Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Hibiscus flower or house tree

The hibiscus depicted in the photo requires little care at home, and the positive carries significantly. Huge flowers, beautiful leaves - not all the advantages of a pet. Of the many varieties of hibiscus, only the Chinese rose settled in the dwelling of man. Especially love hibiscus room in a spacious rural house, set in the upper room so that from morning till evening a stream of light pours on him.

Useful properties of indoor hibiscus

From the point of view of feng shui, hibiscus room, pictured in the photo, attracts good into the house, absorbs black energy, protecting people. Absorb harmful substances from the air, thereby cleansing it, hibiscus can. But from the flowers of this plant you can prepare drugs that help with internal ailments.

Infusions of leaves and flowers help to clean the skin, leaf gruel is applied to boils and boils. So, in a beautiful plant, a first-aid kit is hidden.

Hibiscus tea, the favorite drink of many, is made from hibiscus flowers. It has a beneficial effect on hypertensive patients and helps the stomach to cope with heavy food.

Air humidification due to evaporation of moisture from the top layer of soil, the contemplation of a beautiful flowering shrub create healthy air and relieve internal tension. This is evidenced by the hibiscus in the photo.

Homemade Chinese Rose

It will be a year, it will take several transfers before the flower takes center stage in the composition. In an outdoor pot, an evergreen tree with dark toothed leaves attracts admiring glances from guests. With good care, indoor hibiscus flower lives long. He needs a little care and attention:

  • a certain composition of the earth and a pot of growth,
  • well lit place without direct rays of the sun,
  • watering and feeding,
  • bush formation,
  • protection from diseases and pests.

In addition, the plant needs to respect the summer and winter conditions of detention and does not like drafts. A signal that the plant suffers will be yellowing of the leaves, dropping them and unopened buds.

How to care for hibiscus at home, we will analyze in stages from the date of purchase.

Like many indoor plants, hibiscus does not need a pot “for growth”. Selecting dishes for planting, you need to make sure that there are drainage holes and create a good drainage layer or traditional materials, or special - Ceramis granules. The use of a special composition will allow you to saturate the soil with the necessary micronutrients for indoor hibiscus flower.

The composition of the land for planting is simple:

To transplant or reload the plant at a young age should be annually in a larger pot, but only in the spring. Older shrubs are transplanted more often, then change the upper layer of the earth. When transplanting old dark roots can be trimmed with a clean tool. Light young roots work on food plants.

Lighting plays a major role in the decorativeness of the bush. In the shade hibiscus does not bloom, in summer and in winter it should stand in the light. If the sun is scorching, indoor hibiscus needs shading. In summer, the temperature of 18-25 degrees for the flower is comfortable. But the hotter, the more often the watering and spraying of the flower is conducted. In winter, keeping it in cool conditions, but not lower than 12 degrees, will provoke a summer riot of flowers.

Water the plant with soft distilled water without traces of chlorine. It is the wrong watering is often a provocateur diseases. Therefore, it is impossible to overdry the plant - it will throw off the leaves and flowers. From overflowing roots rot with the ensuing consequences. From harsh, cold and rusty water, the leaves will turn yellow, which shows the photo, hibiscus at home with improper care.

For good development, the plant requires frequent feeding during flowering. In the spring for the development of green mass requires nitrogen to plant, but a little. For violent flowering hibiscus needs phosphorus. And for good bush development requires potassium. It is better to purchase ready-made composition of soluble fertilizers for flowering plants.

For good flowering hibiscus room when you care at home needs pruning shoots. Flowers are formed only on young twigs. After pruning the twig gives new shoots, on which the flowers are formed.

Breeding methods of the Chinese rose

The flower can be propagated by seeds, cuttings. The easiest way to get a handle. When the plants are pruned, the tops are used for breeding. Germinate cuttings in water or wet sand in warmth. Emerging roots slightly grow up and rooted to a permanent place in a cup with a diameter of 10 cm. With proper care, the new plant will bloom in the same year.

It is recommended to grow seedlings from seeds in spring. Germination lead to the lower heated to 25-27 degrees. Dive seedlings after the appearance of two true leaves. Young plants will bloom in the third year or later.

Caring for a sick plant

How to care for hibiscus if it is sick? It is necessary to analyze why a flower sheds leaves or flowers. The first thing you need to do is create the right conditions of detention. If the disease has not had time to become chronic, the results will be noticeable in two weeks.

As a preventive measure against insect infestation of bushes, you can use a shower for leaves. Water will wash away the dust, aphids, and prevent the spider mite from organizing a colony. Chemical protective equipment used after the popular cleaning methods.

We will analyze the main causes and ways to eliminate them:

Description and origin of the plant

Hibiscus belongs to the family Malvaceae. There are about 300 species of this plant, which can be completely different from each other and differ in both the shape and color of the inflorescences, as well as the appearance of foliage. As the name suggests, China is the birthplace of hibiscus, but this is not entirely accurate, as it is also widespread in South and West Asia, on the islands of Polynesia and in other areas with a hot tropical climate.

This flower can grow in the form of grass, shrub, shrub, even a tree. The most famous and common types of Chinese roses can be called Syrian hibiscus, trifoliate and Drummond.

Garden hibiscus is considered the most cultivated and adapted to life in an apartment. This indoor flower grows in the form of a tree and can reach a height of up to 3 m. It has rather large dark green leaves of oblong shape with jagged edges. Elegant hibiscus flowers often grow to a very large size, some specimens can reach the size of a soccer ball.

The colors are also very diverse, the flowers can be both single-color and combining several shades. The most common is the bright red color, which superstitious people compare with blood and pain.

Stock-rose can bloom almost all year round from March to November. It happens that the flowering period even extends to the beginning of winter. Some well-known prejudices associate the extraordinary flowering of hibiscus with bad luck and call the Chinese rose the flower of death, which is why the breeding of this plant was so undesirable in the apartments of modern people.

