During the year, this garden shrub goes almost unnoticed, but it costs him a bloom and the fragrant honey aroma makes passers-by to look around in admiration. How does the jasmine plant reproduce and what kind of care does it need so that it always pleases with its decorative forms and violent spring flowering?
Breeding methods and planting conditions
The high cost, and sometimes the inaccessibility of varietal planting material, forcing gardeners to independently develop the cultivation of the plants they like. There are several ways to reproduce jasmine with its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is worthwhile to dwell on each of them.
- Growing jasmine from seeds
Ripened seeds are harvested from the selected plant and sown before the onset of severe frosts, around the end of November - early December, when there is already 10-15 centimeters of snow on the ground. Small seeds are embedded in the soil at a shallow depth and cover the area with a piece of agrofibre and pine branches. When the snow melts in spring and the soil is saturated with moisture, the seeds will begin to germinate and green shoots will soon appear. Now it is important to provide them with regular watering and protection from the scorching sun until the seedlings are stronger. They can be transplanted to a permanent place no sooner than in a year and a half, when the branches stiffen a little.
Ripened seeds are harvested from the selected plant and sown before severe frosts occur.
The process is quite laborious and laborious, and the young jasmine obtained from seeds will bloom only in six or seven years. But the surviving seedlings will be hardened, cold-resistant, with good immunity, able to resist diseases and pests.
With the rejuvenation of an adult bush or with sanitary pruning, the mother plant gives many new young shoots over the summer. The extra shoots are cut at the root, and the most powerful and promising cuttings bend to the ground in shallow grooves and are fixed at the very base with a wire. The wells are sprinkled with a mixture of sand and soil, plentifully watered and pressed with brick to better preserve moisture. Soon the escape will take root, and after about 5-7 weeks new shoots will appear on it. During the season, cuttings are regularly watered and spuded two or three times, stimulating the development of the root system. In autumn or early spring, the young plant is separated from the parent bush, shortened twigs and transplanted.
This method of reproduction is very fast and effective, but it is applicable only if there is a possibility of caring for layering.
- Getting a young plant from cuttings
The best time for this is the beginning of summer, when the plant is full of vitality, there is still a long period of warmth, and you can appreciate the varietal characteristics by the flowering of the mother plant.Video clip about how to propagate the mite tree, or garden jasmine
For rooting cuttings are suitable for a length of no more than 10-12 centimeters, which do not break if they are bent into a ring. On the cut branches, the lower leaves are cut off, and the rest are cut in half. Root cuttings can be on the garden or in the greenhouse, the main thing is to provide a nourishing, well-drained soil and sufficient sunlight. A transparent cover in the form of a glass jar or a cut-off plastic bottle will create the necessary "greenhouse" microclimate for plant development. From time to time, the cuttings need to be aired, shaded on hot summer days and, of course, watered regularly. As soon as you notice that new buds have appeared at the growth point, it means that the cutting has safely rooted. But you shouldn’t take shelter completely - the tender saplings are still weak and weak. For the winter, they are also recommended to pile up and cover with wood shavings or dry needles, and replant only next year in spring and autumn.
Cultivation and care
For planting jasmine in a permanent place choose sunny areas with fertile soil. And it does not mean that the shrub will not grow on poor soil or in the shade, but in this case, you are unlikely to see abundant fragrant blooming.
Garden jasmine is a bush reaching a height of 1 to 2.5 meters and a crown diameter of up to 2 meters. Consider this by placing it next to other plantings.
The plant is frost-resistant, when grown in the middle lane, only young seedlings need a winter shelter. After transplantation garden jasmine adapts relatively long and blooms only in the third year.
For planting jasmine in a permanent place choose sunny areas with fertile soil
Picking up a fertile site for planting with loose soil and without stagnation of groundwater, further care of jasmine will be easy. Several times over the summer it is necessary to weed weeds, remove shoots and loosen the ground shallowly, providing oxygen access to the roots.
As a spring dressing, it is recommended to use liquid fertilizers applied during irrigation - a mullein infusion or a nitroammofoski mineral complex. After the shrub ottsvetet, make superphosphate, embedding the granules in the soil or wood ash.
Garden jasmine is quite resistant to diseases, but sometimes yellowing of leaves, developmental delays and poor flowering can be noticed - these are signs of chlorosis.The plot of what you need to know for proper fit and care
This disease is usually caused by a lack of magnesium and iron in the soil. Some prophylactic drugs contain large amounts of nitrogen, so experienced gardeners recommend using Orton Micro-Fe.
The main pests of jasmine are mites, aphids, scutes, and thrips. They damage, as a rule, the young parts of the plant, destroying green shoots, buds and leaves. In order to prevent the use of "hot shower", watering the shrub with water 40-45 40C. In the event of infection, it is recommended to treat the plant with appropriate entericidal agents.
Trimming and rejuvenation
With white fragrant inflorescences of snow-white, the bush always looks impressive, but after flowering, jasmine often becomes untidy, with shoots sticking out in all directions and old branches. And sometimes it turns into thick thickets, which in a few years cease to bloom. Therefore, it is important to know how to care for jasmine, so that it would always please the eye. And in this case, only timely pruning and the correct formation of the crown allows you to get a decorative plant at any time of the year.Video about the features of trimming ornamental shrubs
Here are a few rules:
- In the early spring, all branches broken and damaged by snow and frost are cut.
- To give the bush a symmetrical shape shortened too long and strong shoots, thereby stimulating the growth of lateral and annual shoots.
- Old branches and young shoots are removed, which thicken and shade the crown.
