They have long petioles, leaf plates are triad-dissected. The leaves that grow on the stems do not have petioles, the leaf plates are trifoliate. The characteristic of flowers is as follows: single, of different colors (yellow, white, blue, violet, crimson, multi-colored), drooping, of various sizes, often petals or sepals with spurs necessary for the plant to accumulate nectar.
Spurs grow in Alpine, Olympic, ordinary, ferrous, Canadian, blue, golden, California aquinegia and Skinner aquilegia. These species grow in Europe and America. Plants growing in China and Japan form spore-free flowers. The watershed forms the fruits in the form of multiple leaves, containing bright, small, poisonous black seeds, which remain fresh for 12 months.
There are two ways of sowing aquilegia:
Planting aquilegia seed right in the ground - the easiest way to reproduce
1. In the garden. Experienced gardeners recommend sowing on the day of seed collection directly into the ground. In the spring, the seeds will hatch, will easily take root in the ground, get stronger, and later sprouts can be transplanted to a permanent place.
2. Sowing aquilegia at home. Who can not immediately sow the catchment, collect the seeds and put in a cold place until spring: it will be a stratification of aquilegia, like natural. Seed material cannot be stored just like that, but it is better to mix it with the soil mixture so that germination does not deteriorate. In the spring, at the beginning of March, they take the seeds out of the fridge, remove traces of soil, plant in containers with light but abundantly watered soil. Shoots germinate for a long time, it is better if the container is covered with a film to create a greenhouse effect. As soon as you see the sprouts, the film should be removed. Aquilegia grows from seeds at home in about 2 months: by this time it will be possible to transplant the plants into the ground.
The ideal substrate is as follows:
- leaf earth
- humus, all in equal quantity.
- Seeds are placed on top of the ground, then sprinkled with the same layer of 3 mm. The container is covered with burlap and placed in a dark place with an optimal germination temperature of 16-18 ºC.
- Keep the land constantly wet, because a normal amount of water is an important component of successfully growing aquilegia from seeds.
- Green sprouts hatch in 7-14 days. Further gardeners expect the formation of the first two true leaves. This is a signal that the plant can be gently swoop down into separate cups.
A month later, you can land in open ground. A similar moment comes at the height of spring - in April-May.
Aquilegia planting and care in the open field
Inexperienced gardeners need to know two things about the landing of the catchment - how to do it and when. Consider them in more detail.
1. When planting aquilegia in the ground. Replant green seedlings in the summer, in early June. The first place of cultivation in the ground is not the main, but serves only for rearing. When a young plant gets into the open soil, you need to make sure that it does not fall into direct sunlight, otherwise the green will just burn.
By August, seedlings are transplanted to a permanent habitat. You can not choose a place that should be in the shade, and plant the plant where you like, because the formed bushes do not die due to sunlight. The only lack of dwelling in the sun is the lesser flowering time, the worst characteristics of the flowers themselves. The plant begins to bloom by 24 months after sowing, and becomes a fully developed bush by the end of the third year.
Aquilegia landing and care photos
2. How to land in open ground. Aquilegia is an unpretentious plant, therefore it grows on any soil, but prefers a loose, moist and light humus substrate. In order for the flower to develop better, before planting it in the ground, the plot is loosened, digging, mixing the soil with the compost and humus, adding it in the amount of 1 bucket per meter cubic earth.
- Dig the first 20 cm in depth.
- Then produce aquilegia at the rate of 10-12 units per square meter.
- The number of flowers can vary depending on their size, height, flower bed goals.
- Large aquilegia are grown at an optimal distance of 40 cm, and small - 25 cm.
Planting plants with such an interval, you need to monitor them, since aquilegia is self-seeded. However, it is possible to allow such growth, and after 5 years to remove planted old plants, leaving the young, who sow themselves.
What kind of watering likes care?
Aquilegia Flower Photos
The rules for the care of any flowers imply the observance of agrotechnics: watering, maintaining the soil in optimal condition, feeding and weeding, ensuring normal development. If we talk about aquilegia, this plant loves moisture, and this is due to the peculiarities of the root system. This flower takes root deep into the ground, so not used to dry due to lack of moisture.
Proud beauty does not tolerate the presence of weeds on the site, especially at a young age. Therefore, we need to do frequent weeding, as well as loosen the soil for a longer retention of moisture in it. The plant must be regularly fed to achieve a beautiful and long-term flowering.
Vegetative reproduction of aquilegia: cuttings and dividing the bush
This flower can be made on the site not only by sowing, but also by vegetative propagation. So, flowers aquilegia successfully transfer cuttings and dividing the bush. The latter method is practiced quite rarely, only if necessary to dilute a very important variety. This is due to the fact that the plant is quite painfully experiencing the moment of dividing the bush. Firstly, aquilegia has very long roots, and secondly, they are fragile, so the plant does not survive well after such operations.
