Modern holders of private country estates confidently refused to use only utilitarian plants. More and more people are paying attention to the beautiful design of the site, preferring to buy berries and fruits, and on their allotment to create works of landscape art. Especially interesting in this regard are evergreens, which do not lose their decorativeness even in the cold months. And more and more popularity is gaining among the huge variety of conifers juniper horizontal Andorra compact. Every gardener who cares for his weave and is proud of their design, will certainly sooner or later pay attention to this original bush.
Juniper horizontal Andorra compact: description
This plant is a shrub creeping on the ground, forming a dense pillow crown, rising 30-40 cm above the soil. The average diameter of the crown is from a meter to two. Andorra compact juniper pine needles (the photo is in the article) has a green, due to small white spots scattered on it, it acquires a bluish outburst. The shrub gives a special decorative effect to the garden in autumn and winter, when the needles change their colors to violet-purple.
Andorra is growing slowly, no more than 10 cm of growth per year in width. Forms juniper berries, having a spherical shape and fleshy flesh. Berries are inedible! A distinctive feature is phytoncidity: a third of the bacteria is killed by the shrub itself, and therefore it is resistant to most diseases. Only some types of insect pests can harm it: juniper saw, coniferous aphid, red bug and scale insect.
How to plant
We can please those who liked horizontal juniper Andorra compact: planting and caring for shrubs are simple and accessible even to a novice gardener.
The recommended planting time is from mid-April to the end of May. Autumn landing is also possible, for which October is the best month. However, if the sapling root system is closed, it can be planted painlessly in any other season, although the survival rate will be somewhat lower, and the plant will grow more slowly in the first years.
Juniper horizontal Andorra compact needs good light and constantly wet soil. However, if the groundwater is too close to the landing site, preliminary drainage is required. For drainage, it is enough to fill the planting pit with rubble to a height of 20 cm. Soil acidity is not critical for the shrub, it grows on any soil, including the poor. Allowed planting in the penumbra: under the ban, only very very shaded areas where the sun practically does not appear.
Plant habits and preferences
The good juniper horizontal Andorra compact, so it is high winter resistance. He is not afraid of even severe frosts down to -30 Celsius, which saves the gardener from the pet's annual shelter for the winter. In the spring, in order to avoid getting shrubs burns, temporary shading may be required. Especially in need of such adaptation young specimens. In the spring, before removing the shading, preventive work is carried out: the bushes are sprayed with pest preparations. Juniper needs fertilizer only when it grows on very poor soils: in this case, during the growing season, supplementary feeding is given for conifers.
Andorra has a high resistance to both dust and high noise levels: it is quite suitable for growing in a metropolis.
Juniper is highly drought tolerant. However, with the constant dryness of the air and the long absence of rain, it may be necessary to water it around the bucket once a week.
The most widely used juniper horizontal Andorra compact is used as a tamper of higher bushes with a bare, low-decorative basal zone. It is magnificent both in single, and in group landings, it is very effective in decorating slopes, retaining walls and hills. It can be a great fence for high beds and alpine landscape. It looks very interesting framing of artificial ponds and garden fountains, as well as gazebos and galleries installed on the dais.
01/22/2018 admin Comments No Comments
Juniper horizontal, or prostrate, lives in the eastern regions of North America. It is an evergreen creeping undersized shrub. reaching a height of 30-40 cm with a crown diameter of 1.5 m. The shoots are long, slightly elevated above ground level. Acicular needles, bluish-green or green, about 0.5 cm long, on the pobege is tight. Closer to winter, it often acquires a brownish tint. Cones are globose, dark blue, almost black, about 0.5 cm in diameter.
Horizontal juniper propagates mainly by semi-woody cuttings.
When seed reproduction lost varietal characteristics. It grows rather slowly, prefers sunny areas or partial shade. It is difficult to transfer transplants, so after rooting the cuttings, it is better to immediately choose a place where the shrub will grow for many years.
