Vegetables

Description of planting shade-loving and shade-tolerant vegetables for the garden

Planning and planting garden always relevant for summer residents. For beginners, gardeners, the happy owners of several acres of land, it is very important to first plan the work. Those who have always dreamed of a dacha, have long made a list of what will grow on their site. The list is made up by the whole family, and each one brings in his favorite vegetables, and more often than not growing in a particular area, but imported from exotic countries.

It's time to realistically assess the desires and possibilities. Is everything you want suitable for growing in your climate? Recall that most vegetables love and can only grow in the sun, and there are shade vegetables for the garden. And there are those desired, but to get their crop in your area can not do without the construction of greenhouses. You need to think seriously about everything.

Garden plan

First of all, the plan of the entire site must be divided into zones. Mark the places of construction (house with garage, hozblok, bath, pool, sports field, etc.) that are already available or are planned to be. It is imperative to determine where the fruit trees and shrubs will be planted. Maybe something is already there, and they can and should be saved and entered into the plan. And now it is very important to designate areas for planting and their illumination on the plan. Which areas will be under the sun all day, which in partial shade or partially illuminated by the sun? And for those who are not indifferent to what vegetables love the shadow, mark places where it will always be cool and shady. Taking into account the lightness, relief, water sources, plan the planting of vegetable crops along the beds, so as not to wind circles with a shovel over the site and not confuse the neighbors - gardeners with experience.

Soil preparation

Shade-loving vegetables for the vegetable garden and those that do not yield a crop without the sun need fertile soil. If you got loamy land, you are very lucky. It almost does not require fertilizer. Planting a garden for owners of such land can begin without studying the question of organic or mineral fertilizers. The worst option is saline soil. It must be fertilized every year. To save money on the purchase of fertilizers, you can cook them yourself in spring and summer, and bury them in the fall. Groundwater, the surrounding atmosphere affect the acidity of the soil. Shade vegetables and greens like subacid earth. Sour soil will please fans to grow potatoes, however, if the size of your site is sufficient. Potatoes are a crop that requires a lot of space for planting.

Seed and seedling preparation

Different gardeners solve this issue in different ways. It is easier to trust one of the well-known specialty stores with experienced neighbors. But there are daredevils who grow their own seedlings from the seeds collected in their own plot all winter in greenhouses. In assessing the required amount of these same seeds and seedlings, it is necessary to proceed, again, from the size of the plot, the number of people you want to feed with fresh vegetables from your own bed, and the average consumption of these vegetables per person. It is necessary to choose varieties of vegetables, taking into account the natural climatic zone and the illumination area. It is not as costly as burning shady vegetables for the kitchen garden under the scorching sun in an open area. By gaining experience in planting and growing vegetables, excellent yield results can be achieved without increasing or changing the shape of the plot.

In the shadow of the neighbors

In order for the land not to be exhausted and to enjoy a good harvest of vegetables, it is best to choose a mixed planting technique. Many vegetables are perfect neighbors. The main thing is to choose them correctly. One species is always the main one, and quickly ripening shade-loving vegetables for the vegetable garden are planted in its shadow. Often such cultures protect the main species from parasites and pests. And sun-loving plants with their volumetric greens protect greens and vegetables growing in the shade from the destructive open sun for them. Basil, spinach and lettuce are well planted in the shade of tomato and pepper bushes. Spinach leaves retain moisture well. A salad is generally the best neighbor for any plant. The same radish, they can condense any plants, planted on both sides of the main vegetable. Cucumber fruits will be tastier if dill and garlic grow in the neighborhood. And some climbers like peas and beans can even be used as a living fence. Legumes are planted on the north side of the plot, as they themselves do not like direct sun all day. Choosing which vegetables to plant in the shade of the main crop, one should not forget that there are complete intolerances of some species among themselves. You should not plant a number of onion and sage, tomatoes and dill, cabbage and garlic.

The quantity and quality of light

An important question: how many hours a day in the area planned for landing, there is an absolute shadow. After all, even in a very shady garden sun peeks. The crown of the trees creates diffused light. And for very dry areas of this quality, light is much more useful for growing vegetables.

And there are fans of the coolness of the full shadow.

Landing rules in tight spaces

If the place in the garden is limited, it is necessary to place stands according to certain rules:

  • Along the perimeter of the site, under the fence, you can plant fruit trees.
  • Shrubs should be located in the center of the garden, so that they demarcate the area into zones.
  • Vegetable crops are located on the remaining territory of the garden. When planting, it should be borne in mind that some plants love shade, other penumbra, and there are crops that can grow exclusively in a sunny place.
  • Vegetables that love shade or partial shade should be constantly watered. Since the lack of light, they compensate for high humidity.

