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Oxygen room oxalis Home care Reproduction and replanting Species photos

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Oxygen, a flower of happiness, a butterfly - it's all about her, a gentle guest from a shady forest who settled on the window. A cute flower of acid rose care at home requires uncomplicated, loved by all and unusual. Its triangular leaflets resemble butterfly wings, fold in pairs if touched. The leaves are colored from dark purple to bright green. Flowers also have a different color. Care for tartle is simple, according to the power of a beginner florist.

Plant Basics

Common oxygen - a resident of deciduous forests of central Europe and Russia. This perennial plant breeds in spruce forest creeping rhizomes. Leaves resembling butterfly wings, are located low above the ground. Above them, air brush flowers. Ripe seeds shoot out of the box, giving life to new plants.

The acidic plant is named for the sour taste, they contain vitamin C and oxalic acid. Vitamin spring greens.

The trifoliate leaves, there are species with four lobes, forming a circle when folded. They have a different color, due to the presence of carotenoids. The forest grows modest Oxalis acetosella, red rose is much more decorative. In home breeding, the most common variety was kislita violet. Many fans breed varieties of different color and structure of the leaf blade.

Agrotechnica flower of happiness

An unpretentious flower is little susceptible to disease, but the ubiquitous pests of houseplants can settle on it. But if kislitsa gets the right care at home, insects are not afraid of it. A healthy plant will bring happiness to the house, the flowering bush will be the herald of happiness if you give it to friends at Christmas.

The height of the plant does not exceed 30 cm, the leaves are large, the flowers are gathered in a whisk. How to care for acidic so that it always pleases? Flower maintenance conditions are simple:

  • any window except the north one will do, but shading is mandatory in summer,
  • temperature in the summer of 20-25, in the winter of 12-18 degrees,
  • uniform watering without frills,
  • spraying leaves in spring and summer,
  • fertilizing with complex fertilizer during flowering in 2-3 weeks,
  • dried leaves and flowers need to be cleaned, the plant is clean.

In the process of caring for tartweed at home, there will be their own established techniques and methods applicable to the plant.

How to ensure proper care for oxalis

If the flower is not enough light, it will stop blooming, the leaves will turn pale and fall. Therefore, the north window is not suitable for plants. If kislitsy care at home is good, it will look like in the photo.

Oxygen is demanding to respect the water regime. The earth should not dry out, but tender plants cannot stand the moisture stagnation.

Winter watering should be scanty, but not allowed to dry out. The leaves like when they gather droplets of soft defended water. It is necessary to fertilize a tender plant little by little, using half the recommended dose.

Requirements for soil, planting capacity and transplanting plants

The root system of all Oxalis species is superficial. Therefore, pots need to choose a wide, so that the plant grows. A drainage layer is created below. Even short-term stagnation of water in the care of room spirit can not be allowed.

The soil for the indoor flower is prepared loose and neutral. It consists of equal parts:

You can buy ready-made soil for indoor plants.

How to care for the flower of acid rose during transplanting and during the rest period

After buying weekly acclimatization, the purchased acid must be transplanted into a new pot. The event should be timed to the moment when the plant wakes up, to early spring. Repot the young plant in a large transfer box.

In an adult flower, you need to slightly shake off the ground and carefully peel off the old dead roots. Arrange on several onion near. In winter, when the plant stopped growing and drooped, it was easy to disassemble. After replacing the soil after a month, the log will begin to bloom.

When transplanting a flower, it is easy to propagate, selecting several nodules for the edge and planting them separately. In addition, you can take a piece of stem and put it on the rooting in water or wet sand under the film. The roots will appear in 35-40 days.

In December, the blueberry still blooms, which is why it is called the Christmas flower of happiness. But later growth stops and the leaves droop. This is a rest period. Cuttings pruned, leaving hemp a half centimeter high. The pot is set in a dry cellar or other room with a temperature of 12-15 degrees. During the rest period, the plant only watered a little, preventing the land from drying out. Expose souring on a bright place with the advent of the first shoots.

Botanical description of the plant

The number of species kislitsy rolls over eight hundred. Many varieties are cultivated, which are grown in indoor conditions and gardens. In the article, we will focus only on the indoor growing Kislitsy.

Flower hare cabbage looks like a photo of the plant

The root system of the plant is bulbous. On the long thin petioles attached most tender leaf plates, like the wings of butterflies. They can be divided into 2-5 blades. A characteristic feature is that at night they bend, and in the morning they open up again. Depending on the variety, they can be green, burgundy, purple or combine several shades.

