Carnation travyanka - cousin ordinary garden carnations. Catchy flowers with an easy border of petals will decorate any flower bed. Grassy grass, unlike her relative, is unpretentious. The plant can fully develop in completely different places without special conditions, caring care.
A flower has a lifespan of 4-7 years, and no transplantation is required. The stalks stretch upwards, reaching a length of 20 cm. The inflorescences, in accordance with the variety, can vary from rich red to pale white. Rhizomes are quite short. The plant is equally well in the forest, field, mountainous area. Since the grass is easily adaptable, planting it will bring a minimum of problems associated with care and will bring maximum joy from the kind of well-groomed flower beds and vegetable gardens. The flowering period lasts about 45 days, followed by reproduction by self-seeding.
Features of the form
Perennial herb The carnation travyanka (Dianthus deltoides) is a typical European species that is easy to find on forest edges, clearings and the edges of forest meadows. It readily grows on sandy soils, prefers elevations, hillsides and river banks.
The loose bushes swaying in the wind are formed by graceful vegetative and flowering shoots up to 40 cm high, with slight pubescence. The leaves are small, elongated, in the spring with a distinct bluish bloom, later becoming more and more green. Thin roots form loose sods, stems tend to root in the nodes.
The flowers are small, with a diameter of 1.5–2 cm, five-petalled, corrugated or smooth, with a serrated edge. The color is various - white, pink, crimson, red, bicolor. Showy flowers attached internal expressive rim in the form of a ring at the base of the petals. Blooms profusely, lasts from June to early September. Seeds begin to ripen in July, the plants give self-sowing.
A remarkable advantage of the species is frost resistance, strong young bushes tolerate a drop in temperature to -35–40 ° C.
Adorable unpretentious perennial carnation over the centuries of cultivation in culture has gained many loyal fans. Her outstanding decorative qualities and durability attracted breeders, wonderful original varieties were obtained, including evergreen forms, which are especially good for rockeries.
Varieties and types of cloves
Clove perennial pinnate - terry kind of plant. Its dense low bushes play with bright colors, giving a flowerbed an unusual look. The flowering of this variety lasts several months, which will allow you to enjoy the scent of cloves throughout the summer. A variety of colors and compact form allows the plant to use when creating an alpine slide.
The perennial Dutch carnation (garden) is distinguished by its continuous flowering, which begins in June and lasts until the frost. Obtained by crossing different types of carnations.
Perennial Shabo carnation is a variety with large flowers of various shades. Terry inflorescences are very diverse, the petals are arranged in fancy buds, which have wavy or corrugated edges. The plant has a captivating aroma.
Turkish carnation is a type of perennial carnation, a rather unpretentious variety. Large flowers combine several colors - this is the main difference between Turkish carnation and other species.
Growing cloves from grass seedlings
Grass seeds are planted in the ground, waiting for good weather, when the cold weather is over. Sow from mid-April until the end of May. In addition, the plant is not afraid of cold weather and negative temperatures, so it is perfectly possible to sow under winter: the seeds will undergo a natural stratification during the winter and seedlings will appear very quickly in early spring.
The optimal distance between the rows when landing is about 10 cm, the depth of seeding is 1-2 cm.
The distance in the row also leaves at least 10 cm.
The carnation is light-requiring, therefore it is recommended to choose an open, accessible to the sunlight place for the plant.
The soil should be light, with low acidity, well loosened. Providing soil drainage - a pledge of full blooming clove. Stagnant water can destroy the plant, cause root rot, damage to the stalks, fungal lesions. In winter, grass does not need shelter, as it is frost resistant.
How to collect seeds
A gardener who cares for flower beds occasionally clears a flower bed from dried, yellowed leaves, wilted petals, and leaves the right amount of flowers to collect seeds. In order to collect the seeds of the favorite variety of cloves of grass, you need to select large and healthy flowers in advance. A flower box should become yellowish, beige or brown by the time the seeds are harvested (the color depends on the type of grass). Petals at this point should be completely dry. Get quality seeds is easy. But we must remember that if the boxes to collect early, then the seeds will not ripen and will not sprout the next year.
