Spicy and medicinal herbs

Celery leaf growing from seed

In order to grow celery leaf from seeds, you need to know some of the nuances. Before planting the seeds, it is recommended to soak them for several days in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is a growth stimulant for celery seeds. Before sowing seeds in open ground, they are thoroughly dried and mixed with sand, in a ratio of 1 to 8. This is done in order to simplify the process of planting. Shoots do not appear very quickly. You can wait for them for 20 days. The beginning of the landing period is the first decade of April. But it is recommended to look at the temperature. Soil temperature should not fall below 10 degrees Celsius.

Features of leaf varieties

Surely you already know that celery is:

  • root (eaten tubers),
  • cuttings (cuttings are used as food - the ground part, the trunk between the root and the foliage),
  • leafy (leaves are used as food - they go to salads, soups, dry in winter as a seasoning for hot dishes).

Use of celery leaf for food

The most popular varieties in Russia:

Seeds of leaf celery "Athena"

Seeds of leaf celery "Zakhar"

They feel well in the Russian climatic conditions.

IMPORTANT. Also do not ignore any new items that appear in specialized stores. Breeding is carried out continuously, because the demand for celery is very large.

The advantages of leaf celery

Professional agronomists and amateur gardeners unanimously recognize:

  • leaf celery is the most unpretentious compared to the tuberous and petiole varieties,
  • the plant tolerates frost relatively easily,
  • it has a high germination rate when sown directly in the ground (material losses are minimal),
  • if the landing is done correctly, then further care does not cause any particular hassle,
  • in the soil of medium fertility, the yield is quite high (rarely when cuttings grow frail - almost always they are juicy and benign, fit for human consumption).

Leaf celery unpretentious enough

Weak spots

Unfortunately, growing directly from seeds (directly into the ground) requires agrotechnical experience. Therefore:

  • beginners are encouraged to learn how to prepare seedlings
  • this path will help avoid weak growth and development,
  • will provide an opportunity to get acquainted with the plant - its requirements, reactions to light, humidity and temperature.

Seed preparation

What to do with the seeds:

  • collect pure snow and make it melt water,

Cooking melt water

  • bring to room temperature
  • soak the seeds in this water,

IMPORTANT. Alternate clean melt water with a weak solution of potassium permanganate - in this way you will get rid of inhibitors that prevent seed germination.

Germinated Celery Seeds

  • refresh every hour
  • soak to produce within 10-12 hours, maximum 1 day,
  • shift the soaked seeds on a thick gauze substrate, pre-moistened with water,
  • leave for another day so that the seeds finally “wake up”.

Special soil

You need to put the seeds in the soil, specially prepared in advance:

  • ideal composition - a mixture of sand, humus, garden soil and peat,
  • all ingredients take equal parts
  • mix thoroughly until smooth.

Peat ground for growing leaf celery seedlings

IMPORTANT. If you do not want to understand the intricacies, in specialized stores sold land, which is suitable in ready-made form (consult the seller).

Planting seedlings

The optimal time for sowing seeds for seedlings - the beginning or middle of March. At a later date, there is a risk that the seedlings will not gain enough strength before transplanting into open ground.

  • in no case should the seeds be placed to a depth - just lightly press them against the soil (because they germinate only in the light),
  • seeds placed and lightly sprinkled with earth need the greenhouse effect,
  • cover the container with a piece of glass cloth or polyethylene film,

Creating a greenhouse effect for celery

  • inside the "greenhouse" should be a temperature plus 19-24 degrees,

IMPORTANT. If done correctly, shoots will begin to appear in 12-15 days.

  • when shoots appear, the growth temperature should be lowered to plus 15-16 degrees,
  • keep the greenhouse effect a couple more weeks
  • during this time there should be 2-3 leaves,

Sprouted celery seedlings

  • now glass or polyethylene can be removed,
  • At this stage, every plant should dive
  • further, thin out and spread more freely (so that there is a distance of 5 cm between the plants),

Thinned celery seedlings

IMPORTANT. Laborious gardeners are recommended to plant bushes in separate pots (for example - peat, which can be left inside the soil).

  • seedlings in separate tanks receive an additional margin of safety. In the future, they will grow powerful plants with dense juicy leaves,
  • water moderately, without overfilling the ground.

Timing and temperature

General recommendations for full seedlings:

  • time of transplanting in open ground - mid-May,
  • in the cold year, the term moves a little later (catch the moment when the frost is over, the temperature should not fall below 9-10 degrees above zero),

IMPORTANT. The ideal temperature outside from +18 to +21 degrees. If it is cold outside, the plant will go not to fluffy greens, but to an abundance of peduncles.

  • before planting in the ground take out the seedlings to the open air so that they adapt in natural conditions for several days (adaptation period is about 3-4 days).

Adaptation of seedlings before planting in the ground

Ground Requirements

The plantation must be “fresh” (it needs to be renewed with a healthy, fertile soil):

  • do not plant seedlings in the soil where dill, parsley, carrots or parsnips were previously grown,
  • It is advisable to prepare the soil in advance (as early as the previous fall) - dig up from the site, add humus and compost, fertilize with superphosphate at the rate of 25 g per 1 square meter. m).

IMPORTANT. At the bottom of each hole to put a little clay and mullein - this will protect the quick maintenance of irrigation moisture and at the same time give a good nutritional impulse.

Accommodation in celery ground

IMPORTANT. The ideal time for planting is in the morning, on an overcast day. So the plant will escape stress.

Of great importance is the distance:

  • foliage should not be confused,
  • there must be sufficient ventilation between the bushes so that after the rains various parasites (aphids, caterpillars, spiders) do not start in the greenery,
  • optimal distance of plants relative to each other - 10 cm or slightly more,
  • between rows leave 30-40 cm,

The optimal distance between rows of 30-40 cm

  • there is also a theory that the optimal landing pattern is 20x20 cm - experiment,

  • the depth of each hole is such that the root system fits completely and there is still a reserve of about 3 cm,
  • put the seedling root or seedling together with the peat pot to the bottom of the hole (if you used this container at the stage of growing seedlings),
  • top of the hole covered with earth, rammed,
  • good plant protection means - surround it with a vertical winding of paper or foil. Especially if the foliage will grow luxuriantly and densely.

Celery Leaf Protection

IMPORTANT. With the help of the winding you will help the plant to gain strength for vertical growth so that the bushes do not disintegrate on the ground. Subsequently, shortly before cutting the foliage, the winding can be removed.

Care when growing

Under the care should be understood measures aimed at improving the growth and protection of plants from damaging factors - bad weather and pests. What actions need to be made:

  • water carefully. Do not allow drying on the top of the ground to crust,

IMPORTANT. It is better to water a little every day than occasionally in large portions.

  • the frequency of feeding depends on local conditions, depending on the fertility of the land. On average, two times is enough (the first time after 2 weeks from landing in the ground, the second time after another 1 month),
  • Prepare the fertilizer mixture from 15 g of ammonium nitrate, 45 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium salt (all ingredients are given in 10 liters of water),
  • for the entire period of cultivation, you can also fertilize the soil once with chicken or pigeon droppings (note that clean litter must be diluted in a ratio of at least 1 part to 50 parts of water, otherwise the plant will “burn”),

For the entire period of cultivation celery 1 time to fertilize chicken manure

  • Be sure to protect the plants from slugs. For this purpose, special substances are sold in gardening and dacha shops.

IMPORTANT. After any fertilizer, pour the plants with water from a watering can or hose with a divider so that nothing remains on the foliage.

  • when growing without “winding”, systematically remove excess greens (cut with a clean, sharp knife),
  • unlike root varieties, too often it is not necessary to loosen leafy ones (an optimum ratio of density and humidity of the earth is established inside),
  • harvest time - the end of summer (determined visually when the foliage did not begin to grow coarse).

By showing patience, even a novice can grow a rich harvest of leaf celery. This unique plant will protect against atherosclerosis, diabetes, nervous disorders, rheumatism. Strengthen immunity, normalizes blood pressure and metabolic processes in the body. Agrotechnics has difficulties, but they are easy to overcome with experience after 1-2 years of independent cultivation of this crop.

Celery planting - where to start?

  • I begin to carry out one and a half months after the emergence of shoots, leaving a small scape at the root. During the season you can get 2 - 3 green gathering, while
  • Grow leaf celery
  • Hello, dear subscribers and readers of our site!

It is possible to grow root celery in our latitudes only with the help of seedlings, this should be done in February. Before landing you need

, But it only improves the taste quality of the petioles.

Leaf celery can grow at a relatively low temperature, so you can plant it on the seedlings from the beginning of March.

  • Appia, Berger White ball, Brilliant, Delicacy, Esaul, Friga, Gribovets, Monarch, Maxim, President of RZ, as well as varieties from Holland Ilona, ​​Pontor, Mentor, Luna, etc., are found in the stores.
  • , Very fruitful, with a pleasant intense aroma. Both varieties are listed in the State Register (State Register of Breeding Achievements Approved for Use). The Samurai variety is notable for its attractive leaf shape, curled, with a corrugated edge,
  • Watering

We grow leaf celery

An important point in this case is considered a picking. Moreover, the procedure should be carried out two times before the planting of seedlings in open ground, and each time the main root is shortened by about a third. During the second picking, it is better to immediately transplant the plant into a separate, sufficiently spacious container, which will allow the root crops to develop properly, which means the root will be even and smooth.

First you need to decide what type of celery you want to grow on your site. At the moment there are three:

Growing celery leaf

, As well as the root, seedling way. In addition to the noted advantages of the seedling method of growing leaf celery, it is important that you get a higher yield of fragrant greens for the season, as the vegetation period of the plants per crop yield increases significantly.

Grow celery

Grow leaf celery

Wash the seeds with hot water

At the root celery is worth staying in more detail, since the planting of this particular culture is most common in domestic beds.

After you have soaked and buried the seeds in the soil, fill the seedlings with peat and keep the seedlings at a temperature of about 20 degrees.