Plant height is about 20 cm.

Flowers of regular shape, pyatilepestkovye, colors of calm tones (white, cream, pink, yellow). At night, as well as when the weather is cloudy, the flowers close. The fruit is a small seed box.

Growing sour from seeds

Seeds of sour seeds photo

Under conditions of the natural environment, acid oxides reproduce by self-sowing, but in culture, vegetative propagation methods are most often used as faster and more reliable. Growing seedlings from seeds will be an interesting experience that will allow you to immediately get a significant number of young plants.

For sowing, you will need a seedling box with a nutrient substrate (take 4 pieces of leaf humus and peat, add 1 part of sand). Seeds are very small, they should be spread over the soil surface and spray them with a fine sprayer, then use this method of watering or through a tray.

Sour seed seedling photos

  • After sowing, cover the container with glass or plastic film and ventilate daily to get rid of condensate.
  • Maintain air temperature within 17-20 ° C, provide diffused lighting.
  • Depending on the quality of the seed, the seed germination process takes 10-30 days.
  • At emergence of shoots gradually accustom to life without shelter.
  • When the plants become crowded, spread them out in separate containers with soil for adult specimens.

Propagation by daughters or parts of riza

Root tart rhizome three-leaved photo

These methods are almost identical, so consider them together. Separate the corns from the corms, or divide the rhizome into several parts; treat the cut sections with a fungicide preparation, plant them in the nutrient soil.

Reproduction of sour by dividing with a rize photo

Planting place in a cool dimly lit place, occasionally watering. When sprouts hatch, transfer under ambient lighting. The plant develops quite quickly and in a month you will receive full seedlings.

Conditions of growing Kislitsy

  • In order for the plant to feel comfortable, it is necessary to provide conditions close to natural ones. Set aside a place for diffuse light. To do this, perfectly fit the windows of the eastern or western orientation, can be placed at the southern window on the stands, and the tulle curtain will provide protection from direct sunlight.
  • In the warm season, the optimum air temperature is 25 ° C, with the onset of cold weather the temperature indices are in the range of 12-18 ° C.

How to water

Oxygen is moisture-loving, but do not allow the over-wetting of the soil - this can lead to decay of the root system. In the summer, the soil surface should be constantly slightly wet. With the arrival of autumn, watering is reduced, in winter it is minimal (the earth bed should not dry out completely).

Spring and summer periodically spray the plant.

For irrigation and spraying it is necessary to use softened water (boiled, filtered, rain, thawed or ordinary tap water, but settled for at least 24 hours).

Rest period of acid

Some species of acidic need a period of rest. It starts in winter and lasts about 1 month. If after the end of flowering leaves begin to fall off, watering should be reduced and the temperature should be reduced. Falling leaves may not occur, the need for "hibernation" is also indicated by a stunted growth.

When the plant will release new leaves, then the rest period is over. Replant and return the plant to active mode (warmer air temperature, resume watering and feeding).

Kyslitsy transplant after purchase and during the growing season

How to transplant kislitsu photo

A newly acquired plant is transplanted after a weekly adaptation.

Young plants (up to 3 years old) need annual transplantation. Adult specimens should be replanted 1 time in 2 years. The procedure is carried out in the spring. It is best to use the transshipment method with the preservation of earthy coma, of course, if you do not plan to divide the bush.

The root system of acid oxides is superficial, so choose a shallow container. To make the bush more lush, several tubers are planted in one pot at once - this necessitates a wider capacity.

Be sure to lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the pot. Over-nourishing soil can adversely affect flowering. Use a universal substrate or prepare a soil mixture yourself (in equal proportions mix leaf and sod soil, humus, sand and peat). The main condition is friability and neutral soil reaction.

Features care and maintenance

Kislitsa likes shadow and can be content with a minimum of light. Under natural conditions, it can perfectly inhabit the lower tier of the forest, under the dense cover of leaves and branches of other plants.

An indoor flower requires more sun — the more light it receives, the less greenery remains on its leaves. But it is not necessary to expose the killer under direct rays - it needs diffused lighting, although it calmly transfers the soft morning light. For normal growth, a flower needs 8 hours of intense diffuse lighting per day.

The main stages of plant care

Potulite is not a summer plant. She feels best at home in the fall, winter and spring due to softer lighting. The rest period usually falls at the end of summer.

