Potted flowers and plants

Room Balsam: Care, Reproduction and Flower Diseases

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


Balsam - beautiful, richly and vividly blooming, not requiring special attention to a potted flower, arrived to us from the islands of Zanzibar. Subtropics of Africa and the countries of Central Asia are also considered to be his homeland. In the CIS, this indoor plant is more known by other names: "Wet Roly", "Spark" and "Impatiens". The Balsam family includes approximately 500 species of plants, which have a number of specific features - the love of moisture and sunlight. In order for a balsam to bloom profusely and brightly, care at home should take into account regular and proper watering, as well as placement in the room. What you need to know about the breeding of this plant? What features of care to take into account?

Appearance balsamic: photos of indoor plants and a description

Potted flowers that can be bought at the store are usually perennial plants with a thin and smooth stem, elongated-oval leaves of a very rich light green or dark green color with purple patches. The stem can reach 35-50 cm, and the leaves closer to the root can be pulled out into an oval with a diameter of up to 7-11 cm. The balsamic genus also has one-year representatives.

This is what a room balsam looks like. photos taken in the period of abundant flowering.

Annual representatives are grown outdoors. Care requirements will be the same.

Both types of plants can bloom as inflorescences, as well as single flowers, the petals of which have a characteristic bright color: snow white, dull pink, scarlet, bright orange (fiery) and another.

The beauty of flowers in an unusual form of petals:

  • freely located
  • fused in pairs
  • the presence in the inflorescence of one petal extended in the spur,
  • multi-colored color: maroon, yellow-purple, white-purple and other shades,
  • white small bud, drop-down large, bright and saturated petals.

The perennial species blooms profusely throughout the year. But only if the home care for balsamine was right at home - the photo shows healthy plants from both subspecies. If a one-year-old member of the family is grown in a pot, then he will delight with large flowers in the summer. With good care, the flowering period is extended by 1-1.5.

How to choose the right place for indoor balsam: photos and rules

All members of the balsamic family belong to the light-loving herbaceous plants. If the house has a window facing south, this is their place. But when placing the pot on the windowsill it is worth considering that direct sunlight, shining through the glass, can scorch juicy and bright leaves. To ensure proper care for indoor balsamine during the summer heat, you need to put up a protection or choose a site on the windowsill where the sun's rays linger for a while. With the advent of cold weather protection must be removed and put the pot on the most lit place.

Balsamic also:

  • love the fresh air
  • do not tolerate strong drafts,
  • they do not like frost and cold - in winter it is better to move the plant pot away from the glass, closer to the edge of the window sill, where the heat from the battery is felt,
  • when airing a room in winter, it is best to plant the plant away from the window.

If the pot is placed incorrectly, the color loses its crown shape — it is drawn up, the stem becomes bare, the lower leaves fall off, and the flowering is rare. The plant throws flower buds at the very top of the stem.

The photo shows balsam care at home which was conducted incorrectly.

Proper watering is an important part of the care for indoor balsamic

A perennial and annual plant will give bright flowers only if the soil or the soil in which they live is kept moist. In summer, the flower gives more moisture, and in winter the amount of water is reduced by 1/3. At the same time you need to water with soft water without impurities. It is recommended to defend the water from the tap for at least 2-3 days.

Need frequent and moderately abundant watering. Do not flood the plant. In this case, the roots will start to rot and the flowers will disappear. To avoid this, it is better to make good drainage.

If the balsam is taken care of at home correctly, then after each watering small droplets of moisture will come out on the leaves of the plant. After a few hours they will suck. This feature of the flower is manifested in the summer.

At what temperature and humidity to contain?

The plant will be comfortable where it is warm. The subtropical plant has already adapted to our conditions, but it still with great difficulty endures the cold. Therefore, in the winter in the room should be no less than 13-16 0 С, and in the summer - 20-24 0 С.

Balsamic like humidity, so if the thermometer needle rises above 22 0 C, the humidity in the room should be increased. Otherwise, the flowers wither. It is recommended to put a container with water next to the pot.

Top dressing and soil

An important component of the care for indoor balsamine is a transplant of plants in a properly selected soil and fertilizing. Planting the cuttings in a pot (balsamic plants multiply at home by cutting) or transplanting the plant is done in early spring before flowering or in autumn after flowering. Take the ground:

  • 1 part of the earth and humus,
  • ½ part peat and 1 part sand.

Planted balsam in a small pot. He does not like volumetric capacities, since his roots must completely bind a lump of soil. The faster he does it, the faster he will begin to grow and give flowers. In a big pot, growth slows down.

If there is no small container, then 2-3 cuttings can be planted in one pot at a distance of about 5-6 cm. Plants coexist perfectly with each other.

Feed the balsam immediately, as the plant comes out of the "hibernation." Potassium-phosphorus mixture is an excellent fertilizer. It is added to the pot once every 2 weeks of flowering. In winter, you can give nitrogen supplements. They will increase the amount of greens on the stem, only fertilizer costs in small portions and not often.

Balsam can be propagated and seeds. They are sown at the end of February in a box. The plant alone will provide the owner with the necessary number of seeds. Only when collecting them need to be careful. "Touchy" at the slightest touch (the breath of the wind) to the ripe box throws them out.

Location, lighting and temperature

Herbal representative of flora loves light very much. His favorite place in the house will be a south-facing window. Do not forget about the detrimental effect of direct sunlight, especially through glass. Bright lush foliage threatens to burn.

On hot days, artificial shading is established, but only for a period of active solar activity. With the onset of cold weather, it is removed, but the pot is moved away from the glass. Balsam does not tolerate frost and cold. When choosing a room you should take into account the love of fresh air, but you should avoid drafts. If you place it incorrectly, the light builds up the root mass, to the detriment of flowering. The shape of the crown becomes irregular, and the buds move to its very edge.

The subtropical past requires enough heat. Despite the successful adaptation of exotic to our climate, it suffers from cold. From December to March in the room should not be less than 14 degrees Celsius, and in the remaining months the permissible temperature is from 20 to 30 degrees, with sufficient humidity.