Bad omens

No one knows exactly who and when attributed such a bad name to a beautiful flower. Knowledge of persons and circumstances that call hibiscus garden the flower of death, and why, could dot the i and change people's negative attitudes to the stock rose. It is possible that once someone had several deaths of close people, they were associated with the presence of hibiscus in the house, and since then there is such an unattractive opinion. The main bad omens can be attributed following:

  1. If the rose has bloomed after hours, in the near future, one of the members of the household will die. This can be avoided only by burning the unfortunate plant.
  2. Hibiscus cannot be kept at home due to the fact that it is a vampire or a burnet (perhaps it was so named because of the large blood-red flowers) and sucks out all vital forces and energy from the owner, causing illness and subsequent death to him. And after the death of a man, the stock-rose begins to bloom even more luxuriantly and more due to the host’s life.
  3. It is believed that if the plant began to drop or dry the leaves, then soon one of the owners or their relatives will become ill with a serious illness. In this case, all households urgently need to undergo a medical examination.
  4. In addition to the nicknames "vampire" and "burnet", hibiscus is called a muzhegon. This means that if the girl is unmarried, she will attract the attention of the male sex, but no one will stay in her house for a long time. And if a man already lives in an apartment, he will soon leave this place of residence. And a woman or a girl is doomed to be alone, as long as this plant exists in their home.
  5. The appearance of hibiscus in a house where peace and harmony reigned, will mark the beginning of quarrels and strife, which will not end with anything good for the owners of the rose.

Knowing all these signs, many people are sure that you can't keep hibiscus at home. Some owners even note the deterioration of health due to this plant. But perhaps, if they did not know about such superstitions, they would feel good. That is, there may be a simple self-hypnosis.

It is also believed that hibiscus grows remarkably in hospitals, feeding on the energetics of patients. But good growth and abundant blooms are in fact due to the fact that the corridors of medical institutions are well ventilated and have adequate lighting, providing ideal conditions for flower development.

Good omens

Not everywhere they call the Chinese rose or hibiscus the flower of death. The currently popular Feng-Shui teaching promotes the obligatory presence of a hibiscus couple in the bedroom with red or pink flowers. It is believed that he inflames passion and does not allow it to go out with time. People who have health problems should start a plant with white flowers in their home that will take away harmful, negative energy and help them heal faster.

In many countries hibiscus is credited with positive values, eg:

  1. Malaysia considers this flower to be its symbol. In India, it is valued for its extraordinary beauty and even make wedding wreaths from large bright inflorescences, and also weave them into the bride's hair, which symbolizes its integrity.
  2. The inhabitants of the islands of Hawaii and Haiti also greatly admire the beauty of hibiscus, weave magnificent wreaths from it, which decorate their homes, photographs and give to tourists.
  3. In Melanesia stock-rose is considered a symbol of wealth.
  4. Not a single magnificent wedding in South China is complete without this flower.
  5. Brazilians buy hibiscus when they want to have children.
  6. In Argentina there is not a single house where hibiscus would not grow. Moreover, the Argentines are so fond of this plant that they prefer to have at least 3 varieties of Chinese roses.

Thus, many people do not associate bad incidents in their lives with the presence of a Chinese rose in the house. Signs are very different and contradictory, and everyone should understand for themselves that in any case and in any situation in life it is better to be guided by common sense, even when the question arises whether it is possible to keep a Chinese rose at home.

Useful properties of hibiscus

In addition to the various accept and superstition hibiscus possesses many useful qualities for human health. And all of them are proven by science and are widely used both in medicine and in everyday life. Among them are the following:

  • In many oriental dishes, shredded and dried hibiscus flowers are used as an aromatic seasoning. Also, they are usually added to coffee in order to increase the appetite.
  • The plant is able to release into the atmosphere volatile, which are excellent prevention of viral diseases.
  • Aromatic hibiscus oils are used to treat colds in the upper respiratory tract.
  • From the petals of the stock-rose, fragrant karkade tea is prepared, which has a favorable effect on the entire human body, rejuvenating it and giving strength. In cold form, this drink is able to lower blood pressure, while in warm form, on the contrary, it can increase. Such tea is actively used in diets for weight loss.
  • Hibiscus petals decoctions are rich in vitamin C, can enhance immunity, tone up, remove toxins from the body and have a beneficial effect on the organs of vision.

Care and growing hibiscus

Each plant grower sooner or later lights up the desire to have a flower Chinese rose. But is it possible to keep him at home, knowing the terrible omens? In fact, each person makes the choice to believe or not to believe such prejudices. In addition, this plant is really very beautiful and at the same time quite unpretentious. And this is another one of its big advantages. To keep the hibiscus in the house, it is enough to observe the following care conditions:

  1. The plant is very light-loving. To obtain abundant growth and flowering, you need to provide him a lot of light, if necessary - to finish illumination.
  2. Watering should be abundant during the hot summer months. In winter, it must be reduced.
  3. A young rose needs to be replanted and cut every year to get more shoots. An adult plant needs to be transplanted once every 3 years.
  4. The soil should be composed of a mixture of turf and leafy soil mixed with sand.
  5. If the flower began to lose leaves, it may indicate that it lacks moisture.
  6. The fall of the buds means that the room temperature does not suit the hibiscus or it has experienced a sharp change in temperature.
  7. If yellow or orange spots appeared on the lower part of the leaves, this indicates that the plant has become rusty and requires urgent treatment with a fungicide.
  8. When twisting the leaves, you should often spray the stem-rose with warm water to avoid the appearance of aphids or other parasites on it.

Each grower decides for himself whether to believe omens or not. And you can just drop all the prejudices and start in your apartment such a beautiful and spectacular plant, which, with proper care, will long please its owners with magnificent bright colors.

History of origin

South China is considered the birthplace of the Hibiscus of the Volatilewhere for centuries it was widely used in traditional medicine, as well as in the manufacture of natural dye, ropes and cords. In medieval China, blooming hibiscus acquired a cult status, "responsible" for the strengthening of marriage and business prosperity.

At the end of the 18th century, the Hibiscus mutable first appeared in Europe, and a little later - in Russia. The flower began to quickly gain popularity around the world, thanks to its relative simplicity and impressive appearance.