Oxalis requires a complex mineral fertilizer during growth and flowering (1 every 2-3 weeks). At this time, the best temperature for a plant is 20–25 ° C. The soil should be cool and wet, but not wet. It is recommended to put a layer of mulch on the soil so that it loses moisture more slowly.

Attention! If you feed too much, the plant will have few flowers.

Bulbs and tubers

Tubers and bulbs of acid can look different. In some species, tubers resemble elongated cones.

To grow oxalis from tubers (bulbs):

  1. Choose a suitable pot or container: wide and not too high, with a hole to release excess water.
  2. Fill the tank with well-drained soil (you can use a peat mixture containing sand and perlite). Excess water should be free to leave the pot and not linger in the soil.
  3. Think in advance about where the pot will be. The more light the plant gets, the richer the color of its leaves will be, and the more flowers it will bring. Remember - you can not put sour under intense direct radiation.
  4. Make a few holes with a depth of 8-10 cm at a distance of 2.5-3.5 cm from each other. Put on them the bulbs or tubers - for germination it does not matter how they will be located in the ground.
  5. After planting, moisten the ground gently and liberally. Foliage will begin to appear soon enough, and flowers - in 6-8 weeks.
  6. When the plant blooms, do not remove the leaves. With their help, acid stores up more nutrients in the bulb.

Table 1. The distribution of plants when planted in one pot.

Planting and care for tart (in short)

  • Bloom: from late May or early June to winter.
  • Lighting: bright diffused light.
  • Temperature: during the growing season - 20-25 ˚C, in the rest period - 12-18 ˚C.
  • Watering: in summer - plentiful, in autumn and in winter moderate to scanty.
  • Air humidity: usual for living quarters, but in strong heat it is advisable to spray the plant from time to time.
  • Top dressing: in the period of active growth once in 2-3 weeks with complex mineral fertilizers in half of the dosage specified in the instructions.
  • Rest period: one and a half months after flowering.
  • Transfer: Young plants are transplanted annually, adults - once every 2-3 years.
  • Breeding: daughter bulbs or nodules, less often - seeds.
  • Pests: shchitovki, aphid, spider mites.
  • Diseases: gray rot, Fusarium.
  • Properties: medicinal plant with a high content in the leaves of vitamin C.

Flower kislitsa - description

Oysters are represented by many species, among them there are annual, perennial, tuberous and bulbous plants. Leaves of sour-leaves are palmate-conjugated or trifoliate, petiolate, with a complex limb, folding in the evening and opening in the morning. The leaves also react to too bright light and mechanical irritation. The color of the leaves, depending on the type of acid can be green, purple or burgundy. Kislitsy flowers in medium-sized, correct, the color of the petals can be white, pink, lilac or yellow. The flowers, like the leaves of the plant, close at night or before bad weather. Kislitsy seeds ripen in the shell, easily exploding when touched, when the seeds ripen. Homemade oxygen is most often represented by two species - four-leaf acidic and triangular acidic. Room rose is a popular gift for Christmas tree in Europe, as there is a sign that the plant brings happiness and well-being to the house if it lodges in it the day before the New Year.

How to care for tart.

Indoor flower acid has the same requirements for growing conditions as its wild-growing relative. She needs intense, but diffused light with shading from the direct rays of the sun. The temperature in the summertime is the homemade chislitzie prefers within 20-25 ºC, which, however, is quite natural for this time of year. In winter, it is desirable to slightly reduce the temperature - up to 12-18 ºC, otherwise the plant will not bloom. Watering in the summer should be abundant, but it should not be allowed to stagnate water in the roots. With the onset of autumn, watering is reduced, and in winter, soil moistening in a pot with acidity should be symbolic, so that the soil is barely moist. Oxycore does not need sprinkling of leaves in a houseplant, although if the house is too hot and stuffy, you can spray the plant with boiled water. In winter, spraying is not recommended.

Some types of Kyslitsy rest in winter. The rest period lasts a month and a half. If you notice that the plant began to lose leaves after flowering, reduce watering and move the flower to a cool place where it will be at rest. Sometimes the leaves do not fall off the acidic, it just stops growing, as if frozen - this is a sign that it is time to move it to the “winter apartment” for recuperation. At this time, watering should be minimal. But as soon as you find out that the plant has started to appear new shoots, transplant it into a fresh substrate, return it to its usual place, resume watering and feeding.

