New varieties of the queen of the garden with maroon, almost black petals, which are highly resistant to disease and weather jokes, appear quite often. But the old rose, the Black Prince, does not lose its loyal admirers and is also often found in flower beds, as are new hybrids of similar coloring.
What is interesting grade
Black Prince (Black Prince - Black Prince) - one of the first hybrids, bred in the middle of the 18th century, gardeners in England. Of course, he does not have a radical black color, in principle, such roses can not be. The black effect creates a thick dark crimson color of the edges of the petals of a half-opened flower with the noble ruby shimmering inside. Fully blossomed inflorescences lose this feature somewhat, and in the heat they generally take on a rich raspberry, less often purple color.
Additional Information! Residents of the Turkish village Halffeti boast their “black” roses. In fact, they are dark red in color - in spring, in summer, the color of paint becomes so thick that the flowers appear completely black. This effect is the result of a combination of unique soil properties and high summer temperatures.
Rose Black Prince
The main characteristics of the variety
Shrub rose Black Prince - a representative of the tea-hybrid group (Hybrid tea rose). The main parameters of the bush:
- adult plant has a height of up to one and a half meters with an average diameter of up to 90 cm,
- shoots are well leafy, the leaves are ordinary, mediocre, without special decorative properties,
- thorns are large, their number is small,
- each shoot forms up to three buds.
Hybrid flower of a double-flower - 40-45 petals, sharpening at full disclosure. The central part of the inflorescence remains dense until withering. The diameter of a single flower is 8-9 cm. The color of the petals is rich maroon, thick crimson color, the effect of black shade creates their rough, velvety surface. The aroma is saturated, with a light tart wine flavor.
Note! The variety is resistant to low temperatures, typical diseases of roses. Flowering shoots look great in the cut, long remain fresh. Flowering usually begins with the second half of June. With the timely removal of withers, new buds are quickly formed. The duration of the flowering period - until frost.
Rose resistant to low temperatures
Features of growing
Agrotechnology hybrid varieties Black Prince - the choice of location, planting technology, cultivation and care - fully complies with the requirements for roses of the tea-hybrid group. Some features:
- Space requirements: well lit, protected from cold or hot, draining winds. Constant shading or staying under the hot sun is not favorable.
- The most suitable soil is black soil, loam, with good moisture permeability, neutral or slightly alkaline pH.
Landing dates - April or the first half of autumn.
Pruning is carried out in the spring, before the swelling of the kidneys. Possible schemes:
- short, 2 buds to form a lush crown with abundant blooms,
- average, for 5 buds, most suitable for group varieties,
- long, 10 kidneys, to limit growth,
Watering - every 8-10 days at the rate of - 20-25 liters of water for each plant.
- n Astadiya budding - 10-15 g of ammonium nitrate and potassium sulfate, 25 g of superphosphate per 10 liters of water,
- in the autumn, after flowering, 25 g of saltpeter, 50 g of superphosphate, 15 g of potassium salts per 10 liters of water.
Preparation for the winter is carried out according to the rules for the hybrid group. At the same time, it is taken into account that in the south of a rather high hilling rate, in the north a more thorough shelter is required, in windy areas, preferably a frame one.
Experienced growers note that this variety is somewhat capricious: in violation of the rules of cultivation, especially in the application of top dressing, it often becomes the object of attack by pests, is affected by fungal diseases. In general, the Black Prince rose is an excellent decoration of the dacha plot, suitable for single and group planting.
Planting, Growing and Care Tips
In order for the plant to always delight your eyes, there are some rules that help to organize the proper planting, cultivation and care of flowers:
Before planting this variety, the soil must be well loosened. The ground layer should be saturated with groundwater and minerals.
In the future, it is important to engage in feeding the bushes, from time to time fertilizing the soil. It is best to loosen the soil in autumn and apply various garden mineral fertilizers.
Like most varieties of roses, it is important for the Prince to water constantly and abundantly so that he does not dry out and die. Watering should be regular, but in no case do not fill the plant!
- Trimming and wintering
The Black Prince variety of roses requires pruning of the upper part of the bush - this will allow the plant to continue to grow actively. Pruning bushes should occur in a timely manner.
Although the “Black Prince” rose tolerates very low temperatures (up to -25 degrees Celsius), it is necessary to cover this variety in the winter period.
