Want to decorate the plot? Not only flowering plants will perfectly cope with this task. A great alternative is the decorative pumpkin. This is a climbing plant with beautiful greenery, among which the original pumpkin shape will appear in the fall. In the photo you can see how diverse the fruits of different varieties. You can choose several options that will complement each other successfully, or you can stop at the most liked variety.
The advantages of decorative pumpkins
This unusual plant has a number of important advantages:
- It is beautiful. Many will like powerful stems with large juicy leaves, decorated with bright flowers and unusual bright fruits of different “build”. Such non-standard decor immediately attract the attention of others.
- Growing fast. Each curly whip quickly grows to 4-6 meters. They are recommended to be allowed on supports, because the plant will perfectly cope with gardening, decoration of arbors and other objects.
- There is a bush form. It is recommended to plant in flowerpots and put on terraces.
- Attract the attention of not only adults but also children. This is a godsend for a children's garden.
- The plant is unpretentious in the care. The main thing - to ensure regular watering.
- Cute beautiful pumpkins are perfect for crafts, design. The main thing is to wait for them to ripen, clean the seeds, dry them. From such instances you can create many useful and beautiful wonders - candlesticks, jewelry boxes, compositions. It is difficult to find two identical berries. Each has its original color and “figure”.
Appearance and popular varieties of decorative pumpkins
Most often offered for sale is a mixture of varieties ("Artist", "Rattle", "Souvenir"). The fruits are very diverse. They differ in a bright color, a form (from star-shaped to pear-shaped). Some mixtures offer plants with fruits of similar shape.
Popular types of decorative pumpkins:
- "Orange". Pumpkins are small, reminiscent in appearance and color of orange. Very spectacular.
- "Baby Boo". Vegetables are white, slightly ribbed, their diameter is about 10 cm. The bark is smooth.
- "Sweet Dumpling". Small, flat-round, have dark green stripes with white dots between the yellow edges.
- "Crown". Surprise unusual star-shaped berries. Their size - up to 15 cm. The color is very different - from yellow to bright green.
- "Turkish turban." In appearance, it really resembles a turban. Orange color. Differs sweet juicy pulp, suitable for human consumption.
- "Kleine Bicolor". Fruits in the form of a pear attract attention not only with its shape, but also with a contrasting color. Below it is dark green, above it is bright yellow.
We have listed the names of the most popular varieties, but this is not the whole list.
Let us dwell on how to care for this wonder. The young plant should be protected from frequent spring frosts, they do not differ in resistance to frost. Even a temperature of -1 ° C will be disastrous. Can be planted immediately seedlings. Remember that it is the conditions under which pumpkin grows, directly affect the quality of the berries, the lush greenery.
Sour soil is not suitable, it can withstand saline. It is best to plant a vegetable in a light soil, loose, lime. It is highly fertile. It is good if it is black earth with a part of sand, clay.
Especially carefully you need to choose a place. Planted better away from the cold wind. It will take a lot of sun protection from the wind. To hold powerful stems with large leaves, put a reliable support.
- The plant propagates by seed, but it is better to plant the seedlings immediately. From autumn you can prepare the ground. It is fertilized with manure (5 kg / m2), mineral fertilizers (azofoska at the rate of (40 g / m2). The soil is dug up to a depth of 30 cm.
- Seeds need to be sown in cups, peat pots in the period from April 25 to May 5. Diameter - 10-15 cm. They are filled with a light soil mixture. You can speed up the germination of seeds. To do this, they should be soaked for a day in any stimulator. How to prepare the solution indicated on the packaging. Then the seeds are immediately sown. It is better to choose not freshly harvested seeds, but those that have been stored for 3-5 years.
Landing in the ground
Sowing seeds in the ground is better in the second decade of May, when the air temperature rises to 15-18 degrees. Sowing depth - 7-8 cm.
When planting seedlings seedlings are planted in June. It should be transshipped with extreme caution, the plant can not tolerate this process. The depth of the holes is 15–20 cm, the distance between them is up to 80 cm. The earth should be dusted so that the root neck is below the ground level. Because the grounds will appear characteristic korovye tubercles, which must be powdered with earth.
Using decorative pumpkin
Despite the fact that pumpkins are primarily used to decorate the garden, they can be eaten, candied, jam. For this it is worth using only young fruits. In old berries, the pulp is bitter, it becomes hard.
