Gardeners grew low, branchy varieties of roses as early as the 19th century. But only at the end of the 20th century unpretentious, frost-resistant, long-blooming and very decorative ground cover roses took a worthy place in the arsenal of masters of landscape design and amateur gardeners.
Low (about 50 cm), sprawling bush. They are distinguished by large densely double flowers that change color from dark red to rich cherry during flowering.. Flowers are odorless, but with the richest terry among groundcover roses. The variety is frost-resistant, immune, richly blooming.
Bushes are high, 75-80 cm. Krone spreading, in diameter up to 2 m. Svani rose is distinguished by evergreen small shining foliage and large umbellate inflorescences.. Each contains up to 20 double, white with a pink center, fragrant flowers. Winter-hardy and very ornamental shrub.
High, up to 2 m, bush with a rounded dense crown. Winter-hardy, drought-and disease-resistant. It blooms continuously, continuously, until frost. Simple flowers are collected in the brush. White petals in the center, pinking to the edges. During flowering, flowers increase in size, somewhat brighten. They have a delicate musky aroma.
Amber San (Amber Sun)
Spreading branched bushes, 50-60 cm in height and width. Branches drooping. Small semi-double fragrant flowers of all shades of yellow - from copper at the beginning of flowering to cream at the end. Valued for long flowering, cheerful decorativeness, resistance to frost and diseases of roses.
Features of growing ground cover roses
These plants are separated into a separate group about 50 years ago. It combines flowering shrubs with wide creeping or slightly drooping arcuate shoots. Height from 40 cm to 2 m, crown width from 50 cm to 3 m .
Ground cover roses
The plants are well leafy, the leaves are small, shiny, form a dense green crown. Small flowers double, semi-double or simple, collected in inflorescences, graceful and elegant.
For the ability to form dense flowering coverings called carpet roses. Used to create elements of landscape design and garden decor, and therefore also called landscape.
Advantages common to groundcover roses:
- unpretentiousness, ease of care,
- frost resistance
- immunity to diseases and pests
- abundant long-term bloom
- easy reproduction by layering
- rapid growth and acquisition of a decorative look,
- from 2 years weed suppress.
They are planted along the tracks, in the lower tier of flower beds, in rabatkah. With their help, they create color accents on lawns, enliven gentle slopes, adorn retaining walls and terraces. Compact varieties look great in pots and wicker baskets.
Landing dates and site selection
Carpet roses are planted in spring or early autumn, long before the onset of frost. Spring landings are preferable in the regions of the central belt and to the northto give the plants time to take root and grow strong.
The soil is chosen fertile, loamy, loose, well-hydrated and drained.
It is necessary to provide good lighting of the rose garden.. It does not interfere with light partial shade in the hot afternoon hours.
How to plant
The variety is selected according to its “adult” size.planned use, placement on the site.
Spring is the most favorable season for planting
For a pink flower bed, dig the entire area of the landing on 2 bayonet shovels in depth.
Prepare pits 50 cm in diameter and an average depth of 60-70 cm, but 10-20 cm longer than the length of the roots of the seedling. To plant a curb or hedge, dig a trench. The bottom is loosened by 25-35 cm.
Shorten shoots, leaving 2-4 buds on each. Cut dried and damaged roots. Place the seedling in the pit, covered with soil. Every layer of earth is watered.
From above, the soil is compacted and once again plentifully watered.
Young bushes are watered 2 times a week, adults - 1 time in 7-10 days. Overflow and over-drying is undesirable.
Feed up three times per season:
- after the appearance of leaves,
- after the first wave of flowering and removal of old inflorescences,
- early autumn.
The first two times make complex mineral fertilizers, the third - only phosphate and potash.
In the spring on the bushes of roses remove old neotavshih leaves and sanitary pruning
Pruned shoots in early spring:
Adult landscape roses tightly cover the soil surface and inhibit weeds.
Groundcover roses are easily propagated by layering.
In the spring choose one or more long shoots. They are added in a deep groove (10cm deep) in one or several places. so that at the bottom were 1-2 buds for the formation of roots, and 1-2 buds above, shoots are formed from them. Fastened with hooks or wooden studs, watered.
Propagation scheme of ground cover roses by layering
The soil is kept moist until autumn. For the winter, shoots are covered with spruce leaves.. In the spring, the cuttings are separated from the mother plant and transplanted to the right place.
Preparing for the winter
Ground cover plants are considered winter hardy and not in need of shelter.
In the domestic climate this is true only for the southern regions and regions with mild snowy winters. It is advisable to protect the bushes with spruce branches or lukrasilom, creating an additional air cushion.
Groundcover roses are unpretentious in care and cultivation; novice gardeners deal with it.. To care and attention respond with abundant flowering and delight in the riot of colors, grace, spectacular decoration.
Choosing a place to plant a ground cover rose
The important moment for getting a lush, healthy bush of a ground cover rose is the right choice of a place for planting and the proper level of agrotechnology, in the future care for the blossoming pride of the garden will be simple.