The healing properties of celery are due to its most valuable amino acids, trace elements, essential oils. Vegetable is rich in vitamins K, C, E, provitamin A, as well as vitamins of group B. Leaves, roots and stems stimulate the appetite and help improve digestion. They have an antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, wound-healing, mild laxative effect, help to improve the overall tone of the body. The benefits of celery are well known for enhancing sexual function, strengthening the nervous system, and treating skin diseases. This product contains the minimum number of calories, so it is widely used in the diet of people who want to lose weight.

Earlier variety Kartuli

- moisture-loving, but does not transfer waterlogging.

How to care for celery

It is better to replant celery in open ground in good warm weather. And it would be better to know that such grace will last for about a week. The landing occurs at a distance of at least 30 cm. from each other.

Sheet - grown to get greens rich in vitamins,

Through seedlings up to 4 cuts. Greens will get much more, if after cutting the plants are well watered and fed.

Celery seeds should be sown on seedlings in mid-March in a light soil mixture composed of leafy soil, humus (or well-rotten compost), lowland peat, and not more sand. To speed up the germination of celery seeds, they should first be treated with growth stimulants, and then soaked in water for three days. I try to evenly distribute small seeds of celery in a sowing box in rows, sprinkling them with peat, I do this in order to do without growing a seedling when growing seedlings (this is not root celery, which has a very long growing season and requires powerful seedlings). With this method of planting it will be enough to only thin out the young shoots, providing each seedling with a sufficient area of ​​food.

With success it is possible practically in all regions of Russia and the technology of its cultivation is possible even for beginning gardeners. And there are plenty of arguments in favor of cultivating this spicy - leaf crop at the summer cottage. The use of celery in various dishes not only improves their taste, the most important thing is that it contains many useful substances for the body. Its regular use contributes to the strengthening of blood vessels. It is especially useful for gastritis and gout, bladder disease, unstressed prostatitis. Celery prevents the formation of stones in the kidneys and bladder, has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic properties, as well as a laxative effect, it is often recommended to include in the diet for obesity.

  • , Tie a gauze and soak for several days. Then dry on paper and only then you can sow.
  • Root celery is grown with the help of seedlings, planting is carried out back in February. To the plant gave good shoots
  • Watering seedlings after planting should be evenly

Celery prefers a humus-rich soil with plenty of moisture. Any culture can be its predecessor. In the autumn under the plot, intended for celery, make humus. Before planting, they dig up the earth to a depth of 25-30 cm, loosen the garden bed.

Celery: useful properties, planting, growing and care

, High taste, has high resistance to drought and low temperatures.Predecessors
All the questions have already been solved: when to sow celery, how to properly handle the seeds, and the plant itself has already been planted on the garden bed. Now you need to decide how to properly care for the crop, so that it pleased with a good harvest. In general, the care is about the same for all three types of celery. But let us dwell on this issue in more detail.Petiolate - for juicy petioles:
Cut leaves, placed in a plastic bag, can be stored for up to a week in the refrigerator, without losing their qualities. Celery can also be prepared for the winter, tied up in small bunches and dried well in the shade or in a special electric dryer.After sowing, before germination, the sowing box, covered with plastic wrap, should be placed in a place with a temperature of 20 - 24 degrees (not far from the radiators). If you sowed the seeds with the recommended preparation, then the seedlings should appear in 6 to 8 days. From this point on, the young shoots need to be removed and arranged for 8–10 days in the brightest place with a temperature of 13–16 degrees - this is necessary so that the young shoots do not stretch, but first the development of the root system begins.
Regular use of celery normalizes the activity of the entire cardiovascular system and relieves insomnia. Celery is especially useful for people in old age, as it improves the water - salt balance of the body and normalizes metabolism. Celery increases overall body tone, mental and physical abilities.Sowing seedlings is as follows:
Need to stratify the seedsUsing a spray bottle.
Late varieties are grown in a seedling way, early ripening is immediately sown on the beds. Посадку сельдерея непосредственно в грунт производят в возможно ранние сроки. Семена предварительно замачивают на 24 ч в теплой воде, что значительно ускоряет прорастание, затем высаживают на глубину 0,5-1 см в предварительно подготовленные лунки.Shoots thinned out, between the plants leave a distance of 8-10 cm.There are also varieties on sale
- any vegetable crops.So, it is common for all three types that celery does not like when even a light crust is formed on the surface of the earth, so loosening the soil when growing a plant plays a significant role. In addition, the culture does not like thickening, so experienced gardeners advise not only planting seedlings at a sufficient distance from each other, but also regularly weed the bed from growing weeds. Do not forget about watering - the soil where celery grows should be moderately wet, so watering the beds with a planted crop should be carried out as the land dries.

Root - for receiving root crops.

It grows very slowly, sown at the end of January, while thin stalks. But when it grows self-sowing, and in the most unexpected places (sometimes between the tiles of the walkway) it is so good for seeing. Now I think I can sow it before winter?

The main components of a successful

Varieties and popular modern varieties

Before proceeding to

  • Prepare boxes of loose, friable soil mixed with sand and humusWhich includes such activities:
  • When the plant has the first shoots, the temperature does not need to be lowered significantly, so that the seedlings are more stable. And when these sheets appear,Celery root is grown through seedlings. Seeds are sown in February-March. In order for the seedlings to be stronger and more friendly, the seeds are stratified: placed in wet gauze, kept at room temperature for 5-6 days, then placed for 10-12 days in a refrigerator, then planted in the soil, to a depth of about 0.5 see a week later shoots appear. If there are 1-2 true sheets of seedlings dive. This should be done carefully, trying not to damage the central taproot, because then instead of the almost round, widened root, in the lower part, numerous thickened roots form, which spoil its presentation. Seedlings can be grown without picking, but then it will be weaker and it will be worse when transplanted. Young plants are planted in the ground in mid-May at the age of 60-70 days. The distance when planting is 30x20 cm. Celery seedlings are planted at the same depth at which it grew in the greenhouse, the apical buds do not fall asleep.
  • AthenaLanding

In addition, you must regularly feed the plants, making appropriate fertilizer approximately 2 times a month.

When deciding how to plant celery, you need to know that, of course, not so much depends on the species, but there are still certain nuances.

The following varieties are recommended for growing leaf celery:

  1. I think he needs half a year from germination to harvestGrowing celery leaf seedlings
  2. Growing celery leafFor two days before sowing, moisten the soil with boiling water mixed with potassium permanganate,

Spread selected seeds along wet gauze,You need to pinch the root and pickFurther care is weeding, loosening, watering and dressing. Plants are fed twice, in May-early June and in July. Fertilizing is carried out with mineral or organic fertilizers.​,​- seeds or seedlingsWhen cultivating celery, due attention must be paid to soil mulching. This will prevent the land from drying too quickly, and the mulch will prevent the formation of a crust on the ground.Once you have decided on the type, you must pay due attention to the selection of seeds, which are on the market today. It would seem that the whole difference lies only in appearance and in some agricultural techniques. In fact, celery of different varieties is distinguished by its taste, application, properties. Therefore, everything is individual and you will probably have to try several options in order to choose the most suitable variety for yourself.Just in the winter he does not have enough light, and can heat.Is: regular moderate watering, ensuring sufficient seedling illumination, maintaining the soil in a loose state, airing in sunny warm weather. When two true leaves form on the seedlings, thin the crops.

, It will be interesting to get acquainted with the plant itself. I’m not tired of repeating that the basic knowledge of vegetable crops allows competently to apply various technologies of their cultivation, to make their own adjustments, in accordance with the local climate and peculiarities of cultivation of crops in a particular area. So, let's try to figure out what kind of "vegetable" it is and what kind of it is?

Right before sowing, pour the soil well and make furrows centimeter deep,

  • Keep them indoors for 5-6 days,So that the plant root system develops better.
  • When growing celery of various types, care of plants has a number of features. In addition to the above-mentioned agrotechnical measures, a high hilling of plants is carried out for the stalked celery a couple of weeks before harvest. This contributes to the bleaching of the petioles, as a result of which the number of sharply smelling essential oils decreases and the bitterness disappears.Gentle

Biennial vegetable plant, widely distributed in culture.

As for the individual characteristics, here it is worth considering the following:

Agricultural cultivation of celery

Leaf celery ---- if sown on seedlings in February - early March, planted in the exhaust gases at the end of April and early May, then the first selective cutting of individual leaves can be done from mid-June, and after increasing. If you sow seeds in the exhaust gas at the end of April - early May, then --from the end of July.

To determine the celery in a permanent place on the garden can be already from the end of April. Planting plantation of seedlings: 25 cm between rows and 18-20 cm between plants.

The distance between the seeds should be approximately 5 cm,

Keep in the fridge for another 10 days,

Watch carefully for light and temperature, remember that the plant needs to be hardened. Planting in the soil is carried out around the end of April.

As for the root celery, care for it also includes a number of specific techniques. For high-quality root in the middle of summer, the upper part of it is released from the ground and cut off the side roots. As a result, in autumn the plant will form a large rounded root vegetable. In addition, when growing it is necessary to consider the following property of celery of this variety: enhanced root growth begins after the leaves fall to the ground. Therefore, for good development of the root crop, the leaves are artificially pressed to the ground with their hands or a light roller. The stalks crackle, which, however, does not harm the process of root crop growth.

Photo gallery (click to enlarge):

Celery: sowing for seedlings, cultivation and care agrotechnology

In the first year of cultivation forms a rosette of glossy dark green leaves on long, sometimes fleshy cuttings, and, depending on the variety, a root or root crop. In the second year, the leaves grow back early in the spring, immediately after the soil thaws. Next, a straight stem with a height of 30-100 mm, hollow inside, and an umbrella inflorescence is formed. Celery blooms in mid-July with small white flowers. In August, the seeds ripen, after which the plant dies.

Leaf celery does not like deep planting, preferring to grow on the surface

Root: Diamond, Maxim, Apple.

  1. Should be planted in late February, early March. sprout for a long time then dive straight into the ground all summer. Cut off the leaves, leaving only the middle (5 leaves) so that the root is large. dig up the roots in October
  2. Celery cold-resistant plant
  3. Celery

How to grow leaf celery

Celery is a cold-resistant crop, sprouts are not afraid of spring frosts, and in the fall, adult specimens withstand temperatures as low as -7 ° C.Celery celery is planted in grooves up to 10 cm deep. In addition, this type requires more frequent earthing up, which helps the petiole to form.Sheet: Vigor, Spartan, Kartuli.

