Mallow, she's stock-rose, is often found in gardens. Flower growers tend to underestimate the decorativeness of this plant, considering it to be rustic and not fit into group plantings in flowerbeds. However, a perennial mallow, properly planted and well-groomed, is able to decorate any landscape with its slim beauty.
The variety variety of this flower is very extensive, and annual care of it will not require a lot of effort. The reason why it is necessary to refuse planting mallow, can only serve as a harsh northern climate.
Malva in landscape design
Perennial mallow looks great as a flowerbed decoration in the vicinity of shrub and creeping plants. It can also serve as part of a hedge, to cover up an unsightly fence or wall.
Picking up varieties of mallow in shades, you can make a "solo" composition, without the participation of other colors. If it was decided to diversify the flower bed, you can plant dahlias, marigolds, sage, iberis, ageratum next to the mallow tree.
Choosing a place
The stock rose is steady against drought, loves a sunlight. In the shade to plant it is undesirable. The plant can produce small, faded flowers.
On a note! One of the most important conditions for planting is the absence of drafts and closeness from strong winds that can break the stalks of the plant.
Mallow is sensitive to waterlogging, so drainage is obligatory for it on heavy soils. Lowlands with heavy, poorly aerated soil will not work. You can get out of the situation by arranging an artificial small mound on which to plant a mallow.
Preparing flower beds for planting
Before planting, the ground is thoroughly dug up, adding, if necessary, humus or compost. For greater breathability, you can pour river sand.
Sowing in open ground
The easiest and most common method of planting perennial mallows is seeds. Its only drawback is that when planting hybrid varieties, their features are not preserved. Breeding hybrids is carried out by cutting.
To open the season of gathering seeds is when the seed pods turn yellow. After that, the resulting material is dried for 14 - 20 days at a temperature of about + 12 ° C.
In conditions of mild winter and sufficiently loose soil reproduction is possible by self-sowing. Favorable conditions for planting in the open ground in the spring come in late May - early June. Seeds are pre-soaked for 12 hours in warm water to soften the shell. Then sown in a loose soil, at a distance of 50 - 60 cm, without making grooves or holes. From above a little sprinkled with humus. Carefully watered, not allowing leaching. Shoots will begin to appear after 10 - 14 days.
It is important to know. In the first year of cultivation, the perennial mallow does not bloom, forming a root system and a rosette of leaves. And on the second will delight bloom.
You can also hold the autumn planting perennial, when the seeds reach maturity. It is similar to spring, they spend it in a loose soil, sprinkling the seeds with a nutrient substrate. At the same time, in late autumn, the beds are covered with straw or sawdust. Early spring shoots are very vulnerable to frost. They should also be sheltered before the onset of warm, steady weather. Do not forget about the careful loosening of the soil and removal of weeds as needed.
Seeds of mallow seedlings sown in February and March. It is desirable to take for this peat pots, which will facilitate the subsequent landing. The substrate for planting should consist of 2 parts of garden soil, 1 part of sand and 1 part of humus.
The temperature during cultivation should not be below + 18 ° C, the prerequisite is the lighting up the lamps.
Malva does not like excessive moisture, but it reacts well to regular spraying. When it gets warmer outside, the seedlings are brought to the open air for hardening. Time intervals on the street gradually increase. Landing in open ground is made when the weather is favorable. This is usually May - the beginning of June. The distance between adjacent plants should be about 60 cm, since the root of the mallow is very developed.
Seedlings can produce flowers in the first year of the plant.
Varietal stock-roses propagated by cuttings. Gardeners do not favor this method due to the low survival rate of planting material.
Stock roses propagated by cuttings
The very procedure of grafting is not difficult:
- From the adult plant clean tool cut off shoots.
- The cut place is disinfected.
- The resulting cuttings are dipped in a root growth stimulator and planted in separate pots with soil.
Note! When leaflets appear on the cuttings, it will be possible to proceed to a permanent landing.
Care for perennial mallow
Many gardeners who had time to discover the garden mallow, recognized that it was extremely easy to care for it.
