Potted flowers and plants

Cactus - Mammilaria: description, photo, care at home

The popularity of mammillaria in home floriculture is fully justified, they do not require special conditions of maintenance, are easy to maintain and are able to resist the attack of pests. Species diversity also serves as a huge plus in favor of choosing this particular plant for interior decoration.

The article presents tips for the care and cultivation of cactus. By following them, even an inexperienced florist can grow it, and the plant will delight the eye with its magnificent flowers.

How to properly care at home?

Mammillaria is a guest from warm countries, therefore the container with the plant must be kept in a brightly lit place, which have access to direct sunlight. To do this, you can use the window sills on the south side or terraces. If the lighting is insufficient, the cactus will stretch and deform, leaning toward the sun.

In the summer, whenever possible, Mammillaria should be taken out onto the street. For some species of this plant, daylight is not enough, so you need to artificially extend it to 16 hours, especially for the flowering period.

The rule of providing cactus with direct sunlight does not apply to non-pubescent mammillaria species. They, on the contrary, should be shaded in the middle of the day or hidden under a shed.

Frequent watering Mammillaria is contraindicated. In the summer, during the period of active growth, two irrigations per week are enough. You need to focus on the top layer of earth in a cactus tank. Two days after it dries out, the plant can be watered.

In winter, the earth is moistened no more than twice a month. The lower the temperature in the room, the less often the plant needs watering. The water should be used non-rigid, settled, room temperature.

Excessive irrigation for Mammillaria is extremely dangerous. This can cause root rot and death of the plant.

Temperature

Comfortable for Mammillaria temperature - 20-23 degrees. But they are able to easily tolerate extreme heat, so in the summer no special temperature conditions for the plant need be created. Daily diurnal temperatures are desirable, but this is usually achieved naturally.

For planting will require soil consisting of sod and leaf earth and sand in the ratio of 1: 1: 1. It is also recommended to add brick chips, charcoal, shell rock or limestone to the soil.

It is important that the soil for cacti has a high content of mineral impurities., was porous and permeable, especially for species with thickened, repose-like roots.

For growing mammillaria, you can use both plastic and ceramic containers, but the plastic one has some advantage: the soil does not dry out and does not damage the thin young roots. The pot should be wide and shallow, as the root system of cacti develops over a large area, but not deep and forms a large number of lateral shoots.

It is very important that at the bottom there is a drainage hole for draining excess water.

Mammillaria can be trimmed if warped.in order to straighten a plant or to return a neat shape to an overgrown cactus.

The procedure is carried out as follows:

  1. Wash hands. Blade stationery knife sanitized.
  2. Cut the necessary part of the plant. Cut it abundantly with charcoal, wood or, previously pounded, pharmacy activated.
  3. Leave the plant in a dark, dry place for a couple of days. Sections under coal should dry out.
  4. If the cut material is planned to be used as a landing, it is also kept for two days in a dark place, then put in a mug with water so that the cut is 3-5 cm from the water, but not dipped into it. After some time, roots will appear from the cut. You can put them on the ground in a container for further germination.

Young plants are transplanted every year.adults every three years. The best time for a transplant is spring. It is important to make sure that the rest period of the plant is guaranteed to be over.

Consider how to transplant a plant:

  1. The soil in the tank with the plant is dried, for this stop watering 4-5 days before transplanting.
  2. Take out the cactus along with a lump of old land.
  3. The roots must be carefully inspected, if they are rotten or damaged, they must be cut.
  4. At the bottom of a pre-prepared pot is laid drainage.
  5. The plant, along with a lump of old earth, is placed in a new container. Fresh earth to reach the desired level.
  6. The soil is slightly compacted with fingers or a spatula and about one and a half centimeters of rubble is poured on top. This will prevent the plant stem from rotting.
  7. The first watering is carried out two days after transplantation, during which time the plant must adapt to new conditions.

Mammillaria fertilizer gratefully perceives only in summer. One feeding per month is enough. For these purposes, any suitable complex fertilizer for cacti from a flower shop.

Growing during flowering

So that Mammillaria does not throw off the buds during flowering you can not often change the position of the cactus or transfer it to another window. During this period, fresh air is very important for the plant, so it is recommended to take it out to the balcony or to the garden. If the cactus bloomed in winter, it does not need to feed, you should postpone this procedure until May.

What to do after purchase?

After acquiring the cactus, it is necessary to hold it for a couple of weeks separately from the rest of the plants, in case the pests that did not immediately notice themselves. You can not put the plant directly in the sun. After the half-dark store shelves, he needs an adaptation in order not to get burned. After purchase, the plant is recommended to transplant, preferably by transshipment, it is less traumatic.

