. The seeds themselves are small tetrahedral sunflower seeds with lionfish, collected in peculiar cones and formed from flower ovaries at the end of flowering. Doing these fruits-cones open, and then disintegrate throwing seeds with lionfish.
It is better to conduct sowing in winter - from October to December, using a deep box filled with universal soil mixture. Previously, the seeds can be cut off a little lionfish, and soak the seeds themselves for a couple of days, daily changing the water. Sowing in boxes is made to a depth of 1.5 cm. From above they should be covered with soil, and additionally covered for the winter with a layer of peat or foliage and placed in a sheltered, cool place, for example, not heated greenhouse or basement.
Attention! Throughout the entire period of waiting for germination, regular watering should be carried out, regardless of weather conditions and the lack of germination. In winter, watering can be eliminated if you arrange shelter with snow.
In early spring, boxes of seeds from the basement should be brought to light. The emergence of seedlings is possible 1.5 years after sowing - approximately in June. With proper care, by the end of summer, ascended seedlings can reach up to 0.5 m in height. Sometimes the first shoots can be obtained already after 6-7 months after sowing, but basically they should be waited after all 1.5 years later.
The next spring, seedlings can be planted from a common box in separate containers to provide them with a sufficient supply area. Grow and develop fairly quickly and after 3 years are able to grow up to 1.5 m in height.
Tulip trees prefer fertile grounds:
- with sufficient moisture and good drainage, as well as areas sufficiently illuminated, but protected from wind gusts.
Suitable for growing magnolia soil can have different acidity - they grow well on acidic and neutral soils - pH 6.1-7.5, a little worse on weakly alkaline and do not grow at all on highly calcareous, dry and poor soils. The process of transplanting grown-up Senets to a permanent place consists of the following stages:
- Fertilize with compost or rotted manure for the plot.
- Seedling before landing for a couple of hours to put in the water - rain or normal with the addition of a growth stimulator.
- Dig a hole with a depth equal to the length of the root system and a width twice as large. At the bottom of the pit you can put a little compost or vermicompost, above it should be a little sprinkle with soil. Such a nutritional pad will allow the plant to take root faster and increase the root mass.
- If the roots of a seedling of a tulip tree are knocked together, they should be gently straightened, treated with a striker, for example, “Eeverris Starter”, and then placed in an excavated pit, covered with earth, lightly tamped to avoid the formation of air pockets, water.
- Mulch the tree trunk with sawdust, compost or foliage to maintain moisture and protect against weeds.
At a young age, trees easily tolerate pruning, but are quite capable of doing without it. In addition, the tulip tree needs regular watering, but does not tolerate an overabundance of moisture in the soil. In the first wintering in a permanent place, seedlings should be covered with agrofiber or spruce branches, having built a kind of hut.
Attention! Tulip tree is recommended in the early years of growth for the winter to cover with the crown, otherwise when freezing the tops of the plant, instead of a tree you get a shrub.
Planted trees after 2 years can be fed up, making nitrogen fertilizers in the spring, and before winter - potash and phosphate. Regular fertilization will contribute not only to good growth and development of the tree, but also its abundant flowering.
Magnolias are practically not affected by pests; they calmly tolerate smoke and a large accumulation of soot, but with poor care they suffer from fungal diseases.
Among the main problems faced by a tulip tree in the process of growth are:
- drying of the tips of the foliage or its fall, which is associated with increased dryness of the soil and air,
- yellowing of foliage caused by too bright light
- discoloration or blanching of foliage as a result of nutrient deficiencies in the soil.
Having decided to grow a tulip tree from seeds, be patient, but in any case it is justified, since the seed material of this plant is highly germinating. В остальном процесс выращивания не потребует каких-то особых усилий от садовода, если будет правильно подобран участок для посадки.
Лириодендрон тюльпановый, или тюльпанное дерево
ТЮЛЬПАННОЕ ДЕРЕВО - высокое листопадное дерево семейства магнолиевых (Magnoliaceae), в природных условиях растущее на востоке Северной Америки. Ботаническое название: Лириодендрон тюльпановый (лат. Liriodendron tulipifera). On the territory of the Russian Federation, tulip trees are acclimatized in the wet conditions of the Sochi subtropics of the Black Sea coast of Russia, where they are used in landscape design.
The genus is represented by two species, one of which grows in North America, the other in China. The Chinese species is more thermophilic and less decorative, differs from the American relative in smaller leaves and yellow-green flowers.
At home in North America, these trees are valued and loved for beauty and practicality, pests bypass them, and the foliage absorbs dust well. In Japan, called the tulip tree - “the tree of lilies".
Tulip Chinese tree (Liriodendron chinensis) In nature, this is a popular ornamental plant known as Chinese Tulip Tree (Chinese liriodendron). Widely distributed in the mountain evergreen deciduous forests in the Yangtze River Basin in China, moving further south into northern Vietnam. The climate in the areas of growth is soft or cool, humid. It grows in the form of a low tree (up to 15 m) or shrub. Discovered in nature at the beginning of the twentieth century, Chinese tulip tree was introduced into culture by Ernest Wilson in 1901. Flowers are up to 6 cm in diameter, greenish on the outside and yellow inside, do not have orange spots at the base of the inside of the petals. It grows quickly and feels good on all types of fertile soil, but nevertheless it is much less common in culture than the American species.