If division cannot be avoided
They pick up the most mature bush (3-5 years), which is completely removed from the ground in the springtime, trying to preserve all the roots. Then they wash the lower part of the plant, and the top is almost completely cut off, leaving only a little shoot and the freshest leaves.
A longitudinal section divides the large root together with the stem into two parts, dividing in such a way that each new plant has at least two renewal buds and a pair of small roots. After cutting, exposed areas of the roots are sprinkled with charcoal, after which the separated plants grow for some time in boxes, while they take root and adapt to such a drastic intervention.
Grafting - easier breeding process for aquilegia
It is also conducted in the spring, before the formation of a new foliage system. Finding a young shoot, cut it together with the "heel". Next, apply the tool root on the bottom of the trimmed part, and then planted the stalk in the greenhouse.
An improvised greenhouse cannot be touched for ten days, while constantly monitoring the presence of moisture in the soil. After 3-4 weeks, the cutting is considered fully rooted and ready for transplanting into open ground for a permanent growing place.
Diseases aquilegii, pests
Aquilegia double aquilegia winky double red white
Most often, the plant suffers from manifestations of gray rot, rust, powdery mildew. The first disease must be fiercely fought, burning all the affected leaves. Rust can be treated by adding sulfur products or a mixture of copper sulfate and soap solution to the spraying solution.
On the plant sometimes powdery mildew settles, fungal white plaque, from which there is only one way to get rid of - to treat the greens with a colloidal solution of sulfur and green laundry soap. This solution really works and has the resultant plant health.
If we consider insect pests, most often the flower is affected by aphids, shovels, nematodes, spider mites. They should be fought with the help of actellic, karbofos, yarrow paste. If we are talking about nematodes, it is better to forget about growing aquilegia on this site, since it is hopelessly infected and requires long treatment with acaricides.
Aquilegia after flowering
Aquilegia Nora Barlow Aquilegia Nora Barlow Photo
Aquilegia is attractive only when flowering. When the flowers dry out, the stem can be removed by cutting near the outlet. The remains of healthy plants are sent to compost, but if something is struck, it is set on fire in order not to infect the soil with diseases or pests in the future.
If you need to collect the seeds, the best flower stalks are not cut, but leave until the seed ripens. To prevent the grains from falling to the ground, they put gauze dressings on the fruits, into which the seeds will be collected. The time after flowering is the best for reproduction. You can plant seeds for the winter, divide the bush, carry out other manipulations.
Before winter, you need to prepare the plant for the cold. Old bushes of 4-5 years of age begin to climb out of the ground with their roots, which adversely affects the development of young greenery in the future and flowering. To avoid this, it is necessary after pruning the aquilegia for the winter to close the bulging roots with humus mixed with peat. Through this operation, the plant will receive protection from frost and new nutrients, so necessary during wintering.
Types of aquilegia
Although researchers in nature distinguish more than 100 types of aquilegia, most of them are not cultivated culturally. In the flowerbeds can be found only the following types.
Alpine aquilegia (Aquilegia alpina). A small plant, 30 cm tall (up to 80 cm on fertilized soil). It has luxurious flowers with a diameter of 8 cm, blue, with short curved spurs. Flowering time is June-July.
Aquilegia Fan (Aquilegia flabellata). The height of the plant is more - 60 cm, but the flowers are smaller - up to 5-6 cm. The leaves in the rosette are trifoliate, on long petioles. The flowers have very curved long spurs. One peduncle contains up to 5 bluish-purple flowers with a faint marginal border. Such aquilegia tolerates frost well, multiplies rapidly, has a high degree of self seeding.
Aquilegia vulgaris William Guiness
Aquilegia ordinary (Aquilegia vulgaris). Has a height of 40-80 cm, grows in Europe. The flowers are 5 cm in diameter and the color is from blue to purple. This applies to wild specimens. In culture, there are all sorts of varieties that have different colors, the degree of terry, some with spurs, others without. In Russia, this species is best suited for cultivation, as it survives at -35 ºC,
Aquilegia Hybrid (Aquilegia hybrida). Different varieties of this species are obtained during the hybridization of aquilegia vulgaris and some American species. The plant is very tall, up to 1 meter. Some varieties have spurs of various sizes, some not. The species is distinguished by large double or simple nine centimeter flowers.
Aquilegia golden-flowered (Aquilegia chrysantha). The flower comes from America. It has a nice golden color and large spurs. In Russia, it can be successfully grown, as it tolerates winter and drought well. Although this species is not very popular with us, requests for it have been growing lately.
Aquilegia Canadian Aquilegia canadensis
Canadian Aquilegia (Aquilegia canadensis). Comes from North America, has a red-yellow bloom and straight spurs on the petals. Unlike the previous one, the species does not tolerate drought, as well as direct sunlight. In our area has no popularity.
