Ledeburia has a beneficial effect on indoor air, refreshing, cleansing, disinfecting and saturating it with oxygen. The plant does not cause allergies, so it can safely be placed in the nursery. For animals, it is also absolutely safe.
Care must be taken when transplanting, as the flower bulb can cause severe irritation of the skin of the hands.
Drimiopsis is often mistaken for euharis. These two plants are very similar and determine exactly who is who is possible when the drimiopsis blooms. In addition, the leaves of Ledeburia are not as large as those of euharis.
How does bloom?
Ledeburia has thick glossy leaves of a heart-shaped or oval shape with a pointed end and slightly corrugated edges, assembled in a rosette. The color of the leaves is green, some species have darker spots and dots. Drawing on them becomes noticeable only with sufficient illumination, in the fall it slowly fades and disappears until spring.
Sheet plate 15-20 cm long, elongated petioles - about 10 cm, and peduncles - 50 cm.
In one inflorescence of drimiopsis, from 10 to 30 small (about 5 mm in diameter) flowers are collected, having a green-white, gray-pink or cream color and a light pleasant aroma. Inflorescences bloom all at once, but gradually, so the flowering period lasts 2-3 months.
In its natural environment, drimiopsis blooms in spring or summer, and at home - the whole year, except for the rest period.
Signs and superstitions
Drimiopsis is not the most common plant, however, several superstitions are associated with it:
- it is considered if the dark spots from the green leaves of the drimiopsis disappeared not in the winter, as usual, but in spring or summer, we can talk about the evil eye or damage that the plant feels.
- calms the nervous system of households, stops quarrels, promotes mutual understanding. Especially beneficial effects on those born under the sign of Pisces.
- Ledeburia helps to achieve harmony in space, sets up a peaceful way for all who visit the house.
- adversely affects unwanted and dangerous guests, causing them to experience anxiety, fear and a desire to leave faster.
Comfortable temperature for drimiopsis in spring and summer is + 20-25 ° C. The plant can withstand and + 30-35 ° C, but then it needs to be watered more often and more abundantly.
In winter, when the flower has a resting period, the temperature is better to lower to +14 ° C, but not lower: if the thermometer drops to +10 ° C, the bulb will die.
If the drimiopsis will be at elevated temperatures throughout the year, flowering may not occur or will be short.
Lighting and comfortable place
It depends on the saturation of the color of the leaves and the presence of decorative spots and dots on them.
It takes a lot of bright and diffused light. The plant withstands direct sunlight, but on very hot days it is better to shade it, in order to avoid burns on the leaves.
Ledeburia stretches to the sun, so in order to avoid twisting the flower to one side, the pot with it should be rotated relative to the light once a week.
The most suitable place for drimiopsis is the window sill of the south-west or southeast window. Also, the plant can be on the south window or balcony, if it shade or slightly move the pot so that it does not fall on the hottest rays of the sun.
In the summer, you can set ledeburia to a loggia, balcony or veranda.
It is necessary to protect the plant from drafts, while ensuring constant airing.
The plant tolerates the shadow well, but in this case, the stalks of its leaves will stretch, the spotting will almost completely disappear from the leaf plates and the drimiopsis will lose its decorative appearance.
If ledeburia is used to being in the shade, you need to gradually accustom it to bright light.
Care in the dormant period
Winter for Drimiopsis - time to rest. Starting in the fall, the leaves lose their spotting, turn yellow, then fall off completely or partially.
Watering during this period should be carefully, reducing the regularity to 1 time in 14 days. The lower the air temperature, the less often you need to water the flower. It is best to focus on the humidity of the soil - its underground part should not dry out. Plant preferences for light do not change. Soil temperature requires special attention - it is often very cold.
You can begin to bring the flower out of rest in mid-February - early March, gradually increasing the watering and increasing the temperature.
What pot does a plant need?
Due to the fact that the root system of ledeburia is little developed and children are reluctant to form, the capacity for planting should not be chosen as a deep volume, this will increase the risk of bulbs rotting and will suspend the growth of the ground part of the plant.