Preparing for the winter

Winterizing is carried out from the end of August to October. reducing irrigation, increasing the interval between them. During the rest period, the mammillaria must be kept in a room where the temperature does not exceed 13 degrees. You can put a cactus on the glassed-in balcony on the window sill near the window in the room. You should not worry about lighting at this time, since the growth of the cactus stops and there is no threat that the plant will stretch.

Rules of placement in open ground

To place Mammillaria in the open field, you should choose a suitable sunny place so that the cactus slide serves as a decoration of the site. Landing should be protected from the north winds. Every year, the soil under the cacti must be changed, at least partially, also need to carefully remove all weeds.

Wood ash can be added as an additional mineral fertilizer. Watering is carried out in the case of a long absence of rain. Water should be soft, not from a well. Around the cactus glade is necessary to carefully mow the grass. If nighttime temperatures fall below 5 degrees, cacti will need film cover.

Breeding

Mammillaria is excellent for breeding with young shoots. The shoot is cut, kept for a week in the air so that the cut is dried, then it is planted in wet sand and watered little by little.

Also you can propagate mammillaria seeds, which are pre-soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate, and then planted in shallow containers filled with wet sand. The containers are covered with film and germinated seeds at a temperature of 22-25 degrees. After the emergence of seedlings, the film is removed, and after the appearance of the first thorns, the young plants are planted in separate pots.

Diseases and pests

The plant has two main pests:

  • Red spider mite. Leaves traces in the form of rust stains, the dehydrated surface is not restored. In the fight against it using insecticides, repeatedly processing plants for two to three weeks.
  • Cactus Shield. They are also battled with insecticides.

Diseases that most often affect mammillaria: late blight and spotting. Against them, it is recommended to carry out preventive treatment with fungicides.

Also rotten plant. If rotting is detected in time, it can be removed, thereby keeping the cactus healthy.

Mammillaria is an ideal option for starting a gardener with cacti, mastering the nuances of caring for them. Compliance with simple rules will allow you to receive gratitude from the plant in the form of pleasing to the eye bloom.

Choice of location and lighting

Despite the fact that the cactus loves the light and grows in the wild right under the sun, direct sunlight when it is home grown will harm it. It is preferable that the cactus is in partial shade. In summer, cacti feel great on the balconies of apartments. Choose western and eastern windows. On these sides, the plant will receive enough light without the risk of burns.

Temperature conditions

The correct temperature for the cactus is the key to its flowering. In the summer season, Mammilyaria is able to bloom at a temperature of 20 to 23 degrees Celsius. In winter, the temperature should not rise above 12 degrees Celsius. With such indicators, the plant will be comfortable enough to start flowering.

Mummilys do not require much water. In winter, you can not water the cactus. Enough will be the only watering for the month. In winter, many plants fall into a state of complete rest and cacti are no exception. During this period, it is better not to touch the plants, and Mammilyaria is not even recommended to be moved to another place.

A bust with moisture does not like cactus. In the summer season there will be enough up to 4 irrigations. In the fall, watering is reduced several times. Despite the fact that the cactus responds normally to drought, it responds positively to regular spraying.

To date, in any specialty store you can buy ready-made soil composition for cacti. If you want to collect the mixture yourself, then you will need one part of deciduous or sod land, the floor of a part of brick, pre-crushed and the floor of a part of coarse-grained river sand.

Mummily should be fertilized periodically. Feeding is conducted in autumn and spring.

In winter, the plant does not need fertilizer. Fertilizer should be applied no more than 1 time per month. So you will provide the plant with favorable conditions for its development.

As long as the cactus is young it can be replanted annually. A more mature plant requires transplantation less often, only once every 3 years. Pick a pot wide enough, deep will not work. The width of the pot should be larger, since the roots of the plant grow sideways.

At the bottom of the container, the drainage layer is covered first, and then the soil for cacti. Well, if the earth will be easy and pass air and moisture.

In more detail about care of this plant in video:

Possible difficulties

When growing Mammillaria at home, you may encounter the following problems:

  • A plant can attack a pest such as a red tick that adores thorny plants,
  • The cactus will suffer a lack of moisture, but not overflow,
  • If the cactus is not enough light, it becomes long and elongated, the decorativeness of the plant begins to suffer,
  • The soil for the cactus should be loose and incorporate river sand and bricks.

Cactus species

Mammillaria is a small species of cacti, it is usually a dark green stem. ball or cylinder. The main difference of this genus from all cacti is available on the stems of this plant of various papillae, from which spines grow. Between them from the sinuses appear flowers. It is possible to distinguish these varieties according to the forms, colors, structures of flowers.

The roots of the mimmilyarium are on the surface, but they are quite powerful. The root system located in the center goes slightly deeper, and the remaining roots, rather long and thick, already branch off from it.

The peculiarities of mammillaria still applies specific construction of the areola, divided into 2 parts, one of which is located at the top of the tubercle, it is pubescent and with prickles, and the other is in its sinus and has only the pubescence infrequently with thin setae. Flower buds and shoots develop in the second areola, but only when the tubercle reaches the required age. That is why the flowers at the cactus are not at the top.