If on the garden extensions create a large shaded area, there is always a way out. Any culture per day requires up to 4 hours of sunlight. If it is a leaf plant, then even less.

First you need to decide what vegetables can be planted in the shadeTo get a good harvest and listen to some tips:

  • It turns out that places in the garden are watered by sunlight much more than a newcomer seems. This is easy to verify using a photometer or luxmeter. With their help, the illumination of any corner of the site is determined and the option of planting culture is decided.
  • To check the illumination of places in the garden plot, it is necessary to put pots with the crops that are planned to be planted on these plots before making the beds. If in the process of growth the stems begin to stretch and turn pale, then there is not enough light. Such a culture can not be planted here. For convenience, pots can be put on a platform with wheels. During the day, it can be moved to sunny places to determine in which part of the garden the crop grows best.
  • Most plants can be planted under trees. To do this, thin out their crown. Now through the branches, the sun's rays will penetrate the earth and create penumbra. Problems due to shading will not be.

Shade-tolerant vegetables, planting planning

If vegetables grow in the shade, their photosynthesis deteriorates. In the end, this affects the decrease in yield. Therefore, in such places you need to plan plant shade-loving crops, and areas illuminated by light leave for light-loving plants. The distribution of the beds is based on the casting of shadow trees.

Drawing up a landing scheme, you need to make a reference point on the location of the garden relative to 4 sides of the world. Beds should be placed from west to east or from north to south. With this arrangement, the earth will be better lit and warm. It should be remembered that a small shadow may not harm some vegetables. But the dark areas should be planted by certain crops.

Gardeners have such a thing as shady vegetables for the gardenwhich can grow on the plot permanently in a shaded place. This does not affect their yield.

Another category is shade-tolerant vegetables for the garden. They can be planted in dark places and because of this will not die. However, they will feel uncomfortable there, which will affect the decrease in yield.

What vegetables grow in the shade

Due to the harsh climate, some plants cannot grow in the shade due to cool weather; they will freeze there. On the other hand, the same species in hot summer conditions will produce a good harvest in the shaded area.

These cultures include:

  • Beet. Feels great in a shaded area, refers to the shade-loving plants. To compensate for the lack of light should be a good watering. At the same time there is a rapid development of tops, which is used for cooking soup. And roots grow in the ground.
  • Cabbage. All varieties of such a culture grow well in the shade. There must also be good watering. Growing cabbage is accompanied by the rapid growth of weeds, which need to be spit out in time.
  • Potatoes. It grows well in a dark place, it is compensated by the moisture of the soil.
  • Spices. Herbs such as spinach, watercress or sorrel grow best in shady, cool areas. The leaves are more juicy with a high content of vitamins.
  • Beans and beans. Not all varieties can exist under shade conditions.
  • Tomatoes. Such a culture prefers penumbra. In the southern regions, polar tomatoes are taking root in the shade. The plant has a thick stem, but the very undersized. Fruits are small in size with juicy pulp in the middle. Weigh on the branches in big bunches.
  • Shrubs. Not all types of such plants can grow in the shade. Those bushes that grow in the forest constantly feel a lack of light. However, they got used to such conditions and adapted. They can safely be planted in the garden, where they will give a high yield.
  • Black and red currants. Such a culture can be grown in the shade on the southern territory. In the middle lane, it will yield much later.
  • Rhubarb. It grows in the forest and does not need much lighting. Vegetable is characterized by its versatility. Having a sour stem, it can be used to prepare both the first course and dessert. Well propagated by separating parts of rhizome. But seed cultivation takes a long time.
  • Ramson It tastes like onions and garlic at the same time. Its other name is bear bow. The amount of vitamins in the leaves is enough for a person for the whole day. It grows much better in the shade, because the natural conditions of its growth is a place under the dense foliage of trees. In the garden in the lit garden, she will be uncomfortable.
  • Garlic. Grows much worse in shady conditions, however, ripe, small grains have a peculiar taste. They are actively used in salads. Garlic grown in such conditions will make room on the whole bed.
  • Root parsley and parsnip. They can grow in a dark place, but when light hits them, their growth increases.
  • Horseradish. This culture can grow in the darkest place. Where the weeds did not survive. The plant is very fond of shade and rapidly grows its ground part in the form of tender leaves and gives excellent roots.

If the area does not have sufficient light, there is always an exit. The main thing is right plan the beds and plant crops on them. Having knowledge of the correctness of growing vegetables in conditions of insufficient lighting, on such a site you can get a harvest no less than in an area well lit by the sun.