For horizontal planting of a juniper, it is necessary from the end of April to mid-May to cut a 10-12 centimeter cutting with a “heel” (a piece of old wood) from an 8-10-year-old plant. Approximately 5 cm of the juniper andorra cuttings should be cleaned of needles, and the bark of an adult plant should be left intact. For better growth before planting the juniper horizontal, the end of the cutting to be placed in the ground should be kept for half an hour in a special stimulating solution. The soil for rooting should consist of sand and peat in proportions of one to one.
The stalk must be pressed tightly with earth and covered with foil. After planting horizontal juniper, the soil should be periodically sprayed to prevent drying. After 30–45 days, planting material takes root, and in late June-early July, cuttings can be planted in open ground. The first winter of young shrubs should be sheltered from frost, for this use burlap or lapnik. With age, plants acquire frost resistance and can winter well under snow without additional shelter.
Juniper horizontal is undemanding to care and resistant to urban conditions, provided sufficient air humidity. In dry areas, plants require additional watering, this is especially important during the period of active growth. Also, the care of juniper horizontal includes regular sprinkling of the crown.
This species prefers sandy soils with an acidic or alkaline environment, in case of landing on heavy substrates, the already slow growth almost completely stops. It is necessary to feed the creeping species of juniper only in early spring, since plants that are too fertile on the ground can lose the typical open form of the crown.
Horizontal juniper is often used as a decorative floral carpet covering not only the land, but also the walls of houses. Very effectively, this view looks in an alpine hill, crawling on branches crawling on the stones. Suitable for strengthening the slopes and slopes, creating picturesque borders, often planted rockeries and rock gardens as a ground cover plant. Sometimes dwarf forms are grown in containers and hanging tanks.
Juniper varieties horizontal
Creeping forms of juniper were cultivated in the middle of the XIX century. To date, more than 100 varieties of juniper horizontal. All of these plants are low adjacent to the ground, have an open crown, are cold-resistant enough and do not require additional care as an adult. Most of the horizontal juniper varieties are used as a container culture or groundcover in the preparation of landscape compositions.
Juniper horizontal "Andorra Compact"
Juniper horizontal "Andorra Compact" (Juniperus horizontalis Andorra Compact) is a compact compact shrub, not exceeding 35-40 cm in height. The crown of the correct form, dense, symmetrical, pillow-shaped, reaches one meter in diameter. Like all juniper trees, the Andorra variety grows very slowly, the annual growth is no more than 1 cm. Skeletal branches grow evenly, rise obliquely upwards from the center of the bush, and then continue to grow horizontally. The needles are very small, ash-green in color, with the onset of cold weather acquires a slight purple hue.
Cones are spherical, fleshy, gray-blue in color with a bluish bloom. The variety "Andorra Compact" can grow on both light and slightly shaded areas. Prefers moderately nutritious, rather wet soils, without stagnant water. It is widely used for decoration of alpine hills, retaining walls, rocky and heather gardens, slopes, coastal zones of water bodies and walking paths.
Juniper horizontal "Blue Chip"
Juniper horizontal “Blue Chip” (Juniperus horizontalis Blue Chip) is a slow-growing dwarf shrub, reaching a height of 30 cm with a crown diameter of 1.5 m. The needles are needle-shaped, prickly, dense, short (up to 5 mm). In the summer period, the needles are painted in a bluish-blue color, in the fall they acquire a brown, purple or lilac shade. Small cones, small (up to 6 mm), spherical in shape, almost black.
The main difference of the Blue Chip variety from other cultivars is the increased tolerance of gas pollution and air pollution, it develops well in urban conditions. Shrubs of this form are not demanding for soils, but when they are planted in open ground, they need to mulch the planting circle. The grade of Blue Chip is photophilous, drought-resistant and frost-resistant. A sufficiently powerful root system allows this ground cover plant to be used to strengthen slopes and slopes, and is often used for planting on stony retaining walls. Relatively easy to carry decorative molding, widely used as a container culture.
