Spicy and medicinal herbs

Momordica: use, therapeutic properties and contraindications

Momordica (Indian cucumber) is a tropical plantwhich combines the qualities of cucumber, pumpkin and pomegranate. It has a pleasant taste and contains a large number of nutrients. Its regular use helps to improve the condition.

General characteristics of the plant

Momordica refers to the pumpkin plants. The fruits are oblong.

Initially, the plant was grown in Asia, Africa, Australia. Known information about breeding momordiki in the Crimea. In Russia, the plant appeared not so long ago. It is actively grown in greenhouses, on balconies, and window sills.

Momordica - climbing plant in the form of vines. It is distinguished by its decorative beauty. Creepers reach 2 meters, the leaves are large. During flowering, a large bright yellow flower with a pleasant aroma appears.

Fruits reach 25 centimeters. They have an oval, slightly oblong shape. On the upper part are specific growths.

In its ripe state, the rind of the fruit changes its shade to yellow or orange.. The flesh is juicy, has a ruby ​​color. After maturation occurs cracking of the fetus on the bottom and its disclosure.

What is momordika:

The benefits and properties of momordiki

Indian cucumber has become very common due to its medicinal properties. Experts note the content in the plant of the three main groups of compounds:

  • insulin-like peptides,
  • alkaloids
  • carotene.

Indian cucumber is used for medicinal purposes in several areas:

  1. Normalization of pressure, decrease in blood sugar, treatment of tumor formations. To stabilize the pressure and normalize the overall well-being of diabetics allows a high content of peptides, alkaloids and carotene.
  2. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and duodenum. The seeds contain a high amount of fats, which allow the treatment of ulcers.
  3. Stasis of fluid and bile in the body. Momordica has a diuretic. It allows you to remove excess fluid from the body, helps to clean the choleretic and urinary tract.
  4. Snake bite treatment. Leaves have pulling properties. They are recommended to apply to the wounds and bites of poisonous snakes. Compress removes toxins from the patient's body, reduces inflammation, reduces pain.
Indian cucumber is used for medicinal purposes.

High carotene content, which in the liver turns into vitamin A, has a beneficial effect on the state of vision, hair, nail plates, teeth, and skin.

Thanks to vitamin C, the fruit is used during colds. It is a strong antioxidant.

The use of momordiki allows to improve the permeability of blood vessels, normalize blood clotting, eliminate inflammatory processes in the body.

Contraindications to the use of yellow Indian cucumber

Like most tropical fruits, momordica can cause an allergic reaction.

There are a number of persons that Indian cucumber is contraindicated in:

  1. Women during pregnancy and lactation. Fruits contain substances that trigger spontaneous abortion.
  2. Persons prone to allergic reactionssuffering from atopic dermatitis and other manifestations of skin diseases. Indian cucumber is a tropical fruit containing a large amount of acids, oils, vitamin C. It can trigger an allergic reaction.
  3. Children under 3 years. Young children are not recommended tropical fruits that can cause an allergic reaction.
The fetus can cause allergies, is contraindicated in children under 3 years old, pregnant and lactating.

Use in traditional medicine

For the treatment of folk remedies are actively used all parts of the plant. From them prepare broths, lotions, tinctures and compresses.

Decoction of seeds. To prepare the broth will need 250 ml of boiling water and dry seeds of cucumber. The broth is brought to a boil and kept on the fire for 15 minutes.

The tool effectively helps with hemorrhoids, prostatitis, fever. It is used to improve vision.

Fresh seeds. Eating seeds helps to improve the work of the stomach, intestines. Enough once a day, chew 2-3 seeds.

Roots and fruits. From the dried momordiki prepare decoctions and tinctures. They have proven themselves in the treatment of cough during colds.

Fresh leaves. Fresh leaves are used to make decoctions and inhalations. In the case of arthritis from the green shoots preparing a decoction. It helps to relieve pain.

Pulp and juice of fruits. The pulp attached to the bites in the form of compresses allows you to relieve inflammation, remove itching, reduce swelling. Juice is used for compresses with burns of varying degrees.

Overripe fruits have bitterness. Seeds on the contrary should be used only ripened.

The healing properties of momordica:

Use during pregnancy and lactation

During pregnancy and lactation, fruits, seeds or leaves of Indian cucumber prohibited to use. In women at any time, momordica can provoke a spontaneous abortion.