Still this genus is different from many other cacti spines. They are distinguished by color and shape; they are hook-like, feathery, sticking out and resembling thick needles. The color of the thorns is also diverse: white, black, red and many others. others

There are the following types:

  • Mammilyaria shide. A very miniature cactus in the shape of a ball, stem diameter about 4 cm, and cone-shaped tubercles reach a length of 1 cm. In the center of the spines there is no, and the radial ones are usually white and hairy, from 2 to 5 mm long. These spines are like feathers, so tightly covering the stem, that even its green color is not visible. The diameter of the flowers reaches 2 cm, and the color is yellowish-white, the fruits are pink. This species is quite branchy.
  • Mammillaria krupnososochkovaya. A fairly large view of this cactus and its height sometimes reaches 30 cm, its width is 14 cm. Its tubercles are cone-cylindrical, thin and strongly protruding. This type of mammillaria is a little branch.
  • Mummillaria snow-white is also a rather large type of cactus. At an early age it is in the form of a slightly flattened ball on top, and in a more mature cylinder it can be 14 cm in diameter and 30 cm in height. In the snow-white mammillary we can see spines growing from above. They are pale pink in color and are rather short, reaching only 1 cm in length and grow in groups of 8 to 12. The diameter of the cactus flowers is from 2 to 3 cm, pale pink in color with a stripe of burgundy color. Fruits have a bright red color.
  • Mummillaria Theresa. This species of cactus is weakly branched, egg-shaped, and this dwarf is only 4 cm high, with a diameter of 3 cm. Cylinder-shaped tubercles have a length of 4 to 6 mm. Radial spines, grouped from 22 to 30 pieces, 2 mm long, they are almost transparent white. And the central spines are slightly longer, grouped into 9 pieces, yellowish in color. The flowers of a cactus of this species are rather large (up to 3 cm in diameter) and a violet-purple color. Fruits are red.
  • Mammilyaria spiny - cactus of medium size, often not branched in the form of a cylinder. Its height and diameter reaches 30 cm and 10 cm, respectively. Conical tubercles 5 mm long, areoles located on their tops, have from 20 to 25 radial spines of white color (length - 4-6 mm) and from 12 to 15 spikes in the center (length - 1-1.5 cm) . Flower size 1-1.5 cm. Fruits of red color.
  • Mummillaria rivers - a cactus in the shape of a cylinder of medium size. The height of this type of cactus is from 12 to 13 cm, with a diameter of 5 to 6 cm. In the areola there are up to 30 small radial spines (4-6 mm long) of white, yellowish-white, and dark brown central ones - up to 7, which are large and thick (up to 25 mm). Flowers are purple-pink, 1.5 cm long, and the fruits are red.

Mammill care at home

Basic rules for caring for mammillaria:

  • The plant is light-requiring, so it needs adequate lighting.
  • In no case should the plant overflow be allowed, it may die from an overabundance of moisture.

In order for the cactus to be pleased with its flowering in the spring, in winter it is necessary for the indoor flower to ensure proper wintering.

  • It is important that the soil of Mammillaria is always loose.
  • Produce a top dressing houseplants.
  • Monitor the appearance of the cactus, its roots in order to avoid the presence of diseases and pests.

Mammillaria are light-loving plants, especially their hairy species. Them maximum lighting requiredespecially in summer, so windows on the south, west and east sides are suitable for them. But the neumorous types of mammillaria at noon, it is desirable to pritenit.

This type of indoor cactus tolerates heat well, and it would be ideal for them at 20-23 ° C, and in winter it is better to provide for flowering with temperatures from 10 to 12 ° C for those not pubescent, for pubescent 5 ° C higher.

Watering Mammilys

In winter, indoor cacti rest and some species do not need to be watered at all at this time. The house plant is afraid of an overabundance of moisture, so it is important not to pour the flower. At the beginning of spring, when it becomes noticeably warmer, cacti wake up and, as a rule, flower buds appear on them. And starting from spring and until the end of the summer, mammillaria should be watered abundantly, doing it regularly 1 time in 8-10 days, depending on the weather. And by the autumn watering is required to be reduced to once a month.

Wintering - an important stage in the life of Mammillaria

If you want the spring cactus pleased with its amazing flowers, then they need to provide dry cool wintering. With a decrease in temperature in the cactus, a special biochemical process takes place, thanks to which the buds of flowers originate.

Wintering should be in a place where there is enough light and at a temperature not exceeding 12 ° C. Watering while Mammillaria is mostly not required, if small types of cacti, then once a month can be slightly moisturize.

Soil and Mammilyaria Transplantation

The soil mixture of indoor cactus should be very loose, permeable to air and water. It is purchased in specialized stores.