Aquilegia atrata dark aquilegia
Dark aquilegia (Aquilegia atrata). It is of European origin. Plant height - 30-80 cm, leaf color is gray, flowers - dark purple. Flowers are small, 3-4 cm each, with short spurs. The species differs in that the stamens significantly protrude above the flowers. Flowering time - May-June. Ideal to grow aquilegia dark in partial shade. This species is used for breeding of dark-flowered hybrids. Used in cutting.
Aquilegia Olympic Aquilegia olympica
Olympic aquilegia (Aquilegia olympica). It grows in the Caucasus, in Asia Minor, Iran. The average height is 30-60 cm. The stalk has dense pubescence. Blue flowers grow to 10 cm in diameter. Flowering time - May-June.
Aquilegia skinneri Aquilegia Skinner
Aquilegia Skinner (Aquilegia skinneri). North American species, characterized by average winter hardiness (up to -12 ºC). Blossoms in red and yellow color, straight spurs on the petals.
Aquilegia barlow aquilegia
Aquilegia Barlow - large-flowered species, flowers reach 10 cm in diameter. Looks very elegant double perianth. Exquisite sepals become spurs. It grows in partial shade, blooms until autumn.
This is of course not all types of beautiful flowers that are interesting flower growers and breeders. In gardens and flowerbeds, you can meet aquilegia of alpine alder, small-flowered, two-colored, blue, Bertoloni, green-flowered, alkaline, ferruginous, Siberian and other species.
Growing aquilegia from seed
The most favorable time for sowing the seeds of aquilegia is autumn, and it is necessary to sow them directly into the ground. Of course, you can sow them immediately to a chosen place, but it is better to choose a small area, sow the seeds, and in spring, when shoots appear and grow, plant them. But there is a technology and spring planting aquilegia. It is a bit more complicated and more time consuming. Aquilegia seeds quickly lose their similarity. To prevent this from happening, the seeds collected in the fall should be mixed with wet peat and placed in storage in a cool place (refrigerator, cellar). At the beginning of winter, the washed seeds are sown in containers with light nutrient earth and sprinkled with a thin layer (3-4 mm) of the same ground. Necessary conditions for the germination of aquilegia seeds - shade and moderate temperature. Therefore, containers should be covered with an opaque material and placed in a shaded place with a temperature within +16 - 18 degrees. Usually it takes about 10 days to seed. If necessary, during this period the surface of the earth is slightly moistened with a spray gun. When young plants get a pair of real leaves they can be planted. Usually this happens by the beginning of May and weather conditions do not allow planting seedlings of aquilegia directly into open ground right away. Therefore, it is possible to plant it in separate pots and, after waiting for steady heat, to land on the site. This method of growing aquilia from seeds is considered the most reliable and effective.
Usually, aquilegia seedlings are planted in open soil in early June. But do not immediately put her in a permanent place. Pick a place protected from the sun with good, light soil and plant a seedling of aquilegia for growing there. By the end of the summer, the plant will get strong enough and can be transplanted. If there is an opportunity not to hurry, then it is better to wait until the next spring and only then sit down.
How to plant akvilegiyu
You can choose any landing site, but in sunny areas the aquilegia does not grow very readily. Its flowers in this case are smaller, the duration of their flowering is less. Best of all, aquilegia will grow in light penumbra, on slightly moist, light, nutritious soil. If the soil is not nutritious, you can improve it beforehand by digging a shovel with compost or humus to the depth of the bayonet (one bucket per square meter of earth). Aquilegia looks best in a group planting, but you shouldn’t especially thicken the planting. The optimal number of plants - 10-15 pieces per square meter, depending on the size of the selected variety. The layout of aquilegia also depends on its size. If you choose a low-growth species, the distance between the plants should be at least 25 cm, for tall ones - 40 cm.
Aquilegia - Plant Care
Aquilegia plant is very unpretentious and easy to care for him. It will consist in watering, loosening the land, weed control and infrequent feeding. Over time, aquilegia acquires a powerful root system that goes deep into the earth. Therefore, it does not feel the lack of moisture. But if summer is very dry, then no irrigation is necessary. To reduce them, and retain moisture in the ground, loosen the earth after watering, you can also mulch the soil. For successful growth and flowering, aquilegia enough two fertilizing. One top dressing at the beginning of growth - phosphate fertilizer and the second in the middle of summer - organic matter.