The substances contained in the fruit pulp, get into the milk and contribute to the appearance of an allergic reaction in a child. Therefore momordika not recommended for breastfeeding.

Features agrotehnika

Indian cucumber propagated by seeds. For successful germination, it is necessary to destroy the upper shell and soak the seeds in a solution of manganese.

Germinated seeds are planted in separate pots with ready-made soil. In each container is placed 2 seeds. Depthing produce no more than 1.5 centimeters.

Top landing sprinkled with a layer of earth. Before the emergence of seedlings pots closed with a film.

Indian cucumber is propagated by seeds, they are germinated and planted in pots with soil

Momordica is a light-loving plant. Shoots need a lot of sunlight. Therefore, the landing is placed on the southern window-sill or make doslechivanie in the morning and evening hours.

Pits for seedlings are prepared at a depth of 40 centimeters at a distance of 60 centimeters from each other. Creepers require careful garters. For support use trellis.

During the care adhere to a number of recommendations:

  • plants love abundant, but timely watering. An excessive amount of moisture helps to root the roots,
  • cucumber leaves are sprayed with warm water in the evening,
  • during the flowering period, fertilizing with mineral fertilizers or a solution of mullein is required,
  • the yield of Indian cucumber can be increased by removing the side shoots after the appearance of the first ovary,
  • with a low ovary, plants require artificial pollination,
  • When caring for plants, you should use gloves and skin protection.
Fruit harvesting takes place 2 weeks after the formation of vines

Fruit harvesting takes place 2 weeks after the formation of vines. Do not leave the crop on the plant, it leads to its weakening.

At observance of recommendations dilution of momordika is not difficult.

Chemical composition and calorie momordiki

The caloric content of momordica is only 15 kcal per 100 g of the product, while the fat content is 0.1 g, carbohydrates - 3 g, proteins - 0.8 g, water - 90 g

The composition of the fruit momordiki includes many nutrients: vitamins A, B, E, F, C, PP, as well as organic acids, flavonoids, amino acids and alkaloids. The seeds were found oil and momorditsin - alkaloid. Vine root contains triterpene saponin.

All ground and underground parts of Momordica have a healing effect, which we describe below.

Healing properties of momordiki

Scientists have recently begun a deep study of momordica and have already revealed some of its medicinal properties, but clinical trials are being conducted further, and it is possible that soon there will be new information about the medicinal plant.

Momordica seeds have the ability to relieve swelling, and also have antiseptic, anti-inflammatory and antifebrile properties. These berries, seeds can improve eyesight and overall eye condition.

Fruits of the plant unique, they inhibit the growth of cancer cells. Momordica extracts have a positive effect on the treatment of sarcomas, leukemia and melanomas. Momordica can heal from hepatitis, liver cancer, advanced cases of infectious diseases, improves pancreatic activity, removes toxins from the body and improves its immunity, and also helps maintain the health of diabetic patients by adjusting the chemical composition of blood.

Drugs cells are restored from this liana, with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and the central nervous system have a beneficial effect.

Preparation and storage of medical raw materials from momordiki

Use the useful properties of momordiki for treatment can year-round, for this it is necessary to stock up on time the medicinal raw materials of this healing vine. Leaves it is better to harvest in late spring, then the concentration of nutrients in them will be maximum, fruits and seeds - after the final maturation in the summer, and the roots - in the fall.

The fruit and root are pre-cut into small pieces, and the seeds, shoots and leaves are first dried and the dried ones are crushed. Dry the raw materials in a darkened room with good ventilation. The dried fruits of momordiki retain their healing properties for 3-4 years, the roots - 2-3 years, and the leaves and flowers - for 1-2 years. Store dry raw materials in an airtight glass container or in cloth bags.

Recipes for the use of momordiki in traditional medicine

An exotic plant can help a person to cure many diseases, the main thing at the same time - not to exceed the therapeutic dose.

Momordica can cure colds and the flu; tincture on vodka: the glass container is filled with the pulp of fruits cut into small cubes, poured with vodka to the top and insist 10-15 days in a dark place. Take tincture 1 tsp. 30 minutes before meals 3-4 days.

Momordica seed decoction they treat hemorrhoids, prostatitis, sclerosis, fever, and also it is used to obtain a diuretic effect. Pieces of 20 seeds are crushed, poured a glass of boiling water and boil on low heat for 10 minutes. Insist a few hours, filter and use 50 ml 3-4 times a day.

