Pests and plant diseases

Instructions for use of the drug HOM for plants

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Stable results when working with the fungicide XOM (copper oxychloride) depends on strict adherence to the instructions for each use. HOM fungicide, according to the instructions, is allowed to be used not only in the agrarian industry, it will help to increase the yield of any country garden or garden. The popularity of HOM indicates that the instruction does not in vain prescribe this extensive fungicide proven over the years. Rescues the drug, even in those cases where there are obvious signs of fungal infection, but its exact definition is difficult.

The protective and curative contact method, the effect of HOM, is manifested in the destruction of the cells of harmful microorganisms of fungal origin (observed with the naked eye, like rot, stains, mold). The process of exposure to infection occurs on the surface of the stems and leaves, excluding penetration. Application in compliance with the rules dictated by the instructions, makes copper oxychloride harmless to humans and domestic animals. In the external environment, the fungicide in six months is decomposed into harmless components.

Copper containing plant HOM for plants

Before such fungicides (drugs that treat and prevent plant diseases), such as copper sulfate and Bordeaux mixture, copper oxychloride has advantages. It is less toxic, does not burn the skin. Bordeaux liquid, according to the instructions, requires gradual mixing, filtering, it does not tolerate connection with other substances, leaves ugly white spots on ornamental plants, is used only at low air temperatures. Copper oxychloride is a powder that is simply diluted in water, it does not irritate the skin. For copper oxychloride, hot weather and bright light do not interfere. It can be combined with Epin, Fufanon, Inta-Viri, Entobacterin, not with Aktar, alkalis (lime).

Scope of use for diseases

HOM operates in an open and protected ground. Vegetable growers can help against:

  • Phytophthalosis and various patches of potatoes and tomatoes,
  • bacteriosis, anthracnose and lmr pumpkin, zucchini, cucumber,
  • peronosporaza onions.

Gardeners will bring the joy of victory in the fight against:

  • Fruit rot - monilioza, scab on fruit trees,
  • monilial burn, various spots in cherries and other stone fruits,
  • anthracnose, mildew grapes.

Medicinal, floral and ornamental crops XOM rescues from insidious rust, harmful spots, and powdery mildew. The best result is achieved by the rapid suppression of the initial stage of infection or regular prevention (3-6 sprays with a half-month interval). Protective measures should be completed three to four weeks before harvesting (for cucumbers, tomatoes at least 5 days).

We apply the fungicide HOM strictly according to the instructions

Treatment with copper oxychloride is carried out by spraying the plants during the growing season (excluding flowering time), it is useless to influence them before bud break and after leaf fall, and also to shed the soil. To prepare the solution, it is recommended to first dissolve the HOMA powder with a little water (the tank should not be made of iron), then pour water according to the instructions at the rate of 40 grams of dry preparation per bucket of water (for 1 acres). For better adhesion, you can add skimmed milk (half a cup to a bucket). In accordance with the instructions, use the ready solution of the fungicide immediately. When spraying, it is important to moisten the leaves profusely, including from the bottom. This should be done when it is dry and calm, preferably at an air temperature not higher than plus 30 and better in the evening. Protection lasts for a couple of weeks. However, if it rained during this period, the treatment should be repeated.

Drug use

Chloride of copper provides reliable protection against insects and bacteria. It prevents the appearance of apple scab, potato blight, rotten fruits, leaf curl and mildew of grapes. The tool is a contact.

A small amount of the substance is diluted in water, then the mixture is brought to the state of sour cream and the remaining liquid is poured. Plants are sprayed with a freshly prepared solution. For better adhesion, a fourth part of laundry soap is added to the composition.

Fungicide prescription

Spraying of plants and soil plays an important role for future harvesting. The drug is available in the form of an emulsion, aerosol, suspension. If the instructions are not followed, its effectiveness may decrease. Pests begin to form immunity to copper oxychloride. Best result - preventive processing of bushes.

  • To prevent curliness, coccomycosis, trees are sprinkled during the growing season. Purification is carried out at least three times during the summer period. Shrubs irrigated dry, windless weather.
  • Potatoes, beets, cucumbers and grapes are saturated with top dressing during active growth. Dosage: 40 grams per 10 liters of water 3 times per season.
  • Apple and plum poured a solution in the calculation of 30 grams per 10 liters of liquid. At least four procedures. The drug is struggling with moniliozoy, klyastersporozy, anthracnose and other diseases.
  • In vegetables prevents the occurrence of late blight, chalcosporosis, Alternaria.