It is desirable that the area on which the rose will grow has a slight slope to the west or southeast for optimal lighting in the morning and light shading in the noonday period. The scorching rays of the sun can have a detrimental effect on the flowers, which will fade and fade. It is not recommended to plant young rose bushes near powerful plants in order to avoid lack of moisture and nutrients, as well as near high walls and in strong shade, which is fraught with slow growth of the root system and shoots and lack of flowering.
The place for planting roses should not be excessively wet and have close groundwater, as in wet soil the roses will not have adequate oxygen circulation, and in winter in severe frosts the roots can overcool and cause the death of the whole plant. At increased soil moisture, drainage of the soil should be carried out with the use of moisture-removing tubes.
The best soil for roses will be loamy, which will pass oxygen and water to the root system. For improvement, stony and clay soils are diluted with a mixture of sand, peat, compost and bird droppings, and sandy soils - with a mixture of compost, peat, turf and clay. Favorable growth conditions will be in weakly acidic soils with a pH level of 5.5-6.5. Increased acidity can be neutralized with limestone or ash, and alkaline reactions - with superphosphates.
Preparatory work before landing
The place of the rose garden should first be dug up and thoroughly removed weed plants and their rhizomes, at the request of the gardener, the soil can be treated with Roundup and well loosened. Moreover, the entire area of the future rose garden, where the rose bushes will grow, is subject to preparation and processing, because over time, the roses will densely occupy the area allocated to them. For planting a bush in advance dig a hole about half a meter deep and of the same diameter. For free growth of bushes, the distance between them should be 30-100 cm, depending on the varietal size of the ground cover roses.
How to plant a groundcover rose in the garden
Planting groundcover roses can even be a novice gardener. To begin with, it is necessary to prepare a nutritious soil mixture - mix garden soil, turf, sand, clay, peat, humus by a bucket of each of the ingredients, add 100 g of superphosphate and ash. In a hole dug in 15-20 days, a layer of bird dung approximately 10 cm thick is poured. Then a small mound is formed from the nutrient soil in the center of the planting hole on which the seedling is placed.
The roots of the plant should be evenly straightened for better growth and rooting, after which you can pour the soil mixture, periodically shaking the seedling to better fill the inter-root space with earth. After the planting pit is filled with soil, it should be compacted, watered with a bucket of warm water and spud a seedling in an earthen embankment of 15-20 cm. It is recommended to shade a sapling of days for 10-15 days after planting.
How to water the ground cover roses
After planting, rose saplings and later on young bushes require frequent moderate watering as the soil dries out. Adult bushes are watered once in 6-9 days, during dry periods the frequency of irrigation increases. Watering is best done with warm water in the morning. A rose from the second year of life requires a bucket of water for favorable development and flowering, and this plant does not accept overly moist soil, since it can be detrimental to the roots. In the autumn, rose bushes do not need watering.
Features fertilizing ground cover roses, how to fertilize a plant
Care for ground cover roses involves their regular fertilizer and fertilizing. In the spring, organic or nitrogen fertilizer is applied, when forming buds on a bush, it is fed with sodium humate or potassium sulfate, after the flowering is finished - potash or phosphorus fertilizer according to the attached instructions. For optimal prewinter feeding, organic fertilizer should be applied at the end of summer - early autumn, after 15 days - potash and phosphate, and after another 10 days - potassium sulphate. This systemic fertilizer will prepare the plant for the winter and nourishes it with forces for active growth in the spring.
The choice of location and soil
Like other roses, groundcover varieties prefer an abundance of light: in the penumbra their development slows down, they form fewer buds, they fade faster, they are less resistant to disease. At the same time, under the aggressive midday sun, flowers fade and may wither. Recommended landing in the western or southeastern parts of the site, preferably on a slope.
The place should be at least at a small (30–40 cm) elevation, so that melt or rainwater does not accumulate near the flower - excessive moisture leads to diseases of the root system and impairs the frost resistance of the plant.
The optimal soil for roses is slightly acid (pH 5.5-6.5) loam. Excessively acidic soil must be pre-treated with lime or dolomite flour.
Preparation and landing
Before planting, you need to carefully remove all the weeds, because subsequently it will be difficult to reach them because of the roses themselves. The land needs to be dug up and, if possible, processed by “Roundup”.
15–20 days before planting, they dig a hole about 50 cm in diameter or, when mass landing, a trench with such a width. The depth of the fossa should be 10–20 cm longer than the root length. The planting mixture should consist of turfy soil and peat (1: 1), as well as 3 handfuls of bone meal. If the soil is poor, humus is also introduced into it.
Before planting, container roses are watered abundantly, and seedlings with an open root system are placed in water for 2–3 hours. It is advisable to add guamat or growth stimulant to the water. Before planting, seedlings are recommended to be shortened to 25–30 cm, making an oblique incision above the healthy kidney looking out. Dead roots are removed.
2 shovels of a fertile mixture are added to the bottom of the planting pit; a mound is formed from it and the roots of the seedling are straightened around it (it is better to do it together). Holding the roots, fill up the rest of the soil. If the rose is grafted, the root neck should be buried by 2–3 cm. The soil should be tamped carefully, the seedling should be spud and watered abundantly (about 10 liters of water are needed). In the first 10–15 days after planting, it is advisable to cover the rose from the sun, for example, with old newspapers.
