Nature is wise and often gives the plants truly amazing qualities that enable them to survive in the most difficult conditions. A good example is stoneframe - an extensive genus of herbaceous one-, two- or perennial plants of the family of the same name.It unites almost 400 species distributed in the vast territories of temperate latitudes of the European-Asian continent, in Central America and in the mountain tropics of Africa. The name of the genus speaks of the incredible vitality and ability of the plant to comfortably use the most scarce natural resources. Let's talk about this amazing grass, its types, cultivation features and competent care for it.
Despite the abundance of species, all of the stone-sawing plants are rhizomatous herbaceous plants, the height of which, depending on the growing areas, varies from 5 to 70 cm, forming ground patrons of varying density. Their leaves, different in shape and structure, are collected in the rosette. A feature of the genus is the ability of the leaves of many species to accumulate lime, causing their color (usually along the edge) acquires a noticeable gray tint. Leaves are surrounded by sturdy flower stalks, ending with five-petal stellate flowers, single or gathered in touching panicles. The color of the colors is light, in the color palette there are all shades of white, yellow, pink or lilac tones. The saxifrage flowers delight gardeners from May to August. The fruit is a box with small, ripened seeds.
Species of saxifrage, flowers are extremely hardy, diverse. Representing their scientific classification does not make sense, we note only the fact that there are garden plants that decorate the dacha interior for the whole season, and room options that successfully fit into a warm home environment.
Features of the plant
For kamnelomok characterized by an accelerated rhythm of the passage of all phases of development - from the appearance of the first young leaves to seed ripening. The saxifrage flowers are pollinated by insects that are attracted to nectar. Some types are self pollinated. Brighter and more numerous flowers are obtained by planting on the site several varieties of ground cover saber-hens, stimulating cross-pollination. A similar method is used when constructing rock gardens or when sodding the soil in pristvolnyh circles of fruit trees. High frost resistance is another excellent plant quality.
Kamnelomka flower: planting and care
Many representatives of the Kamnelomkovy family have been introduced into the culture, the bulk of which are ornamental species used in landscape gardening. As a rule, these are ground cover plants that bloom profusely and beautifully. Kamnelomka is unpretentious, but to increase the ornamentation of a plant, it is worthwhile to listen to some of the rules of agricultural engineering necessary for its qualitative development.
Usually, the cultivation of these crops does not cause difficulties, apparently, in the plain grass there is a clan memory that adapts it to any growing conditions. The plant successfully survives on medium fertile soils, but needs limestone, therefore, when preparing the site for planting, the soil is lime. Such additives as gravel, peat, coarse river sand and high-quality humus will create comfort for the plant. The composition of the soil does not matter, the flowers of saxifrage (perennial and letniki) appear regardless of the soil structure of which they live. Equally successfully they grow on clay, loam and sandy loam.
It is not worth planting rockframes on the top of the alpine slide, because such an arrangement of the plant implies a constant exposure to the sun, and this will lead to a rapid loss of decoration. More productive is the decision to plant a crop on a slope or to build a rock aquarium in more shady places.
Initially, a mountain plant, saberjack, successfully grows in crevices of rocks, natural or artificially created. At the device of the Alpine hills the bushes of konnelomok spread out a stony component, contributing to the preservation of moisture and protecting the roots from the scorching sun. Erecting a rock garden, it is important to remember the need for drainage, since stagnation of water is detrimental to the plant - it is easier for it to take out a short-term drying out than constant waterlogging. But during dry periods, additional irrigation is necessary for such a culture as saber-stone. A garden flower with regular excessive watering traps the formation of rot, which is almost impossible to fight. In such a situation, the degree of moisture is corrected, and cuttings are cut from the healthy parts of the damaged bush and root them.
Monthly plant is fed complex mineral fertilizers. The saxifrage is a flower, the care of which is traditional and consists in loosening the soil and occasional weeding. At the end of flowering, the aerial parts of the plant are cut off, and after a while it again becomes covered with young leaves.
Pollinated flowers of saxifrage give a lot of small black seeds, the germination of which is very high - 86%. Sown in light soil, they germinate in 5-7 days at an air temperature of 18-20 ° C. With the advent of 2-3 leaves, seedlings dive, planted in open ground in the middle of summer, keeping the intervals between plants of 15-20 cm. Perennial saxifrage bloom as early as next summer.
