Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Peony planting features and spring care in the country

The history of the cultivation of peonies has more than two thousand years, for which a great many varieties and varieties were created. But no matter how much the peonies are transformed, the planting and care in the open field behind them have not undergone major changes since then.

So that year after year to admire lush carved foliage and spectacular flowering, the summer resident will have to master all the subtleties of agricultural engineering and learn the preferences of these amazing ornamental plants.

All species of peonies in nature come from Eurasia and the Americas, represented by herbaceous perennials and subshrubs. In Russian gardens, plants have long proved their unpretentiousness and ability from 10 to 20 years to grow and bloom in one place without a transplant.

Place for planting and caring for peonies in the open field

A place for planting peonies is chosen so that the plant was as comfortable as possible for not only one season, but also several years. Since this culture belongs to light and heat-loving, up to 3 hours a day can tolerate a transparent garden shade, but is afraid of cold wind and drafts, the pion is selected for the site according to its requirements and shading for the hottest midday hours.

For several years, the pion root system can go down to 70–80 cm. To simplify the care of pions in open ground, pay attention to the danger of flooding a plot and stagnation of scarlet or groundwater before planting. Constant humidity repeatedly increases the risk of rotting the roots and death of the entire bush.

Actively growing peonies need space, closeness leads to deterioration of flowering, the appearance of diseases and pests.

Peony landing conditions:

Light, protected from the wind plot found, it's time to take care of the soil in which the pion will grow. The soil with a neutral or slightly acid reaction should be loose, aerated, nutritious. Sandy soil is flavored with humus, peat, wood ash and deoxidized with dolomite flour. As necessary, add garden soil. Dense clay soil can be made more airy with the help of river sand and a small amount of peat. Sand structure nutrient, but quickly caking black soil.

The rules of planting pions for care in the open field

Unlike many horticultural crops, when planting a growing point it is important to leave it on or above the soil damage, peonies are deeply buried. The buds, from which the stems will later develop, sink into it by 3–7 cm, depending on the density of the soil.

If this is not done, the most sensitive and important part of the plant will be unprotected in the rain, snow and sun. However, even with excessively deep planting of a pion in open ground, caring for it may turn out to be not only laborious, but also useless. Such plants in spring form lush foliage, but bloom only slightly or refuse to form buds at all.

Peony landing rules:

  1. Planting holes for peonies make up to 80 cm in depth for tree plants and up to 60 cm for more common grassy varieties. The pit width is 60 and 50 cm, respectively.
  2. The bottom, in order to avoid stagnation of water, cover with drainage.
  3. Two-thirds of the pit is filled with a prepared substrate mixed with 100–150 grams of superphosphate, one spoon of ferrous sulfate and a liter jar of bone meal or sifted wood ash.
  4. When the straightened peony roots fall into the ground, another 15–20 cm of them are covered with loose soil so that the buds are safely hidden below the ground level.

Caring for peonies in the open ground in spring or autumn begins immediately after planting. The soil is carefully compacted and watered at the rate of 8–10 liters of water per bush. If autumn rooting and wintering are in front of the plants, they are thickly mulched with a 10-centimeter layer of peat. With the advent of spring, the care of perennial continues.

Planting peonies in the ground: spring or autumn

The most convenient time for the grower and peony-friendly planting time is the beginning of autumn. By this time, the root system of perennial grows, and he recovers after flowering and accumulates strength.

If you plan to plant in the open field and care for the peonies in the fall, it should be carried out 30-40 days before the onset of stable cold. In this case, the adult transplanted plant or young sapling, obtained from dividing the bush, is guaranteed to take root and does not freeze through in winter.

Terms of planting decorative perennials depend on the climate of a particular region. The shorter the summer, the earlier it is necessary to take care of the preparation of holes and planting material.

  1. Planting pions in open ground in Siberia takes place in August, September and October, and in the northern regions it ends 1.5–2 months earlier than in the south.
  2. In the Urals, where the weather is extremely changeable, seedlings are brought to the ground from the second half of August to mid-September.
  3. A week later, you can plant flowering perennials in the middle lane and in the North-West of the country.
  4. And in the south of Russia, peonies without fear for the condition of the plant can be planted from September to mid-October.

When buying seedlings from a nursery or because of the early arrival of cold weather, the landing is transferred to the spring. Unfortunately, if plants have an open root system, they do not tolerate such a procedure too well. The peonies, weakened after wintering, are long acclimatized, and sometimes even for the whole summer they cannot recover.

In order to eliminate unpleasant consequences, the planting of pions into the ground in spring is carried out very early, into the wet soil after the snow melts, until the weather is hot and the plants themselves do not grow.

The exceptions are peonies with a closed root system in containers. They can be planted without fear from spring to autumn.

Care for peonies after planting in open ground

The vegetation of peonies begins in early May and ends in late autumn. Care for peonies in the open field in spring begins with very careful soil loosening, irrigation, if necessary, and fertilization.

Peonies are watered infrequently, but very copiously, in order to completely soak the earthy clod and its roots. Since the plant is to grow foliage and prepare for flowering, the pion needs complete mineral fertilizers and nitrogen.

Top dressing of peonies in open ground is done on wet ground. In order to get the mixture faster to the suction roots, around the bush, at a distance of 10–15 cm, a shallow hole is made into which the solution is poured. In the summer, especially for young plants that have not yet reached the age of 3-4 years, foliar top dressings with urea are useful. They are made three times with a frequency of 15–20 days from the onset of the shoots.