When new shoots grow by 5 cm, it is desirable to unravel a sapling, and mumble around the soil, which will keep the growth of weeds, besides, the flowers will not get dirty from the rain.
Although ground cover roses are quite unpretentious and will not die due to some care errors, their decorative effect may suffer, and regular violations will lead to the death or degeneration of the bush.
It is necessary to water roses in the morning or in the evening - under direct rays of the sun drops of water will burn the leaves. In summer, an adult bush needs a bucket of warm water every 6–9 days. In hot and dry weather, roses are watered more often, but not before the top layer dries out by 3-4 cm (overflow is very harmful).
In the fall, watering is reduced, otherwise the plant will begin to emit new shoots, which will reduce its frost resistance.
The first feeding is carried out 2 weeks after the appearance of young leaves. You can use complex fertilizer "Tsitovit" or others with a ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium of 1: 2: 1, respectively.
A month later, the bush feed up again. When forming buds, including re, it is desirable to make guamat. Flowering bush is not fertilized.
At the beginning of autumn organic fertilizers are applied, in 2 weeks - potash-phosphorus fertilizers, in another 10 days - potash.
Sanitary pruning should be carried out regularly: remove broken and drying stems, as well as wilted flowers, if the plant does not discard them on its own. Thickened bushes thin out.
To rejuvenate a bush, you can annually remove old shoots (starting from 5 years of age) or every 6-7 years to prune all the branches, leaving about 25 cm from each. However, half a year, until the bush is restored, the plant will look unattractive. Sections are made at an angle of 45 °, about 1 cm above the kidney. If the cut is more than 1 cm in diameter, it should be treated with garden pitch.
Now get to know the popular varieties.
The flowers are purple-red, by the end of flowering fade to a crimson color. 5–6 cm in diameter, densely double-lined (110–120 petals). Bush height - up to 50 cm. The variety withstands cold to -30 ° C.
The flowers are white, light pink in the center, densely double. Brush from 5 to 20 pieces, are formed on long stems. Spreading bush, up to 70 cm. Resistant to powdery mildew.
The flowers are white, terry, up to 10 cm, going into inflorescences. Abundant flowering. Shrub up to 1.5 m, shoots falling. Can be grown as a stab culture.
These groundcover roses, continuously blooming all summer long before the onset of frost, are highly resistant to cold, heat, and disease. The flowers are simple, white in the center and turning pink to the edge. Gather in lush hands. The height of the bush - up to 2 m.
The flowers are bright red, terry. Flowering plentiful and long, until the cold. The foliage is dark. The height of the bush - up to 0.5 m. The variety is resistant to diseases and adverse conditions.
The flowers are double, gathered in brushes of 30-40 pieces, may be white or light pink. The height of the bush - up to 60 cm, grows quickly.
The flowers are semi-double, honey-yellow, by the end of flowering fade to cream. Shrub up to 60 cm in height, with drooping branches. Resistant to cold and disease.
The flowers are scarlet, semi-double, gathered in brushes. The height of the bush is up to 0.5 m. Due to its unpretentiousness and high immunity, this variety is often used for urban landscaping.
The flowers are saturated pink color, terry. They are assembled into brushes located on arched branches. Bush height up to 85 cm, strong and winter-hardy.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Ground cover roses are a new group of Asian origin, characterized by the following features:
- Length up to 4 m
- The large size of the plant carpet of creeping shoots,
- The possibility of re-bloom
- High frost resistance
- High resistance to various diseases.
A group of plants was derived on the basis of Rosehip Vihura and Rosehip Wrinkled. Carpet roses have creeping or drooping stems, well growing in width. In height, the bushes do not exceed one and a half meters. If you plant several bushes of culture nearby, then you can achieve a dense carpet, which will occupy a vast area of the site. Flowers belong to stunted shrubs, which can vary in type and growth of shoots, as well as in color, shape and size of flowers.
In a garden landscape, creeping roses will be a good solution for decorating gentle slopes and decorating paths, presenting an alternative to curbs. Groundcover roses planted on elevated lands look impressive. Numerous shoots that spread along the ground look beautiful not only during the flowering period, but also in the autumn with bright fruits. This group of plants often helps to cope with such problems as thin soil and rosemary drainage: the enclosed area can be easily filled with a fertile substrate and rid it of excess moisture.
Arbors, terraces, patios, fences, pergolas and green lawns often decorate with flowers of wobbling varieties. Some grow plants in flowerpots. Often, roses become the accent part of hedges or flowering islands of summer cottages. Плакучая форма крон некоторых гибридных сортов способствует использованию таких растений в солитерных посадках.Carpet roses are also recommended to be planted near water bodies, where, reflecting in the water, they create a beautiful and unusual landscape. Romantic garden will give the bushes groundcover group with fragrant flowers of delicate shades.
Types of carpet roses
Carpet roses differ in the height of the bushes and the shape of the shoots, in connection with which they are divided into the following subgroups proposed by the German selection:
- Roses with long creeping branches,
- Plants with curved downward shoots,
- Shrubs with highly branching branches,
- Low shrubs, growing straight and having a wide halo of dispersion,
- Compact bushes of small size, characterized by short creeping branches.
