Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Clematis Niobe: variety description, planting and care

Clematis Niobe flower is of Polish origin and is considered one of the brightest and most wonderful plants belonging to the buttercup family. Clematis of this species have a very large number of species (more than 300 variations) and are found in different localities.

Today we will give you a description of clematis Niobe, acquaint with the conditions of planting, the rules of care and trimming.

Where do clematis Niobe live and what are their features

Flowering Clematis Niobe inhabit different continents, except Antarctica, swamps and forests. Even clematis combined into one group can differ significantly from one another externally. That is why these flowers are so popular all over the world, because everyone can choose the option that best suits his flower garden.

The advantages of clematis for breeding are:

  • unpretentious in terms of care, coupled with the beautiful form of large buds and a variety of colors,
  • Clematis can grow not only in the suburban areas, but also on the balconies, if you pick up a large container for them.

Features of landing clematis Niobe

Despite the fact that clematis in this group is a very unpretentious plant, however, for its active flowering need to fulfill several conditions:

  • first of all, should be for planting this plant to choose areas with good illumination. Clematis is a light-loving flower, respectively, under planting choose sunny areas, as an option, a little darkened. This recommendation concerns mainly residents of central Russia, but in the south it is better to choose half-shaded places so that the plant does not suffer from soil heating,
  • Choose a site for planting so that the plant is not blown by the wind. It is very dangerous for him, because it can break shoots and spoil the flowering period,
  • since Niobe is a tall enough plant, in order to make it attractive, a support in the form of a fence, gazebo or other fence that allows the flower to grow freely, climbing on supports,
  • the soil for planting should also be properly selected. It should be fertile, moist, should be drainage. Make sure that the soil is not stagnant or acidic, otherwise the plant may not bloom at all, or it will not have the proper form.

Seedlings in the soil must be transferred in late May, when the soil is already well warmed up. Dimples need to dig at a distance of about a meter, this width is most appropriate for the growth of this flower. At their bottom to a depth of 50 cm to lay out the drainage in the form of pebbles or gravel. Then place a humus or compost, peat or sand and superphosphate in the hole, which can give fertility to the soil. Then you plant a scion, bury it to a depth of about 10 centimeters. Tamp the ground near the flower and pour water well. Mulching is mandatory, and they can not be neglected.

How to care for a plant

The fact that clematis unpretentious in terms of care, we have already said. But for him to bloom as long as possible, he still needs to be looked after. There are not so many operations in this regard:

  • regular watering
  • fertilizer application
  • weeding,
  • pruning.

As for watering plants, then Clematis Niobe, like its other varieties, is very picky about liquids; accordingly, it is necessary to moisten it during the growth period especially carefully. Plentifully water it once a week, at most once in 5 days. Check how the plant needs watering at a depth of about 20 centimeters, because this is the root system of the flower. If the soil is dry, then water the plant necessarily.

Be sure to make the necessary fertilizersIn order for the flower to grow to the desired height, this requires a lot of nutrients.

Since clematis of this species is a large-flowered plant, but it is best to feed it once every two weeks. About 1-2 liters of a solution are usually used for a 1-2 bush; you cannot save on this.

During plant growth, nitrogen is usually used for top dressing. If the plant will receive it in sufficient quantity, it will be provided with powerful shoots, and the leaves will be green, not yellow or red. But the absence of nitrogen can adversely affect the plant, which is why it must be constantly present in the soil during flowering.

A very important element is phosphorus. Its absence can be determined by the fact that the leaves almost instantly turn purple, and the shoots develop very poorly. The best use of this fertilizer is the addition of bone meal at the beginning of autumn together with the main top dressing. Also, if necessary, apply superphosphate.

Pruning a plant and its group

Trimming is also an important part of care.. It depends on it the success of flowering clematis. Trimming is performed several times during the season.

The first pruning is done right during planting, the shoots must be shortened to increase the flowering time. And the second pruning is carried out at the beginning of the flowering period. Creepers are cut to the buds, so that there are more new shoots. Last time clematis is cut before winter and the entire surface layer is removed.

In the first year after planting, the plants in the fall must be pruned over the third pair of buds, depending on the pruning group and variety. This is done to make the plant fit better, become stronger and bush up better.

There are three clematis pruning groups:

  • weak pruning - in representatives of varieties that bloom on last year's shoots, in winter there are not mature and weak shoots. Other shoots with a strong growth can be cut by a third, but not shorter than 2 m from the ground, they should also be laid on the ground and sheltered for the winter. And remember that the varieties that bloom on the shoots after wintering with terry or semi-double flowers, due to strong pruning, can either not bloom at all, or bloom with simple non-double flowers on new shoots,
  • moderate pruning - mostly large-flowered varieties begin to bloom on overwintered shoots, and then on the shoots of the current year. In winter, shoots are shortened at a level of about one and a half meters from the ground, laid down and covered,
  • strong pruning - this group applies to those clematis that are beginning to bloom profusely from the end of June, it is better to prune them later by 2-3 pairs of buds in autumn or early autumn. The plant is recommended to cover for the winter.

Clematis Niobe is a perennialwhich can grow in one place for 25 years. For this reason, the site must be prepared very well before landing, as described in the material. And in order to protect the plant from overheating, it is possible to put small flyers around it. Before wrapping it up for the winter, be sure to remove plant debris like fallen leaves that are nearby.

This plant is not particularly demanding in the care, but it should still be present, if you want that clematis pleased you with lush flowering.

Clematis Niobe Description

The flower belongs to the ranunculus family. Plant height can reach up to 2-2.5 meters. Crown clematis has a diameter of about 1 meter.

Consider the main characteristics of creepers.

The flowers are large. The average diameter is 15 cm. At the beginning of flowering, the buds are black and red, after which they acquire a dark red hue. Each flower consists of 6 petals, slightly corrugated at the edges. The core is decorated with contrasting yellow stamens.

The leaves of the plant are complex. The color is dark green.

Clinging to support with antennae.

Flowering for the season takes place in two stages.

The most abundant and colorful bloom is from mid-June to July. From August to September, the second stage of flowering continues. At this time, the abundance of ripening buds is not as intense, unlike the first time. However, this fact does not affect the beauty of the vine at all.

Planting clematis and care in the open field

The plant is a long-liver. Therefore, before planting, you need to choose the right place of his permanent residence. The plant belongs to the light-loving species. The flower will feel great in open sunny areas. Light penumbra is also suitable. But the constant stay of clematis in the shade will entail a reduction in the quality of flowering.

Landing actions:

  • a landing pit measuring 60 * 60 cm is dug out, the depth is about the same
  • the top layer of the earth should be completely cleared of weeds and mixed with equal parts of peat, humus and sand,
  • many gardeners add bone flour, lime and ashes to the soil of 150-200 grams,
  • the drainage on the bottom is laid in the case of dense and clay soil,
  • the roots are evenly spread over the pit and sprinkled with soil,
  • okolostvolny circle better cover mulch.

It is necessary to take into account, the larger the root system, the greater the size of the planting pit. If clematis is not planted deep enough, it will grow badly and risk to freeze out in winter. Planting can be carried out in spring or early autumn.