- Also, without regret, they remove the branches of the past and the year before that, which will no longer bloom abundantly, but will only draw power from the plant.
- After flowering, branches over 2 years old are also removed and faded inflorescences are cut off so that jasmine does not expend energy for seed ripening.
- For the prevention of infections, it is recommended to process all cuts using clay “mash” or garden var.
Shrub rejuvenation is a radical pruning. In early spring, three or four strongest and relatively young shoots are shortened by 30-40 centimeters, and the remaining branches and shoots are cut at ground level. During the season the plant will give a lot of young shoots, from which a new garden jasmine will be formed.
Houseplants - Jasmine room: planting, growing conditions, basic care
Indoor jasmine: planting, growing conditions, basic care - Houseplants
Jasmine is a perennial, evergreen plant. This is a very beautiful flower with a pleasant rich aroma. Two varieties are grown at home: Sambac and Golotsvetkovy. Due to the long flowering and not difficult care, these varieties have won the hearts of many fans of indoor plants.
The first flower transplant is carried out after the purchase of the plant. Pre-flower stand in room conditions for 10-14 days. During this time, the plant is acclimatized and transplanting will not be a big stress for it. Jasmine at the age of 4 years are transplanted every year. Periodicity for a more adult flower once every 2-3 years.
The Basics of Proper Jasmine Planting
A more favorable period for jasmine transplantation is the beginning of spring. Usually, the flower is transplanted in the first decade of March. Selection of a flower pot. Since indoor jasmine belongs to the plants of medium growth intensity, medium-depth flowerpots are suitable for its growth. The diameter of the pot is selected depending on the previous size.
With each transplant, it increases by 3 cm. The material for making a flowerpot: clay, plastic, glass. Metal containers cannot be used. Prerequisite - the presence of holes for drainage. Priming. For indoor jasmine, light, loose soil with good aeration and moisture permeability is suitable.
Soil mixture can be prepared independently or purchased at the garden store. The composition should be selected in accordance with the age of the plant. For young jasmine, sand, clay-sod and leaf earth are mixed in a ratio of 1: 1: 1. The proportion for an adult is 1: 2: 1. Jasmine does not like alkaline and neutral soils. The acidity index of the soil in the range of pH 6-6.5.
Depth of landing. The root neck of the plant should be recessed into the ground no more than 2-3 cm. With a deeper arrangement, jasmine may not bloom. Planting or transplanting is one of the important points when growing room jasmine. It depends on it the further development of the plant and its external attractiveness.
Lighting and temperature
Jasmine is a light-loving culture, but does not like direct sunlight. The best place for it will be the windows from the east or west side. If the pot is on the south side, direct sunlight is diffused with a transparent fabric. The northern side is absolutely not suitable. In such a place jasmine grows slowly and will not bloom.
In summer, a flowerpot with a flower can be placed on a balcony or on a loggia, but you cannot put a flower under the sun. With a sharp change of place on a lighter, burns may appear on the leaves. Therefore, the light level must be changed gradually.
In winter, the temperature is maintained in the range of 13-17 degrees. At a higher level, spraying should be performed more frequently and the room should be aired regularly. In spring and autumn, a temperature of 18-23 degrees is recommended. In summer it is necessary to ensure that the temperature does not exceed 24 degrees. If the rates are higher, the pot is placed outdoors and is sprayed daily with water.
Room jasmine moisture-loving plant. This flower does not tolerate overdrying earthen coma, but excessive moisture is also unacceptable. When water stagnates, the roots of the flower quickly rot. In the summer, abundant watering is recommended 3-4 times a week.
In spring and autumn, three irrigations per week are enough. In winter, during the flowering period, jasmine is watered every 4-5 days. The rest of the winter season, the flower is watered when the topsoil becomes dry. For irrigation use separated or rain water at room temperature.
Video about indoor jasmine and care for him:
Conditions for growing indoor jasmine can be created in almost any room. Therefore, this flower can be grown not only in residential apartments and houses, but also used as decoration in offices and public spaces.
Cultivation and care activities
It is not difficult to care for indoor jasmine, therefore, to grow a beautiful and flowering plant is possible even for a beginning florist. Jasmine room care is divided into two periods:
- Departure immediately after landing
- Care when growing
After planting or transplanting the flower does not require special care. During this period, it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture and regularly spray the leaves with clean water. Top dressings are brought not earlier than in 2 months. Care when growing an adult plant consists of:
- Regular dressings
- Trimming and shaping
Jasmine should be fed from early spring to early fall. Fertilizers are applied every two weeks. With this feeding, organic and mineral mixtures are alternately used. In autumn, the frequency of feeding once a month. During this period, use complex fertilizers. In winter, jasmine is not fed.
Mulching the top layer of the earth in a flowerpot allows you to slow down the evaporation of moisture, and prevent the land coma from drying out. Also, mulching can significantly reduce the amount of watering. Wood chips, decorative shells and stones are used as mulch.
Pruning jasmine stimulates the growth of new twigs, which allows you to make the aboveground part of the flower more dense. It is held annually, in the last decade of February or in the first decade of March. Weak stalks are shortened by half, strong cut by one third. Short young twigs selectively pinch. Form a jasmine in the form of the liana braiding a support.
As a support, they use ready-made metal or plastic semi-circles or make them independently. The stems are fixed with twine. The main rule of care for indoor jasmine - timeliness.
With insufficient care, the plant loses its attractiveness, weakens and can be affected by pests. Jasmine indoor unpretentious plant and does not require special growing conditions. With it you can not only decorate the room, but also fill it with a unique fresh aroma.
