Clematis are very popular among gardeners. And not in vain. After all, the flowering period they lasts from June to September. And the varieties are very diverse. At one time on some varieties can bloom several hundred flowers. And on some flowers can be up to 20 cm in diameter. A variety of colors will not leave anyone indifferent. There are varieties of bush, and there are curly, which are perfect for planting hedges or gazebos. For amateur gardeners, it is important to know how to plant clematis.
When to plant
It is recommended, as a rule, to plant clematis in the fall in the southern regions and in the spring in the north. Planting clematis in the spring begins in April-May, when the optimum temperature is established.
To choose the date of landing is important and the state of the root system of the plant. Landing can be carried out only with well-developed roots. If the roots are weak enough, then it is better to plant the plant on the window sill or in the greenhouse to gain strength.
If the roots of the plant are good, then you need to have time to plant clematis, until the buds begin to blossom. To do this, the time is right in late April or early May. But the kidneys must be swollen so that the plant does not have a biological rhythm. Otherwise the risk is highthat the plant does not survive the winter.
If the plant was grown in greenhouse or room conditions, then you need to wait until the end of May, when the threat of frost has passed.
Selection of planting material
The selection of material for planting should be given special attention. After all, it depends on this time and the abundance of flowering plants. There are two ways of reproduction of clematis: seedlings or seeds.
Gardeners, thinking about how to plant clematis in spring with seeds, mistakenly believethat it is very difficult. In fact, it is quite simple. They must be sown directly into the ground to a depth of about 1 centimeter in April.
Shoots appear unevenly. Scatter can be from 18 to 40 days. It is advisable to plant the plant at home in special boxes.
You can pre-soak the seeds in a solution of growth stimulant. For faster germination, a soil temperature of +30 degrees is desirable. When the first seedlings appear, they need to be provided with heat and light.
When the first true leaf appears on the plants, they must be dived. They must be located at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other. As soon as young seedlings gain strength and get stronger, they can be landed on a permanent place.
It is desirable that at this time there was a cool weather. Good plants will take root at landing in late May to late June. After this, plants need to pinch over the second pair of leaves. Thanks to this procedure, clematis will begin to branch actively.
When buying ready seedlings, you need to pay attention to the following:
- mechanical damage to the plant is unacceptable,
- the plant must have at least five roots,
- there should be one shoot in the spring sapling, and in the autumn there should be at least two,
- The best time to buy a seedling is September.
- if possible, it is better to buy a two-year plant with a closed root system.
When choosing clematis, it is necessary to take into account the climatic conditions of your region. The choice of a grade depends on it. Gardeners distinguish clematis on a color shade of flowers:
- violet - less demanding care
- red - more whimsical,
- whites - the most demanding to care.
In central Russia, preference is better given to varieties that do not require winter shelter. For beginner amateur gardeners, it is better to choose varieties that bloom on last year's shoots. Although the flowers on them are often smaller, but blooms abundant. Especially popular varieties are Pink, Memm, Blue Bird, Flamingo, Rosie O’Grady, Maidwell Hall.
Experienced growers can grow varieties that bloom twice. The first - in the spring on the shoots of last year, and the second - in the autumn on the new shoots of the current year. The most common varieties are Joan of Arc, President, Hope, Multi Blu, Ballerina, Joan Picton, Helly Moser.
When spring plant clematis
The most favorable time for planting clematis when buds wake up. In central Russia, it begins in May. It is at this time you can plant young seedlingsrooted cuttings and layering. But the landing pit should be prepared in the autumn.
Before planting, in a day, thoroughly spill a hole with water. You may need up to 2-3 buckets. When planting especially careful you need to be with the roots. Clematis is very sensitive to damage.
For this reason, it is better to purchase plants with a closed root system.
Choosing a place
Clematis can sit in one place for up to 25 years. Therefore, his choice should be taken very carefully. Preferred for clematis sunny place. In the shade, flowering will be sluggish or not at all. But the roots are more comfortable in the shade. They do not tolerate overheating.
An open place where the wind will blow should not be chosen for planting vines. He will destroy not only flowers, but also young shoots. A place where water will drain from rooftops to plantbetter not to use either.
If with the help of clematis it is planned to plant the wall, then it is better to place it at a distance of half a meter from the building. In this case, the shoots will need to be placed on a support.