During dry periods, ponies are watered at the rate of 10–15 liters per bush. It is especially important to maintain soil moisture in the first month after spring planting.

On flowering peonies, wilted flowers are regularly removed. On young plants, under 3 years old, all weak buds are also removed. All summer, the area under perennials is weeded, and in the fall, before the onset of cold weather, the shoots are cut, and the ground is mulched. If the planting is carried out correctly, and the plants get a competent and sufficient care, the first peony bloom will begin by 2-3 years, gradually becoming brighter and more magnificent.

Choosing a place for landing pions

Peonies are perennial plants and can to grow in one place for many years. It is important when planting pions in open ground to follow certain requirements:

  • ponies should not be planted along the fences and walls of buildings, they love space,
  • Avoid too dark areas, peonies do not tolerate shade,
  • Peonies should be planted in areas protected from the wind.

Peonies do not tolerate shade, but they should not be planted in the scorching sun. In the shadow of the flowers will be drawn, become small, and then completely stop blooming. In the sunny area they will start to burn out much, which will not have the best effect on the plant. The best place is a slightly shaded area.

How to plant peonies in the spring at the cottage

When growing peonies in the open field, you need to know what kind of soil this flower prefers. They are very fond of nutrient rich, loose and permeable soil. One of the important conditions is also the softening of the soil with the help of peat or humus.

If the soil at the dacha is too sandy it is advisable to add some clay.

Before planting the bush can not make fresh manure, it will negatively affect the plant, its growth and development.

Planting peonies in open ground is best in the fall, although planting is possible in the spring. Before planting the plant in the ground it must be dipped in a solution of heteroauxin. Prepare the solution as follows: in 10 liters of water you need to dissolve two tablets of the drug, clay and add fifty grams of copper sulphate. The solution must be well stirreduntil smooth. In this structure, you need to dip the roots of the plant and dry.

To plant a pion, it is necessary to dig a small hole fifty centimeters deep and eighty in diameter, so that when planting, the buds are 3-5 centimeters above ground level. At the bottom of the pit, it is desirable to pour a broken brick, or crushed stone. Then you need to pour a little earth with manure. You can also add wood ash and potash phosphate fertilizers.

Prepared seedlings need to be released into the hole, after straightening his roots. In this case, the roots must be directed down. Top roots need to sprinkle with earth and mulch. After planting, an important step is watering the plants; ten liters of water are needed for each bush. The soil after irrigation may settle, so it will be necessary to fill it.

How to care for peonies in the spring in the open field

Care for these flowers is good because even an inexperienced florist can handle it. In the spring during the period of active growth and flowering plants, bushes need abundant watering. Under each plant it is necessary to pour out at least a bucket, and preferably two buckets of water for one irrigation. The frequency of watering depends directly on the weather, usually once every ten days. But, if it is too hot outside, then the frequency of watering can be increased. After watering it is best to loosen the earth in pristvolny circles, for the best enrichment of soil with oxygen.

Depending on age, these beautiful bushes need a variety of fertilizing. For example, bushes up to three years old, do not need an additional subcortex, provided that nutrients are added to the soil during planting. In order for the bush to have a good green mass, in the spring, as soon as shoots appeared, it is necessary to spray fertilizers. After 2 weeks, repeat the procedure.

If during the planting of a bush you forget to put fertilizer in the hole, then you will need to start top dressing almost immediately after planting. In April, it is necessary to fertilize the planting with a solution of mullein in the ratio of 1:10, 300 grams should be added to the mullein. wood ash and 200 gr. superphosphate. The following dressing should be carried out in mid-May. The third time you need to feed the plant with preparations containing potassium and phosphorus. Carry out the third feeding, usually in mid-June.

In flowering adult bushes, the need for nutrition is different from young plants. In early spring, they need substances such as potassium and nitrogen. In the period of budding it is necessary to make complex fertilizers. After flowering, you need to pour them with phosphorus-potassium preparations. It is very important to remember that all dressing is desirable to carry out after watering.

Most oftendecks have several buds. In order to get large flowers, the lateral ovary must be cut off. With such simple actions, the central flower will be large. This is especially true if the flowers in the garden are grown for sale. It is important to remember that flowers can be cut only in plants older than three years. The first two years, all buds are usually removed. This will allow the plant to form a powerful root system. Due to the fact that the stems of a flowering plant often lean to the ground, should be supported.

Propagation of pions by cuttings and by dividing the bush

When caring for pions division can be done in three ways:

  • cuttings
  • layering
  • or by dividing the bush.

Reproduction by dividing the bush is the easiest. For this you need dig up the rhizome from mid-august and until mid-September, and divide it so that each piece has at least three buds. Old roots should be shortened, and new plants should be planted in the holes prepared in advance.

With the method of propagation by cuttings, two weeks before the expected flowering, in the morning near the ground, cut the leaf stalk with a sharp knife.

It is best to take a cutting from the bottom or middle part. Taking a 1.5 cm section below the bottom sheet, a cut is made; from the top, a cut is made on the same way.