Watering and moisture

The plant requires frequent but moderate watering.

Moisture-loving handsome unable to tolerate drought. By keeping the ground constantly in a moist state, you can ensure long and lush flowering. With the onset of spring, more moisture is required; in the fall, watering is reduced by 2 times. Water is used purified at room temperature. Pour it is not worth it. This can cause root rot.

Optimal: water little, but often. In the summer, after watering, dew drops protrude on the leaves and dry quickly. If an unforeseen situation happened, when there was no opportunity to “drink” the assiduous Lisa and she withered, then she could still be saved. The container is completely immersed in a water pan for 2 hours. The liquid that is drained into the pan is poured the next day. Impatiens will come to life, but will be weak. It takes time to recover.

To Roly wet not dried, it is important to monitor the thermometer. As soon as he rose above +22, additional security measures should be taken. Next to the pot set pan.

Pot selection

Is required small. The pet does not like large vessels. For lush flowering, the root system must completely wrap its inner part. Otherwise, the balsam will increase only the green mass until the roots fill the inside of the pot.

If it is not possible to plant it in a small container, then you can use it more, but for 2 bushes at once. In each, without exception, the container is poured drainage layer. It should be at least one-third of the total substrate. Be sure to have through drainage holes. Otherwise, exotic will face many diseases.

Soil and fertilizers

Properly selected soil mixture can provide the plant with all the necessary growing conditions. Ideally, this is a light nutrient soil. You can buy it in the flower shop - soil for flowering houseplants. Or make your own from these ingredients:

  • humus,
  • sod land
  • sand in equal parts.

Mix everything thoroughly and add 1/2 of the peat. Heavy soils impede growth and full development.

In winter, fertilizers should not be completely abandoned. Support is carried out in small portions 1 time per month. Favorably affects the plant this season. nitrogen fertilizer. The active stage of fertilizer begins immediately after leaving the state of rest. For the primary support using phosphorus-potassium mixture. It is made 2 times a month. But observing certain rules: fertilizers only include healthy specimens in the “diet”; during dormancy and within a month after transplantation, support is not required; you need to strictly apply the amount indicated on the packaging by the manufacturer.

Excess supplementation adversely affects health.

Pruning plants

It is held in the spring. The stalks are shortened if they have grown, and the crown has lost its appeal. They can be cut to no more than one-third. And if the length is optimal, but growth stimulation is required, then the stems are pinched. Thus the bush is rejuvenated, and the trimmed fragments are used for the purpose of reproduction.

Balsam Transplant

They spend it every year after purchase. To avoid stress, do it in the spring, as soon as active growth begins. Changing the pot favorably affects the appearance of new shoots and the size of the buds.

Experienced Gardeners advised to carry out the procedure 2 times a year: in the fall and spring. So they protect the culture from disease, loss of attractiveness and stimulate the formation of a voluminous and dense bush.

Mealy dew

It causes the greatest harm. The growth of infection contributes to: cool air, stagnant moisture and non-compliance with the rules for care. The pathogen enters the inside of the lamp with moisture. After 3-4 days spots appear on the stems, which are replaced by a whitish bloom and leaves die off. They darken and fall off. In order to prevent the death of the balsam to act quickly.

First of all, the frequency of moistening changes - they become scarce. So you can protect against the appearance of dew. The room is systematically ventilated, avoiding drafts. All affected parts are removed, and healthy ones are carefully sprayed with insecticides.

Thrips - can harm the plant, if they are detected, the plant should be treated

A sure sign of uninvited guests - deformation of young shoots. Gradually, pests are colonizing more and more territory and new symptoms appear. The tips of the leaves begin to turn yellow, the immunity of the flower is weakened, brown spots appear, decorativeness is lost. A sick diligent Lisa is placed in quarantine and treated with insecticides. All affected parts are removed and burned.

Flower reproduction

This method retains all the attributes of the maternal "individual". Cut off planting material during transplantation. Choose a sprig without buds. The optimal length is 9-11 cm. Each should have at least 2 internodes. Lower leaflets cut off.

Rooting methods:

  • water. Immersion occurs before the foliage. It does not cost her to wet, so as not to start rotting. A branching needs a well-lit space with warm air. The root system will begin to develop immediately and after 2 weeks you can transplant cuttings into the soil.
  • priming. Grounding a healthy stalk is shallow. You can prepare a suitable substrate with your own hands: peat and vermiculite in equal parts, 2 parts of perlite. It should always be slightly hydrated. After watering, shallow loosening is recommended for oxygenation.

How to choose a healthy plant in the store

A careful examination of touchy will help you quickly and very accurately determine whether the plant is healthy and whether it is worth buying it. Signs of a sick wanky wet:

  • dry tips of foliage, spots, stripes, plaque and lethargy,
  • pale color, small flowers and buds,
  • obvious signs of insects,
  • irregular, deformed shape of the crown.
  • unpleasant smell.

If none of the above symptoms are present, then you can agree to the purchase. After being transported home, he is given a secluded corner, without bright light. Mandatory transplanting and slow introduction of irrigation regime, fertilizers, etc. It takes time to adapt.

Plant description

The plant is well accustomed and feels great on the window sill in a pot. It is loved by growers for its constant flowering and simple care of it. Its natural habitat is subtropics.

It is still found wild in the subtropical climate of India, Africa and North America. In Europe, the flower came at the end of the XVI century and perfectly got accustomed. It was brought to Russia only in the 19th century.

The species of the plant common in Russia have succulent and brittle stems with the uriciform root system.

Their edges have a jagged edge with small or large teeth, terminating in a small spine.

The saturation of the leaf color depends on its appearance. In Russia, flower growers usually plant plants with a light or saturated green leaf color. Also found types of balsam with dark green leaves with lilac or brown shimmer. On the sheet, the veins are clearly visible, having a color a tone lower than he.

The flowers of the plant have 5 petals and they are painted in different colors: pink, red or pale pink. There are varieties with bicoloured flowers: cherry, orange, white, and also having rose-like buds, double and semi-double petals.