Vegetative reproduction also proceeds successfully - cuttings, layering or dividing the rhizomes. Sliced in July, rooted in boxes, arranged for winter in a cool basement, and planted in the spring in a permanent place. Reproduction by layings is carried out as follows: after flowering, long shoots pin to the ground, placing them in prepared grooves.In the fall, rooted cuttings mulch with humus, and with the arrival of spring, they are separated from the parent bush and planted. The division of the bush is carried out after flowering, separating from the mother plant young rosettes with a piece of rhizome. They successfully take root and winter without shelter.
At one place in the garden, the stonefrike grows productively for 5-6 years, and then loses compactness and requires updating of plantings.
Along with the garden forms of saxifrage there are many crops that are perfectly adapted to growing at home.
The most popular types for indoor breeding are:
- The saxifrage weaving (scaly), grown as ampelous culture. Sockets, planted in a container, release stolons, on which new sockets are formed.
- Harvest Moon.
- Cotiledon resembling a succulent.
- Arendsa (mossy).
The flower is kamnelomka, planting and caring for it in a city apartment is simple, prefers neutral soils, only cotyledon develops well on soils with an acid reaction. The plant requires weakly nourishing, humus soil, for example, clay-sod composition. The pot for shingles needs shallow, because the root system of the plant is superficial. At the bottom of the tank lay out the drainage, which can act as expanded clay, screening, even pieces of foam.
Kamnelomk is propagated by seeds, rosettes from the mother bush or cuttings.
Care for home species
The saxifrage (room flower) is light-requiring, as are its garden counterparts, but the lighting must be diffused, exposure to direct sunlight significantly reduces the decorativeness of the culture. They have containers with plants near the windows of the west or east side. Throughout the year, the plant is watered moderately and regularly. Spraying plants are useful, especially in the hot season or with dry air in the winter, when central heating radiators work.
Comfortable air temperature for home saxifrage is 20-25˚С. With the onset of winter culture enters a period of rest. The temperature in the room should be lowered to 12-15 ° C, the intensity of irrigation should be slightly reduced.
Transplants and feeding
Spring transplants are necessary for the plant only when the pot has become noticeably cramped, and the roots are completely woven over the earthen room. Each time the stonefragment flowers are transplanted into a container, the diameter of which is 2-3 cm more than the previous one. Ceramics is considered the best material for a culture container.
Kamnelomku feed up all year round, even in the quiet winter period, otherwise the stems begin to lengthen and lose beauty and decorative. In winter, the plant is fertilized with solutions of flower dressings on a monthly basis, and from the beginning of spring to late autumn - once every 2 weeks. The culture is afraid of overfeeding, so they dissolve the drug in the double standard of water recommended in the annotation. Note that nitrogen fertilizers do not use, because they stimulate the growth of green mass to the detriment of flowering.
Conditions for growing saxifrage
Despite the high decorative effect, which attracts stone-sawing stone to itself, planting and caring for it will not cause difficulties even for a novice gardener. The plant will take root even on the soils of medium fertility. However, since it needs limestone, it will be useful to add limestone rubble to the soil. The optimal soil for saxifrage contains gravel, coarse sand, peat, clay and humus.
Not superfluous will be the introduction of superphosphates with impurities of organic matter. A rock garden from stones can be laid out around the bush, which will create sun protection for the roots and also contribute to the preservation of moisture.
The most important factor in the effective cultivation of this ground cover is good drainage. Considering that stagnation of water can be detrimental to the culture, it is necessary to think in advance where the stonegrass will grow. Planting and care will give good results in crevices between the rocks or on the slope. But with a prolonged drought, it is important to provide her with additional watering.
It is also noteworthy that, despite the need for good lighting, direct rays damage it. It is possible to solve this problem by determining the culture not on the top of the rock garden, but on the slope. In addition, any plant planted on the south side can be shielded from the destructive sun.
Among the difficulties that may lie in wait for the cultivation of saxifrage, the most dangerous rot, which is extremely difficult, and sometimes even impossible, to fight. The best way to save a plant is to cut the diseased specimen by selecting the healthy part and planting it.
Use in design
When planning a landscape design, you can safely expect that a place of honor in rock gardens, on artificial rocks and a hill, can be occupied by rock shredder. Planting and caring for it can be successful and under sparse crowns of trees, as well as shady niches among the stones, where gradually the culture effectively fills the unattractive vacant space. Well she proved herself in the forcing.