It is better to take dishes for cacti wide and not very deep, paying attention to drain hole at the bottom of the pot to drain excess water. Strangely enough, plastic containers are better for mammillaria, since the soil in them does not dry out and thus the young thinned roots are not damaged.

Once a year in spring cacti should be replanted, only adult plants once every three years. They are transplanted by way of transshipment along with the earthy clod of old earth, without touching the roots, otherwise the house plant can be damaged. Watering immediately should not be, you have to wait a couple of days to give the opportunity to adapt mammillaria.

Feed the plant need specialized supplements once every 30 days, especially when they grow profusely (spring-autumn). In winter, mammilaria does not require additional feeding.

Growing problems, diseases and pests

Unfortunately, at home, growing in a container with a plant pests can settle:

  • Spider mites and shchitovki can bring huge harm to this species of cactus. If the plant looks bad, then you need to get the mammillaria out of the pot and look at the roots for shields. If they are, then it is necessary to transplant the plant into a fresh soil mixture, before that, wipe the affected roots with alcohol.
  • The plant can be affected by nematodes. This can be recognized if you carefully examine the roots of the plant, they appear a kind of swelling. If this defeat is not identified in time, the cactus may die. For treatment in mammillaria with a knife with a blade cut off the infected parts of the rhizome. Then the cactus should be placed in a basin with water (from 45 to 50 ° C), and try not to get water on the root of the mammylaria. After the procedures, sprinkle the roots with chopped charcoal.
  • Mammilys, mostly not skinned, are affected by a red tick. To avoid this, the lesion should be treated with a cactus brush dipped in alcohol solution. If the tick is already wound up, it is necessary to treat the plant with an actellic solution (0.15%).

Mammilys very easy to clean, therefore, this flower is great for novice indoor plant lovers. If you follow all the rules required in the care of a home flower, be attentive to its appearance, inspect the roots regularly, then a room mammillary will adequately decorate the room and please the grower with abundant flowering.

Mammilyaria Cactus Overview

Some species of mylamillaria grow in desert areas and prefer heat, other types - in mountainous regions and like coolness. But, like most plants of a dry continental climate, at home cacti love a significant difference in day and night temperatures.

Mammily is distinguished by an amazing variety of not only stem forms, but also the color range of the colors themselves. Almost all species belong to miniature imperfect plants and are perfect for room gardeners.

Recently, the classification of cacti of the mammillaria genus has been revised. And if earlier there were more than 500 species, now, thanks to the latest research, greater clarity and certainty has been introduced into the classification. Although in many different sources there are completely different names.

Mammilys have a specific feature - on their stems there are numerous cone-shaped papillae or tubercles, in which spines grow from the top. They are located on the surface of the stem itself in rows and in a spiral.

The spines of these cacti can be different in length, most of them are light, some are hair-like, and some species are curved and dense.

For the appearance of flowers in mammylyaria there are sinuses between the papillae. The flowers themselves can be the most diverse colors, small, daytime usually appear in spring, forming a crown on the top of the stem. After a period of flowering, finally, the berries appear red or pink.

For those who most recently engaged in crop production - this cactus is most suitable for the cultivation of cacti at home, as they are fairly easy to grow. Mammilys bloom very quickly, and the first flowers will appear on very young plants.

Mammillaria cactus care at home

Like most cacti, Mammilaria are very fond of a lot of light, respectively, southern windows - just the place most suitable for them. Especially capricious and require even more light than the rest - this is a pubescent mammillaria.

Among the existing variety of species of cactus mammillaria there are also thermophilic, or preferring a moderate temperature. The plant gets the best development at summer air temperature of 10-12 degrees, but for pubescent the temperature should be higher - from 15 degrees. To Mammilaria bloom and at the same time bloomed as long as possible, you need a cool wintering.

To ensure good temperature fluctuations day-night, in the summer cacti are recommended to take out to fresh air (to an open veranda or balcony).

In winter, mammillaries do not need water at all, so they are not watered. But with the onset of spring requires very careful and moderate watering. Moderately, even abundantly watered the plants from May to June, focusing on how hot the summer is, but starting from August it is imperative to start watering the irrigation in order to start restricting watering by early October.

Fertilizing plants can be the usual weak special fertilizer for cacti in the spring and summer.

Mammilys grow normally with dry air, but at the same time they will happily respond if in the summer heat they are sprayed from a very small atomizer. But spraying should be carried out in no case in the sun, in order to avoid burns.

Young plants are transplanted every year, but old ones as needed. Pots for them should be wide, since the vast majority of mammylaria forms a large number of children, which in turn take root next to the maternal plant. At the bottom of the pot a good drainage is established so that the earthen ball itself does not become too wet.