But it is better to use these unusual beautiful fruits for decoration. From them you can make a strange lantern, a vase, a casket, the whole composition. This is a real find for parents of babies.
So, if you decide to grow an ornamental pumpkin, it is worth considering some simple recommendations. Then on your site will be a real decoration. Decorative pumpkins grow quickly. All summer you can enjoy lush greenery, and in the fall you can harvest amazing fruits. Why not go in the winter making cute crafts from this wonderful vegetable?
What is a decorative pumpkin
Climbing annual plant is grown to decorate their household plots, as well as the facades of houses. In addition, crafts from the pumpkin in the shape of a pear will become a real decoration at children's exhibitions and festivals. Outwardly, she is very much like her garden relative. Growing it is not difficult.
Shoots grow very quickly and reach 2 m. In length (although there are observations when the length reached 4 - 6 meters). But they are much thinner than ordinary pumpkins. Also there are bush varieties that are planted along the terraces to decorate them with their views. The leaves of the ornamental look are a little thinner than the original. But, depending on the variety, color and appearance may vary.
And as the shoot develops, white flowers begin to appear on it, which form the ovary of the future decorative pumpkin.
Fruits of this species usually have a size of no more than 10 - 15 cm in diameter. And for the summer season on one shoot can be formed from 20 to 40 small pumpkins. But the most important thing is that all fruits have the most diverse color.
Therefore, many designers and stylists use this material to create truly unique masterpieces. And the gardeners themselves amaze guests with unusual creative developments. Just look at these photos.
How to grow and care for decorative pumpkin
In order to grow such beauty in the garden plot, it does not require much effort. Decorative pumpkin curly does not require special specific skills and abilities. To do this, you need to know only a few simple techniques.
Decorative pumpkins grow well in the lighted areas. But for them, you still need to make a slight darkening. The soil should be loose, fertile and saturated with neutral or weak acidity.
Before you start planting seeds, they will best be germinated in a dark and warm place. It should be noted that the planting of a decorative pumpkin can be done in two ways:
- With the help of seedlings. In this case, it is best to start planting from April 25 to May 5. Seeds one by one are planted in deep tanks, where the soil is loose and rich in nutrients. And then clean the greenhouse.
- Direct sowing in open ground. This method is done at the beginning of June, after the frosts finally end. And for this they need to be transplanted along with the ground. But this must be done carefully so as not to damage the root. The distance between the shoots should not be less than 20 - 30 cm.
You should know that the plant is vulnerable to low temperatures and does not tolerate a decrease of even one degree. Therefore, it is necessary to prepare the bed in advance so that the night colds do not destroy the harvest.
To care for a decorative pumpkin, you only need to loosen the soil from time to time, and during the time to water the plant. And like any other pumpkins, spring fertilizers are best for it (organic fertilizers are best).
When the first shoots ascend, it will be necessary to make the first feeding. And when the ovary appears, fertilizer is added again.
Usually the plant does not require him to form artificial shoots. But sometimes it is necessary to do pinching when the escape reaches a meter length. This is done in order to speed up the process of growing lateral shoots.
Since the ornamental gourd is predominantly a curling look, therefore, it needs to provide stable support. This support should withstand even small, but heavy fruits, as well as curly thick shoots. And when the first autumn colds come, it will be necessary to cover all the shoots with a special material so that the plant does not die, and yield the next year’s harvest.
How to harvest
If a decorative pumpkin is not properly cared for, it can be affected by various diseases. If such diseases hit the plant, it is necessary to remove the infected part, and treat this place with either a fungicide or an insecticide.
After the fruit has ripened and the leg withers, it should be carefully torn off together with the stem and put to dry. The fruits are placed in one row, and so that the edges do not touch each other. At the same time, the room should be well ventilated, and direct sunlight should not get on the peel so that the color does not lose its color. This process takes about a week with proper care. And the pulp can dry up to 6 months. Periodically, the fruit should be checked for rot, lethargy and mildew. To understand that the pumpkin is completely dry, you need to shake it. Seeds inside must rustle. Everything - the material for the decor is ready.
Is decorative pumpkin good for food?
Decorative pumpkin was originally grown as a form from which you can make a variety of decorations. Therefore, the nutritional qualities of this plant can not be considered. Because ripe pumpkin has a firm skin and no nutrients.
But some varieties, until ripened, and still have a soft shell and pulp, can be used in cooking. But for this, the usual pumpkin is best suited. Can I eat it? Definitely yes. A decorative option to use in design ideas and needlework. Usually gardeners wait for the fruit to ripen and fade, the skin will become thick and rough, and the stem will shrivel.