Enough 1 time a week, subject to wet weather, plenty of water is not worth it. This can lead to stagnant moisture at the roots, and, consequently, to disease.
Malva does not require frequent fertilizing, it will be enough once a year. It is possible to use both mineral complex fertilizer for garden plants, and organic: compost, humus. If the soil under the mallow is not too fertile and the plant blooms poorly, you can feed the nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium composition. In this case, be sure to adhere to the dosage indicated on the package.
The flower loves light, loose soil. Therefore, it is necessary to loosen the earth at the roots weekly. This will also protect the plant from the neighborhood of weeds, which not only take away nutrients from young plants, but also are carriers of diseases and housing for pests.
Preparing for the winter
With all the stamina of the mallow, in the conditions of the north for the winter, it is desirable to cover it with straw, lapniki or film. Pre-cut the bush near the ground, to the bottom near the ground add compost or humus.
Tall varieties can suffer from the wind, and therefore need to be tied to a specially hammered pegs (height 1.5 m) or any other suitable support.
In order for the flower not to lose its decoration, the flowering buds are cut off with sharp garden scissors. It is also needed to increase the duration of flowering. Otherwise, the plant will give power to ripening seeds, and not to new buds. After the whole branch withers, it is also shortened, leaving about 30 cm.
Malva is very poorly tolerated transplant, rarely take root in a new place. Therefore, changing the place is not recommended.
Diseases and pests
Mallow rarely attacked by pests. Diseases of this flower are most often caused by excessive moisture. The most common of these is powdery mildew.
Mealy dew on mallow
Malva virus is also affected by mosaic and rust. It is desirable to destroy infected plants in order to avoid the spread of the virus. At first, the disease can be treated with mallow fungicides, colloidal sulfur solution, trichodermine, adhering to the stated dosage.
It is important to know! After infection of mallow with powdery mildew, it is undesirable to place plants prone to this disease at the place of cultivation for another 2-3 years.
What the gardener needs to remember
Experienced owners of flower gardens not only grow beautiful mallow alone, but also share their little secrets:
- seeds that have been stored for 2-3 years have the best germination,
- planting a number of different varieties of mallow can be achieved by pollination
- it is better to plant plants with different period of flowering on flowerbeds,
- To be sure of the abundance of seedlings, it is better to sow the seeds in the soil 2-3 pieces together. If all ascend, they can be thinned out
- the flowering will be more abundant and brighter if mineral fertilizers are added to the water during irrigation,
- Mallow blooms from June to October, which makes it a universal plant for flower beds that bloom all summer long.
Perennial mallow is widely used in traditional medicine. All parts of the plant are useful, including the roots and leaves. Also stock-rose is used in cooking and industry.
Mallow is widely used in traditional medicine.
Perennial mallows are divided into several species:
- Mallow Sudan. She is a Sudanese rose or hibiscus. It is grown mainly for the sake of flowers and fruits. Known shrub and tree form,
- mallow musk or muscat. Low view (up to 1 meter). It has a pleasant aroma, long flowering,
- Mallow tree. She's a hibiscus garden. Differs in height to 3 m, it is cultivated as a tree or as a bush,
- mallow wrinkled. This type is often called stock-rose. Height may vary by grade. Differs in the presence of varieties with semi-double and double petals,
- mallow hybrid. It features a large variety of varieties with petals of different color.
A beautiful and useful plant that has practically no downsides in cultivation, the mallow will not lose ground for a long time. It will remain popular and interesting for flower growers from different countries. Rarely found such a beautiful and unpretentious flower as mallow, planting, care and cultivation which is within the power of each.
Mallow flower - description
The root system of mallow is pivotal. The height of the mallow plant can be from 30 to 120, and some species up to 250 cm. The leaves of the mallow are alternate, rounded-heart-shaped, petiole, pubescent, incised, or five to seven bladed. Single or up to five pieces of flowers are usually axillary, and only some species form apical racemes. The petals of mallow flowers are deeply folded, oblong-obovate, most often pink with three darker longitudinal stripes. Stockroses have all five petals fused together, a five-cut calyx, with a subchash. The stamens fused together with the corolla form a tube. The flowers can be painted white, pink, purple, yellow or red. The fruit of the mallow is schizokarpy: a dry box formed by the sepals and disintegrating into individual fruit when ripe.