I understood that the answers about the root (it is sown in January and February). Chereshkovy in early March. . And the SHEET (what is the question about) is still the same in the middle of March .. The rules for growing celery are as follows.. At a young age, a well-rooted plant is not afraid of frosts up to - 5 degrees, and a well-developed celery bush can withstand minus temperatures up to 8 degrees. The best forTo the Celery or Umbrella family. There are about 20 species of natural celery.

Moisten the earth with an atomizer, cover the boxes themselves with glass or film,

Seedlings should begin when the plant appears at least two true leaves. When diving you need to be extremely careful so that the root does not get damaged, otherwise a plant unfit for human consumption will grow instead of a root crop. It is possible, if desired, to skip the picking procedure, but then the seedlings will not be so hardy in relation to different influences.It must be turned over to the garden bed without breaking the root ballAfter harvesting, leaf and root celery can be used for forcing greens in winter, for which plants are dug before the onset of frost with a clod of earth and instilled in a greenhouse or planted in pots.

​,​There are three varieties of celery fragrant, cultivated as vegetable plants:Root does not need hilling. Even from the top of the plant, the plants are otgrebayut, so that lateral roots do not appear.

Celery Celery: Cultivation and Care

Chereshkovy: Atlant, Malachite, Jung.Leaf celery should definitely be grown through seedlings. Seeds germinate for quite a long time, up to 3 weeks. A few days before sowing, the seeds are soaked at room temperature between wet rags before germination, then they are lightly dried and mixed with sand for sowing (1, 10).Growing celery leaf

Until the seedlings emerge, the temperature should be about 25 degrees, and after a few days after emergence it is lowered to 16,After a couple of monthsThen pour water abundantly.

Celery Root: Agro-Technology of Seedling Growing and Care

Increasingly, gardeners prefer to plant umbrella crops in their country beds, celery in particular. It is known that celery has a pleasant taste, it can be used for cooking soups, salads and other dishes.

CheerfulnessLeaf celeryIn general, if you make a little effort and provide proper care for the plant during the summer, the result will exceed all expectations and you will get a good harvest.

  • Before asking how to plant celery leaf, it is necessary to say that the seeds of this plant germinate rather slowly, and it itself does not show development in the initial period. Therefore, seedlings in this case the best way. However, not wanting to engage in the preliminary germination of seeds, you can sow them immediately in the garden, but this should be done in early spring. It is also worth saying that this culture is rather cold-resistant: both seedlings and seeds can tolerate slight frosts.
  • Sowing leaf celery seedlings better in mid-March. In the box, the seeds are sown in rows with a distance of at least 6 cm between them, sprinkled with a layer of humus not thicker than 0.5 cm above.
  • It is considered the temperature in the range from 15 to 20 degrees.
  • - The most famous of them is the vegetable crop.

Do not forget to thin out dense shoots.

When the greens get stronger and take root, it can be transplanted into the soil itselfCarefully make sure that the growing point is located above the soil, and the seedlings are located at least a quarter of a meter apart.Celery is not only useful, but also able to enhance the taste of your dishes, as it contains aromatic oils. It can also be used for drying and canning. That is why celery sowing is becoming increasingly popular.

Celery Seed Rules

, Forms a large number of small tender leaves on short petioles, with a high content of essential oils,

  • Botanical name
  • Before sowing the seeds, they must be pre-processed. Here, each gardener has his own method, but the most popular is to soak them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, literally for several hours. After that, germination of seeds is carried out on a damp cloth, and already only then they are sown for growing seedlings in boxes with previously prepared soil. For the soil is prepared a mixture consisting of humus, sand, peat and leaf earth. They try to take the same parts, but it's okay if some component will be somewhat larger. All actions take place around the beginning of March.
  • The shoots of leaf celery must be thinned, so that the distance between the neighboring ones is at least 5 cm. 10 - 15 days before planting the seedlings in the ground it needs to be fed with a solution of nitrophoska (20 grams per bucket of water). Seedlings are planted in the ground when it will have 4-5 leaves. The best time for this is May.
  • Celery - moisture-loving plant

Celery is grown to get fragrant greens or root vegetables in one year, but this plant is biennial since it blooms and forms seeds only in the second year.

How to plant root celery seedlings

Since the seedlings are not yet provided with the proper amount of natural light in late winter, it should be artificially illuminated by a lamp.Without deepening the growth point.The soil must be periodically loosened.

Celery is divided into the following types:

  • Celery celery in culture is less common. Only one grade, Tango, has been entered into the State Register. It is a mid-season variety, high-yielding, with good taste, and has long been marketable. There are a number of earlier varieties, for example, Golden, Malachite, Pascal, and later - Triumph, for open and protected ground. Sometimes you can find varieties of the Dutch selection Avalon, Loret Bolivar, Greenlet, Duclet, and others.
  • Celery stalk
  • - odorous celery (Apium graveolens L), a valuable spice-flavored vegetable plant, belonging to the umbrella family, a genus of celery.
  • After the first shoots appeared, the seedlings, so that it does not stretch out, you need to create appropriate conditions - to provide an ambient temperature of 14-15 degrees Celsius and observe the light mode.
  • The soil for planting leaf celery is prepared in the fall. From the autumn they dig up ridges, introduce organic fertilizers (a bucket per square meter). Leaf celery does not tolerate acidic soils, so before planting such soil should be lime. In the spring, when digging up to 20 g of urea, 40 g of superphosphate and 15 g of potassium chloride per 1m² are introduced.
  • Which needs regular watering. Also, celery needs watering after each cut of greens, and to ensure good air access to the root system, after each watering it is necessary to loosen the soil.
  • The leaves of this spicy weed are pinnately dissected, the inflorescences are umbrellas in which small flowers are collected.
  • When the celery will have the first leaves of the seedlings, dive seedlings. In large pots, the roots will be not so damaged and the fruits will be as smooth as possible.

Young seedlings of root celery need moderate moisture and occasional fertilizer. If you want the root crop to be rounded, then remove the top layer of soil around it and the small roots on the sides. Also shortly before harvesting, you can lower the leaves to the ground so that the root crop will be larger and grow faster. Harvesting takes place in the month of October.

, Remove weeds and water celery plentifully, the crop will appear around July or August.

How to plant celery in the garden and care for them

Leaf - a plant with a lush and fragrant green, containing a high concentration of essential oil,

All varieties of root celery have a significantly later ripening period than that of its other varieties, from 150 to 180 days, and are grown through seedlings. Despite the popularity of this vegetable, there are not so many varieties on sale. The State Register includes:

, Characterized by the presence of large leaves on high fleshy petioles, which are eaten,

OriginAs soon as the plant has two true leaves, they pick it up — pinching the main root, which has a positive effect on the formation of the root system. Planting seedlings or sowing seeds into the ground is carried out in mid-April - early May, using a 25x25 scheme.Leaf celery is planted not thickly. The distance between the rows is 40 cm, between the plants in the row 10 - 15 cm. When planting it is impossible to fill the apical bud with earth.

svetlana faynleyb

. First three weeks after emergence, using diluted organic fertilizers: Biode (1:20), or bird droppings (1:20), or mullein (1:10). Если нет в наличие перечисленных выше удобрений. Можно полить всходы сброженной травой. Вторую подкормку проводят через три недели после первой, используя комплексное минеральное удобрение. Подкормки дают после полива, затем почву рыхлят.​

оксана киско

​Чтобы сельдерейные черешки были не горькими и выбеленными, за несколько недель до сбора урожая их нужно окучить. Но обратите внимание, что​

Dip them in warm water for a day before sowing.

Interesting is the middle-early Cascade variety, fruitful, resistant to chalcosporosis. Root vegetables of this variety are not discolored during culinary processing.

Mid-season varieties breeding VNIISOK Zakhar and Samurai

- rich in humus, loamy, sandy, neutral peat.

Before the appearance of the first shoots, the box with the sown seeds should be in a room with a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius. When the first shoots appear, it is necessary to place the seedlings in a cooler place, where the air temperature was about 16 degrees. Also, in order for the seedlings not to stretch out much and not to start sideways, it should be provided with additional highlighting.

Sowed in February Greens will be in July

Celery leaf seeds can be sown immediately on the garden as soon as the soil at the site warms up a bit and allows you to start working with the soil. Depending on the region, the usual sowing dates are mid-April-early May. But as mentioned in the previous section, celery seeds germinate very slowly, and getting uniform, friendly shoots with direct sowing in the ground can be problematic. Therefore, experienced gardeners prefer

, Having pleased yourself with your favorite recipe, or to harvest long-term storage for conservation or drying.

Galina Isaev

Root celery varieties are currently not very many, so when choosing a variety, be guided by your wishes, when you want to get a harvest, and for what purpose you plant this crop.

The concentration of the essential oil in the stem will be reduced

, Then land the seedlings one centimeter into the soil.

Features celery leaf

You may already know that besides the celery leaf, there is also stalked and root. Therefore it is necessary to distinguish very similar plants. Let's talk about the features of celery leaf. The leaves of this plant are used as decoration for salads. Juicy and fragrant twigs not only complement the dish, but also benefit. In addition to salads, celery is added to soups, broths and pickles. This is a versatile seasoning that is suitable for both frying and roasting. Often, celery leaves are added to various marinades, and you can always find dry crushed leaves in complex seasonings.

Air humidity, lighting and temperature for celery

When planting celery, you need to consider some factors that directly affect the growth rate and taste of the leaves.. Let's start with the temperature. Celery needs warm weather (between 18 ° C and 20 ° C) for rapid growth. At a lower temperature, growth is slowed down, and the plant does not have time to increase the amount of green mass.