It is better to choose a wide flat pot, in which there should be drainage holes, so that the bulbs do not rot. From materials it is desirable to use natural ceramics because of its ability to pass air, but perlite, vermiculite, fine gravel or expanded clay will do as well.
You can buy drimiopsis in flower shops or order via the Internet, the cost varies from 280 to 700 p.
After purchase, you need to put it in quarantine for 2-3 weeks. You should not immediately put in the sun - to accustom the plant to proper lighting is necessary gradually.
What is needed primer?
Drimiopsisu requires a loose, nutritious soil that can retain moisture and pass air well, which has close to neutral acidity.
You can buy ready-made soil for bulbous plants. To make the soil looser, sand or peat with perlite is added to it.
Earth can be made independently, for this you need:
- mix in equal parts of sheet, sod, humus soil and coarse sand,
- add a fifth of peat,
- add a tablespoon of crushed charcoal to a liter of the resulting mixture.
There are several ways to tillage the soil:
- calcine or steam the prepared substrate,
- process it with natural disinfectants, such as an aqueous solution of coniferous concentrate,
- use special biological products, such as “Gumat EM” or “Baikal”,
- chemicals, for example, "Gamair", "Aktara", "Fundazol" are undesirable to use, but sometimes you can not do without them.
The optimal time for a transplant is the beginning or middle of spring.
Drimiopsis under the age of 3 years are transplanted annually, each time increasing the diameter of the flowerpot by 2-3 cm, bulbs, which are 3-5 years old - once every 2 years, then - once every 3-4 years. Cases where a transplant is needed:
- maternal onion and kids have grown a lot,
- rotting of the bulbs due to abundant watering,
- root rot,
- the appearance of white deposits on the soil due to insufficient drainage layer.
Stages of transplantation:
- carefully remove the bulbs from the old soil, rinse with water, cut off all damaged parts with a sterile knife,
- separate babies
- soak the planting material in the Epin solution for 30–60 minutes,
- put the drainage on the bottom of the pot so that it occupies a third of the tank,
- fill in the soil and place the bulb in the middle of the tank,
- sprinkle planting material, leaving the top of the bulb above the ground,
- tamp and water the soil.
The next watering can be made only after 7 days, afterwards continue to continue as usual.
It is possible to plant drimiopsis by rooting of daughter bulbs, with a leaf and seeds.
Depending on the method, the procedure will require:
- rubber gloves, so drimiopsis bulbs irritate the skin of the hands,
- iodine, brilliant green, cinnamon powder,
- landing tanks
- water for irrigation
- spray gun.
Rooting of daughter bulbs
This is the easiest way to get a new drimiopsis. For this you need:
- carefully separate the planting material
- fill the small containers prepared in advance with moistened dredge from fertile turf, leaf soil and coarse sand (wet sphagnum moss can be used),
- plant the bulbs, providing them with bright diffused light and a temperature not lower than +25 ° C,
- moisten the substrate every 2-3 days,
- 2-3 weeks later, roots will appear, and once they reach a length of 3–4 cm, they can be transplanted into ordinary soil.
Getting plants from leaf
This method is only suitable for Kirk's Drimiopsis.
- you need to gently pull out the sheet, leaving a white base on the stem,
- petiole placed in a shallow container with a mixture of peat and sand, mixed in equal parts,
- no need to water
- containers with petioles placed in the greenhouse,
- provide lower heating and a temperature of +22 ° C,
- every 3-4 days spray the substrate
- to air the greenhouse every day for 5 minutes
- roots will appear after 3 weeks or a month
- after that, you need to wait about 10 days and transplant the cuttings into pots with a mixture of sod, leaf earth and sand,
- at the first opportunity, you should transplant flowers into the soil for adult plants.
Drimiopsis is photophilous plant, which shows all its beauty only in good light, which reveals the beauty of its leaves. However, in the summer it must be insulated from direct sunlight.
Comfortable temperature for this plant during the period of active growth in the summer should be not below 25 degrees. In winter, it is recommended to lower the temperature to 15 degrees.