Mammilyaria cactus soil

The usual composition of the soil needed for these cacti is from 1 sod part, 1 leaf part, 1 part sand and brick dust, or you can use the purchased ground for cacti.

For adult cacti proportion increases and will be 2 parts. Land for cacti should have a high content of mineral impurities, this applies especially to species that have thickened repoobraznye roots.

Conditions of detention

Like other cacti, mammilaria requires maximum illumination and bright suntherefore, it is advisable to place it on the south windows. This is a must if you want to see the flowering of this cactus. The greatest coverage require pubescent varieties mammillaria. For plants with a small number of hairs fit the eastern and western windows.

As for the temperature, it should be very moderate.ideally 20-24 ° C. In nature, the cactus is exposed to heat and higher temperatures, but carries them more easily due to free air exchange. With the onset of autumn, the cactus is transferred to the rest mode, lowering the temperature of the content to 7-10 ° C (for the pubescent species, the temperature values ​​should be around 15 ° C) and greatly reducing watering. Such a change of conditions contributes to the establishment of flower buds. In the summer, a pot of mammillaria can be taken out to the garden. In the literature there is evidence that certain types of these cacti are able to withstand even short-term frosts.

Humidity indicators are not important, dry air does not harm the plant. In the heat you can lightly spray the cactus, but this should be done in those hours when the direct sun does not fall on it. The spray must be finely dispersed, so that only a wet cloud settles on the flower.

Watering, dressing and transplanting

Spring and summer watering mammillaria should be regular, but not too plentiful. Enough to water the plant every 8-18 days in small portions of water. In nature, mammillaria grows on calcareous soils, the poet does not need to defend water.

Starting in the fall, watering is made more rare, and in the winter months it is produced no more than once a month, especially when it is cold. Some species are not watered at all in winter. Over-wetting the soil can easily destroy the cactus, leading to its decay.

Does this plant need feedings? Definitely, yes. During the period of active growth (from April to September) special fertilizers for cacti are introduced into the soil, dissolving them in water. If you take a universal flower fertilizer, then it is prepared in a weaker concentration, reducing the dosage by 2-3 times. In winter, the cactus is not fed.

Young mammillaries are transplanted after a year, and adults - once every 2-3 years or in case of a strong growth. To transplant traditionally begin in the spring. The pot for these cacti requires a wide, but shallow. At the bottom, drainage from expanded clay is always laid, and the soil is pre-dried. You can use a special purchase of soil for cacti or independently prepare a mixture of peat, leaf earth, river sand and crushed bricks in equal proportions.

Content issues

Mammillaria Diseases may be associated with improper care and attack of pests. This cactus is very unpretentious, but waterlogging is a great threat to it. If you overdo it with watering, the roots of the plant and its stems may rot. If you are not sure whether to water the plant, it is better to postpone the procedure for a few more days. Mummily is much easier to tolerate drying than overflow.

Another problem could be pest attack. Most often, these cacti parasitic spider mite and root nematode. Miteless species are particularly susceptible to attack by the mite. For prevention, you can from time to time to treat the surface of the stems with an alcohol solution or tincture of calendula from the pharmacy, applying them with a soft brush. If the pest has already appeared, the plant is sprayed with aktellik.

Nematodes manifest themselves the appearance on the roots of swollen formations in which there are small worms. Cactus quickly dies, if not in time to take action. The affected areas are cut with a knife, and the remaining roots are immersed in water with a temperature of 45-50 ° C, protecting the root collar from moisture, and then they are planted in a new pot with sterile soil. Sections are pretreated with crushed charcoal.

Plant description

Mammillaria cactus is one of the most numerous genera in the Cactus family. For the first time mentioned in the scientific work of the Swedish scientist Carl Linnaeus in 1753 “Plant species” called Cactus mammillaris. Translated from the Latin language mammilla means tubercle or nipple. One of the characteristic features of the structure of a cactus is the presence of tubercles or tubercles (papillae).

Mammillaria is not a large, but rather a miniature plant. The stem is small, fleshy, spherical, shortly cylindrical, flat-flattened, 1–20 cm in diameter and 1–40 cm tall. Stems solitary or branched. Covered with tubercles, papillae, which are, in fact, some kind of leaves, and at the end of each tubercle areola. The areola is a modified axillary bud, at the crown of which there is a tuft of hairs and spines.

Mammillaria has no ribs like other members of the family. Over the entire surface of the stem, tightly or not tightly pressed to each other, are arranged chaotically or in a spiral tubercle or papilla of various shapes.

Flowers and lateral shoots develop in the sinuses tubercles. In the upper part of the stem, the tubercles bear sharp, hard spines, and in the lower part they are covered with down or hairs. In the place on the stalk where the flower bud begins to form, the amount of down or lint increases.

The roots are shallow, thickened, fleshy, thick, tenacious.