Fertilizer sour.

Caring for homemade tinker involves timely feeding the plant with complex mineral fertilizers. Bring them into the period of active growth and flowering every 2-3 weeks, and the concentration of the solution should be two times less than recommended by the manufacturer.

Acid transplant.

Care of room sour requires annual transplantation of young plants; adult plants are transplanted once every two to three years. If you don’t know how to transplant fruit, start by choosing a pot. A pot of acidic need a wide, so that you can plant several tubers or onions in one container - so you get a luxurious flowering bush. At the bottom of the pot lay a layer of drainage, so that excess water does not stagnate in the roots of the plant. Any soil will suit the acidic soil - buy in the store a universal soil or make up the soil mixture from the leaf, sod, peat land and sand in equal parts. Consider that if the soil is too nutritious, then there will be a lot of leaves on the plant and few flowers. Посадка кислицы в новый горшок осуществляется с большой осторожностью, вместе с земляным комом, если у вас нет намерения в этот раз заняться ее размножением.

Вредители и болезни кислицы.

Oxygen is resistant to damage by insects and diseases, but if the maintenance of the acidity is carried out improperly, spider red mites, aphids or scale insects can occupy it. The spider mite is removed by treating the plant with actellic, the aphids are destroyed by spraying the acidic solution with a solution of two teaspoons of liquid soap in two glasses of water, and the shield must first be mechanically removed from the plant and all the parasites must be removed from the plant, then actor. If you do not succeed in destroying pests once, a week later the treatment of the plant with medicinal preparations must be repeated. Do not forget that all manipulations are carried out in clean air, and the surface of the soil must be reliably protected from getting drugs on it. A soap solution a few hours after application to the ground part of the plant should be washed off with water, in the same way covering the ground from soap entering it.

If you are too zealous with irrigation and do not bother to put a layer of drainage under the ground, the plant may be affected by gray mold or fusarium. Both the disease and the initial stage are successfully treated with basezol.

Vegetative methods of breeding acidic.

The easiest way to do this is to separate the daughter bulb or nodules formed around the taproot, and plant them a few pieces in one pot, sprinkled with a small amount of soil, placing the container in a cool shaded place and occasionally moistening the soil. When shoots appear, the pot is moved closer to the light, and after a month and a half, the young plant will turn into a lush flowering bush.

After a period of rest, as soon as the first new leaf appears, the tuber is removed from the ground, cleaned of soil, washed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, cut into pieces, cut into sections with crushed charcoal and planted delenki in individual pots. The pots with the tuber parts seated are placed under diffused light, watered after the earthen clod dries and fed twice a month, starting from the second week after planting.

Properties of acid

For a long time kislitsa was considered a medicinal plant. Used the ground part of the plant for the treatment of scurvy, for the treatment of ulcers and wounds, as an antidote for arsenic or mercury poisoning. Traditional medicine has successfully used the antihelminthic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic and wound healing properties of the plant.

Due to the high content of vitamin C in leaves, its use helped to cope with colds and strengthened the immune system. Oatmeal is also in demand in cooking: it was used to make a delicious and healthy tea, added to soup, green borsch or kvass.

Triangular (Oxalis triangularis),

or violet acid, more often than other species grown in room culture, is a low tuberous plant with dark purple spotted trilobate leaves on long petioles. The leaf of Kislitsy violet is similar to the quivering wings of a butterfly, for which it was called "Madame Butterfly." The flowers in this species are small, white, light pink or lilac.

Four-leaf oxygen (Oxalis tetraphylla),

or Oxalis deppei grown in the garden and at home. The leaves are fourfold, light green with a red-brown middle. Blooms for a long time red crimson flowers, forming inflorescences. It is this kind of Englishmen called "lucky clover."

Multicolored Oxylis (Oxalis versicolor)

- amazingly beautiful plant with white flowers with red stripes. Opened white flower from the inside with a red border around the edge.

In addition to these species, the culture of the species is known as the nutticus Obtusa, the acidica of the eye, or the tuberiferous, the oxillonus, the nine-leafed, poor, milky-white, nasturtium, succulent, articulate, pressed, triangular, and many others. But all these beautiful plants are grown in the garden, and this, as they say, is a completely different story.

General information

There are about eight hundred wild species of shale, and among the cultivated ones there are garden and room types.