That care of a plant was optimum, drimiopsis should be sprayed from time to time to moisten it and wipe its leaves with a soft, damp cloth.
In summer, drymiopsis should be moistened regularly, but only moderately. If due to adverse weather conditions the soil dries out, it is recommended to water the plant with filtered, settled water.
With the onset of autumn, the moistening dose is reduced. In winter, these activities are held as seldom and very carefully as possible to avoid stagnant moisture.
Drimiopsis as a houseplant requires fertilizer, like many bulbous species, every two weeks. If there is no specialized fertilizer for care, then you can use a feed for cacti.
To transplant the plant, the soil mixture must be selected so that it is fairly light and saturated. In its composition must be present several types of soils:
All soils should be in the same proportions so that the conditions for drimiopsis are optimal.
When landing the spotted drimiopsis, it will be useful to place the crushed charcoal.
If the gardener adheres to the rules of caring for the plant while it is at rest, you can count on regular flowering.
Pests and diseases
The main threat to spotty drimiopsis are shield and spider mite. In order to rid the plant of scutes, it should be treated with insecticides. And for the destruction of spider mites, it is necessary to treat its leaves with diluted soap.
Also during the care of spotted drimiopsis, the following should be considered:
- If drimiopsis is observed leaf rot, the reason for this is most likely lies in the overwetting, which was the beginning of the rotting of the bulbs, and then the leaves.
- If your pot pet starts leaves lose color, begin to stretch, losing their characteristic shape and for a long time do not appear spotting, here the reason lies in the lack of light.
The origin and description of Drimiopsis
Drimiopsis is native to the tropical forests of Southern and Eastern Africa, and is found in Tanzania, Zanzibar and Kenya. This bulbous perennial, a characteristic feature of which are green leafy plates with dark spots.
In nature, drimiopsis grows in small clumps in the shade of trees.
Nondescript buds, painted in various shades of white, are collected in small inflorescences in the form of spikelets. Flowers exude a pleasant sweetish aroma.
Drimiopsis bush is formed with the formation of a small outlet. Leaves growing on short petioles, tightly wrapped at the base of the plant. As they grow, they are drawn out, along with the stalks. The flower has oblong bulbs, painted in green tone. They are not fully immersed in the soil and with the growth of drimiopsis pushed to the surface of the substrate.
The people Drimiopsis received the nickname "white soldier" for small inflorescences that appear in the spring. And some gardeners call it the “leopard plant” for its characteristic spotted leaf color.
Drimiopsis flowers are inconspicuous, painted in various shades of white and gathered in inflorescences
During the dormant period, some species of drimiopsis do not have spots (they appear with the beginning of active growth in spring), because of this they are often confused with another representative of Liliacevet - euharis. However, the latter leaves are larger and painted in a darker shade. Onions of euharis sit deep in the ground, while at drimiopsis they eventually appear above the surface.
The plant with a lighter leaf color is drimiopsis (left), with a darker euharis (right).
Species grown as a pot culture
Botanists have described about 20 plant species, but only two are grown as a pot culture.
- Drimiopsis Kirk. Bulbous view. Bulb shape oval. Leaves dense, oblong. The color of leafy plates is saturated green with dark patches on the surface and a grayish tint from the inside. The size of the outlet is 20–30 cm. The pedicle height is about 40 cm. The inflorescences are spikelets small and inconspicuous.
Drimiopsis spotted,speckled or bortiovidny. Deciduous bulbous plant with dense leathery leaves in the shape of a heart. Leaf blades are located on short petioles and are painted in a bright green shade with dark rounded specks and spots. Peduncles long with spike-shaped inflorescence, consisting of small cream or white flowers. In autumn, during the period of dormancy in spotty spotted drimiopsis, the leaves become monotonous. And in the spring spots appear again.
Types of drimiopsis
Drimiopsis Kirk bulbous species with a stable state of rest. Bulb shape oval, light. The leaves of the plant are dense, oblong oval. The color of the leaves is deep green with dark patches on the surface of the leaf. On the inside, the leaves have a grayish tint. Pedicle about 40 cm tall. Inflorescences are small, light in the form of ears. Flowering occurs from spring to autumn.