5 important rules for planting indoor jasmine at home
- The first landing is carried out immediately after the acquisition of the flower. To transplant does not become a stress for the plant, it is better to withstand it at room conditions throughout the week. Upon reaching 4 years old, transplantation should be carried out once a year.
- It is best to transplant in mid-spring. The pot should be of medium depth. It is desirable that it was made of plastic or clay.
- For transplanting plants, it is better to use loose soil that will not detain moisture for a long time. Neutral or alkaline soils should not be used.
- When planting, it is not allowed to deepen the root collar more than 3 cm. Otherwise, the blooming of jasmine may be scarce.
- Propagate the plant better layering or cuttings.
In order for the plant to develop It was correct and had external attractiveness. It is important to observe all stages of transplanting and caring for indoor jasmine.
The most famous types of indoor jasmine
- Jasmine Sambac gained its popularity because of the unusual and pleasant aroma. The height of the shrub can reach 3 meters. Jasmine sambac home care does not require much. If you follow all the basic rules of care, perhaps year-round flowering. The flowers are white in color and can be up to 3 cm in diameter. The flowers become purple-pink before withering.
- Polyantum. The second most popular after the variety is sambac. One of the most unpretentious types of jasmine, which for a year can grow up to 2 meters. Small leaves of jasmine equate to the leaves of a fern. The flowers of polyantum are white tubular, a bit like a star. Abundant flowering can continue until the beginning of winter. For the beauty of the flowers, the plant is popularly called the “crown of the bride”.
- Jasmine grandiflora possesses lush flowers. Due to this, their number is much less than on ordinary varieties of jasmine. The length of the hanging vine can reach 3-4 meters. The buds and flowers are only white. Wild flowering begins in March and can last several months.
- Jasmine Bis is a variety of jasmine that has pale pink flowers. The shrub is quite tall. Sometimes the height reaches 5 meters..
Room jasmine: home care
Healthy plant and wild bloom are possible only subject to the rules of care for homemade jasmine.
- Observance of temperature. You should never allow the temperature to drop below 6 ° C. In the summer, the optimum temperature of the content is 18 ° C, in the winter it is not desirable that the temperature rise above 20 ° in order to avoid drying out the soil.
- Lighting mode. The plant loves the bright side of the room, but the scorching summer sun will destroy it. It is better to place it on the east side. If this is not possible, then time to shade from the direct rays of the sun.
- Watering. The amount of moisture required depends on the time of year. In summer and spring, the plant should be watered abundantly. Do not allow complete drying of the soil. Water for irrigation is better to take filtered or rain. It should be at room temperature only.
- Humidity in the room. The plant will not tolerate too dry climate, requires moist air. If the room does not have the appropriate conditions, it is better to use a special air humidifier or spray water from a spray bottle. At the same time, it is important not to allow water drops to fall on the flowers of homemade jasmine.
- Fertilization. This should be done no more than once a month. For indoor jasmine, natural bird droppings are ideal, which need to be drawn and the resulting mixture should be watered. Летом можно увеличить количество подкормок до 2 раз в месяц. Можно использовать для этого и специальные покупные удобрения для цветущих растений.
- Окультуривание куста – обрезка. Такой процедуры достаточно 1 раз в год – весной. Для этого достаточно избавиться от старых, слабых побегов. Некоторые можно просто укоротить. In order to place the cut quickly recovered, it is better to sprinkle them with pounded coal.
- Transplant plants. Each spring, young plants require transplants, but adults can be transplanted every 2-3 years. To do this, choose a pot that will be at least 2-3 cm in diameter larger than the previous one. The bottom should be filled with a good drainage layer, which will save the flower from stagnant water and subsequent decay. The soil can be made independently or buy ready-made in the store.
The most frequent diseases and pests
Experienced gardeners recommend fear of pests such as scab, spider mite, whitefly, aphid, powdery mildew. If several leaves have been infectedin, it is desirable to remove them. In any case, in order to get rid of the disease completely, it is better to arrange a warm flower shower and process it with special chemicals. Most often, such a failure occurs in violation of the conditions of plant care.
Growing home jasmine: possible problems
- Noticeable drying or yellowing of shoots or leaves - lack of moisture in the air or soil.
- The leaves dry and curl - you need to lower the temperature of the room or increase the humidity. You can often spray the plant.
- Slow drying of any parts of the plant - the soil or water quality (temperature) is not suitable for the plant.
- Brown spots on the plant - too frequent contact of the plant with direct sunlight.
- The plant began to wither and fall leaves - lack of moisture in the soil or sunlight, drafts, very dry air.
Tips for those who want to grow indoor jasmine in the house
- To plant every year pleased with a healthy look and abundant flowering, it is better to remove weak shoots every fall. Long is better to shorten by 1/3.
- Re-transplanting the bush can be done by rolling over.
- In order to prevent complete infection of the bush pests, it is better to inspect the plant on a monthly basis in time to remove signs of the disease.
- Room jasmine has ampelous varieties that allow you to create beautiful cascades. The main thing for such plants is to form it correctly and pick up pots.
- When buying indoor jasmine, you need to take into account the fact that the plant emits a fragrance that not everyone tolerates. It can cause headaches. Therefore, in the bedrooms or children's rooms it is better not to use it. It is necessary to take into account the fact that in rare cases allergy to plant flowers is possible.