Faded buds form green fruits, which, when ripe, form a dry box.

Types of balzaminov

Currently, more than 400 varieties of the presented plants are known. They can be both annual and perennial. Balsam blooms magnificently and has a different color of buds. The following types of balsam are most popular:

There is a huge number of varieties that are also grown in the country, but they require a few painstaking care, which not every beginner grower is able to do.

Balsam: home care

The plant feels well in a bright room at home and gives abundant flowering. Roly wet is completely not exacting in careful leaving, but all the same it is impossible to forget to water and fertilize it.

If care is tolerated, the plant discards leaves.

How to care for the balsam is presented in the following factors.

In order for the flower to feel comfortable, it needs a small pot by the size of the root system and a small amount of soil. The soil for the plant does not matter, if only it was moderately loose and nutritious.

It is impossible to oversaturate it with minerals, ammonium nitrate and ammonium sulphate, otherwise the green mass will run amok, but a small amount of buds will bloom or not at all.

In the period of abundant flowering the plant needs feeding. This is the period from early spring to late autumn. Once every two weeks it is necessary to water it with fertilizer for flowering plants. At the end of August, it is required to reduce the number of feedings and fertilize it once a month until February.

Fertilizer should be applied to the wet substrate immediately after watering. In winter, when there is a period of rest, but buds appear, it is necessary to feed the balsam with not very concentrated mineral fertilizers.

The plant consumes a lot of moisture. The lack of it leads to the loss of elasticity of the stems and dropping leaves. Watering is carried out according to the following rules:

  • It is recommended to take the soft, settled water.
  • When the top of the ground is covered with white bloom, it should be removed and covered with fresh ground. The reason for this - too hard water, increased alkalization of the soil.
  • Watering should be moving along the edge of the pot, so as not to fall on the root neck.
  • В летний период требуется поливать растение через день, а зимой будет хватать одного раза в неделю.
  • Нельзя допускать пересыхания земляного кома.
  • Не допускать застаивания воды в поддоне.
  • Субстрат делать слегка влажным, но не мокрым.
  • Если температура в помещении более 20 градусов, то цветок следует опрыскивать.
  • Periodically it is necessary to loosen the soil in the pot to a depth of a centimeter so that the roots can “breathe”.

Although a balsam and likes normal light, but the direct rays of the sun are unpleasant to him, because they can provoke a leaf burn.

Therefore, if the pot is on the sunny side, the window should be shaded.

If this is done, the balsam will bloom in winter.

In order for the bush to have a beautiful and even crown, it is necessary to turn the pot periodically on the sunny side from different sides. With a lack of light, the plant will stop throwing out the buds and will not bloom, losing all its beauty.

Fresh air is needed by the plant, so you need to regularly air the room where it stands, but beware of drafts.

Room temperature and humidity

During the warm period, the plant keeps well even at a temperature of 25 degrees, if the room is regularly aired, and the soil in the pot is wet.

In cold weather, the temperature should not be below 10-15 degrees.

If the temperature rises higher, the soil dries quickly and the plant begins to fade. You can save it by daily spraying, which must be carried out carefully, without getting on the buds and flowers.

Transplantation is usually carried out in the spring, but, if required, in the summer. Young bushes require transplantation annually. Adult bushes are either transplanted or renewed by rooting cuttings from the tops of the shoots, because the balsam grows with time and becomes ugly.

The pot should be selected according to the size of the root system. When it is too small, then the plant will be more lush. Some for this in one pot planted 2-3 roots.

It is best to take a mixture of turf land, humus, compost and perlite mixed in equal parts, the soil will be light and breathable. It is important to provide the plant with good drainage.

Usually performed in the spring during transplantation. Pruned heavily grown over the winter branches of almost half the length. The shoots that have grown to the required length are pinched in order to form branches with flower stalks.

The process of cutting rejuvenates plants. Cut the tops of the shoots go to the reproduction of the plant.

Growing from seed

Planting can be carried out all year round. The breeding order is presented in the sequence:

  1. Before planting, seeds are soaked in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 10 minutes.
  2. Soil for them is mixed from a part of perlite and two parts of peat.
  3. Bury the seeds by 7 cm and moisten the soil, cover the pot with a film so that the temperature under it is 20-25 degrees.
  4. Sprouts appear after 8-10 days.
  5. So that the soil is not too wet, it must be periodically ventilated.
  6. After the seedling reaches a height of 1.5-2 cm, it must be dived.
  7. It is possible to distribute seedlings to pots when at least one full-fledged leaf appears in it.

Consistency is important to observe, so as not to provoke the death of new shoots.

Reproduction by cuttings

This is the more popular breeding method. At the same time all species attributes are saved. Especially this method is good for terry varieties of balsam. The breeding order is proposed as follows:

  1. In spring or summer, the top of the shoot is cut to a length of 7 cm. 2-3 internodes should be present on the handle. Bottom leaflets can be removed.
  2. Place the cutting in a bowl with water and wait for the roots to appear.
  3. The substrate for landing is taken the same.
  4. After the roots appear, they are planted in pots that need to be covered with something, such as a can.
  5. Seedlings take root in 2 weeks, and after 2-3 months the bush begins to bloom.

Experienced growers plant cuttings directly into the ground, having previously treated them with a preparation to accelerate the growth of the root system. The stalk also takes root well, if it creates greenhouse conditions.

Balsam diseases and their treatment

Balsam, like all indoor plants, is subject to various diseases - viral and fungal. The most common are:

1. Mosaic - viruses spotted oppression. The disease is noticeable by the deformed leaves of the plant, the yellow spots on them, the fading stem, and the growth of the flower. Pest insects infect the plant. Eliminate the disease can be with the help of insecticides.

2. Gray rot - a fungal infection. Its appearance can be seen on the brown spots on the leaves, white bloom and sluggish stems. Infection occurs when improper care of the plant.

The treatment is carried out with antifungal agents - fungicides and proper care of the bush. Usually, the fungus infects the soil, so it is better to transplant the shrub to a new clean soil.