Drimiopsis spotted or mottledThis is a perennial species breeding bulbs. It has bulbs of elongated shape, green, not completely immersed in the soil. The leaves resemble a heart shape and are slightly elongated. The length of the sheet is 12 cm, width is about 7 cm, green with distinctive spots with corrugated edging.
Flowering is white, yellow, cream-colored with a slight pleasant smell. Inflorescences resemble a brush in shape. Flowering occurs in spring - summer. At rest, flows into the autumn-winter period. At this time, the flower drops part of the leaves. In autumn in the period of dormancy in the plant, sometimes the leaves become the same color. And in the spring spotting begins to appear again.
Drimiopsis home care
The light-loving plant drimiopsis shows all its charm of leaves, only in good light. But in the summer season, it is necessary to remove the drimiopsis from direct sunlight.
The temperature for a plant during active growth, in summer, should be about 25 degrees. In the winter, when the state of quiescence passes, the temperature must be reduced to 15 degrees.
Drimiopsis sometimes needs splashing and wiping the foliage with a damp cloth.
In the summer, the plant is moistened moderately, constantly, if necessary, drying the soil, filtered, with settled water. Since autumn, moisture is reduced, and in winter it is extremely rare and cautious to prevent moisture stagnation.
The houseplant drimiopsis needs fertilizer for the bulbs once every 14 days. Also, suitable feeding for cacti.
The soil mixture for replanting plants requires a rich and light. It should include sod soil, leaf, humus and sand in equal proportions. When planting in the ground is better to put small charcoal.
Adhere to the rules of care while the plant is at rest and then the flowering will be regular.
Drimiopsis Pickaxe breeding cuttings
In the Kiry Drimiopsis, breeding can be done by leaf cuttings. The leaf must be cut to a length of about 6 cm. The cuttings are placed in sand with a temperature of about 22 degrees.
After adaptation and rooting of the plant, transplanted into a container at a permanent place.
Plants that are not yet three years old should be transplanted every year into the pot more by 3-4 centimeters. Large adults are transplanted once every three years, as needed.
Ёмкость лучше использовать широкую и с минимальной глубиной. На днище улаживаем дренаж, чтобы луковицы не подвергались гниению.
Болезни и вредители
- Основной угрозой является spider mite и щитовка. To eliminate the shield must be treated with insecticides. And in order to destroy the tick, it is necessary to treat the leaves with a liquid from laundry soap.
- If a drimiopsis leaves rotThe reason, most likely in the overmoistening of the plant, it was the beginning of the rotting of the bulbs, and then the leaves.
- If a drimiopsis leaves lose their colorare stretched and spotting does not appear, then the reason is insufficient lighting.
Drimiopsis, ledeburia, scilla - the same thing?
A case that is not uncommon in biology when the same plant was found and described in completely different places, but almost simultaneously. However, he was given different names, which subsequently led to a confusion of classification. This flower culture has two official names - ledeburia and drimiopsis. There is a third - Scylla, but it can rather be attributed to the people, although in 50-60 years. last century, it was commonly used in biological reference books and textbooks. All three names can be considered synonymous, and minor distinctive features should be attributed to the varietal characteristics.
Ledeburia is a perennial that blooms almost all year round, initially attributed to the Lily family. Subsequently, its status was revised and attributed to the Asparagus. Inflorescence is white, sometimes with beige, greenish and yellow shades, collected from 20-30 buds in a brush or ear. It has a small, usually no more than 2 cm in diameter onion, which can have almost superficial location and is prone to overgrowth and the formation of extensive clumps. Leathery leaves, elongated, with a variegated color - green spots or stripes on a silver background. In the lower part are most often monotonous.
Poisonous or not?