Appearance

Under natural conditions, Hibiscus Changeable has a height of about 3-4m. Annual gain in height of 35 cm, width 35-40 cm

  • The krone is umbrella.
  • Upright branched stem, leaves are arranged on long thin petioles, almost vertically drooping with age.
  • The leaves are large, velvety (about 25x25 cm), dark green, maple-like in shape, with jagged edges.
  • Flowers can be from 5 to 30 centimeters in diameter.
  • The fruits of hibiscus - small boxes, breaking up into five wings. Inside - fibrous or fluffy seeds.

At home, hibiscus has a height of 50 cm to 3 meters. Great for making bonsai.

Description and photo of the main types of hibiscus flower

Mostly hibiscus are evergreen and deciduous shrubs, small trees, the height of which does not exceed 3 m. The plant has a bare stem, the leaves are located on petioles. There are large elegant and bright flowers. The diameter of the inflorescences can range from 5 to 30 cm. As for the color range of this plant, it is quite diverse. After flowering in place of flowers, fruits are formed, which are small boxes that fall into 5 sashes.

Inside each box there are fibrous or fluffy seeds, although in some species they may be bare.

The life span of a flower is about 20 years. If the plant is provided with proper care and creation of all favorable growing conditions, it can grow up to 3 m in height.

Currently, garden and indoor varieties comprise about 250 species. The most popular of them are the following:

  • Syrian Treelike. Most modern gardeners love this variety for its huge and bright flowers, their diameter is about 10 cm. This variety is also often used for living green hedges, decorating their summer cottages. Plants need fertile soil and plenty of watering. The leaves of the Syrian tree hibiscus are egg-shaped. Flowers of a plant can be both simple, and terry.
  • Marshland. This variety is characterized by the presence of large and bright colors, which are decorated with fodder specks at the base of the corolla. If this plant is provided with proper care, then its flowering may continue throughout the year. Этот сорт тоже используется довольно часто в качестве живой изгороди. Домашний гибискус является довольно неприхотливым. Их красивые цветки применяют не только в декоративных целях, но также используют и их полезные свойства в медицине.
  • Китайский. This species is the most popular and often found in home gardening. The plant has large dark green leaves of oval shape with jagged edges. Flowering is quite long, begins with the end of spring and continues until the beginning of autumn. The houseplant has rather large and bright flowers that last for a maximum of 2 days. The color of flowers is usually bright red, but you can also find on sale a wide variety of varieties of simple and double flowers of pink, yellow, white and orange.
  • Kosmatoplodny. This species is grassy, ​​it grows well only in the southern territories and only in open ground. Its leafy plates resemble sunflower leaves. The plant has rather large flowers with a burgundy spot on the throat, the flowers do not fully open, flowering lasts only one day.
  • Terry. The plant has large white flowers, the diameter of which reaches 15 cm. Flowering also continues for only one day. This evergreen plant has bright green leaves that look quite impressive and attractive. Terry hibiscus loves good light, as well as abundant watering.
  • Triple. These herbaceous annuals can be easily grown with seedlings. The plant is interesting because it has beautiful cream flowers that open at 8 am and close at 9 pm. Many growers say that you can even check clocks for this plant.
  • Volatile. This variety is popularly called crazy rose. The plant is attractive because its beautiful flowers, like roses, change their color from white to crimson throughout their blooming. The height of the flower can reach 4 m, if you follow all the rules regarding care and cultivation.
  • Okra or edible. This variety can be grown with seed. The plant is annual, it can reach a height of 2.5 m. The hibiscus has rather large yellow, pink or orange flowers, which are located in the leaf axils. When they fade, fruits form in their place, to taste that resemble eggplant or asparagus.

Growing indoor hibiscus at home

Hibiscus is a hardy and not particularly demanding flower growing conditions. The plant grows quite rapidly. If you follow all the rules of care, you can observe abundant bloom. There are even cases when the flower blooms in winter dormancy.

The most basic plant needs are good lighting, regular spraying of leaves and watering.

The plant will feel quite comfortable in places that are protected from drafts, but are well lit. At home, you will have to periodically apply fertilizer and fertilizer. During the whole vegetation period, 1 time in 2 weeks during irrigation it is necessary to add mineral fertilizers to the water. With the onset of spring, when hibiscus is transplanted, it must be cut off. This contributes to better branching of the plant.

Lighting and watering

  • Hibiscus are quite moisture-loving plants, they must be regularly sprayed and watered. In summer, these procedures are carried out in the morning and evening, and in spring and autumn only once a day. Much care also depends on the conditions of the plant. In winter, when the plant is at rest, watering is recommended to reduce. In the growing season, as well as during flowering, the plants need abundant watering. The soil in the pot should always be moderately moist and loose. Watering is necessary to carry out pre-settled water at room temperature.
  • Hibiscus prefers to grow in places with bright and diffused light. In summer, the plants are recommended to be placed at the western or eastern window. If your windows are facing south, then the flower is best located away from the windows or protected from direct sunlight on it. To do this, you can hang a cloth or paper. On warm summer days, hibiscus may be kept outdoors on the terrace or balcony. In this case, the flower must be protected from drafts and direct sunlight.

Air temperature and humidity

  • The most ideal air temperature for hibiscus in the summer, during the period of active growth is from 18 to 25 degrees. The plant can be called shade-tolerant, but it will bloom in the shade much less often. In winter, the temperature should not be allowed to fall below 10 degrees, otherwise the flower will lose its foliage. Flower buds in plants, as a rule, are laid at a temperature of 12 to 17 degrees. In late autumn, when there is a period of rest, the flower must be moved to a more shaded place, away from heating devices, where the flower will be from November to March. When small leaves appear on the plant before the budding, the hibiscus must be returned to its original place.
  • As for the humidity of the air, hibiscus is a fairly unpretentious plant in this regard. Despite this, it needs to be sprayed regularly. During flowering, the plant must be sprayed with warm and settled water. In the autumn and winter, from time to time hibiscus may be sprayed with warm water. This procedure is a good prevention of the appearance of spider mites.