3. Bronze - a viral disease that is not treatable. The disease can be seen by withering leaves and stems, leaf deformation, the formation of holes of different sizes on them.

To prevent infection, it is necessary to frequently ventilate the room.

4. Mealy dew - fungal infection, often develops in the soil of indoor plants. The disease is noticeable by wilting bush, the appearance of whitish-brown bloom on the leaves and twisting them into tubes.

Helps treatment with copper sulfate, soap solution, soda ash. It is required to feed the bush with phosphate-potassium fertilizers.

These are practically all balsam diseases that need to be quickly eliminated so that the bush does not suffer and the disease does not go to other plants.

Features of growing

When growing a balsam, there may be other problems. The most common are:

  • Why do balsam buds fall off? This situation happens when you take care of it badly, when the room is dry and there is insufficient watering, it is too cold and dark, and when the bush is overfed with fertilizers.
  • Why do balsam leaves turn yellow? This is due to a lack of moisture or sunburn if the pot is under its direct rays. In winter, the leaves may turn yellow due to the low temperature in the room.
  • Pests attacking the bush - the whitefly and spider mite, appear with excessive dryness in the room and in the heat, if not ventilated. Should properly care for the plant.

A beautiful and easy-to-care balsam is able to delight you with its bright and delicate flowers all year round, if it is properly looked after and treated in time for diseases.

Features and varieties

This plant usually has saturated pink or red flowers that are found in the leaf sinuses. Thanks to the breeders there are many varieties of balsam, with different colors, except for blue and yellow.

Now there are about 550 different types of balsam flowers. The most common and most used for growing at home are:

  1. Iron Balsam got its name from the dense iron beams near the base of the sheet. It is considered annual and has large dimensions, because with growth it reaches two meters. Flowers can be pink colors of any shades. Also, in addition to indoor cultivation, but can be used for lawns and for decorating areas, etc.
  2. New Guinean balsamic hybrid brought to us from indonesia. It blooms all year round, because it is in room conditions. Used as an annual plant. It differs in that it is very high and lush carrier of flowers of various colors (white, red, purple, etc.) throughout the year, while it looks like terry balsam. Its leaves are very large and can be green, bronze or yellow to the middle.
  3. Balsam Niamey It is not widespread in Russia, but it is often found in Europe. Grown as an annual. The height of such a variety can be up to one meter. It is very demanding to temperature conditions of the environment, and therefore grows mainly in African countries.
  4. Balsam Peters quite large plant. It has stalks and leaves of the same bronze color, and its flowers are very rich, double, and red. It is often used in indoor environments.
  5. Balsam Willer or Waller - terry perennial, having a rather elongated stems up to 60 centimeters. Its leaves are juicy and can be green, brown or red. He has small flowers up to 4 centimeters and they are collected in compact inflorescences. It is often taken to create all kinds of balsam hybrids.

Growing balsam - features

Different subspecies of balsam differ from each other in the shape of flowers, leaves, and even the structure of the plant. In nature, there are about 600 different types of balsamine, but they all have common characteristics.

  1. First of all, need for moisture. Balsamines are better to re-wet than forget to water. For this they got the funny nickname "Wet Roly." However, stagnant water in the roots is undesirable even for a balsam.
  2. Secondly, these plants bloom better in small pots. If you plant a balsam in a large pot, he will spend all his strength on growth and tillering, and you will have to wait for flowering for a long time, and it is for the flowers that you have acquired balsam.
  3. Thirdly, balsamines are easily propagated by cuttings and seeds. Although indoor species, as a rule, easier and faster to grow from cuttings.
  4. Well fourthly balsamines are very susceptible to various diseases and require particularly close attention to the leaves, otherwise, due to one damaged shoot, which you did not see in time, the whole plant would die very quickly. And even if you manage to save the balsam, it can lose its decorative effect forever.

Choosing a place

All members of the balsamic family belong to the light-loving herbaceous plants. If the house has a window facing south, this is their place. But when placing the pot on the windowsill it is worth considering that direct sunlight, shining through the glass, can scorch juicy and bright leaves.

To ensure proper care for indoor balsamine during the summer heat, you need to put up a protection or choose a site on the windowsill where the sun's rays linger for a while. With the advent of cold weather protection must be removed and put the pot on the most lit place.

  • love the fresh air
  • do not tolerate strong drafts,
  • they do not like frost and cold - in winter it is better to move the plant pot away from the glass, closer to the edge of the window sill, where the heat from the battery is felt,
  • when airing a room in winter, it is best to plant the plant away from the window.

If the pot is placed incorrectly, the color loses its crown shape — it is drawn up, the stem becomes bare, the lower leaves fall off, and the flowering is rare. The plant throws flower buds at the very top of the stem.

As a rule, this plant is not particularly fastidious to lighting and can successfully grow and blossom on a windowsill with any window orientation. True, this does not mean that it can be placed under the scorching sun or pushed into the darkest corner. As practice shows, the best place for him is light penumbra. For example, you can put it not on the window sill, but in the wall between two windows, for me it grew beautifully on a stand a meter from the southeast window.

It is also noted that the flowers of such a plant have a brighter color than plants standing in brightly lit places. In summer, balsam can be brought to fresh air (a balcony, for example), but keep in mind that the plant is very light and even a slight breeze can beat it decently. But despite this, it is quite often used in pottery compositions along with petunia, lobelia, begonia, geranium, etc., to decorate the same balconies, terraces, etc.

Location

Balsam - a lover of bright light, but at the same time on his condition very bad effect direct sunlight, so at home the plant is recommended to shade from bright sunlight.

In winter, indoor balsamic vinegar need to provide a fair amount of light, because it is thanks to this that the balsam blooms all year round.

To balsam bush had a uniform beautiful crown, the pot with the plant must be periodically rotated, exposing the flower to the sun from different sides. A lack of light can cause the plant to completely stop producing buds and lose its appeal. The flower likes fresh air, but suffers from drafts.

Temperature

During the warm period, balsamine is suitable for any temperature for growth and flowering. Sudden drops can significantly damage the plant. The winter period should pass at a temperature not lower than + 12-16 degrees.