Liriodendron tulip (Liriodendron tulipifera)The American type of tulip tree is distinguished by exceptionally high decorative qualities, powerful size, a tree up to 50 m tall, a slender, columnar trunk covered with light-gray smooth bark that cracks only in old trees, with a beautiful crown shape - from wide-pyramidal to round-shaped. , the original form of flowers - slightly fragrant, tulip-shaped in shape, which served as the basis of the species name, with the chapel folds down greenish-white color and greenish-yellow stucco streaks with a large orange spot, highly ornamental, bluish-green, lyre-shaped leaves up to 15 cm long, painted in autumn colors in golden tones.
All these qualities make it a valuable material for landscape construction and landscaping of populated areas. Resistance to pests and diseases, low susceptibility to smoke and soot increase its decorative significance even more. It is effective in single and group plantings, small groves, where silvery columnar trunks, highly purified from branches, make a huge impression. Exceptionally decorative in the alleys and ordinary street plantings. It is relatively frost-resistant, it withstands a short temperature drop to -30 ° C, it is demanding to light, moisture and soil composition, it does not tolerate excess lime. Windproof, durable, lives up to 500 years. Propagated by seeds, layering, cuttings, grafting. In his youth, tolerates pruning. In culture since 1688.
The tulip tree or liriodendron belongs to the Magnolia family, and its Russian-language name was given for the similarity of its flowers with tulips. The homeland of this interesting plant is North America, where it is widespread in a number of states. This is one of the largest flowering trees in the world - they reach 25–30 m in height, and in the usual habitat, the height of individual tulip trees can be 60 m, and the trunk diameter can be up to 3 m.
Where is the tulip tree growing?
The amazing tree is widespread in a number of countries with a temperate climate. In the north, it is grown up to Norway, it is not deprived of attention in the countries of the southern hemisphere, such as Argentina, Chile, Peru, South Africa, and so on. When artificially cultivating a tree away from its natural habitat, it does not show aggression towards other plants growing in close proximity.
Liriodendron, tulip tree: description
The crowns of young trees have a pyramidal shape, over time it acquires a more rounded shape. The branches of the tree have a brown color and as if covered with bloom, resembling wax. If you break them, you can feel a pleasant spicy aroma. The bark of young tree trunks is smooth, with a greenish tinge; as the plant grows, it becomes covered with irregularities, roughness and whitish rhomboid stripes.
The leaves of the lyriodendron are massive and wide, reaching 12–20 cm in length. In spring and summer, their color ranges from light green to more saturated shades of green, and in the fall they acquire an intense golden hue.
Flowers, resembling tulips, actually gave the tree its name, as mentioned above. On average, they are 6 cm in length, petals of white or green flowers, corolla yellow, emitting a pleasant sweet aroma. The flowers are located singly at the tips of the branches. At home in North America, the lyriodendron is considered to be one of the most melliferous plants.
Peculiarities of growing liriodendron - tulip tree
Lyriodendron is propagated by seeds, which are obtained from pineal fruits that grow from the ovaries after flowering. However, the seeds quickly lose their germination, so only freshly harvested seeds should be sown, no later than 2-3 days after harvesting the planting material.
Young trees can be propagated by layering, which should be separated from the tree after two years. If we are talking about the preservation of varietal material, then seedlings can be grafted onto the planting material.
Due to the size of the tulip tree is not grown in small gardens, because it requires a lot of free space for full growth and development. The plant is very light-loving, it is no less demanding on the soil. The best thing the lyriodendron feels itself in fertile, well-drained soils, and the fertile layer must lie deep enough due to the nature of the root system of trees.
At the new place, the tulip tree takes root for a long time, but with almost no problems. It is completely frost-resistant and perfectly tolerates even the harsh winters typical of the middle lane.
It is noteworthy that in the USA this tree has not decorative, but mainly industrial significance, since its wood is light, strong and easy to process.
Another similar plant, the African tulip tree, is called spatodea.