From one stem cutl more than two cuttings is not desirable. They need to be placed in water, with the addition of the drug for the formation of roots and leave it for one day. After this, the cuttings must be planted in a box, it will replace the greenhouse. In the box pre-pour the ground, 30 cm thick, and on top of 10 cm of sand. Cuttings are planted under a slope of 45 degrees. It is necessary to ensure that the leaves of planted cuttings do not touch each other. Planted cuttings close, and shade a few days. During the first two weeks, the cuttings are sprayed twice a day. After they are rooted, the greenhouse can begin to open gradually. In winter, the leaves must be cut, the greenhouse is covered and left so for the winter.

During the reproduction of the bush layers in the spring they put a box on it without a bottom. The size of the box is 50 by 50 cm and the height is about 35 cm. As the shoots grow, you need to fill the box 5 cm in the box. The soil in the box should be wet all the time. As the peony develops, new buds and roots are formed. From August to mid-September, you need to cut the stems under the new buds and plant them in a greenhouse. Then care is to properly cover the greenhouse for the winter.

Peony care after flowering

Faded and dried buds need to be removed, but this must be done correctly. Pruning needles only the bud itself, the stem can not be cut, because they are for two months will serve as a source of plant nutrition, as well as contribute to the laying of new flower buds. Caring for these flowers in the garden does not take much trouble, and the plant will appreciate the abundant and colorful flowering.

Transplanting in pots

If you have the need to transplant pions in early spring, when the earth has not yet warmed up or has not even thawed out after winter, it is absolutely impossible to plant peonies in open ground. Fortunately, there is a simple solution - planting in a pot. It is chosen according to the size of the sapling or shrub, which is to be transplanted, but in any case, the volume of the pot should be at least 2-3 liters. In this form, the peonies should be kept in a cool dark place until the full spring heat.

It is important to note that if you buy peonies in the spring, then try to choose specimens with a more or less significant lump of earth on the rhizome. Peonies with a fully open root system can be purchased no later than at the end of March. With the onset of heat in April-May, the peonies right in the pots need to be buried in the garden and kept there until autumn, when it becomes possible to make a full fit. It is desirable to produce it directly in the original coma of the earth, so remove the plant from the pot as carefully as possible.

In extreme cases, if you really want, you can plant a peony from a pot in the open ground, without waiting for autumn. But for this you need to make sure that the root system of the plant is ready for this. Carefully remove the peony with the earthen clod from the pot: if the earth is enmeshed with thin white roots, then the plant will be able to take root in a new place. By the way, too long to keep a flower in a pot, too, should not be. As practice shows, it is better to plant a peony root in the spring than to overdo it in a pot, waiting for September. If the shoot is left in such cramped conditions for more than a year, it will not develop a rhizome, which will worsen the general condition of the plant.

When to buy peonies?

Peonies to a certain extent are sissies, and therefore should be very careful in everything related to the purchase, planting and care for these flowers. And the first thing you need to start with is the right choice of seedlings. On sale tree peonies with a bare root system appear closer to the end of February, when planting stock comes in large quantities from European and Chinese nurseries. And although at this time of year in most Russian regions there is still snow, you need to buy them right now, while the saplings are still fresh and the rhizomes have not dried out from a long stay in the air.

Having bought peonies at the end of February - March, immediately plant them in a pot. The vaccination site, if there is one, should be sprinkled with a sand-ash mixture, which will save the junction from rotting.

If you have got a plant with not yet awakened buds, place it in a cellar or any other cool and dark place. В том случае, если почки уже проснулись, горшок следует поставить на окно, где для этой стадии развития растения будут оптимальные условия — обилие естественного света и температура воздуха немного ниже комнатной. Кроме того, для уже проснувшегося растения весьма желательно удлинять световой день искусственным светом еще на 2-3 часа.

Благодаря такому вот содержанию в горшке уже к началу лета корневая система пиона обзаводится всасывающими корешками. And since their presence is necessary in order to plant peonies at a dacha in the spring, it makes sense to prepare a flower bed only after a visual study of the earthy coma. However, experienced gardeners prefer to wait until autumn, when in late August-September the optimal period for planting these plants begins.

If you buy seedlings with a closed root system, that is, in a pot, planting can be done at any time, as long as it is warm outside and the earth is warm enough.

How to choose seedlings?

In order for your garden to be decorated with lush noble peony bushes, and not bald flower beds, you need to understand not only how to plant peonies in spring with tubers, but also how to choose planting material correctly. In particular, when buying seedlings, consider the following:

  1. Avoid over-dried saplings with blackened buds - they are suitable only for herbaria, but not for planting in a flower bed,
  2. do not believe the sellers, assuring that a hopeless seedling can be reanimated by growth stimulants,
  3. Bypass shops where they sell "blue" or "black" peonies - this exotic does not exist either in nature or in nurseries of breeders,
  4. Do not chase after low prices - cheap bargain marriage is usually sold.

If in Soviet times, amateur gardeners did not have much choice and had to take what was, but today the distribution network offers almost all the main peony varieties. So do not compromise and buy what you don’t like. If suddenly in your flower shop the desired variety was not found, look for another store or, at worst, buy seedlings on the Internet. Moreover, today there are many specialized web resources, where the same amateur flower growers like you exchange planting material almost for nothing.