Mallow flower is very light-loving, so choose open sunny places for it, but if you decide to grow stockroses in partial shade, this will not be a big hindrance to its growth and development. It is very important that the mallow is protected from drafts and strong wind, which easily breaks the long stems of the plant. The soil in the area should be well drained, fertile, deeply treated and moderately moist. Such condition as fertility is especially important when growing terry varieties of stockrose. Malva is not afraid of drought, but it can die on wet soils. Poor, heavy and too dry soils are not suitable for a plant.
When planting mallow in open ground
The cultivation of mallow from seeds is carried out by seedling and seedless ways. Annual varieties and species of mallow are grown through seedlings. Seeds are first kept in warm water for 12 hours, so that they are saturated with moisture and quickly germinate. Soil for seedlings is preferred such composition: peat, compost, sand, turf and sawdust in equal parts.
Sowing mallow seeds on seedlings is carried out at the end of March or early April in separate peat pots, since the taproot of the plant does not tolerate transplanting and picking. The pots are filled with nutritious seedling soil, moistened, and the two-year-old mallow seeds spread on the surface are sprinkled with a layer of soil 1 cm thick. Then the pots are placed on a common pan, covered with film or glass and kept at a temperature of 18-20 ºC. Shoots should appear in two weeks, and the coating can be removed, but plants should be taught to room temperature gradually, starting from 10 minutes without a film and gradually increasing the duration of the sessions. Seedlings sown in a common box in the developmental stage of the first true leaf are thinned out so that the distance between them is at least 3-4 cm. Care of the seedlings consists in regular watering and ventilation, and when the seedlings develop three leaves, begin the tempering procedure. Planting of mallows in the ground is made in the second half of May, when the threat of recurrent frosts is over.
Biennial and perennial mallows are sown directly in open ground in early May.
How to plant mallow
On the leveled surface of the training bed make holes 2-3 cm deep at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other and two seeds are placed in each. Then the wells are sealed, and the surface is slightly tamped. Shoots appear in one and a half to two weeks. In the developmental stage of the three true leaves, the seedlings are thinned, leaving only one, stronger plant in each well. For a permanent place, two-year-old and multi-year malva are transplanted in late August or early September. Planting mallow in the autumn is made at a distance of half a meter between the holes. Tall varieties of Stockrose are usually planted near gazebos, the southern walls of buildings and fences so that plants are protected from strong winds.
When planting seedlings in the ground, the wells are located at the same distance as when sowing seeds, but their depth must be such that they accommodate seedlings in peat cups or the root system of a seedling with an earthy clod. After embedding the wells, the area is watered.
Planting and caring for mallow (in short)
- Landing: sowing seeds in May-June in open ground or in January-February for seedlings (planting seedlings in the ground - in mid-May).
- Bloom: mid summer.
- Lighting: bright sunlight, light partial shade.
- The soil: humus-rich, well-drained, moderately humid, neutral.
- Watering: moderate to heavy, regular.
- Garter: recommended, especially for tall grades.
- Top dressing: before budding complex mineral fertilizer with a predominance of nitrogen.
- Reproduction: seed.
- Pests: slugs
- Diseases: rust, powdery mildew.
Types and varieties of mallow
The genus mallow in culture has about 60 species of ornamental plants. The progenitress of this genus Mallow is a one-year plant. And species such as Sudan mallow, hybrid, musky and wrinkled are predominantly perennials. However, it must be said that not all flower growers include all these species in the mallow genus, considering, for example, that the Malva is Sudanese, or hibiscus, as well as wrinkled mallow, or stem-rose, although they belong to the family of malvaceae, but are related to to another race. We will not quibble: the plants are so similar in the signs that it makes sense to combine them into one section on care and cultivation.