The process of sheltering a rose bush begins at a time when the air temperature drops to -10 degrees Celsius. It is necessary to care for an unusual rose systematically, regularly, carefully observing the appearance, condition of the soil, and the temperature of the environment. The plant is susceptible to various diseases and attacks of harmful insects - this is the main minus of the Prince.
If you are interested to learn how to properly care for garden roses in the fall, we recommend reading the article: //6sotok-dom.com/landshaftnyj-dizajn/tsvety/rozy/uhod-obrezka-podgotovka-k-zime.html
The Rose of the Black Prince is a beautiful plant that you can plant in your garden for decorative purposes. "Black Prince" is very popular due to its unusual appearance.
The plant has only positive reviews among different gardeners, does not require special care. When planting, it is important to observe some nuances so that the plant can actively develop and bloom. Seeds of this plant can be purchased at any botanical store, as well as via the Internet.
For information on how roses are grown, see the following video:
Rules for planting roses
Rose The black prince, whose characteristic is indicated above, is a plant that loves light and heat. That is why, before planting, you need to carefully select a suitable site that will be completely protected from cold winds, and also be characterized by fertile soils. To improve the soil is better to enrich it with compost, humus, sand, ash and slaked lime (this mixture can be applied directly to the pit for planting).
It is best to choose seedlings for your site that are not more than two years old, because at that age they can adapt to new conditions quite easily.
Features care for the Black Prince
Like any other variety, the Black Prince is a rose that requires constant attention, which consists in timely watering and fertilizing.
This plant is characterized by a well-developed deep root system that must be considered when watering. Too often, this is not worth it. Only when the topsoil is visually dry, can the procedure be carried out. And try not to catch the leaves. After that, it is better to mulch, which will help to preserve moisture in the soil for a longer period. You can use for this straw, compost or fallen leaves.
At the first sign of wilting, the buds need to be removed.
The black prince is a rose that requires regular and compulsory feeding, since it takes a lot of effort to form chic buds. Organic fertilizers must be applied for the winter, mineral fertilizers, on the contrary, in the spring. The second wave of fertilizing should be done only when the roses have bloomed, but no later than July. During this period, ideal fertilizers, which in its composition have a large amount of potassium.
The black prince is a rose that requires regular and compulsory feeding, since it takes a lot of effort to form chic buds. Organic fertilizers must be applied for the winter, mineral fertilizers, on the contrary, in the spring. The second wave of fertilizing should be done only when the roses have bloomed, but no later than July. During this period, fertilizers are ideal, which have a large amount of potassium in their composition, which will lead to an increase in the resistance of the plant to negative temperatures.
In winter, despite the Black Prince’s ability to tolerate frosts, it’s best to cover the bushes. To do this, the bushes of the plant are required to start to pile up to 20 cm, then to fall asleep with a certain amount of dry foliage, cover with spruce leaves and finally install a frame covered with a film or roofing felt.
Rose Black Prince Description
Scientists - breeders proved that roses can be of any color even in the wild, except blue and black.
All attempts to bring out roses with such flowers are doomed to failure, since there is no gene or combination of genes that will give such colors.
All absolutely black roses are a myth, as a rule, they are white or cream flowers, painted with special dyes. It is enough to hold the light flower in a solution of even a simple black gouache, as in a few hours it will acquire the desired black color.
Natural black roses are red roses with a rich, dark tone. This also applies to the black prince variety, bred in Britain in the second XIX century.
Today it is one of the old varieties, which is not superseded by new, more spectacular species. Due to its color, the black prince remains one of the most sought-after varieties, the petals of this rose are actually dark red or dark crimson.
Since the edges of the petals are darker, a kind of dark velvet twinkling effect is created. In the bud, the flowers are darker, as they unfold, the effect of black flowers diminishes and the roses gradually brighten.
If you look at the open rose black prince with a bright sunny color, then it will seem just crimson or purple, so it is advisable to plant flowers in a light shade.
The height of the bushes of a black prince exceed one meter and can reach 120 cm. The diameter of the bush is up to 80 cm. The leaves are dark green, reddish.
Video on how to care for roses after winter:
Shoots with a small number of thorns. On the shoot is from one to three flowers. The flowers are large, strongly terry, up to 40 - 45 petals, with a well-filled center, the petals are slightly pointed.
In buds they reach a size of up to 9 cm, as they open up to 14 cm, the diameter of a flower is 8 cm. The fragrance is quite strong, and there are wine notes in it.