Clematis Hybrid Niobe is undemanding in content. But all the necessary standard manipulations will have to be carried out:

  • in dry weather, clematis is watered infrequently, but copiously,
  • top dressing is carried out 4 times per season, alternating organic and mineral composition,
  • in the spring, the first shoots must be sent to the support, otherwise they become very tangled, and it is not possible to separate them,
  • in the fall, the plant is cleared of old branches and leaves, and pruning is carried out.

Basically, attention is demanded by young specimens. When the plant is 3-4 years old, it is considered an adult.

Reproduction of culture

Propagation occurs mainly in two ways:

  • vegetative,
  • using seeds.

The first method is more popular among gardeners. If the parent plant is more than 4 years old, then it can be divided. With such reproduction, decorative properties are not lost. But if you collect the seeds from the bush, the diameter of the future flowers will be much less. Therefore, if there is a desire to grow clematis from seeds, it is better to buy planting material in a specialized store.

Vegetative method also involves the propagation of cuttings. To do this, and lignified, and green shoots. Cuttings need to be treated with a growth enhancer and prikopat in containers with a light fertile soil. If the manipulation is carried out in the spring, then in the fall the plant can be planted in open ground. But be sure to cover for the winter with peat, spruce and material. In no case do not use the film, the plant will die.

Clematis Niobe needs periodic pruning. Growth and flowering of a culture directly depend on this. Periodically it is necessary to cut dried whips and broken shoots. But the most responsible in this event is the autumn pruning. Each variety is pruned in different ways.

Features pruning clematis Niobe:

  • the bush is cut in late autumn
  • 50-100 cm of vines are left above the soil,
  • the remaining shoots are laid on the ground and shelter for the winter.

The fact is that on last year's shoots of this particular variety, the first stage of flowering occurs. And on the branches of the current year there is a second blooming of buds.

If necessary, rejuvenate the plant autumn pruning can be carried out much lower.

Diseases

Clematis Niobe, like many other plants, is subject to a number of diseases. The most dangerous for climbing flowers are fungal diseases. These diseases include Fusarium. Manifested in the form of wilting. The disease occurs when the soil moisture.

If signs of fusarium appear, you should:

  • remove yellowed and withering shoots
  • to drain the soil
  • process the plant Bordeaux mixture or copper sulphate.

To avoid such problems, it is better to carry out preventive measures. In early spring, shoots can be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or saline liquid. Very good to plant marigolds or calendula near clematis. These flowers will scare various pests.

Use in decor

Clematis Niobe is a godsend for landscape design. This plant will decorate any corner of the site. You can plant a vine along the fence and create an imitation of a hedge. The plant is often used in the design of a recreation area. Bindweed looks great on the gazebos and decorative supports.

Planting clematis and care in the open field will not cause much trouble. And in return on the site will be indescribable beauty and comfort. Twice in a season unusual bright flowers will decorate a personal plot. And the rest of the green liana favorably decorates the garden area.

Clematis Niobe plant description and care: flower trim groups

Clematis Niobe flower is of Polish origin and is considered one of the brightest and most wonderful plants belonging to the buttercup family. Clematis of this species have a very large number of species (more than 300 variations) and are found in different localities.

Today we will give you a description of clematis Niobe, acquaint with the conditions of planting, the rules of care and trimming.

Flowering Clematis Niobe inhabit different continents, except Antarctica, swamps and forests. Even clematis combined into one group can differ significantly from one another externally. That is why these flowers are so popular all over the world, because everyone can choose the option that best suits his flower garden.

The advantages of clematis for breeding are:

  • unpretentious in terms of care, coupled with the beautiful form of large buds and a variety of colors,
  • Clematis can grow not only in the suburban areas, but also on the balconies, if you pick up a large container for them.

Gardener's Joy: Luxurious Clematis Niobe

The beauty of Polish origin - Clematis Niobe - is truly one of the brightest and most beautiful representatives of the buttercup family. It is distinguished by a fairly large number of diverse species that have more than 300 variants and are found almost everywhere. Forests, swamps and many other continents, excluding Antarctica, can boast such a similar beauty as blooming clematis.

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But clematis, even united by one group, are very different in appearance, which gave them so much popularity among gardeners all over the world. After all, here it is enough just to choose the flower that needs to decorate the garden. Clematis are quite unpretentious and practically do not require care, while differing in a very beautiful form of large buds and numerous colors. People who do not have a summer cottage, can also enjoy the beauty of the plants of this species, because it can grow on the balcony. The main thing that the container for the flower was quite large.

So what is the difference between Niobe and all other clematis?

Short description

Bred relatively recently, only in 1975, by the Zhakman group in Poland, this flower immediately attracted attention with its beauty, quickly making the Niobe variety very popular. It is quite large, often reaches a height of 2 m. The color of the buds is extremely rich, differs from other types of maroon flowers, which sometimes appear almost black. Achieve a large size, the average flower in diameter grows up to 15 cm. Yellow stamens are crowned in the middle of each bud. Petals have a very velvety structure, which is pleasant to hold by hand.

Clematis Niobe leaves are quite complex and consist of three elements at once. At the same time they are odd-pinnate. The color of the leaves has a rich dark green shade. Taken together, it is an excellent flowering vine, which, despite its height, is compact enough and therefore can be grown even in a container.

The peculiarity of clematis Niobe is its abundant bloom. Usually it is accompanied by two stages. The first begins in May, and the flowers continue to delight the gardener's eye throughout June, capturing part of July. After this, the plant requires mandatory pruning, after which the second flowering period begins, lasting the whole of August and September.

Optimum landing conditions

Although clematis is a rather unpretentious plant, in order for it to actively bloom, several basic conditions should be observed. The first of them - you want to choose a place with a sufficiently large illumination. Clematis Niobe is a light-loving plant, so it is best to use a sunny plot for planting, although a slightly darkened one is also perfect for placing it. This rule applies more to residents of central Russia, and those who live in the south choose exactly penumbra for planting clematis, otherwise the plant may suffer greatly from soil heating.

Another enemy of Niobe is the wind, because he can easily break the shoots of a plant, spoiling the flowering period. Therefore, you need to carefully inspect your site and choose a place where the wind will not blow clematis. Нужно помнить, что Ниобе - достаточно высокое растение, то есть для красоты его вида ему потребуется подпорка. Ею прекрасно может стать беседка, забор или любое другое ограждение, которое даст цветку свободно развиваться, карабкаясь по опорам.

Почва для посадки клематиса Ниобе должна соответствовать нескольким правилам - это дренаж, влажность и плодородность. It is required to ensure that the soil is not acidic or stagnant, otherwise the plant will not meet the canons of beauty or does not bloom at all.

Sapling in the ground should be transferred in the last days of May, at this time the soil is already warming enough. The pits are dug a little less than a meter away, which is the optimal width by which this flower grows. At the bottom of the hole in the 50 cm deep, you should definitely lay out any drainage (gravel or pebbles - it does not matter). Then it is placed compost or humus, sand or peat, superphosphate. All this makes the soil very fertile. After this, the process itself is planted, which should be buried to a depth of about 10 cm. It is necessary to tamp the ground near the plant and to pour it with plenty of water. Mulching is an obligatory step, which should never be forgotten.