List of shade-tolerant vegetables

  1. Various salads (arugula, endive, cress, leaf, etc.)
  2. Broccoli cabbage
  3. Cauliflower
  4. Peas
  5. Radish
  6. Brussels sprouts
  7. Radish
  8. Chard and beets to get leaves
  9. Green leafy: cabbage, spinach, mustard
  10. Beans

Water saving in irrigation

See what a beautiful broccoli!

Penumbra, as a rule, creates less conditions for evaporation of moisture from the soil surface, which leads to a significant reduction in the need for irrigation. In addition, plants prone to bolting, such as lettuce and spinach, do not throw arrows away any longer and their consumption is stretched for a longer period.

That is the theory. But my practice, unfortunately, differs from the above postulates. With insufficient light, the crop yield shown in the list falls by at least 50%. But this is not important. The penumbra is a fertile place for any creeping reptiles such as snails, caterpillars and slugs. Only mustard and endive avoided the chance to be eaten in my garden from the entire list above, apparently because of their bitter taste.

In addition to them, not bad kept chard and watercress. Another interesting and little-known spicy plant, which perfectly tolerates even thick shadow and does not attract pests, is lovage. But you can read about it in detail in another post.

CONCLUSION Do not do in vain labor and leave shaded areas alone. In extreme cases, they can be adapted to the lawn. And what kind of edible plants for the shadow do you know? Please help add to the list!

You can learn about the cultures that love the sun, and which put up with a little shading, in the video.

The harvest of greenery in the garden

Do you live in southern latitudes? Most of your site is occupied by a garden. The garden is well-groomed, gives good yields of berries and fruits. The crown and root system of fruit trees has been formed, and there is enough space for growing vegetables. You have a question about which vegetables love the shadow. First of all, it is garden greens. Dill, parsley, basil will be on your table as soon as the snow melts until late autumn. Spicy herbs are often planted specifically to protect fruit trees from the moth and repel slugs in the currant bush. And what is the garden without honey herbs of melissa, mint, tarragon, decorative wormwood? But it should be remembered that all greens grow very quickly. Most of it can be prepared for the winter. Melissa and mint dry and add to tea. If there is a lot of greenery, then when planting it, you can put limiters. In this case, it is important not to damage the roots of fruit trees. Safer manual weeding. You choose: protection from the moth and aromatic tea or periodic manual weeding of the growing spicy greens.

Planting vegetables in the stalk zone

After spring pruning of the garden, shade-loving vegetables are often planted in the tree-growing zone of fruit trees to protect them from the trees. It is possible to protect apples and pears and at the same time get a decent harvest from climbing grades of tomatoes and cucumbers. Moreover, tomatoes grown in such conditions suffer less from phytoflora than those planted in vegetable gardens. The crown of fruit trees protects tomatoes from rain and dew.

Some varieties of beans feel good under the trees. In the garden under the trees, beans are often planted to enrich the soil with nitrogen.

Special vegetable

In the south, gardeners have a special garden vegetable - garlic. It is often planted next to peaches and nectarines to protect the trees from leaf curling in hot climates. Only you need to carefully dig the garlic, so as not to damage the roots. It is planted in the shade of gooseberry bushes, black and red currants. For the same purpose, they plant southern perennial weed dzhusay similar to wild garlic. And, maybe, the forest garlic itself will take root. Medicinal plant, similar in taste to garlic and onions, is a storehouse of vitamins.

Cabbage of all varieties

For shallow white cabbage: the wetter and cooler, the better. Brussels sprouts seeds are sown first in a container. And the seedlings are planted in the spring in a shaded place in the spring, but in not very moist soil. In the shade of the garden you can get a healthy crop of broccoli. Just do not forget to weed out more often.

Most shy

To the great lovers of the shadow can be attributed to beets. But for this vegetable every year you need to plant a new place. Beets can not stand their phytoncids. And it is dangerous to plant it under the trees; you can damage the roots when digging. But the radish in this regard is convenient and harmless. Sober and do not dig, but are pulled out with their hands, thus loosening the soil in the garden. Any salting does not do without horse-radish. This is perhaps the most shy vegetables. It should be planted in the darkest places of the garden, better under the fence, but farther from the trees, so as not to damage the fruit roots when digging up the roots of horseradish.

Rare but useful

Rare now a plant - perennial rhubarb, grows very well in the shade. Grow it from seed. And in order to strengthen and take root, we must not forget to water it abundantly. Leaf mustard, arugula, chard in the shade of the garden will not give huge leaves. But they will not taste bitter, they will not get stuck, they will not go away in color, but will be tender until the autumn.