The leaves of the plant are eaten, which means that the quality of products directly depends on the amount of sunlight and heat. Therefore, to plant celery in the shade or partial shade is impossible. Also, the plant likes high humidity. Therefore, if in the spring or summer time the air is very dry, you need to additionally irrigate the landing with a spray gun. Do not forget that windy places are unsuitable for planting celery. Besides the fact that the wind blows moisture out of the ground and cools the roots, it can break a fragile plant, after which the celery dries.

What soil likes leaf celery

Now let's talk about what kind of soil like celery leaf. Many gardeners know that the yield of products may directly depend on their predecessors. In the case of celery, any vegetable crops can be precursors. At the same time, the plant loves a crumbly soil rich in humus. The soil should be sandy with a neutral reaction and the presence of peat. In order to achieve the required soil fertility, it is necessary to embed humus in the soil in autumn, which will help the plant to accumulate green mass.

How to choose and prepare planting material

Let's start with the selection of seeds for planting in the country. There are many varieties of leaf celery, but the most popular are the following: "Kartuli", "Cheerfulness", "Gentle" and "Zakhar". After you have purchased the seeds, they need to be prepared. To begin, process the seed with potassium permanganate and put it in wet gauze for several days. Ready for planting seeds should germinate. Up to this point, landing is impossible.

Preparing the soil for planting

Preparation of the site for planting celery begins with autumn digging. This is done in order to destroy weeds and overwhelming pests.

In the spring on light soils they loosen the soil by hand or with the help of technology. In addition to pretreatment of the soil, it is important to saturate the soil with nutrients. To this end, phosphorus-potassium and nitrogen fertilizers are introduced in the fall. However, it is worth remembering that if the plot is submerged in the spring, then fertilization will be reduced to no in autumn. In addition to the autumn feeding, fertilizers are also ground in the spring. Up to 5 kg of humus or compost is applied to each square meter. If in the fall mineral fertilizers have been applied, then in the spring their amount decreases to 10–15 g of phosphate and 5–10 g of nitrogen and potash fertilizers (in the autumn it is introduced twice as much as in spring). When using complex mineral fertilizers, their dosage is 40 g per 1 sq. Km. m

When and how to plant leaf celery

If you are determined to plant celery leaf in your garden, but do not know how and how to plant the plant (seeds for seedlings or buy ready-made seedlings), then pay attention to the pros and cons of each method. When planting celery seeds for seedlings, you save money, as ready-made seedlings are more expensive. At the same time you will surely be confident in the quality of young plants. However, sowing seeds and caring for them takes a sufficient amount of time, in addition, there is always a chance that the seeds will not sprout and time will be wasted.

If you decide to plant leaf celery from seeds, then after preliminary preparation, you need to mix planting material with sand (it is easier to orient when sowing, since the seeds themselves are very small and merge with the soil color). Seeds are sown in a special mixture, which includes leaf soil, sand, peat and humus in equal proportions. This mix should be laid in boxes in which celery will be grown for the first time.

Sowing seeds in March. In the prepared boxes with soil they make several rows, the distance between them should be at least 6-7 cm. The seed does not need to be deeply buried so that young plants have enough strength to break through. After sowing, peat or humus in crushed form is poured into the furrows over the seeds and filled with soil. If you did everything correctly, then the first shoots can be expected in 8-12 days. During this time it is necessary to maintain the temperature at 18-20 ˚С.

After the seeds have risen, the temperature in the room is reduced to 14-15 ˚C. Also, do not forget that young plants need sunlight, and not artificial. In addition, celery needs to be watered on time (using a spray bottle or a sieve). When 2-3 true (and not cotyledon) leaves appear on the seedlings, the plants are transferred to individual pots or boxes. It is necessary to slightly trim the root to get a strong, branched root system. Many are interested in planting leafy celery seedlings in the ground. In the open soil plants can be planted in early May. During the landing, stick to the scheme 25 x 25, so that the celery is not crowded and the bushes do not overwhelm each other. If you have already purchased seedlings, then make sure that there are no parasites (or apply light fungicides) and plant them immediately in open ground in accordance with the planting pattern.

Watering celery

Celery is demanding of soil moisture and does not tolerate drought. Since the roots of the plant are not very long, they collect only the moisture that is located near the surface of the soil. When watering, you need to moisten the soil so that no puddles form on its surface. First, they block the access of oxygen to the roots, secondly, they wash out the soil, exposing the root system, and thirdly, they can lead to decay. It is necessary to water celery only in calm weather in the morning or in the evening. Watering at noon or in strong sunshine is strictly prohibited. For irrigation it is best to use a spray, drip irrigation or special sprinklers. Standard watering a hose at the root is not suitable.

The nuances of feeding celery leaf

Now turn to what you can feed the celery seedlings in the process of its growth. Before planting seedlings in the ground, it should be fed. Therefore, two weeks before diving into the open ground, each plant is watered with a solution with mineral fertilizers (10-15 g of ammonium nitrate and 5-10 g of superphosphate are taken for 5 l of water). When watering this solution, make sure that the liquid does not fall on the leaves, otherwise there will be a burn. After transferring the seedlings to open ground, it is worthwhile to wait 15 days and make complex fertilizers, which include sodium, phosphorus and potassium. Thus, the plant will always receive the full range of essential mineral components for growth and development.

Weeding and soil care

Weeding between rows must be carried out for two reasons: to get rid of weeds and open access of oxygen to the roots of the plant. It should be understood that celery is quite fragile and does not have a large and strong root system to compete with weeds. Therefore, if you do not remove weeds from the plot, they will quickly drown the culture and it will wither. Many gardeners use mulch to control weeds. In the case of celery, this system also works. Zamulchirovav soil sawdust, leaves or agrofibre, you get rid of weeds and reduce the amount of watering. Also take care that the area does not rot the remnants of vegetation and there is no stagnation of water.

Leaf celery: harvesting and storage

Now let's talk about how and when to remove the leaf celery. Leaf celery is harvested in several steps. The first stage begins 2 months after picking up seedlings in open ground. Cut the leaves that have reached a length of 30-40 cm. Between cuts, you need to take a break of 2-3 days. This method allows you to save the maximum amount of nutrients in the leaves. At the same time cutting height directly affects the quality of products in the future. Therefore, the leaves are cut at a height of 5-7 cm from the ground. This height does not damage the central underdeveloped leaves and makes the plant more resistant to rot in the winter.

After cutting, there are several ways to store celery:

  • in the refrigerator (without freezing),
  • drying,
  • frost
  • salting

Each method is suitable for different uses. If you know that some of the greenery you need in the next 10 days, then you can put it in the fridge, wrapped in aluminum foil. If celery is wrapped in food film, it will begin to deteriorate on the fourth day. Drying celery makes it possible to reduce the volume of the plant and keep it outside the refrigerator. To dry the leaves, you need after the collection to lay them under a canopy so that they are blown, but not exposed to direct sunlight.

Laying celery need only one layer and from time to time turn the leaves on the other side. Product readiness is determined by crumbling leaves and changing their color. If the product is not very much, then it can be dried at home. For this paper is spread, celery is laid out on it and another layer of paper sheets is placed on top. Drying indoors takes about a month. If celery will be used to decorate the table, it can be frozen. It is important to understand that after freezing the plant will lose some vitamins and minerals. For freezing choose not yellowed twigs. Crushed to the desired size, pour water and freeze. An interesting way to store celery is salting. To do this, 500 g of leaves take 100 g of salt and salted in jars. After this salting should be given to brew for two weeks and can be eaten. Containers can not be placed in the refrigerator, as the salt will not allow the leaves to rot or mold.

In your garden you can grow a lot of tasty and healthy vegetables, fruits and seasonings. Now you can add celery to this list. This greens will not only help decorate the table or cook a delicious borscht, but will also be useful when marinating meat or fish, canning products.

What is celery vegetable?

Celery is actually quite actively used in cooking, but many of our compatriots still have a very vague idea about it, so it makes sense to give a general description of this plant.

Celery is the most famous representative of the botanical genus Celery, which in turn belongs to the family of umbellate or celery plants (this family also includes coriander, anise, cumin, carrot, parsley, dill, fennel, parsnip, etc.) Celery itself exists about two dozens of species, of which only celery odorous is among the vegetable crops.

In terms of life cycle, this is a biennial plant. In the first year of life, it germinates from the seeds and forms the rhizome and stems, and in the second year the stage of flowering and seed formation begins. But as a vegetable, celery is grown for only one year, since in the consumer market the main demand is for roots and leaves, and the seeds are used very limitedly.

Outwardly, this plant is a low grass with leaves of pinnately dissected form (like parsley). As with other plants of the umbrella family, the celery inflorescences are formed into a kind of "umbrellas", consisting of many small flowers.

Celery root has a rod shape, although a characteristic thickening is formed on it - the root vegetable. Since this species is cultivated as a vegetable, there are different varieties that differ among themselves, including the shape of rhizomes.

Despite the fact that celery propagates by seeds and is a herbaceous plant, it is better to grow it using the seedling method, since the seeds germinate for quite a long time. Also a feature of this culture is the correlation between the germination of seeds and their age. In other words, seeds that have been stored for three to four years will grow better than those collected in the previous season.

Celery Use

It is necessary to briefly describe where and how celery is used. In modern culinary, absolutely all parts of a plant are in demand - from root to seed. Moreover, the leaves and stems are mostly fresh (or frozen), and the root and seeds can also be dried.

The green part and root vegetables are used as seasoning in the first and second dishes, salads, various sauces and even in drinks. Celery seeds are used much less frequently. Dried and thoroughly ground, powdered roots often play the role of seasoning in a variety of dishes.

Celery has found its use in medicine. For example, its root crop has diuretic properties and a tonic effect, therefore it is actively used in diseases of the kidneys and bladder. Thanks to its taste, celery stalks can perfectly replace salt, which again is important for problems with kidneys, gall bladder and some other diseases.

Subspecies and varieties of celery

The demand for celery as a vegetable crop created the preconditions for the breeding of three subspecies of this plant: pedicel, leaf and root.

In stalked celery, the main value is the juicy stalk, which is cut only once - usually at the end of summer or in autumn.

Leaf celery, as you might guess, is grown for its fragrant leaves. Harvesting in this case is possible throughout the growing season: leaves are cut from the moment they appear in spring and until mid-autumn.