A variety of ground cover perennials for the garden
Ground cover include low-growing plants no more than 20 cm highthat grow very quickly, forming a lush "pillow" of greenery and flowers. But among them there are also relatively high ones, up to 40 cm high: geykhery, tiarelly, hosts, badan, cuff.
There are those that grow, spreading shoots on the ground, they are like an avalanche coming down from the mountains, filling the space of the garden. This is a sprat, obrietta, phylox styloid.
But all varieties of ground cover plants have general merits, for which they should love:
- durable and do not require frequent replanting,
- resistant to diseases and pests
- they are not demanding to soil fertility, watering, weeding (quickly growing, they themselves push out the weeds),
- drought and frost-resistant,
- quickly growing and filling all free areas, they can fulfill the role of mulching the soil, protecting it from the scorching sun, moisture is well retained under them,
- do not lose their decorative effect from early spring to late autumn,
For any conditions and corners of the flower garden or garden, you can pick up your ground cover plant.
Unpretentious creeping the plant feels better under the canopy of trees than in the bright sun. It can be used as a lawn, because It is resistant to trampling.
Frost-resistant Feels good on the banks of ponds. It blooms continuously from June to September with yellow flowers.
Thyme creeping (thyme)
Drought resistant creeping spicy a plant that forms dense cushions of small fragrant leaves as it grows. It grows and smells sweet only in the sun.
Soils should be sandy and dry. Does not need watering and top dressing.
Thyme creeping (thyme)
During flowering it becomes a real decoration of the garden, because of the abundance of flowers of the leaves is not visible at all. It grows in the sun, tolerates light partial shade.
Unpretentious a plant resembling Irish moss, up to 10 cm high. The stems are very soft and not fragile, can be used as a lawn.
Prefers to grow in partial shade. Fragrant bloom lasts from July to September.
This ground cover refers to shrubs with lignified shoots up to 30 cm.
Bushes branch well in the sun, stretched out in the shade and mats become more loose. Spike-blooming blooms from July to frost.
What about the price
Unpretentious to lighting and moisture plant. Blossoms in small blue-blue flowers, grows well.
UnpretentiousThe growing bushes are a dense carpet of light green color with a height of 15-20 cm.
Prefers soils of medium fertility, but must contain crushed stone, gravel or coarse sand. Watering requires moderate without stagnant water.
Periwinkle refers to evergreen ground covers with a height of 10-15 cm. Very unpretentious, quickly growing, forming a dense carpet of dark green color.
A well-growing groundcover with a very large variety of leaf colors. Unpretentious and very well combined with garden neighbors plant. It grows on light soils without stagnant water.
Evergreen Creeping Creeper, and can grow both vertically and spread on the soil. The main thing for plants is sufficient soil moisture. It does not have a very high frost resistance, therefore it is more common in the southern regions of Russia.
Chistets refers to high to ground covers from 30 cm high. The greyish green foliage is covered with silvery fibers. Inflorescences spikelets bloom lilac-lilac flowers.
A perennial plant, the creeping shoots of which, as they grow, form dense mats. It grows in full sun with fertile soil. It blooms in early summer for 1.5 months fragrant flowers, asterisks.
Unpretentious perennial plant with silvery pubescent leaves and white flowers.
Grow up only in sunny areas, does not need shelter for the winter.
Cold resistant perennial height up to 15cm, requiring frequent irrigation, sunny areas and nutritious soil. Growing sowing seeds in a permanent place, because she does not tolerate transplants. It blooms from May to July.
The scourge of this perennial ground cover reaches 50 cm. Not afraid of drought or frost. Emerald foliage is decorated with an abundance of inflorescences of different shades: pink, white, lilac, cream. And the aroma during flowering is incredible.
Fragrant absolutely unpretentious groundcover. There are varieties with vertical and creeping shoots. It grows on any soil, can be planted both in the sun and in the shade. Faded inflorescences must be cut to stimulate re-flowering.
Blooming all summer
Plant up to 40 cm tall with strongly branching shoots. The bloom is long, the color range is varied. By removing the flowering inflorescences, the flowering process is stimulated.
Ground cover, leaves and flowers like strawberries. The berries are not edible, although they look attractive and look like strawberries.
Can be classified as aggressive, as if to give free rein to it, it will flood the whole garden. It is easier to start than to get rid of it.