Reproduction of aquilegia
Over time, aquilegia develops and becomes unattractive, therefore, it must be rejuvenated. You can take the simplest path - let her do it herself. The fact is that aquilegia perfectly reproduces by self-sowing, and after a while you will notice that the colors on the plot have increased. While the main plants are still young, these seedlings are removed. But in the process of aging of adult flowers, you can remove them, leaving the young shoots. If you do not want to allow reproduction of aquilegia by chance or there is a desire to increase the number of its plantings, then in addition to the already described cultivation of aquilegia from seeds, there are other ways.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
It is possible to divide a bush aquilegia both in the spring, and in the fall. При делении следует учитывать, что все части этого растения очень хрупкие, а корни уходят глубоко в землю. Из-за этого такой способ размножения аквилегии не пользуется популярностью среди цветоводов.Before digging a bush, it is necessary to water it well, it will greatly facilitate its extraction. Then the entire above-ground part of the aquilegia is removed; only small cuttings with young leaves are left, only up to 10 centimeters long. The root system of the bush is cleared of soil and washed. After that, with a sharp knife the bush is divided into the required number of parts. Each delenka must include: a part of the main, central stem of a plant with a certain number of small lateral roots and at least one living kidney. After that, each delenka immediately landed in a prepared place and plentifully watered.
Pests and diseases aquilegii
Most often, aquilegia is affected by powdery mildew. A sign of the disease is the appearance of whitish plaque. Subsequently, the leaves become brown and die. The most effective and common method of dealing with powdery mildew is treating the plant with a solution of sulfur colloid with the addition of green soap. But you can use and purchase the drug.
Of the pests on aquilegia, you can most often find a moth, spider mite, and omnipresent aphid. To destroy these pests use any drug designed to combat them.
Aquilegia: Varieties and Varieties
Nowadays, not everyone is familiar with him, which cannot be said about the Middle Ages, when any lady was bestowed with these beautiful flowers. Aquilegia is mentioned even in Hamlet.
These plants are characterized by a two-year development cycle. Their rosette leaves have long petioles. The richness of shades is impressive: there are blue, white, crimson, and also aquilegia, which combine several shades at once. Most of the flowers of these plants have spurs, accumulating nectar.
There are about 120 species of this beautiful plant, which is also called an eagle, a catchment, a dove or a shoe of elves.
- Fanlike aquilegia. It has trifoliate leaves with long petioles. Her flowers have large curved spur. Such aquilegia is painted in a blue-lilac shade with a beautiful white border around the edge. This species grows well and is well adapted to the cold.
The most famous are such varieties: Variety Barlow, Winky, Varortotype Tower, Biedermeier, Cameo and others.
Any flowerbed will change in an instant, as soon as a magnificent aquilegia appears on it. Planting and caring for this plant is absolutely not complicated, but require the implementation of some simple rules and tips.
Planting sprouts aquilegia in open ground for growing takes place in June. It is necessary to provide these perennials with shade, to protect them from the rays of the sun. Already strengthened aquilegia transplanted to a permanent place in the spring of next year. They can be planted both in the shade and on a sunny plot. However, when exposed to bright sunlight, their flowering period will be slightly shorter.
The cultivation of perennial aquilegs is best done on a light, moist and humus-rich earth. Before planting, the soil must be dug up with compost (depth about 20 cm). When planting aquilegia in open ground, you should take into account the moment that 1 square meter. m. should be placed no more than 10 plants. Between high grades when planting observe a distance of about 40 cm.
Attention! Aquilegia can spill its seeds on the ground. Be prepared in this case to fight with self-sowing plants.
Aquilegia, the cultivation and care of which do not require special skills, will bring you a lot of pleasure and will delight you with its unpretentiousness. These plants love regular watering. However, thanks to a well-developed root system, they rarely lack water. The exception will be only a very dry period.
In the care of aquilegia, it is important to remove overgrown weeds that impede the normal development of the plant. Loosening the land, especially after rain, will increase its water permeability.
Fertilizer and fertilizing aquilegia
Caring for amazing aquilegia also involves the periodic introduction of feeding. Fertilizer is applied twice in the summer. At the very beginning of development, the plant requires mineral fertilizers. To do this, you need 50 g of superphosphate, 25 g of saltpeter, 15 g of potassium salt. In addition, it is fed with a weak solution of mullein.
In order to cultivate watersheds to bring you fantastic results, it is recommended that you feed them nutrient-rich soil every year. This procedure will help prevent the rise of rhizomes above the ground, from which shoots become weak.
Reproduction of aquilegia suggests two options:
Sowing seeds in open ground (possible in boxes) occurs in the fall or spring. They are scattered on the surface of a moist soil, and then they are sprinkled with earth, then covered with a film. If these are old seeds, then they are washed, sown, kept warm for about 4 days, and then frozen.
The first shoots with such reproduction will appear within a week or two. Seedlings get out of the cold and continue to grow in a well-lit place at room temperature. Planting seedlings directly in the flower garden takes place in May and June.
Attention! Provide a vigorous, deep capacity seedling. It is necessary for the normal development of rhizomes.
Proper and timely care of the plant will give you a fabulous bloom, which will not be equal in landscape design.
Plant reproduction method dividing the bush can be carried out only for 3-5 years of his life. They do this at the beginning of spring or autumn so that the delenki can take root well in the ground before the onset of the first cold weather. The watersheds react badly to the transplant process, and their roots are very sensitive. Therefore, the division should be carried out very carefully. Each delenka should have about two buds and many small roots.
