Aphids on roses - a common phenomenon, and get rid of it is not easy. How to remove harmful insects and how to treat roses from aphids? There are many different ways, including effective chemical compounds and folk recipes. Their effectiveness has been tested by time, and it will be up to gardeners to decide which means will be the best, depending on how strongly insects “attacked” a vulnerable shrub.
Mechanical aphid disposal
The easiest and harmless way to remove aphids. It is recommended to use it at the first appearance of aphids. It is enough to put on gloves designed for working in the garden and crush the creeper with your fingers. Nothing disgusting and complicated in tacosThere is no cleaning. This is just a simple protection of roses from pests. Aphids are such a small insect that a handful of these pests in the palms cannot be distinguished from ordinary dirt and dust.
Aphids are easily washed off with a stream of water from a hose. She is physically so helpless that it is removed when watering. Here it is important to take care not to break the bushes. Washed aphid is usually eaten by garden insects, as it is the food of other insects (wasps, spiders, ladybirds).
Rinse aphids should be a few days in a row to wash off and newly emerging insects from eggs. Often can be seen on the bushes of roses ladybirds or birds. In no case should you drive them away, since they are the ones who eat the aphids while saving the plants from damage.
The most effective remedies for aphids include:
- Potato infusion from tops.
0.5 kg of chopped tops of boiling water pour boiling water (5 l), insist 48 hours, strain, add 50 g of soap. Thrice with a break of a week to spray rose bushes, affected by aphids.
- Infusion of garlic cloves.
Chopped peeled garlic cloves (about 100 g) pour cold water (3 l), insist 3 hours. Then strain the obtained product, add another 3 liters of water, mix evenly and process the roses. Spraying is carried out once a week for two months with a weekly interval.
- Tobacco decoction.
Tobacco (400 g) pour water (9 l). Boil for half an hour, insist 2 days, strain through cheesecloth. Dissolve 40 g of household soap (preferably green) in a liter of water, mix with the prepared tobacco broth. Spray the plants. Such processing should be carried out as needed.
- Tomato-garlic (bulbous) infusion.
Grind 400 g of tomato leaves and 300 g of garlic or onion through a meat grinder. Pour the mixture with three liters of water, insist 6-8 hours, strain, increase the volume of liquid to 10 liters, add 40 g of grated soap and spray roses. Repeat the procedure should be carried out only during the new appearance of pests.
- Cope with aphids will help and husks of onions. It is necessary to fill it with hot water, insist day and process shrubs.
Mechanical disposal of aphids is good only with frequent inspections of plants and early detection of lesions.
How to get rid of aphids on roses with the help of folk remedies?
Real gardeners have many tricks to deal with aphids on roses. With their help, you can carefully grow roses, protecting plants from pests. The most common way to control aphids is to protect roses with other plants, such as marigolds. The peculiar scent of marigolds, cased around rose bushes, repels aphids and protects roses from damage and disease.
Also popular in the fight against aphids enjoys a soap solution. They should handle the roses as soon as the first signs of infection appear. To prepare such a solution is very simple. You should put a bar of laundry soap in a bucket of water so that the soap dissolves and the water becomes soapy. For the fastest dissolution of soap in water, it is recommended to rub it on a grate. The prepared solution must be poured into the sprayer and the entire surface of the shrubs treated, paying special attention to the affected places.
If the rose bushes are thickly covered with aphids, it is necessary to thoroughly wash the leaves, branches, and flowering buds with a soapy solution. To simplify the work, carefully dip the plant in a bucket of soapy water. This method of treatment will save roses from pests without causing any harm. The only caveat is to take care when processing, so as not to break the stalks of the plant.
To get rid of aphids on roses with the help of folk remedies, it is best to use infusions from potato tops, young shoots of garlic, onion peels, tomato tops, and wormwood. For the preparation, it is enough to insist the raw material poured in with water for at least 24 hours, after which spray the roses.
To get rid of aphids using chemicals should be only if folk remedies and mechanical cleaning did not give positive results. Before splashing onto roses with aphids, you need to purchase certified insecticides. It is advisable to do this in special garden stores.
Choosing a suitable remedy for aphids, it is better to give preference to drugs, which indicate that they are suitable for roses.
The best proven chemicals for aphids are:
Do not forget that the use of strong chemicals can harm both the pests themselves and the plants and other harmless inhabitants of the garden. It is best to give preference to more benign methods of dealing with aphids.
It is important for flower growers to observe the following rule: bypassing flowerbeds daily, inspect rose gardens, take care of plants as needed, regularly inspect them for damage by aphids.
Healthy intact roses, for which ongoing care and periodic measures against pests, are as follows:
Cons of chemical processing
It is not recommended to use chemicals on garden plots to combat aphids, since after treatment:
- it becomes impossible to use rose petals for cosmetic and culinary purposes,
- insecticides used are dangerous for fruits and vegetables growing nearby,
- pests become addicted to drugs and become immune.