Armeria it blooming perennial height up to 30cm, with flowers-balls. Growing, it forms a continuous carpet from May to September. Grown in sunny places without stagnant water.
Very spectacular ground cover with small leaves. Plant height up to 15 cm with peduncles, while the height of the leaves is not more than 5 cm. It blooms from June to September in full sun.
Plant up to 20 cm high forming a dense carpet of leaves. All summer blooms with bright spike-shaped chameleon buds (at the beginning of flowering the flowers are pink, then red, blooming, turn brown).
Ground cover in landscape design
Цветущие почвопокровники используют для придания участку яркости и неповторимости. Ими освежают участки вдоль дорожек и бордюров, в цветниках их сажают на переднем плане, на их фоне основные растения смотрятся ярче.
Many of them grow on poor stony soils, therefore indispensable for alpine hills and rocky slopes. Using resistant to trampling as a lawn, easier to care for such a lawn - it does not need to constantly cut.
And what unusually beautiful succulent ground covers, without them it is impossible to imagine a single alpine slide.
In any garden there is a place for ground cover plants to decorate the site or to hide any flaws. They are unpretentious and will not take a lot of time to themselves, they are such, having planted that after a while you can forget about them.
Types and varieties of saxifrage
There are many species and varieties of this ornamental plant. Among them the most popular are the following types:
- Clamsfoot Arends,
- Saberweed weaving,
- The saxifrage is paniculata.
Sailor Arends - It is a type of saxifrage, which is distinguished by its short stature. It grows up to 20 cm in height. In the process of growth of this type a thick green coating is formed. Leaves - bright, green, separate among themselves. Begins to bloom this species in May. The flowers of this species have bright pink, bright red and white colors. Since this type of saxifrage is very resistant to frost, the Arend's saberjack is also popular in northern latitudes. Among the varieties of this species are the following most popular varieties:
- Peter Pan,
- Snow carpet
- Sleeping Beauty.
Saberfish Purple Mantle
Sawmill Weaving - also a low-growing plant. Its height ranges from 20 to 50 cm. This species grows on mountain slopes in Asian countries. It differs from others in the presence of long filament lashes. The leaves are almost round. Flowers form a complex brush. Mostly white or slightly red. Usually this type of saxifrage is planted at home. It blooms from May to August. From varieties of saxifrage weaving can be called:
- Maroon beauty,
- Harvest Moon.
Paniculata or Bedourant - This is a tall kind of flower. It grows up to 60 cm in height. This species is rarely used as a decorative ornament. Most often it is used as a treatment. The inflorescences of paniculata are umbellate, and the flowers are small in shape and usually white. The species blooms in May-June.
Soil and place
First you need to choose a place for landing of saxifrage. The soil can be any. It is not necessary that it is highly fertile and well fertilized. However, saxifrage loves limestone. Therefore, where the flower will grow, add a little lime.
It is very important to think over the limiter in advance. Since this groundcover flower, it occupies the entire area given to it. You must ensure that it does not interfere with their neighbors in the garden.
The saxifrage can be planted both in the sun and in a dark place. For the plant to grow well and for a long time, enhanced soil drainage is necessary. If water stagnates at the planting site, the roots may begin to rot.
How to plant in open ground?
To plant a plant in the soil, a number of actions are required:
- To form small holes in the ground,
- Place in the hole plant seedlings,
- Prikopat above ground
- Abundantly water the garden bed.
It is advisable to add the following fertilizers to the soil for planting:
Care for saxifrage does not require much trouble. Most species of this stone-breaking plant easily tolerate heat, frost, and drought.
Main secrets of care:
- Watering is required only when necessary., even if it is hot. Immediately after planting saxifrage, it is required to monitor the level of soil moisture. Then, when the plant covers the soil, it can itself retain moisture in the soil. That is why flower roots are not afraid of drought.
- Weeding is necessary only in open areas around saxifrage., as it is able to suppress weeds,
- No need to cover the flower in winter, as kamnelomka not afraid of frost.
Sort Pablo Picasso (Saxifraga Pablo Picasso)
How to grow from seed?
Growing from the seeds of saxweed is also quite possible and does not present any particular difficulties. The saxifrage can be grown from seeds, planting them immediately in open ground or on seedlings. This can be done by yourself. In order to plant a plant from seed to seedlings it is necessary to perform a number of the following actions:
- Fill the landing box with a thin drainage layer. Then from above it is necessary to fill in in advance prepared soil. It should include the following components: turf ground, sand, peat.