So, Malva forest (Malva sylvestris), or Kalachiki. This biennial plant is grown here as an annual. It grows up to 120 cm, its flowers are characterized by a darker than the shade of the flower, veins. Popular varieties are Malva Zebrin, characterized by large flowers of pale pink color with dark red veins. The Black Pearl variety is also in demand - dark purple flowers up to 7 cm in diameter with black veins.
Malva musk (Malva moschata) It is a low perennial - not more than a meter. The fragrant flowers of mallow musky white or pink color reach a diameter of 5 cm. Sometimes this mallow is called nutmeg. Popular varieties are the White Tower and the Pink Tower 70 cm tall with snow-white or bright pink flowers, respectively. These varieties bloom to frost.
Malva Sudan, or hibiscus sabdariff, or Sudanese rose - a two-year plant grown for its fruits, which have long been one of the components of fruit drinks that have therapeutic value. Known shrub form Malva sabdariffa var. Sabdariffa and the tree form Malva sabdariffa var. Altissima.
Stock rose, or mallow wrinkled, or wrinkled alceia - Malva is called conditionally. The plant in nature reaches two meters in height, its flowers are 3 cm in diameter, yellow. It is a perennial. Garden form - mallow stock-pink, or stock-rose (Malva alcea). The plant is a perennial, reaches 90 cm in height. It has varieties with both simple and semi-double and double flowers, similar to peonies. For example, Chater's Double Strein is a mallow terry with large flowers of different colors, while Single Mixed has simple flowers resembling hibiscus. Stock-rose varieties differ in size: the Powder Puffs Mixed variety, for example, reaches two meters in height, and the Majorette Mixed is a dwarf plant (up to 75 cm), but with large semi-double flowers.
Malva hybrid (Malva hybrida) - perennial with several stems, height - up to 2 m. The flowers are white or pink, double, very large. It blooms in June-September. Popular varieties are Chaters Double, Gibbortello, Powder Puffs.
You should know that almost all varieties of forest mallow are annuals, and varieties of other species of mallow are predominantly biennials or perennials, but this division is conditional: there are perennial varieties among the varieties of forest mallow, and among conditional perennials there are annual varieties.
How to grow mallow.
If you do not want to make extra effort and do not rush to see the flowering of mallow this year, you can sow the seeds in the ground in May or June. But then your mallow before the onset of winter will have time only to form a rosette of leaves, and will only bloom next year. Если же вы хотите, чтобы мальва зацвела уже этим летом, вам стоит в январе-феврале посеять семена на рассаду.But even if you are ready to grow mallow as a biennial or perennial plant, the seedling method is still safer than seed. And for the one-year, and for many years of mallow, this process is the same, the only difference is when to sow. Annual Mallow planted in the middle of winter, planted in the ground in May, and blooms in mid-summer. Two-year and perennial mallow It is sown in May, it is planted in the ground in August or September.
Choose a sunny plot in the garden (mallow grows in the partial shade but loses its brightness and stem height) with good drainage and loose loamy, humus-rich soil. The place for sowing must be high so that the roots do not rot from standing melt water. It would be nice if the site was protected from winds and drafts. It is best to plant a mallow along the fence: there will be a support next to which the stalks can be tied up. If you have poor soil, it will have to be fertilized by mulching the land with humus. But more about that later.
Planting mallow in the garden.
Seedlings of annual mallow are planted in open ground in mid-May. Planting of two-year-old or perennial mallow in the ground is carried out in August-September. Seeds of two-year and long-term mallow can be sown directly into the ground. This is done in spring, in April-May, after late frosts. Small pits up to 3 cm deep are made in the soil and 2-3 seeds are placed in each. Depending on what sort of mallow you plant, the distance between the seedlings should be from 25 cm to 50 cm. The hole will fall asleep, the ground will be crushed and moistened. If you are not sure that the summer has finally come, put a covering material on your garden bed so that the shoots are not affected by the likely frosts. Under favorable weather conditions, shoots will spawn in two weeks. When the seedlings appear on the 3-4 leaf, they need to thin out, leaving one tall seedling in the hole.
How to care for mallow.