It is more expedient to use environmentally safe means for treating roses, changing and alternating them periodically.
Methods of dealing with aphids
To successfully overcome the pest, use:
- mechanical methods
- folk remedies,
- chemical compositions.
Emaciated Stepanenko: I weighed 108, and now 65. At night she drank warm. Read more here.
Each method is effective, but differs in the way it affects the insect. When choosing a method, it is better to choose one that will have a less negative impact on the plant. At home better use safer methods.
Soda water has a powerful effect. It even easily removes rust, so the destruction of aphids by Coca-Cola is doomed to success.
Coca-Cola should be prepared in this way:
- 3st is added to the beverage bottle. spoons of detergent
- everything is thoroughly mixed
- after the foam settles, the liquid is poured into a container with a spray,
- the solution is sprayed to rose leaves become wet.
Tip! Coca-Cola can be replaced with a simpler lemonade.
Kerosene will help remove aphids:
- on a bucket of water
- ml (3 dice, if using a syringe) of kerosene,
- should be added rubbed soap.
It is required to get a little sticky solution. The shrub is processed with the resulting composition before flowering. A day later, it requires a profuse, washing away traces of the composition, watering.
Important! Kerosene does not like ants that contribute to the breeding of aphids.
Ammonia copes with pests:
- dissolve 6 tbsp. l ammonia,
- in 1 liter of water.
Spraying is done weekly until the plant louse is completely destroyed.
The use of celandine provides an excellent effect. Herb infusion is prepared as follows:
- 400 g leaves, you can take dry or fresh,
- pour 1 liter of water
- day mass infused
- then it boils for half an hour,
- the cooled medium is filtered.
Infusion sprinkle the leaves on the rose.
Soap solution has proven itself as an effective method. It will take the usual laundry soap:
- in 1 liter of water
- dissolve 50 g of solid soap.
Worthnotice! Dark laundry soap more effectively. It does not contain harmful additives, does not harm the roses.
Roses are treated with a solution daily in the evenings. After a couple of weeks, the aphid will completely disappear.
The soda solution will remove the aphids and will not harm the roses:
- in 1 liter of water
- dissolve 30 g of powder.
Shoots affected by aphids, gently dipped into the solution, hold a quarter of an hour.
Peel the citrus peel and pour boiling water. For 1 liter of boiling water you need 300 grams of peel. Infusion should stand for 3 days in a warm, dark place. Further they are sprayed with roses.
The use of vinegar provides a strong effect, but its solution can burn young leaves, delicate buds:
- 2 tbsp. l vinegar,
- dissolved in a bucket of water.
You can spray the plants with the solution, water the roses from the watering can.
Not bad to use tar soap. This product will completely scare away ants, destroy pests that feed on the juices of roses.
The solution is done like this:
- 1 kg of ash poured 0.5 buckets of boiling water,
- the mixture is brought to a boil, cooled,
- 30 g of tar soap are added to the solution.
The resulting composition is sprayed with roses.
Iodine will remove the lamb if it is mixed with milk. Prepare the solution using a syringe:
- in 1 liter of water
- dissolve half a cup of milk,
- add 0.5 ml of iodine.
Important! The drug with iodine protects against aphids, prevents the occurrence of fungal diseases.
The sharp smell of garlic deters aphids. When deciding how can you handle rosesgarlic will be a good option.
For cooking means take:
- 100 g peeled garlic cloves,
- poured into 3 liters of water
- the infusion must be kept warm for at least 3 hours,
- further filter
- bring the volume of water up to 6 liters.
If a attacked aphid, serum is used undiluted. She needs to water the infected plants. Sometimes a little iodine is added (20 drops per bucket of water) to increase processing efficiency.
For aphids will help the connection of copper sulphate with urea. The resulting composition is applied in early spring if the temperature reaches + 5 degrees and lasts for 3-4 days.
- 350 g of urea,
- 25 g of vitriol,
- it all dissolves in 1 liter of water.
Watch the video! Aphids on roses - get rid way number 2
Features of prevention
Ants are carriers of harmful aphids. Ants contribute to the breeding of aphids. Prevention necessarily involves not just inspection of roses, but also the removal of doubtful buds, leaves. Ants should be removed as far as possible.
Black ants breed aphids. Green aphid serves them as a cash cow. Ants are collecting sweet honeydew, eat extra insects. Delicious excretions of aphids are food for ants.
Ways to fight ants:
- poison baits and traps around the bushes,
- shedding roses with sawdust flavored with lavender oil,
- cultivation of land semolina and millet,
- place scotch tape near sticky side up.
It is necessary to destroy the anthills themselves. To do this, the colony can be moved to another place, apply folk remedies and chemicals.
Disadvantages of chemical processing
Chemicals are not recommended in gardens because:
- this makes it impossible to use rose petals in cosmetics and cooking,
- insecticides used are dangerous for other plants growing nearby,
- pests are addictive, funds become ineffective.