The plant is well manifested in the cut. The dark color of the buds makes the bouquets unusually solemn, suitable for men, since Japanese florists have dark, almost black flowers that represent firmness and strength of mind.
In the garden, to enhance the dark effect, a black prince is better to plant a rose in a light shade, in a frame of two to three bushes of white or light cream varieties.
The disadvantage of the variety is a weak pedicle, because of which large flowers under their own weight slightly wilted, although on the whole the stems are strong.
In order for the black prince's bushes to please both the first and repeated flowering, you need to follow certain rules when growing them.
Rose Care Tips Black Prince
The soil for roses is suitable with a neutral or slightly acid reaction. For the black prince, it is better to choose a more acidic primer, the color of the petals in this case will be more saturated and very dark.
It is necessary to avoid heavy clay and light sandy soils with close groundwater levels. Before planting, the soil must be carefully dig and apply organic fertilizer.
It will take about two buckets of rotted manure per square meter. For clay soil it is better to take cow dung, and for sandy - horse.
In a clay soil to make a bucket of sand, and in the sand - a bucket of clay. In the soil of medium density is enough to add a mixture of sod, humus and leaf soil.
Mineral fertilizers, it is desirable to make after rooting roses. Given that the black prince grows predominantly on rootstocks with strong roots, the landing pit should be filled with fertile soil to a depth of 60 cm.
For successful rooting of a rose sapling, it must be watered regularly, adult plants also need regular watering, this should be done in dry weather at least once every five to six days, pouring no less than a bucket of water under the shrub.
Shelter for the winter
The black prince is cold-resistant enough, it can withstand negative temperatures down to -23, however, it is better to warm it for the winter, covering it with a plywood box and filling it with a mixture of sawdust and peat.
Make it better when the air temperature drops below - 5 - 8 degrees below zero. Before sheltering, remove all unbroken leaves from the bushes. Cover the top of the box with a waterproof material.
With the right agricultural technology, the appearance of a rose, the black prince pleases flower lovers with abundant remontant blooms, which continues until September.
Are there black roses?
Many novice flower growers, having first seen the Black Prince rose (the description and photo are presented in the article), which belongs to the group of tea-hybrid varieties, cannot hide their admiration for this beauty. The existence of black buds today can be called a myth or an advertising move by breeders. But it must be admitted that breeders were able to bring amazing varieties that have a rich dark color, as close as possible to the black one. The Rose of the Black Prince, well-known in many countries of the world, is undoubtedly one of those (you can see the photo below).
This amazing variety was bred at the end of the 19th century by breeders from the UK. Today it is one of the oldest dark-colored species, which is crowded with no less spectacular "black" roses, which modern breeders work on breeding.
This plant is characterized by rapid growth, excellent winter hardiness, almost continuous and abundant flowering. He is also loved for his resistance to many diseases characteristic of roses, the shape of flowers and a wide range of gorgeous shades.
The Rose of Black Prince, the description and photo of which we have presented in this article, is a light and heat-loving plant. For this reason, before planting, you must carefully select the appropriate site. It must be completely protected from winds and drafts. In addition, the soil in this area should be fertile. If it does not meet these requirements, it should be enriched using humus, compost, ash, sand and slaked lime. This mixture is introduced into the landing pit.
For planting choose seedlings no older than two years, because it is at this age that they quite easily adapt to new conditions.
Many gardeners dream of growing a black prince on their site. Its description today can be found in almost all directories on floriculture. But we would like to draw attention to the fact that the activity of flowering of this variety depends largely on competent care and constant attention to the plant.
The Black Prince is a deeply penetrating, well-developed root system. This must be taken into account when watering it. Do not do this too often: only after the topsoil is completely dry. Try not to wet the leaves. After watering, be sure to mulch, which will retain moisture in the soil for a long time. For this purpose, suitable straw, fallen leaves, compost.
If you notice that the Rose Black Prince (photos are placed in the article) began to wilt buds, they must be removed. With what it can be connected? Most likely, with a lack of nutrients. Rose Black Prince needs compulsory and regular dressing due to the fact that the plant spends too much energy on the formation of luxurious flowers.
Organic fertilizer is desirable to make late autumn, and mineral - in the spring. The following dressing is carried out after the rose has faded, but not later than mid-July. At this time, nutritional formulations containing a large amount of potassium will be suitable for a plant of this variety. This will help to increase the resistance of the bush to low temperatures.