Peony Landing Features

Regardless of when and how you decided to plant peonies - bushes in spring or saplings in the fall - this enterprise will be successful only if the place for the flower bed has been chosen correctly. In order for the capricious flowers not only to take root, but also to bloom profusely every year, the flowerbed must:

  • well be illuminated by the sun, if the shade from the trees or buildings will cover the flowers for at least 2-3 hours a day, the peonies will never bloom and in general will be stunted and weak,
  • to be moderately hydrated, since the lack of moisture prevents the plant from developing normally, and its excess provokes rotting of the root system,
  • have normal air circulation, which prevents diseases like gray mold,
  • to be protected from strong winds that can damage stems and flowers,
  • located away from stone and metal surfaces, which quickly heat up in the sun and create the effect of the oven in the flower garden, which is disastrous for peonies.

Thus, apparently the most suitable place for landing pions is a glade in the central part of the garden, where gentle peonies will be protected from the winds, where there is no shade and normal air circulation is ensured.

Planting seedlings in open ground

When it comes to peonies, the default implies planting seedlings. It is this method that has been most widely used since it is simpler and more reliable. However, you can plant peonies in the spring with seeds, which we will talk about later.

Before you begin landing work, you need to prepare a place for peonies. The landing pit is recommended to be made several weeks before the scheduled landing time. This is necessary so that the land in the pit has time to settle.

The planting pit itself must be very large, even if you plant a very tiny seedling: the depth and width are about 50-70 centimeters. The main point of creating such a large “basement” is to get a sufficiently large amount of loose earth under the bush. The fact is that pions grow very poorly in dense virgin soil, their rhizomes always develop along the path of least resistance, and in unprepared soil the root system spreads out in the surface layer, and does not go down. And since the surface layers contain little moisture, the plant becomes frail and painful.

So, more than half of the landing pit should be filled with a mixture of organic fertilizers, soil, bone meal and phosphate. The upper third of the pit is covered with ordinary soil, previously removed from the pit.

When planting peonies in lowland areas with close to groundwater, it is recommended to make a raised flowerbed. Water will leave the bulk bed faster, which means that the decay of the roots will not threaten the peonies.

Planting peonies from seeds

The use of seeds is another way of spring planting peonies. True, it can be called spring with a certain degree of conventionality, since the preparatory stage takes many months. In addition, you can not even ask if the peonies planted in spring from the seedlings will bloom - certainly not. Seedlings give the first flowers only in the fifth or sixth year of life.

If you already have mature peony bushes, you don’t have to buy seeds - you can use your own. Harvest should be done at the beginning of autumn, when seed pods open up on the bushes. If you immediately put them in the ground, they will rise only in the second or third year. Therefore, it is recommended to use a more sophisticated technique.

The collected seeds are planted not in open ground, but in a pot, which, however, is still left outside until spring. In early March, a pot of seeds should be placed in a warm room and stored until the April or May heat. Only after this seedlings can be planted in open ground.

As we see, the answer to the question of whether it is possible to plant peonies in the spring is quite affirmative. But there is a specificity about which you should be aware.

Selection of soil for growing peonies in open ground

The composition of the soil is very important for peony. There are some tips from professionals that will help in choosing a soil:

  • For peony loam soil is preferred.
  • Heavy, clayey soil makes it easier to sand, peat and humus. In such a soil, the plant will feel great.
  • In the sandy soil add humus and clay.
  • Peaty land is detrimental to peony, but if you add ashes, sand and organic matter, they are suitable for growing a flower.

Technology of planting pions in open ground

Due to the fact that the peony bush will grow in one place for several years and grow, you should plan 1-2 m2 of planting area for each plant. Planting pits are dug 50-60 cm deep and 70-80 cm in diameter.

At the bottom of the hole poured drainage of large claydite, rubble or broken brick.

Then pour a mound of a mixture of excavated land, mixed with rotted manure or compost (5-6 kg), wood ash (0.5 liter jar) and potassium phosphate fertilizers (for example, 100 g of potassium sulfate and double superphosphate).

The seedling is lowered into the pit, straighten the roots, directing them down, and fall asleep with the remaining earth. At the same time, the growth point is deepened by 3-5 cm. With a deeper planting, the plant will be weak, prone to frequent diseases, flowering will be scarce or will be completely absent.

In order not to be mistaken with the depth, it is convenient to use a landing board or a stick. It is put across the hole and measure the desired length value.

After planting, the plants are watered, consuming 10 l of water each. The soil at the same time settles, so the hole is filled with earth and mulch with peat or straw.

Top dressing of peonies in an open ground

In the first year after planting, young peonies, planting and caring for which does not cause difficulties, practically do not require any additional dressings. During this period, the roots are actively developing, but poorly assimilated mineral fertilizers. It is recommended to produce only foliar dressing with Kemira or Baikal-M complex fertilizers.

In the spring, during the active growth of leaves (April and May), the plants are sprayed with a solution of the drug Agricola, according to the instructions for use. In mid-June, Ideal fertilizer is used (2 tbsp. Per bucket of water).

Since the second year of life, the plants are fed systematically. In May, as soon as the leaves begin to bloom, humus or compost is buried in the soil around the bush. As root dressings using nitrogen fertilizers, for example, urea, diluted in water at the rate of 1 tbsp. l on 10 l.

During the formation of peduncles make a liquid organic (preferably mullein) with the addition of 1 tbsp. l nitrofoski on a bucket of the working solution. Additionally, leaves and buds are sprayed with Bud, and 1-2 cups of ash are added to the near-stem circles.

After flowering - in early August, plants are watered with a solution of superphosphate and potassium sulfate, 1 tbsp. l each in a bucket of water.