Cultivation of mallow is a simple process, as the mallow plant is not capricious. Regular moderate watering, especially in dry summer, loosening of the soil and weeding, timely removal of wilted flowers are mandatory requirements in the care of mallow. In addition, it would be good to feed the plant before budding mineral fertilizers with a predominance of nitrogen. A tall mallow needs to be tied up so as not to break under strong gusts of wind, so plant it along the fence or dig in high pegs for plant garters. Well, if you want to make a perennial from an annual plant, right after the mallow has blossomed, cut off all flower stalks so that the seeds do not have time to start. That's the whole care for mallow.
The healing properties of mallow
Mallow has long been known in folk medicine. The beneficial properties of mallow have been studied by healers of many countries. For example, an infusion of flowers and leaves of mallow treats inflammation of the stomach and intestinal disorders. Hot baths with steamed leaves or flowers of mallow (wood mallow) help to remove the spleen tumor. The grass of the mallow forest is a constant component of breast gathering. In the form of lotions and compresses, a decoction of mallow flowers is used for skin diseases to relieve itching and to heal wounds (obviously, due to the mucus contained in the mallow). Mallow is also used in medical cosmetology to restore the epidermis and prevent pustular lesions. The preference in folk medicine is given precisely to the mallow flowers, because they contain higher content of sugars, vitamin C and carotene than leaves. The main thing is that the preparations from mallow do not give undesirable side effects and have no contraindications.
Useful properties of mallow:
- - expectorant
- - softening,
- - reparative,
- - enveloping
- - anti-inflammatory,
- - fortifying.
Mallow cough tea: 2 teaspoons finely chopped flowers (or leaves), pour a glass of boiling water and leave for 10 minutes, strain, drink 2-3 cups a day. You can add honey, but then the tea should be no warmer than 40 ºC.
. Every year in May, the Aoi Matsuri festival dedicated to mallow is held at the Kyoto temple of Kamigamo and in the city. People put on bright clothes, go through the streets of the city with dances and songs. This holiday has many centuries.
May rain is endless.
Malvy are pulled somewhere,
Looking for the road of the sun.
Planting Mallow Seeds
First you need to prepare the seeds. It is best to soak them in a small amount of water in order to speed up the time of emergence. Then, mallow seeds are best planted first in the greenhouse. This should be done in early April.
As soon as the threat of late night frosts (usually the second mid-May) has passed, the plant can be transplanted into open ground. With the onset of cold weather, do not forget to cover the mallow with special material.
Attention! Malva does not like excessive watering! Due to the roots of almost three meters in length, the plant tolerates a small drought perfectly. But the stagnation of water does not tolerate.
Seeds need to be sown in small containers. These can be special containers for seedlings, jars of yogurt, etc. We plant seeds at the end of March. We make deep enough grooves in the ground. Next, you need to cover the pot with cling film or place in a small greenhouse. Temperature - at least 20 degrees.
As soon as all the seeds come up, we thin out the space between them. The distance between plants should be at least two centimeters. If you want to save all the shoots, then you need to wait for the appearance of three leaves. After that, the plant is dived and planted in individual containers.
Now it is important to give seedlings to get stronger. For this we quench it - for a couple of hours we put the pots in a cool place. Then put back. This procedure is carried out about three times. After the threat of night frost has passed, we transplant the plants in open ground, at a distance of 25 centimeters from each other.
Watch the video: cultivating mallow from seedling seed.
Care during flowering
Mallow begins to bloom only in the second year of life. At first, it grows a powerful root system, builds up leaves, in general, prepare for the ovary of buds.
In the second year of life, the plant begins to grow in flower. Approximately one week before the start of flowering, it is necessary to add complex mineral fertilizer to the soil. Once a year the soil must be enriched with compost or humus. The calculation is simple - 3 kg of fertilizer per square meter of land.
Mallow usually begins to bloom in late May. It is important to remove dry shoots and buds in time. A variety with long stems must be tied to a support. This plant loves loose rich soil. As for irrigation, it is required about once a week (abundantly) in dry summer. Loosen the soil is best a couple of times a month, but not forbidden, and more often.