Juniper horizontal "Variegata" and "Ice Blue"
Juniper horizontal "Variegata" (Juniperus horizontalis Variegata) - shrub with a thick cushion crown. Unlike other varieties, this cultivar is more massive, it reaches a height of 50-60 cm. The crohn is asymmetrical, extends 2.5-3 m, in young plants it has a flat, circular shape, becomes cushion-like with age. Also, the form of "Variegata" is characterized by accelerated growth, expanding annually by 25-30 cm in diameter and 10-12 cm in height. Skeletal branches are mainly located horizontally, unevenly diverging in different directions, only slightly rising above the ground. The needles of the variegate shrubs are scale-like, soft, thin, painted in a rich blue-green color.
The main difference of this cultivar from other varieties is the frequent inclusions of shoots with needles of yellowish cream color. Motley, contrasting color is preserved, even if the shrub grows in a shaded area.
Shishkoagody rounded, dark, with a bluish bloom. The bush is frost-resistant, prefers nutritious, moderately moist, drained soil. Bright color allows you to use Variegata variety as an accent plant for decoration of heather and rocky gardens.
The optimal planting period for juniper begins in early April and ends in May, but late gardeners can plant it in October. When planning your site, be sure to take the sunny place to your juniper, thereby you will save yourself from the problems associated with the transfer, as the horizontal Andorra loves the sunny places and grows well there. The soil where the plant will grow should be non-clayey and fairly wet, although juniper can also grow on dry, poor soils.
If the summer is dry and hot, despite the drought tolerance, the juniper is still worth watering sometimes, but in moderation, as it is afraid of stagnant water in the soil. By the way, watering and spraying should be carried out only in the evening.
A very beautiful, sometimes almost creeping shrub on the ground with a chic sprawling funnel-shaped dense crown, grows rather slowly, its annual growth of 2-3 cm in height and 10-20 cm in width. So if you have a large garden, then you should think about buying not one, but several plants, no matter what, wait until it grows.
The main features of the presented varieties of juniper Andorra Compact can be attributed to its incredible resistance to frost. This variety is suitable for central Russia and is able to winter even in urban environments. Does not require additional care and pruning, only spring removal of dry branches.
Afraid juniper coniferous aphid, juniper sawfly, shchitovku and worm.
Information for writing this article was provided by the site greensad.com.ua selling decorative plants and products for the garden. We recommend you purchase the juniper described above and not only directly on this site.
Video review: Juniper horizontal “Andorra Compact”, contains all the comprehensive information on the juniper variety presented in this article.
Description Juniper Andorra Compact
The wild ancestors of the juniper Andorra Compact (J. horizontalis Andorra Compact) are small ground cover shrubs from North America. In nature, hvoyniki inhabit the shores of the Great Lakes, other areas of western Canada and the United States.
Strong winds in open spaces forced the plants to adapt, made it crown squat and determined the name of the species - horizontal juniper. Cultivars have preserved the natural appearance of their ancestors.
The dense juniper crown of the horizontal Andorra Compact consists of obliquely growing and slightly raised branches and reaches a height of 30–40 centimeters. Shoots covered with small scaly or needle needles form a pillow about a meter in diameter at the age of 10 years. Due to slow growth, the ephedon only reaches its maximum size in 15–20 years.
In the summer, the crown is painted in silver or light green, and in winter - in brownish-purple or gray tones. In the spring, when an evergreen shrub awakens from winter dormancy, young shoots with rare, whorled needles of silvery shade appear up above the crown. For the first time, rounded gray-blue cones appear no earlier than 7–10 years after planting young seedlings.
According to the description, juniper Andorra Compact is a non-capricious, decorative culture, preferring well-lit areas with drained light ground and deep groundwater. Growing in fairly harsh conditions, the ancestors gave this juniper variety excellent winter hardiness. However, to maintain the bright color of the needles and active growth of the shrub, you need sufficiently moist air.
Planting and care of juniper Andorra Compact
The purpose of the creeping small juniper Andorra Compact is small mountain gardens, wide borders, rock gardens and mixborders. The ephedra easily tolerates staying in the air saturated with gases and dust, suitable for decorating public gardens and surrounding areas.