Jasmine plant description
Jasmine (lat. Jasminum) is an evergreen weakening or liana shrub belonging to the genus Olive (Oleaceae). The place on our planet, where the plant appeared for the first time, remains unexplained. The habitat of jasmine is very wide. The flower is found in South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, and many other places.
The genus includes about 300 species of jasmine. Most of the varieties are shrubs with thin, flexible, tenacious shoots, densely covered with unpaved, juicy-green leaves of oval oblong shape with narrowed, pointed tips. The length of shoots of shrubs can reach 7-10 meters.
As they grow, long shoots diverge around and fall to the ground, creating a lush, sprawling bush.
When jasmine blooms (in which month)
Blossom jasmine begins in spring (end of April, beginning of May) and flowering can last almost all summer. Depending on the variety, the flowers can be single or gathered in inflorescences. The shape of flowers is simple, tubular and terry. Jasmine flowers look very elegant and perfectly harmonize with its bright aroma.
The color of flowers is more white, but there are creamy shades of petals, pink, yellow.
Why does not bloom indoor jasmine
The reasons for the lack of flowers are many and each of them is a mistake in care.
- The plant grows in full shade - scanty and not long flowering.
- The plant in the room grows at a stable temperature - the shrub will not blossom on time or not magnificently. Need a sequence of temperatures.
- In fertilizing a surplus of nitrogen - it has a negative effect on flowering.
In our area, jasmine is often confused with the jug. Visually, the bushes are really very similar and the aroma of their flowers can be distinguished only by comparing at the same time. But chubushnik belongs to a different plant species and is a deciduous shrub.
In nature, there is a wide variety of jasmine species, but not many of them are adapted for cultivation at home. Consider what species are common in our area.
- J. grandiflora. It often goes on sale under the name jasmine polyanthum. One of the most common shrubs grown in open areas. The length of the vines reaches 8-10 m. The leaves on the shoots are opposite, have an elliptical shape with a sharp tip, about 3-4 cm in length. Flowers of simple form are white, large, gathered in inflorescences of 7-10 pieces, very fragrant. The bloom begins in early summer and tsvetononosit until October.
- J. golotsvetkovy. A shrub 3-4 m tall has drooping thin shoots. The leaves of the plant are very small and few. The bush begins to bloom in winter, at the end of January through the end of spring. The flowers are medium-sized bright yellow, densely covered with almost bare shoots, creating a beautiful decorative appearance. This is one of the most cold-resistant types of jasmine.
- J. Multicolored. Not very large shrub, with a length of shoots of 1.5-2 meters. Oblong leaves slightly wavy at the edges, up to 5 cm long, densely cover shoots. In spring, five-blade tubular flowers are formed on the tips of the shoots; they are collected in inflorescences of 5-7 pieces. The buds have a pink tint; when opened, the flowers are white.
- J. Bis. The plant loves moisture and often grows on the banks of reservoirs, at the height of mountains, where it often rains. Slightly curly vines grow up to 2 m. Dense green leaves of a lanceolate form are arranged oppositely. Simple flowers have a pink-purple hue, and are located at the tips of shoots of 1-3 pieces. Blossom usually begins in May.
- J. Medicinal. The shoots of the shrub thin, climbing, the leaves are arranged in pairs, have a oblong-lanceolate form. The flowers are tubular, pyatilepestkovye, white, collected in umbrella inflorescences of 5-8 pieces. It blooms from April to late August.
- J. Sambak (Arabian). Jasmine Sambac is more like a tree. He has a stiff branched stalk, densely covered with glossy green leaves ovate with a pointed end. Flowers can be formed singly or with umbrellas of 3 pieces. The shape of the flower is simple, but there are also terry species, the color is white. Blossoms very copiously from March to mid-autumn.
- J. finest. This variety of jasmine is distinguished by medium-sized flowers with thin petals, collected in umbrellas inflorescences. The height of the shrub can reach 1,1,5 m. Flowering begins early, in January-February and lasts until April.
Jasmine: planting and care in the open field for a plant at home
Jasmine can be grown at home as a houseplant, but here it is worth considering one fact: the flowers have a very strong aroma, and the bush blooms for a long time. Such an intense odor in an apartment can cause headaches, sometimes even nausea, and seizures can occur in allergy sufferers and asthmatics. Therefore, it is still recommended to plant the culture in an open area or in a spacious room with good ventilation.
So, consider the rules for the care of jasmine at home.
The choice of location, lighting
The plant needs abundant but diffused light. A place in the room where direct sunlight only in the morning or in the evening will be perfect. Planting a flower on the street, choose areas that are in the shade during the day. If there is no suitable half-shadow zone in the house, then the window can always be applied with a light curtain.
To protect jasmine from the scorching sun growing on the street, put screens. In regions where summer is not too hot and sunny, you can not care about shading the bushes. It is also impossible to leave a culture in full shadow, it will grow very slowly, it will grow poorly and not so long.
Despite the fact that the native land of the plant is tropical and subtropical zones, jasmine tolerates cold. It has been cultivated for so long in various climatic zones that common species have adapted to cold and heat.
In summer, the optimum air temperature for shrubs is 20-28 ° C. He will withstand higher rates if he is well watered and protected from the direct rays of the sun. In winter, the culture that grows on the street needs root insulation. If the winters in the region are severe, the bush is recommended to cover the greenhouse.
With mild winters, when the air temperature does not fall below -10 ° C, it is possible not to warm the jasmine at all, only to throw some dry leaves or hay on the zone of its rhizome.