- Plant pre-dried seeds in a box in early spring. Seeds do not need to be deeply planted in the ground, just sprinkle them with sand and water them a little,
- To create a greenhouse effect, the box must be covered with foil. You can periodically moisten the soil, splashing it with water. The first shoots can be seen already on day 15,
- When the real leaves appear, the plants need to be planted in separate pots,
- As the pots warm, it is advisable to bring them out on the balcony to temper the flower before planting it in open soil,
- In early June, it is time to plant the plants in open soil.
Sawfishing "Paul Cézan" (Saxifraga ´Paul Cezanne´)
How to plant and how to care at home?
Kamnelomka room perfectly decorate the apartment. For planting plants in room conditions, you must choose a window that is not too illuminated by sunlight. In warm weather, it is advisable to put the plant on the balconies, as it loves fresh air.
The air temperature should be in the range of 20-25 degrees from spring to autumn. In winter, it is desirable to lower the temperature to 15 degrees.
It does not require abundant watering plants. In winter, saxifrage must be watered as little as possible. During the heat it is desirable to spray the flower with water. Water for irrigation should be taken warm and separated.
The land in which indoor stonefragment grows must be regularly fertilized. In the spring it should be done 1 time in 2 weeks. In winter it will be enough once a month and a half.
Application in landscape design
The saxifrage is a great success with landscape designers. With her help going on these masterpieces. The best place for planting saxifrage is alpine slides and rockeries.
Saberfoot is capable of fine fill the empty places in the gardens. The plant can instantly turn an empty rocky place into a chic floral carpet. Also these plants can decorate curbs.
The flower is perfectly combined with other plants of the same height. The best neighbors for stonefrips in the flower bed can be phlox, iris or tiarella.
Planting a plant
Insanely beautiful appearance has a decorative saxifrage, planting and caring for which does not imply any complicated manipulations.
The flowering and development of these perennials will be much better if a little limestone rubble, gravel, sand and peat are added to the planting ground. When planting stonefishes, provide them with a good drainage system, since a large amount of moisture can cause plants to die.
Care for saxifrage
Give attention and proper care to these amazing perennials, and they will reward you with their fantastic blooms. They need regular watering in moderate doses, as well as fertilizing with fertilizers (1 time per month). The soil around plants should always be loose and weeded.
Stone rock alpine plants often lay out around the stone shrubber bushes, which serve as a kind of protective barrier of the roots from the scorching sun and help preserve moisture.
When saxifrage blooms, the above-ground part of the plant is cut. This procedure is necessary for the emergence of new leaves. These perennial plants tolerate the winter season perfectly. If strong frosts occur, it is better to shelter the saxifrage.
Proper cultivation of saxifrage involves several important care points:
- keep the heat out (create a relative shadow),
- provide flow-through watering (drainage).
Fertilizer and dressing
Once every 4 weeks, along with the next watering, apply top dressing. The only exception is the period from October to February, when this should not be done. The concentration of liquid fertilizer should be at least two times less than that indicated on the package.
Attention! Avoid overfeeding the plant. Excessive fertilization can cause looseness of the crop and its defenselessness against dangerous infections.
Diseases and pests
The saxifrage is sufficiently resistant to pests and diseases. However, unfavorable growing conditions or improper care can cause infection or pest damage.
Dryness can cause damage to the plant with a spider mite. At the same time, a whitish cobweb will be visible on kamnelomke. Later, the mite infects the leaves, they become covered with yellow spots, dry out and gradually die off. Excessive moisture leads to powdery mildew or damage to the leaves of the plant by rust, which is created by a variety of fungi.
The most dangerous pests for these perennial plants are worms and green aphids.
This flower is modest, but very charming
The plant is called a ground cover, because if you give it free, for some time it will make your yard soft with a soft flowering carpet.
The flower is very unpretentious. In the wild, he survives in the rocks, near the mountains, on the embankments. Clinging to a crack in the stone, the flower slowly grows - and really expands its shelter, destroying the structure of the stone.
The popular name of the flower: the gap-grass.
It blooms from May to August. Its flowers are small, regular shape, and even with a barely noticeable, but pleasant smell. Petals can be pink, red, yellow, but more often white. If you look closely, they are close:
And this is how some people include rock-stone in their landscape design:
The most popular types and varieties with photos
Depending on the species, these bushes can grow up to 5 or 70 cm.