Planting shrubs plan so that the plants most of the day were in the light or in light shade. The shrub is not picky about the composition and acidity of the soil. To create borders, seedlings are placed in a trench at a distance of 40–60 cm. In group plantings between juniper and other cultures, about one meter of free space is left. At the bottom of the landing pit with a depth of 50-60 cm make a powerful drainage layer. Backfilling is done with soil with the addition of mineral fertilizers for coniferous crops. If the ground is heavy, dense, it is mixed with loosening sand and peat.
Excess fertilizer in the soil adversely affects the shrub. His crown receives an incentive to grow in a vertical direction and loses its creeping shape.
After planting, juniper care Andorra Compact is:
- in irrigation required in hot dry time,
- in spring dressings that stimulate the growth of a shrub and help it recover after wintering,
- in careful soil loosening and mulching of the space under the crown of young plants,
- in sanitary pruning dried shoots damaged by snow or sun.
All junipers are afraid of stagnant moisture and hardly tolerate dry air. The picture of a juniper Andorra Compact is no exception. Therefore, an important measure of care - sprinkling landings on hot arid days.
Due to the high frost resistance, adult shrubs do not need additional shelter, and young plants on the eve of winter richly mulch and cover with spruce branches.
Using juniper Andorra Compact in landscape design
Horizontal junipers are shrubs from 10 to 50 cm high with a wide crown resembling a dense carpet or pillow.
The juniper Andorra Compact is very popular in landscape design. Sprawling silver-green shoots:
- эффектно обрамляют крупные камни на горке,
- великолепно смотрятся рядом с цветущими почвопокровными многолетниками,
- служит благородным фоном для высоких цветов, трав.
В саду можжевельнику найдется место возле водоема, у края дорожки и в центре лужайки. If the site has an uneven terrain, the bush will help to strengthen the slopes and prevent soil erosion from winds and rains. If desired, a small bush can be planted in a container and used to decorate the terrace, patio or balcony.
Description of the juniper Andora Compact
This variety has a dense crown, its height does not exceed forty centimeters, and in width it can reach two meters. The dense branches of the horizontal juniper are arranged horizontally and only slightly raised upwards. The needles of the plant have a rich light green color, in the winter season it can acquire gray shades. It is thin and soft to the touch, it emanates a pleasant aroma. The plant has inedible globular blue-gray berries.
Andorra Compact grows slowly, in one year in width, it increases only by 10 centimeters. Horizontal shrub equally well tolerates both steady heat and severe frosts. It can be planted next to other plants, it will not affect their growth and development. It is noteworthy that the horizontal juniper is able to clean the air from pathogenic bacteria.
Juniper Andorra Compact needs care, of great importance is the place on which the plant will be grown, and it is also important to choose a suitable soil. It is best to plant the plant in the middle of spring in a sunny area of the territory. Soil should be cleared of weeds and fertilized.
Depth of the landing pit should be twice the size of the juniper root system. After planting, the plant will need to be watered. Soil ram not worth it, after a while he will settle. Pristvolny circle will need to be mulched with a layer of at least 10 centimeters in order to protect the roots of the plant from severe frosts and intense heat. For mulch you can use:
Features of care: watering, fertilizing and pruning juniper
With timely care, juniper Andorra Compact will delight gardeners with rich color throughout the year. Before the winter the trunk circle plants should be sprinkled with peat, and juniper should be covered with spruce leaves. Branches should be tied to the trunk so that they do not break off the snow.
After planting, until the shrub is rooted, it will need plenty of watering. Watering it will be necessary several times a week. After rooting, watering juniper so often is not worth it.
The first feeding must be carried out before planting., it will serve as a base for the normal growth and development of the shrub. For her, you can use mineral fertilizers for coniferous plants. Basically, nitroammofosku is used as a fertilizer in the spring, and potash-phosphate preparations are used in the fall.
In early spring, the shrub needs pruning. Secateurs (before starting work, the tool must be disinfected) cut dry and damaged branches, as well as the ends of frozen shoots. After this procedure, the plant is fed and treated with a fungicide. It protects juniper from fungal infections and allows new shoots to grow evenly.