Chewing 3-4 seeds of momordica before eating for 10 days will relieve intestinal and stomach diseases.

Using momordiki root for bronchitis, it is possible to alleviate the course of the disease, since it has expectorant properties. ORZ will be faster if carried out inhalation with leaves and shoots momordiki. Decoctions stalks and leaves will relieve arthritis pain. Fresh flesh the fetus will relieve itching and swelling after insect bites.

The use of momordiki in cosmetology

Asian women have long used momordika for cosmetic purposes. Various decoctions, infusions and creams, which include this marvelous plant, improve skin condition, nourish it with vitamins and oils, and also smooth wrinkles, as a result, the face will look younger and fresher.

Decoction leaves get rid of prickly heat and various skin rashes. The juice momordiki used for skin diseases, for this, the bandage is soaked with juice and applied to the affected area several times a day.Decoction leaves and shoots will accelerate the healing of the burn and reduce the likelihood of a scar. With regular use of fresh leaves, the overall condition of the skin will improve, it will become more velvety to the touch.

Cooking Uses

Seeds of unripe momordiki are poisonous, they can be eaten after full ripening, when they become sweet. The fruits of momordiki collected in immature form. The pulp of the fetus is watery, resembles cucumber in taste, it is eaten in an immature state. When ripe, the fruit becomes soft and changes color to orange, while it becomes bitter in taste. You can remove the bitterness from the ripe fruit by soaking it in salt water for 3-4 hours, after which it is ready for cooking or stewing.

Small fruits canned for future use. Flowers, leaves and young stems stew and eat. Ground parts of lianas are added to meat, potato dishes and various salads. Seeds and sliced ​​fruit after roasting are added to soups and borscht, stews and salads, as well as in sour-milk products instead of fruit. The taste of momordica is well combined with legumes.

Plant description

Momordica refers to climbing grass vines. from the pumpkin family. It is often called Indian cucumber, bitter gourd or Chinese melon. It is widespread in India and China.

There are about 20 species of momordica, but only some of them are grown in Russia.

The shoots of this plant are thin, long and strong. The leaves on them have a bright green color. They have carved edges.

Momordica blooms large sex flowers. Each of them is located on a long pedicel. Female flowers can be identified by smaller sizes and short pedicel.

The fruits of Momordica are quite large. In length, they can reach 25 cm. The diameter of the average fruit is 6 cm. The color of the fruit changes from green to orange as it ripens. If you cut a ripe fruit, then inside it will have a juicy flesh of red color with an attractive taste.

You can find dark seeds in ripe fruit.covered with a fairly dense shell. One fruit usually contains 30 seeds.

Momordica can be called a diet product. The fact is that 100 g of a plant contains 0.1 g of fat, 3 g of carbohydrates, 0.8 g of proteins. At the same time, the total energy value does not exceed 15 kcal.

The plant contains such beneficial substances as:

  • Vitamins A, B, C, F, PP, E.
  • Organic acids.
  • Alkaloids.
  • Vegetable amino acids.
  • Flavonoids.

The root of this plant is rich in triterpene saponin. This substance can have a hemolytic effect, thin the sputum, increase the body's resistance to pathogenic bacteria.

Momordica: healing properties

Substances that have a therapeutic effect are contained in all parts of the plant: in the pulp, seeds, stems, leaves and roots. Momordica can be used for the manufacture of drugsthat have the following effects on the human body:

  • Anti-inflammatory.
  • Antiseptic.
  • Antiviral.
  • Antiedematous.

In addition, Chinese melon good stimulates sexual function and is a good antioxidant.

Momordica favorably affects the pancreas. The substances contained in its fruits stimulate the secretion of this organ, therefore more insulin enters the blood. It is very useful for people with diabetes. Using drugs based on this liana, they can significantly reduce the use of synthetic analogues of the hormone.

Indian cucumber is very useful for the immune system. The substances contained in it quite effectively cope with some types of bacteria and viruses. There are even rumors that the fruits of this vine will help the body fight HIV.

Momordica should definitely try people who are overweight. The fact is that the components of this plant contribute to the improvement of metabolic processes and accelerate the removal of toxins and slags. Athletes will also appreciate this liana. Its use in food stimulates the regenerative processes in the body.