Clematis Care

Although clematis requires very little maintenance, it is still necessary to follow certain rules so that the plant will delight in flowering for a long time. The entire care of Niobe basically consists of only a few operations: watering, fertilizing, weeding and pruning. As you can see, not such a big list, in which there is nothing complicated.

So, watering the plant: Clematis Niobe, like all other types of this crop, is quite demanding of liquid, which is why it should be thoroughly moistened, especially during the growth period. Such abundant watering should be carried out once a week, after a maximum of 5 days. Check the plant's need for water should be at a depth of about 20 cm, this is where the root system of the plant. If the soil is dry, then watering is required.

Feeding clematis fertilizer is extremely important for him, because in order to grow to such a great height, he needs a significant amount of nutrients. Since Niobe is a large-flowered clematis, then the best solution for it should be feeding 1 time in 2 weeks. Usually about 1–2 liters of the solution itself are used for 1–2 bush, and it should not be saved.

For growing clematis use of nitrogen as a top-dressing is especially suitable. If the plant will receive a sufficient amount of this element, the shoots will be powerful, and the leaves will delight in green, not red or yellow. Lack of nitrogen will negatively affect the plant, therefore, in the soil during the flowering period, this substance must be constantly.

Phosphorus becomes an essential element. Its absence is easy enough to notice, because the leaves almost immediately acquire a purple hue, and the shoots develop very poorly. The best way to use this fertilizer is to add bone meal at the beginning of September along with the main feeding. However, if you notice something was wrong, then superphosphate will come to the rescue.

And finally, pruning. It depends on it whether Niobe will bloom beautifully. It is produced several times per season. The first - occurs directly at disembarkation. Be sure to shorten the shoots, it will help to increase the length of flowering.

The second is carried out at the beginning of the flowering season. Creepers need to be shortened to the buds, this will give impetus to new shoots. The last pruning occurs in the winter when the entire overhead layer of the plant is removed.

Conclusion and conclusions

Clematis is a perennial plant that can live in one place for up to 25 years, which is why you should carefully prepare the site even before planting. To keep the flower from overheating, you can place small flyers around it. Before you wrap the plant for the winter, you should remove plant debris (fallen leaves, etc.) from the soil below it.

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Clematis Niobe: variety description

Clematis (clematis) is a climbing perennial plant of the buttercup family. Currently, this wonderful flower is becoming increasingly popular among gardeners. Now you can meet him in almost every garden, because the plant is of exceptional beauty, quite unpretentious, does not require special care. Clematis flowers can have very different shapes and colors. Such a winding vine is well suited for vertical gardening of arbors, walls, arches, decorative trellises, tree trunks and shrubs. Often they grow it on terraces and balconies, in large containers.

Clematis Niobe (Clematis Niobe) (3)

Clematis Niobe (Clematis Niobe) - Very old, well-known variety, which is still one of the best purple varieties. Blossoming very plentiful and long from the beginning of July and to frosts. Flowers large uncovered with wide velvet rich maroon-purple petals and light stamens. Blooms profusely and continuously from June to September. A great option for growing in containers. Winter hardiness zone: 4 (-35 ° C).

Clematis - perennial beloved by many gardeners, belongs to the group of vines. Pretty unpretentious plant that does not require particularly sophisticated care, striking in its picturesque. Clematis bloom throughout the summer, bright flowers of various colors against the background of lush green foliage. According to various sources of clematis there are from one and a half to three thousand. They differ in size and structure of the flower, color, flowering time and other characteristics. Clematis fairly calmly endure even the most severe winters, but the prerequisite is to create a safe shelter for them.

Place for landing Clematis Niobe (Clematis Niobe). Clematis is a light-loving plant. Landing should be sunny and protected from the winds. Clematis grows best on the southern, southeastern, and southwestern sides. A little shading does not hurt them; the main thing is that the plant is exposed to the sun for at least 5-6 hours a day.

Soil for Clematis Niobe (Clematis Niobe). The best soil is fertile loose loam, which allows water to pass through well. Sour, heavy or saline soils are not suitable for clematis.

Landing Clematis Niobe (Clematis Niobe). The best time to plant clematis is spring or early fall. Before landing we establish supports about 2 meters high. It is important that the supports are not located close to the wall, otherwise the water flowing from the roof during the rain will flood the plant, and this is unacceptable. Before planting, inspect the root system; if the roots are dry, soak them in water for several hours. In the planting pit to the garden ground add humus, sand, liter jar of wood ash and 100 g of complex fertilizer. From the prepared mixture we form a mound, set a seedling on it, straightening the roots. Sprinkle the roots with earth, deepening the root collar to protect clematis from freezing. After planting, we water the plant; we mulch the soil around it. It is advisable to pretitle the plant from direct sunlight. To do this, you can plant around annuals (marigold, calendula) or perennials with a shallow root system (phlox, chamomile, iris).

Clematis Niobe care. Clematis care consists of loosening the soil and weed control. Water the plants abundantly, but do not fill. In the first year after planting we do not fertilize, in subsequent years in the spring during active growth we add nitrogen, during budding - complex mineral fertilizer, after flowering, in August we exclude nitrogen from feedings, we bring in only phosphorus and potassium. In the first year after planting, we remove all the buds. In order to stimulate the development of lateral shoots, you can pinch the top of the vine. In process of growth we carry out a garter to a support.

Proper pruning Clematis Niobe (Clematis Niobe). Autumn clematis pruning is carried out at the onset of cold weather, but before the onset of frost. In the first year of life for all types of clematis, the rule of pruning is one: leave one sturdy shoot, cutting it at the level of 20-30 cm. This will provoke the development of new side shoots in the next season. In subsequent years, all dry, diseased, thickening shoots are necessarily removed, then the pre-winter pruning is carried out directly. The pruning technique depends on which group the liana belongs to according to the nature of flowering, and there are three of them:

1. Blooming on the shoots of last year.

2. Flowering in two terms: at the beginning of summer on last year's shoots, at the end - on the shoots of this year.

3. Blooming on young shoots growing in spring. In such clematis, all of last year's shoots die off during the winter, and new ones form in the spring.

Clematis of the third group pruning pruned almost under the root, leaving above the soil surface "hemp" height of 10-15 cm with 2-3 buds. In addition, there is a universal way of pruning, when the shoots are cut, relatively speaking, through one: one on a stump, the other is cut only the top. This technique is even useful, because the result is a rejuvenation of the bushes. And the flowers of such plants will be evenly distributed over the entire surface of the vine.