Flowers growing in a room environment can easily exist at a stable temperature. But in this case, the shrub will not blossom in time or not magnificently. In order to maintain the natural cycle of the plant, it should be placed in a cooler temperature (+ 8-12 ° C) for the winter, and in the spring again put in a warm room.
Growing jasmine at home, it is very important to monitor the freshness of the air. Culture does not tolerate stuffiness, the room should be regularly ventilated.
The plant prefers a slightly increased humidity, although it can live in a dry climate. Care at home for jasmine involves spraying. In the summer it is recommended to spray the bush with soft, warm water 3-4 times a week. Spraying is carried out early in the morning or in the evening, when there is no active ultraviolet, otherwise the leaves and flowers can get burned.
In winter, jasmine is kept away from heating devices. If the house has a microclimate with low humidity, then it is recommended to place containers with water near the flower pots.
Room jasmine has thin, creeping shoots, oblong oval leaves with a glossy surface on short petioles. The flowers are tubular, white or yellow color, simple or terry with a delicate aroma.
Flower growers believe that indoor jasmine is a real jasmine, whereas in the wild, in the gardens and parks there is a chubushnik that has the same white and fragrant flowers.
At home, most often grown several types of jasmine:
- Jasmine golotsvetkovy, with white flowers in the form of asterisks.
- Jasmine Arabian home with glossy oval leaves and white flowers, which at the end of flowering become reddish.
- Tuscan jasmine, with many branched thin shoots, small trifoliate leaves and fragrant small flowers of yellow Kohler. This kind of jasmine blooms in spring and summer.
- Jasmine grandiflora - an ampelous plant with long branches, feathery leaves, consisting of 7 oblong dark green leaves, and white fragrant flowers in the form of tubules. It can be planted in hanging pot.
- Jasmine Sambac - differs ability to bloom all year round. The flowers are not very large, reddish and very fragrant. They are used as aromatic additives for teas.
- Multifloric jasmine, or polyanthum jasmine - ampelnoe, climbing plant. In 1993, a multi-flowered jasmine was awarded the Award of Garden Merit (AGM) Award by the Royal Horticultural Society.
Multi-flowered jasmine can be grown at home as a houseplant, which is used to heal ulcers and wounds, reduce lactation, treat headaches, and nervous diseases. Eastern medicine uses the anesthetic properties of the plant and its ability to relieve stress and depression. The flowers of this jasmine can also be added to tea.
On the basis of these species, a variety of hybrid varieties suitable for growing at home has been developed.
Growing jasmine at home is only possible if its strong aroma does not cause allergies in anybody in the house.
Jasmine - landing and care at home is an exciting experience with excellent results. His beautiful white flowers are unlikely to leave anyone indifferent, the main thing is to choose the right place, and properly care for him.
Jasmine is a light-loving plant, at home it is better to put a pot with a flower on the window sill from the south, southeast or southwest side. So he will be beautiful and richly bloom.
In summer, in extreme heat, it is necessary to shade it, protect it from strong rays of the sun, which can cause sunburn on the leaves and reduce the decorativeness of the flowers. If possible, in the warm season, the flower is carried out onto the street, but they do not place it under the direct rays of the sun for a long time. By the new conditions houseplants should be taught gradually.
At home, in winter, there is no need for special heating for the plant; it feels good at room temperature. Jasmine blooming in winter should be additionally illuminated with phytolamp or fluorescent light.
If your species of jasmine stops blooming in the fall and becomes dormant, it can be kept indoors with a temperature of 10-15 degrees, or at a normal household temperature. When the rest period for jasmine is over, it is transferred to a warmer room, begin to feed and water more often.
In spring and summer, jasmine is watered often, the soil in the pot should always be wet. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that home-grown jasmine does not like excessive wetting either, so it will be right to water it in small portions, depending on the condition of the soil. Watering is reduced in the fall, but if jasmine blooms all year round, you need to care for it equally throughout the year.
Water for jasmine must be separated or filtered, sometimes it is slightly acidified with citric acid, lemon juice (2-3 drops per cup of water) or other organic acids.
Jasmine is not indifferent to high humidity, in the hot season it is often necessary to spray it with warm, soft water.
Feed jasmine at home with special fertilizers for flowering plants 1 time in 7-10 days.
Jasmine pruning done in early spring. At this time, long shoots are shortened by a third, cut off the dried and weak branches. This procedure will contribute to the improvement of the plant, and its better flowering.
As for transplants - for young plants, this procedure is carried out every year, as they grow quickly, their root system develops quickly and the old pot becomes small for them. Plants in the age can be transplanted 1 time in 3-4 years. When can jasmine be transplanted? The best time for transfers is March.
In the pot must be a drainage hole and a layer of drainage. Soil mixture is prepared at home from turf land, leaf earth and river sand, you need to plant a flower in a slightly larger pot. Lime jasmine does not tolerate in any form, it should be remembered by those who intend to grow it on the windowsill.
To grow jasmine at home from scratch, use two methods - cuttings or air layering. Home-grown jasmine is not grown at home, as anything other than what is needed can grow from seeds of hybrid types of jasmine. However, as an experiment, you can try to grow jasmine from seeds purchased in the online store, if their quality is not in doubt.
Reproduction cuttings are cut from the ends of the branches; they must be half lignified and have three internodes. The lower leaves are cut, and the rest are slightly shortened, and placed in a substrate of leaf earth, sand and peat.
Capacity with cuttings can be put in a warm bright place, or covered with a film, which is removed every day for several hours in order to water and air the cuttings. In a separate pot, cuttings can be planted after rooting - in 3-4 weeks.
