Probably, many will agree that, as there are flowers on the planet, they have as many admirers. Some people like roses, others like chamomiles, and the light-loving coreopsis has won the sincere hearts of summer residents. When daffodils and tulips go into oblivion, bright lights of pretty flowers appear on the beds. It seems that the tiny particles of the sun dropped from the sky, successfully germinated to captivate good people. From the unearthly aroma of the inflorescences in the soul, the kindest feelings arise, and from pleasure you want to sing songs.
Growing coreopsis on your plot is quite simple, because the plant is unpretentious in its care and easily propagates. The flower successfully grows in the open field, is distinguished by a variety of varieties and decorates the front garden before the first frost. Consider the basic rules of planting, care and popular types of flower. Read about planting and caring for a primrose perennial (photo).
Close acquaintance with a plant is the key to successful cultivation
Before you start on the dacha Coriopsis, it would be wise to know what these cute flowers are. The name of the plant comes from the Greek words "bug" and "species", which indicates the shape of the seed, resembling a tick. The flower is often used as food for special types of caterpillars. Some birds feed on its seeds. But this does not prevent the flower to please people with its bright lights. The Coreopsis depicted in the photo is a true confirmation of this fact.
During the season, the plant can grow to a height of 1.2 meters. Some species reach only 40 cm. Externally, they are dense bushes covered with many buds. Coreopsis fruits are most often of flat shape. Remind some types of bugs or ticks. Grow a plant in garden plots or city beds as the main decoration. About 28 species of this flower are found in the Americas. Despite this, coreopsis is in demand in Europe too.
When you look from the side at the buds of the plant, they resemble field chamomile. At this only at first glance. The original flower head, decorated with petals on all sides. Each of them is framed by a jagged tip, which gives it a noble look.
Leaf plates and petal color depends on the plant variety:
- bright yellow petals of buds on high shoots are characteristic of Coreopsis grandiflora,
- Coreopsis pink has small leaves, a yellow middle, which is topped with pale pink petals,
- Coreopsis vertikilata love for its jagged leaf plates and thin buds, abundantly covering the plant.
Shown in the photo coriopsis, planting and care which does not require special skills, truly striking in its beauty. There are several basic rules:
- sunny place
- soil of medium fertility,
- moderate but regular watering.
Coriopsis grows best on loose soil, so you should be wise to choose a place to plant a plant.
Dilution in the dacha perennial coreopsis in two ways:
- by sowing seeds,
- growing seedlings.
The main thing is to provide the plant with regular watering, enough light and air. As a result, the bright part of the summer will be decorated with bright sunny lights.
Simple ways to grow a flower
To begin planting and caring for a perennial Coreopsis, you need to know the basic principles of growing this plant. Although it is quite unpretentious and well acclimatized in the wild, some nuances must be taken into account.
First of all - the choice of location. It should have a lot of light, since coreopsis are called children of the sun. Some species can be planted near tall trees. These include pink and whorled kind of flower. A small shadow for them is not a hindrance. The perennial coreopsis, the photo of which is shown below, miraculously transfers winters of middle latitudes. Therefore, he does not need additional shelter.
The next nuance is the composition of the soil. Although the plant is unpretentious, it still needs useful elements and high-quality moisture. Therefore, the land that retains water is not suitable for growing a sunny flower.
The photo of the perennial Coreopsis, the landing and departure of which are performed correctly, causes unprecedented admiration. And to achieve this result will help a few simple rules. You can grow a flower by sowing seeds directly into the open ground or for seedlings. In the first case, planting material is dipped into the soil in spring or autumn. Since the seeds are frost-resistant, winter is not a hindrance for them.
Planted in this way the plant will bloom only in a year. If you do not want to wait so long, it is better to use seedlings.
Coreopsis fans, who want to enjoy its beauty this summer, use the seedling method. To do this, in early spring, containers are prepared with fertile soil. Then the seeds are laid out on the surface, lightly pressed down with fingers, covered with sand and sprayed with water. To create a greenhouse environment, containers covered with plastic wrap or glass.
Also practiced planting seeds in peat tablets. When seedlings appear, leave the strongest sprout. The rest are cut with nail scissors.
The cultivation of seeds of large-flowered coreopsis is carried out in a well-lit room. The temperature should not be below 15 ° C. Crops are regularly sprayed with a hand sprayer. When the first shoots appear, the glass is removed. During the first 14 days, dive seedlings are made. The distance between them is about 2 cm. When the greens rise to 12 cm in height, the flower is planted in pots, and when it takes root - in open ground.