Determination of site shading and plant selection

It should take a very serious approach to the study of the area for planting crops and the time of its shading throughout the daylight hours. Многим из нас уже известна агротехника популярных дачных растений, а потому не сложно понять, что далеко не каждое из них сможет нормально развиваться в полной тени. В подобной среде нормально себя чувствуют только некоторые виды декоративных растений. Для остальных же нужно будет выбирать зоны с частичным притенением, там, где солнце бывает хотя бы половину дня.

Распределение теневыносливых культур по саду

The problem of the correct distribution of plants in the country is very serious, because in small areas it is very difficult to figure out where and what will grow, how to plant correctly. Particular difficulties are pursued by beginners who have just purchased a summer house and decide exactly where the garden, garden, flower garden will be.

Often planting trees occurs along the fence, so as not to occupy a useful area in the country. But here it is necessary to choose the right side so that the shade from the trees does not occupy large areas of the site. They can be distributed evenly by country house, taking into account the requirement of distances. Thus, it will be possible to form areas with partial shading and leave some zones with the greatest illumination for those plants that prefer a maximum of light.

Bushes summer residents are also accustomed to plant along fences and fences, but here it is worth understanding that some of them will be in full shadow from the fence or trees planted earlier. Therefore, the most appropriate solution would be planting berry or ornamental shrubs closer to the center of the dacha, for example, to divide the territory into certain zones.

For flowers and berries, the place can be found everywhere, since we have long learned the technology of vertical gardening and high beds. Besides, there are always such small architectural forms that involve the cultivation of flowers on high ground. You can also consider the unique decorative flower gardens, special garden sculptures, original pots in the country and other products, thanks to which the plants are provided with the most correct conditions for growth and development.

Names of shade plants

We are used to seriously confuse these concepts, considering that both plants and others easily cope with dark areas in the country and endure conditions without sunlight. We recommend to distinguish between the concepts and when buying a particular culture, it is imperative to study the agrotechnology, the requirements for choosing a planting site in the country. Remember, the shade is stable throughout the day, partial (a certain part of the day due to the sun) or scattered (sunlight through the branches and leaves of vigorous plants).

Degree of shade and soil

It should be understood that the development of plants requires not only the conditions of illumination, but also certain soils and other conditions. Thus, in the dense shadow cast by country houses, dense plantings of shrubs or trees, it will feel good stonecrop warrior, kupeny, nasil magnificent, heart-leaved tiara, hoof European.

If we combine these cottage zones with well-moistened soil, it is possible to plant black cohosh, primroses, hellebore, astilbe, and dark geraniums.

In areas with a scattered lob, for example, under nuts or old apple trees, it is quite possible to arrange the planting of the umbilical cord of spring, fragrant wood, lupins, daylilies. Some medicinal and fragrant plants will also grow here - peppermint, lemon balm, others.

You also need to know that not only the soil moisture determines the ability of some plants to grow in shading, but also its composition. Thus, on sandstones and sandy sandstones in partial pritennosti, kupena, lily of the valley, periwinkle, violet, creeping tentacle and others feel normally.

Shrubs that can be planted in partial shade

Interesting is the fact that in the shade of the fruit garden or on the fences of the demarcation of suburban areas, you can often find shrubs that do not feel any negative from the shadow. They grow and develop quite normally, without requiring special treatment.

In partial shade, rhododendrons grow well, which, by the way, do not like the sun at all. But it is desirable to plant them in the penumbra, scattered shadow, under the trees, since the complete absence of the sun seriously affects flowering.

The penumbra is also suitable for hydrangeas, it will not harm the Kalina and the elder. At the same sites can be planted and ivy, girlish grapes, clematis.

Perennials

The greatest number of plants that love the shade is among perennials. Due to the abundance of species, it is possible to create not single plantings, but whole longline beds that will adorn the shady landscape.

Badan prefers medium and dense shadow. In such conditions only flowering can suffer, but the increase in badan is excellent.

Early Flowering Daylily prefers penumbra, in a strong shadow bloom noticeably weakens. Modern daylily varieties are best planted in the sun.

Hosta not only not afraid of the shadow, but just loves her. The only requirement is wet soil.

Aconite feels good on shaded areas, but also, like most, prefers moist soil.

Astilbe shade-tolerant, but prefer partial shade or partial shade.

For Dicters penumbra and shade with well-moistened soil is also the best place to live in the country.

Brunner - A cute and absolutely picky plant that will survive in any shadow. But you should be careful with him, as the brunner grows fast.