If the florist does not collect the boxes on time, the seeds will fall into the ground on which they are simply not visible (if the winter is warm enough, then they will ascend with self-sowing next spring). Collecting clove seeds Important! It must be remembered that if there are long autumn rains, the ripened seeds must be removed in time. From the abundance of water, flowers can start to rot. The boxes are cut with scissors, substituting a cup or container. Then the crop is dried for several weeks, remove the seeds from the boxes, put them in a paper bag and put in storage in a dark place. Seeds should not be stored at a negative temperature. Temperatures above + 10-12 degrees can lead to desiccation and death of the seed. The room should not be too humid - in this case, mold or fungus can appear on the seeds.
Carnation travyanka in landscape design
This unpretentious plant can be grown not only in suburban areas, but also in urban parks. The grassworm goes well with many flowers and shrubs and is used in the creation of landscape compositions. In artificial landscapes carnation travianka naturally and naturally looks in the Japanese rock garden, on the plant islands of the rockeries and on the alpine hills. In landscape design, carnation is widely used in landscaping, it is a necessary component in gardens of continuous flowering, flower beds, mixborders, rabat carnation Travyanka is a low-growing plant, it is planted on complex, multi-level flower beds. This flower can be grown instead of lawn grass (some landscape designers alternate lawn grass with low-growing perennial flowers).
Low-growing carnations perfectly set off the harsh look of fences and pillars from the "wild" stone. Flowers can be planted along garden paths, among flat stone slabs, carnation bushes will serve as a natural border for paths from decorative tiles. Every year planting carnations carnations look better and more natural, since almost all varieties are perennials. Carnation travyanka in landscape design Breeders every few years, offer growers new varieties of flowering plants, and low-growing carnation is no exception. This plant is well adapted to the weather conditions in Russia and the CIS countries. Planting carnations with grass seeds is simple and, with the simple requirements of agrotechnology, allows you to grow wonderful flowers.
Care of this type of carnations is not at all burdensome. It is required to carry out rare watering and several times to fertilize the plant during the season with mineral dressings and humus.
The winter hardiness of a grassland eliminates the need to cover a flower, but it carries with it another danger that must be remembered. Rodents, large gourmet, happy to fortify stalks and rhizomes. There are two ways to avoid damage to the bushes. The first is to place baits filled with poison near the flowers. The second is to cover the carnation with spiny twigs. The second option is preferable if there is a dog. It's easier to avoid a dangerous situation, when the animal eats the bait.
Travianka do without weeding. It covers the ground in such a dense cover that does not leave a chance for weeds to germinate.
Travianka - a perennial plant, reproduction of which occurs by cuttings, seeds, as well as the division of bushes.
- They are engaged in cuttings in the last days of May, in the beginning of June.
- The shoots are cut under the leaf node, placed in the soil mixture with sand or perlite to prevent the occurrence of fungus.
- It is necessary to provide high humidity, so the plants are covered with a film.
Overgrown bushes are best divided in March, then the plants will begin to bloom in the same year.
Seed propagation is described above. One of the advantages of the plant - self-seeding after peretsvetom. Self-seeding in many ways facilitates care, eliminates for several years from worry about planting flowers.
Disease prevention Pest control
Thrips, nematodes, and polar bears cause serious damage to the carnation.
To protect each year in the late autumn thoroughly dig up the ground, so that the pests are frozen out during the cold season. Deep loosening of the soil destroys the underground passages created by insects, which makes it difficult for them to find food.
It is recommended during the preparation for the wintering to collect and burn all plant litter on the site. It is impossible to leave heaps of weeds between the beds after weeding. Be sure to use special protective equipment. Preparations need to be alternated so that the pests do not have time to adapt to the substances.
Grass is susceptible to infection with viruses and fungi. It is forbidden to plant a plant next to tulips, which “share” their diseases with it. Drained soil is the best prevention of fungal lesions, the abundance of moisture leads to rotting and death of cloves.
The most common diseases
Alternaria. Fungal infection Signs: round brownish spots, cover leaves with dark green almost black bloom. The inflorescences wither, the plant dies.