The best results come from environmentally friendly products that are required to alternate periodically. They are quite effective, safe, provide complete disposal of aphids. There is always the possibility of selecting the most appropriate substances, processing methods that will provide a fast, sustainable result.
Watch the video! The best cure for aphids!
What is aphid?
This is ant's best friend. Ants, like shepherds, graze their herd of aphids and protect it from other insects that can feed on it. The fact is that ant friends emit sweetenerthat ants eat happily. Because of this fluid, the damaged plant looks sticky. Such is the unusual kind of symbiosis. Therefore, it is necessary to get rid of the pest along with the destruction of ants.
Roses are the favorite object of aphids. The parasite on the roses settles on the young emerging leaves and buds in early May. Already in June large colonies of these small and dangerous insects appear. If you do not fight the parasite, it will lead to the fact that the plant will hurt, badly bloom and may eventually die. How to get rid of aphids on roses? There are several ways to fight:
- Folk remedies
Let's take a closer look at all methods of fighting insects.
The insect is very soft, as there is no protective shell, and it is easy to crush with your fingers. The pest on roses settles on the very tops of the bush. Just wear ordinary gloves to work in the garden and walk around with your hands, crushing an insect. Crushed aphid easy washed off with water from a garden hose. It must be washed off for several days in a row. Thus, it is possible to process roses when there are few bushes. But if you have a whole rose garden, then it will be time consuming to fight with aphids.
Ladybugs also help to combat aphids. If you notice these wonderful insects on the rose bushes, do not rush them away. In the fight against aphids - they are your faithful helpers. Ladybirds eat aphids.
Folk remedies for getting rid of aphids
Each gardener has his own secrets, how to get rid of aphids on roses and other cultural and ornamental plants. The easiest way known to everyone is soap solution. Put a piece of soap in a bucket, cover it with warm water, let it swell and soften. You can also grate a piece of grated soap. Then rinse it well in water. The resulting soap solution must be treated plants. Concentrated soap solution is poured into a spray bottle, and then damaged plants are treated.
By the way, you can add that a dish detergent can help to get rid of aphids on roses. Liquid soap is better not to use.
Another safe way to fight is planting other plantsthat scare away aphids. For example, for these purposes marigolds are suitable. They secrete essential oils that have a devastating effect on aphid colonies. As a result, the aphid simply does not settle in those places where there are such plants. It is clear that marigolds should be planted as early as possible, before the appearance of aphids.
Help fight insects as well. various infusions. Consider several options.
Infusion of potato tops. The potato stalks contain substances that are antagonists of aphids. It is necessary to chop the ½ kg of tops well and pour 5 liters of hot water. Insist 2 days. Then to enhance the effect you need to add 50 g of rubbed soap. Spray damaged plants once a week. The procedure must be repeated 3-4 times.
Infusion of garlic cloves. 100-150 g of garlic must be crushed in a mortar and filled with cold water. Three liters is enough. Insist about 3 hours. Then bring the volume to five liters. We process the plants once a week until the aphids completely disappear.
Decoction of tobacco leaves. Tobacco also helps to fight with aphids. If you grow tobacco in the garden plot, then 400-500 g of this plant should be poured with water (9-10 liters) and boiled for 2 hours. Then the broth should cool and brew for 2 days. You can also add 40-50 g of rubbed soap. Prepared broth we process plants as needed.
Very good complex infusions and decoctions. For example, getting rid of a pest helps tomato-onion-garlic-soap infusion. It is necessary to twist 500 g of tomato tops in a meat grinder, add 250-300 grams of onion or garlic, 40 g of soap. All this we insist day, and then we process plants. You can also pour onion peel with hot water, insist for 24 hours and, in combination with other ingredients (garlic, tops of potatoes, tomatoes, soap), treat damaged roses.
If the parasite on the bushes is not too much, then you can get rid of it sprinkling a mixture of wood and tobacco dust. It is necessary to sift wood ash, mix it with the cheapest tobacco (“Prima”, “Our brand” and other cheapest cigarettes will do). We mix ashes with tobacco in equal volumes. The resulting mixture is well sprinkled on damaged areas of plants. Such processing can get rid of aphids in just one session.
Other ways to fight
Earlier, we mentioned that to effectively deal with aphids is also necessary fight ants. It is difficult to fight ants, but it is possible. For example, you can place baits with honey and boric acid near bushes. Ants can not resist the alluring smell of honey, but boric acid is detrimental to them. Please note that honey will attract different insects, and boric acid, unfortunately, is destructive for everyone.
You can also purchase several bottles of essential oils in a pharmacy. Tea tree, eucalyptus and mint oils are suitable. Масла необходимо разбрызгать на почву вокруг кустов роз. Пары масел будут отпугивать муравьев.
If you have cinnamon or lavender powder, they are also suitable for protection against ants. Sprinkle the bushes and the earth around them with powder, and the ants will avoid these places in every possible way.