It is difficult to characterize the dysfunctions in one word, because within the genus there are annuals, perennials, herbs with a tuberous rhizome and bulbs. The foliage of these flowers is placed on the stem, it is palmate or ternate. An interesting feature is that in the evening it bends and opens in the morning.

The color of the foliage depends on the species and is green, burgundy or violet. The flowers are small, regular, mostly gentle tones. In the evening, and also before bad weather, the flowers close.

Sunflower seeds ripen in the fruit, which easily breaks when touched. In addition, the herb is used in the preparation of dishes - it is added to the first courses, teas, kvass. In culture most often grown triangle and four leaf foliage.

Types and varieties

Triangular acid or purple the most common species in the culture. It is a short flower with purple foliage. Flowers are small, usually white or pale pink.

Four-leaf oxygen or Deppe can be grown in the garden and in the indoor environment. Its leaves have 4 lobes of pale green with a burgundy middle. Inflorescences scarlet color. This species is called in Europe "lucky clover»

Common oxygen It is a low shrub with clover-like foliage and large single flowers.

Kislitsa bovee delicate flower that is very afraid of the cold. It has bright leaves and soft lilac flowers.

Multicolored oxygen very beautiful view, gained popularity due to white flowers with scarlet stripes.

Also known are strawberry, carob, poor, succulent, but they are not very popular and are rarely grown.

Oxygen care at home

Room sour need the same conditions as the wild. The first condition of plant health is bright, but diffused lighting, so that the direct rays do not touch it.

The summer temperature, which is similar to acidity, fluctuates around 25 ° С, and winter temperature is around 12-18 ° С.

Oxygen: home care

In its natural habitat, autumn leaves throw off all the leaves and inflorescences in autumn and freeze before the onset of spring. The task of the grower is not to allow the home flower to hibernate, but to continue flowering and grow further. In room conditions it is easy to make, the main thing is to ensure proper care of the flower.

If the air temperature does not fall below fifteen degrees, oxygen will continue the natural cycle. Do not allow the reduction to a critical temperature of eight degrees. Care for room spirit involves watering, feeding and moisturizing the leaves.

The humidity of the room should be moderate, although this plant can survive well and the dry air of winter heating. It is desirable to spray the leaves in winter from a spray bottle, and fill the pot with wet expanded clay.

Violet Kislitse like a little cool air temperature. Try to keep it away from batteries and heating objects.

Location and lighting

Forest beauty in nature prefers shady forests, so try not to put it in the south side of the apartment. The most preferred places are east and west. It is not afraid of direct sunlight, but too many of them can damage. With a lack of lighting, the flower slows down a little.

As soon as the flower starts planting leaves in the fall, reduce watering to a minimum. And you can also move the flower to a cooler place, so that oxygen can rest for two months and continue to grow. This period is very important for the plant, and although it does not completely lose all the foliage, the development will stop, giving it the opportunity to recover before the spring-summer bloom. Flower care during the winter months is reduced to a minimum.

Emerging young shoots saythat the rest period is over. Now you can feed it, move it to a warm place and start watering as before.

Fertilizer and dressing

It is usually fed with mineral fertilizers, and organic ones are also suitable. All of them are sold in flower shops, so it makes no sense to prepare them at home. Carry out the procedure in the period of growth and budding once every twenty days. The last time fertilizers are applied at the end of August and completely stop feeding before the onset of spring.

Water it often, but not allowing stagnant water. Especially carefully should monitor the condition of the soil during the flowering period. In winter, all watering is stopped, and with the advent of the shoots again they renew. Sour is very fond of spraying. To do this, use the spray and soft water. In the summer, the plant should be wetted at least every three days, and in the winter it should be stopped altogether. Spraying has a very favorable effect on the condition of the leaves and inflorescences of Kislitsy. They become brighter, more saturated colors and denser.

Breeding

There are several ways of breeding acidic at home. In nature, this flower is propagated by seeds, but at home this method is not used due to difficulties.