Reproduction by air layouts - for this, choose one or two strong shoots, and drop them in other pots, after removing the leaves. The soil in these containers should be wet, but feed layers together with the parent plant. When the branches rooted in a new place, they are cut off from the base and grown as independent plants.
Pests and diseases
Jasmine room must be protected from diseases and pests. Diseases often develop due to improper care, when the first signs of illness appear, you need to think about what you are doing wrong.
Insects pests on jasmine and other indoor flowers can get with vegetables, fruits, clothing or thanks to a pet. The most dangerous for jasmine are aphid, spider mite and weevil. All of them feed on the sap of the plant, as a result of which the leaves become deformed, turn yellow and fall off.
If there are few insects, they can be washed off with hot water with a temperature of 35-37 degrees, covering the soil in the pot with a film. At the same time it is necessary to rinse the leaves on both sides, because the spider mite hides from the wrong side of the leaves.
If insect colonies become too large, the plant should be sprayed with insecticides or folk remedies. For example, infusion of potato tops, which is prepared from 2 kg of green tops and 10 liters of water. Water is not boiled, the infusion is cold, after 10 hours it is filtered and used for its intended purpose.
From aphids, spider mites and some other pests apply a decoction of yarrow. Его готовят из 2 кг сырой травы и 3 литров воды. Траву кипятят 40 минут, затем доливают воду до 10 литров и дают настояться. Настоем тысячелистника цветы опрыскивают три раза с интервалом в 5 дней.
Горчичный настой позволяет избавить жасмин от тли, гусениц и долгоносика. 600 грамм зеленой массы горчицы измельчают и заливают ведром воды. Настой не кипятят, настаивают 48 часов, а затем фильтруют и применяют для обработки. Insect repellent can be made from dry mustard, dissolving 20 grams of powder in 1 liter of water.
Real jasmines and their elegant beauty
Beautiful jasmines during their flowering seem almost unearthly handsome. Formed on various supports or freely growing, but always elegant, they are a kind of canon of impeccable beauty. There is a lot of confusion with the name "jasmine". And today, some gardeners believe that indoor or greenhouse and garden jasmines are related plants, and they are all genuine. But in fact, the shrub that we grow in gardens under the name of jasmine has a completely different origin. Chubushnik, which is customary and even fashionable in our country to call jasmine (even some large garden centers do not hesitate to give a nickname for the generic name), belongs to the family of Kamenomlkovykh and can be called jasmine only by mistake. In fact, a pleasant strong aroma, similar to the smell of the legendary jasmine, is the only feature that combines greenhouse plants with garden "impostors". But if you even compare the flavors of the two plants, the difference in shades and nuances becomes apparent. And the white fragrant flowers of the chubushnika, which is grown in parks and gardens, are not at all similar to the perennial evergreen shrub belonging to the real jasmine.
Real, or authentic jasmines represent the Olive family. And their affiliation is easy to guess by the foliage of the plant and the forms of growth. Without exception, jasmines are evergreen shrubs, belonging to a number of climbing vines. Thin and surprisingly flexible, clinging shoots of this plant are necessary to provide support for the formation of a beautiful and dense bush. Drooping branches are actively developing, quickly braiding and hiding support, thanks to which, when forming, the plant looks like a lush dense bush (the base that holds all the shoots together, as a rule, is almost imperceptible). This is a typical southern plant found in the tropics and subtropics, in the Mediterranean, Australia and South America. The leaves of jasmine are very beautiful. Entirely extreme, ideal oval-oblong shape with a pointed tip, they sit on short petioles in pairs, forming a very spectacular classic evergreen crown. Jasmine flowers seem simple and noble at the same time. Tubular, simple or terry, they have deeply dissected, widely open rims, divided into 6 petals, under which there is almost no visible cylindrical tube. Axillary flowers are collected in the scutes of the inflorescences located in the axils of the leaves. The color palette of flowers, despite the fact that shining white and cream shades have long been considered classic and have become a symbol of all jasmine, also includes yellow, pink variations in a wide variety of tones.
In room culture, several species of jasmine, usually differing in bloom and very similar in structure to the bushes, the type of leaves and shoots, have become popular. The most popular indoor plants include these types of jasmine:
Multiflorous Jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum), distinguished by its strong branching from other species. This is a magnificent curly shrub. It reaches a height of 1.5-2 m. The oval, with a pointed edge, the leaves are alternately arranged, they are decorated with a slightly wavy edge and a dark green color. Numerous tubular flowers, limb which is divided into 5 blades, are collected in loose apical inflorescences. Special charm to this species adds the fact that brightly colored pink buds turn white when blooming. But the most popular multi-flowered jasmine makes the fragrance stronger than any other species (easily felt even at a distance). This jasmine blooms from February to August. Today, Jasmin’s subtlest (Jasminum gracillimum), previously identified as an independent species, is also attributed to this species, although it looks a little different from the basic form. It is a compact liana with very thin, necessarily lowered shoots, very simple leaves up to 3.5 cm long with a heart-shaped base, the underside of the bottom and a more unusual green color - light green. But the main difference is in flowers. In the former, the thinnest, and today not even considered as a separate form of a multi-flowered jasmine, flowers are gathered in umbrellas of inflorescences, the rim is divided into 8 pointed lanceolate “petals”. In diameter, multi-flowered jasmine flowers reach 2.5 cm and bloom in January-March.