Fusarium. Fungal infection Signs: the leaves turn yellow and fade, but remain on the stem, the stem itself acquires a reddish-brown tint, its root part rots. Flowers can not fully bloom.
Rust. Fungus. Signs: the stems, the leaves seem to be covered with real rust, red-brown swellings with dirty yellow spots around. Save the plant, cutting off diseased leaves and sprinkling it with a fungicide.
Mottling. Manifested in the spring. Inflorescences lose their usual form, the leaves are covered with spots. Why does mottling occur? The answer has not yet been found, but practice shows that lilac can be a source of infection.
If we sow in the ground
Grass seeds are planted in the ground, waiting for good weather, when the cold weather is over. Sown from mid-April until the end of May. In addition, the plant is not afraid of cold weather and negative temperatures, so it is perfectly possible to sow under winter: the seeds will undergo a natural stratification during the winter and seedlings will appear very quickly in early spring.
- The optimal distance between the rows when landing is about 10 cm, the depth of seeding is 1-2 cm.
- The distance in the row also leaves at least 10 cm.
- The carnation is light-requiring, therefore it is recommended to choose an open, accessible to the sunlight place for the plant.
The soil should be light, with low acidity, well loosened. Providing soil drainage - a pledge of full blooming clove. Stagnant water can destroy the plant, cause root rot, damage to the stalks, fungal lesions. In winter, grass does not need shelter, as it is frost resistant.
If we sow on seedlings
Carnation flower travyanka growing from seed photo shoots
Seedlings should be dealt with much earlier - in March. For planting seedlings use soil, which includes turf soil, not a large amount of sand, peat. The ratio of peat and soil 1: 1, add less sand. Important note. Sand is used only processed in a special way. These are preventive measures against diseases.
- All components are mixed until uniform, poured into boxes, pots for seedlings.
- You can use the finished nutrient substrate.
- Then the soil is watered, laid out the seeds on the surface of the substrate, covered with a thin layer of sand, covered with a film of polyethylene. You can even use cling film.
- Before the appearance of sprouts, the temperature should not fall below 17 degrees.
- When the seedlings come, she needs a cooler place with a temperature of about 12 degrees.
- With a lack of daylight, plants are watered only a couple of times a week.
- A dive can be performed when a flower has 2 true leaves.
- When planting seedlings, gaps between rows make at least 3-4 cm.
- April is the time when the carnation should dive, each sprout in its own capacity.
- The plant needs hardening, which will help it to adapt after planting. To do this, do not be lazy to make seedlings every day on the street, gradually increasing the time you stay there from an hour to a full day.
Hardened seedlings are planted in the ground at steady warm weather without night frost. The plants are beautifully planted with small islands, 5-8 pieces in a group. It is desirable to observe the randomness of planting, to give a flower bed of naturalness. The distance between the seedlings of 10 cm, so that the plants could grow beautifully, without drowning each other.
Travyanka makes it possible to saturate the palette of colors of flowerbeds and garden plots with a variety without additional efforts.
Popular varieties of carnations travyanka with a description and photo
Carnation grass splendance dianthus deltoides splendens photos in the garden
Luxurious carpet of fragrant pale pink flowers will not leave anyone indifferent. Variety Splendens It has an abundance of flowering and high endurance in all weather conditions.
Carnation travyanka flowers photo variety dianthus deltoides leuchtfunk
Grade leuchtfunk slightly taller, and flowers slightly more saturated color. Stunning aroma and long bloom.
Carnation travyanka diamond burgundy Dianthus Deltoides Brilliant growing and care photos of flowers
Brilliant grade truly fascinates the view with stunning flowering with an abundance of flowers, behind which you can barely see the stems. Perfect ground cover and border plant.
Pink Carnation Dianthus deltoides Brillant photo of flowers in the garden
The pink version of the Diamond variety is very effective, it is impossible to resist not to plant a couple of bushes in your flower bed or in the garden. A very frequent guest in the recreation area: by planting such a clove nearby with a bench, you can enjoy the fragrance of flowers that you cannot forget.
Carnation travyanka white variety Albus Dianthus deltoides Albus flower photo
Snow white is a good contrast and independent decor. Albus variety. Alternating islands of white and pink pink, you can create impressive mixborders.