Substances contained in bitter gourd able to effectively fight urinary tract infections. The pulp of the plant quickly eliminates itchy skin after insect bites and avoids infection of the wounds after minor injuries and burns.

Eating the roots, leaves and pulp of the fruits of momordiki has a beneficial effect on people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In some countries, the plant is used to combat diarrhea and worms.

Side effects

Should remember that the unripe fruits of bitter gourd cannot be eaten, because they contain toxins that cause severe poisoning. There are cases when people who had eaten green fruit, fell into a coma.

Also, do not eat the leaves of this vine until fruiting, as the substances contained in them cause burns to the mucous membranes of the digestive system. Hazardous components leave the leaves immediately after the first fruits appear on the vine.

Eating different parts of momordica in food can lead to the following side effects:

  • Pruritus.
  • Sore throat and cough.
  • Significant reduction in blood sugar levels.
  • Anemia.
  • Increased body temperature.
  • Tremor of the limbs.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Dyspeptic disorders.

If any of these symptoms occur, the use of dishes and preparations made from this vine should be stopped immediately.

Momordica: growing

The reproduction of this culture in the conditions of giving does not cause any special problems, since in many respects similar to the reproduction of the usual pumpkin. If necessary, this vine can be grown on the balcony.

To grow this crop in the garden, you must first grow seedlings at home.

Growing seedlings

Seedlings are grown from store-bought, or pre-harvested, seeds. In order for the latter to germinate faster, each seed from a sharp tip needs to be slightly rubbed with fine emery paper. Главное, не переусердствовать: нужно повредить прочную оболочку семечки, но не протирать ее насквозь.

After pre-treatment, seeds should be soaked for several hours in a weak solution of manganese, and then put into a container with wet sawdust and put in heat.

Seeds open quickly enough. After that, they should be quickly sown in separate peat cups with a soil mixture consisting of sand, humus and peat.

Planting tanks should be kept indoors with a temperature range of 22 to 25 ° C until the first shoots appear. After sprouting the sprouts, it is better to rearrange the peat cups to a room with an air temperature of 16 ° C. This will not allow the plants to stretch out ahead of time.

Landing in the ground

Plant saplings are best transplanted in open ground in early Junewhen the threat of night frost has passed. Before planting, you need to make sure that the soil is warm enough, otherwise the vine will die.

The soil in the area should be slightly acidic. If the soil is acidic, you can reduce the acidity with lime. It must be added to the soil when digging.

When planting seedlings Do not sprinkle the root collar too hard. This has a bad effect on the further growth of the vine. At the same time, it is impossible to strip the roots of a plant, otherwise it will quickly fall ill and die.

Seedlings should be planted at a distance of 80 cm from each other. So, they will not interfere with each other during growth.

Planted vines in the first days it is better to protect from the sun and abundant watering.

Plant Care

After planting seedlings next to them you need to install strong and high support. On them lash creepers will grow up. It is possible to refuse installation of support if to land a plant near a fence.

The active set of green mass in the vine will begin after it adapts to the new place. This moment should not be missed, because on a thickened plant the harvest will be weak. To avoid thickening you need to regularly remove excess shoots and leaves from the first days of active growth.

In the summer heat momordiku should be watered every day. For irrigation it is better to use warm water, settled in a metal tank. Each bush creeper requires at least 10 liters of water per day.

For watering is better to use the evening. This will avoid sunburn of the leaves.

In the morning, be sure to inspect the roots of the plant.: when watering, they often bare. If this happens, you need to pour fresh earth.

Experienced gardeners recommend feeding Chinese melons with complex fertilizers, which include calcium, potassium and nitrogen. Fertilize the soil around the vines should be at intervals of 1 time in 3 weeks.

Preparation vines for medicinal purposes

Different parts of the plant to create drugs harvested at different times.

  • The leaves should be harvested in May during the formation of the bush.
  • Seeds are best collected in the summer during the opening of the fruit.
  • It is recommended to dig up the root part of the vine in October. After collecting the roots need to be dried under a canopy to prevent exposure to sunlight.
  • Fruits need to be harvested in the summer after they turn orange. They can also be dried. Before drying, they should be cut into slices. Dried fruit should be stored in a thick paper bag.

It should be noted that the parts of a plant harvested for medicinal purposes can retain their properties for several years.