Diseases and pests
Quite often there is a decay of aquilegia due to excessive watering. Planting in an unfavorable and too shady place can cause powdery mildew, which is manifested by white bloom on the leaves. In this case, the plant is treated with a solution of sulfur.
There is also such a disease aquilegia, like gray rot. It is a dark watery spots. Treatment with a solution of potassium permanganate or fungicides will help fight it.
In just a few days, the catchment can be destroyed by aphids or caterpillars. For prophylaxis, young plants are recommended to be treated with basezol.
Aquilegia: combination with other plants
Aquilegia perfectly perceive combinations with other plants. For example, they look great with plantings of bluebells, irises, oriental poppies, Badanov, anemone, ferns and all sorts of decorative cereals. The stunted species are in perfect harmony with stonefriars, carnations and gentian. Higher varieties can be combined with lupins, bathing suits.
Aquilegia in landscape design
In modern landscape design, aquilegia is used for plantings in parks, mixborders, stylish alpine slides (low-growing varieties). They will decorate any rabatka or flowerbed. Sometimes they are used to create stylish dry compositions, paintings and murals.
Aquilegia is a refined and delicate plant whose beauty cannot leave you indifferent.
The peculiarity of the catchment is that not only its flowers are decorative, but also the leaves.
The plant grows no higher than one meter in height (except for some hybrid varieties). Dangling flowers of various shades - blue, yellow, white, crimson and violet - grow on an erect little-branched stem. There are also bicolor flowers, which combine several shades. The root system is no more than 50 cm, pivotal. The root is thick and well developed.
The description of aquilegia would be incomplete without mentioning the leaves. They are collected in the rosette, which retains its decorative appearance until wilt.
The tender name of this flower is Orlik. They call it still doves, boots, bell and columbine.
Aquilegia is a perennial with three types of spur: straight, curved or ring-shaped, and without them at all.
The catchment is known for active self-seeding. After transplanting a young plant, flowering should be expected no earlier than the second year.
Mr. Scott Elliot
Aquilegia Mr. Scott Elliot
The variety Mr. Scott Elliot is a perennial up to 80 cm high. The diameter of the flowers is 10 cm. They have a variety of colors. This variety is winter resistant and unpretentious, blooms in spring and early summer. It grows well in shaded areas.
Aquilegia Ruby Port
Ruby Port (Aquilegia Ruby Port) reaches a height of 60 cm. The flowers are saturated red with a yellow corolla.
Aquilegia Dark grows in the Alps. This is a fairly tall plant. Its height reaches 80 cm, although there are also undersized varieties, not higher than 30 cm. Drooping flowers of this species with a diameter of 3-4 cm. Colors vary from purple to black and blue. Often, there is a white border around the mouth of the corolla.
Aquilegia "Yellow Crystal"
The catchment of the Yellow Crystal variety is 80 cm high. These are unpretentious frost-resistant herbaceous plants. They grow best in partial shade, on loose, humus and moist soil. Flowers solitary with one elongated spur. The grade received the name because of a yellow color of flowers.
Aquilegia Blue Ice
Miniature aquiley blue ice blooms from mid-May to mid-July. This species has large violet flowers with patches of creamy white.
Aquilegia Blue Star
Tall aquilegia Blue star with blue-blue flowers up to 10 cm in diameter. Blue-green leafy leaves. This grade is unpretentious, plentifully blossoms for the second year after landing.
The hybrid plant Blue Star looks wonderful in mixed flower beds, in combination with ferns, irises and bells.
Clementine variety looks very similar to flowers of clematis, hence the name. Flowers without spur. The variety blooms very copiously. Plant height is average, not more than 40 cm. It is good to plant this species in rockeries and pots.
Type of aquilegia Canadian native of North America, almost never occurs in Europe. The flowers are red-yellow with spurs. This variety is tall - up to 60 cm in height.
The beautiful aquilegia Skinner variety has drooping red-yellow flowers with straight spurs. This species is not frost-resistant - the plant should be covered for the winter. Originally from the south of North America.
Crimson Star Christmas Star
Crimson Star Aquilegia
Type aquilegia Crimson old medium growth, up to 50 cm. The flowers are white and red in color, up to 6 cm in diameter, leaves are decorative dark green. This variety blooms in mid-summer - June or July.
Aquilegia Nora Barlow
View Nora Barlow, named after the grandmother of Charles Darwin, has been cultivated since the 17th century. The plant is about 70 cm tall. The flowers are white-pink, terry. The form of the plant, in comparison with other species, is sprawling.
Giant poppy cana
Aquilegia Giant Poppy Cana
Mac Cana - tall hybrids. The height can reach 120 cm. Because of this, the variety is sometimes called gigantic. The flowers have long spurs. The colors of the petals and sepals are usually different. There are blue, blue, light purple, white, yellow, pink, red and dark red colors.
For the hybrid Mana Kana lime sorbet, white flowers are characteristic.