The substance is of low toxicity to bees. But, during spraying, the hives are taken out of the cultivated area.

Advantages and disadvantages of HOM

The drug effectively fights all diseases of berry bushes, fruit trees, as well as flowers and plants. Often used for preventive purposes.

  1. Tolerant to other means.
  2. Differs cheap and easy to use.
  3. The fungicide is completely washed away by rain or by spraying with water.
  4. It is ineffective with fungal infections, since it does not penetrate deep into the tissues.
  5. Not economical during use.
  6. It is applied only during flowering.
  7. Quickly loses its protective properties.

Precautions in working with XOM fungicide

The instructions for use describe in detail the rules for the use of the mixture. The substance belongs to the second class of danger and affects the protective membranes of the eyes, but does not have a strong effect on the skin.

  • If you get 0.5 grams of oxychloride inside, you need to induce vomiting.
  • The drug is not explosive.
  • When working, wear a special gown or dustproof overalls, gloves and respirator "Petal". After cleaning - take a shower.
  • The room where the fungicide is used must be fully ventilated.
  • If chrome does not get into the skin, the affected area is washed with soapy water.
  • Mouth and eyes rinse with plenty of water with the addition of one teaspoon of soda per cup of liquid.
  • In case of severe poisoning, the patient is sent to a medical facility.

Gardening is my hobby. From my own experience, I can say that scab, late blight of tomatoes, garlic rot, rust, Bordeaux mixture, and copper chlorine do well with diseases. Instructions for use indicated on the package itself. Very convenient to use. Keep in a protected place from children and animals. In the fall I water the land in the greenhouse and sprinkle with lime for a bit. I use it for 3 years and forgot about wilting vegetables. Recommend.

In 2016, we acquired several fruit trees and shrubs. In the spring, all the seedlings began, leaves appeared, but in May I noticed that the crown was beginning to curl. In the store for gardeners I was advised fungicide HOM - a preparation for the treatment of plants. The instructions indicate the exact dosage, so as not to burn the leaves.

According to the description, I diluted the solution and processed all the infected trees. After 2 weeks, the crown turned green and became healthy. But 2 bushes could not be saved, they dried up. After the second treatment, the plants fully recovered. The remedy definitely helps in pest control, but it is better to use it for prevention in order to prevent the appearance of diseases.

Good day! I would like to share your experience. There was such a problem: the tops of the tops of the tomatoes and no fruit was produced. Among all dressings I chose HOM - a fertilizer for tomatoes. In the bag was 40 grams of substance. The cost of a pack of 60 rubles. Be sure to follow precautions before use. I can say with accuracy that copper oxychloride helps. This summer, decided to spray and cucumbers for prevention.

Purpose

Hom - fungicidedesigned to treat stains and rust in floral and ornamental crops, as well as against peronosporoza on cucumbers and onions, late blight of tomatoes and potatoes, against curly peach leaves, scab pears and apple trees, mildew grapes and rot plum fruit. Used to fight against fungal diseases.

Instructions for the use of HOMA

To prepare the working solution, Hom is first diluted in a small amount of water, after which, with constant stirring, the volume of the solution is adjusted to the required level. The treatment of the plants is carried out in a dry, clear, windless weather, trying to wet the leaves evenly. Spray only with freshly prepared solution at air temperature not higher than +30 degrees.

All crops shown in the table are processed during the growing season, except for ornamental crops - they need to be sprayed before and after flowering.

If you use the drug Home according to the instructions, the occurrence of phytotoxicity is not observed.

Security measures

Fungicide Home - moderately hazardous substance (3rd hazard class). 3rd class of danger to bees - it is impossible to treat plants during the flowering period. The drug can be used close to the fishery reservoirs, but the drug should not be allowed to enter drinking water sources.

For treatment, use only the drug with an expired date. The processing of plants is carried out in overalls - respirator, goggles, robe, gloves. After the end of the work with the preparation, it is necessary to change clothes, wash hands and face with soap and rinse your mouth with clean water. It is forbidden to smoke, eat and drink during spraying.