Due to loosening, more air flows to the roots. This procedure will avoid rotting the root system and the invasion of wood lice and other insects who love humidity and damp. In addition, loosening will allow moisture to be evenly distributed over the soil, rather than accumulate.
Harvesting seed in the fall
As soon as the plant finishes flowering, it begins to prepare for the formation of seed material. Forms a small dense box of a rounded shape, similar to roll. Formation of seeds occurs another month, then the boxes are harvested and dried until ready for another month.
This plant is cross-pollinated. Therefore, if multi-colored mallows grew nearby and you collected seeds from them, there is an opportunity to get interesting hybrid varieties of plants.
How to save seeds
How to save seed material:
- dry all the seeds well,
- put in a paper bag or linen bag and hang in a warm place for a couple of weeks,
- we remove the seed in convenient bags or paper bags,
- sign the name of the variety and time of collection. In the spring you will find this information very useful.
Features of growing plants
Despite the fact that mallow can be called an absolutely unpretentious plant, there are still some nuances of growing mallow.
So, the main point of this list is humidity. Malva does not tolerate too wet soil, abundant watering. If your site is very high soil moisture, try to bring in the landing site ordinary sand. This is done so - we dig a pit meter by meter. Fall asleep on an equal part of the soil and sand, mix.
The second rule - the plant does not tolerate frost. In order not to destroy it, you need to prepare a flower for the winter. For late autumn, after the end of flowering and collecting seeds, prune the plant to 30 centimeters. The soil around the mallow mulch sawdust, dry grass. Then the flower is covered with a special non-woven material. Carefully fix the shelter, creating a kind of "house".
Malva also does not like dark places, strong winds. Find a well-lit, warm place for her on your site. As for the winds, then choose two options.
Plant a flower along the fence. Thereby you will kill two birds with one stone - protect the mallow from the winds, and also mask the fence. Make a decorative wicker fence near the flower. Such a composition will decorate any landscape design.
Do not overdo it with fertilizer. The plant does not like frequent introduction of drugs into the soil. As mentioned above, it is best to annually enrich the land with the help of humus and compost. Such a procedure will make the composition of the soil richer.
If there is no such possibility, then we apply the fertilizer no more than once every 2 months. It is this periodicity that will give the plant the strength to build up a powerful root system and beautiful flowering. More frequent fertilizer can burn roots.
Another important point - mallow does not tolerate frequent transfers from one place to another. Therefore, before planting it in the ground, think carefully - would you like to transplant the plant in a couple of weeks? Changing the place of residence of the flower is justified only in extreme cases - the flooding of this place of your site, the invasion of worms or woodlice and other troubles.
Malva pests and diseases, control methods
As a rule, mallow rarely gets sick, and if illnesses arise, they are most often caused by overwetting. In this case, the plant can get a fungal disease, such as powdery mildew. In stores you can buy a special drug that will get rid of the fungus.
Remember that it is important to eliminate not only the disease itself, but also its causes. If the matter is too high soil moisture, then you should think about how to fix it.
As for pests, most often the plant is affected by spider mites. It is not difficult to notice it - the leaves turn yellow, twist and fall. On closer examination, you can see a barely visible cobweb on the back of the leaves.
How to deal with tick? First you should try the folk methods. This is an infusion of garlic, a solution of laundry soap, an infusion of tomato tops, as well as a tincture of ash. If home remedies do not help, then you can buy special chemicals in the store.
The main thing is to properly dilute the drug and use it exactly as instructed. Usually, after a couple of uses, the tick retreats. For prevention, you can periodically spray the plant with the above means.
Another nuisance is earthworms and woodlice. They appear in the soil with high humidity and frequent rains. You can sprinkle the earth around the plant with ash or sand. If the pests do not recede, consider planting in a dry place.
Useful and healing properties of mallow
Mallow can be called a fairly well-known medicinal plant. A decoction of its flowers and leaves has an excellent expectorant effect. In addition, this broth is used in the treatment of the gastrointestinal tract, heart and blood vessels. Below are some medical recipes:
- For the treatment of bronchitis and acute respiratory infections suitable infusion of dried mallow flowers. To do this, pour 10 grams of raw material with a liter of boiling water and cook for half an hour. To use this drink should be after straining, 200 ml before meals.