Shelter Clematis Niobe (Clematis Niobe). Preparations for the shelter of clematis begin with the onset of night frost. Spud the base of the bush to a height of 10-15 cm with humus, compost or just garden soil. This technique will protect plants from light frost. The last stage before clematis shelter is the prevention of fungal diseases. Spray the ground around the bushes with a solution of fungicide, and then sprinkle with wood ash. Finally we cover clematis when the soil begins to freeze, and the air temperature drops to 5-6 degrees below zero. The shelter of clematis of the third group of pruning is not difficult. It is enough to spud shoots stronger, cover with a wooden box turned upside down, sketch over dry foliage or the same branch tree, and wrap with sacking or roofing felt. Important to remember! Clematis shelter is carried out only in dry clear weather. In winter, if there is insufficient snow cover, throw snow on shelters yourself. In harsh winters, even a sheltered plant can freeze slightly, but even in this case, it can be restored quite easily and blooms well, although at a later date.

Breeding Clematis Niobe (Clematis Niobe). We multiply clematis by dividing the bush at the age of 5 years and older. Sideways, we separate the shovel part of the root system and plant it as an independent plant.

The use of Clematis Niobe (Clematis Niobe) in garden design. Clematis is an incredibly decorative climbing plant. With it, you can decorate the entrance to the house or veranda, decorate the gazebo or arch, pergola. From clematis you can create multi-colored columns, pyramids, borders. They can play the role of ground cover plants. You can grow clematis on the balcony and indoors in wide, deep containers.

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Origin and characteristics of the variety

Hybrid large-flowered clematis, bred by the Polish breeder Vladislav Noll in 1975, belongs to the “Jacman” group. A woody vine growing up to 2.5 meters is suitable for use as a garden plant in most climatic zones of Russia, as well as for growing in containers and decorating balconies, loggias, courtyards and open verandas.

In the middle lane "Niobe" blooms from July to September on the shoots of the current year. Buds appear quite late and almost never damaged by return frosts. Flowers have a diameter of 10-15 cm (rarely up to 17 cm). Each consists of 4-6 velvety petals of elongated-elliptical shape, with sharp tips, a “grooved” strip in the center, sometimes with slightly wavy edges. The color at the beginning of flowering is almost black, the bulk of the flowers - dark purple. Anthers are rather short, bright yellow.

According to gardeners, the variety is not too picky about the mineral composition of the soil. It tolerates even fairly severe winters, is rarely damaged by pests and is poorly affected by diseases. However, the plant has its own characteristics. Some gardeners note that this clematis “matures” for a relatively long time: it begins to bloom abundantly only in its 3-4th year of life. In addition, the variety does not feel very well when the air humidity is too high. In wet rainy summer, the number of flowers on the bushes is noticeably reduced.

Planting and care

The variety does not require agricultural technology, in any way beyond the standard rules of cultivation of clematis.

When planting, it is important to optimize the acidity of the soil, adding “acidifying” or “alkalizing” components to the pit, as well as properly organizing the drainage to eliminate the possibility of water stagnation in the root zone. In the spring, it is necessary to carry out sanitary pruning, and in summer to ensure that the bush does not thicken, and its root system does not overheat.

Trim group

Clematis trimming group "Niobe" - the third. In the fall, all shoots are shortened radically, leaving no more than 2-3 knots above the ground. In the middle belt, the plants successfully endure the winter under a thick layer of mulch, and in areas of “risky farming” - under small shelters. According to some experts, in the southern regions there is experience in the formation of bushes in accordance with the second group of pruning, which allows to increase the flowering period and get the "first wave" on saved last year's stems.

Judging by the photo, Clematis "Niobe" perfectly harmonizes with varieties that have flowers of pastel colors, including tall ones. Impressive landscape compositions are obtained when this plant is placed next to the bushes of delicate park roses and among other ornamental plants. The nobility and elegance of the flowers of the vines fully explain its popularity not only in Russia, but also in many other countries.

Reviews of summer residents

Valentina, 52, Moscow Region

I saw this variety from my country house neighbors, fell in love and asked me to grow layers for me. The following season, she received the coveted sapling, placed it in the center of the flowerbed and waited for an impressive flowering. In the first two years, I was disappointed: the bush normally gathered a green mass (I radically mowed it before winter), but did not seem to be going to bloom. On the third summer, several flowers appeared, this also seemed unconvincing. I had already stopped waiting, but in the fourth year the clematis struck me: the bush thickly encircled the support and bloomed so that there were no leaves behind the flowers! This rampage lasted for a month and a half, and it fully met my expectations. In general, I am pleased with the variety: it is very beautiful, and practically does not require any extra care. As for long maturation ... Perhaps this is not always the case, depending on the soil or on the climate. In any case, such beauty can wait.

Maria, 47 years old, Bryansk

Excellent grade. We have been living in the country for many years. It was originally planted in the garden, on an individual support. Grew well, not sick, but bloomed very moderately. I took cuttings from it, rooted it, and planted a couple of the seedlings I received in the vases. They are standing in our rocky courtyard, and they have been blooming for three years already, so that all the neighbors admire. Apparently, this clematis in our area feels better in container culture. For the winter I cut the bushes in the third group, thickly mulch the soil in the vases and cover with lutrasil. The roots did not freeze once. In the summer it is necessary to ensure that the earth com does not dry out, and sometimes feed them with complex fertilizer, that’s all the work.

Vladislav, 43 years old, Crimea

I tried to grow "Niobe" in a two-year culture. I think what happened: in May-June there was flowering on last year's stems and the bulk of young annual shoots from July to October. True, the first wave turned out to be some kind of unimpressive, there were few colors. I will not repeat this experience anymore. Делать обрезку по третьей группе гораздо проще, и для декоративности куста ничуть не хуже. А вообще, сорт замечательный. Рядом со светлыми розами выглядит прекрасно. Из всех моих клематисов это один из самых любимых.

Как выглядит цветущий клематис «Ниобе» можно посмотреть в следующих видеороликах, снятых садоводами на Украине и в Прибалтике:

Окончила МГРИ им. Орджоникидзе. По основной специальности – горный инженер-геофизик, а значит человек с аналитическим складом ума и разнообразными интересами. I have my own house in the village (respectively, the experience of gardening, horticulture, mushroom growing, as well as fussing with pets and poultry). Freelancer, in terms of their responsibilities perfectionist and "bore". Amateur hand made, the creator of exclusive jewelry made of stones and beads. A passionate admirer of the printed word and a reverent observer of everything that lives and breathes.

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In small Denmark, any piece of land is very expensive. Therefore, local gardeners have adapted to grow fresh vegetables in buckets, large packages, foam boxes filled with a special earth mixture. Such agrotechnical methods allow you to get a crop, even at home.

Humus - rotted manure or bird droppings. It is prepared this way: manure is piled up in a pile or a pile, interbedded with sawdust, peat and garden soil. Burt covered with a film to stabilize the temperature and humidity (this is necessary to increase the activity of microorganisms). Fertilizer "ripens" within 2-5 years - depending on external conditions and the composition of the feedstock. The output is a loose homogeneous mass with a pleasant smell of fresh earth.

In Australia, scientists have begun experiments on cloning several varieties of grapes grown in cold regions. Climate warming, which is predicted for the next 50 years, will lead to their extinction. Australian varieties have excellent characteristics for winemaking and are not susceptible to diseases common in Europe and America.