Some types of seedlings Coreopsis sick "Black Leg". The main reason is excess moisture. Therefore, it should be watered moderately and with prudence.
Before planting a flower on the site, it is desirable to temper it. For this capacity periodically endure to the open air. When the threat of frost has passed, the seedlings are planted in the open ground at a distance of 60 cm from each other. With the help of seedlings you can grow almost any kind of coreopsis.
In some cases, gardeners use and vegetative propagation of the plant. To do this, in the middle of autumn it is dug and divided into several parts. Then laid out in the hole and cover with earth. This method is used once every 3 years to preserve the decorativeness of a sunny flower.
Popular types of Coreopsis
According to botanists in their natural environment, about 100 species of this bright plant are known. In gardening use only about 30. Each of them has its own peculiarity, unique beauty and attractiveness. Consider the most popular types.
Elegant highlight garden
So you can call Coreopsis whorled, which is a branched shrub 100 cm high, and up to 60 cm wide. It is decorated with light green leaves of oblong shape, resembling needles. Yellow reed petals buds are located around the brown core, which gives the plant an original look. The maximum size of the inflorescence is approximately 5 cm. The first ones appear at the beginning of June. The latter are in the middle of autumn. In the wild, this kind of coreopsis is found in the southeastern United States. The flower is propagated using seedlings and sowing seeds in open ground.
This sunny flower feels great in one place for 6 years.
There are several varieties of this flower. For example, Coreopsis whorled "Ruby Red" is distinguished by bright red buds with toothed petals. The central part of the flower is colored orange or red. A narrow sheet plate is glamorously divided in half by the longitudinal vein. The plant is resistant to cold, develops well in partial shade and unpretentious to the type of soil.
Yellow lights of a solar flower
Coreopsis lanceolate got its name for the original shape of the leaves. They are collected in small bunches in the root area of the stem. Color most often - pale green, although there are species with a more saturated color.
Buds he has a drooping character, semi-double. In diameter - up to 6 cm. Painted in bright yellow color (sometimes with burgundy splashes). The inflorescences grow on single shoots 60 cm long at the end of summer. In nature, the flower grows in the USA, Canada and in some areas of Mexico. The Japanese islands were introduced as decorative culture. Currently widely used in various landscape projects.
Delicate gift to novice gardeners
Coreopsis krupnotsvetkovy perfectly take root on any kind of soil. In its natural environment (southeastern United States), it can be seen on open meadows and near roads. The flower withstands the summer heat, without losing its delicate beauty. Miraculously transfers salt and wind of the sea coast. It is grown on city streets, personal plots and even on the roofs of houses, which is very fashionable lately.
Coreopsis grows up to 1 m in height. It has upright branched shoots. Leaf plate pinnately cut. The yellow buds in the form of a basket consist of reed tubular petals that appear in the middle of summer. To constantly enjoy the sunny flower on the site, it is desirable to regularly update the bushes. Experienced gardeners do this every 3 years. Having listened to the advice of experts, you can successfully grow these delicate flowers in their summer cottages.
Coreopsis perennial: varieties and varieties
Of the more than 100 varieties of coreopsis in the culture grows no more than 30.
Coreopsis is a shrub consisting of erect branched stems, crowned with inflorescences of yellow, yellow-brown, as well as red and pink flowers of pinnately dissected or palmate-separate form. The most common varieties of perennial Coreopsis:
- Lanceolate. Bush up to 60 cm tall with yellow inflorescences with a diameter of up to 6 cm. It blooms for two months starting in July.
- Cloudy. Blooming all summer bush up to 60 cm high. Differs in light green thin foliage.
- Pink. Low (up to 40 cm) shrub with inflorescences of red tones.
- Large color. This type of coreopsis is distinguished by bushes crowned with large flowers of dark golden or lemon color. A powerful bush can reach up to 1 m in height and blooms for two months from the beginning of summer.
Planting a plant
Place for planting coriopsis is better to choose the sun, because in the shade and partial shade this plant feels not comfortable and can wither. Medium light soil is well suited for this flower.
Council For lush flowering coreopsis soil should be loose.
To plant a perennial Coreopsis is best seeds. In order for the plant to bloom in the first year of planting, you can sow the seeds in the winter for seedlings in pots or boxes indoors. And at the end of the frost move to plant the grown seedlings in open ground. There are no special requirements for growing Coreopsis seedlings. Just provide your plants with enough light and moisture and the shoots will not be long in coming.