Aquilegia Barlow Black also belongs to the Mac Cana variety. Erect stems may be slightly omitted. The flowers are deep dark purple, almost black. Hence the name - aquilegia Black.
As the name suggests, Alpine aquiley grows in the Alps. The flowers of this species are large, blue-purple. The best soil for this variety is sandy and loamy. Since the habitat for plants in the mountains, it is used to create rocky and alpine hills.
Frost-resistant view with straight, short stems. The varieties of this variety include, in particular, aquilegia winky double red and white. Due to its short stature, the plant does not require tying up, it is very resistant to winds.
Akvilegiya zolotnotsvetkovaya occurs in the territory from the south of North America and to the north of Mexico. The flowers are large, yellow. Like all species from America, there are spurs. The plant is very high - up to 100 cm. This species looks great on the background of emerald lawn.
Aquilegia vulgaris grows in Europe. Plants of this species reach a maximum of 70 cm in height. Flowers can be blue, purple or pink. This species is the most frost-resistant, withstands temperatures up to -35 C.
The aquilegia Barlow Blue is distinguished by its double flowers in blue. Stems erect. The plant is about 80 cm tall. It flowers in June-July.
Aquilegia vulgaris William Guinness grows to a height of 75 cm. The flowers are terry, dark lilac.
Weeding and loosening the soil
In order to prevent a crust from appearing on the soil, it is necessary to break through the ground after rain or watering. If this is not done, dried up topsoil will prevent air from reaching the roots.
The watershed has a developed root system, it is quite unpretentious in irrigation, but, nevertheless, it loves water. It should be watered in small portions as the soil dries. The best option - watering, which simulates rain. This will help irrigation system.
Every year the plant must pour fresh soil. This is required both to renew the soil and to hide the roots that crawl out. Many species grow well among stones.
To care for the catchment during the growing season, you need to combine watering with fertilizing organic or mineral fertilizers. It is best to do this three times - in May, June and after flowering.
If the plant is properly fed, you can achieve flowering throughout the summer.
How to care for aquilegia after flowering?
After aquilegia in the garden ottsvetet, the stem must be cut to the rosette of leaves. If the plant is healthy, it is used as a compost. Patients instances better to burn. If this is not done, there is a risk of contamination of the soil and other plants.
The time after flowering is great for planting akvilegiyu or do the division.
As mentioned earlier, the roots of the catchment will eventually protrude above the soil surface. In order for the plant not to freeze, it is necessary to mulch it before winter and cover the roots with fresh ground. Preparing for winter is best to start in the fall.
To avoid random dispersion of seeds, the catchment must be cut. This procedure is carried out immediately after flowering and helps to preserve the decorativeness of the plant.
Planting and breeding
Reproduction of plants in open ground is carried out either by cuttings, or by seeds. Less commonly, this is done by dividing the bush. This method is used only if it is necessary to preserve some rare variety. The method of dividing the bush is inconvenient because of the length of the root system of aquilegia - the roots grow deep and rather fragile.
Planting aquilegia should be carried out in the penumbra. Open sunny areas should be avoided, since only a few species of this plant tolerate them.
Planted young plants bloom only in the second year.
How to grow aquilegia from seed to seedlings?
When self-harvesting seeds should be planted far away from each other. Growing aquilegia in this way requires some skill. The plant is very easy to intersect and pereopilyatsya. In order to avoid this, you can additionally isolate the seeds with gauze.
Gather the seeds of a grown plant in August, before they fall to the ground.
If you are not going to plant the seeds immediately, then they need to be stored at a low temperature. Seeds that are stored for several months must be stratified.
The watershed seeds have expiration dates, they should be planted as soon as possible. The maximum shelf life of seeds of this plant is 5 years. But it should be remembered that from seeds older than 2 years it is difficult to achieve flowering.
Since the root of the plant is quite powerful, the boxes or containers for planting need to choose deep.
Sowing seeds of aquilegia in open ground: when is it better to plant?
Planting seeds in open ground is the most popular and fastest method of reproduction. Use peat or paper containers for this.
Best of all, the catchment grows in loose and moist soil. Before sowing seeds, the soil needs to be dug up to a depth of 20 cm. Depending on the height of the variety, seeds are sown at a distance of 25 to 40 cm. The higher the flower, the farther it should be planted from others.
Division of the adult bush
Reproduction by dividing the bush is suitable for plants aged 3-5 years. The recommended time for the procedure is early spring or early autumn.
You need to carefully dig up the bush, trying not to damage the fragile roots. The roots need to be washed off the ground, and the bush should be freed from shoots and from all leaves, leaving only the youngest ones. The taproot should be cut in half, making sure that each half has a pair of renewal buds and several roots, sprinkle with pounded coal. The resulting delenki need to be placed in boxes with nutrient earthen mixture.