Description of the Rose The Black Prince
The black prince is the black rose that was bred in the nineteenth century in Great Britain. Strictly speaking, there are no black roses, because when breeding it is impossible to obtain such a set of genes that would stain the petals of this flower in black. Therefore, if you are offered black roses - as a rule, these are white flowers that were simply painted black with the help of dyes. Black roses are called plants, the petals of which are painted in a deep dark red color, which sometimes can even appear black.
The Black Prince is an old variety that is still very popular on the market, despite the fact that a lot of new fine varieties have been bred over the past time. The flowers are rather large, cupped. Лепестки, как уже было сказано, окрашены в темно-красный, и если сажать такое растение в слегка затененном месте, создается впечатление, что эти розы черные. А вот на солнце будет ясно видно, что лепесточки у них красного цвета, просто очень темного оттенка.
The petals themselves are very dense, terry, their number on one flower is up to 45 pcs. The bushes of these plants are quite high - they can reach 150 cm, the leaves are bright green with a barely noticeable reddish tinge. On the shoots also have thorns, albeit in small quantities.
Appreciate this variety for persistent aroma and unusual color. As a rule, the edges of the flowers are slightly darker, so that the effect of "velvet twinkling" is created, which looks extremely attractive.
Cultivation and care of the variety
The most important thing is to choose the right place where the flower will grow. Firstly, it is not recommended to plant flowers in the shade, they will completely wither away without sunlight. However, an excess of sunlight is no less harmful to rosettes, it can get a sunburn. Secondly, the soil in which your beauty grows should be able to pass moisture and oxygen well.
Before planting the soil must be prepared in advance. It should be slightly acidic, which will provide the petals with a more saturated dark color. It is not necessary to plant a flower on clay or sandy soils with high groundwater levels - this will seriously damage the root system. Before planting the land, it is necessary to dig up the soil well and apply organic fertilizer in order to saturate the soil with useful elements. To do this, use the manure - it will be enough two buckets per square meter. Mineral dressing is made after the plants have been planted.
The very procedure of planting flowers of this variety differs little from the procedure of planting other varieties of roses. Dig a small hole, size 35x35 cm, fertilize the soil. After they place the seedling itself, gently spread its roots and sprinkle it with earth.
Caring for the Black Prince consists of several mandatory procedures, the timely implementation of which will allow you to get a beautiful rose bush.
- Watering. It is important to know the measure, because the state of the roses and the lack of moisture will not affect the state of the roses. Irrigation mode is determined by the host of the flower itself, and it is carried out as the topsoil dries. On average, watering is carried out 3-4 times a month (in the hot season), using 2-3 buckets per adult rose bush. Spring and autumn water the plant a little less, but do not forget about this procedure. After watering, be sure to loosen the soil so that the roots get access to oxygen.
- Feeding. Do not forget about fertilizers - this is an important part of caring for a flower. Before budding, ammonium nitrate is fed (15 g), superphosphate (25 g) and potassium salt (10 g) per 10 liters of water. After the rosette has blossomed, it is fertilized with a solution of ammonium nitrate (25-50 g), superphosphate (15 g) and potassium salt in 10 liters of water.
- Crop. The procedure is needed to create lush, richly blooming rose bushes. It is carried out in order to remove dry and broken twigs, as well as shoots that grow inside the bush. As a rule, pruning is carried out in the spring, before the buds swell.
Types of trim are as follows:
- Short The shoots are cut off into only two buds, due to which a beautiful crown is formed, and the flowering becomes more abundant.
- Average. Shoots pruned on five buds. So usually cut tea and hybrid varieties of roses.
- Long Pruned a significant part of the shoot (10 kidneys), is carried out with excessively active growth.
- Rejuvenating Shoots are cut almost at the very ground. Due to this procedure, new, stronger shoots are formed.
Pest treatment. This variety is little resistant to the attack of various pests and various diseases, so do not forget about the prophylactic spraying of the bush with the appropriate drugs.
Preparing the bush for the winter
Unlike most varieties, the Black Prince belongs to the frost-resistant varieties and is able to withstand temperatures up to minus 23 degrees. However, it is better not to tempt fate and with the onset of frost to safely cover it so that low temperatures do not harm the plant.