It is forbidden to use food tableware to prepare a solution. Processing is carried out in the absence of animals and children.

First aid

After rendering first aid, it is imperative to consult a doctor and show him the packaging of the drug.

When the first signs of poisoning of the victim appear, you need to take it out, change your clothes and rinse your mouth with water.

If the drug gets on the skin - the place should be washed with plenty of water or a soap solution at room temperature.

If Homa gets into the eyes, they should be rinsed open for 10-15 minutes under running water.

If the drug gets into the lungs, the victim should be brought out of the room to clean air.

If swallowed, drink a glass of milk, or half a liter of cold water, then take 0.5 grams of activated carbon per 1 kg of body weight and in no case cause vomiting!

Drug description

Fungicide "Hom" is an odorless powder with a green-bluish tint. It is considered copper oxide and is excellent substitute Bordeaux mixture. It is enough to dissolve it with water, and it can be used, and the mixture should be prepared in a special way and immediately used. The minus of the powder is that it doesn’t hold well on the leaves of the plants and can be easily washed off by rain.

Tip: so that the solution lasts longer on the leaves, milk is added to it - about 1% of the total volume of the liquid.

"Hom" has long been one of the most famous means in the fight against fungal plant diseases. Copper, which is part of the drug is almost the only effective tool. In connection with the advent of organic fungicides, the popularity of the drug is slowly declining.

pharmachologic effect

To understand the essence of the effect of the drug "Hom" on fungal pathogens, you need to know what copper oxychloride is and how it affects microorganisms.

Penetrating into the cells of pathogens, copper is introduced into the process of mineralization of organic substances, violates and neutralizes it. Because of this, the cells and the causative agent of the disease gradually die. The drug is not conducive to addiction in microorganisms and affects them 100% in all cases.

To prepare the solution "Hom" do not use iron containers, as its constituent copper can cause metal corrosion. But copper oxychloride does not enter the plant cells. The crystals of basic copper salt are insoluble in water or organic liquids and do not decompose under the action of sunlight or at high temperature. But they are easily washed away by rain and neutralize alkali. Without its help, the drug completely disintegrates within six months into components that are harmless.

In general, "Hom" is a plant treatment product that relates to contact pesticides that are of inorganic origin.

How to apply a fungicide

  • First, the required amount of the drug is diluted in a small amount of water. Next, gradually adding water, the solution is adjusted to the required volume.
  • After preparation of the solution can be sprayed plants. Fungicide "Khom" should be used in windless dry weather, with a minimum chance of rain. It is necessary to monitor the uniform coating of leaves and stems of plants with the preparation. You must use the entire finished solution and do not leave it until the next application.
  • Spraying plants at air temperatures above +30 ° C is prohibited. Processing plants carried out during the growing season. If spraying require ornamental plants, it is carried out before and after flowering. The effect of the drug lasts 10-14 days.
  • Fruits and berries should be processed no later than 20 days before harvest. When using copper oxychloride in the vineyard, the processing time for grapes is up to 30 days before harvesting. Basically, the drug is used no more than 3-6 times per season.

Benefits of using

First of all, "Hom" effectively copes with most fungal infections. different cultures in the garden, flower garden, in the garden. It does not cause habituation in pathogens, so it can be used from year to year. It is easy to prepare a solution, the fungicide is packed conveniently and at the same time costs almost a penny. In addition, it is perfectly combined with almost all other drugs, can be used with them simultaneously, without limiting their actions.

"Hom" is combined with fertilizers and insecticides, it is perfectly combined with organic pesticides of the dithiocarbamate group, which helps to save plant leaves from burns. With this combination, the drug gets a longer duration.

It can also be used together with Entobacterin, Inta-Vir, Fufanon, Epin. It is only necessary to avoid the combination of the drug with alkalis: it is undesirable to spray copper chloroxide when using lime in parallel or Aktar in gardening and floriculture.

Safety

Fungicide belongs to 3rd hazard classtherefore it is necessary to know certain limitations on its use. It should not be used near water bodies because it is toxic to fish. It is also undesirable to process plants during flowering, because it is a bit dangerous for bees.

It is desirable that they are no closer than 2 km from the treated area. But basically “Hom” for bees is not dangerous, it is recommended in the instructions for use in the garden that they do not sit on the flowers for 5–6 hours after spraying the plants.