Contrary to popular belief, drimiopsis is not poisonous. Moreover, there were no cases of allergy to it in humans or animals. At the same time, the bulb contains juice, which can cause a burning sensation when it comes into contact with the skin, and the plant itself was named because of the similarity with the nautical drimaia and translated as “sharp”. It is better to work with him in gloves. Drimiopsis has no contraindications for growing at home. On the contrary, like all indoor plants, it has the beneficial property of purifying the air and releasing oxygen.
Turn the pot with the plant once a week by about 1/3 of a turn, this will give a beautiful uniform crown.
Drimiopsis Kirk or Leburia Botrious
Perennial up to 40 cm in height with a round white onion. Leaves up to 5 cm in width, pointed at the end, reach a length of 35 cm. Petioles are small or absent. Inflorescences spiciform, with a faint pleasant aroma. Flowering occurs in spring and summer. By the end of autumn, a part of the foliage is lost, and the remaining ones grow dull and lose their color brightness up to monotony. This should not be a concern, as the plant is preparing for the rest phase.
Drimiopsis spotted or pedicle ledeburia
Unlike the previous species, the leaves are planted on fairly long, up to 15 cm, stalks. Blooms a couple of months later and can bloom until October. White flowers have a yellowish or gray tint. After flowering, it also begins to lose its variegation and prepare for a rest period. Solid leaves soon begin to fall off. In spring, the bulbs will release new ones with the same color.
Selection and illumination
Bright light is the main condition for the colorful diversity of Ledeburia. Shading from direct sun is necessary only in the hottest weather; at other times, it calmly transfers even an open location. With a lack of light, it will also grow and is unlikely to get sick, however, it will not give such a beautiful color. The best place is a table near the western window or its window sill. In the heat the best place will be the north window. But by and large ledeburia will survive everywhere.
After a transplant, purchase, change of premises or prolonged overcast weather, the plant needs to stay in partial shade for acclimatization.
Normal room temperature will be quite comfortable for this flower. It will benefit him and the usual winter fall, except when heating is working at full strength and the room becomes even hotter than in summer. Such conditions do not like the absolute majority of plants from the home collection, and lebeburia is no exception. The lower limit is + 8C.
You need to water the plant no more often than the earthen room begins to dry. Waterlogging of the soil leads to rotting of the bulb, which can be avoided by high-quality arrangement of drainage. As soon as the drimiopsis begins to lose its variegation in the color of the leaves, watering should be reduced so that it calmly enters the resting phase. In winter, watering is carried out no more than 1 time per week (and less often), but not allowing complete drying of the soil. Simply keep it in a slightly moist state.
Poor watering plant tolerates better than too abundant.
There are no requirements for humidity in the premises; drimiopsis does not impose any additional efforts in this regard. But its leaves like cleanliness, therefore from time to time they need to be wiped with a damp sponge. It tolerates spraying well, but you should not do them more often 1 time per week.
The soil should be of medium density, i.e. moderately loose, with a pH of about 6 units. If the earth is too dense, clay, it is recommended to add peat with perlite or add coarse sand. Perfect ready storefloor, intended for bulbous, or sod land. Arrangement of drainage is mandatory, even if it will be at least a large hole in the bottom of the pot.
Lebebury should be low and wide as the bulbs form extensive clumps.
The set of minerals that the plant loves is typical of cacti, so you can buy ready-made complexes for both bulbous and cacti. Bring feeding in the spring and summer, 1-2 times a month. By the fall, it is gradually reduced, and during the rest period it is completely stopped. If you continue to feed lebeburia, it will not rest and will not give flowering.
Young specimens should be transplanted annually, for adults it is enough to do this once every 3 years. Young onions as they grow literally push the old one to the surface. In this form, it does not lose its vitality, but can no longer give either beautiful leaves or a flower stalk. During transplantation, it dredges almost completely, but still remains close to the surface.
It is desirable to choose a dish from ceramics, it passes the air the plant needs, and always with a large drainage hole. It is advisable to make a drainage layer as far as the height of the dishes allows. Since the bulbous root system is located superficially, there is no need for a large thickness of the soil layer. Usually the transplant is combined with the division of curtain.
Transplantation of blooming drimiopsis is undesirable, the procedure is best carried out in the spring, as soon as warm days are established.