Preparing for planting
When the landing site is selected, it is necessary to prepare the wells:
- the size of the holes for planting clematis 60h60h70 am,
- if planting of several plants is supposed, then it is better to drip not a hole, but a groove,
- At the bottom of the hole you need to put a layer of about 15 cm of broken brick, gravel or expanded clay. Clematis is very sensitive to stagnant water,
- clean the soil from weeds and mix with peat, sand and manure in equal proportions. Additionally, you can make a liter of ash and 100 g of complex fertilizer,
- adult plants need to be dug into the soil by 10 cm, and young plants by 5 cm,
- if the planting group, then observe the distance between the plants at least 1 meter.
How to help Clematis grow
Clematis itself will grow long enough. But there are techniques by which You can speed up this process:
- Prune well and regularly.
- In the first year after planting, cut off all the buds to strengthen the root system and stimulate the growth of new shoots.
- Pinch the tip on the main runaway in the first year.
Watering and feeding
For clematis is very important amount of moisture. Its roots do not tolerate drought and stagnant water. But its roots should always be wet. And the older the plant, the more water it needs. Its disadvantage will affect the size of the flowers.
Spring and summer must be watered once in 5-10 days. If the weather is hot, then once every three days. In this case, you need to water abundantly, so that the earth was well soaked and the moisture reached the roots. When watering can not get a stream of water on the central part.
During planting, you can dig a few pieces of plastic pipe with a slope towards the roots. So the water will flow exactly where it is needed, and not spread over the surface.
For these purposes, you can use plastic five-liter bottles with a cut off bottom. Even through such designs it is convenient to feed the plants.
For clematis, top dressing is very important. After all, they bloom profusely and every year they renew again almost all the green mass.
It is necessary to conduct additional feeding at least twice a month.. It is advisable to use fertilizers in liquid form after watering.
Garter and shelter for the winter
For many varieties, it is necessary to direct the growth of vines. For this spring, the plant must be tied to a support. In time, he will start braiding himself.
Only clematis of the Integrifolia group is not able to wind around the supports independently. He needs constant help in the garter gardener.
But even an adult flower must be periodically sent in the right direction. Otherwise, the vines can be very confused.
In the autumn clematis must cover. This should be done with the onset of the first frost in dry weather..
Use for this can be dry soil, peat or sand. The layer must be at least 15 centimeters in height.
You can use the air method. To do this, you can build a wire elevation above a plant or use a crate. Lay a layer of tar, film or roofing felt on top.
In the autumn, before the onset of frost, creepers must be cut. This is done to stimulate growth. shoots and subsequent abundant flowering. It is necessary to do the procedure every year.
Varieties that bloom twice a season should also be cut twice. The first time is in the middle of summer, when the shoots of last year are fading. The second time in the fall, when new shoots will bloom. At the same time last year's shoots can be cut to the ground.
The varieties that bloom on last year's shoots must be cut before hiding for the winter. Cut the shoots on which the seeds were formed. You can also remove weak shootsif there are a lot of them.
After answering the question of how to plant clematis, gardeners can decorate their garden with different colors. If everything is done correctly when planting, then clematis will please with abundant flowering. If you approach responsibly to care for him, then he will delight with his appearance for years.
What seedling to buy for planting clematis
Most often clematis shoots (saplings) are purchased in garden stores or in nurseries. Such plants are sold in special packages that preserve the roots with the soil. And they begin to sell them in winter, and the choice of plants is simply huge. Closer to spring on the shelves you will find significantly fewer clematis varieties.
If you bought a sapling with dormant buds, on which there are no leaves yet, then simply put it in a cool room. and store there until it is time to place the plant in the open ground. If the leaves have already hatch on the seedling, then just put the plant on the window sill and look after it like a regular flower before planting.
Water, loosen, make sure that it is not burned by the sun on the southern window. At the same time note that the clematis seedling with dormant buds can be planted in open ground in late April. and even a little earlier, as it is more useful for the roots.
But the seedling, which has leaves on the shoots, you need to plant only then. when the threat of spring night frosts finally passes. Otherwise, your flower will not take root, and freeze.
How to choose a place for planting clematis
For clematis, it is best to choose a well-lit sunny place. However, if you live in a region where it is too dry and there is little rain, the plant risks dying out. In this case, it is preferable to choose a penumbra or the north side. Then clematis will feel more comfortable.
It is not necessary in the hot summer to plant clematis near metal structures such as a fence. He simply “cooks” there. Also, you should not plant clematis in that part of your site where the soil is too wet, for example, in lowlands.