The main methods are the following:

  • The easiest of all methods is dilution using rhizomes. As soon as the first shoots appear in the spring, the plant is pulled out of the pot and the root is divided into parts. Be sure to soak it in a solution of manganese. After transplantation, the roots are watered every five days.
  • You can propagate the plant with the help of leaves. A sheet is carefully torn from a large bush and placed in a glass of water. You can not cut the sheet, as this will affect its further state. It has been observed that a knife cut off a leaf produces poor roots. After the roots appear, plant a sprout in a permanent place in the pot.
  • Using cuttings propagate the plant as follows. Cut cuttings from the mother plant and treated with a solution of Kornevin. After that they are planted in a prepared soil with sand and watered well. Care for cuttings involves frequent watering.
  • Bulb breeding is the fastest way to get a new plant. In thirty days there will be a fully formed flower. To do this, share the bulbs and planted them in separate pots. After which the pots are placed in a cool, half-lit place and watered. As soon as sprouts appear, the flowers are transferred to a permanent place.

You can buy a regular substrate in a flower shop, and you can cook yourself. Oxygen is undemanding to the composition of the soil and usually grows well on average in all indicators of soil. To prepare the soil, you will need peat, turf and leaf soil, and certainly sand for drainage.

Types of Kislitsy

There are several typesrecommended for home growing:

  • Four leaf leaves has four leaves instead of the usual three. The leaves are dark green with burgundy trim, and inflorescences bright crimson hue. This kislitsy - inhabitant of the southern forests. In nature, it can be found only in South America. In his homeland, this flower has gained a lot of legends and beliefs. It is believed that by bringing crimson fruit home, you can attract wealth and good luck.
  • Glandular oxygen is characterized by large white inflorescences with purple veins. Small bushes themselves with greyish leaves.
  • A resident of the coniferous forests - kislitza violet, very loved by home growers. Bred it with the help of rhizome division. Bushes usually reach twelve centimeters. Inflorescences are pink, white or purple shades.
  • Unusual Kislitz Buly is a large inflorescence located on a long leg. The height of the stem sometimes reaches thirty centimeters. Blooms Bouvius pink flowers.
  • The most suitable for home cultivation is considered triangular acido. This southern variety in the wild can be seen in Mexico. The flowers are purple or pink flowers are located on thin shoots. The leaves are dark, crimson hue.
  • In the red-and-white rose, the inflorescences are white with a red border, which close at night and open again in the morning.

Medicinal properties

Violet acid has a large amount of vitamin C, K and P, and it also contains succinic, tartaric and oxalic acids. In addition, the plant contains flavonoids and carotene. Decoctions and tinctures of acidic are used to treat the digestive system and inflammation of the urinary system. Means prepared from the leaves of this plant, perfectly eliminate heartburn, improve metabolism and help to cope with toxicosis in pregnant women.

The plant also has anti-inflammatory, choleretic and antimicrobial action.

For the prevention of beriberi in spring, the following tea is made from young leaves: the young leaves are washed under running water and ground with sugar. Then give stand and pour boiling water. Warm up in a water bath for ten minutes. You can brew in a porcelain teapot and wrap for half an hour. This tea is also used in case of poisoning with metal salts.

It possesses purple acid and analgesic properties. It is especially effective for painful menstruation.

Crushed or crushed leaves are applied to wounds instead of plantain..

A decoction of the leaves of Kislitsy is used to treat stomatitis, and also it perfectly eliminates bad breath.

In the old days this grass expelled the worms.

A decoction of sour is prepared as follows: one full tablespoon of crushed leaves is poured with a glass of boiling water and insisted on a water bath. If the water in the broth is too decreased, you can still add a small amount.

Oxygen belongs to weakly poisonous plants, which is why it is desirable to take it nevertheless outwardly than inwards. You can not use drugs from this plant for patients with renal and hepatic insufficiency and poor blood clotting.

From rheumatism and bruises prepare alcohol tincture of leaves and stems of sour. For this, three tablespoons of crushed raw materials poured a half-liter bottle of vodka or diluted alcohol. The infusion is kept for two weeks in a dark place, sometimes reaching out and shaking. After the composition is infused, it is filtered and used in the form of rubbing or gauze compress on sore spots.

In cooking, Kislitsa leaves are used instead of sorrel. It was not for nothing that they called her “hare cabbage”, it tastes absolutely edible and really looks like young cabbage. To enrich the spring menu with vitamins, add young leaves with shoots in salads. If you need to acidify a dish of meat, use vinegar instead of vinegar instead of vinegar.

Prepare sour for the winter and then it will be possible to fill the soup with dried grass. So, he will get a sour taste and without vinegar.

If during cooking potato pancakes add crushed leaves of this plant, the dishes will acquire a unique taste and aroma, and you will receive an additional portion of vitamins.