Soil for keeping the flower at home must be satisfied with loose, breathable, and in the flower pot must be necessarily drainage. The soil mixture for hibiscus should consist of the following types of land:

  • Sheet,
  • Pine,
  • Sod,
  • Sand
  • Of humus
  • Peat,
  • A bit of charcoal.

The acidity of the soil should be average and be 6-7 pH. If the acidity of the soil mixture goes beyond this norm, then it will be difficult for the plant to take nutrients.

Top dressing and fertilizer

Nitrogen-containing and mineral fertilizers will help to stimulate long-term flowering of hibiscus. Therefore, they are very useful in spring and summer. Hibiscus feeding is recommended to be carried out regularly once in 3 weeks with water-soluble fertilizers, which include copper, iron, potassium, phosphorus, manganese, nitrogen, magnesium and many others.

In spring, the indoor flower is recommended to be fed with fertilizers, which are characterized by a high nitrogen content. In the warm season, hibiscus should be fed with fertilizers with a high content of potassium and phosphorus.

Hibiscus transplant at home

Young flowers are recommended to be planted every year in more spacious pots. As a rule, this procedure is carried out in April-May.

It is necessary to transplant young flowers until such time as the diameter of the container reaches 30 cm.

If we talk about adult indoor plants, they need to be handled in large containers once in 3-4 years.

If the level of soil acidity is satisfactory, and there are no pests in it, then the hibiscus is allowed to remain in its former capacity, simply replace the top layer of soil (5 cm) with a new nutrient soil.

In the spring, it is recommended to trim the flower growth by 1/3 of the length in order to rejuvenate old bushes and form new branchy ones. Regular pruning every year can stimulate the flowering of hibiscus.

Reproduction of indoor hibiscus at home

Hibiscus reproduction can be produced by cutting, air layering or seed. Cuttings for breeding must be cut in the summer from the tops of the youngest growth. If reproduction is carried out by cutting, the plant is well rooted after 20-30 days either in water or in room parnits. These greenhouses are simple pots covered with a glass jar. When the cutting has taken root, they can be transplanted into separate pots, the diameter of which is about 10 cm.

It is recommended to add bone meal to the soil mixture.

To hibiscus shrub turned branchy, after some time, the top and side shoots at the cutting must be pinned. In addition, plant cuttings can be grafted. The grafting of cuttings is recommended in May or June.

With regard to the breeding time cuttings, then this procedure is recommended in the period from February to April, and from July to September. If the plant is provided with proper care, the young hibiscus bloom in the first year of their life.

If you decide to use the seed method of reproduction of hibiscus, the seeds should be sown in the soil from January to April. At the same time the soil should be quite warm, its temperature should be about 26 degrees. Seeding before sowing is recommended to soak for 12 hours. When the seedling will have a third leaflet, seedlings can be planted in a separate pot. At the same time hibiscus will begin to bear fruit after 2-3 years.

On a note

In the cultivation and care of hibiscus has its own characteristics and secrets:

  • The flowering period can be moved. To do this, the hibiscus dormant period changes: until May, the flower remains in the dark and rarely watered, and in May it is cut off, pruning is repeated in July.
  • Feeding can be done with a weak sugar solution.
  • Thawed blood from meat can be used as a plant food. To do this, it must be added to the water for irrigation.

Flower photo

Here you can see photos of hibiscus:





Temperature

In the summer months, the optimum temperature for hibiscus is: 20–22 ° C.

In winter, it is recommended to lower it to 14–16 ° C. This temperature has a beneficial effect on the formation of flower buds.

The plant requires high humidity and abundant watering. Water should be separated at room temperature. Too frequent watering for hibiscus is destructive. Each subsequent watering is carried out only after the top layer of the earth becomes dry.

Also recommended daily spraying water. During the flowering period, this procedure is carried out with caution, avoiding contact with flowers.

Soil composition

  • Land - turf, leaf, pine.
  • Humus.
  • Sand.
  • Peat.
  • A bit of charcoal.

The soil should be loose, necessary drainage.

Acidity - as close to neutral.

An important event in the care of hibiscus - timely and proper pruning. It is held after floweringin early spring or autumn.

It is dangerous to prune at the end of spring - hibiscus may not bloom in summer.

The first step is to decide on the desired size. and the shape of the plant. Depending on the tastes of the owner or the design of the room, it can be a small neat tree, and a sprawling flowering shrub.

To form a tree:

  1. Remove the lateral processes of the second generation, leaving several central shoots.
  2. Shorten the upper part gently by several buds.

To form a shrub:

  • On the contrary, pruning the central branch, which will allow the lateral processes to gradually develop into full-fledged stems.
  • Leave a few lower buds, remove the central part.

1 time in 2-3 weeks hibiscus need feeding.

  1. In the spring the plant needs fertilizers with nitrogen and sodium (alternately), since at this time it is preparing for active growth.
  2. During the flowering period, water-soluble mineral fertilizers containing phosphorus, iron, potassium, copper, manganese, magnesium, etc. are recommended.

Suitable pot

Capacity is selected individually for each hibiscus, focusing on its condition and appearance. If the plant does not bloom in time, it may be necessary to transplant it into a larger container.

A pot for hibiscus should have a pan, where accumulated water reserves, allowing the flower to easily wait for the next watering.

Young hibiscus transplanted once a year. An adult plant (after 3 years) can be replanted once every 2-3 years.

Regular transplants are carried out with great care, by transferto protect the root system from mechanical damage.

  1. For 2-3 days before transplantation, the soil should be watered abundantly in order to facilitate the extraction of earthen clod from the former pot.
  2. Remove the plant from the pot along with the ground. Do not destroy the earth car, visually inspecting the condition of the roots and the degree of development of the soil.
  3. Remove only the substrate that is not mastered by the root system (top layer).
  4. Place fresh soil in its place, compact it manually.
  5. For the first time (until the roots get stronger, and the substrate does not condense enough), you can install a support.
  6. After transplantation, it is better to water the hibiscus through the pallet in order to speed up the development of the new soil by the plant's root system.

Winter care

  • Good ambient lighting at least eight hours a day (fluorescent lamps can be used).
  • Temperature is about 14–16 ° C.
  • Watering 1 time per week.
  • The soil can not be fertilized, but, if the state of the plant requires it, it is recommended to use phosphorus-potassium fertilizer once a month.