Branched roots occur not only at the base of the plant, they germinate on the creeping stems, when they fall on the ground - this explains this "weaving" of saxifrage on earth.
The leaves can be of different shapes and different shades. Interestingly, over time, they become covered with whitish limescale, which accumulates the plant.
In the genus Kamnelomok there are about 450 species. Many are cultivated, so they have already managed to “acquire” varieties.
The plant itself is low, the bushes rarely rise above 8 cm. The leaves are round, with cloves at the edges, collected in a dense outlet that has a bluish or grayish tint.
But the flowers bloom on high peduncles. They are collected in "panicles". May be white, yellow, less often red.
This creeping "creature" first turns green above the ground itself, but over time it can rise to a height of 30 or even 60 cm.
It is blooming in June, and its flowers are not only large, but also chameleons: at first they have a pink color, but with time they darken, turning lilac.
This evergreen "creature" really loves the shadow. It grows to 20 cm.
The leaves of kamnelomki rounded, with cloves. From above they are rich green, reddish below.
Small flowers bloom on long peduncles, not alone, but with panicles. They can be distinguished from paniculate stonework thanks to burgundy middle points.
Another view with round leaves, this time growing on the petioles. He is not afraid to grow in the shade, resistant to frost.
In the first month of summer, saxifrage blooms. Flowers bloom with panicles, their petals are white, but with characteristic pinkish dots.
And then there is a weaving stoneframe. This is not a garden, but a houseplant from the "unkillable". More information about her in this video:
How to care for saxifrage and whether to do it
In general, this plant is simply planted - and forget about it (as long as it does not begin to go beyond the flower beds). The main thing is to choose the right place for landing of saxifrage.
By the way, this may not necessarily be a flower bed. The saxifrage (any) with no less pleasure will be green in a wide flowerpot or on your balcony, in a drawer.
Rules for planting this plant
- Plot choose or in partial shade, or in the light.
- It is better if the soil is slightly acidic, well drained, loose. Although, however, this flower is not very picky about the ground. You can improve your flower bed by adding a little peat, sand, small pebbles, and hydrated lime when digging. Well proven and gravel mulch.
- The flowers almost do not need weeding - they turn off the weeds themselves.
- Planted plants for 20 cm from each other (do not worry, the flowerbed will not be empty, because the bushes will intertwine with each other very quickly). Holes for germs do shallow.
- If you plant saxifrage in a pot, buy wide, shallow pots. In one such plant at once on 3 bushes, for pomp. When they fill the entire pot with roots, transplant them into a “house” larger. And remember the drainage to the bottom!
- In the house, the flower in summer needs from 20 to 25 degrees, in the winter - about 12 (if the leaves are variegated, variegated, then at least 15 degrees). Don't you have a cold room? Flowers can winter and be warm, but in a room where the light is constantly on or under a lamp, otherwise they will stretch out in a non-decorative way. In spring, cut off half of the twigs. Every 5 years, remove old plants, replacing them with young ones.
- Spray the pot often. It can be watered, but little by little, so that it does not grow in a puddle (on a bed you can arrange a rain of their hose).
- You can feed up kamnelomku, alternating mineral complexes and organic. In summer they are given once in 2 weeks, in winter (indoor flowers) - once in 6-8 weeks.
- On the flowerbed, the flower winters without covering.
Growing (breeding) of saxifrage
- They are alive, like the flowers themselves - they can lie up to 3 years.
- Seeds need stratification (mix them with sand and keep in the refrigerator for up to 20 days, after which you can germinate).
- Sow seeds in March, laying on top of the soil of a homemade greenhouse. Sprinkle with spray.
- Seeds germinate quickly - in 7-15 days.
- When 3 leaves appear, seedlings dive. In May, they are tempered, carrying out into the street, and in June they are planted in open ground.
- This plant will bloom a year later.
- When the stalk of saxifrage touches the ground, roots grow out of the axils of the leaves. Sometimes they are airborne (appear even without contact with the soil). Cut off such a stalk and transfer it to a new place - it will take root there.
- It can be a little more complicated: in the summer, cut a couple of shoots from 10 to 15 cm. Root them in a glass of water or a mixture of wet peat and sand. By the autumn of saxifrage rooted. It should be put in a pot and kept all winter in the house, and in June move to a flower bed.