The drug helps to reduce the number of earthworms in the ground. Slightly toxic to imago and golden-eyed larvae, but does not affect her eggs. Very dangerous for Hymenoptera from the family Trichograms. As for the effect of the drug on a person, in order to avoid negative consequences it is worth adhering to some safety precautions. So, for the manufacture of the solution can not be used food dishes.

Spray the plants you need, wearing a protective robe, glasses, gloves, respirator. During the procedure, they are not distracted by rest, drinking water or snacking. As soon as the treatment of the territory from plant diseases with “Khom” is over, you need to change clothes, wash thoroughly and rinse your mouth. Since the drug can be dangerous for pets, it is desirable that they are not near. After contact with skin, it should be washed with plenty of water and soap.

If the product gets into your eyes, you should rinse them with water for at least 10 minutes, trying not to squeeze the eyelids. If the drug gets into the mouth, you must drink at least 0.5 liters of cool water or a glass of milk. After taking activated charcoal at the rate of 1 gram of tablet per 2 kg of body weight. If the drug got into the gastrointestinal tract, in any case, do not induce vomiting. The fungicide is stored away from food, food, medicine, children and animals. You should not use the drug expired, which is 5 years.

Drug "Hom"

The tool has long been known to gardeners, flower growers and gardeners. It is used to protect and treat vegetables, fruits, flowers. For example, he fights excellently against late blight of tomatoes and potatoes, peronosporosis on cucumbers and onions, curly peach leaves, scab on pears and apple trees, rot plums, grapes mildew, spotting and rust of ornamental plants.

What is "Hom"? Это порошок без запаха зелено-голубого цвета, который является не чем иным, как хлорокисью меди. Считается отличным заменителем бордоской смеси. It is enough to dissolve it with water and use, whereas the mixture should be prepared according to a certain principle and immediately used. However, unlike her, it is poorly retained on the leaves of plants and is easily washed off by rain.

Pharmacological properties of the fungicide "Hom"

To understand the essence of the effect of the drug on fungal pathogens, it is necessary to understand what copper oxychloride is and how it affects microorganisms. Penetrating into their cells, the substance interferes with the processes of mineralization of organic substances, disrupting and neutralizing them. Thus, the cells gradually die, and with them the pathogen itself. It is noteworthy that the drug does not cause addiction in microorganisms and acts on them 100% in each case.

In fact, "Hom" is a plant treatment product that belongs to contact pesticides that are of inorganic nature.

"Hom": instructions for the use of copper oxychloride in horticulture

To use the drug, it must be diluted in water. To begin with, they take a small volume of liquid, in which the right amount of the preparation is diluted. Then gradually add water, bringing the solution to the desired volume. After that, you can proceed to spraying the plants.

Fungicide "Hom", as required by the instructions for use, should be used in calm dry weather, during the period of the least probability of rain. Make sure that the drug evenly covered the leaves and stems of plants. You must use the entire drug without leaving it next time.

"Hom": the benefits of using a fungicide

Summarizing the above features of the drug, I want to highlight its main advantages over other fungicides. First of all, he effectively fights with most fungal infections of various cultures in the garden, flower garden, in the garden. It does not cause addiction in pests, so it can be used from year to year. Chloroxide copper, if diluted strictly according to the instructions for use, can be used to prevent fungal diseases in plants.

To prepare the solution is simple, the packaging of the drug is convenient, and the tool itself is literally a penny. In addition, it can be used with other means of combating diseases - it goes well with almost any drug, without limiting their actions.

Fungicide "Hom": compatibility with other drugs

The drug "Hom", if you believe the instructions for use, is easily combined with other pesticides, as well as fertilizers and insecticides. It is especially well combined with organic pesticides of the dithiocarbamate group, thus avoiding burns on the leaves of copper-sensitive crops. In this case, the drug gets a longer duration. It can also be used in conjunction with Entobacterin, Inta-Vir, Fufanon, and Epin. The only thing to avoid is combining with alkalis. Therefore, it is not necessary to spray copper chlorine with simultaneous use of lime or Aktara in horticulture and floriculture.

Instructions for use of the drug Hom

The drug "Home" is produced in powder form. Packages weighing 20 g and 40 g are on sale.