Diseases and pests

Insufficient quality and non-systematic care leads to weakening of the plant. and all sorts of diseases:

  • the emergence of pests (spider mite, scythe, aphid, etc.),
  • fungal diseases
  • abscission of buds and leaves
  • hibiscus stops blooming
  • plant flies and turns yellow.

Similar plants

  1. Indian hibiscus. Morphologically very similar to Hibiscus Changeable, but differs in light pink petals that do not change color.
  2. Hibiscus Cooper. A characteristic feature is the variegated foliage combining green with shades of white, pink and yellow.
  3. Syrian hibiscus. It has large flowers, different shades of scarlet and purple spectrum, but there are two-colored specimens.
  4. Hibiscus Sour. It is famous for its jagged foliage of deep crimson color, which gives it a unique charm.
  5. Hibiscus sparkling. The name owes its fancy color flowers, purple and red hues.

Hibiscus Changeable is not pretty picky, but requires regular and thoughtful care.. A conscientious owner will be generously rewarded by many years of inspired life in the shadow of this fantastic plant, which has such a special atmosphere.

What is hibiscus, what flower is called hibiscus?

Decorative flower hibiscus, or Chinese (Sudanese) rose, belong to the family of malvaceae. The homeland of the shrub is China and north Indochina. Due to its unpretentiousness, the plant became widespread in countries of subtropical and tropical climates.

The word "hibiscus" means "bird ibis" (translation from Greek), hinting at the similarity of large inflorescences with the bird. A plant in spacious rooms can acquire enormous size, if it is not cut off, then each branch is able to give a beautiful flower, while the decorativeness of the bush disappears.

The inflorescences are red, pink, yellow, by type - terry or normal, like a bell. The term of flowering of any of them is two days. Fallen flowers can be used for brewing special medicinal tea - karkade.

What does hibiscus look like where it grows?

Tall shrubs with shiny dark green toothed leaves are bred in gardens and apartments. It is divided into perennial and annual specimens. Low-growing annual seedlings are sown in early spring, from the beginning of summer begins and until the end of autumn continues to bloom profusely. Annuals are intended for cultivation in the garden in the country, for apartments you need to choose perennial copies.

Some craftsmen turn hibiscus into an exotic bonsai, a small tree with a dense stem, a pair of leaves, on which only one flower blooms. Being formed by a stem tree, it can survive for up to 15 years. Such a tree has a high cost.

Timely pruning and transplanting will help to create a beautiful stem tree that can delight with large bright flowers from early summer to late autumn. Room Sudanese rose is perfectly adjacent to other flowers, due to the fact that it has the ability to allocate phytoncides, nearby plants are less likely to be affected by pathogenic bacteria.

Is it possible to keep at home hibiscus, care, breeding and flowering

Deciding to grow an ornamental bush is difficult, since its second name is burnet. As the name says, it is common for a burnet to "drink all the blood" of its owners during flowering. When the Chinese rose blooms, according to some beliefs, one of the household can be hard to get sick, even die.

Free from prejudice people quietly grow an exotic bush, it can even be located on the north window. For successful cultivation fit well-lit, often ventilated place. The optimum temperature for hibiscus is 20-22 degrees in the summer, not less than 14 degrees in the winter.

For the best health of the sprout, constant growth, flowering, it needs abundant watering. In addition to watering, in the summer it is necessary to spray the bush, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. However, you should not get involved in excessive irrigation, if water stagnates in the pan, it can lead to rotting of the roots. The best irrigation regime - in the summer every other day, every four days in the winter. Куст нужно пересаживать каждый год до достижения им трехлетнего возраста, затем можно осуществлять пересадку каждые два-три года.

Для выращивания подойдет легкая почва, чернозем с дерном, такая смесь называется «Садовая земля». На дно горшка обязательно кладут слой керамзита высотой 2-4 см для наилучшего дренажа. Without expanded clay, the plant may die, as the roots rot.

Top dressing shrubs are ordinary chemical store additives, diluted with water. Top dressing is carried out in the spring, from the beginning of March until the end of May, every two weeks during watering.

Room hibiscus propagated by seed or cuttings. Since the Chinese rose is easy to cultivate a variety, reproduction with its cuttings is more important - this way you can preserve the whole individuality of the parent specimen. A stalk taken from the mother plant is placed in a regular jar or glass of water. The appearance of the roots can be expected in two to three weeks. Some gardeners immediately planted cuttings in greenhouses, without waiting for the roots. Both methods are convenient, they almost always give results.

Homemade hibiscus seeds do not, after flowering the flowers fall off, not having time to create a box for ripening seeds.
It is very difficult to grow a Chinese rose from seed; it is sometimes impossible for novice gardeners. In order not to be disappointed in the cultivation, it is best to acquire the cuttings of the plant.

What are the signs and superstitions associated with hibiscus?

It is surprising that a lot of omens and superstitions are attributed to the Sudanese rose, all of which are negative in color. The most common:

  1. Hibiscus is given the name "muzhegon", as there is an opinion stating that the presence of a plant at home can lead to a man leaving the family. However, there is no evidence of this superstition, many families are happy, and you can see a blooming Sudanese rose on the window.
  2. When flowering hibiscus releases negative energy, so scandals, diseases, even the death of a household begin.
  3. If the flower bloomed in winter or in early spring, which is the most inappropriate period for it, it was interpreted as a mortal danger, then they expected the death of any of the relatives.
  4. The blackening of the leaves, the fall of the unopened buds also belonged to the signs that carry the death of someone from the owners of Chinese roses.

Superstitious people refuse to purchase an exotic tree, but those who do not believe signs, much more.

Street Hibiscus: Does Death Bear?

Chinese, Sudanese rose grown in gardens and on the streets of the area with a very warm, tropical climate. Those who believe in superstition, signs, are sure that the outdoor plant also bears the death of the owners of those dwellings near which the bush grows.