Finally, root celery is valued for its large root crop, which at the time of its maturation can reach a mass of 400 to 800 g. Harvesting of the root celery also takes place in the fall.

Numerous varieties of this culture have differences in both appearance and taste, and therefore are often used for different purposes. Also, varieties differ between ripening terms and dates, when celery is harvested - early, middle and late. And this is not to mention the fact that for each agro-climatic zone there are different varieties.

How celery is grown

All three celery subspecies are grown roughly the same, with small individual characteristics. Both leaf and stalked celery and root celery have common requirements for bed conditions: they need a well-lit, fertile area of ​​loose soil with a neutral or weak level of acidity. A slight shade of the plot is also allowed, which then makes the leaves even more fragrant.

Features of growing celery leaf

This subspecies tolerates small chills quite well. Рассада способна пережить весенние заморозки, а однолетнее взрослое растение вполне способно даже перезимовать в открытом грунте.

Поскольку прорастание семян и формирование побегов у листового сельдерея занимает достаточно много времени, эту культуру нужно выращивать рассадным методом. However, in the southern regions, where spring comes early, the seeds can be planted directly in open ground, barely thawed and warmed to acceptable values.

Before planting, seeds should preferably be treated with weak potassium permanganate or another solution for disinfection. Next, they need to germinate in a humid environment (cloth or paper), and only then sow in a prepared container with soil (the most convenient way is to use plastic cups). It is optimal for soil mixture to use in equal proportions peat, ground from the bed, humus and sand.

Sowing celery seeds at home is done in boxes in the first decade of March, after which the seedlings germinate at room temperature (18–20 ° C). To maintain optimum moisture, seedlings should be watered periodically using a fine sieve. If the technology has been observed, the first shoots should appear in 5-6 days, after which the ambient temperature should be reduced to 14-15 ° C. This is very important because at a higher temperature, the seedlings will stretch too much instead of being strengthened.

Next, you need to perform a pick with pinching the root. Plants are transplanted after the shoots have formed two full leaf. Thanks to the picking, celery can form a more powerful root system.

Celery (or rather its seedlings) are planted in open ground after the real heat is established, that is, depending on the region, in the second half of April or early May. Planting seedlings performed at a distance of about 25 cm from each other. It should be remembered that celery does not tolerate a deep landing, that is, the point of growth must necessarily be above the ground.

Subsequent care for the leaf celery is not particularly difficult. As necessary, you need to produce standard garden procedures - spud, loosen the aisles, weed out and water the beds with a long absence of rain. It is very important to ensure that no crust forms on the surface of the beds, which prevents normal gas exchange between the soil and the atmosphere.

Many gardeners say that soil mulching helps a lot in growing celery, reducing labor costs by at least twice. Once laid mulch removes the need for loosening and weeding, allows less frequent irrigation and prevents the formation of a crust on the ground.

As mentioned earlier, celery leaflets can be torn off right after planting and throughout the season, but it is better to postpone this procedure until July - August. Then the harvest will be the maximum.

Features of cultivation of root celery

If the leaf subspecies can still be sown directly in open ground, when the spring is early and warm, then the root celery is grown exclusively through the seedling stage. It is all due to a very long growing season for this subspecies, which ranges from 150 to 190 days (that is, approximately 5-6 months).

Seeds are germinated and sown in pots (boxes) much earlier than in the case of the leaf subspecies - in the first half of February. The conditions for sprouting seedlings are generally the same, but the picking is done twice, and each time the main root should be shortened by a third in order to subsequently obtain a large massive root vegetable.

Planting in the open ground and the subsequent care of the root celery are performed in the same way as in the case of leaf celery. The only significant difference in the cultivation and care of celery root type is hilling, or rather its full contraindication. This procedure stimulates the emergence of a large number of lateral roots, because of which the main root crop turns ugly and not large enough. In view of this, it is recommended to even rake off the ground from the top of the rhizome, in order to prevent the appearance of additional processes.

Ripe roots are harvested in the middle of autumn. At the same time, two or three weeks before the planned harvesting from the plant, it is necessary to pick off all the lower side branches with leaves and partially remove the ground around the top of the rhizome. This will speed up the final ripening of the fetus.

By the way, leaves can also be cut from the celery root, but this can be done only at the end of the growing season, that is, not earlier than the second half of August. This is due to the fact that until mid-August, the plant is very necessary for the formation of a normal root. If you start to pick leaves earlier, how to grow celery (or rather its rhizome) can not.

Features of the cultivation of stalked celery

Agrotechnical methods for the cultivation of stalked celery are also quite similar to the technology of cultivation of leaf celery. The only significant difference is the need for more intensive hilling, which is why the ready seedlings, when planted in open ground, are placed at a depth of 10 cm in the previously made grooves. The earth is poured down to the apical bud, which is not necessary to fall asleep. After the intensive growth begins and the petioles are thickened, the plants need to be folded up without fail, and if necessary repeat this procedure.

Intensive hilling is necessary so that cultivation of celery in the open field eventually leads to the appearance of delicate bleached petioles, which are devoid of unpleasant bitter aftertaste. To make the stalks even more gentle, a couple of weeks before harvesting, stalks need to be tied together and wrapped in paper. Directly harvesting plan shortly before the start of the frost season.

Fighting celery diseases and pests

The main enemies of celery are bacterial leaf spot, heart rot, stem stem rot, black stem, viral mosaic of leaves and white stem rot. Also, this plant is threatened by slugs and snails, carrot fly larvae and scoops.

The main means of combating bacterial and fungal diseases of celery is a clear adherence to the cultivation technology. In particular, one must remember about the need to observe crop rotation, weed control and thinning of crops. Also in recent years, the method of mixed planting is gaining popularity, when different vegetables and herbs planted side by side on the same bed mutually protect each other from pests and diseases.

Finally, in order for the cultivation of root celery to produce results, one should not abuse watering or use stagnant water for these purposes. Excess moisture in the soil or stagnant water can easily become a source of propagation of plant rot.

Factors to consider when planting

Before you start growing celery, you need to choose a suitable place for planting it, because ultimately the utility and quantity of the finished product will ultimately depend on it.

Temperature

Some factors directly affect the taste of the leaves and the growth rate of celery, so they must be considered. One of such factors is temperature, the optimal variant of which is 18–20 degrees. Plant growth is inhibited, and it does not have time to increase the required amount of green mass, if the temperature is below the optimum.

On a note! Leaf celery is quite resistant to frost..

Lighting

Sunlight and heat strongly affect the quality of products, since it is the leaves of the plant that are used for food. Therefore, the landing of celery in the shade or shaded place is not strongly recommended.

Air humidity

Among other things, celery prefers high humidity. And, if in the summer or spring air is very dry, then it is necessary to carry out additional watering with a spray gun.

It is necessary to take into account the fact that windy places are unsuitable for planting celery. The wind not only dries the soil, but also breaks the fragile plant, causing the celery to dry out.

It is interesting! In ancient Greece, on the basis of this plant (the sap of the plant was used) a love drink was prepared for women and men. Celery was then called the "moon plant."

The soil

Many gardeners are well aware that predecessors who grew up to plant a certain crop predetermine its yield. For celery, a good predecessor are any vegetable crops. In addition, the plant prefers loose and humus-rich soil. Sandy soil with the presence of peat and neutral reaction will be the best option for celery. The necessary fertility can be achieved with the help of humus, which should be introduced into the soil in autumn. This will further help the plant to gain green mass and accelerate growth.

Selection of planting material

There are a lot of varieties of leaf celery, but among them are the following:

After purchasing the seeds, they need to be prepared accordingly. To do this, seed should be treated with potassium permanganate and put in gauze (wet) for several days. Planting can begin only after seed germination.

We prepare the soil

Preparation of the soil for planting celery should begin with autumn digging to destroy pests and weeds.

On a note! Instead of digging in the autumn, spring loosening is carried out if heavy loamy soils on the site prevail.

On light soils, the soil is loosened in the spring with the help of technology or manually. In addition, the soil needs to be sated with nutrients, using at the same time nitrogen and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers which are brought since fall. But it should be remembered that all efforts during fertilization from autumn will be nullified if your site is flooded in spring.

In addition to the autumn feeding, and spring is done. To do this, on 1 square. m. contribute:

  • Compost or humus - 5 kg
  • Phosphate fertilizers - 15 g
  • Nitrogen fertilizers - 10 g
  • Potash fertilizers - 10g
  • Complex mineral fertilizers - 40 g

The autumn dosage of fertilizers exceeds the spring one almost twice.

When and how to land

If you intend to plant leaf celery on your plot, but do not know how and how to plant it (seeds or seedlings), then you should be familiar with the pros and cons of each method.

With this method of planting celery, you can save money, because the ready seedlings will cost more. In addition, there will be confidence in the quality of young seedlings. However, planting and caring for seeds requires a considerable amount of time and, moreover, it is likely that the plants will not grow.

But if you still decide to plant leaf celery seeds, then mix them with sand to better navigate when sowing, because the seeds are small in size and will merge with the soil color. Planting material is sown in a special mixture, including:

All this is taken in equal proportions. The resulting mix is ​​laid in boxes, where celery will be grown for the first time.

Seeds are sown in March. To do this, several rows with rows of about 7 cm are made in the prepared soil. In order for young plants to easily make their way, the seed is not recommended to be deeply buried. After sowing, crushed humus or peat is poured over the seeds and filled with soil. With proper planting, the first shoots appear within 7–12 days. During this period, it is necessary to maintain a temperature close to the optimum (18–20 degrees).

On a note! If young plants only ascended after 3 weeks - do not worry. This is completely uncritical and also normal, so do not sin on the quality of the seeds.

After the emergence of seedlings, the temperature in the room can be lowered to 15 degrees. About the need for sunlight and timely watering, too, should not be forgotten.

In separate boxes or pots, plants are transferred after the appearance of several true (non-cotyledon) leaves. At the same time, to obtain a strong, branched root system, the root is slightly trimmed.