See also in other dictionaries:
tulip tree - lyriodendron Dictionary of Russian synonyms. tulip tree number of synonyms: 2 • tree (618) • ... Dictionary of synonyms
TULIP TREE - (liriodendron), a genus of trees (magnoliaceae family). 2 types: one in southeastern North America, the other in China. The flowers are like tulips. Wood goes to the furniture. Bred in Western Europe, Crimea, in the Caucasus as ornamental plants ... Modern Encyclopedia
TULIP TREE - (liriodendron) genus of trees of the family of magnoliaceae. 2 types: one in the south-east of Sev. America, the other in China. The flowers are like tulips. Wood goes to the furniture. Bred as ornamental plants ... Big Encyclopedic Dictionary
Tulip Tree -. Liriodendron Flower tulip liriodendron Scientific classification Kingdom: Plants ... Wikipedia
tulip tree - (liriodendron), a genus of trees of the magnoliaceae family. 2 types: one in southeastern North America, the other in China. The flowers are like tulips. Wood goes to the furniture. Bred in many countries as ornamental plants. * * * TULIP TREE ... Encyclopedic Dictionary
tulip tree - gelsvažiedis tulpmedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Magnolijini šeimos dekoratyvinis, medieninis, vaistinis augalas (Liriodendron tulipifera), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. atitikmenys: lot. Liriodendron tulipifera angl. canary whitewood,… Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)
tulip tree - tulpmedis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Magnolijinių (Magnoliaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Liriodendron). atitikmenys: lot. Liriodendron angl. tulip tree vok. Tulpenbaum rus. liriodendron, tulip tree lenk. tulipanowiec ... Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas
Tulip tree - Tree of this. Magnoliaceae, whose flowers resemble a tulip ... A dictionary of many expressions
The tulip tree is a lyriodendron (Liriodendron tulipifera), a deciduous tree of the Magnolia family, height 50–60 m and diameter up to 3 3.5 m. The leaves are lyre-shaped, 4 6 lobed, with notched apex. Flowers solitary, at the ends of branches, large (diameter 5 6 cm), ... ... Great Soviet Encyclopedia
Tulip Tree - (Liriodendron tulipifera L.) of this. maniolevyh, wildly growing in the North. America, in Zap. Europe is bred in parks and gardens, we have only in cold greenhouses. This is a slender tree, reaching a height of up to 40 m at home, in Europe only up to 20 m, leaves ... ... FA Encyclopedic Dictionary Brockhaus and I.A. Efrona
Climate and soil requirements
Tulip tree (liriodendron) is widely cultivated in temperate climates. It is able to grow in northern countries, extending to the latitude of the capital of Norway - Oslo. The tulip tree is a national symbol of Kentucky and Indiana in the United States. Liriodendron is very demanding on the composition of the soil, light and moisture, it does not tolerate excess lime. He prefers deep loamy, well-drained soils with a thick layer of surface black soil. The tree does not like salty soils. However, tulip trees can grow in sandy soils. They very gratefully respond to fertilizing with complex and organic fertilizers.
Lyriodendron has a very original form of inflorescences. In shape, they resemble a tulip (size 6-10 cm) with green-white sepals and yellow-green petals with a large orange spot. But in terms of fragrant liriodendron nothing to boast. Flowers have a mild aroma, reminiscent of the smell of fresh cucumber. They bloom gradually, one at the end of the branch. Flowering lasts for two to three weeks, from late May to mid-June. Beekeeper lovers should be aware that the liriodendron is very attractive for insects, since it produces a lot of nectar. When a tulip tree blossoms, a real holiday comes for the bees, because it is rightfully considered one of the most melliferous plants. If you put a torn flower in a warm and bright room, you can get a full teaspoon of nectar from it.
Decoration of any park
You should know that the tulip tree (the photos given in the article will allow the reader to see this blooming miracle in all its glory) is very effective not only in the process of flowering, but also in the rest of the time. His columnar silver trunks, peeled from the branches, look very elegant. In addition, the tulip tree is distinguished by its luxurious crown, the shape of which can be different - from the rounded marquee to the wide pyramidal. It has quite interesting ornamental lyre leaves (up to 15 cm long) of a bluish-green color, painted in the autumn period in golden tones. A feature of the crown is that the upper branches always bend in one direction. The branches of the tree are as if covered with wax, and in the place of fracture they have a pleasant spicy aroma. And how beautiful are the alleys along which these trees are planted! Especially when their branches intertwine, forming a flower dome. The average height of the crown reaches 30-35 m, and in the forests there are also real giants with a height of about 60 m. The liriodendron is considered to be one of the most beautiful ornamental trees. During the flowering period, it simply attracts the eye to its crown, where thousands of flowers are collected.
In antiquity, the lyriodendron grew throughout the whole territory of modern Europe, as evidenced by numerous archaeological finds. Today, two types of tulip tree are widespread: North American and Chinese. Both are characterized by rapid growth. If one species is adjacent to another, they easily interbreed with each other. As a result, the resulting hybrid grows faster than each of its “parents”.
African Tulip Tree
In West Africa, another species of tulip tree grows - bell-shaped spathoday. For large bright inflorescences it is also called the "flame of the forest", "fire tree", "ball lightning." Spathoday belongs to the Bignoniev family. In nature, this evergreen tree grows quite quickly and reaches a height of 15 meters.
It blooms all year round, so it is often planted in parks and urban gardens of the tropics and subtropics. Unlike wild trees, cultural spathodas are smaller. Mature plant has dark green foliage, which emphasizes the beauty of bright red flowers. In the rain, the African tulip tree collects water in its colors, which attracts birds to it. Hummingbirds love to feast on nectar, which is produced in flowers in large quantities. Softwood is home to many breeds of birds that make nests in it.
However, despite its fragility and softness, the wood of the bell-shaped spatodea tends to resist fire. In West Africa, drums are made of it, and paper is made in Singapore. Due to the powerful antibacterial effect, the leaves and bark of this plant are successfully used in traditional medicine.
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