Worldwide popular carpet roses are:
- Scabrosa (Scabrosa). Hybrid up to 1 m is characterized by high resilience and ease of cultivation. Non-double flowers have a purple tint, their diameter reaches 9 cm. During a season, it can bloom several times. Fruits of the size of small tomatoes are distinguished by a high decorative effect and long storage, therefore they are often used in the compilation of dry bouquets.
- Nuthoana Schoener’s nutkana. Large flowers of the original form consist of pink petals and a fluffy yellow center. Stems that do not have thorns, can reach a length of 1.5 m. Numerous flowers open up to the formation of a kind of dense disc. With the help of accurate trimming, spherical shrubs will look favorably against the background of autumn foliage of other plants. Frost-resistant variety withstands temperatures up to -20 degrees.
- Sophy’s Rose. Variety bred by English breeders, well kept up to -11 degrees. The bushes are distinguished by their rounded shape and compactness, which, together with the scarlet flowers, makes them very attractive. These roses are often decorated with decorative flower beds, tubs and mixboards. Terry flowers consist of 80 petals and form a rosette up to 6-7 cm. A barely noticeable pink scent will not be terrible for allergies.
- Knockout (Knock out). The American hybrid has the reputation of the most unpretentious variety, which manages to take root in almost any type of soil and grown even in latitudes with a harsh climate. Very rarely exposed to diseases.
Those who prefer to spend the summer season in a country house, choose to grow varieties of ground cover roses that bloom all summer:
- Ballerina (Ballerina). One of the most resistant blooming species of roses, which begins to bloom from mid-June and only blooms in November. The variety tolerates rain, cold, shade and heat. Flowers are highly resistant to various diseases and insect parasites.
- Fair Play (Fair Play). Big leaves of a plant have a saturated green shade. Large pink flowers are collected in large inflorescences. This variety blooms all summer and continues to bloom even in autumn, until strong frosts occur. Roses well resist diseases and pests.
- Fiona (Fiona). The rose, called a beautiful female name, is characterized by a long flowering, which in warm regions can last until early December. The bush is formed from arcuate shoots that are covered with dark green leaves that have a glossy shine. Large flowers have a rich pink hue.
- Fleurette (Fleurette). Bush variety reaches a height of 1 m. Large pink flowers pronounced white middle. A rose that blooms all summer sometimes fades only in January if it is grown in warm climatic zones. Many gardeners love this variety for its abundant and long flowering.
- Swany. This variety is suitable for novice gardeners. Swani is distinguished by ease of care and flowering until the end of autumn. A powerful bush, reaching 0.8 m, grows thick, which requires frequent pruning. The inflorescences consist of large white flowers, thinning the exquisite fragrance.
- Weisse Immensee. The German variety, which belongs to low-growing shrubs, does not exceed 0.5 m in height. The diameter of large flowers is about 5-6 cm. White petals surround the golden-yellow stamens. Roses have a strong aroma and violent bloom that lasts all summer and lasts until the end of autumn.
Carpet roses, blooming all summer, are increasingly gaining fame and love of gardeners.
In order for the roses to bloom regularly and abundantly, it is necessary to plant the plants correctly.
A ground cover group of flowers grows well in sunny areas, so lowlands, where the sun's rays hardly reach, will be an unsuccessful solution for planting rose seedlings. For culture, black soil or light loam with weak acidity will do. Flowers, characterized by low moisture resistance, should not be planted in areas where there is a high level of groundwater. To reduce soil moisture, it will be necessary to drain it. A strongly alkaline substrate will also adversely affect plant development. At such sites, the dug holes will have to be filled with special soil.
Before buying ground cover flowers It should be noted that they occupy a lot of space, so for them it is often necessary to clean the area from other crops.
Saplings with open roots several hours before planting are soaked in a growth promoter. Container specimens are free of packaging, the roots are cut to 30-40 cm, damaged stems are removed. But usually such a procedure is required only for injured samples during transportation. Most often, flowers with a closed root system are planted in the ground with an integral lump of container substrate.
High-quality and viable roses should have three well-developed shoots and a well-branched root system, which has a large number of processes. It is necessary to ensure that the scion and rootstock had the same diameter. Before planting on the site, pruning of broken and undigested branches is carried out, as well as removal from the shoots of the foliage and buds that are below the graft. Elevated part and roots reduce to 25-30 cm. Saplings are disinfected with copper sulfate.
If the planting material was purchased during the spring frosts, then before the onset of warm weather, it should be stored in a cool room in a box, covered with wet sand above the graft and covered with a plastic film capacity.
Landing in the ground
Planted in spring or autumn. The soil for roses is prepared from autumnif spring planting is planned. Plot digging 0.5-0.7 m, removing weeds. Poor and depleted soil is treated with humus or manure. Add dolomite flour or lime to acidic soil.
- A hole for each seedling is dug with a depth and a diameter of 0.5 m. Different varieties require a different minimum distance between rows - from 40 cm to 1 m.
- To prepare a nutrient substrate, you will need 1 bucket of garden soil, clay, humus and peat, as well as 100 g of ash and phosphate.
- Bird dung with a thickness of 20-25 cm is poured into the holes, and then the nutrient substrate. From the ground should get a mound. In clay soils, the pits are pre-filled with gravel or other material as drainage.