It is necessary to collect medicinal flowers and inflorescences at the very beginning of the flowering period, when the content of nutrients in them is as high as possible. The flowers are supposed to be torn by hands, tearing off the rough stalks. Dried collected flowers and herbs, scattering in a thin layer, in a cool room at natural temperature without access to direct sunlight.

New American developers - robot Tertill, performing weeding in the garden. The device is invented under the direction of John Downes (the creator of the robot vacuum cleaner) and works autonomously under any weather conditions, moving on uneven surfaces on wheels. At the same time, he cuts off all plants below 3 cm with the built-in trimmer.

One of the most convenient methods for harvesting a grown crop of vegetables, fruits and berries is freezing. Some believe that freezing leads to the loss of the nutritional and beneficial properties of herbal products. As a result of the research, scientists found that the reduction in nutritional value during freezing is practically absent.

Convenient Android apps have been developed to help gardeners and gardeners. First of all, these are sowing campaigns (moon, flower, etc.) calendars, subject journals, collections of useful tips. With their help, you can choose a day that is favorable for planting each type of plant, determine the timing of their ripening and harvest in time.

It is believed that some vegetables and fruits (cucumbers, celery, all types of cabbage, peppers, apples) have a "negative caloric content", that is, more calories are consumed during digestion than they are contained. In fact, the digestive process consumes only 10-20% of the calories obtained with food.

From varietal tomatoes, you can get "your" seeds for sowing the next year (if you really liked the variety). And with hybrid it is useless to do it: the seeds will be obtained, but they will carry the hereditary material of the wrong plant from which it was taken, but of its many “ancestors”.

Clematis 3 pruning groups: photos and descriptions of varieties

Clematis is a curly perennial favored by gardeners. It attracts beauty, a variety of shapes and colors of inflorescences.

A beginner florist during the purchase of a sapling of this decorative creeper should pay attention not only to the appearance, characteristics of the variety, winter hardiness, but also the pruning group to which the plant belongs.

What is the trimming scheme of clematis 3 groups?

With pruning, it's pretty simple. All last year's shoots, on which clematis blossomed the previous summer, are cut to one (maximum to two) buds.

Two-year and three-year, as well as damaged or frozen, last year's shoots are removed on the ring.

Young growth, which was formed last season, but did not bloom on it, does not need to be removed.

Young clematis in the year of planting is sure to be cut in the fall so that it will catch on well and overwinter. In plants, 3 groups of pruning pruned all shoots to three buds. The term pruning - October - early November (before the first frost).

Clematis 3 pruning groups: the best varieties and types

To group 3 pruning include the following types of clematis:

  • Clematis Jakman
  • clematis eastern,
  • Clematis Vitichella,
  • clematis raznosistny,
  • Clematis of Tangut,
  • Clematis Texensis,
  • clematis straight.

Clematis varieties 3 groups a large number. We have compiled a selection of the most popular ones. Take note!

Alyonushka is attractive by pink inflorescences similar to bells. The length of the vine reaches 1.5-2 m, but note that the shoots of plants of this variety do not cling to the support and, therefore, need a garter.

Flowering lasts the entire season - from June to September. The variety has excellent frost resistance and is perfect for growing in the middle lane.

Clematis Arabella will please with large purple flowers with a cream "corolla" in the center. Such a plant will decorate any garden. It is not surprising that this is one of the most common varieties of this vine.

Clematis Arabella blooms from June to October, grows up to 2 m in length. In the summer, the entire vine is densely covered with buds. Frost varieties are very high.

This plant can be grown as a groundcover or balcony.

Walenburg is a luxurious variety of Vitatsella clematis with violet-pink petals with a white center. It blooms in June-September.

The length of the creeper reaches 3 m. The shoots climb well along the support - including lush shrubs and trees.

Clematis variety Grunwald admires the rich purple color of the inflorescences. The flowers themselves are quite large - with a diameter of 10-12 cm. The plant can reach 3.5 m in length.

Flowering occurs in June-September.

The grade is unpretentious, perfectly is suitable for gardening of arbors, pergolas, fences.

Danuta is a variety of large-flowered clematis with a lilac-pink color of petals. It blooms magnificently in June-July, unlike most other "brothers" in the third group of pruning.

The length of the vine is 2.5-3.5 m. The shoots cling well and do not need a garter. The frost resistance of this clematis is high.

Madame Julia Korrevon

Clematis variety Madame Julia Korrevon admires incredible wine-red inflorescences, which he covered from June to September.

Despite its beauty, this clematis is distinguished by unpretentiousness, undemanding to the soil, winter hardiness. It grows wildly, reaching 4 m in length, and is suitable for creating a summer hedge on a grid support.

Purpurea Pleno Elegance

The pride of Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegans - terry inflorescences of purple. By such a garden creepers will not pass!

This clematis blossoms in July-September. The length of the vine is up to 3 m. The variety is considered to be frost-resistant. It should be borne in mind that the plant needs good lighting.

The variety with the funny name Roko-Kolla is a creation of Estonian breeders. This clematis is touched by white inflorescences with cream veins.

The length of the creeper is small - about 1.5-2 m. This clematis blooms profusely, from August to October.
It climbs well on supports, conifers and bushes.

You may be useful to other materials Ogorod.ru on the cultivation of clematis:

Clematis classification into 3 groups by pruning - some varieties, their photo and description

Clematis are considered the undisputed favorite of gardeners. Due to the wide range of colors, sizes and shapes of flowers, they are able to transform any area.

Of all the diversity, 3 groups are distinguished, differing in some nuances of care, in particular, the method of pruning. The last of them includes species and hybrid clematis, varieties and photos of which are presented in the article.

A detailed description and characteristics, as well as feedback from experienced growers will provide more information about these plants.

What varieties and types belong to group 3

The 3rd group of pruning includes most clematis varieties found in gardens. These are branched vines with long (4-6 m) shoots and a strong root system.

Zhakman's group. Quite large plants, reaching a height of 2-4 m, depending on the variety. In a sunny place, the vine does not grow as long as in partial shade, but flowering is much more abundant. The leaves of clematis Zhakmana complex, from 3-5 leaves. The flowers are fully disclosed, there may be different shades. Large in size - from 8 to 20 cm in diameter.

Varieties belonging to this group form buds only on new, current shoots. At the end of autumn they are severely cut. Popular varieties of this group:

  • Clematis Bella - has short shoots (up to 2 m) and white star flowers. The term of flowering from July to September. Very winter hardy.
  • Rouge Cardinal - the length of the shoots is the same as that of the previous variety. Petals of cruciform flowers of purple color. It blooms in the middle of summer. For the winter is better to cover.
  • Gipsy Queen - vine up to 3.5 m, forming a massive bush. Bright purple petals practically do not fade in the sun.

Vititsella Group - it is presented by grades with violet flowers of various intensity of coloring. They can be both open and drooping. The diameter of the flowers is 10-20 cm. The shoots of this group grow very quickly and reach a length of 3-3.5 m. Some varieties of the group:

  • Viola - the height of the bush reaches 2.5 m. Flowers open. Their color is dark purple with purple streaks.
  • Wil de Lyon - shoots up to 3.5 m long. Carmine-red petals fade in the sun. Flowering is long and abundant. Up to 15 buds can form on each shoot.