Propagation of juniper horizontal Andorra Compact
It is possible to propagate a shrub in two ways:
- Seeds. Gardeners rarely use this method, as plants grown from seeds grow much more slowly and lose their varietal characteristics.
- Cuttings. Propagate in this way horizontal juniper Andora Compact is best in the middle of spring. Cuttings should be taken from ten-year-old plants. Cut the escape should be about 15 centimeters. Stalk should be planted in a pot at an angle of 40 degrees, pour and cover with polyethylene. The pot should be filled with sand and peat, after planting the cutting should be put in a not too lighted place. Once a week, the stalk should be sprayed with water. After rooting, which usually occurs within a month and a half, it can be planted on a temporary bed.
Diseases and pests
The juniper horizontal Andora Compact is characterized by good health, it rarely affects diseases and pests. It has a large number of volatile production., resulting in a third of the bacteria die from the influence of the bush itself. However, it may still be subject to the following diseases:
- Alternaria As a result of this disease, juniper branches are covered with a velvety coating, and the needles darken.
- Shutte. This disease manifests itself in the form of round bodies with black color. It weakens the plant and can destroy it at high humidity.
- Rust. The disease is characterized by orange polusantimetrovym raids, which after the rain become fleshy.
- Biaterellic cancer. In this disease, the bark darkens and dries out, and over time, the wood dies out.
The main pests of juniper are:
- Shchitovki. These insects can destroy a young shrub. As a result of their appearance, the needles dry up and fall off.
- Aphid. The pests suck up the sap of the plant, as a result of which its growth slows down and the shoots twist.
- Spider mite (spruce). Braid with pine needles, it turns yellow, then turns brown and falls.
- Caterpillar Juniper shoots moth. This insect gnaws the insides of the shoots.
- Juniper sawfly. It removes the inner tissues of young shoots and needles.
In order to protect the plant from diseases and pests, it is recommended to use the following preparations:
It is worth carefully inspect juniper and carry out disease prevention. If any lesions are detected, the plant should be immediately treated with a suitable preparation.
Juniper horizontal Andorra Compact is an ornamental plant for which there is a place in any garden. It can be grown in containers and decorate balconies and terraces. With the help of this compact shrub, you can strengthen the slopes of the site and prevent soil erosion.
Juniper Andorra Compact: Description
This juniper is characterized by an average growth rate. Plant height reaches forty centimeters, width is 2 meters. The juniper horizontal Andorra compact has a flat-circular, rosette-shaped crown. Very thick branches are arranged in a horizontal position and slightly raised up from the ground. The needles are thin and short, located on the shoots tight. In the summer, the needles acquire a gray-green shade, changing to purple in winter.
Juniper has a superficial, weakly branched root system, but nonetheless it grows quite widely. This species is resistant to frost, summer heat and tolerates urban conditions.
In order for juniper to grow well, before planting the soil must be freed from all weeds, especially perennials.
The use of expensive fertilizers is not necessary, they can be replaced with ordinary black soil or with any meadow or garden soil. The most important aspect of planting juniper Andorra Compact is the thorough preparation of the substrate, the main components of which are acid high-moor peat with a level of acid-base balance (pH) not exceeding 4.5.
Some gardeners replace organic matter with garden sulfur, citric or orthophosphoric acid, or with battery fluid (electrolyte).
Place to grow
As mentioned above, the plot should not be out of sunlight. In order to avoid transplantation, the place where juniper will grow should not be in the shade of higher plants. Thanks to its compact size, Andorra can be planted in a flower bed next to other plants. This species is an excellent neighbor, as it does not affect the development and growth of other cultures. Ideal for growing on slopes, alpine slides and retaining walls.
How to plant a shrub
The first thing to start with is to prepare the landing pit. The depth of the pit should be 2 times the root system, together with the earth clod. After planting it should be poured abundantly.
Pristvolny circle should be mulched peat, humus, bark or mowed grass. The layer of mulch should be 10 centimeters, this thickness will prevent moisture loss and at the same time protect the roots from winter frosts and summer heat.