Diseases and pests of peonies in open ground

Of all the existing diseases, peonies are most often affected by gray rot - botrytis. This disease manifests itself in mid-May by rotting of the stems, although both the buds and the leaves can affect the botrytis - parts of the plant are covered with gray mold. An excess of nitrogen, cramped bed and rainy weather contribute to the appearance of gray mold. Sick areas need to be cut and burned away from all plants. As a preventive measure, spraying with a solution of copper sulphate (50 g per 10 l of water) or garlic water (10 g of crushed garlic per 1 l of water) is used. It is necessary to spray both the plant and the soil around the bush.

Sometimes it happens in peonies with powdery mildew infection, a fungal disease that affects the leaves of peonies and covers them with white patina. Powdery mildew should be sprayed with a soap solution (200 g of laundry soap, 20 g of blue vitriol per 10 liters of water).

Watering peonies in open ground

Watering is carried out in moderate doses. In addition, peonies react painfully to the proximity of groundwater. They prefer loose, permeable and nutritious soil. At the time when peonies are blooming and in hot, dry weather, the amount of watering increases.

Take into account, it is necessary to water a flower in a heat only under a root, avoiding hit of moisture on leaves.

Peony care during flowering

As a rule, peonies begin to bloom from the age of three. As soon as the buds reach the size of a pea, the plants step by step - pick out the side shoots, leaving one central on each stem. To stimulate lush flowering.

Most varieties form large inflorescences, the bushes often do not stand up to their weight and lie down, especially during the rainy season. To support plants, install props of metal or plastic. Faded flower stalks are cut at 15 cm from the ground.

Transplantation and reproduction of pions in open ground

It is said that under favorable conditions, peonies can live up to a hundred years. However, this does not mean that the plant is attached to one place. Once in 5-6 years, transplantation of peonies to a new place. Do not worry that you have to plant a flower throughout the site. After a few years, you can return the plant to its original location.

Of the two options, when you can replant peonies, in spring or autumn, choose the one that is more convenient for you. The main thing is to remember that the lush handsome autumn transplant is easier and easier than the spring one.

Important! The flower transplanted in spring for a long time is ill and does not bloom, and having moved to a new place in the autumn, it receives time for adaptation and begins a rapid growth with the first spring drop.

Propagation of pions by seeds

With vegetative reproduction of peonies by dividing the bush you are already familiar. Peonies are bred in other ways, such as seed. But it should be remembered that the seeds of peonies do not always preserve varietal qualities, therefore, as a rule, it is used only by breeders. Yes, and plants grown from seed bloom only in the fourth or fifth year. But if you want to try to bring a new variety, then sow the freshly harvested seeds in August directly into loose soil, and they will germinate next spring.

Reproduction of pions by root cuttings

This is the most reliable way of breeding pions. A small segment of the rhizome with a sleeping kidney is separated from the bush in July, planted, and by September it is already rooting. However, this method does not suit those who are in a hurry: such shoots develop slowly and for the first time they will be able to bloom in five years.

The history of the cultivation of peonies has more than two thousand years, for which a great many varieties and varieties were created. But no matter how much the peonies are transformed, the planting and care in the open field behind them have not undergone major changes since then.

So that year after year to admire lush carved foliage and spectacular flowering, the summer resident will have to master all the subtleties of agricultural engineering and learn the preferences of these amazing ornamental plants.

All species of peonies in nature come from Eurasia and the Americas, represented by herbaceous perennials and subshrubs. In Russian gardens, plants have long proved their unpretentiousness and ability from 10 to 20 years to grow and bloom in one place without a transplant.

Planting peony in autumn - video

We grow beautiful peonies in the garden

Peonies (Latin Paeonia) - decorative garden perennials, characterized by lush and fragrant flowering. In total, there are about 40 species in culture. In modern floriculture, peonies are divided into two groups - grassy, ​​in which the leaves and stems die off every season, and tree-like, preserving the ground part year-round.

Grassy Peony - Grade EDULES SUPERBA

Today, the collection of flower culture consists of more than 5 thousand varieties. About 500 varieties of domestic and foreign breeding are cultivated in Russia.

Yellow Grown Hybrid Peony

These plants reach a height of 60 to 100 cm. They have powerful roots and large leaves of dark green color. There can be a variety of colors and shades: from pure white to burgundy with a white heart.

Peony planting technology

Peonies are very popular among gardeners, due to the variety of colors and delicate scent of flowers. They are quite unpretentious, if desired, any florist can grow them on their site. The main thing is to prepare the ground and land at the right place, following the generally accepted technology.

Multilobe peony variety Dolorodell

Preparing a pit for planting peonies

Peonies grow well on fertile soils, but prefer lightweight loam with good drainage. Seats are prepared in advance - for 15-20 days to the substrate dried up and compacted.

On heavy, clay soils, the pit is prepared 60 cm deep, and on light and loose soil 50 cm, diameter 60 to 70 cm, this depth will allow the bushes to quickly form strong roots that go deep into the soil.

Preparing a landing hole for peonies

When digging a layer of soil in 20 cm lay separately, it is used to fix the plant. The bottom of the pit spread claydite for drainage of water (can be replaced with broken bricks or gravel).

Next, you need to make a lure. To prepare it for 5-6 kg of humus add 300 grams of ash, 100 grams of potassium sulfate, and 100 grams of double superphosphate. For pions, an average acidity is needed, a ph value of 6.5 If it is necessary to deoxidize the soil, add a liter of lime mixture (a kilogram of lime to a bucket of water).