For the treatment of plants with the fungicide "Hom" first of all you need to prepare a solution. 30-40 g of the fungicide are diluted first with a small amount of water, and then the volume of the working mixture is adjusted to 10 liters.

Important! Fungicide is prohibited to use during the flowering period.

In case of potato disease, late blight and macrosporosis, 40 g of the drug “Khom” are used for 10 liters of water. Plants should be sprayed during the growing season.

"Hom" is used to combat sugar beet calipot. At the same time use 40 g of the drug per 10 liters of solution, which are spent on 100 square meters of crops. Sugar beets are also treated during the growing season.

Instructions for use of the drug Hom

“Hom” fights against such diseases of tomatoes as brown spot, macrosporosis, late blight. At the same time for the treatment of plants used 40 g of the drug per 10 liters of water. On 10 square meters of crops 1 liter of solution is spent.

Cucumbers are treated with "Home" with the disease of perinospora, bacteriosis, anthracnose. 40 g of the preparation are taken for 10 liters of water, the plants are treated during the growing season, 1 liter of solution is lost per 10 square meters of crops.

If onions are infected with peronosporosis, planting is treated with the drug "Chom" - also during the growing season. Consumption of the drug, as in the processing of other cultures, is 40 g of powder per 10 liters of water.

"Hom" helps with the disease of hops perinosperozy. For processing, 40 g of the drug per 10 liters of water is used, the solution consumption is 2 liters per 10 square meters of planting.

You can also use Hom to protect plums, peaches, apricots, cherries and cherries. The drug helps to fight diseases such as moniliosis, curly, coccomycosis, cluster sporosis. On one tree takes 2 - 5 liters of working solution.

"Hom" is used to process quince, pear, apple. He fights monilioz and scab on these cultures. The consumption of the solution is also 2 - 5 liters per tree.

When grapes are infected with anthracnose and mildew, Hom is also used. Planting is sprayed during the growing season, 1.5 liters of solution is required for 10 square meters.

Method of use of the drug Home

Decorative and flower cultures are also susceptible to various diseases. They are sprayed with "Home" before and after flowering. The drug helps to fight spotting and rust.

Important! For processing plants using only fresh solution of the fungicide "Hom". It is strictly forbidden to store the finished working solution of the drug.

The treatment should be carried out in clear and calm weather, in the morning or in the evening, at a temperature not higher than + 30 degrees.

It should be noted that "Hom" is not resistant to precipitation, rain quickly washes away the drug and requires re-treatment of plants.

Reviews of the drug Hom

Valery Nikolaevich. We treat all berry bushes and fruit trees with the Hom preparation. We use on cherry, sweet cherry, plum, apple trees. Very effective means, it is enough to spend one treatment per month. It is advisable not to let bees to the treated trees for at least one day. Well, in the drinking water in the feed do not splash.

Eugene. For potatoes and tomatoes very well. There was blight, processed all this "Hom." The disease has passed. The most important thing is that after processing it does not rain, then everything will be washed off and it will be necessary to re-spray it. I also try not to allow children and animals to the treated landings on the first day.

Svetlana Vasilyeva. I use "Hom" for the third year. I process tomatoes, cucumbers, potatoes. Well helps from blight and bacteriosis. I spread a ten-liter bucket of solution and spray everything at once. It is important to catch cool weather, for example, morning or evening, in the heat can not be processed.

Igor Nice helps. I grow grapes, atraknoz appears from time to time. Then I take "Hom", I breed a 40-gram sachet for 10 liters and forward. It is believed that the fungicide is almost not harmful for a person, but once forgotten and smoked. I had to unsolder the activated carbon.

When used Hom

In appearance, the Hom fertilizer is a green powder that must be dissolved in water before use. The principle of action is to prevent the spores of the fungus from penetrating into the plant tissue.

Used for the following crops:

Diseases against which, according to reviews, apply fertilizer Hom:

  • leaf curl
  • anthracnose,
  • mildew,
  • scab,
  • peronosporosis,
  • late blight,
  • brown spot.

It is necessary to spray the plants 20 days before harvesting, so that hazardous substances can decompose or be neutralized by rain. If the grapes are processed, they do it a month before the intended berry harvest. You can not spray the plants during flowering, as this may kill bees.