Place in the house and lighting

This plant requires good lighting. If possible, place the pot with a bush in the western or southern part of the room. If the flower grows on the north side, an additional light source may be required. Oxalis is usually planted in a flower pot, sometimes in pots. In the summer, it can also be transplanted to the garden plot.

Watering and humidity

Homemade oxygen loves moisture. If your apartment is hot, then the flower should be sprayed daily with water at room temperature and watered at least 2-3 times a week. After the onset of cold weather watering should be limited to the soil remained slightly wet, and spraying should be excluded.

Renew watering or increase its intensity should be when the plant begins to show young shoots. After that, it is also recommended to transfer the plant to a warmer room, if possible.

Plant nutrition

Oxalis must be fertilized from April to September (during the phase of active growth and flowering). It will be enough to do this once every 2-3 weeks. Mineral fertilizers are best suited, preferably complex. Experienced gardeners in this case strongly recommend using a solution concentration 2 times weaker than that indicated by the manufacturer in the instructions.

How to transplant tart into a new pot

Repot acidic annually. After a period of rest, it is necessary to plant not one but several onion or nodules, with the obligatory addition of drainage. Flower pot for sour is better to take wider. Substrate, capacity and drainage should be new.

If the plant was given proper care, then over the year it grows well and takes on the appearance of a lush bush. At the same time, transplantation of kislitsy becomes an obligatory ritual when grown at home. It is better to take a bigger pot if it is not planned to divide or remove a part of a plant. If the part you plan to remove, then the size of the container can not be changed.

Fill the new vessel with drainage (about a third). This should ensure the drainage of water and will avoid the problems associated with over-irrigation. After that, we fall asleep substrate. You can buy it at any flower shop or cook it yourself. To do this, take in equal parts of river sand, peat, leaf ground and humus. In addition, experienced gardeners recommend adding a little coconut to the substrate. Good ground is very important for acidic.

At the same time, it is very important not to overdo it with fertilizers. От качества почвы и соотношения компонентов зависит развитие растения. В случае с кислицей треугольной, избыток питательных веществ пойдет на пользу только лиственной массе в ущерб пышному цветению.

Клубнями и луковицами

Поскольку эти 2 метода по сути своей идентичны, их можно рассматривать вместе. The bulbs or tubers need to look around the old rhizome, they grow there. They are planted in groups of 5-10 onions (nodules), and sprinkled with soil on top. Planted in such a way, acidic quickly grows and develops. It will take only 4 weeks, and you will have a full-fledged plant grown by hand.

For this method, we need to prepare cuttings, cutting the shoots from an already adult plant. They need to be placed in a container with water to get the first shoots take 2-3 weeks. When their length reaches 1.5 cm, to continue the development of the plant, the cuttings must be transplanted. Pots with soil to prepare in advance. In the photo (see below) you can see just transplanted young cuttings.

As a cutting, you can use a regular sheet. Rooting is best done in the spring. It is necessary to cut a leaf, the stalk of which should be about 10 cm long. We act with it in the same way as with a handle - put it in a container with water.

After a time, thin roots will appear on the cut. At this stage, you need not to hurry, wait until they become longer and stronger, and only then carefully plant in the ground.

Diseases and pests of the plant: treatment and care during this period

At home, acidic acid is extremely rare, and is affected by pests even less often. Diseases can occur after attacks on the plant of scutes, aphids, whitefly, worm, ticks. Pests are eliminated with drugs that are sold in flower shops, but if the plants are properly cared for, the appearance of parasites should not worry you.

The plant can infect fusarium, as well as gray mold. This happens if you overdo it with watering, and also in the absence of a good drainage layer. For the treatment of these diseases in the initial stage is used "Fundazol".

Growing oxalis is full of its own nuances and characteristics, and requires careful care at home. But if you follow simple recommendations and how to care for the plant, this process will bring only joy and beauty to your home.

Watering roomcloth

The sour need a lot of moisture, but watch out for the damp soil, because if the water stays in the pot for a long time, the roots can rot. With the arrival of autumn, watering of the flower begins less often, and in winter, watering is done only to slightly moisten the soil.

Spraying the flower is basically not necessary, but in case of too hot weather, you can do it using boiled water. In winter, you can not perform this procedure.

Dormant period

Some types of winter fall into a period of rest, which lasts about one and a half months. If after flowering the foliage begins to fall from the plant, then reduce watering and place the acid in a cool room, where it will stay until the end of the rest period.