Use in landscape design
Amazingly beautiful flower in landscape design is good to use in mixed plantings. В пышных композициях куст аквилегии выигрышнее смотрится на переднем плане. Низкорослые сорта можно использовать на альпийской горке и в рокариях вместе с гвоздиками и горечавками.
Высокорослые виды замечательно смотрятся с колокольчиками, маками и ирисами.
Уход за аквилегией
Aquilegia refers to unpretentious plants and can easily develop, both in the shade and in open space under the sun.
In the first case, the flowering period is longer and the sizes of the flowers are larger. The preferred soil is a slightly loose soil of moderate humidity.
Aquilegia is resistant to droughts, but do not neglect regular watering, which will further affect intensive flowering.
Also in summer, flowers are fertilized with minerals - 1-2 times per season.
After completion of flowering, the stems of aquilegia are cut at the level of basal leaves. This procedure will not allow undesirable hit of seeds in the soil and will keep a decorative condition of bushes. Every year fertile soil is added to the bushes.
Aquilegia perfectly tolerates the winter and does not require additional care during frosts.
The best option for placing flowers is 10-12 stems per 1 m² of land. When growing low-growing varieties of plants, the desired distance between individual flowers of aquilegia is 25 cm, in the case of tall varieties, up to 40 cm.
Aquilegia is not the best way to tolerate transplantation, and in many cases this leads to the death of the plant. If transplantation is necessary, it is best to make it at the end of summer or at the beginning of autumn so that aquilegia can adapt to a new place and take root before the onset of frost.
Read on our website, especially watering orchids at home.
The procedure itself will require:
- dig up a bush aquilegia along with a small amount of land,
- trim the leaves, leaving only a few young,
- cut the root of the flower along so that each half has root buds,
- sprinkle the rhizomes with charcoal,
- bury the bush in a new place and water intensively at the initial stage.
Older plants eventually lose their original attractiveness, which is most noticeable during the flowering period, so they are replaced by new ones. The approximate period of the full life of aquilegia is 5-7 years.
This species is found in forests, meadows and even at the foot or on the slopes of the mountains. The height of the stem can reach 80 cm, while the plant has a small rhizome.
The flower, 4-5 cm in diameter, may have a white, pink or purple color, depending on the type of aquilegia ordinary.
The leaves have a dissected form in two or three lobes. Aquilegia ordinary refers to wild plants, has healing properties, while containing a sufficient amount of toxic substances.
This flower is the result of crossing aquilegia vulgaris with other species from the Americas and the Northern Hemisphere.
In nature, plant height varies in the range of 50-100 cm.
The leaves have an original bluish or even colorful shade. Large flowers can reach more than 10 cm in diameter.
The color of the petals is varied: white, golden yellow, pink lilac. The flowering period is June and July.
Perennial herb can reach 1 m in height. The leaves have a bluish color and the original three-lobed form.
The flowers are large in size and differ in terry bloom; besides this, terry aquilegia is endowed with a variety of shades and shapes.
The flowering period - the beginning of summer. It occurs in both domestic and in natural conditions.
The habitat habitat of Barlow aquilegia is mountainous and temperate arrays of the Northern Hemisphere. It has a thick and branched root, which can go down 50 cm into the ground and occupy about 70 cm of area.
The stem of the plant reaches 100 cm in height. Barlow aquilegia has large flowers of various colors and dissected bluish leaves. It is found in the form of shrubs.
Clematis are one of the most popular flowers among summer residents. Find out the varieties of clematis varieties.
Read how to plant clematis in the spring, so that all summer they would delight with their flowering: https://rusfermer.net/sad/tsvetochnyj-sad/klematis/posadka-i-uhod.html
Grows in Western America in the meadows and forests of the subalpine belt. Blue aquilegia quite often appears on the covers of publications on ornamental plants and adorns the image of the coat of arms of Colorado.
In nature, it occurs in the form of overgrown shrubs, reaching a height of 70 cm. Ornamental huge leaves have a bluish-green shade and are divided into three lobes.
Flower sizes can be up to 10 cm in diameter and have a blue or blue color.
Often found in areas of Western and Eastern Siberia. There is palpable pubescence along the erect stem.
It is found in the form of shrubs with a height not exceeding 70 cm.
The flowers are white or lilac-blue in size up to 5 cm in diameter.
Catchment in landscape design
Aquilegia can be planted in groups, they look good in single landings. Particularly impressive look two - and tricolor orliki.
The flower, having blossomed, fades in about a week. But due to the large number of flower stalks, the bush looks attractive for a long time. The cut aquilegia is well worth the bouquet.
Orlik leaves are well combined with astilba foliage. Tall watersheds coexist well with lupins and foxglove.
The plant is considered weakly poisonous. If young children are walking in the garden, it is better to temporarily refrain from growing aquilegia in places accessible to them.
Aquilegia retains a decorative appearance until late autumn. When creating flower arrangements, keep in mind that a watershed can easily change its color.