Mammillaria blooms in early spring, in the sinuses between the tubercles are formed one by one or as a group of small, delicate flowers. In most species, the flowers form a ring at the top of the stem.

The shape of the rims of flowers are:

  • bell-shaped,
  • tubular,
  • disc-shaped.

The diameter of the flower varies from 1 to 6 cm, the length of the petals from 4 to 30 mm, width from 1.5 to 9 mm depending on the type. The colors are white, yellowish, silver, beige, pink or red. Sunlight is needed to fully open the flower.

Pollination occurs with the help of insects or wind (self-pollination). The ovary is formed after flowering in the sinuses of the papillae and has tiny dimensions. Fruits are bright, round or club-shaped, 1–3 cm long and ripen for 2–3 months. In the process of growth, the fruits increase, become visible on the surface of the plant as a growth.

Fruits serve as an additional decoration of the cactus; about 6–10 months remain on the stem. Ripened seed pods crack, spilling seeds onto the ground. Each growth berry contains small brown, red or green seeds.

Mammillaria is able to sprout one by one, as well as form large groups at the expense of lateral shoots.

The plant is drought-resistant, withstands the lack of moisture and its complete absence.
The natural habitat of cacti is quite wide, mammillaria cacti can be found in Mexico, southwest USA, Honduras, Colombia, Venezuela, Guatemala. It can be seen off the coast, and on a limestone hill up to 2.5 km.

Mammillaria cacti bloom from spring to autumn. At home, flowering can occur even in winter, during this period additional lighting should be created for the cactus. On average, a light day for a plant should be at least 16 hours. If necessary, use special lamps. Mammillaria bloom is capable of about 6 months.

In most species, the flowers are located in the upper part of the central stem in the form of a crown. The color of the buds is very diverse: white, red, scarlet, crimson, beige, cream, pale yellow. Some species have large flowers 3-5 cm in diameter, in this case, the cactus throws out only 1-3 such flowers.

Types and varieties

All representatives of the species, of which there are more than two hundred, have a decorative value, many have gained wide popularity in room culture. Currently, new species are being found, the type of mammillaria is being replenished. All sorts of Mammillaria are among the most popular for collecting thorny plants.

Mammillaria cacti are convenient for beginning gardeners because of their unpretentiousness, they survive even with the most serious violation of conditions of detention. This feature did not go unnoticed - they have become extremely popular.

Many cacti look like fluffy balls of wool (Mammillaria, Ghana, Mammillaria, plume), others have a high decorative effect (Mammillaria, shooter), but all of them are united by amazing beauty of delicate flowers of spiny creatures, unusual shapes and sizes. It is not surprising that most plant lovers choose mammillaria for home decoration.

Golden haired

The view comes from the hilly highlands of Mexico. A single dark green stem 4–6 cm tall, has the shape of a slightly flattened ball with a diameter of 6–8 cm. The root is thick, fleshy, dense. Tubercles elongated, oval with each other not in contact, are located quite rarely. As such, there are no thorns; the cactus is covered with hair-like thin, white needles-threads.

Blooms with bell-shaped large flowers up to 3 cm in diameter, beige or cream petals with a pink longitudinal stripe on each petal.

View with a dense stem of a cylindrical shape up to 4–6 cm in height of dark green color. The spikes are long, dark with hooks at the ends, and framed by a bunch of long white nap. Mummillaria bokasana during flowering is overgrown with a wreath of pale pink bell-shaped flowers.

With good care happy annual blooms.

The barrel-shaped stem of dark green color is up to 3-5 cm in diameter. Tubercles short elongated. The central hooked hard spike is framed by thin, threadlike spines. Mammillaria Wilda often and many forms lateral shoots of “babies” up to 2 cm in length, which continue to grow and develop on the mother trunk, do not fall off on their own.

Often blooms with small white flowers with a bright yellow core, fruits and berries are formed after pollination.

Bokasanskaya

Stem is oblong, thick, 4–5 cm in diameter, tubercles oval, elongated. Mummillaria Bocassan forms many babies, forming large groups. From the socket, on top of the tubercles, a hard dark hook-shaped spike grows, framed by light hairy spines.

During the flowering period, the cactus is covered with a multitude of white small buds, the seeds and berries appear only after the pollination.

The view is flowering with a charming wreath of small bright pink flowers (sometimes white). Mammillaria Zeilmana is able to bloom for six months. Stem round or short cylindrical with densely planted papillae. The central spike with a hook is surrounded by a tuft of white thin spines.

Shootside

The miniature species forms a large group due to the many side shoots. Stems are small, rounded. The spines are needle-like hair-like, in the center of the rosette - golden, on the edges - white, densely covering the stem.

Маммиллярия побегоносная цветет белыми цветками, плоды-ягоды яркого красного цвета образуются без переопыления на поверхности стебля и служит дополнительным украшением кактуса.