In open ground, plants are usually planted from the beginning of May. For the freedom of growth of celery bushes need to adhere to a specific planting scheme (25/25). And if you have purchased ready-made seedlings, you need to make sure that there are no parasites (you can use light fungicides), after which you can immediately plant it in open soil, focusing on the planting pattern.

After transplanting seedlings into open soil, proper care is needed. Otherwise, due to the lack of top dressing or timely watering, even initially strong seedlings will ultimately give a sluggish and discolored crop of leaves that taste like grass.

Celery loves moisture and tolerates drought very poorly. Not very long roots of the plant allow him to collect "water nectar" only at the surface of the soil. But when irrigating celery, puddles on the surface of the soil should not be formed, since they impede the access of oxygen to the root system, wash out the soil, baring the roots, and ultimately lead to rotting.

Watering this plant should be done in the morning or in the evening in calm weather. In strong heat, watering the plant is strongly discouraged. As irrigation tools, you can use special sprinklers or spray. Use a hose, watering them under the root of the plant is highly undesirable.

Before planting in the soil, the plants need to feed. To do this, before diving into the open ground (for 2 weeks), each plant must be watered with a special solution that includes the following components:

  • Water - 5l
  • Ammonium nitrate - 15 g
  • Superphosphate - 10 g

When watering, care must be taken to avoid solution of the solution on the leaves, otherwise there will be burns. Half a month after planting, complex fertilizers (potassium, phosphorus, sodium) are introduced into the open soil, thanks to which the plant will receive all the necessary minerals for its full development.

Inter-row weeding is carried out for 2 reasons:

  • Getting rid of weeds.
  • The opening of oxygen access to the root system of plants.

It should be remembered that the celery root system is not strong enough to be weedy. Therefore, if we do not destroy the weeds, they will quickly fill up the site and drown the culture, after which it will simply wither. To combat weeds, many gardeners usually use mulch (leaves, sawdust), thanks to which you can not only get rid of weeds, but also reduce the number of waterings.

It is interesting! It has long been believed that celery brings happiness, and it is often hung in rooms along with garlic and onions.

How to harvest and save the crop

Leaf celery is harvested in several stages. At the first stage, which begins 2 months after transplanting into open soil, leaves that have reached a length of 35–40 cm are cut off. Then a break of several days is made between cuts. This method allows you to save the maximum number of useful elements in the leaves. Leaves should be cut from the surface of the earth by 5–7 cm. This height is optimal, since the central underdeveloped leaves are not damaged, which makes the plant resistant to rot in winter.

After cutting, celery can be stored in several ways:

  • In the refrigerator (with or without freezing)
  • In dried form
  • Salty

For the next use, celery is wrapped in aluminum foil and placed in a refrigerator.

Drying is convenient in that it reduces the volume of the plant and allows it to be stored outside the refrigerator for quite a long time. Celery leaves are dried under a canopy. They should not be blown and exposed to direct sunlight. The plant is decomposed by one layer and systematically turned over to the other side. If the leaves changed color and began to crumble in the hands, it means that the drying process can be considered complete.

Freezing also allows you to store the product for a long time and use it to decorate table dishes, but with this method of storage the plant will partially lose vitamins and minerals. To freeze you need to choose not yellowed twigs. Then they should be crushed to the desired size, and then pour a little water and freeze.

For salting celery will need 100 g of salt per 500 g of leaves. It is contaminated in banks and insists on two weeks. Then salting can be used as intended.

Any gardener on his plot can grow a lot of useful and tasty fruits, vegetables and, of course, seasonings. Celery in this list is far from the last place, because this green helps not only to cook delicious borscht or decorate the table, but also to provide the body with a large set of vitamins and even slow down the aging process.

Celery Overview

Celery varieties are divided into three varieties - leaf, petiolate and root. In the middle zone, all species can be planted in a seedling manner, since this crop is characterized by a long growing season. In practice, this method only grows the last two, and the leaf is sown directly in the soil in early spring or before winter.

Growing celery in the open field requires advance soil preparation. Garden beds for all types of cooking in the fall:

  • make phosphate and potash fertilizers,
  • add well rotted manure or compost,
  • pour ash or dolomite flour for acidic soil,
  • digging in with a pitchfork, removing the roots of weeds,
  • form the beds.

Для посадки сельдерея в грунт выбирают открытые солнечные места. Рекомендуемые дозы минеральных удобрений указываются на упаковке, органики растениям необходимо в среднем ведро на квадратный метр, а количество доломитовой муки можно рассчитать, исходя из уровня кислотности почвы на участке. 350-450 g per square meter are added to the subacid one, twice as much for acidic. If the soil is alkaline, you can do by adding 100-150 g to saturate it with calcium and magnesium.

Growing celery and caring for it in the open field requires frequent irrigation and regular fertilizing with liquid organic fertilizers - mullein or nettle extract.

With a lack of water, leaves and petioles will be rough and fibrous, and the root crop will not reach the desired size.

When to sow seeds

The stalked and root celery species are sown on seedlings in February or March. Late-ripening varieties should be sown earlier. Before planting, seeds should preferably be kept in a pink solution of potassium permanganate, washed and removed for 10-12 days on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator, wrapped in a damp cloth. Thus, celery seeds undergo stratification and subsequently emerge faster and more friendly.

Terms of planting in the ground

When planting celery in open ground - the weather will tell. The soil at the time of planting seedlings should warm up to +8 degrees. In the middle lane, it usually occurs in mid-May. The seedling by this time should have several strong leaves, developed root system and be hardened. To do this, it regularly endure the day on the balcony or street.

Features agrotehnika culture

Celery is planted in the ground in rows. The optimal distance between them is at least 50-60 cm, and between plants - 25 cm.

Plants planted thicker will not receive nutrients and light. After planting, seedlings are poured abundantly with water.

In the future, for good growth and development, celery is regularly watered, weeds are removed and loosened.

Growing stalked celery in the open field has some special features. Starting from the middle of the season, the bushes slightly roll up, and at the end of the summer, when the stalks have almost reached their presentation, they can be tucked up harder and wrapped in light paper. These procedures are carried out in order to get bleached stems - they are softer and more juicy than bleached.

Growing root celery in the open field also has subtleties, without the knowledge of which it is difficult to get an even and large root crop. Seedlings need to be planted on the ridges, without deepening. After the plant begins to form a root crop, it is necessary to regularly cut off the outer leaves, carefully cut off the side roots and ensure that there are only a few thick lower roots in the ground. Land from the roots regularly otbrebyat and loosen. Otherwise, there is a high risk of getting a brush from the roots instead of a rounded root. For normal growth, a few well-developed young leaves and the lowest roots are enough for root celery.

Removing excess leaves and roots from root celery, we must not forget about regular fertilizing with organic fertilizers. Then the plant will form a large root vegetable.

When celery is harvested

Harvesting celery leaf starts as soon as the first green grows. During the summer period it is cut off several times. After cutting the plant is watered and fed.

Cleaning stem and root species is carried out selectively, as the individual bushes ripen. It is necessary to finish it before the onset of autumn frosts, that is, until mid-October.

With the implementation of these simple recommendations, cultivation of celery and care for it in the open field will be easy and will result in a tasty and rich in vitamins harvest.

Celery Root Growing Videos

Growing celery is not considered a difficult task, but it is advisable to know some nuances to increase the efficiency of the process itself. This plant is of different types, so each has its own characteristics, which are desirable to take into account when planting in the garden. In this article we will tell our readers how to grow leaf celery, how to care for it, what useful properties it has, as well as about possible diseases and pests that can cause damage to the crop.

Botanical description

Today, celery is grown in almost any territory of Russia and in the middle lane. Even a beginner can get a harvest, since celery is rather unpretentious if it is provided with minimum conditions for growth. It is rather simple to cultivate this leaf vegetable culture at any summer cottage.

We draw your attention to the fact that even a basic knowledge of various vegetable crops will make it possible to understand how they should be grown properly, which cultivation technologies will be the most optimal and effective. As a result, you yourself can make adjustments to the process of growing any crop, given the climatic features of your region.

Celery is a member of the Celery family (aka Full-Family). Currently there are more than 20 species of this plant. One of the most common is Odorous, which is considered a vegetable.

Usually, depending on the celery variety, they are grown to produce fragrant greens or roots. Harvest can be collected in the first year after planting, despite the fact that the plant itself is biennial. It blooms and produces seeds only in the second year.

The foliage of this vegetable is dissected around the edges, the inflorescences look like small umbrellas, and which you can see several small flowers.

Celery has taproot, regardless of the type of plant. It is rounded.

The plant propagates with the help of seeds, which are formed in the second year after planting. They germinate very slowly. In this regard, gardeners are trying to grow this vegetable through seedlings in order to get uniform seedlings. This is convenient for growing the crop as a whole, but it does not have a critical effect on the result.

There are three types of celery - leaf, root and stalked. Each of these plant species has its own characteristics.

Beneficial features

Celery is often used for cooking various dishes. It improves the taste characteristics, but is not combined with all products. This green is very useful for the body, rich in vitamins and other useful substances. Improves the immune system of the human body, digestion, and also strengthens the blood vessels.

Celery is often included in the diet for the diagnosis of gastritis, stomach ulcers and other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Also useful in diseases of the genitourinary system. This vegetable prevents the formation of kidney stones, has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and diuretic effects. When constipation weakens the work of the digestive system, and is used for obesity.

If you regularly eat celery, you can not only normalize the cardiovascular system, but also get rid of insomnia. Restores the water-salt balance in the body, raises the overall tone of the body, stimulates the brain and improves physical activity.

Due to the wide range of positive qualities that celery has on the human body, many farmers and summer residents began to grow it.

Planting and care

For planting celery leaf, you can use seeds. Landing is almost always done in open ground. As soon as the soil warms up to 10 degrees, it will be possible to start planting.

Depending on the region, warming occurs at different times. Accordingly, in some places, planting of vegetables in the open field may begin in April, and somewhere in late May.

Since the cultivation of leaf celery passes through the seeds very slowly, it will not work to obtain uniform seedlings. In this regard, you can use ready-made seedlings. Usually it is purchased in the markets, as you can choose the good bushes and their size. When growing a leaf culture, the seedling method is also better because it can increase the yield of greens. This method allows you to increase the growing season of plants, which accounts for the yield of the crop.