In the scattered shadow of a young garden blooms beautifully doronicum

Lily of the valley and cyanosis - almost classic plants for shade and partial shade in the country.

In addition to this list, they feel great in different shades. lupine, bathing vessel, fragrant violet, periwinkle, arizema, tiara, Pureus majestic, ostrich, primrose and many others.

Biennials

It is worth starting with pansiesBy choosing different varieties of which and planting in pritennyh places in different periods of the warm season, it is possible to easily achieve flowering from spring to autumn.

Digitalis - tall biennial plant that copes well with the lack of sun, but always subject to compliance with agricultural technology.

If you want to land something in full shadow, remember forget-me-not, which self-sowing soon will create a whole carpet of pretty flowers.

Annuals

It is rather difficult to choose from annuals, as there are not so many lovers of shaded places here.

Balsam copes with penumbra, but in full shade suffers from a lack of flowering.

Fragrant tobacco can be planted in diffused sunlight in a young garden.

Evergreen begonia suitable for pritenennyh beds and single landings.

Bulbous

Almost all bulbous like sunlight, but there are some exceptions that normally develop with minimal lighting.

Most of the small-bulbous ones that bloom in early spring, can grow in the shade of a garden or shrub. These are crocuses, proleski, white flowers, snowdrops.

Positive to shading are daffodils that still bloom brightly and do not change the vertical position of the stem.

All this applies to flowers and ornamental crops, for which you no longer need to look for a special place in the summer cottage. Hosts, ferns, periwinkles - in the shade and partial shade they will easily grow and show the expected result.

What vegetables can be grown in the shade

There are shade-tolerant vegetables and other garden crops, and almost half of them are in the country. That is, you will not have any problems with growing food if you find them a small area between shrubs or in the partial shade of the garden.

In addition, there is always the problem of placing light-loving plants that need to be in the sun every day for at least 5-7 hours. As an example, we can cite the most popular tomatoes in the country (although there are plenty of such plants). So, if there is no place for all light-loving plants at the dacha, you can always use the materials of our site and arrange high gardens in several tiers, come up with special designs from pipes or boxes, plant tomatoes in containers and pots, for example, creating a “heavy flower garden "On the trellis.

If there is enough space for such plants or you have already coped with their placement, we are left with a lot of plants that can be planted in the shade.

By the way, it is better to approach this issue from the other side - expecting planting of light-loving crops, push off shade-tolerant and, having placed them in suitable places, hammer in the remaining solar platforms with light lovers!

So, vegetables that grow in the shade. With the observance of the right agrotechnology, a good harvest can be expected from these crops, even with minimal sunshine. Here is a short list of what will not need a long search for a place in the country house, - beets and beans, lettuce, cauliflower and broccoli, onions, parsley, garlic and many others.

Planning for planting in the garden with shaded areas

Before you make a landing scheme, you need to determine the place with shading and its degree. A small shadow does not hurt even capricious cultures, but the dark places on the site require special attention when choosing crops for planting. If the plot is new, then it should be planted on vegetable crops, taking into account the orientation of the garden on the cardinal points.

When planting fruit trees and shrubs, it should be noted that they will cast a shadow, so they are most commonly planted near fences and hedges. Do not place trees near the trees with strawberries, strawberries and small shrubs. These cultures are best placed closer to the center of the site or to the most lighted place.

Shaded areas can be allotted for ornamental plants, among them there are a lot of shade-loving varieties.

The direction of the beds is also important. They need to be placed either from north to south or from west to east. This direction will allow more uniformly warm the soil and illuminate the crops.

What crops to plant in the shade

In gardening, it is customary to separate the concepts of shade-loving and shade-tolerant plants. These crops include the following plants and vegetables.

  1. The first grows well in areas shaded throughout the daylight hours, and such conditions do not affect the growth rate, vegetation and yield.
  2. The latter can grow in the shade, they do not die, produce a harvest, but still their growth slows down and the lack of sunlight affects the processes of vital activity.

Much in growing crops in shaded areas depends on the cultivation area. In cool areas, such as Siberia, it is better to grow spicy herbs and unpretentious vegetable crops in the shade, as some heat-loving plants may be cool there. In regions with a hot climate in the penumbra, you can get a good harvest of tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants and peppers.

The quality of the harvest in the shaded areas will not be worse, but the fruits ripen, roots and berries will be a little longer. If there are shady areas in the garden, the following vegetable crops can be placed on them without affecting the yield.