Tip For clematis, it is better to use a vertical grid as a support. So they will look like a living wall, covered with flowers on both sides.

Integrifolia group. This species is not able to cling to the support itself. The height of the bushes is about 2.5 m. The flowers are drooping, have the appearance of bells and a variety of colors.

Clematis Durand - is considered one of the most beautiful in this group. A fast-growing shrub with simple, egg-shaped leaves. Flowers, often consisting of 4 petals, open, drooping, small.

The color of the petals is deep purple, the anthers are yellow.

Tangutik Group - very high, 3-4 m vine, covered with orange-yellow, small (3-10 cm in diameter) drooping flowers that look like physalis. Prefers bright lighting. It blooms from June to September.

Group Texensis - one of the most beautiful clematis. Flowers, consisting of 4 petals, have the shape of a jug and do not fully reveal. The color scheme is red, pink, purple.

Eastern Clematis - very long vine (4-6 m). In July-August it is covered with yellow, pubescent flowers consisting of 4 petals. Shaggy, ornamental fruits in autumn become a wonderful decoration of the garden.

Lovers reviews

Florists speak of 3 groups, as very beautiful, resistant to diseases and adverse weather clematis. It is recommended to sow low annuals around the base of the vines that will shade the root zone and prevent the plant from suffering during hot periods.

Clematis can be called the most beautiful of the representatives of the buttercup family. Each of its species can become the main focus of the garden. And you should not be afraid of difficulties in growing. The main thing is to figure out which group the plant belongs to and provide it with proper care.

Clematis 3 pruning groups - my new varieties

September 19, 2017 Clematis

Clematis 3 pruning groups are most adapted to our climate and a big plus of clematis varieties belonging to pruning group 3 is a simple shelter for the winter.

  • They must be cut in the fall and covered with sand, leaves or humus.
  • They can not be cut off and, if the winter is mild, the lashes remain on the support and begin to bloom in the spring, and if they are still frozen, cut them in the spring.
  • They can be partially cut high above the ground - 1.0 - 1.5 m and cover the lash, then the flowering will begin earlier in late May, and not at the end of June and will first be in the lower part of the vine, and then move up on new shoots.
  • They can sometimes be forgotten to be covered completely, and if the planting was at a good depth and the root system has already grown well, only the upper level of the roots will freeze and the buds will remain in the lower level.

At the same time, they are large-flowered varieties, re-blooming in autumn in September. You can pick up the flowering period - in early June - early. And beginners to bloom in July are late.

The colors are very light - pink, lilac and blue, red and velvet dark purple.

My very first varieties I mentioned in the Clematis article of the Jacquesman group.

Younger varieties have already crossed the five-year milestone and also showed their characteristics. I give their description in the article Clematis - my new varieties of the Jacquman group.

And these are very young varieties of clematis of the Jacmanman group, which are just starting to gain strength in me and belong to the 3rd pruning group.

I repeat that first I give a description from the official website of the Royal Horticultural Society of Great Britain.

And then I give my description.

Crimson King (Crimson King, Crimson Star, Crimson Star, Crimson King)

A.G. Jackman United Kingdom, 1915

Large dark red flowers with a diameter of 12 to 18 cm, sometimes early semi-double flowers. Greenish-white threads and contrasting purple or red anthers. Petals from 5 to 8.

Flowering June, July, August, September.

When dissolved, the flowers of this clematis are pink-red, then slightly brighten. The main mass with a diameter of 10-13 cm

It blooms well on a one-year increase, so you can trim completely for the winter as varieties belonging to the 3rd pruning group. A lot of flowers, the average growth power.

Very similar to Ernest Markham (Ernest Markham), but I do not have this sort, so there is nothing to compare with.

Clematis in the garden: the best varieties of the second and third group pruning

The two main advantages of the buttercup shrubs, better known as clematis, are that they grow rapidly and bloom profusely and for a long time. In one season, the length of the stems can overcome the mark and 2, and 4 meters.

It depends on the variety, climate and proper care and cultivation. A unique number of shapes and shades of flowering parts of the plant awakens the wildest fantasies, not only among professional landscape designers.

Anyone who has tried to breed clematis in a garden grower can safely consider himself to be their ardent admirers.

A variety of clematis garden decoration is a tribute to modern fashion for liana-like perennials that came to Russia from Europe. Any vertical form due to the neighborhood of clematis turns into an exotic decoration of the local area.

Clematis are used in the design of the garden, in landscape design for the design of various arches, arbors, trellises, terraces.

Flowering branches are indispensable when there is a need to hide from old eyes an old tree, shrub, stump or decorate a wall.

The existing opinion that growing clematis in a winter garden without many hours of effort and uninterrupted hassle is impossible, it has long been refuted by the experience of thousands of gardeners who successfully cultivate the vine on their garden plots in any region of the country.

Due to its undemanding nature of the soil, all care for clematis in the garden comes down to regular abundant watering and proper annual planting of the shape of the plant - preparation for the next summer season.

How to plant, how to care and how to breed some types of clematis, will be described below.

Clematis come from Poland - all the colors of the rainbow in the same garden

Polish clematis Mazury was bred in the first decade of the 21st century, the originator - S. Marcinski. This is a winter-hardy plant of medium height, not more than three meters. Stems grassy, ​​green, leaves simple, solitary. Terry flowers in a diameter up to 16-18 cm.

The color of the sepals - lavender-blue, in the center - light yellow stamens. On one bush about 200 beautiful terry balls bloom at the same time.

The first description of Clematis Mazuri appeared relatively recently, but the variety has already won several awards at international festivals and the love of gardeners all over the world.

The silver prize-winner of the international exhibition “Greens is Life” in 2006 Clematis Mazovshe is a late variety of giant flowers. A strong-growing plant with a length of more than 3.5 meters.

All summer until autumn the bush is a firework of maroon-red shades, covered with flowers with a diameter of 20 cm, with velvety wide petals. The center is a hedgehog of purple anthers on cream legs.

Awakening plants - in the spring, when the first shoots start to appear from the points of root growth. Trimming for the winter by the type of the third group (strong).

The compact compact Clematis Perida feels great not only in the summer garden, but also in large containers indoors (in a container). The height of its stems is not more than 2 m. The leaves are single or three-toed, heart-shaped.

Simple red flowers are collected from oval sepals with sharp narrow tips. They resemble a wide bowl with a diameter of 13-16 cm, in the center - a purple-red anther spider.

На новых травянистых побегах, отросших с начала сезона, в летние месяцы буйный цвет. Обрезка по третьему типу.

Экзотика форм и цвета – клематисы из Японии

Выходец из Японии клематис Red Star удивляет уникальным количеством махровых и полумахровых цветков.

Each in diameter can be up to 14 cm, consists of 20-40 lancet-like elongated petals, changing shade from red at the tips to light pink on the base. In the center of the sepal - pink flare.

Pistil stamens are yellow-white. Variety srednerosly, up to 2 meters. Frost resistance is weak. Good immunity to diseases of the species.