What you can go wrong and how to fix it
- Rust and powdery mildew. These diseases attack in dampness (if water stagnates in the ground, especially pottery). Sick branches will have to be removed (do not throw them into the compost, burn them), and treat the rest of the plant with a fungicide or blue vitriol. In especially rainy days it is better to cover the flower bed with flowers from above.
- Aphids, bites, pincers. They can attack both indoor and outdoor plants. Flowerbed can be sprayed with insecticide (the same "Aktara"). Home flower is better to treat with soapy water - it does not have an unpleasant smell and it is not dangerous for your home. Although if “bathing” does not help, you will have to move the pot to an open balcony or veranda and still treat it with an insecticide.
Like a flower? Do you want to show more plants of the same type, good options for rock gardens and similar flowerbeds? That way:
Origin, description and species
Saberweed is also called ripping-grass. For the most part, the saxifrage flower is a perennial, although there are annual and biennial varieties.
In natural conditions, saxifrage grows in mountainous areas. And it is not surprising, because the name itself is translated from Latin as rock and breaking. Despite the fact that this plant is delicate, it has a strong root system, and this allows the saxifrage to literally chop the stone. The largest distribution of saxifrage received in the mountains of the Caucasus and Eurasia. It can also be found in Central America and some parts of Africa.
The saxifrage belongs to the stone-heel family, its varieties number about 440.
From the strong root grow delicate stems, they are upright. From the main stem grow extra. Shoots can grow up to 60 cm in length. From the stems are formed small leaves. The shape of the leaves is oval or shovel-shaped, but different plant varieties may have different leaf shapes. Some species have jagged edges. leaves. The color of the leaves can be quite varied from light green to dark green; there may be a border of white or pink on the leaves. Leaves can grow in pairs or stray. The leaves are formed into a rosette, which reaches a length of 12 cm. The surface of the leaves in different species can be velvety, leathery or fleshy.
Long stalks depart from the stem. Peduncle consists of an umbrella, paniculate or racemose inflorescence. The flowers can be painted lemon, white, pink or crimson color. A single flower has five symmetrically arranged petals. After flowering on the plant boxes are formed with seeds. The boxes themselves open after ripening and the seeds fall out. При хорошем уходе цветение происходит с мая по август. Но даже без цветов растение имеет декоративный вид.
Камнеломку можно выращивать как домашнее растение в подвесных кашпо, а можно высаживать в открытый грунт.
- Метельчатая. Камнеломка метельчатая часто высаживается на альпинариях, горках, бордюрах. It should be planted in the soil rich in humus. Kammelomka paniculata likes frequent watering. Reproduction occurs by rhizome division.
- Weave. This variety differs from others in that it has red stems, due to which it looks more decorative and unusual. Stems can reach a length of 1 m. The stone-sawing stone can be grown indoors, on hills, in greenhouses and winter gardens. Reproduction occurs with child outlets.
- Cesium This type of saxifrage requires special care conditions and soil quality, so only experienced growers grow it.
- Tupolistnik. This stonefragment is planted in sunny areas, in a soil that does not contain limestone. You can propagate the child rosettes and seeds.
- Super leaf and hard leaf. These varieties are obtained grow only on soils with a high content of calcium. In addition to flowers, the plant is given ornamental leaves with unusual leaves. It is possible to propagate such stonefrips by cuttings or dividing rhizomes.
- Hawkbacks. It grows well on sloping surfaces. The best method of reproduction is sowing seeds for seedlings.
- Arends. This species grows well in sunny areas and in the shade. This feature of the species allows you to plant the plant on any sites. The view is beautiful breeding cuttings or dividing the bush.
For planting, you need to choose a plot with nutrient substrate and the presence of drainage. So that excess moisture does not stagnate at the roots, the plant is planted on small slopes. Landing site can be additionally made easier. To do this, lay out sand on the surface of the soil and dig it well.
Young plant carefully removed from the container in order not to damage the roots. The root system is extracted along with a clod of earth. So that the soil does not crumble before the transplant begins, it needs to be shed well.
At the site make holes and planted plants there. The soil around the plants is well tamped. Between plants it is necessary to keep a distance of about 10 cm. This distance provides a uniform coverage of the soil with greens, without empty tracts of land.
After planting the area with plants watered with warm water.
Further care is in the most simple events.