Conclusion

Momordica - medicinal plantgiven to man by nature. Its cultivation in the garden plots is fully justified. Preparations prepared on the basis of this liana facilitate the condition of patients with various diseases. But with all this we must not forget that it is necessary to use the medicinal properties of this plant only after consulting with your doctor.

The benefits and harms of momordica (Indian cucumber)

Momordica has many beneficial properties. It is recommended for people with infectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, allergies, diabetes (lowers sugar levels), flu, colds, psoriasis, and even some forms of cancer.

However, long Momordica was used as a contraceptive, so this vegetable is contraindicated in pregnancy.

Momordica (Indian cucumber) in cooking

The taste of momordica is sour with a slight bitterness, but pleasant (calorizator). But this vegetable should be eaten only in its unripe form, as ripe Momordica becomes bitter and unpleasant to taste. Not only fruits of momordica are used as food, but also tops.

Momordica is an integral part of salads, seasonings in meat and vegetable dishes. Also, the vegetable is used in the preparation of soups. Momordica seeds are often used in the confectionery industry due to its nutty flavor.

Growing in the garden

Momordica is a very thermophilic and light-loving plant, it loves sunny places with a light shade at midday from the direct sun, prefers warm, protected from the wind areas.

Momordica can be grown at home, on a balcony or loggia, as well as in a room on a window in a pot of at least 6 liters.

Momordica will grow great in a greenhouse or greenhouse. The plant does not tolerate shading and thickening. With a strong thickening and shading, the fruits become shallow and fall off. On the balcony and at home, it can withstand some shading.

Preparation of soil for growing momordiki produced in the same way as for the cultivation of zucchini or pumpkin. At 1 m 2 ridge it is necessary to make up to 1 bucket of rotted manure or compost, 1 teaspoonful of urea, 1 tbsp. spoon superphosphate and potassium sulfate. If the soil is acidic, then in the fall, when digging, it is necessary to bring in 1 m 2 0.5-1.5 cups of lime depending on the acidity of the soil.

Like all vines, momordike need reliable supporttherefore, it is most convenient to place the plants on a vertical trellis. At the same time, as in cucumbers, it is necessary to twist its stem from the twine periodically.

Plant loves loose fertile soil with a weakly acidic reaction medium. She is very responsive to warm watering and organic fertilizer application. Poor tolerates dense, unproductive soils with an acidic reaction, strongly overmoistened soils and irrigation with cold water.

Avoid temperature drops. Sharp temperature fluctuations and low positive temperatures (below 10 ° C) have a detrimental effect on the plant. The plant does not tolerate even the easiest frost.

The best precursors for momordiki are legumes, potatoes, early cabbage, tomatoes, root vegetables, and green crops.

Breeding

Momordica can be propagated by seed, seedling or cuttings. Despite its robust shell, momordica seeds do not require preliminary stratification. Seeds are sown at the very end of March or early April.

Usually they are pre-soaked for about 20 hours in a pink solution of potassium permanganate. Then they are sown in pots with a diameter of 10 cm, filled with a nutrient mixture consisting of 2 parts of leafy ground, 2 parts of humus and 1 part of sand. Then the pots must be put in a box, covered with foil and put in a warm place with a temperature of 22-25 ° C, preventing the earth coma from drying out. At the same time, friendly shoots will appear in 7–8 days.

With the emergence of the first shoots, the film must be removed, the pots should be placed as close as possible to the light and the temperature should be reduced to + 15 ° C for 3-5 days so that the plants do not stretch. Shoots it is useful to spray from the spray in the evening.

In the following days it is necessary to maintain the temperature of + 20-25 ° C. It is important to monitor the humidity of the soil and air - it should be in the range of 70–80%. Overdrying of soil is not allowed.

Before planting momordica seedlings at a permanent place, it is necessary to gradually harden, accustoming it to the conditions of the open ground, where it is planted when the soil at a depth of 10 cm warms to + 11-12 ° C. Planted young plants on a permanent place with a lump of earth is necessary, trying not to damage the roots. This is best done at the age of 20 days.

It is necessary to water the plant often and only with warm water, regularly spray the whole plant.

Since momordika grows very quickly, it should be fed every 12–15 days with a mullein solution.

Like all creepers, her, need to shapebecause it gives a lot of stepchildren. It is better to form plants in two shoots, after which the active growth of the stepsons, which bear fruit well, begins. To do this, side shoots pinch over the female flower, leaving 1–2 leaves on top. But stepchildren should not thicken the crown of the plant.