Well still lure to your site ladybirds. God's boxes adore the smell of plants such as clover, tansy, yarrow, dill. At the same time, it is not necessary to plant these plants around roses. Enough spread out fragrant twigs around the bushes. After a while, ladybirds will appear. Feeling the wonderful aroma of your favorite plants and finding an abundance of food in the form of a juicy aphid, ladybugs will become your guests for a long time.
Aphid disposal chemicals
In this article we will not talk in detail about the chemical means of getting rid of aphids. The fact is that chemicals are harmful, they break the fragile garden balance, accumulate in plants and harm our health. They should be resorted to only when it is impossible to deal with aphids with the help of proven folk remedies.
Among the most effective means should be mentioned:
These are complex poisons, with a rather high hazard class. Among these poisons can recommend "Aktar". The fact is that this drug contains antibiotics that kill insects. It is important to note that the poison is toxic to beneficial insects - bees and ladybirds. Think again before you start using them. Before use, be sure to read the instructions carefully. Do not forget to use protective gloves, goggles and masks.
Ways to get rid of aphids set. Choose any. The main thing to remember is that moderation is needed everywhere to not make it worse. How to handle roses - chemistry or folk decoction and infusions - it's up to you. If done correctly, your pets will delight you with a beautiful flowering, pleasant aroma.
Water and soap
Plants that have symptoms of aphid infestation are wiped with a damp sponge. It is moistened in a concentrated solution of household or antibacterial soap:
- 5–6 l of water is heated on the stove.
- 250–300 g of solid soap shavings are thrown into a hot liquid or 200 ml of liquid are poured.
- Cook the solution for 5 minutes, then cool and stir well.
- Wear thick rubber gloves on your hands. They will protect your palms and fingers from scratches and protect weakened roses from bacteria.
- Sponge soaked in soapy water, squeeze, and then wipe each leaf and the base of the bush.
- The surviving bugs are crushed with their hands, and then the treated roses are poured over the hose to flush away the residuals.
The flowers are bathed in the evening so that the moisture will evaporate until morning. Water droplets attract the sun, which leaves burns on the leaves.
Ants are one of the main causes of aphids. Black and red insects protect the pests and transfer them from one bush to another. To defeat the green bugs, you need to destroy the ants:
- Place double-sided tape or paper treated with non-drying glue around the rose bushes.
- Place the bait with poison, for example, minced with borax or honey with boric acid.
- Treat ant trails with unrefined sunflower oil, elderberry or wormwood tincture. Scatter dry or fresh peppermint sprigs.
- Saturate the ground around the bushes with essential oils. Suitable eucalyptus, mint and tea tree.
- Sprinkle the roots of the plant with cinnamon or lavender powder. You can treat the ground with semolina or millet.
When the aphid has no defenders left, it is necessary to draw ladybirds into the garden. Spotted insects like the smell of some plants:
It is not necessary to plant marigolds or tansy around roses. You can hang around the bushes a few sprigs of fragrant plants and wait until the ladybugs arrive on the smell. Some gardeners specially collect spotted insects and bring them to the site. If you plant at least one ladybird on a bush that was attacked by green bugs, in 2-3 days there will be nothing left from the pests.
Aphids are destroyed by small songbirds: tits, linnets, robins, sparrows and blood beetles. Birds hunters lure feeders with bread crumbs and grain, drinkers with water and nesting boxes.
Titmies and sparrows will clean the roses from aphids and other harmful bugs in a matter of days. The way has a minus, because birds, unlike the ladybirds, eat all insects. Both bad and useful.
Natural decoctions and infusions destroy aphid colonies in 1–1.5 weeks. They are safe, do not harm pets and birds.
Yellowed roses are sprayed with a decoction of wormwood. Prepare a deterrent from 2 kg of raw or 700 g of dry raw materials. Grass is poured over 10 liters of water, boiled for 15 minutes, infused for 4–5 hours. Broth does not need to be diluted. It is filtered and immediately poured into a bottle with a spray. Liberally sprayed leaves, buds and roots of bushes. The treatment is repeated after 7 days. Aphids disappear after the second or third procedure.
Beetles against bugs
Voracious insects scares the smell of tomatoes. The leaves or tops of tomatoes are soaked in water. On a ten-liter bucket of liquid take 4–5 kg of fresh raw materials. Put the pot with the workpiece on medium heat, boil for 15 minutes. When the solution has cooled, it is poured into a bottle and sprayed with roses. In a decoction of tomatoes moisten a soft sponge and wipe the leaves of flowers, soak the buds.
In the potato tops contain a toxic substance - corned beef. It destroys aphids and protects flowers from other insects. In a bucket or barrel mix 1.5 kg of potato tops and 11 liters of cold water. Capacity cover, leave the sun. Filter in 4 hours, sprayed the bushes and the ground around them.