Also the mulch restrains the growth of weeds. Plus, the soil in the pit for a long time will be loose, which is necessary for the juniper of this species.
How to water
Watering is especially important for juniper in the first months after landing on a permanent place. It is recommended to water the plant at least twice a week, until it takes root completely.
After rooting, juniper is able to get all the necessary nutrients directly from the soil. Subsequently, watering is necessary only during the drought period. In order to prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture from the top layer of soil, it is possible to produce mulching. This procedure implies a shelter of soil near the bush with bark or pine chips in a layer of 5 centimeters.
Fertilizer and dressing
The first feeding is carried out at the stage of preparation for planting. Any mineral fertilizer for coniferous plants is added to the soil of the planting pit.
This will lay the foundation for active growth and development of the root system. Spring feeding is carried out in April - May. It is best to use nitroammofosku (20 g of substance per square meter). Autumn feeding is carried out in September - October. During this period, potassium-phosphorus fertilizers are called (Granfoska, Cafom preparations, etc.).
Trimming is carried out in early spring (in March). With the help of a secateur, all old, damaged and dry branches are removed. It is also necessary to cut off the tips of frozen shoots.
After trimming is completed, the shrub needs to be fed and thoroughly treated with a fungicide. Due to this new shoots will grow more evenly, plus the whole juniper will receive good protection against fungal infections.
Barrel and shoots
Shrubs at a mature age reaches a height of 30-40 cm and a crown diameter of 1-2 m. Juniper grows slowly - only 5-7 cm per year. Andorra Compact differs from other plant varieties in the correct symmetrical form of the crown and dense arrangement of the shoots. The branches obliquely rise up from the center of the bush, and then grow horizontally. The wood is resistant to rotting, which allows you to plant a plant on the bank of the stream.
Juniper Andorra Compact grows well on wet soils without stagnant water, with dry air, growth of the shrub is suppressed. It is unpretentious to soil fertility and can land on moderately nutritious sandy loams. The optimal growth medium is low acid or neutral.
Shrub photophilous, but can tolerate a slight darkening. The moderate lack of lighting does not reduce the decorative qualities of the plant, but in the absence of light, the color of the needles fades noticeably.
The optimal time for planting seedlings in the ground - mid-April - end of May. Autumn planting is also acceptable. bush in october. In another period, the survival rate of the bushes is lower, and plant growth in the early years will be slow.
For planting juniper bushes, it is necessary to prepare pits with a depth of 70 cm in advance. Their size should be about 3 times the size of an earthy coma. Sand, large pebbles and crushed brick fall asleep at the bottom of the pit. The thickness of the drainage layer should be 20 cm. Then the shrub is planted, having the root collar above ground level.
It is recommended to prepare the earth mixture for planting from peat, sand and sod land in the proportion of 2: 1: 1. Shrub need to pour plenty of water, and then repeat the procedure daily for the first 7 days after planting. Juniper mulch with peat, sawdust or wood chips.
Important! An adult shrub does not tolerate transplantation, so you need to immediately choose a place where juniper will grow constantly.
Pests and diseases
Among the main pests of juniper are spider mites, scab, coniferous aphids, shoots moth. To destroy them, the plants are sprayed with chemicals - Fitoverm, Flumayt, Talstar.
The most dangerous disease is rust. Preventing its appearance will help the timely removal of diseased branches and regular spraying of drugs with copper in the composition - HOM, Scor, Foodnazole, Abig-Peak. It is important not to plant juniper next to currants or other fruit shrubs that can become a source of infection.
Combination with other plants
Juniper dwarf forms are used to create continuous flowering flower beds. In such mixborders, shrubs are planted in the foreground. In the rock gardens and Japanese gardens, juniper is placed on the edge of retaining walls. The plant is well combined with low-growing varieties of shrubs - heather, Erica, roses, decorative cereals and ground cover forms of pine. With a dense landing, it can be used to strengthen slopes or as a tamper of tall shrubs.