Directly in the open ground, seeds of coriopsis can be sown both in spring and autumn - the seeds of this plant can tolerate low temperatures perfectly. After the first shoots appear, it is necessary to thin them out and observe that weeds do not interfere with the growth of flowers. And also provide regular watering.
Care for Coreopsis
Coreopsis - an unpretentious flower. Its advantages can be safely attributed to frost resistance and drought resistance. In the middle lane, this flower can not cover for the winter. For abundant and prolonged flowering Coreopsis need timely watering. After the plants ottsvetut, it is necessary to prune, for this, a quarter of the plant is cut with garden scissors. After pruning, the crop needs to be fed and its flowering will resume.
In the winter, many gardeners are advised to cut the stems at the root. If you live in regions in which winters are very cold, it is best to cover your flowers with a small layer of foliage or spruce branches.
Fertilizer and Coriopsis Feeding
Fertilizing coreopsis is best organic fertilizer. Compost is ideal. It is necessary to make it in the spring, as well as in the summer during flowering, which will make it more lush and long.
In the absence of compost, you can use complex fertilizer.
To increase the population of Coreopsis in your garden in several ways.
- Division. One of the easiest and most reliable methods of reproduction is rhizome division. The division is best done at the beginning of spring, when the soil has already thawed. The earth around the plant must be loosened and carefully, so as not to damage the rhizome, dig up a bush. The root is divided with a sharp knife so that 2-3 buds remain on each delenka. Delenki seated and cared for them as a normal adult plants.
Diseases and pests
Coreopsis has a fairly strong immunity and is rarely subjected to attacks of pests or diseases, however there is no absolute guarantee. Of the known diseases, there is leaf rust and fusarium. In this case, it is enough to tear off the damaged leaves, you can spray the plant with fungicides. If these tools do not help, then the bush should be completely removed to prevent infection of other plants in the flower garden.
Similarly, it is necessary to do and when detecting viral infections. If the plant is stuck in growth, the tops and its flowers are rolled into a tube - safely remove the bush.
Of coriopsis pests can affect aphid and various beetles. Zhukov must be removed with his hands, while from aphids you can use specialized drugs or folk remedies.
Coreopsis perennial landscape design
Due to the long flowering period, coreopsis is in demand in landscape design. Flower beds in which roses, lilies and rudbeckia are added to coreopsis turn your garden into a fragrant paradise.
Low-growing bushes are great for decorating borders, and they also look great in pots and containers hung outside the window and exposed on terraces.
Together with other perennial flowers, Coreopsis is often placed around the perimeter of lawns, as well as small flower gardens between paths and sidewalks.
Varieties with tall stems create a bright carpet for a company of annuals. In the flower garden tall varieties are recommended to be transferred to the background, as well as used in group plantings.
Numerous designer photos will help you determine the best place for coreopsis in your garden.
Coreopsis is an excellent flower for those who do not have enough time for more capricious plants. Without conceding to them in beauty and brightness, he will decorate your flower garden until the cold, without requiring special attention.
Homeland is North America, and some species are found in Hawaii and in South Africa. Today, one and perennial Coreopsis varieties, which, depending on their species, can bloom with yellow, red or other shades, have become common. These branchy plants usually reach a height of no more than 100 centimeters, and have a color of yellow, brown, marble, pink and two-color.
Flowering Coriopsis plentiful and long, usually begins in June and lasts until the first frost. Perennial species distributed today this plant is frost resistant, which makes it easy to grow them on the garden plot, without any additional insulation.
Currently, biologists know more than 100 different subspecies this plant. The most popular in landscape design today received the following cultivated annual varieties:
- Coreopsis Drummond. The height of the bush usually does not exceed 60 centimeters. Inflorescences are brown or yellow with a brown heart with a diameter of not more than 4 centimeters.
- Coreopsis Krasilny. This is the most popular variety in floriculture, which combines magnificent decorative effect and ease of cultivation. The dyeing is distinguished by small yellow inflorescences that may acquire a red or orange hue.
- Coreopsis Fereelistny. The bush is strongly branching, no more than 60 centimeters high. Inflorescences are multiple, small, approximately 2 centimeters in size.
- Coreopsis large-flowered. A strongly branched shrub can reach a height of 100 centimeters. Its leaves are dissected or whole and are on short petioles. Peduncles durable and long, single inflorescences up to 8 centimeters in diameter, terry or simple. Flowers themselves are usually yellow-golden or dark yellow color. Flowering begins in July and continues until October. This is a perennial variety that can bloom up to 3-4 years.