The novelty of the new millennium Clematis Rooguchi - winner of many prizes at international exhibitions. Bred by Japanese breeders.

The variety has features - stems from 1 to 2 m long cannot twist the supports themselves, vertical gardening only when fastening. Flowers - medium-sized, undisclosed blue bells hanging on long legs.

Pruning is strong - to the soil, in the autumn. Formation of bells on new grassy shoots.

Oriental carpet of purple shades - Clematis Blue Bird

Exotic clematis The gray bird will not leave indifferent any contemplator of its fantastic flowers. Six long narrow purple or blue, twisted, spaced petals, connected by purple anthers in the center - an extraordinarily beautiful sight.

And such inflorescences on one bush more than 100 pieces are formed. The lianoid bush does not have the ability to climb vertical supports. If it was not fixed on the trellis, it would appear as an exotic oriental carpet. The length of the branches does not exceed 2 meters.

It is clipped to the ground.

The lower the pruning, the more profuse the flowering next year.

Like a Van Gogh picture

In the Jacquman group, Clematis Tai Dai hybrid is famous for the rare coloration of large flowers. Fantastic beauty of the inflorescence seems to have just come from under the brush of an impressionist painter: on a white background, broad corrugated petals, divorces and strokes of a gentle light-violet color. Such a plant does not get lost in the garden of Eden.

The length of the branches in a warm climate is more than 4 m, in the Middle zone it is about 2 m. The group of the bush formation is the third. Enthusiastic reviews of Clematis Tai Dai appeared immediately after his presentation in 2006, in America, where he came from.

On the territory of Russia is not too widespread yet, but most likely, this is a matter of the near future.

Fragrant purple garlands - Clematis Sweet Summer Love

Small-flowered Clematis Sweet Summer Love blooms from July to September. A tall plant with long branches more than three meters in length gracefully twists around any vertical support.

No less impressive looks and as a groundcover decoration of the landscape. For the purple-red flowers 3-4 cm across are not visible beautiful dark green leaves.

The variety has a bright aroma, thanks to which reviews of Clematis Sweet Summer Love are always just enthusiastic. Pruning is strong, to the second node.

Clematis of weak pruning bloom from May thunder to leaf fall.

In early spring, when other plants are just planning to move from seedling cups to the ground, the buds of the first flowering wave are already laid on last year's branches of clematis.

These are varieties belonging to the second pruning group. The stage of spring floral abundance falls on the end of April - the beginning of May in the regions of mild climate.

The second wave - on the tender green grassy shoots in July and August.

Miss Bateman - snow-white classic

Clematis Miss Bateman belongs to the Patents group (large-flowered perennials). These are vines of medium pruning, shoots are partially removed. Miss Bateman - climbing plant with large white simple flowers.

8 white broad oblong sepals with a pinkish spot in the center partially overlap each other. From the center, purple anthers, petals slightly down, in the form of an open bowl. Inflorescence diameter - 15 cm. Leaves are three-toed, green, medium size.

The length of an adult plant is 2, 5 meters. Flowering in two waves - in May and in the middle of summer. Very similar in appearance and type of trimming clematis Ballerina, a variety of domestic breeding, named after Maya Plisetskaya.

The species is more winter-hardy, since it is specially zoned for the Russian climate of the Middle Belt.

Terry individualism in lilac color - clematis Multi Blue

The fascinating blue flowers of Clematis Multi Blue are two-colored terry. The lower part is an open bell of 6-8 ovate purple-blue sepals, the upper one is a lilac-greenish-yellow pom-pom from narrow twisted petals.

Unlike most scraping plants of the second group, pruning forms terry inflorescences on both the old and young shoots throughout the spring and summer season. The lianas of the Multi Blue variety in summer reach two meters in length. In the fall, low to the ground, last year's woody stems are pruned, the shoots of the current year are shortened, removing a fourth part.

A representative of the buttercup family of the Patents group is a frost-resistant plant, but in the regions of the Middle Band for the winter, the basal zone is still insulated.

White Clematis Blue Blood

Terry Clematis The Duchess of Edinburgh is a magnificent garland of snow-white flowers. In May and June, they look like wonderful spherical-shaped pompons, from July to August - simple white flowers of 6-8 petals. Terry decorate the plant twice as long as simple, up to 20 days. But summer flowering is more abundant than spring. Pruning group - the second, weak.

Clematis Omoshiro from Japan is a true exotic miracle that amazes with its tenderness from May to September. Large white, slightly pinkish flowers not less than 15 cm in diameter are collected from 6-8 ellipsoidal sepals. The edge of each petal is as if circled with mascara with the help of a very thin brush.

Filigree accuracy and exciting tenderness - this is what comes to mind at the sight of this flower. Lilac anthers on cream legs only decorate it. On vertical supports, creepers are able to climb to a height of 2-3 meters. Prefers loziny well-lit places, but without direct sunlight.

In the light, the flowers turn pale and lose their exotic feature. Trimming - partial, weak, second group.

Blue and purple - colors of reliability and unpretentiousness

Known since the eighties of the last century Clematis Flower Ball, originator - M. Beskaravaynaya. Lianoid shrub from the Lanunginosis group blooms in two stages - in the spring on last year's lignified stems, in the summer - on green grassy ones.

Huge simple flowers more than 20 cm in diameter, the color is lilac-blue, with a purple spot in the center. Sepals - wide ovals with corrugated edge. The height of the stems - up to 2.5 meters. The leaves are simple or triple, dark green.

Flowering from June to September, the pruning group is the second, weak.

Clematis of General Sikorski, derived in Poland, quickly gained popularity among lovers. Blue and purple varieties are considered the most picky among clematis. And their beauty is undeniable. The group of the formation of the second bush. Vine lengths of up to three meters, covered with large purple flowers, variety will decorate any landscape.

A long flowering period, coupled with the simplicity of agrotechnology, always serves in favor of choosing dark-flowered species.

Clematis Henryi - the elder in the ranunculus family

Perhaps it was thanks to this variety called Clematis Henry that the victorious procession of liana-like bushes across Europe began.

One of the oldest varieties known since the 19th century, Clematis Henryi, is a large-flowered, early-flowering plant of the buttercup family. A tall bush is able to braid a support more than 3 meters high.

Simple white flowers more than 15 cm in diameter, at the same time more than 100 pieces are formed. Weak pruning ensures the beginning of flowering in June and its end with the onset of stable cold days in September-October.

Stars of Polish Festivals

Two-colored Clematis Serafina is another Polish member of the family. Combines in the color of flowers pink-purple and white colors.

The peculiarity of the variety is that the edges of the long lanceolate petals are of a dark shade, and from the base to the pointed tip there is a longitudinal wide white stripe.

Bright stars of flowers in the diameter exceed 20 cm. Two stages of the formation of flower garlands - in May and in August.

Clematis Maidwell Hall, an early semi-terry variety, does not require pruning. Its flowers are blue bells hanging from long legs with a delicate lilac shade. Blossoms twice - in April-May and in August.