Planting peonies in the fall

The optimal time for planting grassy peonies in open ground is the end of summer and the beginning of autumn (from August 15 to September 5). It is better not to reschedule, as the flower will not have time to settle down before the onset of cold weather.

Planting peonies in open ground

It is important to observe the depth when landing. It is recommended to place the root crops in the pit in this way: the upper bud of the growth of the rhizome should be 3-5 cm below the ground surface.

To comply with the depth of landing should use a special landing board. During the process, the board is set above the pit and, adhering to the intended values, land. If you deepen the flower more, it is fraught with weakness of the plant, which will lead to poor flowering and frequent diseases.

Seedlings are placed in the planting pits, straighten the roots. After falling asleep with a mixture of soil and compost, mixed in equal parts. In this case, the plant is slightly shaken to prevent the formation of voids between the layers of soil mixture.

Flowers peonies - planting and care, photo

When the planting of peonies is completed in the summer, the ground is compacted around the stem. Water, consuming 5-6 liters of water under each bush.

For grassy varieties, the optimal distance between the bushes is 0.8-1.2 meters.

Grassy Peonies: Spring Planting and Care

Start planting in the 2nd decade of April, until the air is warmed above plus 10 grams. Celsius. At elevated temperatures, the kidneys immediately begin to grow, which significantly reduces survival.

Pits for peonies are dug up and prepared in advance as soon as the snow melts. The rest of the procedure is the same as during the autumn-summer landing.

After planting it is necessary to observe the plant and its adaptation. Lower leaves may wither and need to be pinched before they are affected by the disease.

Grass peonies - planting and care, photo

Features of tree peony planting

Tree peonies are classified as tall shrubs growing in height from 1.5-2 meters with straight massive shoots of light brown color. Характеризуется ажурными перистыми листьями и крупными цветками диаметром до 25 см. Зацветает на 10-15 дней раньше травянистого вида, и отличается относительной морозоустойчивостью. При соблюдении правил ухода может выращиваться без пересадки от 20 до 50 лет.

Древовидный пион — посадка и уход в открытом грунте

Производят посадку древовидного пиона по той же технологии, что и травянистого. В основном выбирают период с 1 по 15 сентября. Главное отличие между посадкой растений двух видов заключается в их размерах. For tree peonies, the distance between bushes and to the nearest buildings or other plants should be 1.2–1.5 meters; a hole for them is prepared 10 cm larger in diameter and deeper.

Growing peonies in open field

Planting and caring for peonies is to comply with all the rules of cultivation, the organization of regulatory moisture and aeration of the soil, full dressings, as well as protection against parasites and infections.

Peony care during flowering

Watering and loosening the soil

Peonies are moisture-loving. Especially they need watering during the formation of buds. From April to June, if the summer is hot, watering is organized once a decade, 20 liters per square meter. Due to this periodicity, the plants form good buds of renewal.

During flowering and after it is watered less often - twice a month, but more abundant, contributing to 1 sq. M. planting 40 liters of water. The soil in pristvolnyh circles, as soon as shoots appear, they are constantly kept in loose condition. Loosen the soil carefully, not deep, and not close to the roots, so as not to damage them.

In the first year after planting, young peonies, planting and caring for which does not cause difficulties, practically do not require any additional dressings. During this period, the roots are actively developing, but poorly assimilated mineral fertilizers. It is recommended to produce only foliar dressing with Kemira or Baikal-M complex fertilizers.

In the spring, during the active growth of leaves (April and May), the plants are sprayed with a solution of the drug Agricola, according to the instructions for use. In mid-June, apply Ideal fertilizer (2 tablespoons per bucket of water).

Since the second year of life, the plants are fed systematically. In May, as soon as the leaves begin to bloom, humus or compost is buried in the soil around the bush. As root dressings I use nitrogen fertilizers, for example, urea, diluted in water at the rate of 1 tbsp. on 10 l.

During the formation of peduncles make a liquid organic (preferably mullein) with the addition of 1 tbsp. nitrofoski on a bucket of the working solution. Additionally, leaves and buds are sprayed with Bud, and 1-2 cups of ash are added to the near-stem circles.

After flowering - in early August, the plants are watered with a solution of superphosphate and potassium sulfate, 1 tablespoon each. each in a bucket of water.

Pruning grass and tree peonies

To trim the peonies start 14 days after flowering. Pruning only faded bushes is not recommended, otherwise they will not have time to form buds for flowering next year. Faded peduncles cut off at 15 cm from the ground.

Pruning peonies after flowering

In late autumn, as soon as the first frost strikes, grassy peonies cut off all the stems, leaving cuttings of 10 cm from the ground. Cut leaves and stems are removed and burned. And the soil in pristvolnyh circles sprinkled with humus with ash.

Tree peonies are pruned in spring, in April. Dry and damaged branches are removed, and old ones are shortened by 10 cm. Shoots affected by frost are pruned to a living bud. Once every 10 years they spend rejuvenation of the bush, cutting off all the shoots to the ground.

Pest and disease protection

The main disease of peonies is gray rot, it occurs if the soil beneath them is marshy, damp or sour. The root decay can also be an overabundance of nitrogen-containing substances.

To prevent the disease in April or October, the bushes are sprayed with blue vitriol, 100 g per bucket of water. Before pions are planted in the ground, rhizomes plots for 5 minutes. placed in a solution of the root stimulator Kornevin.