- Coreopsis Mutovchaty. The bush of this variety can reach a height of 1 meter and has many branching branches that are strongly branched. Кореопсис Мутовчатый имеет узкие рассеченные игольчатые листья и расположенные по всему стеблю мутовки. Цветок может иметь ярко-желтый или блекло-желтый оттенок.
Уход за посадками
Кореопсис — это нетребовательная в уходе культура, поэтому от садовода потребуется лишь минимальное внимание и простой уход.
Все разновидности этого растения drought-resistant, so they will need additional watering and care only during the maximum heat. It is noticed that the varieties with red and pink flowers should be watered more often, which provides abundant flowering and rapid growth of plants. After each watering, the ground near the bushes should be loosened, thereby preventing the formation of a superficial crust.
Fertilizing planting is required only if it is grown on poor soil. It is recommended to bring such fertilizer in the spring in the form of mineral water-soluble complexes. But to use organic for already planted and growing coreopsis should not be.
Tall varieties will require appropriate garters to support, which will support the bush, and the gardener will be able to form the right direction of growth. In particular, such garters are necessary when growing this crop on organic-rich and heavy soils.
During the flowering period, regularly cut off the dried inflorescences, which stimulates the formation of new flowers. In autumn, perennial varieties cut off all the stems.
Important. In the large-flowered Coreopsis, autumn pruning should not be done.
Once every 3-4 years transplantation and the corresponding division of the bushes are performed. At the new site, the many-year coreopsis flower quickly takes root and blooms beautifully.
Additional shelter Coreopsis perennial winter does not require. Only in the regions With severe winters, where the temperature drops below 30 degrees, it is recommended to cover the planting with a small amount of needles and foliage.
You can plant seeds in autumn or spring. Remember that the perennial species planted this way will bloom only after one year. And if you need to achieve flowering in the first year after planting, you must first grow seedlings.
When planting a coriopsis on a seedling, such a planting is carried out in March with the use of a nutrient mixture in which the seeds are laid out on the surface without penetration. To accelerate the germination of the container with the planted seeds should be covered with glass or film. After about 10 days the first shoots will appear, after which the film or glass can be removed.
When the first full-fledged leaves appear, the seedlings need to be dived and transplanted into a box for the first time, while the seedlings should be at a distance of at least 2 centimeters from each other. As soon as the seedlings reach 10 centimeters in height, a second pick is carried out and transplanted into separate containers.
When growing seedlings It should be carefully watered the plant, as the seedlings are susceptible to a black leg. Before transplanting into the open ground, seedlings are necessarily hardened, for which purpose they are carried out for several hours to fresh air. Such properly hardened seedlings should be transplanted into the garden at the end of May, when the threat of frost has passed.
The use of coreopsis in landscape design
The long and abundant flowering of this plant allows it to be used as a magnificent decoration for a flower bed, a flower garden and the entire backyard territory. Tall species should be planted in the background, which allows for a bright, sunny accent in such a green composition. This flower looks great in combination with dahlias, irises and roses.
Perennial Coreopsis is an easy-to-grow garden flower culture that will become a real decoration of your garden and the territory of your backyard. Coreopsis perennial, planting and care of which is not difficult, can be grown by novice gardeners and owners of private houses.
This flower came to us from Central America. The height of the branchy bush is 60 cm. The leaves of the lanceolate form are planted on petioles. The shoots are slightly bent, at their end are inflorescences with a diameter of 5-6 cm, their color is bright yellow. Flowering begins in mid-summer, after which it does not stop for 2 months.
Coreopsis lanceolate itself is in turn divided into the following varieties:
- Golden Queen - stems grow up to 60 cm. Baskets in diameter up to 6 cm are covered with elongated, tongue-like, bright yellow petals.
- Rotkehlchen - the diameter of the flower is slightly smaller, it reaches 5 cm. The petals are also yellow, but the basket consists of reddish small tubular flowers. In height, the stem grows to 45 cm.
- Goldfink - this variety is lower than the rest, only 30 cm tall, the flowers have a golden yellow color.
Cloudy (Coreopsis Verticillata)
Shrubs have a dense branching, their height reaches 50-60 cm. The foliage of this species is fine-needle. After blooming, the buds have a bright yellow tint. The shape of the flowers is simple. Flowering observed throughout the summer. It grows well in one place, it does not require a transplant for 5 years. Thus, the landing and care of coriopsis whorled do not require special preparation.
Pink (Coreopsis Rosea)
Flowers have a pink or purple color. Petals are not frequent, oval. The core is yellow and fluffy. Shrubs are relatively not high up to 40 cm in height.