Кактус сильноветвящийся быстро образуют группы. Stem dense, elongated, oval up to 5 cm tall and up to 15 cm wide, densely dotted with short dark yellow or brown spines and needle-like pile. During flowering, Mammillaria, Carmen is overgrown with many small white flowers.

The stem of young plants is spherical with age, stretching to 6–7 cm in length and up to 15 cm in diameter, at the base of the stem densely overgrown with side shoots. From the middle of the outlet of the needle spines there is a central red with a hook.

Mammillaria celmanus rightfully belongs to the title of the most flowering cactus, the large flowers 2.5-3 cm dark pink with a silk tint are formed by the group at the top of the stem. Flowering is long from early spring until autumn. Kind of unpretentious, suitable for beginners.

A miniature view with a short dark green pear-shaped stem. Prickles formed a little and are rarely located. Mummillaria luti flowers 2–3 buds with large flowers on one stem, the tips of the petals are purple or violet at the base are white, the flower diameter reaches 3 cm.

Another name of the species - Cirrus mammillaria, is considered the most interesting and highly decorative type. Stems are spherical 5–7 cm in diameter, the papillae densely cover the entire surface of the stem, on each there is a rosette of hair, white, thinnest spines.

A closer look at the threads makes it clear where the name “feathery” mammillaria came from, they are very similar in structure to the feathers of birds.

Mammillaria plumosis often overgrows with side shoots, due to which it forms wide, bulky, snow-white “cushions” of whole families up to 20 cm in diameter. The species is rather demanding to the conditions of detention, apparently, therefore, it used to be considered rather rare. The flowers are small with a length and diameter of not more than 1.5 cm, white with a green neck.

The species forms groups of small spherical stems covered with long golden needle-like spines. Mammillaria prolifer forms single large flowers with glossy white petals and a yellow core.

Amahasskaya

A single cactus covered with numerous papillae with 2–4 long stiff spines up to 15 mm long and a small cannon that completely hides the tubercles. Stem flattened - spherical or short cylindrical, dark green, pubescent at the crown, height and width 9–10 cm. It blooms with small funnel-shaped pink flowers arranged in the form of a corolla on the top of the stem.

The stem is spherical or cylindrical, 5–10 cm in diameter, forming lateral shoots much and often. Mammillaria ghana resembles a ball of fluffy wool, the stem is tightly wrapped with long white hairs. During flowering a wreath of small pink flowers forms on top.

White haired

It is endemic in the southwestern regions of Mexico, occurs on elevations up to 2000 m above sea level. It is rarely found on sale, those who were lucky enough to get a white haired look, have a truly rare specimen.

The stem is dark green, without thorns, densely covered with blond hair, because of which it has a pubescent appearance. Over time, forms a lot of babies. The stem is barrel-shaped, elongated with a flat, depressed top 10–15 cm in height and 4–8 cm in diameter. The roots are thick, fibrous. During the flowering period, a group of small stellate-shaped flowers, up to 7–8 mm in diameter, of a raspberry or red-pink color, forms at the top of the stem.

Stem up to 6–8 cm in diameter, single or branching, bluish-green globose, barrel-shaped, cylindrical, slightly squeezed, stretching to 15–20 cm in length. Papilla up to 1 cm in length, tapered or cylindrical, sinuses between tubercles strongly pubescent. 30–40 pieces grow from areola. white, thin, radial needle spines white or yellow up to 10 mm long and 4–8 pcs. central hard to 1 cm long spikes, one of which is 2.5 cm long brown or brown-red with a hook at the end.

Mammillaria satin blooms with funnel-shaped flowers of pink or light red 1.5 cm in diameter.

Mammillaria gracilis is another name or elegant. Small elongated cylindrical stems, densely overgrown with lateral shoots. The central long dark needles are directed to the sides, and the tufts of white filiform spines are tightly attached to the stem. Blooms with single apical small flowers of beige or yellow-pink color. Unlike other mammillaria blooms in winter.

Elongated

The species is most often found on the shelves of flower shops and among the home representatives of green vegetation. Another name is Mammilaria Elongata. Stem reaches 15–20 cm in length and up to 3-4 cm in width. Cactus cylindrical upright. In due course it is strongly pulled out, under the weight bends to the ground, many old cacti completely lie down on a ground. At the ends of the elongated papillae there is a rosette of golden spines.

At home, the elongated mammillaria forms white or red flowers in the upper part of the stem. fruits and berries are formed after over-pollination. Mammillaria elongated forms densely located formations.

Home care

Many grow several species at the same time, planting them in one flower container, forming the original cactus mix. Having a mixture of several decorative varieties, it is possible to achieve simultaneous flowering of various species, the care of which is relatively simple.

Mammillaria cactus is completely undemanding to care, however, the plant is very light-loving, all species need long-term intensive illumination with direct sunlight, but with shading on hot days.