Carnation travyanka Arctic Fire dianthus deltoides arctic fire planting and care photos of flowers
Variety Arctic Fire really resembles the northern lights with fantastic pink divorces on a white background. Flowers are large, with a pleasant aroma.
Carnation travyanka red Flashing Light dianthus deltoides flashing light landing and care photos in the garden
Scarlet flowers varieties Flash Light effectively stand out against the background of gently pink and white contrasting landings. It looks good apart, it will be beautiful if you mumble the soil around with small decorative stones.
Carnation travyanka pink variety Sparkle growing from seeds photo on flowerbed
Grade Sparkle simply fascinating: unpretentious in the care, while giving a lot of flowers during the season. Delicate pink flowers with dark edging around the middle. Gentle fragrance.
Carnation Travyanka Maiden Pinks Flashing Light Maiden Pinks photo in the garden
Real Flaming Flame - Maiden Pinks varietycharacterized by an abundance of flowers of medium size. Unable to take your eyes off!
Carnation travyanka Kant Libra planting and care photos of flowers in the garden
Low grade carnation Kanta libra - only 15 cm - will delight with beautiful large flowers abundantly hung on straight stems. Hardy perennial, quickly multiplies self-sowing.
Carnation travyanka red Confetti Dianthus deltoides Confetti Deep landing and care photos in the garden
Purple-red carpet varieties of confetti looks spectacular anywhere in the garden. It is especially beautiful to plant bushes in the bright sun, but in the penumbra the beauty feels good.
Carnation travyanka White Red planting and care photos of flowers in a flowerbed
Delicate flowers varieties White Red just charming. Will be a good solution for the border or contrast plantings, shading tall flowers in rich tones.
On the cultivation of carnation travyanka tell video:
Carnation travyanka - a wonderful plant that will revive the garden, garden plot, without requiring careful maintenance. For landscape design the carnation is a real find: a border, an alpine slide, a decorative fence - you can use travianky bushes to create them. Высушенные в тени цветы растения народная медицина рекомендует как средство против воспаления и боли.
Carnation travyanka, planting and care which does not cause trouble, also does not require much attention during reproduction. Breeding carnation seeds, division and cuttings:
- propagated by cuttings at the end of May or beginning of June,
- it is better to cut off the shoots at an angle and then place them in a prepared substrate of sand and perlite, because it can undergo a fungus,
- You need to take into account the humidity of the air so that it is high, for this the shoots are covered with polyethylene.
The division of the bush should be practiced in March, and then it will bloom all season. A seed plant multiplies itself. Self seeding facilitates care.
Disease and Prevention
It is able to pick up the virus and completely blotchy. Another plant afraid of bearies, thrips and nematodes. Do not plant a grass next to tulips, because they are able to transmit their disease to the carnation.
As a preventive measure for various fungal diseases, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the soil so that it is not wet and the plant does not start to rot, because this is the first sign of death.
Before wintering, it is best to collect all the litter from the plant; there should be no weeds between the beds. It is also best to use protective equipment.
Preparations should be alternated so that diseases and pests cannot adapt to protective substances. And thanks to deep weeding and loosening, you can protect the plant from insects and rodents, as this destroys their underground passages.
The most common plant diseases include:
- Alternaria. The disease manifests itself as brown spots on the leaves and stem of a carnation, and gradually the flowers begin to wither and then die off completely.
- Fusarium. Due to the poor development of the stems, the flowers begin to wither and fall away.
- Rust. The disease affects the leaves and stems, but the flowers can still be saved by cutting the diseased stems and leaves and spraying it with a therapeutic agent - a fungicide.
- Mottling Strange spots begin to appear on the leaves, and then the flowers are deformed. At the moment, the cause of the disease is unknown, but if the grass has become ill with it, then it can be transmitted to other plants.
After describing the plant, we can conclude that the carnation does not require any special care or planting, and at the same time it looks beautiful and grows for a long time. She can decorate any place in the garden or on the site, and you can make a beautiful small fence or alpine slide, as long as there is imagination.
Another clove is often used in traditional medicine. Need to collect flowers and dry them. This is best done not in the sun, but in a shady and dry place. Then you can make infusions and teas from them, which have an anti-inflammatory effect and serve as a painkiller.