The process is usually combined with a transplant, it comes at the beginning of spring. The plant is well watered the day before transplanting, then removed from the pot and gently break open the onions. Sometimes it is advisable to use a sharp knife to separate the roots, in order not to accidentally deprive one of the children of the root part. If she herself remains intact, then the problem is not critical. Damaged when dividing places need to be powdered with crushed wood or activated charcoal. Next, planting delenok carried out according to the usual rules for this culture.
A healthy young leaf is separated from the parent plant along with the stem as low as possible, at the very bulb. Root it first, either in a glass with water, or in a mixture of peat with perlite or turf with sand. If there is a need to obtain several copies from a single sheet, its plate is cut into small fragments while preserving the central vein (4-5 cm). Can also be cut into pieces and petiole. Fragments of the sheet are placed on a moist nutrient substrate and pressed against the glass. The cuttings are simply sunk halfway into the ground. The glass is periodically lifted to prevent the formation of mold, and at the first signs of rooting is removed completely.
Pests and diseases
With the high resistance of the drimiopsis to pests, it can still be affected by the sheath and the spider mite. If there is a danger of infection, soap or alcohol spraying (50% solution) will serve as a good prevention. If the infection has already occurred, you will have to buy insecticides (for example, Bankol or Actellis). Most of them have a strong smell, this question should be checked with the seller or sprayed outside the premises. As for diseases, in the absolute majority it is caused by errors in the care of drimiopsis.
The plant is very attractive for cats. They can cause him great damage - jump on him, break, gnaw stalks and leaves. If there are cats in the house, you need to take care of the inaccessibility of the flower.
Possible growing problems
The culture usually tolerates small mistakes and omissions in care; in this respect, it can not be attributed to capricious colors. But some errors can cause visible changes.
- The blackening of the petioles indicates the rotting of the bulb. Regardless of the season and the growth phase, the plant is transplanted with a full revision of the bulb and the removal of its damaged parts.
- The petioles become too long and thin, and the leaves turn pale and thinner as well. The flower lacks light.
- If the drimiopsis leaves turn yellow throughout their area, this indicates a lack of watering. But, if this happens in winter or late autumn, this is a normal process and does not require intervention.
- The rotting of part of the sheet is due to excessive watering.
- The appearance of white bloom on the soil is a sign of souring and excessive moisture. Most likely, the drainage layer is poorly made or missing. A transplant is required.
- The plant does not leave the state of rest. There is no exact time when the rest phase should end. Perhaps it later retired due to conditions of detention, or simply did not rest due to elevated temperatures or feeding. In any case, you need to wait for some signs of awakening until mid-spring, and then check the status of the root system.
You will be interested in:
Drimiopsis blooms with white flowers, collected in the ear.
You can distinguish them by the characteristic flowering characteristic of Drimiopsis - white flowers, collected in an ear that rises above the leaves on a long shoot. Among the few species of this plant, 2 species received the greatest popularity: Drimiopsis spotted and Drimiopsis Kirk.
Drimiopsis maculata - photo and description.
Drimiopsis maculata Drimiopsis spotty - bulbous perennial. This species comes from Tanzania. It has oblong leaves in the shape of a heart with characteristic spots on them. It has elongated bulbs. The leaves are arranged on long shoots up to 15 cm in length, collected in the bush. Flowering period from August to September. Rest period from December to February. During this period inIt is possible not only a change in the color of leaves on a single color, but also leaf fall.. Coming out of the rest period, Drimyopsis spotted again increases the leaf mass of the spotted color.
What is Kirk's Drimiopsis?
Drimiopsis Kirkii Drimiopsis Kirk - bulbous plant. Originally from East Africa. The bulbs in this species of Drimiopsis are round white in color, and not elongated, as in a representative of the previous species. The leaves are lanceolate, fleshy and dense on short petioles, which are often almost invisible. Grow a bush and form a large, up to 40 centimeters, outlet. Flowering period from March to September. Flowers are similar to the previous form, but have a slightly pinkish tint. The peduncle itself has a length of 20 to 40 cm. Rest period brightly pronounced. Kirk, in contrast to Drimiopsis spotted, does not shed leaves and does not lose spotty coloring of leaves.