Clematis loves watering. but categorically does not tolerate when its roots remain in water for a long time.
It is highly desirable to choose a place in the garden so that your clematis is closed to the wind.
Not only that clematis just does not like drafts. so its branches with large flowers easily break from a strong wind. This circumstance must be taken into account when planting clematis in the spring.
Clematis is not very demanding on the composition of the soil, but it is better that it is not too acidic, in this case the plant blooms a little worse.
The best conditions. which you can provide to this luxurious plant in your garden - choose a sunny, well-lit, but not direct sunlight, dry place with a light, nutritious ground for planting clematis in the spring.
If you do decide to plant it near a wall or wooden fence, make sure that the roots are not closer to the wall than 50 - 70 cm.
How to plant clematis
The most important rule of planting clematis - it is necessary to carry out such planting with a strong deepening of the seedling.
The root system should be at least 10 cm in the ground. This is a basic requirement that must be observed when planting a sapling. If this is not done, clematis will not grow and bloom as you would like, even if you plant it on the right place and you will water well.
Therefore, be sure to keep this in mind when planting in an open field. It is clear that to comply with this requirement you will need to dig a deep enough pit for planting. At the same time pay attention to the soil of your site.
If you have good land, it is enough to prepare just a deep pit for clematis, taking into account the requirement for root penetration. If you have loam, you need to dig a really large pit 0.5 mx 0.5 m in size for proper planting of clematis and good growth.
Pour into this pit nutrient mixture, about half. There should be land, peat, humus, some sand, ash and mineral fertilizer. Clematis generally love ash. It is desirable to scatter it under a bush at any time during the entire summer season, and even water the plant with a solution of ash.
Stir this substance thoroughly, so that all the components are evenly mixed. After this, put the clematis seedling together with a clod of earth into this pit, deepening at least 10 cm.
When spring planting clematis need to fill the hole with earth so that the soil was flush with the root shears of clematis. Note that during the autumn planting, the fossa is filled up completely.
In the autumn, if the hole did not fill up for the season to the brim. cover it with earth to the top immediately before. how are you going to cover your flower.
By the way, some gardeners recommend that before planting clematis in the spring, preliminarily lower its roots along with the ground into the water for 10 - 15 minutes. This is optional, but if you decide to follow such advice, it will not harm the plant.
In the first year after planting, the plant will not begin to actively develop and grow. It needs to get used to a new place. get comfortable. and the adaptation period will take up the entire first season. In this case, at the beginning of clematis the root system grows, and that part of the bush, which is located above the ground, will begin to develop later.
In the first year it is generally better to cut this part, leaving literally 2-3, maximum 4 buds above the soil.
Clematis, which are planted in the spring, must always be drenched from the spring sun, and watered more often, while avoiding overflow.
Water the plant should be warm water. in the evening or morning time, or on an overcast day.
If the clematis in the first summer will buds, be sure to remove them, because the flowering in the first year will greatly weaken the flower, and it can not survive the winter cold, even if you cover it well.
In addition to moisture, the roots of clematis are very fond of getting the right amount of oxygen to them. Therefore, after planting, it is necessary to carefully loosen the soil under the bush.
This should be done with every watering (about once a week) and after a heavy rain. However, this should be done very carefully so as not to damage the young roots. If you have no time to loosen, you can simply put manure under the roots of clematis.
Above such manure is covered with a layer of peat, and then it will also serve as a shelter in the cold season.
How to help the rapid growth
Clematis, like any perennial plant, grows slowly in its first years. But its growth can be accelerated with the help of the following manipulations.
One or two shoots of clematis need to be lowered to the ground, and prikopat in a small trench. These next year, these buds will begin to take root and develop. as separate bushes next to the mother plant.
In the summer, be sure to ensure that the land where the first shoots of clematis are hatching is wet. And then next spring you will be able to plant small clematis in your garden.
At the same time you can propagate in this way the plant of the first year of life immediately after planting is not allowed. It is possible to sprout shoots when the plant has once again wintered in your garden.
This is a very simple and effective way for clematis to grow, but they should not be too carried away and abused, and then the bush may become too thick.
Even to accelerate growth and give the bush splendor should slightly trim the top of the main shoot.
With all these conditions, your clematis, properly planted on the site in the spring, will delight you with lush flowering for many years.