Powdery mildew is another common flower disease. From it, the plants are sprayed with colloidal sulfur, dissolving 40 g of the drug in 10 liters of water.

Powdery Dew on Peony Leaves

Anti-rust treatment with a fungicide Topaz or Bordeaux mixture - 100 g of concentrate is diluted in 10 liters of water.

Most often peonies are plagued by mites, aphids and thrips. To combat them use the following drugs - Fitoverm, Agroverin and Confidor according to the instructions.

Methods and rules for breeding pions

There are several methods by which grassy peonies are bred and propagated; planting and care in the open field are possible regardless of the method chosen. Basically choose the division of the bush and the germination of cuttings, at least - layering.

Seed propagation is used only for the purpose of obtaining new varieties and forms in breeding farms. In horticulture, it is not practiced, since the varietal signs with seeds are practically not transmitted, and flowering occurs only 6-7 years after sowing.

Thus, bushes that have reached the age of 6 are propagated. Vertical otvodki do in April, when they begin to develop the kidneys. During the season, the bush is well cared for: spud with fertile soil, organize frequent watering and good nutrition. At the end of summer, well-developed roots form on the stems.

Carefully, in order not to damage the buds, the shoots, along with the roots, are separated from the mother plant and planted in boxes or a greenhouse. By winter, young plants are sheltered with peat, straw or fir branches. Transplantation to flower beds is carried out in 1-2 years.

By grafting, rare varieties are propagated, when, with an insufficient amount of planting material, many seedlings are needed. Harvest cuttings from plants aged 4 years. From one such bush receive about 15 cuttings, and from older adults - 30-35.

Peony cuttings for breeding

The best time for grafting is the period from the end of May to mid-June. The cut cuttings are incubated for 8 hours in a solution of the root-stimulator Heteroauxin (100 ml per 10 l of water) and planted in a hotbed or greenhouse.

Dividing bush

The division of the root system is the most effective way, with the help of which one can not only propagate, but also rejuvenate peonies growing in one place for more than 8 years. The best period for dividing a peony bush is from August 15 to September 5.

Pion multiplication by dividing

The overgrown shrub is first digged with a shovel, trying not to hurt a single root, and carefully removed from the ground. The rhizome is cleaned from the earth coma by hands, if the soil is stuck a lot, it is washed off with water from a watering can.

Next, the peonies are left for 3-4 hours in a dry and sunny place, so that the roots dry out and share more easily. Immediately before dividing the shoots are shortened to a height of 10-15 cm from the ground. Using a peg, the bush is divided into two halves.

These areas are divided with a knife first into large delenki, and then into smaller ones with several buds, in the places of the plexus of the roots. At the same time trying to save as much as possible of young roots, grown from rhizomes.

The divided parts are placed in a growth stimulator solution for 8 hours and planted in previously prepared planting pits.

When and how should peonies be transplanted

Garden peonies do not require frequent transplants. They painfully transfer the move to a new place, to which they can adapt for 2-3 years. Transplanted plants in case of emergency: improper or shallow planting, lack of flowering or shallowing. Every ten years the bushes are seated by dividing the roots.

Peony Transplant in the Fall

Begin the process in August or September. Shrub gently dug together with earthen clod. The soil is washed off with water from a watering can or hose. Treated plants inspect, removing the sick, and shortening long roots. The slices are treated with a 1% solution of potassium permanganate and powdered with crushed coal.

Preparation of peonies for the winter season

Regardless of the type and climatic conditions, peonies, aged from planting to 3 years old, need shelter for the winter. Older bushes can not cover, and just mumulirovat dry peat or humus.

Shelter grassy peonies for the winter

Construct a shelter for grassy varieties begin as soon as a stable subzero temperature is established. Clipped shoots spud loose soil or peat layer of 10 cm.

In the northern regions, the layer of mulch is increased to 20 cm. The formed mound is additionally covered with fir spruce, straw or sawdust. In the spring shelter removed.

Tree peonies harbor more carefully. First, the stems are tied with a twine. Low young bushes are covered with spruce leaves, burlap or covering material. From above, in order to protect the plant from wind and snow, a hut is made of spruce branches or branches of fruit trees after pruning.

Tall shrubs are also tied up. Around the plant set the frame of wood. The fence must necessarily correspond to the size of the bush or be slightly above it. The space between the frame and the plant is covered with dry foliage.

Gorgeous flowers, peonies, planting and caring for which are available even to a novice gardener without special skills, will decorate any garden. Adhere to the data in the article recommendations, provide the plants with appropriate care, and in a few years your garden will be decorated with abundant and lush flowering of beautiful peonies.

Peonies, one of the most popular ornamental plants, will become a magnificent decoration of any garden. Their spectacular bright flowers with a delicate aroma look great against a background of dark green leaves.

Thanks to unpretentiousness, longevity and frost resistance of peonies, even a beginning grower can grow these beautiful flowers.

Planting pions in the open field (photo)

How to choose a place in the garden for peonies

To determine where to plant these flowers correctly in your area, it is important to know the following nuances:

1. Perennial peonies can be grown in a permanent place without a transplant for several years. However, despite the simplicity, to get lush flowering still need to take into account some of the nuances when planting pions in open ground. It is undesirable to plant them along the fences, walls of buildings, as they need space and good lighting.