  • The plant will be comfortable where it is warm. The subtropical plant has already adapted to our conditions, but it still with great difficulty endures the cold. Therefore, in the winter in the room should be no less than 13-16 0 С, and in the summer - 20-24 0 С.
  • Balsamic like humidity, so if the thermometer needle rises above 22 0 C, the humidity in the room should be increased. Otherwise, the flowers wither. It is recommended to put a container with water next to the pot.
  • In the warm season, the plant does not impose any particular requirements on the surrounding temperature, unless sharp drops can affect it. In winter, the temperature prefers a slightly lower temperature within + 12-16 degrees.

In the spring and summer balsam perfectly tolerates temperatures of +25 degrees and above, but with fresh air and moist substrate. In winter, the temperature should not fall below +10 +15 degrees.
Room balsam prefers moderate humidity, but only until the thermometer reads over the mark of +22 degrees.
An increase in temperature above this value may result in rapid evaporation of moisture, resulting in balsam fade. Spraying will help save the situation, which is done carefully, trying not to fall on the flowers and buds.

Do not regret water!

Watering - the most important of the agrotechnical requirements for the care of balsams. I first watered my first flower, like other plants, as the substrate dries. But my balsam somehow quickly wilted, the leaves faded, and the flowers and buds crumbled. Fortunately, I quickly understood the reason, and began to water it more intensively. In the summer I water the room balsam every other day, in the winter once in 3 days or 2 times a week. Besides, I began to water it so plentifully that a part of the water would pour into the pan. I didn’t pour water out of the pan, and the next day I didn’t find it there! Always eager balsam drank overnight and what could not drink during the day.

In my experience, balsam flower is best to plant in a pot that has a sufficiently deep pan. Water it should be plentiful, so that part of the water was in the pan. And unlike other plants, I do not completely drain this water. Balsam on the second day already absorbs it from below.
If you allowed the flower to wilt, try to water it abundantly. It happens that after a few hours the flower comes to life, and yet such tests greatly weaken the plant. It is not necessary to allow the substrate to dry, the earth should be wet. But the stagnation of excess water is dangerous in that sciarids are found in the ground - tiny flying midges.

In the summer he needs regular regular watering, in the winter - rare. Clean the leaves with a dry cloth. When spraying water, avoid its contact with flowers - shield them with paper.

Moderately, but abundantly

A perennial and annual plant will give bright flowers only if the soil or the soil in which they live is kept moist. In summer, the flower gives more moisture, and in winter the amount of water is reduced by 1/3. At the same time you need to water with soft water without impurities. It is recommended to defend the water from the tap for at least 2-3 days.

Need frequent and moderately abundant watering. Do not flood the plant. In this case, the roots will start to rot and the flowers will disappear. To avoid this, it is better to make good drainage.

If the balsam is taken care of at home correctly, then after each watering small droplets of moisture will come out on the leaves of the plant. After a few hours they will suck. This feature of the flower is manifested in the summer.

The plant is very moisture-loving. Therefore, in the warm season it is necessary to water regularly, when kept in the summer in the open air it is almost daily. Just daily and spray it, it will not only increase the humidity of the air, but also save you from spider mites, for which balsam is a favorite delicacy. As for winter irrigation, again, keep in mind - in winter, balsam continues to grow, and, despite the lowered temperature of the content, it needs watering, of course, more rare, but regular (depending on temperature).

Water treatment

Balsam poured over abundantly in the summer months, as soon as the topsoil dries. During watering, it is necessary to ensure that water does not fall on the root neck, for which watering is performed on the edge of the pot. After the procedure, excess water from the pan must be drained.

  • Water the plant with better defended soft water. Using hard water, you can eventually detect on the surface of the soil white bloomtestifying to ground alkalization. In this case, it is recommended to replace the top layer of earth in the pot.
  • Insufficient watering can cause lag balsam in growth, while its flowers dry and fall.
    Occasional room balsam needs в разрыхлении верхнего слоя почвы (не глубже 1 см), что обеспечивает доступ воздуха к корням.
  • Также цветку необходима подкормка, которую вносят в весенне-летний период раз в две недели. Удобрения лучшее применять комплексные, в половинной дозировке. После пересадки подкормку производят не раньше, чем через три недели.

Since the rest period of the balsam not so pronounced, and even in winter, the flower releases buds, preferably after they appear, feed the plant with a weak mineral solution. Fertilizers are applied to moist soil after watering the plant.

Another popular name of the plant - touchy. After pollination of flowers, boxes with balsam seeds are formed, which burst at the slightest touch.

The name “balsam” (Impatiencs Balsamina) is translated as “touchy”, “not tolerating touch”. This is due to the fact that the boxes with balsam seeds burst even from a slight jolt.

And the balsam plant is called the “spark” for bright flowers. They are red, pink, purple and white.

Flowering usually occurs at the beginning of summer and lasts until mid-day of autumn, but with appropriate light and temperature conditions, flowers can appear throughout the winter.

Fertilizer and dressing

For better growth and flowering, it is advisable to fertilize balsams during the flowering period every two weeks. Balsam grows quickly, so it is transplanted annually in fresh soil for flowering plants. Overgrown plants rejuvenate after a strong pruning. Cut the shoots are used as cuttings for rooting.

  • For abundant flowering and good growth, the plant needs fertilizing at any time of the year. Starting from the spring period and until the autumn, when the plant growth stops, fertilizing is applied once every ten days with fertilizer for flowers. Well proved to feed with alternating nitrogen and phosphate fertilizers.
  • The number of winter dressings decreases, but it is not excluded at all. With a one-time feeding in the month the plant will look great. The composition of supplements introduced into the ground in winter includes phosphorus and potassium.
  • To heighten growth and flowering, it must be fed. But, as in everything, a reasonable measure should be observed, the overfed plant will blossom as poorly as a non-fed plant at all!