- The plant is placed on this knoll, gently straightening the roots on it.
- The pit is filled with the rest of the soil, which is carefully tamped. The earth is abundantly moisturized, forming a mound around each bush.
The beds are covered with spruce leaves for the next two weeks in order to avoid negative consequences from possible spring frosts.
Autumn planting is done in September or October. If you plant the roses later, they will not have time to settle down in the ground and freeze over the winter.
Rules of growing and care
Carpet roses are plant resistanttherefore, under adverse environmental conditions, they practically do not get sick and do not die. But with improper care, their decorative effect may decrease.
Caring for carpet flowers is a regular watering, mulching the soil, making dressings and pruning.
After planting plants in open ground, the ground should be mulched, using peat or humus. Mulch will help avoid the rapid evaporation of moisture and the appearance of weeds. Mulching should be carried out immediately after planting seedlings on the site, as in the subsequent creeping shoots will cover the ground, which will complicate the process of this procedure.
In the first two weeks after planting, young bushes water plentifully and frequently. Subsequently, watering is reduced, since the long roots of roses are capable of extracting nutrients at the level of the lower soil layers. The next moistening is carried out only when the ground is completely dry.
Carpet roses respond well to regular feeding, but they should be made the next year after planting. If the plants do not receive additional substances, then they will not survive the wintering and will not give a violent and prolonged flowering. For one season, the flowers are fed 6-7 times.
In the spring roses add nitrogen-containing funds. During the budding add mineral complex. Once such a complex can be replaced by a green fertilizer or a mullein infusion. Upon completion of flowering, nitrogen-containing supplements are last added to the soil. Towards September, the plants begin to be fertilized with potassium and phosphorus fertilizers. These components increase the resistance of the crop to cold and disease, and also help ripen young shoots. For the winter, the plants are covered with protective material that will help the plant to endure frosts.
The first pruning of shoots made with the removal of the winter shelter. Old and diseased branches are cut off, which can interfere with the normal branching of the bush and further flowering. Sometimes shoots needing pruning get stuck in healthy branches, which complicates their removal. Therefore, the procedure should be carried out in protective gloves to avoid injury from the spikes. Anti-aging pruning, which also needs to be done in the spring, is held every 7-8 years. All shoots are shortened to 15 cm, which will reduce the attractiveness of the bush in the next six months. But in the future shrubs will grow better and bloom.
As you can see, care for ground cover roses is quite simple, so even a novice can handle them. If you do not forget to care for the plant, you can regularly enjoy a wide carpet of motley or delicate colors of floriferous roses.
Groundcover roses in the first year of life should be slightly shortened, it stimulates tillering. In the following years, dried and broken stalks should be cut out, thinning slightly thick bushes for air circulation and maintaining the necessary plant shape. After 5 years, you can rejuvenate the bush, cutting off all the stems at 25 cm from the soil. The cut is carried out at an angle of about 45 degrees, departing 5-10 mm from the kidney, it is recommended to process sections with a diameter of more than 10 mm with garden pitch, and the whole bush to treat with Bordeaux mixture.
Ground Roses Overview
Groundcover roses are distinguished by a wide variety of varieties. However, not all of them spread their shoots on the ground. Ground cover roses are those roses whose width exceeds the height. Some varieties do cover the ground and look like a real carpet. And others are a relatively tall shrub with wilted shoots that grow in width.
Groundcover roses in the garden fit perfectly into various compositions, thanks to modest growth. One bush can occupy a significant place, which makes it possible to master and decorate a large part of the garden with minimal effort.
Choosing ground-cover roses that bloom all summer long, you can enjoy blooming roses for the whole season, without worrying about making compositions that bloom consistently. Of course, this is a great opportunity to make your garden irresistible with a minimum of effort.
Planting roses in the fall is the most correct decision, as it allows the rose to take root this season, and in the next it will grow and blossom. It also contributes to earlier flowering. Usually, roses planted in autumn begin to bloom 2 weeks earlier in spring.
Planting ground cover roses and outdoor care is easy. We need to focus on the rules common to all groups of roses.
To properly prepare the ground, you need to start doing this in advance. So, at least two weeks before planting, they dig up the soil in the place of future planting. Check the acidity. It should be neutral or weakly acidic. If necessary, carry out the correction.
When digging add humus, compost, manure, bird droppings, peat and sand. On fertile soils, you can get by with peat and manure. Scanty need more substances. Sand is used on heavy and clay soils for their relief along with peat.
Since the bushes of ground cover roses spread along the surface of the earth, weeds are removed all over the place where the rose will grow. It is very effective to use special means for this, which destroy not only superficial weeds, but also kill the entire root, preventing further development and re-growth.
Immediately before disembarking, dig a hole and make drainage. The easiest way is to pour claydite or sand into the pits at the bottom, a layer of centimeters at 15. This will ensure the outflow of excess moisture from the roots. Even if you have a fairly dry and hot climate, drainage is necessary during the period of melting snow.
It is necessary to determine the landing time, based on the local climate. If you decide to plant a bush in the spring, it is better to do it in May, so that the flower has time to take root and fully develop.