This culture refers to shade plants. Root grows well in full shade and in areas with small glimpses of light. Such conditions, combined with optimal irrigation and fertilizers, contribute to the growth of good beet tops, which is used to make soups and to obtain high yields of root crops.

Almost all types of cabbage - white, Brussels sprouts and broccoli prefer shaded areas with moist soil. In the care of cabbage planted in the shade, this is a timely control of weeds that grow quickly.

He prefers shaded cool places with optimal soil moisture. Therefore, it can be safely planted in dark areas of the garden.

Spices

In order not to leave a place near the fruit trees, you can place small beds with spices. Parsley, mint, basil, scallions and dill grow well in the shade. With good watering, these cultures give juicy lush greens of rich color.

Almost all types of salads will grow well in the shade. Suitable for planting lettuce, leafy and rocking varieties of lettuce, spinach, watercress and sorrel. These cultures prefer cool places with good humidity. Therefore, in the shade, lettuce leaves will be more juicy and with a lot of vitamins.

Beans and beans

When choosing beans and beans for sowing in the shade, it is necessary to pay attention to varieties when choosing seeds.

Tomatoes can be grown in partial shade in the middle lane and in the south of our country. Fruitful and tolerate a lack of lighting and cool conditions, special "polar" varieties. Such plants are usually very short with thick, fleshy stems.

The fruits on them are formed in clusters, are small and juicy flesh. These varieties usually always show good yields and are grown even in northern areas in open ground.

What to plant in the shade?

The landscape of far from each plot, in view of its size, location, blank walls, fences, existing trees and shrubs, can allow the owner to grow flowers, vegetables, and greens the way he would like.

You have to put up with it and leave these destinies, if not pleasing, simply keeping them in order, or looking for compromise solutions to this issue through trial planting of various crops, including vegetables.

Many attempts are unsuccessful and fail, the plant or “sits” in place, feels slighted, or not wanting to put up with a lack of light, withers and dries out.

How to find out what grows in the shade in the garden better than in the sun, or does not make special demands on the illumination and can grow both in the sun and in the shade or in the penumbra?

And are there any shade-tolerant vegetables and greens that feel in the shade even better than in the open sun, and produce higher and better yields.

What grows in the shade in the garden

Before talking on this topic, you still need to understand the concept of "shadow." It is quite relative. That the shadow in the south, in the north - is the sun. If in the south the penumbra allows you to grow cucumbers, zucchini, melon, then in northern latitudes only lettuce and greens growing in the shade, northern berry bushes, ferns and hosts grow. We will only consider the cultures that can be planted in the shadow of the suburban areas of central Russia.

Our planet does not stand still; it rotates around its axis and around the Sun, changes its illumination in the same place for one day. For some cultures this may well be enough and diffused light is even more favorable than direct sunlight.

So, what kind of vegetables grow in the shade, let's look at the cultural and names:

  • Warm sunshine is very fond of roots (carrots, beets), so they should not even be planted in the shade and try. During the period of active growth, they do not like the cold, even a few hours a day. But, if you plant them on the eastern beds, where there is a lot of light in the morning, then the afternoon shade for them will not be too important. Such conditions for these crops are quite tolerable and even, relatively, comfortable, and allow you to get good yields. Especially this option is more suitable for those who love juicy and medium-sized beet roots. If very large root crops are more interesting, then only the open sun.
  • Of all the types of cabbage, only broccoli is undemanding to light, and feels comfortable in the shade and in the sun. Especially in the wet ground it is grace. By the way, this is also a plus of shaded areas - they should be watered less often.
  • Eggplant, quite shade-tolerant vegetables, it can be said that they prefer partial shade even more than the sun, despite the fact that they are southerners. The same can be said about corn with cucumbers. Especially the latter can surprise. But now, even in the middle lane, the sun is so active in the very season that it can just burn out the leaves, respectively, and the ovary, especially when it is not daily watering. Therefore, slowly moving to partial shade, and even on the trellis, they are able to stay green for quite a long time and give good yields, of course, with regular watering.
  • Legumes (beans, beans, peas) can be planted in the shade, especially under the crowns of fruit trees.
  • Radish, radish, daikon, turnip calmly refer to diffused light, which does not affect their taste. The main thing is that the level of moisture should be optimal and constant for them. Well, do not forget about loosening.
  • Squashes and tomatoes can also grow in pritenennyh places, but this is only possible in the southern regions, in the middle lane it is not rational. Ovaries will be small, the fruits will be small.
  • Almost all greens feel fine in the shade (lettuce, spinach, rhubarb, parsley, dill, cilantro, celery, cardamom, lovage, etc.). Especially with abundant watering and thinning. Therefore, to plant in the shade, green plants, is the surest way to always have fresh crisp greens on your table throughout the summer.
  • Some spices can also surely be planted in the shade. These include mint, oregano, melissa, thyme, tarragon. They can grow even in the twilight.
  • Garlic is very cozy under fruit trees. Too dense a shadow may affect the size of the head, but the taste and healthy qualities will not affect.
  • For a bow, a shadow is generally the most comfortable place on the whole plot. Especially for perennial onions (chives and slizuna) it is a complete comfort. All summer juicy feather provided. Лук на головки в таких условиях не дает стрелку, что оттягивает период уборки, при этом он успевает сформировать более крупные плоды. При этом влага для него крайне важна, особенно в период формирования и налива головки.
  • Ну, как же, не упомянуть про короля всех самых темных уголков участка, про хрен. Уж ему то точно тень – это благо. При засолке огурцов и заготовке «хреновины» просто не заменим, так, что не жалейте для него такие уголки, не бойтесь его агрессивности, его всегда можно ограничить, вкопав на штык лопаты в землю шифер.