The first wave of buds is on last year's uncircumcised branches, the second is on newly regrown shoots. The species has an unpretentious temper, a love for shady areas of soil.

Ideal variety for growing against walls, trellises, fences, as a decoration of old shrubs.

Garden of Eden within reasonable limits

Delicate clematis and roses in the garden are no longer rare guests. Modern scientists-breeders have already achieved considerable success in breeding new, unpretentious, frost-resistant varieties. In the market or in the store, eyes of a fantastic variety of choice.

Amateur gardeners enjoy this abundance only - there is an opportunity to try their hand at growing something new, unusual, for example, try planting clematis Barbara Jackman or Arabella. Planting clematis in the garden will create your own Eden. That is why summer gardens throughout the country turn into a riot of colors and a whirlpool of paradise scents in the summer.

Read the article: Terry Clematis: varieties for growing at the dacha.

Breeding history

Clematis variety Niobe is bred by the Polish breeder Vladislav Noll, by crossing the pollen from the flowers of the Jacman group. Since 1970, the originator made a description and submitted a photo of Clematis Niobe to the RHS. Since 1975, he has been registered with The Royal Horticultural Society (the Royal Horticultural Society, London, United Kingdom) and has not been entered into the state register of the Russian Federation. In the same year, he won the Royal Horticultural Society.

Frost resistance, drought resistance

Clematis Niobe refers to frost-resistant varieties that are suitable for growing in zone 3b, 4-11. The root system withstands up to - 35 ° C, which allows you to grow in most of the territory of Russia, especially in the middle lane, and it is also possible to grow it in Siberia.

Clematis varieties Niobe adapted for cultivation in arid areas, with more or less moist soil, but not in excess. A long time can do without watering, but in hot weather with strong winds, when the ground begins to crack, requires soil moisture.

Resistance to diseases and pests

Clematis Niobe does not differ from other varieties by strong immunity to diseases and pests. It is also susceptible to fungal diseases, especially if the agrotechnics of planting and growing are disturbed.

Often clematis undergoes diseases:

  • wilt (wilt)
  • rust,
  • root rot,
  • ascohitoz (leaf spot),
  • gray rot
  • powdery mildew,
  • Alternaria,
  • mosaic,
  • necrosis,
  • cylinder disease

It is very important to follow the rules of care and cultivation for Clematis Niobe, as well as to carry out preventive measures, spray in the spring and autumn with drugs with fungicidal action or shed their soil. Patients shoots must be immediately removed and burned to prevent re-infection.

The pests that most commonly appear on Clematis cultivar Niobe:

  • aphid,
  • Medvedka,
  • small rodents,
  • nematodes,
  • butterflies and moths,
  • spider mite,
  • snails and slugs.

To eliminate parasites and insects on the site should lay out the bait or install scare devices near the bushes. And also do not flood the soil around clematis, make drainage grooves so that the overmoistened soil does not attract pests. In the spring and autumn after spraying against diseases, treat clematis and the soil next to it with insecticidal preparations.

Clematis Reproduction Methods

Clematis is cultivated in the Niobe variety in several ways:

  • dividing the roots
  • taps (creepers are added to the ground in spring),
  • seeds (before planting stratified, germination 50-60% for 1.5-6 months),
  • grafting (spring, autumn).

The most favorable time for breeding Clematis Niobe - spring, the seeds can be planted at any time.

Choosing the right place

Clematis Niobe grows well in areas with a southern, southeastern, southwestern side, in a sunny place or in partial shade. Clematis Niobe is planted in a place where there are no drafts from buildings and fences at a distance of 1-2 m. The soil should be loose, well drained, sandy-loamy or loamy soil, the level of acidity - neutral.

Selection and preparation of planting material

Before planting Clematis Niobe, you should choose a quality seedling without damage and dried roots, so it is best to purchase a specimen with a closed root system. The roots and shoots must be flexible, the leaves are bright green without damage, pests and diseases.

Before planting the roots are soaked for 30 minutes in a disinfecting solution (manganese, phytosporine), the ground must also be shed by them. Then inspect the roots and cut off damaged or dry.

Landing algorithm

During the landing of Clematis Niobe, the following algorithm must be observed.

  1. After preparing the planting material, dig a hole 60-70 cm deep, 40-50 wide.
  2. Prepare a pit for planting, lay out the bottom of the drainage layer of stones and sand.
  3. Excavated soil is mixed with rotted manure or grass, while you can add peat, ash, sod soil.
  4. Prepare a future support for clematis, drop in a metal or wooden structure.
  5. Drainage spread fertilized soil and planted seedlings, watered on top with warm water, slightly moistening the soil.
  6. Sprinkled on top of the remaining soil mixture.

Clematis aftercare

Niobe can be grown using the installation of supports or leaving to climb along the ground. The support can be a tree, a fence, pergolas, an arbor. Young vines should be tied up with soft threads or cords. The plant clings to the cuttings of the leaves, but can be held loosely, which in a strong wind will damage the bush.

For varieties Niobe suitable moderate watering in the evening or morning hours, throughout the spring and autumn period. Watering is carried out 1-2 times a week for 1 square. m poured 8-10 liters. warm water. In dry weather, you need to increase the volume of water and the frequency of irrigation.

All clematis love rich soil, so in spring and autumn they require fertilization, and the Niobe variety should be fed 3 times, adding fertilizer between the flowering in July. In the spring, fertilizers with nitrogen and potassium are needed, which will allow new shoots to grow quickly and to tie flowers. In the summer they make complex fertilizers containing phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen. In the fall, the plant needs fertilizers with calcium, manganese, magnesium, phosphorus and nitrogen, or it can be fertilized with rotted organic matter.

Mulching and soil loosening

In the spring and autumn to saturate the micro and macro elements should be carried out mulching with green manure, digging shallow soil around Clematis Niobe. Loosening is carried out with the elimination of weeds 3-4 times a month.

Which pruning group is Clematis Niobe

Clematis Niobe third pruning group, flowers are formed on new, young shoots. This variety has 2 flowering waves, therefore, the second pruning group is applicable for it. If the vines are sheltered for the winter, then pruning can be avoided; flowers will appear on last year's shoots. The disadvantage of this method is that the roots will feed the old shoots more strongly, forming fewer new ones, making them weaker, which will affect the reduction of the formation of new flowers. Also, the bush will be heavily thickened, as a result of which fungal diseases may appear.

Clematis niobe pruning

To get early flowering in the spring should be a weak pruning, in the first year, leaving 30-40 cm from the ground, healthy intact shoots. Subsequent years in spring pruning is not carried out, it is carried out in the summer after the first flowering, cutting off withered shoots. In the autumn after flowering, cut off the shoots, leaving strong, intact at the level of 1 m. Every 5-6 years, you need to carry out a strong pruning.

Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention

Preventive measures are carried out in spring and autumn, cutting off damaged shoots, treating with special drugs and pests, removing weeds and fallen leaves, and treating the soil with disinfectants. For pests use: Actellic, Fitoverm, Akarin, Vertilik, Metarizin. For the prevention of diseases: Bordeaux mixture, Immunocytofit, Maxim, Previkur, Fitosporin.