But still, as we have said, it is preferable to plant roses in the fall. You need to choose a time when there is still about a month and a half before the frosts. This will give the plant the opportunity to take root in a new place, adapt and winter well.
Speaking about the time of day, it is better to plant roses in the evening or in the afternoon, but in cloudy weather. Under the midday sun, it will be hard for a bush to take root in a new place.
Preparation of roses
In preparation for planting shrubs well inspected. If necessary, the shoots are shortened to 25 cm. If the seedling is sold with an open root system, then its roots should be placed in water for a period of 4 to 12 hours. Saplings with a closed root system retain moisture well enough, but they must be watered abundantly in advance.
Before planting, the entire sapling is treated with a fungicide - copper sulfate or a special tool that can be easily purchased at any garden store.
Roses are planted in the center of the prepared fossa, evenly sprinkling from all sides and lightly ramming the ground. It is necessary to make sure that the sapling is located exactly, does not roll in one direction. There is no need to dig deep - it provokes rot on the roots.
After planting it is necessary to water the plant abundantly, at least 5 liters for each bush. Watering is needed right under the root, trying not to affect the foliage. Then, slightly soil the soil so that a crust does not form.
In the first year of the rose does not need additional feeding. She has enough of those substances that were introduced into the soil during preparation. All buds are removed in the first year, allowing only a few roses to bloom and bloom at the end of the season.
Mulching has a lot of advantages. First, it allows you to retain moisture and conduct regular loosening. Secondly, it provides a uniform flow of nutrients into the ground.
You can mulch with needles, sawdust, dry manure or straw. Each of these materials has certain properties, and you need to pick up the mulch, based on the characteristics of the soil.
Water any roses with warm, settled water. A good time will be either a very early morning, or the evening after the heat subsides. On cloudy days, watering is not advisable, since moisture on the leaves will not dry out quickly.
Loosening and weeding
Both are carried out in order to ensure breathability to the soil. It only seems that the roots do not need air. In fact, without its circulation, the roots simply rot and the plant will hurt.
Beginning in the second year, regular feeding is required. You can buy complex fertilizers in the store or use organic. Both are equally useful, and the choice depends only on your preferences. In the summer and autumn make different complexes. Some are designed to stimulate growth, while others are used to recuperate and prepare for winter.
Trimming and rejuvenation
In the fall, the roses must be cut, shortening a little shoots. The same is done in the spring, cutting off those twigs that did not survive the winter.
Once every five years you need to rejuvenate the bush, completely cutting off all the branches to 25 centimeters.
Spring pruning of ground-covering roses bears primarily a decorative meaning, and allows you to form a shrub of the desired shape.
Shelter for the winter
Preparation of roses for winter is, first of all, in the shelter. How to cover a groundcover for the winter depends on the region of growth. In general, it cannot be said that the shelter of roses for the winter is necessary. They are quite low and winter well under snow. It is necessary to shelter roses when winter is very frosty and snowless. Do I need to harbor a rose in your garden, it's up to you.
Reproduction by layering
The easiest way. Позволяет укоренить росток, при этом он будет питаться от корневой системы материнского растения на протяжении всего периода укоренения.
Требуется лишь прикопать побег в одном или нескольких местах так, чтобы в земле оказалась одна почка. Далее требуются только периодические поливы. Спустя некоторое время новый кустик можно обрезать и пересадить в другое место для доращивания.
Cutting is a proven method of breeding roses. In this case, the plant does not feed from the roots of the parent bush, but should form its roots as quickly as possible. How to grow a rose from a cutting can be found in a separate article.
Propagation of ground cover roses
Groundcover roses successfully propagated by layering. To do this, in the beginning of spring, the young long shoot bends down to the soil several times to obtain several plants, and the extreme shoots of the shoot must be above the ground. The shoot is pinned in a small fossa filled with nutrient soil, one kidney down to let the roots in, and several nearby buds on a layer remain above the ground to form new shoots.
Layers should be watered frequently, and in the autumn, provided they are rooting, they are ready for transplanting to other beds for growing. After the young rooted seedlings grow during the year, they are transplanted to a permanent place to grow.
How to cover the ground cover roses for the winter
Groundcover roses practically do not require care in the fall, except for sanitary pruning of the stems. Since this type of flower is quite cold-resistant, it has a thick enough layer of snow for wintering. But it is better to be safe, especially with the likelihood of low temperatures in snowless winter periods, and to cover the bush of a ground cover rose with fir or pine twigs in the fall, which will also protect the shoots from rodents. Stalks of high varieties of roses should be laid on the surface of the soil, slightly bending them down. The shelter should be placed on the bushes in the autumn after the average daily air temperature has dropped, and in early spring should be removed, preventing roses from rotting and rotting under the shelter.
Pros and cons of growing ground cover roses at their summer cottage
As pluses of ground-covering roses, its decorative properties are distinguished, namely: a beautiful bush - compact or creeping, fragrant flowers, a long flowering period, almost without interruptions, the ability to use in various variants of landscape design. These types of roses are hardy and resistant to diseases, which is very easy to care for them. Having bought once a sapling of ground-covering roses, which will be pleasing to the eye for several years and being the pride of its owner, one can significantly save the cost of growing annual flowers.