The flowers of a shrub up to 50-60 cm are terry and yellow, their volume resembles balls. On the branchy bush there are many such flowers. The "golden ball" perennial blooms profusely from summer to the first frost.
The fruit-bearing heart of the flower has a bright burgundy color. At the end of the petals, the color turns yellow. Thin stems grow to 1 meter. This variety is often used in production, based on it are food dyes. But application in landscape design is especially widespread - thanks to it beautifully decorated flowerbeds are obtained. A rare species of this plant is red annual Coreopsis.
Deep knowledge of the plant - the key to successful cultivation
Planting and care of a perennial coriopsis is not as hard as it seems. The flower is completely unpretentious. If you translate the name of the flower from the Greek language, you get a combination of two words - "bug" and "species", which indicates the structure of the achene. Indeed, she looks like a tick.
Some types of Coreopsis can grow up to 1.2 meters, but more often for decorative purposes they plant varieties whose height does not exceed 60 cm.
In order for a flower to grow unhindered, in fact, no special conditions are required, the main thing is to ensure such conditions:
- Well lit place.
- Land of average fertility.
- Regular soil moisture in moderate quantities.
It is desirable that the soil was loose.
Landing on the site is carried out in two main ways:
- Seeds are used for sowing.
- Breeding Coreopsis through seedlings.
At first, the seeds are planted in separate pots until sprouts appear, but the plant can be planted immediately in open ground, albeit under the condition of a warm climate in the region.
When to plant in open ground?
To plant coreopsis using seeds, they need to be planted in pots in the spring. When the weather becomes stable and the threat of night frosts recedes, young shoots are transplanted into the open ground. During the time the seeds are in the pots, they do not need special care, it is enough to put the containers in a well-lit place.
Planting in pots is not necessary; some gardeners plant seeds immediately in open ground. It happens in the fall or spring. The seeds themselves are not afraid of cold, but when they germinate, we need more careful care. First of all, weeds are removed around the plant and timely watering is carried out.
How to plant a flower?
Planting and caring for coreopsis (photo can be seen below) suggests the following sequence of actions.
Before you plant the plant in the open soil, you need to prepare the ground. The land should consist of a mixture of such beneficial additives:
- fertile soil
- organic fertilizers.
The wells are prepared at a certain distance, it will depend on the size of Coreopsis. That is, for large varieties, the wells should be separated from each other (up to 25 cm), for smaller ones the distance between the holes is reduced (15-20 cm).
The bottom part of the hole is filled with sand or gravel, so the drainage for the bush is prepared, thanks to which there will be no stagnation of water in the holes. Before planting, both the hole and the ground, which will fall asleep, are moistened, so the not very well-developed root system of the seedlings will not be damaged.
Now each small Coreopsis bush is planted in a separate depression and sprinkled with earth, then watering is carried out again. Then, as the plant grows, top-dressings are added periodically to the soil. But do not get involved in this, as an excess of fertilizer leads to a lack of flowering.
Fertilizer is better to add when the bush will give the first flowers. Use with identical success both organic top dressings, and complex mineral fertilizers. Before the winter frosts at Coreopsis, all the leaves and stalks are cut off, so-called bare stump is left. This plant belongs to frost-resistant, therefore digging for the winter is not required.
Reproduction of coreopsis
If the plant is an annual, then it is propagated mainly by seeds.
You can sow in the spring (in April) in greenhouses or directly into open ground. Perennials multiply mainly by dividing the bush, in cold regions this is done in spring, in other cases this process can be carried out in the fall. Reproduction by seeds and grafting is permissible. Growing shoots on cuttings harvested in spring. Rooting is best done in a greenhouse.
Autumn and spring care for Coreopsis perennial
As soon as Coreopsis blossoms, it will be autumn in the courtyard. Therefore, immediately it will be necessary to cut off all the shoots and leaves from the bush. Find out in advance the weather forecast for the winter. If severe frosts are expected, then the bush will need to be covered with dry foliage.
In the springtime, if the outside temperature is above zero, the leaves are removed and the plant is given the opportunity to bask in the sun. If the soil where the flower grows is not fertile, then it needs to be fertilized. This is usually done in spring, the complex of mineral additives is diluted in water. This composition is watered.
When the plant gets stronger, it becomes hardy, even arid terrain will be easy for him. Coreopsis will bloom on moderately moist and fertile soil. Although the flower prefers open sunny areas, it can grow in shaded areas.
Location and lighting
The pledge of full growth and proper development - well-chosen plot. Coreopsis requires an even and very sunny space. Shade adversely affects flowering. Over time, in such a flower bed, he begins to ache, and then completely die. Equally important is the role that he will perform in a particular composition.