How to deal with pests
As already mentioned, with improper care, a pumpkin can be affected by a wide variety of diseases and garden pests. And if the plant struck a disease, it is urgent to take action.
Mealy dew - white spots appear on the entire surface of the fruit, stems and shoots, which dry up. This disease is due to the fact that the plant lacks sunlight. Or a sudden decrease in temperature. In order to get rid of the disease, it is necessary to spray the plant with chemical preparations. But the affected fruits will have to be destroyed.
White rot manifests itself in such a way that the surface of the plant is covered with a growth like cotton wool. As well as the affected places begin to sweat. This disease is the cause of high humidity. Therefore, the affected areas are carefully trimmed and processed with chalk or charcoal.
Root rot strikes stem and root. And the cause of the disease are soil fungi that infect a plant if it grows poorly. Therefore, the best way to prevent the disease, you need to disinfect the seeds themselves before planting. Save the plant can only be in the early stages, sprinkled with humus or peat.
Bacteriosis most often infects the leaves, but it can also infect fruits with shoots. Looks like angular brown spots. It is active in a humid environment. And for the prevention of plants treated with 1% solution of bord liquid.
Slugs hit not only the pumpkin. They are considered the scourge of all vegetables. Mostly they can be found on rainy days. Dispose of them with a mixture of slaked lime and ash.
Decorative Curly Pear
For gardeners who have decided to seriously engage in ornamental plant species, you should pay attention to this plant. Pear curling something like a decorative pumpkin. This plant is grown for its appearance to enjoy the beauty of the tree. Fruits do not have a pleasant taste. But the foliage in autumn acquires a beautiful red hue, and in spring it blooms with white flowers.
Moreover, unlike a decorative pumpkin, a pear is not afraid of frost and grows remarkably in temperate latitudes, delighting gardeners with its appearance. But the main feature of this culture is that it has a high resistance to common diseases and parasites.
This plant can be easily combined with decorative pumpkin. For example, a pumpkin in the form of a mushroom will look good near a pear. And if the gardener shows ingenuity and creative imagination, then the area around the tree will become a paradise for the landlord. Therefore, the question: "What to do with it," you can safely answer: "Yes, anything."
The ornamental pumpkin was sectioned for those gardeners who want to grow not only plants that are eaten on their land, but also turn their land into a small paradise for themselves. As you can see, to grow this plant, do not have to put so much effort. Decorative pumpkin grows quickly, gives a good harvest, but it is very sensitive to low temperatures. Therefore, if your site is located in the northern latitudes, it is necessary to prepare all the conditions in advance so that the plant is comfortable. And the fruits can be used for various handicrafts, as well as beautifully decorate your site.
Decorative Pumpkin - fast growing lianaforming shoots up to 6 meters long. Plants are grown mainly as annuals. This variety of pumpkins differs from the usual following characteristics:
- thinner stems
- more branched shoots
- smaller leaves
- the fruits of most varieties do not eat, although they are edible,
- smaller size fruits
- a large variety of shapes and colors of fruits.
Regarding the last point, it is worth noting that gardeners do have something to choose from. There are varieties with round, pear-shaped, bottle, oval and star-shaped fruits. The fruits of a decorative pumpkin, in contrast to the usual, can be of various colors. From 20 to 30 fruits with pulp are formed on each plant. light orange and seeds. Perhaps you do not know that the fruits of the pumpkin in the biological classification are berries.
A flowering plant also has a decorative value. In early summer, yellow, orange or white flowers of medium or large size appear on the climbing plants.
Description of decorative pear pumpkin
This is one of the most unusual and vibrant species. The fruits of the plant are pear shaped. In size, they are usually several times larger than pear fruit. Impressive variety of color options of this pumpkin. Fruits can be orange, red, cream, green, striped, spotty and even white.
Plant forms long branched shoots with leaves of dark green color. Such a liana can be a spectacular decoration of a fence, garden walls, arches or pergolas.
Soil and lighting requirements
Plant tolerant to almost all types of soil, but the best option is saturated with humus, moderately moist soils with sufficient drainage. The optimum level of soil acidity (pH) is 6.5. Before planting, compost should be added to the soil, the amount of which will depend on the natural characteristics of the soil.
The plant will feel much worse on the site where the following related cultures grew:
Most favorable predecessors for pumpkin are:
- winter cereals, such as wheat or corn.