The disadvantages of ground cover roses include the small size of flowers, as well as the properties of tender flowers to fade under the direct rays of the sun, lose color, the edges of the petals darken, deteriorating the appearance of the plant. Faded flowers must be removed from the bush. The negative point - the shoots of these roses grow until late autumn, and they are very vulnerable to low temperatures, which can not always withstand, and under cover the shoots can rot and be affected by fungal diseases. In order to avoid these negative consequences, after the autumn first frost, undoripened stalks of roses should be cut off.
Ground-cover roses, especially varieties that bloom all summer long, are a real decoration of the site, they are used in the design of a rock garden, a rose garden or a bright flower bed. Before choosing a variety of a creeping rose, consider its height, width and growth rate for optimal planning of its flower garden.
Characteristics and classification
Depending on the variety, the plant can form from 80 to 150 buds per bush. With the right selection of varieties in accordance with the climate and nature of the soil, the shrub can bloom from May to the most frost.
Classification of ground cover roses depends on the growth and characteristics of the shoots of plants. This unit is rather conditional, but is widely used in practice:
- Shrubs that are more prone to expanding in breadth, with shoots stretching upwards. An example is the Frau Dagmar Hastrup variety rose.
- Plants with arched hanging stems more than a meter long. A vivid example is the rose of Fiona variety.
- Large creeping shoots such as Max Graf variety, etc.
- Shrubs of small height (up to 50 cm) with creeping horizontal shoots (curb roses).
- Shrubs that grow slowly and are characterized by hard shoots. For example, Red Blanket.
Features of ground cover roses
Initially, these varieties of roses bloomed once and in autumn they brought abundant fruit. Modern varieties have a long and abundant flowering almost until the beginning of the winter cold.
Almost all varieties of ground cover roses have several common distinguishing characteristicsspecific to this group:
- Shoots of plants have a high growth rate.
- Shrubs are characterized by strong branching - the width exceeds the height of the shrub several times.
- Blossoming plentiful and very long.
- From the point of view of the design landscape, not only flowers have a decorative value, but also the fruits and leaves of plants of this group.
- High resistance to frost, diseases, insect pests and other adverse environmental factors.
All these qualities are invaluable for the design of the landscape design. In addition to all other advantages, these breeds of ornamental shrubs are extremely easy to maintain.
Ground cover roses, blooming all summerselected breeders in a separate group relatively recently. However, the work with these plants is very active - a large number of different varieties with a rich color palette and the height of bushes have been created all over the world.
To create a decent design, it is recommended to select varieties that best fit your climate zone.
Gallery: ground cover roses in landscape design (25 photos)
Sort Hellow It is distinguished by a small height of the shrub and its spreading. Flowers gustomahrovye. In the process of flowering, they change color from red to dark cherry. Flowers are odorless, however, they are distinguished by the greatest pomp and terry among all known varieties. Rose Hell is highly resistant to frost, good immunity and abundant flowering.
Compared with other varieties of roses, groundcovers are unpretentious and easy to care for. And yet there are some nuances.
To get a healthy plant with lush beautiful flowers, it is very important to choose the right soil for its planting.
Choosing a place to land, you should immediately abandon such places in the garden, where fruit fruit trees - cherries, apricots, and hawthorn grow or grow before. These plants greatly deplete the soil.
To create optimal lighting, it is desirable that the site has a slope to the west or southeast. This will give the plant a sufficient amount of sunlight in the morning and shade a bit in the hot daytime. Under the influence of direct sunlight, flowers may begin to fade.
You should not plant young shoots next to powerful plants or with high walls, giving a strong shadow. This can lead to insufficient development of the root system, poor nutrition and, as a consequence, poor flowering of plants.
Choosing a place for planting roses, you should avoid areas with high humidity. In summer, an excess of soil moisture will reduce air circulation, and in winter it can lead to overcooling of roots and plant death. To eliminate the increased humidity, you can work on the drainage of the soil with the help of a system of special tubes.
The best soil for planting roses - loam. It provides good ventilation and passes enough water and air to the roots. If the soil has a stony or clay character, you can add a mixture of sand and organic components.
Very favorable soil for roses has a slightly acidic environment. If the soil has a high acidity, you can lower it with ash or limestone. Overly alkaline soil can be slightly acidified with superphosphates.
Before embarking on the roses, it is necessary to thoroughly dig the area and remove all the roots and parts of weeds. You can pre-treat the soil with special herbicidal substances.
In order for the bushes to grow freely, it is necessary to leave a distance between 30 and 100 cm between them - this depends on the variety. Drift Roses can be diluted in pots of 3 seedlings per pot.
Saplings after planting in the soil should be slightly shaded for 2 weeks. To enhance the viability of young shoots, they are cut to a length of 25-30 cm and treated with copper sulfate.
When planting the roots of the plant must be properly straightened, then gradually pour the prepared soil mixture. When the landing hole is filled, it is slightly tamped and watered with plenty of warm water. Around the pit form a small shaft of soil.
She never intended to plant rose roses, but now she caught fire. In the garden I will make a small slide, so that I can go along the slope. Saplings already acquired.
Highly recommended for the garden rosettes Fairy. Does not require special care, only in the heat to water more often. All fertilizers she needs are organic. Plant better in sunny areas.