Although the plant prefers prolonged sunbathing, on the southern window-sill, in the afternoon a thorny glomerulus needs to provide a slight shading.

Periodic airing on hot summer days is extremely useful for cactus. In low light or in the absence of the sun, cacti are strongly drawn out, and the decorative appearance of the plant suffers.

The plant is drought-resistant, calmly tolerates poor scarce watering. However, for lush, abundant flowering cactus requires sufficient infrequent watering in small portions. In the spring and summer, watering is moderately 2–3 times a month, and during hot, sultry weather, watering increases. Moreover, the soil is moistened only when the top layer dries out.

By the end of August, watering is reduced, by the middle of autumn - they limit, literally slightly wetting the ground surface.

In winter, watering at home requires a rare once a month, the soil in a pot slightly sprinkled with water. Watering of some species in the winter is completely stopped.

Air humidity

The plant is quite resistant to low humidity, however, respond well to additional moisture from the sprayer. And it is necessary to spray not large drops of water, but very small ones. Sprayed in the morning before direct sunlight or in the evening, when the lighting is not so intense.

Rest period

In the winter season comes a period of rest. At this time, the care of Mammillaria cactus is to ensure a low temperature of 10 ... 15 C, scarce watering or even its termination. Some species are quite hardy, able to withstand up to -5 ... -7 C.

A dormant period stimulates and guarantees the imminent flowering and longevity of the cactus.

When caring for mammillaria at home from April to October, once a month, the plant is fed. In the water for irrigation add ready fertilizer for cacti, it will ensure active growth and abundant flowering. Fertilizer should contain mainly potassium and phosphorus. The presence of the nitrogen component is undesirable because nitrogen inhibits the development of cacti, making them soft and watery. Mummillaria can do without supplements.

Planting and breeding

Mammillaria is propagated in two ways - seed and vegetative, with the help of lateral processes and shoots. Since the cactus actively forms babies, vegetative reproduction is simpler and more effective.

Separate the side shoots and transplanted mammillaria, when the shoots grow enough. Since the cactus has thorns that easily cling to the skin, it is best to plant in rubber gloves, and when wrapped from the mother’s trunk, the baby is wrapped in paper.

Wide, flat containers with large drainage holes are prepared for planting. Drainage material of expanded clay or brick chips is poured at the bottom, and dried earthen substrate is placed on top. Before planting, the soil is lightly sprayed with a spray gun. Lateral processes must be carefully separated with a knife from the parent trunk and placed on the prepared soil. The baby is not buried, but only slightly pressed in, as if screwed into the ground.

Before the formation of the roots, for more reliable fixation, the cactus is laid over with stones or set of support from the sticks.

Cactus tolerates transplants. Young cacti transplanted annually, old after a year. The procedure is carried out in the spring. 5–7 days before transplantation, the cactus is put in the shade and stops watering. For transplantation, a soil substrate is prepared from the same amount of turf, leaf, peat soil, sand, or brick dust. For older cacti, the sod part of the soil should be two parts. The root system of cacti is small, the lateral processes of Mammillaria are rooted next to the mother stem, forming large groups, because of this feature, a wide but shallow container should be chosen for the cactus.

Application in landscape design

Used for breeding in room conditions, greenhouses, to create a kind of exquisite phytocomposition. For growing Mammillaria use wide shallow containers, in the case of planting a single type of cactus, under favorable conditions, it quickly grows, filling the entire space of the flower tank.

Depending on the type it turns out amazing beauty prickly or air "pillow". So, Mammillaria is a shooter, in addition to the decorative, miniature type, it is covered with many flowers and bright fruits, which makes it elegant and amazingly beautiful. Planting a number of different types, decorating the flower capacity with colored stones, you can create a mini-park of amazing Mammillaria.

Watering and moisture

Mammillaria cactus during the growing season is watered regularly and abundantly, not allowing the soil in the pot to dry completely. Although these spines have chosen to inhabit the dry Mexican prairies, even there the rainy season begins from April to September, when cacti get drunk for the future. Special attention during the flowering period require species with turnip roots. They should be watered opposite them only in hot and sunny weather in order to avoid excessive soil moisture on cool and cloudy days. Given the massive root, these species need moisture to a lesser extent, but pouring them is much easier!

Summer Mammillaria will spend on the balcony, to the humidity of the air, they are unpretentious. In winter, plants are kept in the coolest place with minimal watering no more than 1 time per month. How to water cacti.

author photo

Fertilizers and fertilizing

Fertilizing is rarely done, no more than 1 time in 2 weeks during the active period for the plant. In winter, all feeding stop! For fertilizer, you can use a complex mineral mixture, a special mixture for cacti, in liquid or highly soluble form. In nature, these species grow on poor soils, therefore fertilizing needs to be added to their diet, like “delicacy” - occasionally.