Since the beginning of active growth in the spring and until its suspension in the fall, feed it once every 10 days with usual fertilizer for flowering plants, this is basically enough. Also a good result can be achieved with separate feeding, alternating nitrogen fertilizers and phosphate fertilizers. In winter, reduce the feeding, but do not exclude completely. To keep fit, it is enough to feed it once, a maximum of twice a month. Fertilizers for winter dressings should contain a high content of potassium and phosphorus.

Cuttings

If you love homemade balsams, then you probably want to multiply them. I multiply balsamines by cutting. The most healthy and beautiful shoots are cut and put in water, and the cutting must be deeply immersed in the liquid, otherwise it will dry.

  • I usually cut several cuttings - just in case that at least one gets acclimatized, but, as a rule, they all root well, and I then distribute the seedlings to my acquaintances.
  • Once I was enriched with several copies of balsam, carefully cutting cuttings from plants at the local agro station and rooting them.
  • Balsam can also be propagated with seeds that need to be sown in moist earth and covered with a transparent film to create the greenhouse effect and preserve the moisture needed by these colors.

Garden balsams are usually grown from seeds, or rather, they themselves wonderfully multiply by self-sowing

Seed is not recommended

My regular readers know that I rarely recommend seed propagation. Room Balsam is no exception.

No, of course, you can collect the seeds and try this method, but firstly it is more laborious, and secondly in this case you can get not exactly the plant that was expected, maternal signs during seed reproduction practically do not persist, and expecting to get a plant with Terry flower, you are likely to get the usual "simpleton".

Therefore, it is best to propagate the room balsam cuttings. Especially since it is quite simple. To do this, cut off the top of the mother plant, about 6–7 centimeters long (the cutting must have at least 2 internodes), remove the lower leaflets, and put the cutting in a glass of water. Everything!

After a couple of weeks, roots will appear and then the stalk can be planted in ground mix. You can also root the stalk in the sand, perlite, and you can right in the earth mixture. But for a beginner gardener, I recommend still in a little water - more clearly. Make a light mixture for seedlings: peat, vermiculite and perlite (1: 1: 2), plastic cups are ideal for planting. When the plant gets stronger and grows up, it can be planted in a permanent mixture.

Balsam is a perennial flowering plant. Some lovers of flowers transplant it every two years, as the shoots are pulled out, leaves fall, plants are affected by diseases and pests, which affects the appearance. First of all it refers to the plants that make up the composition with other flowers. The transplanted plant blooms brighter and more abundant, has a more attractive appearance. When transplanting, you need to remember a few rules that will help grow a beautiful plant. The root system should fit in the pot. It should be of medium size, with a small amount of land.

  • Balsam blooms when the root system grows to such size that it completely fills the entire space of the pot, penetrating the whole earthen room. In the same way you need to transplant and violets.
  • If you put a balsam in a large pot, he will spend his strength filling the entire volume with roots, and he will not have enough power to bloom. You can grow a bouquet of balsamines of different colors in one pot.
  • To do this, take the cuttings of different colors and land already in a much larger pot. They will get along together in the same pot, complementing each other.
  • Balsamines recommend replanting necessarily once a year - in the spring. After transplantation, the plant rejuvenates, gives new shoots, blooms better.
  • But I transplant balsam 2 times a year: in spring and autumn. At the end of summer, balsams often have shoots drawn out and lose leaves. And after the hot days, they are easily affected by disease.

Compulsory and balsam transplant after purchase in a permanent pot.

Replace the flower pot in the spring, choose small vessels, it favors flowering.

Place change

Room balsam, a perennial plant that basically distinguishes it from the garden relative, and as a result, needs transplants. In fairness, I want to note that many gardeners do not contain one plant for more than two years, but prefer to grow young (especially since it is elementary, but more on that below ...), as it grows over time and becomes unattractive.

This especially applies to plants that are planted in compositions with others, for these purposes it is better to have always a young plant. But be that as it may, a transplant is still necessary. First of all, when transplanting (or planting) a balsam, it should be remembered that the pot should correspond to the size of the plant, or more precisely, the size of the root system. The fact is that flowering occurs only when the roots fill the entire space of the pot and cover the whole earthen room (like the example of violet).

Therefore, we must begin with a small pot, gradually increasing its size. You can plant several plants in one pot, they coexist perfectly, and in this case you can take a pot more. As for the soil ... It is not recommended highly nutritious mixture, which stimulates an intensive set of green mass and inhibit flowering. Most often, such a composition of earth mixtures is recommended:

  • Leafy ground - two parts
  • Sodland - two parts
  • Humus - two parts
  • Peat - one part
  • Sand - two parts

At the same time I want to note that even a simple mixture of leafy earth and sand (2: 1) may also be suitable. Just do not take the land from under the oak (such land for most plants is of little use), it is better from under the maple, linden, garden trees ...

What is this flower?

Balsam - a plant that belongs to the Balzamin family. There are many species of it (400), and conditionally subdivide them into single and perennial. It grows in sub-and tropical climates, in the states of Asia and Africa.

The plant has bushy, juicy and soft stalks.. All leaves are whole or toothed. They are lanceolate. There are no stipules. The location of the leaves on the stem - opposite or whorled. Their color is green, but the color is different. Irregular flowers appear during flowering.

They are either terry or simple. More often the arrangement is single, less often they are collected in friable inflorescences. Flowers can be red, white or yellow. After flowering, the fruit is formed - multi-seeded box.

Features and breeding conditions

No matter how different the types of balsam are - the structure of the stem, the shape of the leaves and flowers, but they have common characteristics:

  1. The need for moisture. If you overdry the soil in a pot, forgetting about timely watering, the plant disappears. The only thing that does not tolerate “wet Roly” is the stagnation of moisture in the roots.
  2. Planting in a small-sized pot to improve flowering. When planting in a large flowerpot, balsam will spend all its forces on tillering and growth. It will not bloom, and it hurts for every grower.
  3. Easy reproduction by seeds or cuttings. You can grow a new plant from the mother in the shortest possible time.
  4. Diseases leading to loss of decoration.