I like the rose Swani very much. Not a flower, but a real decoration for the garden. It grows quickly, does not get sick and does not freeze. The leaves and flowers are very beautiful.
The main part of the varieties was bred in the 70s of the last century in Northern Europe. The climate of this area is very suitable in all respects for the breeding of this plant. In addition to its beauty, these flowers also perform the role of "fighters" with weeds, so it grows mostly in breadth, not up. Other characteristic features of this group are:
- Roses are shrubs and perennials, the height of which varies from a few centimeters to one and a half meters. Evergreen specimens can bloom all year round, so they have an advantage over other species.
- Steep shores, slopes, territory along sidewalks and travel routes are ideal places for growing ground cover roses.
- Caring for them does not present great difficulties, as the plants are resistant to diseases and have a low need for moistening and feeding.
- Low-growing varieties are excellent for growing on the borders of garden plots, flower beds and hanging pots.
Creeping roses have a wide range of colors and shades of flowers, depending on the variety.
Classification of creeping roses
Until now, experts can not decide on the classification of these colors. For example, German botanists divide them into four subgroups:
- Low-growing creeping - plants that reach from 30 to 50 cm in height and up to 150 cm in width. The density of planting is 3-4 bush per square meter. Popular varieties: Basino, Knirps, Nozomi, etc.
- Tall - shrubs, whose height starts from 50 cm, and the width - from 150 cm. The most famous variety of this group is Max Graf, which was bred in the beginning of the XX century.
- Small drooping - the height of this group of roses ranges from 40 to 60 cm, and the scope of the bush - up to 150 cm. The most famous varieties: Mirato, Pink Basino, Satin and others.
- Large drooping - this shrub grows to 100 cm in height and 150 cm in width. Grades: Zonenshirm, Rosie Carpet, Aspirin Rose and others.
Preliminary work before landing
Before planting ground cover roses, you should choose a place in the garden. It is not recommended to plant seedlings in the area where cherries, apricots, hawthorn, pears and other types of roses were grown, as these plants greatly deplete the soil. The ideal location would be a plot with a slight slope to the west or southeast..
In this case, landing in the morning will be under the sun, and in the afternoon - in the shade. Prolonged exposure of the plant under the scorching rays detrimental effect on the general condition of flowers. As well as seedlings should not be planted next to large plants or trees, as young plants will not have enough moisture. However, the area with high humidity is also undesirable for flowers.
On such a site, before planting a creeping rose, so that care is not difficult, the growers have previously carried out soil drainage work. Having chosen a site, start preparing a soil cover. For roses, loamy areas that are able to pass moisture and oxygen well are ideal.
Heavier soil is softened by the addition of sand, peat and compost. Then carefully dig up the site, removing weeds.
Planting roses on the site
Under each seedling, dig a hole about 50 cm deep and the same size in diameter. The distance between the pits will vary between 30-100 cm, depending on the variety being planted. Flower growers prepare a fertile mixture of turf land, sand, peat and humus by adding a little superphosphate and wood ash. At the bottom of each well lay out a drainage layer of broken brick or rubble. In the center of the pit poured a small hill of fertile mixture.
On him gently, aligning the roots, lower the seedling. Pre-shoots of each young plant are cut, leaving 25-30 cm and treated with copper sulfate. The well is filled with the remaining fertile mixture, lightly tamped and moistened abundantly with warm and distilled water. Then you can spud the seedlings or pour the mulch from peat and sawdust. It is recommended to shade each bush after planting a groundcover rose.
Care for creeping flowers
The rules for the care of ground cover roses are practically no different from the courtship of common species. It is necessary to perform a number of activities: watering, feeding, pruning, preparing for winter. Watering is carried out in periods when the rose bushes are in the shade. This condition must be observed when spraying plants. Basically, watering roses is carried out, focusing on the state of the soil cover. The fact is that these flowers do not tolerate too wet soil or dry soil.
It should be watered when the surface of the soil dries out 3-4 cm deep into. In the fall and during rainy periods, the frequency of watering is reduced. After each moisturizing procedure, it is necessary to loosen the soil around each bush. In the process of active growth of shrubs, roses are fertilized three times per season. The first falls in the spring, when the leaves begin to appear. To do this, use mineral mixtures containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. A month later, fertilizers are added again, but this event is not held during the flowering period.
The following dressing is done after the end of flowering, this is especially important for varieties that bloom several times. In this case, the old buds cut off. In the fall, planting roses is fed only with potash fertilizers, which promotes the formation of new shoots. Ground-covering roses practically do not require pruning to form a bush. Experienced growers generally prefer them to grow, forming the shape of a bush in a natural way. Only dried or frozen shoots are subject to pruning.
Most types of creeping roses do not require shelter for the winter.. They will be enough thickness of snow. In areas with more severe frosts and winters with little snow, it is necessary to cover bushes. Usually for this flower growers apply spruce branches or non-woven material. A small frame is made of wire over the bush and the material is laid on it, fastening it along the edges. The stems of tall specimens are previously bent to the ground.
Flowers that are grown in hanging pots, flower growers in the winter are transferred to the room, where they continue to care for them in the winter.