Well, here, as well as when planting on a sunny plot, one should not forget about crop rotation, because vegetables growing in shade and partial shade are just as demanding as to shift cultures. They need to alternate each year, taking into account all predecessors.

It is important to remember that the low requirements for sunlight are usually offset by increased requirements for moisture and soil composition. Therefore, regular watering, fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers are required!

Rating: 4.8 / 5 - 12 votes

10 vegetables that can be grown in light partial shade

Date: 04/24/2012 | Section: Vegetables at the cottage | Views: 49477

I suggest reading the tips that I found on the pages of a local garden magazine. And I live in Michigan. And just mastering the cultivation of vegetables and flowers. I often read Russian publications and websites. But sometimes I find something useful here. So I decided to deposit my treasure in your piggy bank of experience.

Starting to grow vegetables, many amateurs imagine that there will always be sunshine on their land, but in practice this is not always the case. Trees, shrubs, the shadow of a house or a neighbor's fence, etc. Plants such as tomatoes, peppers, and zucchini need the full light available all daylight hours. But there are at least a dozen vegetables that can be grown in the garden with a little penumbra.

There is a small rule: if you grow a plant to produce fruits or root vegetables, it should grow in full sun. If you grow for the sake of getting leaves, stems, or buds, you can grow it in partial shade. Remember that no vegetable will grow in full shade.

Shade-loving and shade-tolerant plants for giving

The bow on the head in such conditions does not give the shooter, which delays the harvesting period, and he manages to form larger fruits. At the same time, moisture is extremely important for him, especially during the formation and filling of the head.

  • Well, of course, not to mention about the king of all the darkest corners of the site, about horseradish. For him the shadow is surely a blessing. When salting cucumbers and harvesting “hrenoviny” just do not replace, so do not feel sorry for him such corners, do not be afraid of his aggressiveness, you can always restrict it by digging slate into the ground on a bayonet.
  • Well, here, as well as when planting on a sunny plot, one should not forget about crop rotation, because vegetables growing in shade and partial shade are just as demanding as to shift cultures. They need to alternate each year, taking into account all predecessors.

    It is important to remember that the low requirements for sunlight are usually offset by increased requirements for moisture and soil composition. Therefore, regular watering, fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers are required!

    Rating: 4.8 / 5 - 12 votes

    Such a question, probably, every summer resident perplexes himself. It is well known that the overwhelming majority of cultivated plants prefer open sun beds, and places remain in the shade, and that there can grow. The landscape of far from each plot, in view of its size, location, blank walls, fences, existing trees and shrubs, can allow the owner to grow flowers, vegetables, and greens the way he would like.

    You have to put up with it and leave these destinies, if not pleasing, simply keeping them in order, or looking for compromise solutions to this issue through trial planting of various crops, including vegetables.

    Many attempts are unsuccessful and fail, the plant or “sits” in place, feels slighted, or not wanting to put up with a lack of light, withers and dries out.

    How to find out what grows in the shade in the garden better than in the sun, or does not make special demands on the illumination and can grow both in the sun and in the shade or in the penumbra?

    And are there any shade-tolerant vegetables and greens that feel in the shade even better than in the open sun, and produce higher and better yields.

    Description of planting shade-loving and shade-tolerant vegetables for the garden

    When salting cucumbers and harvesting “hrenoviny” just do not replace, so do not feel sorry for him such corners, do not be afraid of his aggressiveness, you can always restrict it by digging slate into the ground on a bayonet.