Choosing a place to land
It depends on the correctness of planting how clematis will grow and flourish. Therefore, you should strictly adhere to some rules. You need to follow three points:
- choosing the right place for the plant,
- correct planting process
- care for transplanted clematis.
You can plant clematis seedlings or grow it from seeds, but it is very important to choose a place.
- Prefer to well-lit sunny areas: in the shade clematis is unlikely to bloom. But at the same time, remember that the root system should be shaded to avoid overheating and drying.
- The wind is one of the main enemies of clematis. Не высаживайте растение на слишком открытом участке, особенно если слишком ветреная погода у вас бывает часто, иначе ростки клематиса, и особенно его цветы, будут подвергаться повреждениям.
- Избегайте тех мест, где с крыши на землю стекает вода. If you still plan to plant clematis near the building, make sure that the distance between the wall and the support is at least 50 cm. Thus, you will prevent the root system from rotting due to its frequent presence in the water.
- Try not to plant clematis in lowland areas: they accumulate too much moisture, which can harm the roots of plants.
- If your site is located on the ground where the groundwater level is very high, ensure the outflow of fluid from the plant. For example, dig a few grooves in which the water will flow away unhindered. For greater reliability, they can be equipped with metal pipes or a working net, rolled into a roll.
Remember: Clematis lives about 25 years, so you choose the place for its landing seriously and for a long time. Provide your plant the necessary conditions once, so that all the next years to enjoy the result.
It is very important to choose the right place for planting clematis.
Suitable landing time
The choice of the best period to plant clematis depends on the type of root system of the seedlings. For example, if you are going to transfer cuttings with closed roots, this can be done in spring, summer and autumn. If the seedling has already entered into force and is ready to be planted before spring, grow it in a greenhouse or on a windowsill.
Saplings with an open root system should be transplanted only in spring, in April or early May. During this period, the kidneys have not yet begun active growth and have not swelled. Do not miss this time, because clematis has very early growing season, and late planting will lead to a failure of the plant's rhythm. Liana can take root badly in the first year and will not have time to gain enough strength to spend the winter.
Spring is the best time to plant seedlings with an open root system
Many gardeners prefer to grow clematis from seed. In this case, the time of sowing and, accordingly, germination, depend on the size of the seeds. Thus, clematis is divided into three groups:
- Small, with a size of sunflower seeds 1,5 X 3 mm or 3 X 5 mm. Their germination can last from 2 weeks to 4 months. Such seeds are perfect for sowing in the soil and are stored, without losing properties, up to 4 years.
- Medium, the size of the seeds is 3 X 5 or 5 X 6 mm. Germination lasts up to 3 years, seeds germinate together 1.5-6 months after planting.
- Large, the size of the seeds 5 X 6 and 10 X 12 mm. The germination period of such seeds is long, sometimes more than a year. These varieties are recommended to grow from cuttings.
If you decide to grow clematis from large seeds, note that they should be sown in the fall, immediately after harvest. But the seedlings are likely to be unfriendly, and the germination period can be delayed up to 500 days. Therefore, it is better to start planting clematis in the spring, after preparing the seeds.
Soil preparation for seedlings
So, you have already chosen the place where clematis will grow, and now you need to prepare a landing pit. For one seedling, the dimensions of the pit should be 60 X 60 X 60 cm. If there are many seedlings, you can simply dig a deep and wide trench. At the bottom of each pit lay a layer of broken brick, expanded clay or crushed stone, about 10-15 cm, to provide drainage.
Clematis prefer a structured, breathable, nutritious soil, so you need to prepare a soil mixture before planting. Take some land from the hole, clearing it of weeds, add peat, manure and sand. The ratio should be 1: 1: 1: 1. Make the missing components, depending on the composition of the soil on the site. Add to the prepared mixture about a liter of ash and 100 g of complex fertilizer.
Saplings prepared for planting
Fill the clematis hole with soil with a mixture of about half, filling it with a small mound. Place a clematis seedling on top of the knoll, gently straighten the roots, sprinkle with the remaining earth. After the planting is complete, sand the root neck with sand: this will prevent it from rotting and will subsequently retain the required amount of fluid.
Clematis should be planted with a small depth, so it will be possible over time to form a powerful healthy shrub. Depth of planting depends on the size of the cutting: adult bushes need to be buried by 15-20 cm, young ones - by 6-12 cm. This will prevent the plant from freezing in winter and overheating in summer.