Multiflorous jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum). © Tim Waters
Jasmine grandiflora (Jasminum grandiflorum) - majestic, in nature, a vine reaching 10 m in height with absolutely bare shoots. Cirrus, oppositely located leaves differ from other species not only in dark color, but also in an elliptical shape with a pointed tip. Flowers are collected on the tops of shoots in umbrellas in the amount of up to 10 pieces, appear in fairly large quantities evenly from June to October. In this type of jasmine limb is divided into 5 petals, and the flowers themselves are very fragrant and white.
Jasmine grandiflora (Jasminum grandiflorum). © Srichakra Pranav
Jasmine bisa (Jasminum beesianum) - evergreen shrub liana with shoots covered with longitudinal grooves up to 2 m long. Simple, lanceolate, oppositely located leaves in length reach 5 cm and stand out with a light, almost imperceptible edge and a rich dark green color, brighter than in other species. The flowers are pink or dark pink, very fragrant, bloom on the tops of the shoots, gathering in whorls up to 3 pieces. In diameter, the flowers of this species reach 2 cm. It blooms in May, shorter than other species.
Jasmine Bis (Jasminum beesianum). © dobbies
Jasmine golotsvetkovy (Jasminum nudiflorum) differs from other types of indoor jasmine by weaker branching, rare foliage of graceful shoots. The leaves are small, painted in bright green and, as a rule, fall in the winter or remain in very small quantities. The color of the flowers is dazzling yellow, they are rather large, more than 3 cm in diameter, bloom in the leaf axils only one at a time, but they appear from January to April and along the entire length of the stem. This type of jasmine got the eloquent nickname “winter jasmine”.
Jasmine holotsvetkovy (Jasminum nudiflorum). © Nobuhiro Suhara
Jasmine Sambuck (Jasminum sambac) - the most unpretentious, easy-to-grow type of jasmine, which is suitable for warm wintering. In nature, shoots grow up to 6 m in length. His shoots, unlike the rest of the jasmine, are pubescent and woody. Oppositely located leaves are sometimes collected in whorls of 3 pieces each, ovate, reaching 10 cm in length. The rounded base is almost imperceptible, but the top can be both pointed and dull. Leaf cover ranges from glossy to slightly lowered. Very fragrant large flowers are collected in clusters of 3-5 clusters, most often semi-double or terry, painted exclusively white. The flowering of this jasmine lasts from March to October, unusually long. In appearance, double flowers resemble camellias or semi-double roses rather than other jasmines.
Jasmine Sambac (Jasminum sambac). © Alexey Yakovlev
Care for indoor jasmine at home
This room vine is “paid” for an unusually strong aroma, abundant flowering and beauty of greenery requires a considerable price. Jasmine can not be called even moderately demanding indoor plants. This is not the most stable and quite capricious culture, which, even with standard careful care, can still suffer and die. And sometimes to find the cause of withering jasmine is very difficult. For jasmine, you must strictly control the growing conditions, monitor the stability of the environment, carefully check the degree of soil moisture and humidity. The slightest disturbance of parameters that are comfortable for a plant, even if it is not obvious at first glance, can lead to serious consequences. So this magnificent classical plant can be advised only to experienced flower growers who are able to sensitively notice and promptly react to any problems.
Jasmine, like most tropical plants prone to abundant flowering, belongs to the light-loving crops. He is not only for the release of a large number of flowers over a long period of time, but also for the normal development of the shoots and leaves need good lighting. At the same time jasmine does not tolerate direct sunlight, and the southern, sunny locations in the rooms will not be comfortable for him. It is best to place jasmine on the eastern and western window sills or in similar lighting locations in the interior. With this location there is no need to protect the vine from the midday sun with a screen even during the summer. Artificial lighting, like any shading, jasmine does not stand. For the rest period, falling out in the majority of jasmines at the end of autumn, the plants do not need to be corrected for lighting, and some species completely discard their leaves.
Multiflorous jasmine (Jasminum polyanthum). © floradania
To temperatures, jasmines are relatively not demanding. They feel quite comfortable in ordinary room temperature ranges, the content at 21-25 degrees of heat or slightly higher during the entire stage of active development will be quite comfortable for jasmines. Lowering the temperature below 16 degrees in summer or spring can significantly harm the plant. As for the wintering period, different types of jasmine should be kept in different conditions. Warm wintering does not affect the abundance of flowering only in jasmine sambac, which prefers to spend the entire rest period at a temperature of 17 to 18 degrees, with a maximum allowable temperature of 20 degrees and a minimum of 16 degrees. All other types of jasmine bloom profusely only if they are provided with cool conditions during the entire phase of preparation for flowering. The optimum temperature range is from 8 to 10 degrees. Lowering to 6 degrees can ruin jasmine. When the jasmine is kept warm in winter, it is still possible to achieve quite spectacular flowering, but not abundant and short. With such a wintering need to adjust care and maintain high humidity in order for jasmine to somehow bloom next year.
Watering and humidity
The intensity of irrigation for jasmine depends on the rate of growth, the stage at which the plant resides. In the spring and summer, all jasmines need quite intense and abundant procedures. Watering is carried out after the top layer of the substrate dries out and does not allow the soil to completely dry out or overmoisten. A strategy with constant monitoring of soil moisture is ideal from the point of view that this creates a more stable environment for jasmine. In the fall and winter, especially during cool wintering, watering for jasmines should be as careful as possible. Do not allow excessive waterlogging of the substrate. It is lower humidity - the basis of care, responsible for abundant flowering. Even if jasmine is kept warm, watering must be reduced, allowing partially dry out and the middle layer of soil in the pots, maintaining only the light moisture of the substrate. At the same time, watering should be reduced at least for a month, gradually transferring jasmine to the “cautious” mode.