Refrain from agrarian manipulations if the groundwater is too close to the soil.
Soil, loosening and support
Prefer fertile and fertilized (in reasonable quantities). Do not forget about the drainage. He is vital. Moisture stagnation causes root decay and other serious problems.. If you have the opportunity to plant a flower only on heavy and clay soil, then you can remedy the situation by adding compost to it, and a small amount of sand.
After irrigation, it is necessary to gently soften the soil by hand so that no earthy crusts form. So that the weeds do not interfere with their growth are removed. For tall culture is required support. The inflorescences are quite heavy and the trunk may break under their weight.
Refers to drought-resistant flora. But systematic and restrained “drinking” does not harm, but contributes to full growth. If it is hot weather outside and there has been no precipitation for a long time, then 2-3 liters of water pour out under the bush every 3 days. If it rains occasionally, then additional moisture is not required.
This item is worth considering carefully. The plant is very sensitive to the introduction of additional food. If there is an overabundance in the soil, then an active growth of green mass will begin, to the detriment of the formation of inflorescences. The first feeding is carried out simultaneously with the landing. In this case, organic is used. With the onset of flowering brown eye needs the following support.
Suitable for this purpose mineral complexes and compost. Harvester will help you accumulate enough strength to survive the winter. It is made in the second half of November.
Pests and diseases
Golden Chamomile is prone to ailments and is often attacked by insects. Owners should be vigilant. After all, the early detection of the problem is the key to successful struggle with it.
If you notice brown spots, it is rust. First aid is to remove the damaged fragments, and healthy ones to process the fungicide.
A more serious problem is spotting. It has a viral nature. Unfortunately, there are no treatments. The best protection against it is prevention. Twisting and withering leaves - a signal for immediate response. All infected plants urgently need to dig and burn.
Of the pests of particular concern is aphid. Get rid of her best insecticide.
Planting and breeding
The selected landing site is deeply and carefully dug up. But the process itself may differ and depends on the breeding method, and the time of year. If this is a seed method without seedlings, then the period favorable for this is early spring or late autumn.
Planting of young shoots begins at the end of May or as soon as the threat of repeated frost has passed. The depth of the hole is determined by the size of the roots together with the earthy clod. If the garden planting "coexist" with his or other species, it is necessary to maintain a distance between them. The optimal distance is 35 cm for tall representatives and 25 cm for undersized. The bottom of each pit is covered with drainage material (stone fragments, pebbles, sand, etc.). About 5 cm of soil mixture is poured out. It is abundantly watered and seedlings are installed on it. Slightly pressing her hands fill the missing amount of soil.
The process ends with moistening with warm water.
Every 4 years is required to repot the bush. Otherwise, it gradually loses its natural shape, and flowering becomes scarce.
Seeds are sown in early March. Containers are selected shallow, because the planting material does not require deepening. It is evenly distributed over the surface and sprinkled with a thin layer of sand. For comfortable conditions, you can create a greenhouse imitation: cover the container with a film or glass. Once a day they are removed for airing and spraying. Storage room is selected bright and warm.
The first shoots will delight in 2 weeks, then remove the protective cap. The appearance of the first pair of full-fledged leaves requires a dive into separate cups. When the height of each seedling reaches 12-13 cm, the “move” to the open ground begins. In the summer flowering begins.
Additional manipulations are not required. Germination reaches 90%. Residents of warm regions can afford to sow them for the winter.
The favorable period is the end of November. The future flower bed is covered with foil or sawdust. If you sow them in early spring, the inflorescences will have to wait a year.
For a cold climate, the right time is spring, and for a mild climate - autumn. Previously, earth is dug around the plant and abundant watering is carried out - this facilitates easy and painless extraction from the soil. After that, the bush, together with the earthy lump, is divided into several parts, each of which must have a piece of the root. You can transplant them into the soil immediately. The hole should be slightly larger than the volume of the part with the ground. Fast growth allows you to repeat the procedure every 2 years.
Use in landscape design
Unpretentiousness, variety of varieties and long flowering made the coreopsis an unchanged element of any garden landscape. Low-growing representatives are most often used in decorating the curb, garden paths and flower beds. If mobile decoration is required, they are planted in flowerpots and flowerpots. If necessary, the tanks are placed at the entrance area or suspended near the gazebo. Tall can be part of any group landing, and placed in the background, shading the front soloists.
Both groups are welcome guests in the Mediterranean style. Even the smallest or narrowest suburban area will noticeably transform with coreopsis.