In the shade, peonies stretch out, flower stalks bend under the weight of flowers and break. Most often in such conditions, the plant ceases to bloom at all.

If you plant peonies on the south side of the plot, the flowers will quickly fade in the sun. Therefore, the best option for their placement would be open slightly shaded areas, protected from the wind,

2. According to the soil composition, light loams with a weakly acid reaction (pH 5.5-6.5) are optimal for pions. Before planting, heavy clay soils must be “ennobled” - add coarse sand, dolomite flour or lime (1 kg / m2). If sandy loam prevails on the site, clay is added to it. In both cases, rotted manure or compost is introduced to increase the fertility of the soil,

3. Depth of groundwater: at a high level (1 m and above) it is necessary to drain the site.

Terms of landing peonies

Peonies are planted mostly in the fall, and in rare cases in the spring. The optimal landing time is from the second half of August to the second week of September. Before the onset of frost, saplings will have time to grow young sucking roots and get stronger.

In the spring, peonies are planted after the snow melts, before they start to grow in buds. If you plant already with awakened buds, then such a plant will lag behind in development from seedlings planted in the fall.

How to propagate peonies

For reproduction of pions there are several ways.

Seed method used in breeding to obtain new varieties. In addition, plants grown from seeds do not retain the varietal signs of "parents" and bloom for 6-7 years of vegetation.

Layering You can multiply adult flourishing bushes. To this end, as the shoots grow during the season, the bush spuds up to 30–4 cm in height 2-3 times, watered and fed abundantly.

Peony bush

The buds on such stems are removed. Such activities will give the plant the opportunity to plant flower and vegetative buds and form thin roots on the lower part of the stems. At the end of August, the land around the shoots is carefully raked, separated from the mother plant and transplanted into a box or greenhouse. In the winter they are covered with mulch (straw, peat). They are planted on flowerbeds in a year.

Cuttings breed rare varieties. In this case, with one plant you can get a lot of planting material (15-35 cuttings). Harvesting is carried out with the bushes older than 4 years for 10-15 days before the start of flowering. The optimal period for grafting is the end of May - the middle of June. Each cutting should have 2 internodes.

Scheme cutting cuttings of peony stalks

For better rooting, the cuttings are kept for 7-8 hours in a solution of heteroauxin or root, and then planted obliquely into a greenhouse at a depth of 3-4 cm and at a distance of 7-10 cm from each other. The first 10-15 days they are sprayed 3 times a day. Rooting occurs in 1.5-2 months. Before hibernation, the seedlings are mulched with peat, sawdust, shavings, and cut straw.

Dividing bush - the simplest and most effective method of breeding pions. The best period for this is from August 15 to September 10. Divide the bushes that grow in one place for more than 8 years. This procedure also rejuvenates them.

The selected plant is digging up from all sides with garden forks (the trauma of the roots will be the least than with a shovel) and carefully pull the bush out of the ground. From the rhizomes shake off the ground, and its remnants are washed off with water from a watering can or hose. After that, the dug bush is left to dry in a dry place for 3-5 hours. Before dividing the tops pruned to 10-15 cm.

The rhizome is divided into parts so that each of them has 2-3 buds of growth on the root collar and at least 15 cm long roots. The incisions on the roots are powdered with charcoal powder and left to dry. Then they are planted in a prepared place.

Peony bush division

Care for peonies in the open field (photo)

Even a novice in floriculture can take care of peonies. In the period of active growth in spring, budding and flowering peonies need constant abundant watering. At one bush spend 1-2 buckets of water at a time. Peonies are watered every 10 days until the end of summer. After watering the ground in pristvolny circles loosened.

Peonies love good nutrition, which differs according to the age of the plants.

Young peonies (up to 3 years) when planting which nutrients were added to the landing pits, do not need additional root feeding. To increase the leaf mass in the spring during the emergence of shoots can be sprayed with a solution of complex fertilizers. After 2 weeks, repeat.

If the planting technology has been violated, then feeding will have to start in the first year of the growing season. In April, planting pions is watered with a solution of mullein (1:10) with the addition of 200 g of superphosphate and 300 g of wood ash. Instead of this "cocktail" you can use nitrophoska (100g / m2). The second feeding is carried out in mid-May. For the third time (in mid-June) phosphorus and potassium-containing preparations are introduced.

In adults, flowering peonies nutritional need is different. In the spring they need nitrogen and potassium. As such substances, ammonium nitrate and potassium sulphate (60g / m2) can be scattered around bushes. The second time the plants are fed in the period of budding with complex fertilizers (Kemira-Universal, Agricola, etc.). After flowering, peonies are watered with a solution of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.

Important! All additional feeding is done after watering the plants (with the exception of those scattered over the snow).

Peduncles peonies have several buds. To achieve larger flowers, side buds are plucked out. Due to this, the central flower will be large. Often the stems do not withstand the weight of the blossomed inflorescences and lean to the ground. Therefore, it is necessary to install a circular support around the bush in order to avoid its collapse.

Example of circular support for peony bushes

Periodically remove faded flower heads.

After the plant has completely faded and loses its decorative effect, it would not be desirable, but it is not necessary to cut the tops. During this period, the pions begin laying new buds, and the presence of leaves for photosynthesis is very important at this time.

Only in the fall, when there will be a massive yellowing of the ground part of the bush, it is cut to 10-15 cm from the ground level.

After that, young plants are mulched with peat or chopped straw. Adult plants do not need shelter.