Ash and milk
Scare away green pests wood ash. It will take 300 grams of ash and 1 liter of warm water. The ingredients are stirred and infused for several hours. When the ash settles to the bottom, the solution is carefully poured and diluted with 5 liters of water. The result is a concentrated product, which is sprayed with buds and rubbed leaves.
Mix 1 l of this milk with 10 l of distilled water. Fill the solution with 20 drops of iodine. Harvesting destroys aphids and provides roses with nutrients, helps the flowers to recover.
Onions and Tobacco
The weakened bushes, on which a fungus or mold appeared because of the aphids, are sprayed with solutions containing volatile production. Substances present in onions and garlic. Products made from such products have a persistent and rather unpleasant odor that repels insects.
Several peeled onions or garlic heads are crushed and rubbed with laundry soap. Suitable liquid antibacterial or tar. Take 10 g of each ingredient, pour 1 l of water and insist until the soap dissolves. Strain the onion liquid through cheesecloth, spray the roses. It is desirable to process and healthy bushes that the aphid did not have time to capture.
The ground around insect-infested flowers is sprinkled with tobacco dust. Bugs do not like the smell of the product, so they leave the garden. Tobacco is used to prepare a solution:
- Pour 1.5 kg of dust 10 liters of water.
- Heat to 80 degrees, but make sure the liquid does not boil.
- The solution is infused overnight, and in the morning they filter and abundantly moisten the roses with concentrated liquid.
Delicate varieties of plants are sprayed with an onion peel. Pour 2–3 kg of billet into the pan, pour 5 liters of water. Boil until liquid turns reddish. Strain the broth to cool, mix with 2 spoons of liquid soap. Spray the roses once a week.
Kerosene and Lemonade
Coca-Cola removes rust from iron and flowers from aphids. Pour 3 tablespoons of liquid soap into a soda bottle, shake it several times, and when the foam settles, attach a spray bottle and process the bushes. Instead of Coca-Cola use cheap lemonade.
Sprayed with liquid ammonia. Mix 60 ml of product with a liter of water. Aphids after treatment disappears for 1-1.5 weeks, then you need to repeat the procedure. Pests repels vodka and ethyl alcohol. Alcohol is diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 3.
Destroys aphid kerosene emulsion. The composition of the repelling solution includes:
- grated laundry soap - 100 g,
- boiled water - 100 ml,
- kerosene - 200 ml.
Stir the billet to dissolve the soap. Add 10 liters of warm water. Roses are sprayed with kerosene emulsion once a week, preferably in the evening. After 24 hours, the bushes are plentifully watered with ordinary water, which should wash off the remaining solution from the sheets and buds.
What kind of insect aphid and the reasons for its appearance
If aphid appeared on roses, it is very easy to recognize it and distinguish it from other insects. These are small bugs with an oval-shaped body. Their color may vary depending on the species, age and habitat. So, there is a green aphid: a bug, disguised as a color of young leaves and grass. It happens and white aphid, and see it even easier for the characteristic dairy color of the body. The bug is transparent, and its length varies from two to seven millimeters, so it is quite possible to notice it with the naked eye and take timely measures.
The reasons for the appearance of these bugs, mainly, is that it is the rose that serves as their main delicacy along with other garden and garden crops. The pest wakes up in April-month along with flowers and shrubs, actively grows, multiplies and spreads around the garden plot in search of food.
What is dangerous for roses aphid
Aphids on home rose and garden flowers brings the same harm. The growing point is damaged first, and then the beetle settles on the stems and on the rosebuds. He has a thin proboscis, and with his help he pulls out all the sap from the plants, as a result of which they become stunted, sick and quickly develop fungal infections: they quickly hit the rose when it weakens as a result of the loss of nutrients. You can highlight the main signs of defeat aphids:
- foliage begins to curl,
- on the inner side of it are found insects in large quantities,
- the sheet is covered with honeydew (sticky liquid released by the aphids),
- the tips of the foliage dry up.
How to get rid of aphids with the help of folk remedies
If the gardener has a prejudice against fast-acting, but toxic and unsafe chemical compounds, you can use any folk remedy for aphids on roses. Each solution is easily prepared at home, because its components are always on hand in the household. Destroying aphids using folk methods is also realistic, but the process itself is much more scrupulous and time consuming, but safe for people, pets and the environment in general.
Treatment with soap and water - an affordable and easy way. Take soap (50g) or liquid (2 teaspoons) and dissolve in a liter of water. Shrubs are sprayed every day in the evening before the pests disappear.
Garlic infusion is also easy to prepare. One head is cleaned, finely chopped and filled with a liter of water. Infused for 24 hours, then the garlic is filtered and a teaspoon of soap is added to the solution. Spraying is carried out every other day.
Soda against aphids and now used often. 30 grams will be enough to prepare a good solution for young shoots of roses. 30 g of soda dissolved in a liter of water, and the branches are carefully immersed in the resulting composition with an exposure of 10-15 minutes. This gentle treatment does not damage the shrub and is quite effective.