It happens that the foliage remains on the plant, but it stops growing: this also indicates the need to move to a cooler place to rest.

That the rest period is over, you will find out by the appearance of new branches. When this happens, transplant the flower and care for it as before.

Fertilizer for acid

In order for the plant to grow well, it needs fertilizing. To do this, during active growth, complex mineral fertilizers are applied every 15-20 days, but taking into account that they need to be diluted twice as much as indicated in the instructions.

Seed sour reproduction

In nature, oxalis breeds by self-sowing, but when breeding it at home, this method is usually not addressed, due to the presence of simpler and more reliable ones. But if you want, you can try to grow a flower in the seed way.

To do this, prepare a substrate of hardwood humus, peat and sand (4: 4: 1). Sow seeds over the substrate without covering them. After that, the container is covered with glass to form greenhouse conditions.

In order for the seeds to germinate, besides high humidity, they need diffused lighting and temperatures close to 17 ° C. Also, do not forget to air the sowing every day and spray it with water.

Depending on how old the seeds are, from 7 to 30 days you will get shoots.

Reproduction of Kislitsy by daughter bulbs

The easiest way to propagate acidic fruit is by separating from the main root subsidiaries. Further, the material is simply seated, placing several roots or bulbs in one pot, and sprinkled with soil a little. After that, the container is placed in a dimly lit, cool place, sometimes watering the ground.

When the sprouts are hatching, the pot is transferred to the light. And in 30-40 days you will have a young fresh bush.

Oxygen reproduction by division of rhizome

Dividing the root is also quite an easy way. At the end of the dormant period, when the plant expels a young leaf, the rhizome needs to be pulled out of the soil, cleaned and processed with a light solution of manganese. After that, it is divided into parts, powdered cuts with charcoal and planted in separate containers.

Tanks with planted put under diffuse lighting and watered as the soil dries. And from the 15th day after planting they begin to fertilize twice for 30 days.

Oxygen leaf breeding

You can also propagate the flower leaf. To do this, choose a plant not less than 10 cm tall and with at least three leaves.

The leaf is simply cut and placed in the water. Over time, the roots will appear when they become larger, just plant the cuttings in the soil. Water the young flower, and soon it will start to expel the new leaves.

Diseases, pests and other care difficulties

In general, oxalis is resistant to diseases and pests. Problems arise when improper care.

From overwetting the soil may be affected by diseases such as gray mold or fusarium. It is necessary to remove the affected areas and carry out the treatment with a fungicide (for example, foundationol).

Among the pests of Kislitsy are: aphid, scythe, spider mite. First, wash off insects and traces of their activity with soapy water or some water infused with tangerine peels. If they cannot be removed, treat with an insecticide.

  • Oxygen does not open the leaves: it can be triggered by insufficient watering or dry air.
  • Leaf plates fade - waterlogging of the soil or lack of nutrients. If the withering or dropping the leaves occurs in the fall, do not worry, because the plant is preparing for a period of rest.
  • When exposed to direct sunlight on the leaves are burns, after which they dry out.
  • Drying the leaves also provokes dry air or too high temperatures.
  • Leaflets may also dry out during acclimatization.

Oxalis tetraphylla four-leaf oxides or Depppe Oxalis oxalis deppei

Oxalis tetraphylla four-leaf oxides or Deppe Oxylis Oxalis deppei variety Iron Cross photo

The four-blade leaf plates, the heart is maroon, and the edges are green. Inflorescence scarlet. It is this species in Europe that is called clover of happiness.

Useful properties Kislitsy

The plant is capable of exerting antiscorbutic, anthelmintic, wound healing, hemostatic, bile and diuretic action. When arsenic or mercury poisoning is used as an antidote. Also enhances appetite, improves metabolism, eliminates heartburn, vomiting, normalizes the acidity of gastric juice, contributes to lowering blood pressure.

Fresh juice from leaflets of acidic acid is used for neurosis of the heart, fever, stomach cancer, and atherosclerosis. Gruel of fresh leaves applied to purulent wounds, boils, ulcers. For diseases of the kidneys, liver, bladder or gall bladder, gastritis, problems with the cardiovascular system, for rinsing the mouth (stomatitis, diathesis) use drugs in the form of infusions, tinctures and decoctions.

Potassium oxalate gives the leaves a sour taste, so they are used for food. Some varieties are grown specifically for tubers.

Oxygen violet care at home photo

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