Carnation travyanka is related to the garden carnation and refers to the perennial plants. Differs culture flashy flowers with a border of petals. Its stems grow upwards, sometimes reaching 20 centimeters. Depending on a grade, inflorescences can be various shades. Flowers consist of five petals. The roots are short. Grass is completely unpretentious: it grows on any soil, does not require special conditions and careful care. The plant for seven years does not need to be seated. Carnation can be found:
Flowering wild carnation can be enjoyed for 45 days. The plant multiplies by self-sowing. One crop provides a huge amount of seeds ripening in a flower box.
Variety of varieties
Hybrid varieties differ from wild crops in dense foliage and tall stems. On the territory of Russia the most popular varieties of carnation are the following:
- Splendens. It amazes with fragrant pink flowers.
- Diamond. The variety blooms so abundantly that because of the inflorescences the stems are completely invisible. Planted near the curb culture.
- Brilliant pink. View is used to decorate recreation areas: planted near shops, gazebos, playgrounds.
- Albus The grade differs snow-white inflorescences.
- Arctic Variety is like the northern lights. Smooth transition of shades on flowers: from pink to white.
- Flanshing Line. Variety amazes scarlet flowering.
Seated in small segments at the dacha of the plant in different shades and adding small decorative stones, you can get a unique design. Wild grass does not need special care.
For planting in rock gardens and creating low curbs, stunted varieties reaching a height of 10–20 cm are of most interest. In mixborders, near deciduous perennials and for decorating rose gardens, larger shrubs and creeping forms are suitable. Two-colored carnations are very cute, and flowers decorated with contrasting rings, they invariably become universal favorites.
Carnation travyanka grade Brilliant (Brilliancy)
One of the most popular varieties has incorporated all the best qualities of the species - unpretentiousness, early bright flowering and compactness of the bushes. Plants up to 15–20 cm high, with graceful branching bluish color shoots forming friable clumps. The flowers are small, with brilliant crimson-red petals and burgundy ring closer to the center.
Flowering extremely generous, begins in May and June and lasts until August. Upon its completion, it is desirable to remove flower stalks, which will retain the decorative effect.
Confetti Deep Red
Carnation travyanka grade Confetti White (Confetti White)
A delightful variety of modern series with branchy dense bushes and long colorful blooms. The plants are low, about 15 cm tall, completely covered with dark red, juicy tones with shiny flowers with a diameter of 1-1.5 cm with a jagged edge.
Abundant flowering, in which each bush becomes a mini-flowerbed, begins in May and lasts wavy until the beginning of autumn. Carnation is stable, in frosty winters it needs light shelter, the ground part does not die off. The Confetti series includes attractive variations:
- Confetti White (Confetti White) - with white delicate flowers, decorated with dark pink thin ring,
- Confetti Deep Rose (Confetti Deep Rose) - lilac-pink with a purple ring,
- Confetti Tiefrot confetti - crimson-red with burgundy ring.
All varieties are suitable for planting in rock gardens, near water bodies or as ground cover plants on poor soils. Perfectly combined with blue bushes of fescue and perennial bells. Give a good self-seeding.
Carnation travyanka grade White Red (White Red)
Flowering plants create a fancy patterned carpet in pink and white. Wonderful variety is represented in the collection of the company "Author's seeds." The bushes are low, form thick turfs, from which a multitude of peduncles rise to 15 cm in height. The flowers are small, white in color with bright pink or crimson center. The aroma is pleasant, spicy.
Luxurious bloom lasts for two months - from June to early August. An excellent dwarf variety is suitable for growing as a ground cover plant or a tapeworm on a rocky hill.
Carnation travyanka Shrimp grade (Shrimp)
Spreading branchy bushes grow up to 15–20 cm in height, stems and green leaves with a bluish tinge, covered with sparse pubescence. The flowers are graceful, with a finely toothed margin, dense pink "shrimp" color with a thin beard ring.
The catchy variety is interesting as a ground-cover plant and for planting in rockeries, looks great among the stones, next to the chocolate geyher, near the conifers. It blooms for a long time - from June to the end of August, abundant and bright.