It is advisable to sow the seeds in open ground in late March or early April. Preferably the seeds are placed in a light soil mixture. You can cook it yourself or buy it in a specialty store.

In order to make the soil you need to use mulch, humus, rotted soil from compost. If you mix everything in equal proportions, you get a good foundation. You can also use peat, a little sand.

In order to speed up the growth of seedlings, seeds before planting in open ground, it is desirable to process special growth promoters. After processing, you can soak the seeds in water, so that they soften and gradually "activated".

For planting, you can use small tanks that can be moved from place to place. Seeds are planted in boxes, sprinkling peat bushes with peat so that you can do without picking. This treatment is suitable for celery leaf, because in the end you need to get thick greens. It will be enough to periodically thin out the emerged shoots to give more space to each seedling for normal nutrition.

Before the appearance of the first shoots after sowing seeds, it is desirable to cover the ground with plastic wrap so that the soil warms up better and excess moisture does not get there. If you carry out the care properly, and follow the recommendations for the preparation, the seedlings may appear after a week and a half. After that, you will need to remove the plastic film and put the boxes in the most bright and warm place.

The optimum temperature will be 14-16 degrees. This care will strengthen the root system, which is very important for young seedlings and will not allow the seedlings to stretch.

The main component for the successful cultivation of leaflets of celery is regular watering, good lighting, as the plant loves sunshine. You will also need to periodically loosen the soil so that water and air better penetrate to the root system. When a pair of leaflets appears on the seedlings, it can be thinned out.

Then, after warming, in the middle of spring it will be possible to begin transplanting seedlings. Between rows it is desirable to maintain a distance of about 25 centimeters, and between the plants themselves 20 centimeters. In a month, the greens will get stronger and become fluffy and start interfering with each other. Since celery is well resistant to cold, they are not afraid of frosts.

For proper care, it is desirable to ensure regular watering. It is desirable after each watering slightly loosen the soil, as it often nails. And it is advisable to water the seedlings well after each time you cut the young greens. Such care will allow you to better recuperate and grow back.

In order to provide good care for the plant, it must be grown in a sunny place. The sun's rays accelerate the growth process, as well as affect the juiciness of the vegetable and its flavor.

Fertilizers can also be used for maintenance. It will be required during the season to make two dressings. The first will be three weeks after the appearance of the first shoots. For proper care, organic fertilizers are used - bird droppings, diluted mullein solution, as well as wood ash and rotted leaves. The second feeding is applied to the soil after another three weeks. In addition to organics, you can use complex mineral fertilizers that facilitate and accelerate the process of growing leaf celery.

Growing greens will allow to cut the crop within a month and a half after the appearance of the first shoots. If you provide proper care for celery leaf, you can cut the greens 3-4 times per season. If cultivation began with seedlings, then it will be possible to make 4 slices.

In celery, stretched by 25-30 cm, thick green stems have a specific bitter taste. When the access to light of the petioles is limited, they lose the extra essential oils, the vegetable will acquire a more tender, pleasant taste and become white.

Diseases and pests

Caring for celery is quite simple, but it should be remembered that problems may arise at the site due to pests or diseases. Always pay attention to what the foliage looks like. If it looks faded or has begun to wilt, then it is better to carefully examine the plant in search of the characteristic signs of disease.

Special problems and difficulties in the proper cultivation of celery does not arise. The larvae of carrot flies, slugs, shovels, and snails can harm it. They can contribute to the development of diseases such as different types of rot, viral mosaic, black leg. In order to protect plants from these misfortunes, it is important to conduct watering on time, remove weeds, thin out plants. Planting celery among other vegetables and greens gives excellent results.

That's all the nuances of how to grow celery in their summer cottage. Knowing the agrotechnology and applying it correctly, any gardener can get an excellent harvest of this fragrant and healthy spicy greens.

Video "Root Celery"

Features of planting and cultivation of root celery, see in the video.

Planting and care

For planting celery leaf, you can use seeds. Landing is almost always done in open ground. As soon as the soil warms up to 10 degrees, it will be possible to start planting.

Depending on the region, warming occurs at different times. Accordingly, in some places, planting of vegetables in the open field may begin in April, and somewhere in late May.

Since the cultivation of leaf celery passes through the seeds very slowly, it will not work to obtain uniform seedlings. In this regard, you can use ready-made seedlings. Usually it is purchased in the markets, as you can choose the good bushes and their size. When growing a leaf culture, the seedling method is also better because it can increase the yield of greens. This method allows you to increase the growing season of plants, which accounts for the yield of the crop.

It is advisable to sow the seeds in open ground in late March or early April. Preferably the seeds are placed in a light soil mixture. You can cook it yourself or buy it in a specialty store.

In order to make the soil you need to use mulch, humus, rotted soil from compost. If you mix everything in equal proportions, you get a good foundation. You can also use peat, a little sand.

In order to speed up the growth of seedlings, seeds before planting in open ground, it is desirable to process special growth promoters. After processing, you can soak the seeds in water, so that they soften and gradually "activated".

For planting, you can use small tanks that can be moved from place to place. Seeds are planted in boxes, sprinkling peat bushes with peat so that you can do without picking. This treatment is suitable for celery leaf, because in the end you need to get thick greens. It will be enough to periodically thin out the emerged shoots to give more space to each seedling for normal nutrition.

Before the appearance of the first shoots after sowing seeds, it is desirable to cover the ground with plastic wrap so that the soil warms up better and excess moisture does not get there. If you carry out the care properly, and follow the recommendations for the preparation, the seedlings may appear after a week and a half. After that, you will need to remove the plastic film and put the boxes in the most bright and warm place.

The optimum temperature will be 14-16 degrees. This care will strengthen the root system, which is very important for young seedlings and will not allow the seedlings to stretch.

The main component for the successful cultivation of leaflets of celery is regular watering, good lighting, as the plant loves sunshine. You will also need to periodically loosen the soil so that water and air better penetrate to the root system. When a pair of leaflets appears on the seedlings, it can be thinned out.

Then, after warming, in the middle of spring it will be possible to begin transplanting seedlings. Between rows it is desirable to maintain a distance of about 25 centimeters, and between the plants themselves 20 centimeters. In a month, the greens will get stronger and become fluffy and start interfering with each other. Since celery is well resistant to cold, they are not afraid of frosts.

For proper care, it is desirable to ensure regular watering. It is desirable after each watering slightly loosen the soil, as it often nails. And it is advisable to water the seedlings well after each time you cut the young greens. Such care will allow you to better recuperate and grow back.

In order to provide good care for the plant, it must be grown in a sunny place. The sun's rays accelerate the growth process, as well as affect the juiciness of the vegetable and its flavor.

Fertilizers can also be used for maintenance. It will be required during the season to make two dressings. The first will be three weeks after the first shoots. For proper care, organic fertilizers are used - bird droppings, diluted mullein solution, as well as wood ash and rotted leaves. The second feeding is applied to the soil after another three weeks. Кроме органики можно использовать комплексные минеральные удобрения, которые облегчают и ускоряют процесс выращивания листового сельдерея.

Выращивание зелени позволит срезать урожай уже через полтора месяца после появления первых всходов. Если обеспечить правильный уход за листовым сельдереем, то можно будет срезать зелень 3-4 раза за сезон. Если выращивание начиналось с рассады, тогда можно будет сделать 4 среза.

In celery, stretched by 25-30 cm, thick green stems have a specific bitter taste. When the access to light of the petioles is limited, they lose the extra essential oils, the vegetable will acquire a more tender, pleasant taste and become white.

Diseases and pests

Caring for celery is quite simple, but it should be remembered that problems may arise at the site due to pests or diseases. Always pay attention to what the foliage looks like. If it looks faded or has begun to wilt, then it is better to carefully examine the plant in search of the characteristic signs of disease.

Special problems and difficulties in the proper cultivation of celery does not arise. The larvae of carrot flies, slugs, shovels, and snails can harm it. They can contribute to the development of diseases such as different types of rot, viral mosaic, black leg. In order to protect plants from these misfortunes, it is important to conduct watering on time, remove weeds, thin out plants. Planting celery among other vegetables and greens gives excellent results.

That's all the nuances of how to grow celery in their summer cottage. Knowing the agrotechnology and applying it correctly, any gardener can get an excellent harvest of this fragrant and healthy spicy greens.

Video "Root Celery"

Everything about growing celery root is described in the video.

Celery leaf - the cultivation of this plant does not take a lot of time and effort, care for him is not so difficult, and the benefits are very substantial. The plant contains many minerals and vitamins. Celery is a good antioxidant, so it is recommended for use by people with impaired metabolism, as well as hypertensives.

In addition to the leaf type of this plant, there are also root and stalked. However, for the preparation of salads most suitable fresh celery leaf. It is this variety that is rich in essential oils, and it is often grown thanks to its lush, pleasantly scented greenery.

Before you plant this plant in your country, you need to know some of the features, namely:

  • the seeds of this culture are very small
  • when grown from celery seed leaf shows not a very large percentage of germination.

Due to the insignificant percentage of germination, the purchase of seeds should be approached very carefully. It is recommended to buy seeds of this plant only in specialized stores. It is desirable that they were packaged by the firm, which already had a favorable impression. Otherwise, it may happen that the purchased seeds do not grow, and there will be no time for re-planting.

Before planting it is worth checking the expiration date of the seeds. If it has already expired, the germination rate will drop significantly, despite the proper care provided.

Technology and features of leafing celery

Celery can be planted in two ways.

  1. Seed plant is sown directly in the ground. In this case, do not expect large volumes of the crop.
  2. Seedling method. It should be disassembled in more detail.

With the seedling method, seed planting begins from the end of March. Around this period, it is necessary to soak the seeds at home for a couple of days in water. After that, they should be dried, then mixed with sand and start sowing. To plant seeds initially is best in peat cubes. The first shoots should be expected in about 15-20 days. At this time, it is desirable that the air temperature in the room is maintained at 25 degrees Celsius.