When planting several clematis in a row, keep a distance of about 1-1.5 meters between seedlings.
Preparing seeds for planting
First, clematis seeds need to be stratified. To do this, prepare a soil mixture of soil, peat and sand in equal proportions, and sow seeds into it to withstand them at a temperature of 5 degrees Celsius. It is possible to provide such conditions either in winter under the thick layer of snow, or in the refrigerator.
Clematis shoots in soil mixture
Remember: Clematis seeds, especially the larger ones, may be affected by attacks from small rodents. Be sure to secure crops, covering them with a fine mesh or clear glass.
Usually with such a planting shoots appear in 10-20 days.
Stratification can be carried out for medium seeds. At the same time, the period of their keeping in prepared soil is reduced to 1 month. Many gardeners prefer a simpler and faster way: soaked planting material for several days. If you choose this option, then note that you need to change the water very often, about every 3 hours.
After soaking, the seeds must be sparged for a week. Get a simple aquarium compressor to oxygenate the water in which you can withstand the seeds. Such preparation will ensure the germination of seeds in 10 days, and the appearance of sprouts in 3-4 days.
Small seeds can simply be soaked without resorting to either stratification or bubbling.
The most common methods of planting seeds
So, we already know that the timing of sowing clematis depends on the size of the seed. It should also be noted: if you want to plant a plant in the spring, then you need to go through all the preparatory stages, the beginning of which will be in the autumn. For example, large and medium-sized seeds are sown in banks, boxes or pots in the fall, and stored in a relatively warm place all winter.
There are several methods of planting seeds with clematis, but the most common ones have gained their popularity for simplicity and efficiency.
- Kivistik method. Seeds sprinkled with coarse sand, covered with glass. Capacity with planting material should be stored at a temperature of 20 degrees, controlling soil moisture, until April. After the container you can move it to the film greenhouse, and plant them in a permanent place as the shoots become stronger.
- Sharonova method. Seeds are planted in the fall in a half-liter container filled with humus. Store should be in a shaded room, covered with foil. Shoots will appear after 3 months, after which they can be swooped into boxes at a distance of 5 cm from each other.
- Sheveleva method. Seeds are planted in banks, after 3 months they need to be placed in the refrigerator. In the spring you will receive a sufficient number of shoots, almost ready for planting at a permanent place.
For transplantation of clematis grown from seeds, choose sandy or loamy soil with an alkaline or acidic reaction. Dive shoots not earlier than the stage of two sheets, and be sure to maintain a distance of about 20 cm between them.
It depends on the chosen planting method how quickly clematis seeds will grow.
Such a seedling as a whole is already prepared for growth in open areas, but it is better to plant out when warm weather sets in. With prolonged cold and damp, it is better to hold off a little and grow the seedlings on the windowsill and in the greenhouse. Be sure to provide them with moderate watering and protection from drafts and direct sunlight.
Video about spring planting clematis
Clematis have long deserved a place of honor among the plants used for gardening and decorating gardens. We hope that our advice will help you transform your cottage into a beautiful blooming garden with your own hands. Share with us your experience in growing clematis or ask questions. Good luck!
How to plant clematis in the spring
At what time in the spring clematis planted. In most cases, seedlings are purchased in specialized stores. They are sold with a closed root system and sometimes buy them even in winter, while the stores have a large selection.
It looks like seedlings
If the leaves have already appeared on such plants, then before spring, put them on the window sill and take care of them like ordinary flowers. If the kidneys have not yet hatch, it is better to keep them in the cellar, at a temperature of 0 - + 2.
Planting in the spring of plants with young shoots is allowed only after the threat of frost has passed. And for plants with open roots and dormant buds, early spring planting is much preferable, they are planted in late April.
Place for landing. Most clematis like well-lit, sunny places. But unfortunately not so simple. It is necessary to take into account your region of residence and the variety of clematis. In regions where summer is hot and dry, planting in the sun is absolutely not recommended, near the southern wall of the house or, especially, at the iron fence. Plants there just baked. But landing in the sun in the northern regions is a very good option.
The same applies to clematis varieties. Some of them, especially with light colors, prefer penumbra.
But what all clematis do not tolerate together is marshy soil. They do not like even long-term flooding during the spring flood.
Extremely negative attitude towards them and to drafts. Thin and very fragile shoots with heavy, large flowers, often break in the wind.
To the soil, these plants are not particularly demanding, but grow better on nutrient and light, with ph
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