Features of aquilegia
These plants have a two-year development cycle. Thus, in the first year of life, a regeneration point is born at the base of the stem, and from it in the autumn, when the plant has faded, the formation of a root rosette takes place. In the spring time, the foliage of this outlet dies off, while a new one appears in its place, and the peduncle comes out of its center, and flowers and stem leaf plates grow on it. Rosette leaf plates have long petioles, and they are twice or thrice tripled, dissected, while the trifoliate leaves are sedentary. Drooping single flowers can be painted in different colors and have different sizes, which depends on the type of plant and variety. So, you can meet yellow, crimson, blue, white, purple flowers, as well as two- or multi-color. In most species there are spur flowers on the flowers - these are outgrowths of the sepals or petals that are hollow inside, exactly in them is nectar. The so-called spore species include the American and European species of such a plant, namely: Alpine, ferruginous, Olympic and ordinary, as well as blue, Canadian, Skinner, golden and California. Japanese and Chinese species are devoid of spurs. The fruit is represented by a multi-leaf, in which are small glossy seeds of black color, which are poisonous. They remain viable for 12 months.
What time to land
In open soil for growing seedlings transplanted in June. Young plants require shading from the direct rays of the sun. In a permanent place where they can grow for several years, the seedlings are transplanted at the end of summer or next spring. It is possible to land the grown-up aquilegia both in a shady, and in a sunny place. It should be borne in mind that in plants that grow in partial shade, the flowers are somewhat larger and stronger, as well as longer flowering, compared with those that grow in the sunny area. The flowering of such a flower grown from a seed will come in the second year of life, and only in the third year of life will it reach full maturity.
Diseases and pests
Aquilegia can become sick with gray rot, powdery mildew and rust. Those parts of the flower that are affected by gray mold or rust must be cut and destroyed. It should be remembered that there are no effective drugs against gray rot. To cure rust, it is possible to make treatment with an agent containing sulfur or a soap solution mixed with copper sulphate. Very often, the catchment area is ill with powdery mildew, while on the leaf plates a fungal patina of white color is formed. Infected leaf plates, curl, turn brown and die off. To remove the fungus, it is necessary to treat the bush with a solution of colloidal sulfur with green soap.
Spider mites, nematodes, aphids, as well as scoops can harm such a flower. To get rid of ticks and aphids, it is recommended to use yarrow paste, Aktellik or Karbofos. An effective nematode remedy has not yet been found. Most often, infected shrubs are dug up and destroyed, and on the place where they grew, those plants are planted that are not afraid of nematodes, namely, onions, garlic or cereals.
Alpine Aquilegia (Aquilegia alpina)
The bush is rather low (about 30 centimeters), in the nutritious earth the height of the bush can reach 80 centimeters. The diameter of the flowers is about 8 centimeters, and they are painted in various shades of blue. Short spurs curved. Flowering is celebrated in the last days of June, in the first - July.
Either Akita - in height the bush reaches 60 centimeters. Radical rosette consists of trifoliate leaf plates with long petioles. The diameter of the flowers is about 5-6 centimeters, the spurs are long, strongly bent. On the peduncle there are 1–5 florets, colored lilac-blue, and on the edge there is a blurred border of whitish color. The species is winter-resistant, rapidly growing self-sowing.
This form includes various forms that are created for the most part by crossing aquilegia of ordinary and American species. Bush height depends on the variety and can reach 0.5–1 meters. Large flowers have a diameter of about 9 centimeters, there are both spherical, and with spurs of various sizes. Flowers can be terry or simple.
Originally from North America. This type of large flowers are not drooping golden color, which have long spurs. Differs drought and winter resistance. It is rarely grown in middle latitudes, but its popularity is gradually growing.
Dark aquilegia (aquilegia atrata)
The height of the bush of this European species can vary from 30 to 80 centimeters. The leaf plates are bluish, and the drooping flowers are dark purple. Their diameter is from 3 to 4 centimeters, there are short curved spur that protrude stamens. Flowering is observed in the last days of May, the first - June. Grows well in partial shade. This type is often used for breeding varieties with dark colored flowers. Used for cutting and flower arrangements.
Olympic Aquilegia (Aquilegia olympica)
Homeland Iran, the Caucasus and Asia Minor. Bush height from 30 to 60 centimeters. The stem has dense pubescence, the diameter of the flowers is about 10 centimeters, they are pale blue with long spurs. Flowering occurs from the second half of May to mid-June.
Skinvile Aquilegia (Aquilegia skinneri)
Homeland of this type of North America. It is frost-resistant (to minus 12 degrees). Drooping flowers of yellow-red color have straight spur.
Still quite popular with gardeners are such species as: kelly aquilegia, small-flowered aquilegia, blue aquilegia, two-colored aquilegia, Bertoloni aquilegia, glandular aquilegia, Siberian aquilegia, aquilegia Siberian, aquacilecy alkalat and others.