Many people believe that foreruns related to indoor hibiscuses also act negatively when cultivating Chinese roses in gardens, front gardens and outdoors. Besides the fact that the Chinese rosette “pulls” the energy of the owner of the garden, she is rumored to have the ability to shorten the life of its owner. This statement is not justified by anything, there is no sense in believing it.

How to get rid of hibiscus, is it worth doing?

There are several reasons for getting rid of a plant:

  • belief in omens and superstitions,
  • loss of ornamental shrub
  • cessation of flowering.

Get rid of Sudanese roses is very simple - to give to the winter garden or hospital. Allowed to give a friend who does not believe bad things, symbols. Some ruthless people simply throw out a sprout after it has lost its decorative effect and has ceased to bloom. People who have bad omens about a Sudanese rose are advised to burn it along with the pot, while carrying the plant away from home. Enough barbaric way.

People signs associated with hibiscus

One of the most common popular opinions is the statement that the plant has the ability to expel a man from the family. However, in India it is considered a flower that brings family happiness. During wedding ceremonies, the Chinese rose, along with other representatives of the mallow tree, is woven into wreaths and garlands that the newlyweds give each other.

Malaysia is a country where the population worships hibiscus. Not only is his image present on the national flag, there is also a park of these wonderful plants. It has at least two thousand bushes of these representatives of the flora. In this park, locals often hold wedding ceremonies.

In Argentina, the Chinese rose is very popular and revered. Almost in every house and building of Argentina there are at least two pots with a beautiful plant. If the apartment does not have an exotic rose, it causes bewilderment, dislike of people who often visit such a house. Argentines consider the inflorescences of a bright red color to be a symbol of purity and kindness of the soul.

If you decide to come to Haiti, or visit Hawaii, you will be greeted by beautiful long-haired girls, whose hair will be decorated with a scarlet flower. On your neck will happily put on a garland containing flowers of Chinese roses. In this way, the inhabitants of these islands express their respect and hospitality.

Attitude to hibiscus in Europe, signs associated with it

All the bad omens associated with this flower, originate from Europe and China. These countries attribute to him the ability to bring misfortune, grief, illness. In many European countries, there is a perception that a potion is being prepared from a Chinese rose, used by witches to create a crown of celibacy.

The flower is called burnet, according to beliefs, it has the ability to exacerbate blood diseases. Many see a shade of blood in a bright red color, but the flower looks more like a flame in its bright red tint. According to rumors, almost all witches use this instance for the sake of their black business. He is credited with the properties of embroil the spouses, to bring the person to depression, even to the grave.

It is believed that the lonely girl, who decided to settle in her apartment this marvelous plant with large red buds, will soon begin to be popular with members of the opposite sex, but there will be no permanent relationship while the flower is in her home.

The popularity of Sudanese roses in hospitals, where it grows and flourishes very luxuriantly, is explained by the fact that the bush feeds on negative emotions, the pain of people, increases mortality. This opinion is not conditioned by anything.

Reviews of those who grow hibiscus

Beginning flower growers can safely choose this representative of flora for their first experience, because he is famous for his unpretentiousness. Even if you missed watering a flower, it will not wither or wither. And the annual abundant flowering necessarily gladden its owner.

More experienced flower growers, having in their collection several species of hibiscus, note that an indoor plant can be grafted and get amazing bright flowers with a unique color. There are many sites on floriculture on the Internet, where flower growers say that the popularity of the Chinese rose is justified by its simplicity and safety.

Rooms in which the plant is standing must be thoroughly ventilated during the daytime, because at night it intensively fills the room with oxygen. Many plant growers note that an unusual freshness is felt next to the ornamental deciduous tree. Inflorescences do not have a pronounced odor, although the fragrance of freshness is inherent in them.

Exotic shrub is characterized by rapid growth of lateral shoots, because of which it instantly loses its decorative appearance. Often the plant is drawn out, because of which it loses its leaves, this is due to insufficient lighting. Return a decorative view of the tree is impossible. It is better to take a cutting from the perishing tree, then plant it again. Experienced gardeners are advised to cut off excess shoots as soon as the seedling reaches a height of 45-50 cm.

If a Chinese rosette is not replanted for more than three years, it begins to grow the trunk, flowering becomes rare or stops altogether, the emerging new leaves are small and inconspicuous.

Conclusion

We tried to tell as much as possible about why hibiscus is the “flower of death”, why it is so called. As is clear from the article, the Sudanese rose does not have negative qualities. Its home content does not cause physical, spiritual harm to people.

Indicative of the fact that this exotic shrub is not only beautiful, it is good for health. A well-known fact: in Egypt, there are entire plantations where it is grown. Plantation workers are harvested daily, then dried inflorescences for carcade in industrial sizes. The drink is imported to all countries of the world, where it is very popular.

People devoid of prejudice, who love the true beauty and comfort in their homes, must pay attention to this charming, unpretentious representative of the flora with exotic scarlet flowers.

Hibiscus tree - planting and care


Lighting and temperature

"Syrian" need sunny and warm place, closed from drafts (when disembarking in the container) and from strong wind (in open ground).

In room culture, rooms with south-facing windows are optimal for him. In summer, hibiscus develops well on the balcony.

Soil composition, planting, transplanting

When landing on the site dig a hole for a seedling twice as big as its root system. A layer of brick or ceramic paving 15 cm thick is placed on the bottom. A ten-centimeter layer of sand is poured on top, then a compost layer of 15 cm, and an equal layer of sand on top. The soil extracted from the pit is mixed with peat and sand: two volumes of land, four volumes of peat, one volume of sand. The resulting mixture poured the roots of seedlings placed in the planting pit. As a result, the root neck should be barely covered. Sapling spud, forming a wide hole for moisture. Watering is carried out on it and, after the moisture is absorbed, the groove is leveled, covered with earth.

When landing in container the same conditions are fulfilled: obligatory drainage, loose fertile soil. At the bottom of the pot a layer of expanded clay or small pebbles is required. As an optimal primer, a ready mix is ​​used for ornamental shrubs, or they make up a planting substrate of turf and leafy soil, as well as humus in equal quantities with the addition of fibrous peat, loose sand and “wellness” - charcoal.