In harmony with:
Simultaneous flowering not only pleases the eye with the picturesque landscape, but also allows you to enjoy the wonderful aromas. Placing them around the perimeter of the garden you can achieve picturesque compositions that look spectacular in the free space among the tiles or stone. When selecting partners, consider the agrarian needs of each plant, so that they feel comfortable in a mixborder.
Tall shrubs and shrubs easily camouflage unsightly buildings, traces of communications, or fences. Having landed them on the south side you get an excellent zoning of the site. Such a sunny accent will appeal to even the most sophisticated flower growers.
Florists love the culture for the ability to maintain freshness in the cut up to 10 days.
Coreopsis perennial: combination with other plants
Многолетние кореопсисы становятся хорошими соседями для других жителей цветника. Они не ведут себя агрессивно по отношению к прочим растениям, не претендуют разрастись в открытом грунте на чужую территорию.
Кореопсис в ландшафтном дизайне
Кроме того, выращивание рядом высокорослых экземпляров не навредит тем цветам, которые любят солнечный свет – кореопсис отличается тонкими стеблями и узкой листвой, благодаря чему не сильно притеняет близких соседей.
CouncilFor a flower bed to be bright, combine coreopsis with impressively blooming delphiniums, lilies. It looks good joint planting in the open ground with ground cover decorative and deciduous plants.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Growing from seed
- 3.1. Sowing on seedlings
- 3.2. Seedling care
- 4. Landing
- 4.1. When to plant
- 4.2. How to plant
- 5. Care
- 5.1. How to care
- 5.2. Watering and feeding
- 5.3. Pests and diseases
- 6. Types and varieties
- 6.1. Coreopsis Drummond
- 6.2. Coreopsis dyeing
- 6.3. Coreopsis feruliferous
- 6.4. Coreopsis grandiflora
- 6.5. Coreopsis lanceolate
- 6.6. Coreopsis whorled
- 6.7. Coreopsis pink
- 6.8. Coreopsis is uviform
Coreopsis flower - description
Coreopsis - rhizomatous herbaceous plants or subshrub with branchy, erect stems, reaching a height of 45 to 120 cm. The leaves at Coropsis are opposite, pinnately dissected or palmately separate. Inflorescences are baskets on long peduncles and daisy-like baskets of small yellow or brown tubular flowers, collected along the center of the inflorescence in discs, and pink, yellow or yellow-brown reed flowers, which are located radially around the center. Coriopsis fruit is a seed in which up to five hundred seeds ripen.
Sowing seeds Coropsis seedlings.
Planting and caring for Coreopsis will not require much time and effort from you. Annual Coreopsis can be sown in open ground in May, and in the greenhouse - in mid-April. Perennial species form flowers usually in the second year after sowing, but if you want to see flowering in the current season, use the seedling method: grow seedlings of perennial coriopsis on the windowsill, and then transplant them into a flower garden.
Seeding coreopsis seedlings is carried out in early March: Seeds are evenly laid out on the surface of a moist nutrient garden soil placed in shallow containers, pressed against the ground with a plate, covered with foil and placed for germination in a warm, bright place.
Care for seedlings coriopsis.
Daily crops should be aired, removing condensate from the film. Seed germination of this flower culture is very high. Coreopsis from seeds will begin to germinate in ten days, and as soon as this process becomes widespread, the cover can be removed from the container. Caring for seedlings is watering and carefully loosening the substrate around the seedlings.
Observe moderation with moistening, since seedlings can suffer from blackleg, a fungal infection that infects plants in the seedling period and develops in overmoistened soil.
In the developmental stage of the seedlings of the first pair of true leaves, they are swooping in separate cups. If the picking is done in a box, stick with the step between the seedlings 2 cm and keep in mind that the seedlings will have to dive one more time when the seedlings grow to 10-12 cm.
When planting coreopsis in the ground.
The planting of a perennial coreopsis in open ground is done in the middle or at the end of May, when warm weather sets in, the earth warms up and the threat of return frost passes. However, seedlings must first undergo hardening procedures for two weeks: seedlings are taken out into the open air daily, gradually increasing the duration of the walk.
How to plant coreopsis in the garden.
Coreopsis plant prefers sunny areas, and only some species (coreopsis whorled and pink) can grow in partial shade. The soil of the plant needs a moderately moist, light, loose, neutral and well-drained. As far as fertility is concerned, some types of coreopsis will not benefit from the high content of nutrients in the soil: they bloom badly from this. Poor soil before planting can be slightly enriched by digging with compost or humus.