Before covering the plant, it is necessary to rid it of all the leaves that have not fallen, and slightly prune the shoots. The cover procedure itself is carried out using a plywood box (a flower is covered with it), which is covered with sawdust and peat, and then covered with a waterproof material on top. This procedure helps to protect the plant from cold weather in regions where winters are very severe and have little snow. Tightening with a shelter is not worth it, so start the procedure when the temperature drops to minus 8-10 degrees.
Choosing a landing site
The rose loves light and heat, and for this it is necessary to choose places well lit by the sun, but not in the sun itself either, she does not like drafts and cold winds. Therefore, the most suitable place will be a plot near the buildings, where there will be little shading for it, and even better if other varieties of roses are planted in the neighborhood. The bush itself is pretty strong., but the only disadvantage of this variety of roses is its weak pedicle, therefore, under the weight of its own inflorescences, it wilts a little.
Soil for roses and planting rules
Great value for growing beautiful and strong bushes is fertile, structural soil with good water permeability so that there is no stagnation of water.
- The best for growing rose bushes are loamy chernozem soil.
- It is preferable to choose slightly acidic and neutral soils, although on the acidic soil, the color tone of the black rose will be darker.
- Heavy clay or sandy soils are undesirable for growing this variety, but this can be corrected by applying organic fertilizers.
- If the groundwater is close to the bedding, then it is advisable to raise the flowerbed above the ground level, since this variety of roses, the root goes deep enough.
Before planting, the soil must be well dig, remove weeds, make the necessary organic fertilizers. The planting itself is practically no different from the planting of other varieties of rose bushes. A hole is dug in the prepared soil, the seedling is lowered into the hole carefully, straightening the roots, and covered with earth, leaving the grafting site on the surface. Around the bush rim is made for easy watering, and so that moisture comes directly to the root.
In order for the rose to grow beautifully and delight in its colors and fragrance, it requires proper care, which consists in their timely implementation.
The black prince does not like both excess moisture and its lack; both of these reasons will negatively affect the condition of the plant. It should be watered when the layer of soil located on the surface dries out a bit, while it should be remembered that the roots of this rose penetrate deep into the soil, watering in the summer heat produce every week, pouring at least three buckets on one adult bush, while trying not to fall on the leaves, but strictly under the root. In spring and autumn, this procedure is carried out somewhat less frequently, after which it is necessary to loosen the soil, so that oxygen penetrates well to the root system.
Organic and mineral fertilizers are an essential part for good growth and flowering of roses, the plant is first fed with mineral fertilizers before the development of buds. This requires ammonium nitrate, potassium salts and superphosphate. The following dressing is obligatory after the end of flowering in order to recuperate the plants spent on the development of peduncles. Organic fertilizers are recommended to be applied in the winter.
Pruning is an obligatory procedure, it is needed to give the rosebush a certain pomp and better flowering is also necessary to remove dried and broken twigs, and at first signs of wilting inflorescences. Mostly pruning is carried out in the spring, before the buds swell.
The decorative rose Black Prince, is grown up both for further cutting for the purpose of creation of bouquet compositions, and for create a landscape area. The simplest way of its cultivation and cultivation is grafting. The best and high-quality cuttings are obtained, harvested during the formation of buds from semi-woody shoots, or once at the end of flowering buds.
For cuttings are selected shoots from the middle of the bush, the most appropriate time for this procedure is considered to be early morning.
On the handle, which should be no more than nine centimeters, leave no more than two leaves.
At the same time, it is necessary to make a correct cut, the lower one is made, at an angle, right under the kidney, the upper cut is straight, and slightly above the kidney. To reduce the evaporation of moisture, the top leaf is cut in half.
After that, the finished cuttings must be placed in a container with a stimulator of the formation of the root system for about 24 hours. After that, they are rooted in the prepared soil substrate, and covered with polyethylene on top, creating a greenhouse for them, not forgetting to moisten them daily from the sprayer. After about 30 days, the roots will appear, after which they can be planted in separate containers.
Although the rose is Black Prince, the plant is frost-resistant, but when the temperature drops below eight degrees, it is necessary to cover well, especially in areas where winters are snow-free and frosty. Before sheltering, remove fallen leaves and slightly trim the top shoots. As a shelter, you can use any covering material, as long as they are protected from frost.
This variety of roses is not very resistant to various diseases, so throughout the growing season, it is necessary to process it with appropriate preparations.
If desired, every amateur grower can plant these beautiful roses with a unique aroma in his garden, the main thing is to follow certain rules for caring for the plant.