Watering

In the warm season Location on need regular, as the soil surface drieswatering with soft water. In case of drought, the bush will need to be watered every day.

AT tub culture regular summer watering joins systematic spraying soft water at room temperature.

Top dressing

In the open ground, summer, bi-fertilizer fertilization with high content is required twice a month phosphorus, but early fallTo help the bush spend the winter, you need to add potash fertilizer.

"Syrian" in container at spring and summer feed up every 10 days mineral complexes intended for ornamental and flowering shrubs. In the spring useful to increase the content nitrogen, but summerpotassium and phosphorus. Use alternately organic and mineral supplements. Autumn and winter is not fed.

Growth and pruning

Hibiscus tolerates "haircut" 3-4 times a year. Pruned shoots can be used for grafting and graft reproduction.

Gradual pruning this shrub can be turned into an elegant tree with a thick crown and abundant summer blooms.

In suitable conditions "Syrian" lives 20 years or more.

Bloom

Well-groomed, properly trimmed plant blooms long - both in summer and in autumn. A single flower is short-lived, its life is only one day. Therefore, it is important to create such conditions that the buds are formed again and again.

Besides trimming, it is important maintain proper temperature, humidity, light and feed.

If the temperature is low, not enough moisture or not enough fertilizer, buds are formed, but, not opened, fall.

No bloom in a well-developed specimen with abundant foliage if it is “overfed” with nitrogen fertilizers.

Flowers do not form and those "Chinese roses" who lack moisture in the period of active growth.

Winter is too warm also does not allow the plant to accumulate enough strength to bloom.

Graft

To get the "Chinese rose" on which at the same time flowers open different varieties and colors, spend green crown vaccinations.

In the crown choose a little lignified shoot and cut off, leaving a four-centimeter "stump". They split it exactly in the middle to a depth of 1.5 cm. Insert into the incision the lower end of the graft-graft, "sharpened" on both sides using oblique cuts of the same length of one and a half centimeters. The tissues of both branches must coincide: the core - with the core, the bark - with the bark.

The grafted area is wrapped with PTFE tape and give the tissues to grow together within 2 months.

Then the tape is removed, and the accretion zone is covered with garden pitch.

In the open ground winter shelter is strongly required for young bushes. Mature specimens tolerate winter much more easily.

In preparation for the winter spend late autumn watering, hillingand in the second half of November bend the branches to the ground, cover with nonwoven fabric (lutrasil, spunbond), then polyethylene and press. Covered with spruce branches.

You can also install frame around the bush and wrap it with a covering material in several layers.

In container culture with the arrival of winter, it is desirable to rearrange the hibiscus in well lighted place with a temperature of about 13 degrees. Watering should be limited.

Homemade hibiscus

The genus Hibiscus has more than two hundred thousand varieties. And this includes not only shrubs, but also trees, herbaceous perennial plants that are common in the tropics and subtropics.

The homeland of the Chinese rose is considered to be China and Asia. Different species can grow in gardens in the central part of Russia. Where the plant is very common, young shoots are used as food, made from flowers, tea, dyes, used plants in medicine. An example is the Sudanese hibiscus, which is used to make Karkade tea. Tropical hibiscus, Syrian, hybrid and Chinese are grown in indoor conditions. Hibiscus is the national plant of the Hawaiian Islands. There he is called the flower of beautiful ladies.

Features of rose care

Before the plant takes its place in the room, will be more than one year. If you provide hibiscus care in the home of the proper kind, then this plant will delight with its appearance for many years. For this you need:

  1. For planting use a good, properly composed soil.
  2. Provide proper lighting.
  3. Observe irrigation regimes.
  4. In a timely manner and in the correct dosage to apply fertilizer.
  5. If desired, carry out the formation of the bush.
  6. Protect from pests and diseases.

The plant needs to respect the winter and summer maintenance regimes. It does not like drafts: from them the leaves begin to turn yellow, the branches become bare, the unopened buds fall off.

Cultivation of hibiscus and care at home for this plant requires compliance with the rules of selection of the pot: it does not need the capacity "for growth". In the pot must be drainage to remove excess moisture.

Having bought a plant

Having brought home a rose from the store, you should not immediately put it next to other plants. First you need to carefully examine it: the stems, leaves on both sides, flower stalks - they should not be pests, adhesive substances, stains, stains, rot.

For home rose hibiscus home care begins with the inspection. If even the most insignificant points, spots, spider webs, irregularly yellowed leaflets are found, the plant must be immediately treated with insecticides and fungicides.

Transplant after buying a plant is not always needed. Usually in flower shops sell plants supplied from Holland. They are planted in containers, selected under the necessary parameters, providing abundant flowering. The root system of plants at the time of sale is well mastered earthen room. Hibiscus are planted in peat with a very high content of fertilizers and with the content of growth promoters. If you immediately transplant the plant into a less nutrient medium, it will simply die.

If, nevertheless, decide to transplant the plant into another pot, then this is done by the method of transshipment, retaining the entire earthen room. Of course, it is better not to do this immediately after the acquisition, and wait for the end of flowering. During this time, the nutrients from the soil will go away, and the plant will transfer the transplant better.

After flowering transplant is carried out only after the removal of all remnants of the old soil from the root system. For this, the root system is thoroughly cleaned of the old earth, but it is not worth washing them, as the roses are painfully involved in this procedure.

Sometimes after transplanting the plant, there is a lethargy of leaves. To make the flower easier to survive the stress, it is recommended to water it with “Zircon”. One month after transplantation, you can prune the plant.

Soil for planting

For hibiscus home care begins with the preparation of the soil. Here flower growers can go in two ways: buy ready-made soil specifically for hibiscus or make the composition yourself. In this case, you need: two parts of clay sod, one part of leaf humus and simple land from a vegetable garden, some sand, vermiculite and charcoal. All components are well mixed.

For planting a pot is taken two to three centimeters more than the previous one. Transplantation spend every spring.

From the pot carefully removed the plant. Старые темные корешки обязательно удаляются. Для этого используют острые ножницы или другой острый чистый предмет.Places cut treated with coal.