Another popular folk remedy is onion peel. It is simply filled with hot water, infused for 24 hours, after which the bush can be treated daily.
Ammonia against aphids is used in this proportion: six tablespoons of ammonia are diluted in 1 liter of water, and the treatment is convenient in that it is carried out only once a week until the insects disappear.
A solution of manganese (potassium permanganate) has a characteristic pink color and is applied at a ratio of five grams of a substance to ten liters of water. It is recommended to spray the plants with potassium permanganate once in the evening, and then look at how the insects will behave and carry out the procedure until they are destroyed.
Mustard from aphids is often used in a dry form, in those places where most ants are accumulated, which are the cause of these bugs. Dry mustard powder crumbles under bushes, ants disappear, and aphids disappear behind them. Mustard can also be used as a spraying solution: dissolve 100 grams of powder in ten liters of water and hold the event as insects are noticed.
Broth from a wormwood prepares from a dry grass in number of 700 g, or fresh (2 kg will be required). It is necessary to boil the broth for ten minutes in a large container with ten liters of water. Dilution is not required: when the liquid has cooled, it must be immediately poured into the bottle in a spray bottle. An abundant spraying of the shrub is carried out with special attention to the affected areas, and a week later the procedure should be repeated. Gardeners claim that insects die after the 2nd or 3rd treatment.
An unusual composition in the form of milk and iodine can also be used to combat aphids. You need to take a vial of ordinary iodine, mix it with milk in the amount of one cup and pour a liter of pure water. Shrub foliage is abundantly wetted, especially from below, and the result will not be long in coming. This treatment, if there are a lot of insects, is allowed to be repeated several times.
Of course, there are many remedies for aphids on roses, but if it has not yet appeared, the sooner preventive measures are taken, the better. Experienced gardeners are advised to plant marigolds next to roses: these bright flowers have a sharp smell that will scare away aphids, protecting rose bushes.
Regular and proper care is important in the form of timely removal of weeds, pruning and careful caring watering. Dusting the ground around the shrub with wood ash will be an excellent way to prevent the appearance of not only aphids, but also other pests.
It is necessary to pay attention to the area where it is planned to plant a rose bush. It should be well ventilated and not have around too thick "thickets" of other plants. Also, the periodic introduction of beneficial dressings will contribute to the resistance of roses to insects. Nitroamofoska perfectly suited to the growing season, and in the summer cow manure will be a good fertilizer, which should be introduced at intervals of two weeks. Iodine will also serve as a good prophylaxis (the method of preparing a solution with milk is described above), from time to time the same composition is successfully used for prophylactic purposes.
As for organic fertilizers, you can practice using Humisol or Vermisol. Instead, they often use ordinary non-granulated biohumus. One sachet of the substance is dissolved in a bucket of water, infused for two days, then diluted with water at a ratio of 1: 3 and an excellent prophylactic solution for spraying is ready for use.
When caring for roses, you should always carefully examine the shrubs for the appearance of harmful insects as well. Remembering that the louse likes to accumulate on the wrong side of the leaves, a good gardener will always carefully examine the bush from all sides. A few bugs can be easily destroyed mechanically, wearing gloves, and in order to avoid their further occurrence, one of the available folk or chemical means should be sprayed as soon as possible.
The best remedy against the appearance of aphids on roses are preventive measures that contribute to "scaring" insects from shrubs. They are more benign than chemistry, which, unfortunately, can’t do without in serious cases. Therefore, any gardener should take care of roses, taking appropriate measures and identifying pests as early as possible so that the confrontation with them will not be long and unsuccessful.
Aphids on roses, get rid of:
Adding an article to a new collection
The fight against aphids on roses can last the entire season and be carried out with alternate success, because getting rid of these insects for good is almost impossible. However, there are methods that can reduce the number of treatments and calmly enjoy the blooming of roses.
Experienced gardeners do not wait for characteristic traces to appear on the leaves, but carry out the first treatment from aphids in the spring, that is, they are beaten in advance. But once, alas, is not enough, depending on the chosen means, you will have to repeat the steps from 3 to 7-9 times.
The first sign of the appearance of aphids is the abundance of ants scurrying along the stalks of the rose.
What is dangerous for roses?
Rose green aphid (it is this species that occupies your spiky plantations) can destroy flowers both by itself and by suffering diseases. If you find even a small colony of aphids on flowers, you shouldn’t pull away with processing - it will not resolve itself. Aphids on roses promises you a lot of problems:
- twisting and yellowing of the leaves,
- deformation and drying of buds and flowers,
- leaf cover sticky powdery,
- reproduction of black sooty fungus on a mealy plaque, reducing photosynthesis,
- infection of plants with viral and fungal diseases,
- гибель ослабленного растения или всех растений в розарии (в особо запущенных случаях).