Where to put Drimiopsis. Proper lighting and location.
Drimiopsis is not too picky about the lighting, it can be put deep into the room. But, its appearance depends on lighting. When there is insufficient light, the leaf spot disappears and its decorative properties are lost. A bright but diffused light is needed for Drimiopsis.. That is why, the ideal location for it is the south or east window.
How to water Drimiopsis. Spraying and humidity.
Watering Drimiopsis should be carried out carefully to avoid rotting bulbs. The earth lump should have time to dry at least 2-3 centimeters deep. After that, you can water it again. During the growing season and flowering Drimiopsis should be watered 2 times a week. In autumn and winter watering is reduced, and spend once in 2 weeks, making sure that the earthen room doesn’t dry out much. Equally suitable for Drimiopsis and dry and moist air. However he responds positively to spraying once a week. You can also wipe its leaves with a damp cloth from dust.
The requirement for the soil for Drimiopsis. Transplant and fertilizer.
Drimiopsis soil suitable for ordinary for bulbous plants. The main requirement is the ground should be loose. To do this, you can add already in the finished soil perlite in the ratio of 2: 1. If you wish, you can prepare the ground yourself. In this case, you will need - sod land, leaf earth, peat and coarse sand. All this must be mixed in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 1. Capacity it is necessary to choose rather wide than deep with holes in the bottom.
How to propagate Drimiopsis Kirk?
Drimiopsis Kirk can be propagated by leaves. Carefully remove the leaf from the bulb with the stem. Place this sheet in water or peat with perlite. In addition, fleshy leaves can be cut into plates of 5-6 centimeters in length and also placed in peat - each process must take root.
Drimiopsis leaves grow onions.
Video - how does spotty breed reproduce?
Spotted Drimiopsis propagated by seed or bulb division. At home, the second method is most often used. When transplanting in the spring of the mother plant, it is necessary to separate the daughter bulbswhich had time to grow and put them in a separate pot.
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description of species
- 3. Care
- 3.1. How to grow
- 3.2. Watering and feeding
- 3.3. Transfer
- 3.4. Breeding
- 4. Pests and Diseases
- 4.1. Diseases and their treatment
- 4.2. Pests and control of them
- 5. Signs and superstitions
Drimiopsis Kirki Drimiopsis Kirk
or Leburia botrioides (Ledebouria botryoides) -evergreen bulbous plant originally from the tropics of East Africa. Its bulb is white, rounded, the leaves are lanceolate, tapering towards the base, up to 40 cm long and 5 cm wide. On top, they are light green in darker spots, the bottom is greyish green. From March to September, Drimiopsis Kirk blooms with small white flowers that bloom on peduncles from 20 to 40 cm in height.
or petiolata ledeburia (Ledebouria petiolata) grows in Africa, which extends from the Cape region to Natal. it deciduous perennial bulbous plant with heart-oval, green in dark spots leaves up to 12 and up to 7 cm wide, located on fifteen-centimeter petioles. The plant blooms from April to July with small white flowers. In winter, spotted drimiopsis enters a state of rest and sheds leaves. This type belongs to highly decorative plants for warm rooms.
Caring for a spotty drimiopsis differs from Kirk's drimyopsis care mainly because a deciduous plant needs a period of rest, and evergreen ledeburia goes without rest.
How to grow Drimiopsis at home.
To maintain the decorativeness at a high level, drimiopsis requires a bright diffused light. The plant is well tolerated by direct sunlight, but in the summer afternoon it needs shading.
During the period of active growth, the optimum temperature in the room should be about 25 ˚C, but in winter the plant that is resting needs coolness, that is, the temperature is not higher than 15 ˚C.
So that the crown of drimiopsis develops symmetrically, the pot with the plant is rotated around the axis once a week by a third of a turn.
Watering and fertilizing drimiopsis.