The article "Carnation - the best varieties and hybrids" presents the most popular varieties of different types of carnations.
Site selection and soil preparation
The inhabitant of dry elevations, carnation travyanka prefers dry areas exposed to the sun. When placed in a flower bed, low bushes are arranged so that they are not shaded by larger plants. Permissible diffused penumbra from dwarf birch or pine, which is in the midday heat. In the deep shadow of a carnation it will be poorly bloom and develop poorly.
The species is grown as a perennial crop. For the planting of single seedlings or individual groups it is advisable to prepare the landing holes. Continuous preparation of the whole plot is carried out, if it is planned to draw a border or create a carpet of ground cover varieties.
Travyanka grows well on light porous substrates, limestone or sandy soils are optimal. It is unacceptable to plant plants on sour, clay, lowland soils with stagnant water. At first such land is cultivated - water is diverted, sand is mixed with ground shells, sour soils are lime.
Plants do not need nutritious manured soil and may die when fresh manure is applied. For the spring planting of saplings, the plot is prepared from autumn or early spring, carefully cleaning the weeds.
Under digging or planting holes, sand, high-moor peat, and leaf ground are introduced, seeking relief from the soil and obtaining a breathing structure. To avoid stagnation of water at the roots, drainage from expanded clay or shell rock is placed at the bottom of the planting pits.
When planting on a rocky hill grass, it is better to allocate a place on the slope, and not at the foot. When decorating the paths with flower borders, it is worthwhile to retreat from the edge - ground cover varieties tend to creep away with creeping shoots, and the narrow path can be completely covered with clove “waves”.
Carnation travyanka in the design of the track
Despite the fact that clove grass is most often grown as a perennial plant, it is recommended to plant the plantings every 4–5 years. Otherwise, the bushes grow, the center is empty and the whole plant looks untidy, losing decorative qualities.
Most varieties are well propagated by seeds and even self-sowing, but it is worth considering the ability of cloves to over-pollination. To get plants that are identical to the parent, use vegetative propagation, most often dividing the bush or layering.
For the cultivation of perennial carnation there is no need for winter or early spring crops for seedlings, as for Shabo or other Dutch forms, which greatly facilitates the reproduction of this species.
Crops are carried out in April-May using boxes, pots or greenhouses freed from vegetable seedlings. A light substrate is prepared for sowing, mixing in equal parts turf, leaf ground (high-moor peat), and adding a double portion of sand. The carnation seedlings in peat tablets develop well.
Soil for seedlings and seeds are decontaminated before planting. Substrate steamed, calcined or shed fungicidal agents. Seeds stand for 15–20 minutes in pink potassium permanganate or fungicide solution Maxim, Fundazol.
Seeds are spread over moistened soil, sprinkle copiously with water and cover with glass. For full-fledged friendly shoots, a temperature of 17–20 ° C is required. As soon as sprouts appear, the glass is removed, the seedlings are provided with good illumination, covering from the scorching sun, they are watered moderately, avoiding the accumulation of water in the pallets.
With the advent of the fourth pair of leaves, seedlings are planted in greenhouses with distances of 10 cm between the bushes, or in separate pots with a diameter of 7–8 cm. loosening the soil, otherwise preserve the gentle plants will not succeed.
Sow clove grass directly in open ground only if there is a sufficient number of seeds - seedlings are weak, thin and most of them can die if attacked by pests, weeds grow or in heavy rain.
When spring sowing, the soil is prepared in the usual way, in April, the seeds are sown in the grooves, pressed into the soil, and sprinkled with mulch. Crops are sprinkled over and covered with a film until germination, after which the shelter is removed. Seedlings break through with a distance of at least 10 cm between the bushes.
In the case of podzimnogo sowing, seeds are buried in the ground to a depth of 1 cm and mulch, after melting the snow, part of the mulch is removed. Shoots will appear in early terms, in the first half of April. Seedlings important to break through or spread out on time, be sure to loosen the surface of the soil and closely monitor the emergence of weeds.