After buying balsam necessarily transplanted. The soil for it is selected carefully, stopping its choice on a light substrate, specially selected for a flowering plant. Without listening to this advice, flower growers face the appearance of an abundance of leaves on the stems, but with an almost complete absence of flowers. Do not plant a flower in a heavy soil rich in nitrogenous compounds and minerals. It is better to feed the culture twice a month.

In one pot planted two cuttings of balsam with flowers of different colors. Due to its fast filling with roots, it is transplanted twice a year - in spring and autumn. On the intricacies of planting and care, you can read in this article.

Breeding methods

Ways of breeding balsam two: seed and grafting. What a way to choose for beginners?

Cutting is a simple way of breeding perennial balsam. It is not laborious, and if desired, even a non-professional will cope with the task. The main thing is to get healthy shoots in the new pot. They are cut off carefully, counting two internodes at the cut.

After the cut, shoots are placed in water or planted immediately in moist soil. Very soon the new balsam will take root. If you kept shoots in water, you can transplant it after the appearance of the roots in a 10-centimeter pot. In a few months, under normal conditions, the balsam will bloom: when planting in autumn, the flowers will appear in the spring.

When cutting a balsam, a mother plant, a rooting container and perlite will be needed.. In addition, the pruner is useful to cut off the shoots.

  1. A cut of shoots 50-70 mm long. It is made not above the sheet, but under it.
  2. Remove lower leaves and buds.
  3. Taking a container for rooting, put perlite into it. It is advisable to seal it gently, and only after that make a small recess with a stick at a depth of 15-20 mm. A cutting is inserted into it, the ground is pounded.
  4. Until the end of rooting, remove the container in a warm bright place. To make the process go faster, the plant is fed with complex fertilizer before pruning.

Seed breeding method balsam is also chosen because of the simplicity and the possibility of execution on any day of the year. Sometimes you don’t even have to do something, since self-seeding happens. As already written above, seed boxes burst with any careless movement near them. This becomes a serious reason for self-seeding.

Many growers start balsam, do not care for him, as a result of which he turns into a weed. Experienced flower lovers try to dress the seed boxes with a transparent light fabric to avoid spreading them. The collected seeds will remain viable for eight years.

The risk of seed reproduction - getting a plant that does not meet expectations. When self-harvesting seeds from a balsam growing on the window sill, after reproduction, there is no lack of new maternal traits.

On reproduction at home and subsequent transplantation in open ground, read here.

Next, a visual video about the propagation of balsam cuttings:

How to grow at home?

Balsam - non-capricious plant. Some species grow in the shade, others in the sun. It needs abundant watering in the spring and summer, when the weather is hot outside. In winter, it will not die if the temperature in the room is around 15 ° C.

With the onset of spring, room balsam is fertilized to make it bloom.. To do this, water it with special fertilizers for flowering plants every two weeks.

On how to care for balsamic at home to the plant for a long time to please you with their appearance, read here.

Plant problems

A balsam, like any other indoor plant, can hurt.

  • Spider mite.

Sign: yellow specks on the leaf surface. If untreated, they increase in size, the leaves lose their green color and dry. To stop the insect, fight with dry air and high temperature in the room.

The best way to combat spider mites is to spray the plant with water. If you notice a pest on one sheet, it is better to cut it off, and all that is nearby, process mineral oil or soapy water. White fly.

Symptom: An abundance of yellow leaves with specific sticky secretions on the inner or outer surfaces. For the fight using special tools that are sold in a flower shop: Tanrek, Spark, Aktellik. Single claw mites.

Signs: hardening and curvature of the leaves. Their growth stops. Over time, they curl around the edges. To overcome the disease, they prevent excessive humidity and high temperature of the air in the room. A great way - a thorough inspection of the plant and leaf treatment with drugs Akarin, Lightning, Fitoverm, etc. Thrips.

Signs: deformation of young leaves, spots on flowers and browning of petals along the edges. When the first signs appear, the flowers and leaves affected by thrips are removed. This pest chooses young plants, and therefore immediately after transplantation or purchase they are being watched. An effective way to get rid of it is to buy drugs Aktar, Spark, Fufanon, etc.

  1. Leaf fall due to hypothermia, irregular watering and lack of light. Having solved the issue of lighting, balsam will appreciate the abundance of flowers on the stems.
  2. Leaf curl. This problem is caused by the activity of arachnoid or multi-claw mite. All affected parts are removed, and the whole plant is treated with a special solution.
  3. Yellowing leaves. Most often the problem is caused by a spider mite or lack of moisture. As soon as the florist normalizes watering and processes the leaves, it disappears.
  4. Bud fall due to over-drying or over-wetting of ground masses.
  5. Drying leaves due to lack of moisture.
  6. Pulling the stalks due to the increased temperature of the air in the room and the lack of sunlight.
  7. Bloom problem due to lack of light and nutrients. Moving the pot to another place and applying fertilizer twice a month will decide it. How to water balsam and how to feed it for abundant flowering, you will learn here.

Read more about balsam diseases here.

Growing conditions

Home care for the flower is simple. It is not picky enough and does not require much attention. We recommend it to be placed in a well-lit place, but so that it does not have strong sunlight.

It can be placed on the windowsill, which looks to the east and west. Periodically, in order for it to bloom evenly, it must be turned by different sides to the light. For the content of balsam in the room should be a temperature in the range of +16. +25 C.

It is also necessary to do regular airing of the room, but exclude possible drafts and freezing of the plant.

Water balsam room can be with different frequency, as it is necessary to monitor the condition of the earth, ie, how dry it is (allowed up to 1 cm) and fill with soft settled water. Although balsam and needs a lot of water, but do not be very zealous, because they can rot the roots.

In the cold season, balsam requires less watering and spraying it also needs to be done with caution. This plant may suffer due to dry air in winter, so it is recommended to place it in another container filled with moss and peat or expanded clay to obtain additional humidity.

In warm seasons balsam may turn yellow and in order to prevent this it is necessary to do the washing of leaves with water, you can from the tap. Due to this, all the dust will be washed off, which will give an opportunity to the strengthened plant and get the full impact of the sun's rays. All damaged and dry leaves, you need to pluck to avoid various pests and the occurrence of diseases.