How to care

To get a hibiscus in the photo, taking care of yourself at home is as follows:

  1. Correctly selected place where the plant will be placed. Young copies put on the western or eastern sill. Adults - placed at the window. If you put the plant on the north side, it will stretch, the color of the foliage will fade, the rose will stop blooming.
  2. Temperature. To get a hibiscus flower as in the photo, care at home is reduced to adhering to the temperature regime of cultivation. This plant does not like heat. Comfortable temperatures are considered: in the winter - 14-16 degrees, and in the summer - 20-15 degrees.
  3. Watering. Rose refers to moisture-loving plants. In the summer, it is watered abundantly, until the earth’s coma is completely soaked. Water from the pallet cleaned thirty minutes after watering. Since autumn, watering is reduced. After complete drying of the upper layers of the earth, it is loosened and only three days later, not earlier, they water the plant. In parallel with irrigation, they reduce the temperature of the content: the cooler in the room, the less often it is necessary to water the rose.
  4. Humidity. Hibiscus likes high humidity, it must be sprayed. During flowering, this procedure is carried out very carefully, trying to prevent water from entering the buds. You can solve the problem of dry air by installing humidifiers, as well as putting the pot on a wet-filled tray.
  5. Priming. It should be light, nutritious, neutral. With self-compiled land peat is not used.
  6. Feeding. In the spring, fertilizers are applied with a high content of potassium and phosphorus. The rest of the time, they use complex balanced fertilizer intended for flowering crops. The nitrogen content should be minimal.
  7. Transfer. Up to the age of four, transplanting is done every year. As the flower grows, the interval between transfers increases to three years.

Forming a bush

To get a hibiscus like in a photo, care at home means forming a bush. It is more correct to carry out this procedure after flowering. During the formation, all shoots are removed, growing in parallel with the trunks and directed inside the flower. The cuts are made at an angle, directing the outer edge of the bevel to the top of the crown.

Pruning is carried out in two steps, giving the plant the opportunity to recover. If you immediately remove all the shoots, then this can provoke the development of diseases. How to properly trim, you can see in this video.

What to do if the rose does not bloom

Taking care of a hibiscus flower at home is simple, although there are times when the plant refuses to bloom. This is usually associated with violation of the rules of plant maintenance: warm wintering, too large a pot, improper watering, incorrect feeding. To stimulate flowering, you must:

  1. In October, cut off all the old shoots, leaving three eyes at each.
  2. If the pot is too large, the plant should be transplanted into a smaller container.
  3. In winter, the plant should rest. To get a room hibiscus like in a photo, care at home is reduced to following wintering rules: the temperature should be about sixteen degrees. Lighting should be limited, watered only when necessary.
  4. With the beginning of March, watering intensifies, the earth must be thoroughly gnawed.
  5. In the spring, the pot with the plant is placed in a warm place, the first feeding is carried out.

Breeding features

Reproduction can be done with seeds and cuttings, the latter method allows to obtain the same sort of hibiscus. Care and reproduction at home for new plants is almost no different from caring for adults: it also needs to be watered, replanted, to monitor the lighting and humidity levels.

Plant growing from seed

Growing hibiscus from seeds is not easy and very troublesome. If the seeds are purchased in a store, then the probability of their germination may be low. Seeds derived from their plants germinate best.

To obtain healthy seedlings you need:

  1. Prepare the primer. For planting seeds use peat with sand. Fill the container with this mixture.
  2. Seeds are sown with a seal of 0.5-1 cm, the soil is moistened. From above crops are covered with glass or plastic bag. The container is placed in a warm place, where the temperature is constantly maintained at 25 degrees.
  3. After the appearance of the third true leaflet seedlings are seated in separate containers.

When growing seedlings from seeds, the plant blooms in a year, but more often in two.

Reproduction by cutting

The reproduction of roses is easier and faster carried out by top cuttings. They quickly give roots and grow. For successful rooting, you can take cuttings obtained by pruning hibiscus.

Home care involves cutting cuttings up to eight centimeters long. Cropped slices are processed with a solution that stimulates root formation, for example, by “Root”. Then the cuttings put on rooting in the water. You can plant them immediately in the ground. In the latter case, the container with the cuttings is covered with a can or other container. After the appearance of signs of growth shelter removed. Usually the roots appear within a month, and after four - the first flowers bloom.

Growing problems

Sometimes flower growers are faced with the problem of yellowing, drying leaves, with the fall of buds. There are other problems in growing hibiscus. Care at home in the winter and summer for this plant requires compliance with simple rules, otherwise it can get sick and die.

Yellowing leaves can talk about dry air, chlorosis of trees, the presence of pests, and root disease. If the leaves begin to fall off, this may indicate low humidity, stressful situations, too wet ground, and the presence of pests.

With a lack of nutrients, the tips of the leaves begin to fade. When twisting the leaves, the plant is infected with aphids or other pests. The fall of the buds indicates a lack of potassium, heat, or the defeat of a plant by gallitz.

Rose pests

Of the pests most often the plant is affected by spider mites. To get rid of the pest, it is necessary to increase the level of humidity by washing the plant with soapy water, and also to treat the plant with a zipper or other means.

Less often the rose is affected by the whitefly. Signs of the appearance of the pest are the stickiness of the leaves, yellowing, and the presence of white moths on the plant. These insects are hard to fight. Adults are caught by sticky traps, they must be treated three times a day with Aktara or another preparation.

Common diseases

Bronze leaves and tracheomycous wilt are distinguished from diseases typical of the plant. For the first type of pathology is characterized by yellowing of the leaves, the appearance of small gaps on them. The leaves themselves are roughened, wrinkling. When this pathology is found, diseased plants are destroyed. You can try to isolate the plant and carry out the processing of fungicides.

Tracheomycotic wilt is characterized by the drying out of the tips of the shoots of hibiscus. Gradually, the fungus covers the whole plant, and it dies. To save the rose, it is necessary to remove all the affected branches, be sure to carry out multiple treatments with fungicides.

With proper care of the plant, you can get a beautiful bush or tree, which will delight for many years with its abundant flowering. Moreover, the older the rose, the more abundant it blooms.