Pysynki can be rooted. Rooting occurs in water for 2 weeks at a water temperature of + 25 ° C. Then such rooted stepson can be planted in the ground and pritenit.

be careful when pruning plants and twisting shoots. The fact is that before the start of fruiting, its leaves can cause skin burns like nettle. But with the start of fruiting, the plant quickly loses this feature.

Momordica is resistant to pests and does not require any spraying, except for treatment at the beginning of flowering with the “Bud” or “Ovary” preparations to accelerate the setting of fruits.

Momordica in cooking

When fully ripe, the fruit of momordica cracks in the lower part and unfolds into three, rarely four fleshy "petals". When this becomes visible orange-red color of the inside of the fruit, to taste reminiscent of persimmon. At this point, the seeds fall out of the fruit on the ground. Thus, the already “cleaned” fruit is ready to eat. It only needs to be removed on time.

Momordica fruits can be stored for 15–20 days at a temperature of 11–12 ° С and high humidity - up to 90%.

In food like cucumbers used unripe fruits that contain a lot of protein. That is why they are more nutritious than cucumbers. The flesh of the fruit is slightly bitter, but very pleasant to the taste.

Before use, fruits should be soaked in salted water. It contains a lot of vitamin C - up to 100 mg%. Salads, seasonings for meat dishes are prepared from fruits, they are boiled and fried, pickled and salted.

Medicinal properties

And now about the medicinal properties of momordica. In the south of China, it is known as the “fruit of longevity.” And this is no accident. The presence in it of a significant number of three groups of compounds (insulin-like peptides, alkaloids and carotene) makes it possible to widely use momordica in traditional medicine. to reduce sugar in the blood of diabetics.

Momordica is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine for gastrointestinal infections. Recently, it began to be used in the treatment of tumors, lowering blood pressure.

Its seeds contain up to 55% of fatty oil, their broth treats ulcerative diseases of the stomach and duodenum.

Momordica is also a good diuretic. And its leaves are applied to the wounds when bitten by snakes.

Features of the plant

Momordica grows in tropical conditions - in China, India, Indonesia, South America, on the Philippine Islands, its homeland is Southeast Asia. Crimea also boasts some types of yellow cucumbers. Indian pomegranate is considered to be a relative of vegetables familiar to everyone in the CIS countries - pumpkins, cucumbers, and zucchini. Momordica grows on vines, reaching about 5 meters in length. They look quite aesthetically pleasing and even impressive. When touching the carved leaves of the plant, the fingers are slightly “bitten”. It is thanks to this that Momordica got its “biting” name. The inflorescences have a yellow color and a subtle fragrance that insects like.

The shape of the fruit is similar to cucumbers and in some it is associated with an oblong pumpkin. When they mature, they are initially slightly yellow, the color gradually becomes more saturated, acquiring an orange tint. Peel momordiki looks like a chestnut, it is covered with many small and prickly bumps. The ripened fruit cracks into several parts, its dark-red pericarp is exposed. Amazingly beautiful momordica seeds have brown color and original patterns in Indian style. To taste the fruit is somewhat reminiscent of a persimmon and a little melon.

Nutritional characteristics

It is customary to eat momordica pulp in food. But in the recipes of traditional medicine, you can use absolutely all of its parts, including the peel, seeds, and even "biting" leaves. They contain a whole range of vitamins and minerals that are very useful for the human body.

  • Proteins, carbohydrates and fats.
  • Amino acids.
  • Alkaloids.
  • Vitamins of groups A, B, E, C, and F.
  • Mineral salts, phosphorus and calcium.
  • Phenols, oils, resins, saponins.
  • Folic and nicotinic acid.
  • Harantin is a natural compound that helps reduce sugar concentration.

Culinary properties

Seeds with a high content of essential oils are used as an aromatic seasoning for various dishes, in baking and confectionery.

Indian pomegranate is necessarily present in the composition of the popular Indian curry seasoning. Many interesting and unusual dishes can be prepared from momordiki. If you want to please the home and surprise the guests, original recipes will come to the rescue.