Sometimes gardeners fear that the plant may become ill or die due to the groundwater close to the surface. In fact, it has no effect on the growth and yield of pumpkin.
Pumpkin - light-loving plant. Best of all, it will grow in the area that is illuminated by direct sunlight at least 6 hours a day. In this case, you can count on maximum yield and the best quality of the fruit.
In this case, the plant can grow quite well in the penumbra. Knowing this, some gardeners use this type of pumpkin to protect other plants from weeds. Посаженная на грядках с кукурузой вьющаяся декоративная тыква занимает свободное пространство, одновременно предотвращая разрастание сорняков и украшая огород.
Выращивание тыквы из семян в открытом грунте
Такой вариант выращивания тыквы подходит для южных регионов, где среднесуточная июльская температура не опускается ниже 18 градусов. Сеять семена в открытый грунт следует, если уже нет угрозы заморозков. Специалисты рекомендуют за сутки до посева прогреть семена и замочить их в растворе золы.
After planting, seeds or seedlings must be watered.
Plant care is quite simple. The following main recommendations can be highlighted.
One week after planting, it is necessary to mulch the soil to protect the plant from weeds. Peat, pine needles or even dry soil can be used as mulch.
Important weed regularly and loosen the soil next to the plants. Loosening within two weeks after planting is carried out to a depth of 12 cm, and a month later - up to 5 cm.
Plants should be watered regularly during flowering and formation of ovaries. For irrigation, use only warm water (about 20 degrees).
From the moment the leaves appear, seedlings should be fed with a dry nitrophosphate, and from the time the lashes form, with a solution of this substance.
Competent care also involves the preparation of a strong support for the climbing shoots of the ornamental gourd.
Varieties of decorative pear-shaped pumpkins
There are many varieties of decorative pear-shaped pumpkins. They mainly differ in the shape and color of the fruit. Requirements for planting and care are basically the same. See descriptions and photos of the most popular varieties.
Kleine bicolor. The fruits are shaped like a large glossy pear. According to the name, the fruits combine two colors - bright yellow and green.
Cou-Tors Hative. Variety belongs to the group of so-called wrenches. Fancy fruit with a bright orange pimply shell in shape resemble a swan.
Texas Pumpkin. The plant forms a large pear-shaped fruit, the color of which resembles a watermelon: on a dark green background are light green stripes.
Golden pear. This pumpkin has huge bright orange fruits of a teardrop shape with a hilly shell. Unlike most ornamental varieties, this pumpkin is quite edible. It has a sweetish taste with notes of roasted chestnuts.
Pumpkin "Peanut Butter". Forms large golden-orange fruits of elongated pear shape. Like the previous variety, it can be used for cooking different dishes.
Speckled swan gourd. Rare and very unusual variety. Justifying the name, the fruit looks like a swan with a curved neck. The color of the shell is also unusual: white spots on a green background.
As you can see, decorative pumpkins are a great opportunity to unusual and brightly decorate a personal plot. In addition, the dried fruit is an excellent material for making hand-made decor items: original vases, candlesticks and lamps.
Why is it worth growing it?
- First of all.
This plant is attractive for its originality.
Moreover, it is growing rapidly. Scourge, reaching 4-6 m in length, easily master the provided supports, so that the decorative pumpkin can be successfully used for vertical gardening plot, arbor decoration, trellis, pergolas and so on.
Shrub forms are less common, if you come across the seeds of these varieties, use them for planting in vaseswhich can effectively decorate the terrace or recreation area.
It is interesting for children.
Caring for a plant is not burdensome, and “toy” pumpkins themselves are attractive to kids. Especially if you buy a mixture of varieties: the result will always be a pleasant surprise.
This is a great material for crafts and design.
The design of a country house bathroom or a stylish decoration of the kitchen, decorative candlesticks or caskets, autumn compositions, original gifts - all the possibilities and not count.
Unusual pumpkin fancy shapes and colors can be an element of decor
Unusual gourd pumpkin shapes and bright colors can become independent elements of various decorative compositions.
How she looks like?
Most often, decorative pumpkin seeds are sold in mixture of varieties (for example, 'Rattles' from Euro-Seeds, 'Souvenir' from SeDek, 'Actress' from Gavrish or 'Surprise' from Article). Therefore, every time you plant seeds, you will look forward to the result of your labors: what pleasant surprises await you this season.