Если температура воздуха превышает больше, чем 20 С, то необходимо опрыскивать растение хотя бы два раза в дневное время.

Земля и удобрения

Для данного растения, выращиваемого в различных условиях, нужен легкий, прорыхленный и умеренно питательный грунт. Too much fertilized soil can produce strong leaf growth and some flaws with flowers, therefore it can lead to the fact that the balsam does not bloom at all. Strongly loosened soil is also not suitable, because the plant can not stand steadily in it and therefore will not grow.

Soil composition It must be slightly acidic and may contain some humus, turf, perlite and compost equally.

It is necessary to feed balsam from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn, and it is desirable to do this with complex means (for example, phosphorus-potassium). The feeding period can take from one to fourteen days.

If it blooms profusely in winter, then it should also be fertilized, but to use for this weak solutions and this procedure should be carried out immediately after watering.

Reproduction and care

Room balsam propagated by cutting and with the help of seeds.

The cuttings are carried out in autumn, good shoots are cut in September and placed in very moist soil or even in water. When the pagon starts up the root, it is transplanted into a small pot with a diameter of 10 cm.

Overwinter young plants should in the illuminated place. In the spring they can be planted in the ground or a bigger pot.

Reproduced by cutting, it blooms in summer. If it takes root in autumn, then naturally it needs additional light and heat.

Seeds can be sown in a box in March, while they should be stored in sufficient heat. The resulting seedlings scattered in pots and in May, you can sit in the ground. Balsam blooms then not earlier than the autumn period, and if you want to watch the flowering early, you need to plant it in the winter. Before sowing, it is necessary to treat the seeds by holding them in a solution of weak potassium permanganate in the heat for ten minutes. Then put the seeds in moisture and cover with a transparent material (film, glass). The temperature must be monitored and not let it fall below 18 C.

You can grow seeds even in a damp cloth, and when sprouts form, you need to transplant them into a prepared substrate of peat or sand. Then the first shoots will appear after three or four days after soaking it in potassium permanganate. Due to this, naturally, the development of balsam is accelerated.

Pests and diseases

When growing, the following problems may arise that can be prevented or eliminated by ensuring good prevention and care for it:

  1. Fungal diseases and decay. When such a problem arises, you need to immediately reduce the amount of irrigation with liquid, take care of good drainage and control the air and temperature in the room.
  2. Eating the plant by the whitefly. The balsam at the same time may look unhealthy, and this is expressed most of all in the fallen leaves. Defend against this pest should be with the help of chemicals.
  3. Spider mite It is characterized by the appearance of a spider web on the leaves. Against him, you can use soap, rubbing them leaves.
  4. Bacteriosis There are black specks on the roots. Maybe when supercooling plants. We recommend using the drug Alirin against him.

Also, abscission of leaves may indicate insufficient consumption of light, watering, or a small pot. If it’s all abound, then it’s a pest or a disease.

Caring for balsam at home is not so difficult, you just need to follow the appropriate rules.

Diseases and pests

Balsamines rarely suffer from pests, but can be affected by spider mites and aphids.

  • Balsam is subject to the same diseases as most houseplants. But he is especially afraid of the spider mite, which appears due to too dry air. Conclusion: moisten the air and conduct a comprehensive treatment of the plant.
  • Due to excessive moisture in the soil, sciarids may be produced. In this case, the plant is better to transplant and meticulously observe the mode of watering.
  • Often, balsamines at home begin to dry, curl and fall leaves. This may be due to a lack of light or heat, and also if the flower becomes cramped in an old pot. Then you need to eliminate the disadvantages of caring for homemade balsamine or transplant it into a larger pot.

  • No flowering, the lower leaves turn yellow and fall off: not enough light, put the plant in a well-lit place.
  • The leaves fall in winter: low temperatures, move the plant to a warmer place.
  • The root neck is covered with black spots: rotting due to stagnant water, dry the soil and reduce watering.
  • The plant produces many leaves and few flowers: the pot is too big, wait until the pot is full of roots, and avoid fertilizers with a high nitrogen content.
  • White cobweb on stalks and underside of leaves indicates the presence of spider mites. Clean insects from plants with soapy water and increase air humidity.

The plant can also be affected by aphids. If the balsam is badly contaminated, remove insects and spray with soapy water.

Frequent problems

Like any home plant, balsam is not immune from various diseases and problems.

  • Too high temperature at low humidity is not the best way affects the state of the plant - leaves wilting, bloom slows down. The plant needs to recreate optimal conditions for growth, and the flower will restore its original appearance.
  • Excessive watering is very detrimental to balsamine, as it causes occurrencefungus and mold development. When the first signs of a fungal disease appear, urgent measures should be taken - the flower is taken out of the pot and, carefully shaking off the rhizome from the sour earth, transplanted into a pot with a new, more loose soil and good drainage system.
  • Finding out soil rot, it is necessary to replace its top layer. If you run the disease, the chances of saving the plant are minimal.
  • If a balsam flowers fallIt is worth revising its conditions of maintenance. The cause of the fallout can be dry air in combination with insufficient watering, insufficiently high temperature in the room, poor lighting and over-feeding.
  • Lack of lighting can reflect on leaf color variegated varieties, which in the event of a shortage of light becomes pale and inexpressive. At the same time, the shoots are significantly stretched out, which negatively affects the decorative properties of the balsam.
  • Weak bloom or its complete absence occurs when the plant lacks nutrients or there is a bias towards nitrogenous fertilizers that stimulate the growth of foliage. Just the reason for this may be a pot of unreasonably large sizes or irregular watering.
  • Often the plant is affected spider mite, which contributes to low humidity. It is possible to get rid of a misfortune by means of insecticidal solutions.
  • Aphids and whiteflies are another pest that the plant destroys. To fight insects you need the same with the help of special preparations.

As you can see, balsam - unpretentious plant, but it is worth considering that representatives of the balsamic with dark and bright colors of flowers are more robust than their counterparts with light flowers.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send