Carnation travyanka successfully propagated dividing the bushbecause plants tend to root in the nodes of creeping shoots. Thus, adult bushes grow, baring the center. In the spring the bush is dug up and divided into delenki with a root system and full-fledged shoots. Seedlings are placed on a permanent place, watered, mulched and tended in the usual way.
The ability of carnations to take root in the nodes is successfully used for breeding. layering. For this, in May-June, grooves are dredged in the mother plant, watered, shoots are laid, fixed with a brace and sprinkled with loose soil. To retain moisture, the area can be covered with agrofiber or mulched. The top of the shoot is left on the surface.
The following spring, the resulting seedlings are separated from the bush, divided among themselves and planted in a permanent place.
Carnation travyanka grade Arctic fire (Arctic Fire)
Growing in natural conditions on scanty stony and sandy soils, resistant to heat and frost, carnation does not require special care in a flower garden. However, this can be fully attributed only to adult, strong bushes.
Seedlings and seedlings of cloves are more finicky, they get sunburn, are susceptible to fungal diseases, they are easily drowned out by weed vegetation. When caring for crops it is important to moisten the soil in a timely manner, remove weeds and destroy the crust.
In dry weather, grassy bushes, with its shallow root system, will thankfully respond to watering, but in general, well tolerate the lack of moisture. When grown in one place for several years, from the second year in the spring carnation feed up complex mineral fertilizer for more generous and bright flowering.
At the end of the summer flowering flowering shoots shortenthat makes the bushes neat and attractive. In winter, cloves are spud and covered with light materials such as fallen trees, spruce branches, wicker baskets or mats, this will prevent the blowing of loose soil and prevent snow. With the onset of the first spring thaws, the carnation is opened and, as the weather permits, the ground is flooded.
Diseases and pests
A resistant plant is rarely affected by fungal diseases, but weak seedlings when grown in high-moisture greenhouses can be exposed to Alternaria and rust. In the open ground, pests damage the carnation - young leaves eat up the caterpillars and slugs, the root system is exposed to the attack of nematodes, the spider mite populates the bushes on hot August.
Alternaria characteristic appearance on the leaves and stems of oblong greyish-brown spots with dirty bloom. Small brick-red or orange bumps on the leaves indicate infection of the carnation with a dangerous fungal infection - rust.
Leaves and branches in spots of Alternaria destroy, with a strong defeat they remove the whole plant. Bushes with signs of rust are excavated and burned, plantings and the ground in both cases are treated with fungicides (copper oxychloride, Fundazol, Maxim, Fitosporin-M).
Young shoots clove up caterpillars of cabbage scoops, slugs, woodlice. Caterpillars are harvested by hand, they are processed by infusions of onion, garlic, wormwood or insecticides (Decis, Arrivo, Fitoverm). These same drugs will help with the defeat aphids and thrips.
When contaminated soil nematode and woodlice use the drug Agrozin or systemic insecticides that are watered under the bushes. Slug they are destroyed with the help of Mesurol, in addition, these pests do not tolerate copper-containing preparations, therefore the treatment with copper chlorine against fungi will help to sludge and slug.
Hot summer is a fertile season for development. spider mitewhich envelops the leaves with the thinnest cobweb, sucks the juice and causes wilting and death of the bushes. Carnations are treated with infusions of garlic, sulfur, or Aldicarb is applied to the soil.
Video about growing carnation
Carnation travyanka - amazingly spectacular decorative perennial. Few species are able to compete with this plant in unpretentiousness, resistance to frost and drought, the brightness and duration of flowering, the wealth of lush, flower-covered bushes.
Grass is indispensable for creating colored spots on alpine slides, decorating paths, ponds, landing in the foreground mixborders or lawns. Wherever this charming little maid of honor of a flower garden grows, it invariably attracts glances, evoking genuine admiration.
From the above we can conclude that the carnation is a grass, planting and caring for which do not require much effort, looks simply amazing. After all, these plants can decorate any garden. Of these, you can also make a living miniature fence and alpine slide, as well as a curb and flowerbed.
Also carnation travyanka can be used in folk medicine. Для этого нужно собрать цветы, после этого высушить их (лучше в сухом месте, в тени). Это прекрасное противовоспалительное и болеутоляющее средство.