The treatment is carried out either before or after flowering. During the growing season is not recommended to use the drug more than 4 times.

Advantages and disadvantages of the fungicide

Copper is one of the elements that is part of the active substances involved in metabolism. Affects the formation of chlorophyll in plant cells, improves the metabolism of carbohydrates and nitrogen. Under the influence of copper ions in vegetables, the content of starch, sugar, protein and fat increases.

With a lack of ascorbic acid and other vitamins is reduced. Copper deficiency is manifested in the bushiness of plants, although it does not increase fruits and berries. Some cultures show signs of chlorosis (mostly on the tops), the leaves curl.

The microelement deficiency in peaches is striking: the leaves change shape. This is called kinky and requires treatment. The need for copper in plants reaches a peak in the initial phases of growth - at the time of applying nitrogen fertilizers.

The substance is completely absorbed before flowering, so the processing time coincides with the needs of the plants. The greatest deficiency is observed on sandy soils. Hom can be used often, because the drug costs a penny, and the benefits of it are felt during the entire growing season.

Video: Fungicides - plant disease

In addition to the low cost, the fungicide has the following advantages:

  • can be used in conjunction with other plant care products,
  • preparing quickly, unlike the Bordeaux mixture,
  • does not cause addiction in pathogenic microorganisms, therefore, each time it works effectively,
  • You can buy a package of different weights, depending on the needs and number of plants,
  • a wide range of infections against which the drug is used,
  • does not violate the life cycle of plants.

Disadvantages of the fungicide are also available. Before buying fertilizer, it is recommended that you read the instructions for use of the drug Hom:

  • when used before the rain, re-treatment is required, since the solution is washed off (in this regard, it is better to use Bordeaux liquid)
  • not economical, since it is necessary to spray both sides of the sheet plate,
  • quickly destroyed by the action of oxygen (relative deficiency, since chemicals do not accumulate in tissues),
  • There are time limits.

At temperatures above 30 degrees, the treatment is not carried out, since copper oxychloride can cause leaf burn.

How to use Home for plants

Hom fertilizer instructions and dosages for vegetables:

  • If signs of anthracnose, perinospora or bacteriosis of cucumbers appear dilute 40 g of powder in 10 l of water. Liquid consumption - from 100 to 300 ml per square meter. Recommended 3 treatments per season.
  • Hom as a fertilizer for tomatoes is used 4 times during the growing season. Brown leaf and phytophthora are the main diseases of tomatoes. Up to 150 ml of liquid is consumed per square meter.
  • Onions are often damaged by peronospores. Processing is carried out 1 time.Concentration - 40 g / 10 l of water. Consumption - 200 ml per square meter.
  • To prevent the occurrence of phytophthora infection on potatoes for the season carry out processing 5 times. A solution of 40 g / 10 l.
  • Fruit trees require increased fluid flow: from 3 to 5 liters per tree. It is necessary to try to process all the leaves, so as not to leave the fungus chances. Spraying is carried out 4 times per season.
  • Processing of grapes is important to hold before the appearance of the ovaries. Prevention is better than curing or destroying the vine. All you need is 3 sprays.
  • For decorative flowers, the concentration is reduced up to 30 g of substance per bucket of water. The number of treatments - 2.

Before processing it is advisable to know for sure whether it will rain or not, so as not to do the same work twice and not waste the solution. Spraying done in the evening, if there is no strong wind. During the night, the active ingredients of the drug manage to destroy most of the spores of the fungus. If you carry out spraying in the morning, then there is a risk of getting burned leaves in hot weather.

Safety precautions when working with chemical fertilizers

In the instructions for use Home given the main recommendations How to use the drug:

  • The processing of plants in the garden is carried out, closing his eyes with goggles, and his hands with gloves. The drug is not dangerous for humans, but the first time you use it may be that someone is allergic to such substances.
  • You can not use the dishes in which they cook food, as well as metal containers, because Hom causes metal corrosion.
  • If the solution gets into the eyes when spraying fruit trees, wash them with plenty of running water.

If liquid enters the digestive organs, it is necessary to drink the packaging of activated carbon and drink a liter of water. Vomiting can not be caused - coal absorbs toxins and safely removes them from the body.

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