Stuffed Momordica

Fruits cut in half and clean the pulp. Boil the rice and add the pork and beef mince. There, to taste your favorite seasonings to use, best of all: thyme, tarragon, zira. Prepared fruits stuffed with minced rice and seasoning. Put them in a container suitable for extinguishing. Pour water (you can broth) to the level of the contents of the tank, salt and season with pepper. Simmer on low heat for about 35 minutes until cooked. Instead of water, you can use liquid cream or sour cream with a low level of fat.

You can also bake in the oven stuffed momordika, cutting it across or along.

Marinated momordica

Momordica should be washed and cut into slices. Put them in a non-metallic container. Currant leaves, a couple of garlic cloves, a few branches of dill, allspice to add to the slices of momordika. Prepare the marinade: mix a tablespoon of salt and a tablespoon of sugar in a liter of water, add half a glass of natural apple or wine vinegar. Pour the marinade in a stainless steel or enameled pan, bring to a boil and pour over the fruit. The dish is ready to eat after two days. Perfect as a snack to the festive table.

Thus, you can harvest momordika long shelf life, after sterilizing banks.

In addition to stewing and marinating with Indian pomegranate, you can cook a huge variety of simple and very unusual dishes. Adding momordika, pre-fry, in the usual scrambled eggs, you can have breakfast quickly and useful, while receiving a charge of energy and positive for the whole day.

Medicinal properties

Traditional medicine has long recognized this plant. Therefore, based on it, a large number of medical products manufactured using the latest technologies are produced. Basically, these drugs are homeopathic.

Since ancient times, Chinese healers have been using the properties of momordica, using it as an antiseptic and immunomodulatory substance.

  1. She treats gastrointestinal infections, colds and viral diseases that affect the upper respiratory tract.
  2. This plant is fully justified in the list of those drugs that help strengthen the immune system.
  3. Native American people used momordica to cure measles, scabies, and hepatitis.
  4. Due to its properties, it is in demand when it is bitten by a snake or a harmful insect.
  5. Momordica is also used to fight off internal parasitic worms (worms).
  6. It is useful for those suffering from asthma, arthritis, leukemia and even oncology.
  7. The use of fruits and seeds allows you to bring cholesterol, clear the circulatory system, prevent heart attack and stroke.
  8. The healing capabilities of the Indian pomegranate will help improve or restore vision, cure psoriasis, renal and hepatic pathologies, and return man's strength.
  9. In the leaves and fruits of the plant is extremely useful and rare substance - charantine. It needs the pancreas, whose cells produce insulin. For them, quarantine is of great importance.
  10. The amazing healing properties of momordica have a positive effect on the endocrine system. Its use contributes to the normalization of blood sugar levels, which is extremely important for people who suffer from diabetes.

Preparation of healing infusion

To prepare a medicinal tincture, you need to take the fruits of momordika. Separate the flesh of the fruit from the peel, chop into cubes and put in a large non-metallic container with a volume of about three liters. Then pour vodka into the dishes, about 500 ml, it should completely cover the contents of the container. Cover the infusion with a tight lid and stand in the fridge for two weeks. It is required to use tincture of Mamordica 30 minutes before a meal, 1 tsp. three times a day.

Take this tool for colds and infectious diseases to increase the body's defenses. The positive effect of such a drink is important for rheumatism, as well as for other inflammations.

Cooking healing broth

To make a healing decoction of momordiki, you need to take its seeds in the amount of 20-25 pieces. They need to grind. You can do it manually or with a blender. In a small saucepan pour 300 ml of water and put on fire. После того, как вода закипит, добавить в неё заранее подготовленное сырьё и проварить на маленьком огне в течении 10-ти минут после закипания. Далее, накрыть крышкой и настаивать около 1 часа. Принимать отвар по 50 мл 3 — 4 раза в сутки.

Такое средство чрезвычайно эффективно в качестве мочегонного. It is shown to be used to reduce body temperature and to relieve swelling.

The leaves of momordiki in the form of tinctures and decoctions are used for cosmetic purposes for the skin of the face. They have a rejuvenating, toning, antiseptic effect. The skin after using such a product acquires elasticity, freshness. The pores narrow and become less visible, the face looks rested and velvety.

The use of rich in vitamins infusions inside enriches the body with nutrients. The condition of hair and nails is improved, the health of teeth is preserved.

Fruits have a low calorie content and decent taste with the maximum content of useful and necessary substances. 100 grams of the product is only about 20 calories. Therefore, it is recommended to include it in the diet for people who want to lose weight.