Decorative pumpkins are extremely diverse.
Sometimes manufacturers make up mixture by any characteristic feature (for example, in the form of fruits). Thus, the 'Corona' from Plasma Seeds is a mixture with star-shaped fruits, and the 'Turkish turban' from the Article is a mixture of various colors of ornamental turbid-shaped pumpkins.
Decorative pumpkins of various colors
Those who do not like surprises, preferring certainty in everything, can choose the seeds of one of the varieties of decorative pumpkins they like - I will tell you about some of them.
Small (200-300 g in weight) fruits varieties 'Orange' really resemble this fruit: bright orange spherical or slightly flattened pumpkin, especially spectacular against the background of the thick green of long shoots.
Pumpkin Variety Orange
Original white pumpkins with a diameter of about 10 cm in 'Baby Boo' varieties. They are slightly ribbed, with smooth bark and white flesh.
White Pumpkin Varieties Baby Boo
Mini pumpkins 'Sweet Dumpling' varieties form flat-rounded ribbed fruit up to 500 g in weight. Between the ribs (white or pale yellow) there are dark green stripes with small white specks.
Mini Pumpkin Sweet Dumpling Varieties
Pear shaped fruit 'Kleine Bicolor' varieties have a contrasting color with a distinctly traced border of colors: the bottom of each pumpkin is dark green with light stripes, and the top is bright yellow.
Pear-shaped fruit varieties Kleine Bicolor
Generally, growing in the country these unusual fruits, we are dealing not only with different varieties, but also with different types of diverse family of Pumpkin. For example, Lagenaria siceraria — bottle gourd (lagenaria), variety 'Cobra' - with club-shaped fruits of spotty color and bizarre shape
Lagenariya, Cobra variety
Popular turban gourd — Cucurbita maxima var.turbaniformis - is a type large pumpkin (Cucurbita maxima) and, in turn, is presented in various forms and varieties, differing in both color and size of fruits.
Well, the majority of ornamental pumpkins cultivated on our plots are shapes and varieties. small pumpkin, or pumpkin ordinary curly — Cucurbita pepo var.ovifera. It was she who gave us that fantastic variety, which can be surprised endlessly.
In shape, these decorative pumpkins are sometimes divided into:
- star-shaped (she's a pumpkin-crown)
Star gourds, or pumpkin crowns
- pear shaped
But all possible variations in the shape and color of the fruits of the ornamental gourd do not contain such a classification. Single-color, two-color, spotty, striped, smooth and ribbed, rounded, elongated, flattened, curly ...
Decorative pumpkins are unusually diverse in form and color of fruits.
They are unusually diverse - perhaps this is the secret of their popularity? Of course. But the plant simplicity helps to finally conquer the hearts of gardeners.
How to grow it?
Agrotechnics decorative pumpkin does not differ from the ordinary, which was discussed in the article Pumpkin: planting and care. You can plant it in late May - early June right on the garden, but if the climate in your area is not warm, and the summer is short, it is better to grow through seedlings. In order not to injure the plant during transplantation, plant in peat pots.
Agrotechnics decorative pumpkin does not differ from ordinary
The soil needs fertile, loose, neutral. Provide good watering and adequate nutrition, especially pumpkin organic fertilizer. Choose sunny, well-warmed areas: this plant is warm and light-loving.
Ornamental pumpkins are more often climbing, but there are also bush varieties.
Decorative pumpkins are more often climbing, but there are also bush varieties. Climbing need reliable support - this will allow them to maximize their external attractiveness. You can use this plant to disguise farm buildings or an old fence - and the pumpkin is good, and the owners. Just keep in mind: the lash is heavy, so the support must be strong and stable.
Can I eat it?
If we are talking about pumpkin - the culture is traditionally edible - the question of whether it is possible to use in the food a decorative type of vegetable, suggests itself.
For the most part, the fruits of these plants are inedible and are grown as decoration.
For the most part, the fruits of these plants are inedible and are grown exclusively as decoration. Some varieties can be eaten, while unripe fruits - ripening, they become coarser and become unsuitable for food or feed for livestock. And the pumpkin has a glutton, for example, has varieties with sweet, tasty pulp. The white pumpkin of the Baby Boo variety described above is edible.