Профилактика появления тли (привлечение на участок божьих коровок и златоглазок, высадка бархатцев, гречихи, тмина, иссопа и т.д.) не всегда спасает от появления колоний, поэтому лучше всегда держать под рукой и эффективные средства борьбы с тлей.
Способы борьбы с тлей
An inexperienced florist, whose rose garden first appeared on aphids, the control measures are unknown and seem rather blurry. It is clear that you need to buy something and somehow process the plants, however, where to start is completely incomprehensible. In fact, everything is simple, and the aphids on roses can be divided into three groups.
Mechanical treatment of rose bushes from aphids
As soon as you notice aphids on your roses, you should start processing. If the insects are still small, you can get by mechanical removal of pests. They do it in two ways - washing it off with a powerful jet of water from a hose or smashing it with gloved hands.
Before proceeding to the mechanical removal of the aphids, tear off and burn the affected (twisted and yellowed) leaves.
It is necessary to wash the aphids off the bushes for several days in a row to get rid of those pests that have just hatched from the eggs. By itself, the aphid, which fell on the ground, is absolutely helpless and quickly becomes the prey of ladybirds, gold-eyed, spiders, wasps and other predatory insects.
If the aphids are still quite small, wear rubber gloves and simply crush the nascent colonies right on the stems and leaves, and then drench the bush with water. Aphid is small and soft, so this process will not give you any discomfort.
The fight against aphids folk remedies
Processing aphids folk remedies is reduced to spraying roses with a variety of infusions and decoctions that have a strong smell or taste and turn the flowers into a completely unappetizing food for aphids. There are many recipes, but most often gardeners respectfully speak of a few of them.
Soap solution from aphids
Grate the laundry soap on a grate (you will need 4-5 tbsp of chips), dissolve it in a liter of water and pour the solution into a spray bottle. Treat them plants, repeat it every 2 weeks or after heavy rain.
Take only soap, because flavored toilet, on the contrary, will be an additional bait for aphids and other harmful insects.
Infusion of tobacco dust from aphids
Pour half a glass of tobacco dust with a liter of water and boil the mixture for half an hour. Give it a day to insist, strain, dilute with water twice and add a little (10-20 g) of laundry soap. Spray the mixture with roses every 14-20 days.
The main "shepherds" and aphid breeders are ants, so you have to fight with them, destroying large anthills on your site.
Professional Aphid Preparations
Purchased in-store anti-aphid drugs are distinguished by their effectiveness, speed of action and long-term action. However, not everyone is ready to apply "chemistry" on their site. If the aphids on your roses are scarce, get along with folk remedies, but if all the plants are already affected, and the colonies are spreading through the garden at an incredible speed, threatening not only flowers, but also the harvest of fruit and berry crops, go to "heavy artillery."
The most effective (and sold in any garden store, which is also important) preparations for aphids are the following:
- Anticlesch Max,
- Calypso Spray,
They are applied strictly according to the instructions - some are enough to use twice per season, others will have to be applied three times. It is important that, like biological products from aphids, they should be used as soon as you find the first pests, while strictly following the dosage. Remember that preparations for aphids should not fall on the growing nearby edible crops, because in this case you will have to postpone the harvest for 20-30 days.
Aphids on roses are mostly poisonous, therefore, treatment should be done only with the use of protective equipment (in closed clothes, headgear, respirator, gloves and glasses).
Do not assume that the use of insecticides will not affect the roses themselves. Unfortunately, their flowers after treatment will become unsuitable for use in medical and cosmetic purposes, and in rare cases, the smell may change. In addition, aphid breeds new offspring every two weeks, which means it quickly adapts to the active substances used against it. Alternate the drugs (remember, it’s not the names of the drugs that should differ, but their active ingredients!), Do not skip the intermediate treatments with infusions and decoctions based on natural ingredients, knock down aphids by mechanical means and lead the attack on all fronts.
Now that you know how to spray roses from aphids, your garden will become more protected and will delight you with delicate scents and bright colors of a healthy rose garden.
Fighting aphids: what does the enemy look like?
Aphid is a very small pear-shaped creature that appears in large numbers at the tips of pink stems in May and early June. Most of them are light green at this time, so they are almost imperceptible on the stem. The pest can quickly multiply, suddenly appearing out of nowhere - as if a huge army made an invasion of your garden overnight.
Aphids are very clever. By grabbing the plant, it causes the leaves to curl inward to protect themselves from spraying. If you do not fight it, it attacks the delicate young shoots, the emerging leaves and even the sprigs of roses. The pest loves juicy young shoots, therefore we protect, first of all, the shoots of this year. Covered with aphids shoots, look weak, dry, leaves are covered with "rust".
Do you know that ants “care” about aphids?
Ants love the dark sticky substance that aphids release. Therefore, ants will diligently bring insects to your rose bushes and “graze” there. (It is very interesting to observe the work of ants, although you may not want to look too long and start saving your roses).
If you notice ants running up and down the stalks of roses, check for aphids and get rid of both before your flower gardens turn into “pastures”.