Special attention should be paid to water quality. Jasmine needs watering not only soft and separated, but also slightly lukewarm water, this plant doesn’t like supercooling of the substrate. For jasmine, it is best to use rainwater, boiled or filtered water. Lime plants tolerate extremely poorly and simply choosing a substrate with the correct response to jasmine is not enough. To compensate for the effect of salts in water on plants, 1-3 times a month instead of regular water for irrigation of jasmine, you must use acidified water. It is enough to add a few crystals of citric acid or 4-5 drops of lemon juice to 1 liter of water. If you do not increase the acidity of the substrate and do not take such measures, the plant will develop depressed and poorly bloom.
Without exaggeration, it is considered the most difficult to care for jasmine to ensure the highest possible humidity. In dry conditions, plants not only do not bloom, but also suffer from pests and diseases, are in a depressed state, gradually dying. At the same time, it is desirable for jasmine to combine several methods of increasing the humidity of the air. They just adore spraying, especially in the summer, when the air temperature exceeds the optimum performance. Daily procedures with soft, separated water from a fine sprayer help to maintain the greenery in perfect condition and allow to achieve maximum beauty of the crown. During flowering, spraying is not stopped, but they try to prevent water from falling on the flowers, increasing the distance from the plants when spraying. But in order to maintain optimal humidity, it is better to supplement classical procedures with the installation of humidifiers or their artisanal counterparts, for example, pallets with moist moss or pebbles under a pot with jasmine itself. During the cool wintering, jasmine is not sprayed and does not take other measures to increase the humidity of the air. If plants are kept in warm conditions (except for sambac), then the humidity of the air should be increased even in comparison with summer, by resorting to additional measures and making the procedures more frequent. This is the only guarantee that jasmine blooms after a dormant period.
Jasmine white (Jasminum officinale). © Javier martin
If the plant is in a depressed state, drops the leaves, dries out, and the alleged reason for this is low air humidity, then it can be placed under a cap for several days (from 4 days to 2 weeks) with daily ventilation.
Top dressing for jasmine
Actively developing jasmine during the stage of rapid vegetation and flowering needs very frequent feeding. For this plant use special complex fertilizers intended for flowering houseplants. The frequency of feedings during the period of active growth is 1 time per week. Immediately after flowering, dressing is stopped and resumed only when the first signs of growth begin to appear. Jasmines do not respond well to long-acting fertilizers, so it’s better for them to prefer the classical liquid dressing method.
Jasmine, like most evergreen vines, perfectly tolerates formation. And it is by no means reduced to the direction of the shoots along the supports, imparting the desired outlines and sizes with the help of their fastening and weaving to the bushes. For jasmine and a perfect haircut, while the more often it is carried out, the better and more blooming jasmine. The main pruning of plants is carried out immediately before the onset of intensive growth (most often in spring, but focusing on the flowering time and vegetation stage - for jasmins that bloom in winter, they are cut at the beginning of the active development stage in late autumn), shortening all shoots by 1/3 or 1 / 2 lengths. Thanks to this pruning plant produces a greater number of young lateral branches, which are formed buds. When pruning, you must completely remove all elongated shoots, twigs with too small deformed leaves, as well as dry and damaged shoots. Young jasmines, if the shoots do not reach up to 50-60 cm, need only pinching the tops for more tillering. Jasmine sambac for the year can be cut 2-3 times, conducting a constant shortening of the branches for the formation and thickening of the crown. The rest of the jasmine can be content with a single haircut.
Jasmine flowery (Jasminum floridum). © monrovia
Transplant and substrate for jasmines
For jasmine, only earth mixture with neutral, in the extreme case slightly acidic, characteristics (optimal pH - 6.0) is suitable. No less important than the reaction of the soil is its composition. Jasmine can develop only in loose and high-quality, nutritious dredger. When self-mixing the substrate, it is necessary to measure in equal proportions clay-sod soil with hardwood, peat and sand. But it is better to use ready-made universal substrates for jasmine, which are better suited for their texture.
Jasmine transplantation is performed annually only at a very young age. Adult plants are transferred to new containers with a frequency of 2-3 years. The transplant procedure itself is fairly simple. The main task is to lay down a thick layer of drainage and ensure that the plants have a high humidity after this procedure.
It is worth paying attention to the fact that for any jasmine the diameter of the tank cannot be increased by more than 2-3 cm. The presence of too much free soil is for the plant the most serious risk of acidification of the soil and disturbance of the comfortable air and water permeability of the substrate. At the same time, jasmine develops better if its roots almost completely fill the substrate.
Diseases and pests of jasmins
Капризность жасмина сполна проявляется и в том, что это растение является очень уязвимым для вредителей при малейших нарушениях ухода. На жасминах встречаются и паутинные клещи, и тля, и листовые долгоносики. При этом борьба с вредителями должна начаться как можно раньше. Лучше всего удалять поврежденные побеги и профилактически опрыскивать растение для предупреждения распространения вредителей. При этом в качестве мер борьбы лучше сначала попробовать биологические способы, а также обмывание мыльным раствором, и только в запущенном состоянии прибегать к инсектицидам.
Жасмин многоцветковый. © floradania
Common problems in growing:
- dropping leaves when watering, drying the substrate, drafts, insufficient lighting or low humidity,
- drying of the tips of young branches and leaves with low humidity or drying of the soil,
- gradual drying of the branches with the wrong selection of water for irrigation, accumulation of alkali in the soil, the absence of acidifying irrigation.