Coreopsis seedlings are planted in the wells, located at a distance of 30 cm from each other. After planting, the surface area is compacted and watered.
How to care for coreopsis.
Growing coreopsis can even beginner growers. What is the care of the plant? You will need to water the coriopsis from time to time, loosen the soil around it, remove weeds and faded heads. Tall species and varieties of coreopsis may require support: stick an iron bar or a wooden peg next to a bush and tie a plant to it.
After completion of flowering, coriopsis is cut to a quarter height, and before the onset of frost, annual species of plants are fully utilized, and perennial species are cut to the very foundation. For the winter Coreopsis can and not cover but if a frosty, snowless winter is expected to be predicted, it is advisable to throw perennial sockets with fallen leaves or fill up with dry earth.
The perennial coreopsis quickly grows up, so once in 4-5 years in April-May or September, its bushes are dug, divided and planted in another area. Even flowering coreopsis can be divided, however, in order not to damage its roots, it should be planted only in well-moistened soil.
Watering and dressing coreopsis.
A robust coriopsis is not afraid of drought, and only seedlings need regular watering. In the future, under conditions of normal precipitation, it is not necessary to water the plant.
But if the season turns out to be too hot and dry, from time to time it is necessary to moisten the soil in the area with water heated in the sun.
Coriopsis growing in poor soil during flowering is fed with a solution of complex mineral fertilizer. If it grows on fertile soil, or if you applied organic fertilizers to the plot before planting seedlings, there is no need to feed coriopsis in the current season, and next year you will need to fertilize twice: when coropsis blooms after its autumn pruning.
Coreopsis Drummond (Coreopsis drummondii = Coreopsis basalis)
- a plant with a fibrous root, a 45-460 cm high stem branch, single-pinnate leaves and single end baskets up to 5 cm in diameter, representing a dark brown disc of tubular flowers, surrounded by yellow reed flowers with a red-brown spot at the base. There is a species with a dark brown middle and dark red reed flowers. Popular varieties of the species:
- Golden Crown - Coreopsis with very large golden heads,
- Erly Sunrise - a plant up to 45 cm high with semi-double baskets of bright yellow color,
- Mystigri - variety with light yellow reed flowers with a dark ring around the brown middle.
Coreopsis feruliferous (Bidens ferulifolia = Coreopsis ferulifolia)
- is still rare in our gardens one-year-old with a height of 50 to 90 cm with the same diameter of the bush. Strong, covered with dark green dissected leaves and numerous golden baskets with a diameter of up to 4 cm, the stems of this plant begin to branch out directly from the root neck. Despite the fact that the plant is only being developed in our gardens, it has several cultural variations:
- Goldie - a variety with slightly shortened and wider leaves than the main species,
- Golden Goddes - variety with larger flowers than the main species,
- Samsara - compact bushes, usually grown in suspended structures.
Of perennial Coreopsis species most often in culture meet:
Coreopsis grandiflora (Coreopsis grandiflora)
- strong-branching plant from North America up to 1 m high with whole lower and pinnately dissected upper leaves. Strong peduncles up to 80 cm high are dotted with single golden yellow baskets with a dark yellow middle. In culture, the view from 1826. Top grades:
- Baden gold - bush up to 90 cm high with yellow baskets with a diameter up to 6.5 cm,
- Mayfield Giant and Sunburst - varieties up to 80 cm high with large yellow baskets,
- Coreopsis Golden Ball - a dense bush up to 40 cm high with terry bright yellow baskets with an orange middle.
Coreopsis verticillata (Coreopsis verticillata)
originates from the southeast of North America. It is a perennial with repeatedly branched stems up to 1 m high. Its leaves are needle-like, light green, sessile. Numerous inflorescences are star-shaped radiant baskets up to 3 cm in diameter with narrow light yellow reed and yellow tubular flowers. In culture, this species since 1750. He has a large-flowered form and such varieties:
- Zagreb - bush up to 30 cm tall with golden yellow flowers,
- Moonbeam - a plant up to 30 cm high with flowers of a cold yellow shade.
Coreopsis auricular (Coreopsis auriculata)
- perennial not higher than 60 cm, the leaves of which cover the stems only up to a quarter or mid-height. Bright yellow inflorescences of this species resemble daisies. Top grades:
- Nana - a dwarf dense bush with broad-oval green leaves and a large number of orange-yellow baskets with jagged reed flowers and a yellow disc,
- Zamfir - low bushes with rounded leaves and orange-colored baskets with grooved reed flowers when blooming, which gradually straighten.