Soap - an effective folk remedy
A popular folk remedy is soap or any soap solution. The soap itself does not possess any disinfectant properties, the mechanism of action is as follows:
- A soap remedy, like an alkaline solution, penetrates deep into any surface.
- Penetrating, alkaline "sticky" soap molecule envelops any small particles, as if separating them from the surface.
- The cohesion of particles with the surface decreases, and water easily washes away everything.
- How does it work with aphids? The soap washes away the wax film from the insect, it gets a sharp dehydration and dies.
In fact, the proportion is simple, the soap solution should be like for washing. Spray the solution with stems, buds and leaves of a rose. Repeat the treatment every week until the complete disappearance of pests. It is worth noting that with this tool you can sprinkle the plants or simply wipe them with a soapy sponge.
The best folk remedy for aphids on roses: ash.
If you want to pamper roses, be sure to select the ash. The alkaline solution of ash is rich in “tasty” microelements, and your rosebush will surely become more beautiful.
IMPORTANT. Do not use the preparation of ammonia and ash in the second half of the summer - they enrich the soil with nitrogen and stimulate the active growth of roses, and it is time for them to prepare for winter.
Soda from aphids on roses.
At the end of the summer you can take to fight soda. This should be food, and not soda ash, which can harm delicate shoots. Why so many processing options? Maybe enough to fight the best one? The pest adapts to your spraying, therefore it is necessary to change the methods. With this solution you can sprinkle plants at the end of summer.
5 herbal infusions for the treatment of rose bushes.
Home remedies from plants with a pronounced aroma are well saved from aphids. When preparing these infusions, do not exceed the dosage, so as not to cause burns of young shoots.
Recipes tinctures (use 2-3 times per season):
- Tobacco. 0.5-1 glass of tobacco fall asleep in the bottle, and pour boiling water. Insist the solution for 24 hours, then filter through gauze.
- Pine. 1 kg of pine needles pour 4 liters of boiling water, insist week and filter. Dilute with water before use.
- Tomato / Potato. Potato tops or tomato finely chopped, to get half a bucket, pour boiling water to the top of the tank, and insist for 24 hours.
- Pepper. 1 kg of young, or 250-300 g of dry bitter pepper cut into pieces, put in a bucket of water, and insist 24 hours. Before use we dilute in proportions of 10 parts of water to 1 part of tincture.
- Garlic. 180-200 g of garlic insist in a liter jar of boiling water for 5 days. 2 tbsp. spoons of the resulting solution is mixed with a bucket of water.
For better results, you can add 1 tbsp to herbal tinctures. spoonful of soap shavings.
How to spray roses?
The fact that traditional methods apply natural ingredients does not mean that you should not be careful with them.
Wear a tight long-sleeved shirt and gloves to protect yourself from spikes. At the sprayer set the mode of wide spraying, rather than a narrow jet. Although a strong jet can knock some insects off the plant, you need to wet the pest. On roses, colonies are often collected on the buds and the underside of the leaves, so carefully spray these areas.
Spray the liquid from a distance of 30 cm, starting from the lowest point where you noticed the larvae and move up the rosebush. Apply every 5-7 days until the bushes are clean. The best time to spray is a windless evening, so you will not harm the bees and other beneficial insects.
First, try a home remedy selectively on one branch so that the plant responds well to it.
How to destroy aphids? Beneficial insects
Unlike the ants that spread pest larvae throughout the garden, ladybugs help fight it. One such insect destroys in nature about 700 aphids. Attract a ladybird to the site tansy, dill or chamomile.
And if you have dandelions on the plot, they will attract gold-eyed, wasps, ground beetles, riders who eat the pest and its larvae.
We install poultry houses for sparrows, tits, kings and so on. The birds feed on these larvae, and also feed their chicks with them.
Toads will save roses from aphids and ants
The presence of toads in the garden is a wonderful method: aphid and ants will simply disappear. Toads love these insects and will hunt them. As long as there are toads in the garden, you can simply forget about fighting the pest.
To attract toads, place a bowl of clean water in the shade under the trees - they need to have a drink. This method is used in the largest rosaries of the world.
Changing methods of control keep insects from resistance to a specific toxin. Alternate all the ways you know how to control pests of roses. If one method is used predominantly, the surviving individuals transfer their qualities to the new generation, creating a more sustainable population.
Usually, after the first aphid invasion in May-June was successfully repulsed, natural predators such as ladybugs, wasps and toads help keep the number of insects in the garden under control.
What do you use folk remedies for aphids? Do you think that all purchased products are more harmful?
Even the best folk remedies can lead to dehydration of the rose leaf surface (they wash off the moisture-retaining waxy bloom from it as well as aphids) and can harm beneficial garden inhabitants, for example, bees. Therefore, treat only those areas where there is aphid, and sometimes it is more efficient to just wash the larvae with a sponge and soap than mindlessly sprinkle the entire rosebush.