From spring to autumn, that is, during the growing season, ledeburia is watered regularly as the top layer of the substrate dries. In the fall, watering is reduced, and in winter, the plant, resting in a cool room, is watered occasionally and very carefully. The principle of irrigation remains the same: the substrate is moistened as soon as it dries to a depth of 3-4 cm.
Humidity of air for ledeburia does not play a significant role, therefore, rubbing leaves with a damp sponge is primarily hygienic character.
During the growing season, the drimiopsis flower is fed with solutions of mineral complexes for bulbous plants or for cacti twice a month. In winter, drimiopsis do not need dressing.
Drimiopsis diseases and their treatment.
В основном растение дримиопсис к болезням устойчиво, однако если вы не будете строго контролировать его полив, то в результате луковицы дримиопсиса могут поражаться патогенными грибками, провоцирующими развитие корневой гнили или красного ожога (стаганоспороза). Соблюдайте умеренность в увлажнении грунта, особенно если дримиопсис проводит период покоя в прохладном помещении. At the first signs of a fungal disease, remove the bulb from the pot and cut off all the rotting areas with a sharp sterile instrument, grabbing a portion of healthy tissue. Then hold the bulb in Trichodermine or Glyocladin solution and plant it in a fresh, decontaminated substrate.
Sometimes plants get in trouble because of noncompliance with the conditions of detention or rules of care. For example, when there is insufficient light, the leaves may turn pale and lose their spotty pattern, while their petioles painfully stretch out.
Drimiopsis pests and control.
Among the pests, scale insects, spider mites, aphids, and mealybugs are dangerous for ledeburia.
Mealybugs look like dirty-white lumps of cotton between the scales of the bulbs and on the leaves of the plant. A sign of the presence of a pest on drimiopsis is the substrate leaving the walls of the pot and the wax-like formations on the leaves of the plant are a waste product of pests. If they are found, remove them from the ledeburia with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol, then wipe the leaves with any alcohol tincture, and after 20 minutes, wash them with clean water. Of the chemical preparations, they work well with the Tanrek and Mospilan worms, with solutions of which the drimiopsis is treated on leaves 4-5 times with an interval of 2 weeks.
Aphids are very difficult to detect immediately due to the fact that it settles on the underside of the leaves. However, this small insect breeds at an incredible pace, and after a short time its presence becomes obvious: beige dots appear on the leaves - prokus spots, and insect excrement form a transparent sticky patina called padya, which is a favorable environment for the development of soot fungus. If you find aphids at the very beginning of the occupation of Drimiopsis, it will be enough to spray the plant in the morning and in the evening with an infusion of sharp-smelling herbs to destroy it, but if the plant louse spreads, you will have to treat the ledeburri with Aktar or Inta-Vira solution prepared in accordance with the instructions.
Flags look like swelling greyish-brown growths, around which are formed yellow-red areas, and if you look at the substrate in the pot, you will find that it has become unnaturally black. Remove adult insects from the leaves with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol or soapy water, then apply a thick lather to the leaves of the plant, and after an hour wash it under a warm shower. When the plant dries, treat it with Metaphos or Fufanon, spraying these preparations with the surface of the substrate, then “seal” the plant and the pot for 2-3 days, putting a plastic bag on them.
Spider mites settle on the plant in low humidity conditions. Signs of their presence are vague yellowish specks on the leaves, that is, places of procuses, black dots on the underside of the leaves, and thin, translucent strands of cobweb on the petioles. To destroy the mites, apply a soap-alcohol solution to the leaves of the plant, wash it half an hour under a warm shower and hold the leburia for 2-3 days in a transparent bag. Or spend 3-4 processing drimiopsis and substrate in a pot with an interval of 2 weeks with a solution of Actellica, Akarin or Fitoverma.
Drimiopsis - Signs and Superstitions
We didn’t find any contraindications of drimiopsis based on superstitions and signs in the information space, therefore we recommend you to grow this original and beautiful plant in the apartment without fear. Flowering Drimiopsis is especially beneficial for people born under the sign of Pisces.