However, one can meet diametrically opposed opinions about the edibility of individual varieties. So, in the description of the Dutch seeds of the variety 'Sweet Dumpling' we read that this pumpkin is suitable for both raw and culinary processing. She is very sweet, her flesh has an apple flavor. However, the seeds of the same variety from the French manufacturer in another online store are accompanied by a warning that the fruits are not intended for food. Who is right. For me, the question remained open. It will be great if there are experts among the readers who can bring clarity.
When to clean it and how to use it?
Remove the decorative pumpkin to the first frost: frost-damaged fruit will not be stored. Mature (with a hard crust) pumpkin dried and used for decorating the interior and the manufacture of handicrafts.
Remove the decorative pumpkin to the first frost need
Small fruits are usually dried whole, without removing the core. For larger fruits, it is better to carefully remove the pulp and seeds by cutting a small lid on top. Such pumpkins make vases for winter arrangements, decorative boxes, candlesticks, and so on.
From pumpkin larger get a cute vase
To preserve the brightness of the fruit, place them indoors where the sun's rays do not reach. Products from decorative pumpkins can be painted and varnished. This is an excellent activity for children who will be proud of handicrafts from hand-grown pumpkins.
And finally - for inspiration - admire the fantastic works of American artist Marilyn Sunderland. It is hard to believe that all these wonders are cut from the most ordinary pumpkin, isn't it.
Brief description of the plant
Decorative pumpkins are gaining popularity in recent years in Russia. They are often planted near the fence and fence, due to the rapid growth of shoots, which in a short period of time form a thick green screen. In addition, closer to autumn, the magnificent fruits of various colors and forms ripen on them.
This unusual pumpkin, used for decorative purposes, looks very nice. Not only the quaintness and brightness of the fruits will give the garden a unique look, but in the spring, during the flowering period, on the green background of strong pumpkin whips and leaves, bright spots of flowers will please the eye.
The foliage of the plant is not at all inferior in beauty to fruits and flowers. And this allows the fence all season to remain attractive, different and bright.
Planting a decorative pumpkin is a simple matter. The conditions for its cultivation are not at all different from the care of a plant with edible fruits. If the climate allows, the seeds of an ornamental pumpkin can be planted directly in open ground in late May - early June.
In order for the seedlings to develop well, the seeds must be sown to a depth of about 8 cm, when the air temperature is stable and will not be below +12 ° C.
The plant is suitable plot, which is generously lit and warmed by the sun. Soil for the cultivation of decorative pumpkins should be fairly loose, the soil requires fertile and pH-neutral.
Pumpkin is a big fan of organic fertilizers. The introduction of organic matter throughout the season should be regular. In addition to dressings, the plant needs infrequent and abundant watering. The soil moisture must be monitored constantly and intently. Water decorative pumpkin should be warm water.
If the plant does not actively develop, you can carefully plow the soil under a bush and mulch it with humus or peat. Pumpkin consumes a lot of nutrients, so it needs feeding. Experts recommend to feed the plants for the first time within three days after the emergence of seedlings (1 tablespoon a day of azofoski under the bush), and then water well.
Depending on the type, ornamental gourds can grow as a bush or grow. If a liana-like pumpkin is chosen, then a strong support is needed for its growth and comfortable existence. Anything can be used as it, if only it was located vertically. For example, the unsightly walls of any buildings, fences, fences, arches, dried trees, pillars, gazebos, pergolas.
With the help of the antennae, the stem of the pumpkin is pulled out to a rather considerable height. But for reliability, it is better to additionally tie it. Sometimes creepers are used to decorate borders, rabatok and flower beds. In these cases, they are carefully laid out on the edge, which looks very original.
Growing by seedling
Another way of growing is sprouts. Seeds are sown at the end of April in separate containers-cups, the optimal size of which is from 10 to 15 cm in diameter. To accelerate root growth, planting material is soaked for a day in a solution of any growth promoter, and immediately placed in the ground.
Seedlings of decorative pumpkins are grown in a light, but nutritious soil mixture. It should be remembered that the seeds that have been stored for 3-5 years grow best, but fresh seeds are often not the same.
Grown up seedlings are planted in the garden bed in June, when the threat of frost has passed. A pumpkin is very difficult to transfer, therefore it is necessary to carry out transshipment from containers with special care, without disturbing the root system.
Holes for planting should be done at a distance of 70-80 cm and a depth of about 20 cm, filling them with fertile soil with the addition of mineral fertilizer.
Seedlings are grown for a month and planted into a garden bed deeper than it grew in a container, immersing plants in the soil up to the cotyledon leaves, while the root neck should be below ground level so that the plant grows in a small depression. At the time when the root tubercles swell at the base of the stem, they sprinkle the soil on them.