    Well, here, as well as when planting on a sunny plot, one should not forget about crop rotation, because vegetables growing in shade and partial shade are just as demanding as to shift cultures. They need to alternate each year, taking into account all predecessors.

    It is important to remember that the low requirements for sunlight are usually offset by increased requirements for moisture and soil composition. Therefore, regular watering, fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers are required!

    Rating: 4.8 / 5 - 12 votes

    Such a question, probably, every summer resident perplexes himself. It is well known that the overwhelming majority of cultivated plants prefer open sun beds, and places remain in the shade, and that there can grow. The landscape of far from each plot, in view of its size, location, blank walls, fences, existing trees and shrubs, can allow the owner to grow flowers, vegetables, and greens the way he would like.

    You have to put up with it and leave these destinies, if not pleasing, simply keeping them in order, or looking for compromise solutions to this issue through trial planting of various crops, including vegetables.

    Many attempts are unsuccessful and fail, the plant or “sits” in place, feels slighted, or not wanting to put up with a lack of light, withers and dries out.

    How to find out what grows in the shade in the garden better than in the sun, or does not make special demands on the illumination and can grow both in the sun and in the shade or in the penumbra?

    And are there any shade-tolerant vegetables and greens that feel in the shade even better than in the open sun, and produce higher and better yields.

    What can be planted in the shade of vegetables

    For him the shadow is surely a blessing. When salting cucumbers and harvesting “hrenoviny” just do not replace, so do not feel sorry for him such corners, do not be afraid of his aggressiveness, you can always restrict it by digging slate into the ground on a bayonet.

    Well, here, as well as when planting on a sunny plot, one should not forget about crop rotation, because vegetables growing in shade and partial shade are just as demanding as to shift cultures. They need to alternate each year, taking into account all predecessors.

    It is important to remember that the low requirements for sunlight are usually offset by increased requirements for moisture and soil composition. Therefore, regular watering, fertilizing with mineral and organic fertilizers are required!

    Rating: 4.8 / 5 - 12 votes

    As with any other landscaping project, choosing the right vegetable varieties is an important step in maintaining a healthy garden. Speaking of these vegetables, you will see that most green leafy varieties grow well in the shade. Depending on whether the planting space receives partial sunlight or not, you can consider the following types of vegetables:

    Lettuce
    Leaves of lettuce, one of the most delicious and healthy ingredients for salads, grow well in partial shade. The advantage of lettuce and other leafy vegetables is that they can be harvested at any stage. Grow lettuce in areas of the vegetable garden that receive sunlight for 4 to 6 hours a day.

    Beet
    Beets and beans - nutritious vegetables that grow in partial shade. Grow beets planted in a straight line, and make sure that the plants are planted in the direction from east to west. By doing so, vegetables can gather maximum sunlight for better growth.

    Broccoli
    Cruciferous vegetables thrive in shady places. This way, you can grow healthy broccoli, even if your garden does not receive sunlight. The only obstacle is weed control and the need to add compost to the soil.

    Cauliflower
    Cauliflower is also a shade-loving vegetable that can tolerate partial shade. If trees cause shade, you can consider thinning the branches to increase the penetration of light into the garden. Check the plants for powdery mildew and other diseases that are usually parasitic for cauliflower.

    Bow
    Onions - another vegetable that grows well in the shade. Use healthy onion bulbs for growing in a shady garden. As long as regular watering is done, these vegetables will grow well. You can harvest onion leaves regularly for soups and salads.

    Herbs
    Culinary herbs such as cardamom, parsley, garlic, mint and leek grow well in partial or even full shade. Thus, you can plant these herbs and collect fresh leaves as a seasoning for soups. You can also dry these herbs for long term use.

    Many gardeners are interested in whether they can grow tomatoes in the shade or not.

    Berry Bushes

    Not all fruit shrubs can grow with a lack of lighting. But some species can be planted. These include plants growing in the forest in the wild. In such conditions, they are constantly not up to receive solar lighting and have long adapted to living in the shade.

    These include wild rose, shadberry, viburnum, honeysuckle, black chokeberry. By planting such shrubs in your dark garden in the fall, you can enjoy delicious berries and dry stocks for the winter.

    Red and black currants

    These shrubs grow well in the shade under certain conditions. In the southern areas they are planted only in the shade. There berries grow larger and juicy. In the middle lane currants can also be planted in the shade, but the harvest can be harvested a little later.

    To worry about the fact that the area is not enough sunlight is not worth it. Many vegetables, herbs and shrubs grow well in such conditions. Therefore, you need to pre-select vegetables and other types of plants that will grow in the shade.