When the celery appears 2-3 true leaves, plants can be transplanted into a film greenhouse. Planting seedlings should be at a distance of 5-6 cm from each other. At this time, seedlings need to be watered at room temperature.

Many gardeners are interested in when you can plant celery in the ground. As with the first, and the second method of planting celery planted in open ground in mid-May. At this time, the soil warms up to about 12-15 degrees Celsius. The optimum air temperature for planting celery in open ground is about 20-25 degrees Celsius.

For planting, it is best to purchase seeds that have a different ripening period. In this case, throughout the season it will be possible to cut the fresh green celery.

How to prepare the ground for planting

To obtain a rich harvest of leaf celery, you need to worry in advance about the quality of the soil where the plant is supposed to be planted. Land for celery planting will be right to choose from the fall. At this time, it should dig up to a depth of half a meter and saturate with humus. The best precursors of this plant are cucumber, potatoes and cabbage.

In the spring, before planting celery, the bed should be dug up again, while you can add fertilizer to the soil. For this plant are favorable loose, well-drained and fertile soil, retaining moisture. It is desirable that the acidity of the soil was neutral. If the soil in which the celery is supposed to be planted is acidic, then lime should be added to it before planting.

The beds where this crop will be planted are best placed in sunny, open places. However, in the shade the plant also feels good. It is not necessary to plant this crop next to the parsnip, because in this case there is a risk that both plants will suffer from the celery fly.

Celery Leaf Care

This is an extremely moisture-loving culture, so it needs to provide abundant and regular watering. You can use up to 5 liters of water per 1 square meter. You should also regularly weed and loosen the soil around the plants.

As the culture grows in the open field, it is necessary to thin out the planting. Remove the weakest shoots. After the thinning procedure, the distance between the plants should be about 15-20 cm.

During one season, the plants must be fed 2 times. The first time feeding should be carried out after 2 weeks from planting in open ground, and the second time - after 3 weeks from planting. It is necessary to feed this plant with potassium and nitrogen in equal proportions.

It is also necessary to produce timely measures aimed at protecting the plant from diseases and pests. Most often, this culture is affected by diseases that are caused by bacteria, fungi and viruses. Moreover, if it is intended to use fresh celery leaves, it is not recommended to use chemical preparations to protect it.

Of the diseases of this culture is often found leaf spot: they begin to appear brownish-yellow spots. The affected areas of the plant darken and become covered with bloom. Such a disease is transmitted with seeds, and because of this, they are recommended to be treated in a formalin solution before planting. For dressing, it is recommended to place the seeds for half an hour in a warm formalin solution, and then hold it under sacking for 3 hours at room temperature.

Celery leaf celery propagates only with the help of seeds.

Popular celery leaf varieties

We list the most successful and new varieties.

It is a variety of Georgian breeding, it grows well when grown from seed. The first green can be cut already after 65 days after the appearance of small shoots. In the summer, cutting of the growing greens can be done more than once. The plant has an erect rosette, fragrant leaves and stems of a dark green color. This variety is resistant to low temperatures and dry weather. The leaves of the variety "Kartuli" are good both in dried and in fresh form. Variety does not require special care.

The peculiarity of this variety is curly green. It is possible to cut it already 75 days after the first shoots. Care of the culture of this variety is simple. The plant forms medium-sized leaves with corrugated edges. This variety has a strong aroma and excellent taste. It is widely used in cooking, and is used both in fresh and in dried form.

This is a variety of medium ripeness. Gives a good harvest when grown from seeds in the soil. The leaves are of medium length. The culture of this variety has many side shoots. Greens are very fragrant, dark green.

Celery of this variety is characterized by high growth. His leaves are shiny, strongly cut. This variety does not require complex care and is not afraid of low temperatures. Resistant to dry weather. Greens can be cut from him more than once per season. When this celery variety is dried, it spreads a pleasant aroma around the room.

The first harvest of this variety can be harvested after 105 days after planting seeds. The harvest is richer than that of other leaf varieties. New greens after trimming the old appears fairly quickly. Forms gentle leaves that have a persistent and pleasant aroma. This variety of leaf celery is very fond of fresh use.

Although the planting and cultivation of celery require knowledge of certain nuances, the efforts expended are fully justified. If you carry out the right care of the plant, you can get a good harvest of fresh celery. Celery leaf can be used to prepare a variety of dishes. For example, add to soups or salads.

Unfortunately, in the gardens of our country, this plant did not find such popularity as dill. However, new cultivated celery varieties attract with their characteristics gardeners, and recently this plant is found in gardens and cottages more and more often.

Celery (Apium) is a herbaceous rhizomatous plant of the umbrella or celery family. Taproot, leaf-plate pinnate. Flowers are small, gather in simple or complex umbrella inflorescences. The plant is biennial: in the first year it is grown to produce herbs and root crops, in the second year it gives seeds.

Propagated by seed culture. They germinate and develop for a long time, therefore, to obtain a good harvest, it is advisable to grow seedlings. The peculiarity is that in seeds that have lain for 3-4 years, germination is better.

Celery was cultivated in ancient Greece, but was widely distributed relatively recently.

Ground and lighting

Common to all types of celery are the requirements for soil and lighting:

  • Celery grows well on fertile, loose soils of neutral or weakly acid reaction.
  • The lighting is preferably bright. Perhaps slightly shading: the leaves will be more fragrant.

Good neighbors in the area will be tomatoes, bush beans, leeks. By planting next to the cabbage, you will save it from the attack of earthen flea and cabbage whitefish.

Consider the characteristics of cultivation for each variety of celery.

Sowing stalked and leaf celery in the ground

Seeds of leaf celery can be sown in open ground in early spring with the possibility of entering the site (March-April) or before winter in late autumn, in late October.

  • Furrows stuffed through 20-25 cm, very shallow, so that the seeding depth was 1-2 cm.
  • It is necessary to sow as little as possible, because it is very difficult to break through the densely sown celery.
  • Break through the shoots in three stages: first leaving 5-7 cm, then - 10-15, in the end - 20-25 cm.

The culture loves water, it is necessary to water it plentifully at least once a week.

Growing stalked and leaf celery through seedlings

Celery stalked seedling seedling photos

To start sowing seeds of stalked and leafed celery for seedlings at home, proceed in early March. The seed should be pretreated: hold in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several minutes, rinse well, then place in a damp cloth in a solution of growth stimulant for a day. When the seeds swell well, they can be sown.

  • Fill the crates with a mixture of peat, sand, leafy ground and humus in equal proportions.
  • Spread the seeds over the surface at a distance of 1-2 cm, helping yourself with a toothpick, sprinkle a little earth (layer about 0.5 cm).
  • Spray from the pulveler, cover the crops with film, maintain the air temperature within 18-20 ° C.
  • When using quality seeds with pre-treatment, seedlings will appear 5-6 days after sowing.

Celery seedlings need to dive photo

  • When the first sprouts appear, remove the shelter, lower the air temperature to 14-15 ° C.
  • In order for the seedlings not to stretch, not only coolness is required, but also bright diffused lighting (arrange additional lighting if there is no southern window in the apartment).
  • Maintain moderate soil moisture.

Celery leaf seedlings ready for planting

  • With the advent of 2 true leaves, dive the seedlings - pinching the main root contributes to the further successful development of the root system.
  • A week before planting, quench the seedlings: take them out to the open air during the daytime.

When and how to plant sprouted and leaf celery seedlings in the ground

How to plant seedlings of stalked and leaf celery in the ground photo

  • In the open ground seedlings of stalked and leaf celery transplant in late April-early May.
  • When planting, use the scheme 25x25.
  • The root neck is not deepened.

How to care for leaf celery

In the care of the plant unpretentious. It is necessary to carry out standard procedures: regularly water, loosen between the rows, remove weeds. Soil mulching will cut work in half. Humidity will last longer, this will prevent the appearance of earth crusts, weeds worry less. Spud the bushes.

Regularly harvest celery leaf celery. After each cut celery leaf it needs to be watered abundantly, combining watering with dressing. Predominantly organic fertilizers are used: fermented grass, fermented manure or chicken manure.

Peculiarities of care for stalked celery in open ground

The cultivation of stalked celery is carried out by analogy with the leaf. Nuances: seedlings planted in the grooves 10 cm deep, the apical part can not be sprinkled with earth.

The plant needs intensive hilling. This measure is necessary for whitening petioles, which have a more delicate taste without bitterness. Also a couple of weeks before harvesting, tie the leaves at the top, wrap the stalks with paper to bleach. Harvesting is carried out before the start of frost.

How to dive root celery, look at the video:

The grown seedlings of root celery are rolled over again into more spacious pots, when the plants are cramped, and are grown before planting in the ground in May, when the threat of frost has passed.

Seedlings of root celery ready for planting photos

How to care for root celery in the open field

  • When growing celery during the summer, the leaves should not be cut: by the middle of August, organic substances accumulated in the leaf plates are transferred to the roots.
  • The top of the celery root sticks out of the soil - this is normal, so avoid the temptation to spud the plant. This is contraindicated, since the active formation of lateral shoots will begin, and the main root will be defective.
  • During the period June-October, keep the soil constantly slightly moist.
  • A couple of weeks before digging up the roots, remove the lower leaves and side shoots, partially rake the ground.
  • Root crops are harvested around the end of October.

Types and celery varieties

In the natural environment there are about 20 species of celery. Culturally grown Celery fragrant.

There are three types of celery:

  1. Sheet - is cultivated to obtain leaves that can be cut the entire season (from spring to late autumn).

Popular varieties of leaf celery: Zakhar, Cheerfulness, Gentle, Kartuli.

  1. Petiolate - the purpose of cultivation are juicy petioles. The harvest comes at the end of the summer.

Grades: Malachite, Golden, Junga, White Feather.

  1. Root - grown to produce large root crops weighing 400-800 g. They are harvested in the fall.

Root celery varieties: Diamant, Maxim, Esaul, Gribovsky.

When choosing a variety, pay attention to the ripening dates: early, medium, late. They also differ in taste. The information is indicated on the seed packaging.