If suddenly the seedlings are already planted in open ground, and according to the weather forecast there should be frosts, the plants should be covered with something. Decorative pumpkin blooms in June, and from the middle of July the first fruits are formed.
Breeders have worked hard to create a variety of plants described. A variety of varieties and types of decorative pumpkins are widely used by landscape designers and amateurs. They vary in size, shape, color of the fruit. In addition, the plants described can be either climbing lianas or small shrubs.
Decorative pumpkin pear
Pumpkins of this type have the form of a pear, as is clear from the name. The size of the fruit is several times the size of a real pear. It will not leave indifferent a wide variety of shades. Fruits are orange, and red, and cream, and green. They can be spotty, striped and even white - all depending on the variety.
The plants of this species form long and branched shoots with dark green foliage. Among the varieties of decorative pumpkin-pear can be the following most popular:
- Kiein bicolour. The variety is distinguished by fruits, resembling a large glossy pear, bright yellow or green.
- Cou-Tors Hative. The fruit of the plant is bizarre, have a bright orange and pimply peel. The form they resemble a swan.
- Speckled swan gourd. The variety is very rare and quite unusual. Its fruits are also similar to the swan in shape. The skin color is green with white spots.
- Texas pumpkin. This variety has large pear-shaped fruit with a color resembling watermelon: light green stripes are on a dark green background.
Вьющаяся декоративная тыква помимо грушевидных растений включает в себя множество других видов и сортов.
- мандариновые тыквы - с маленькими похожими на мандарины оранжевыми плодами,
- звездчатые сорта – плоды похожи на морскую звезду и причудливо окрашены в зеленый, белый, желтый тон либо окрас кожуры сочетает сразу нескольких цветов,
- warty fruits - they are covered with tubercles, painted in yellow, white, green and orange colors,
- turban-like fruits are similar in shape to a turban and are colored orange or marble-green,
- lagenaria or bottle gourd,
- the vicolist - pumpkin with beautiful foliage and variegated fruits.
Decorative pumpkins for the most part are not used in food, they are often grown only for beauty. However, some varieties are quite suitable for food and have good taste.
If you really want to try a decorative pumpkin, you need to remember that the food uses slightly immature fruits, because when they reach maturity they grow coarse, lose their taste and will not work even for preparing food for animals.
For example, some varieties of pumpkin pumpkin have sweet and pleasant-tasting pulp. White Baby Boo pumpkin varieties can also be eaten. A vegetable variety Sweet Dumpling Dutch breeding is very tasty, even raw.
It is necessary to clean decorative pumpkins before the onset of the first frost, while selecting dry and warm weather. If the fruits are caught by frost, they will not be stored for a long time. Do not damage the surface of the fruit during harvesting and leave the stalk.
It is impossible to store the pumpkin in conditions of high humidity in order to prevent its rotting. The air in the storage room must be dry, the temperature - + 16 ... + 18 ° C.
Mature pumpkins with a hard crust can be dried and used for interior decoration, making children's handicrafts, toys, lanterns, pumpkin heads to celebrate Halloween, etc.
The smallest fruits are dried completely, without cutting the core. Larger pumpkins free from the pulp, cutting a small lid on top. Vases for winter compositions, decorative boxes and even candlesticks can be made from dried fruits in this way.
To preserve the bright color of the pumpkin fruit is better placed in a place away from the sun's rays, and products from them can be painted and coated with a special varnish. Children can be connected to this fascinating activity, and they will be happy to make various pumpkin crafts, especially if the children themselves are engaged in their cultivation.
Diseases and pests
Decorative pumpkin, like other types of pumpkins, has good immunity to phytoinfections, so it hurts quite rarely. However, trouble sometimes happens to them.
Most often, this culture is affected by powdery mildew, bacteriosis, white and root rot, as well as anthracnose and yellow mosaic. As a preventive measure, you can soak the seeds before planting in a solution of manganese.
Sometimes the plant becomes a victim of insect pests. Among them are spider mites, gourds aphids, sprout flies, slugs and wireworms.
To combat diseases and pests, it is better to use herbal remedies or folk safe means that are harmless to both humans and animals.
Decorative pumpkin can take a worthy place in your garden. Use it for decoration is very convenient and aesthetic. Garden compositions, decorated with the use of decorative pumpkins and garden flowers, look very original.