- For the treatment of inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract can be made herbal collection. Mix 10 grams of dried flowers of mallow, linden and calendula. We grind. Tablespoon of raw materials pour a glass of boiling water, insist. You need to drink this herbal tea with a spoon of honey 5 times a day in small portions.
- When inflammation of the genitourinary system take a teaspoon of dried flowers and pour a glass of boiling water. Insist tea and eat half a glass in the morning and evening.
- For the treatment of pancreatitis we use dry flowers and mallow leaves. Mix a teaspoon of raw materials and honey, pour a glass of warm water. Use the infusion before meals, two teaspoons.
- For the treatment of stomatitis, we take 30 grams of dried flowers and pour in a liter of boiling water. Insist the composition for about half an hour, then rinse the mouth cavity 4-5 times a day.
- In order to cure conjunctivitis, prepare a similar infusion. We wash both eyes 3 times a day. Keep in mind that you need to take a different cotton swab for the eyes, because the disease is infectious and there is a chance to put it in the second eyeball.
- For diseases of the spleen, we take 150 grams of mallow, green oats and chamomile. Fill with two liters of boiling water, insist hour. After that, take a bath with the resulting broth for about half an hour. Water should not be hot!
Now you know everything about such a useful and beautiful plant as a mallow. We hope that our advice will help you in the care of this beautiful flower.
This plant pleases gardeners with its diversity. Mallows are divided not only by the variety of colors, they can be perennials, biennial or annual crops. The following popular varieties are distinguished:
Sudanese Mallow. It is also called hibiscus or Sudanese rose. This biennial tree or shrub plant, the height can be almost 3 m. It has bright red flowers, up to 10 cm in diameter. But, this species of mallow with its fruits, which are eaten, is attractive. Of them prepare tasty drinks that have healing properties: anti-inflammatory, diuretic, expectorant.
Malva wrinkled. It is also known as stock-rose. This is an annual plant that blooms unusually beautiful, large buds of white, yellow, pink and burgundy tones. The plant can be both dwarf and tall. Gardeners love the diversity of these varieties, as they fit perfectly into any landscape.
Popular varieties wrinkled mallow:
- Majorette Mixed is a bush 60–75 cm tall, with large semi-double flowers of various colors.
- Pinafore Mixed is a medium-tall shrub with a height of 90–100 cm, with simple glossy or double flowers of different colors.
- Chater’s Double Strein is a tall variety, reaching up to 2 m in height, has very large, densely double flowers, up to 15 cm in diameter (they are often compared to peonies).
Malva Terry. For growing this perennial variety is considered unpretentious, but it looks spectacular when creating flowerbeds, and against the background of large shrubs and trees. Cut flowers stand in a vase for a long time, preserving their decorative appearance. This variety prefers sunny areas, does not like drafts and needs a garter. And the location of the plant on the shadow side will lead to the fact that because of the craving for light, the stem will grow strongly in length, and the flowering will decrease.
Mallow musky. Particularly popular variety of this perennial called Alba. This is a very convenient and compact plant, from half a meter tall and not exceeding 1 m, blooming in medium-sized (up to 5 cm in diameter) flowers of white or delicate pink shades. Alba has a pleasantly pronounced aroma.
Malva landing and care
Best of all, if the new culture of mallow to breed through seedlings. When growing by planting seedlings of annual crops, it is necessary to sow the seeds closer to February. And in open ground to replant in May. Biennial varieties must be sown in May, and planted in a permanent place in August or early September. Reproduction of perennial mallows is carried out in three ways: growing a plant from seeds in open ground, planting seedlings and planting cuttings.
How to grow perennial terry mallow?
1. Mallow cultivation from seeds:
- seeds are sown at the end of May or in summer (in June),
- Seeding should be done on a well-dug area, placing the seeds on the surface of the soil,
- you can also sow seeds in shallow furrows made on the surface of the earth,
- seedlings planted on top slightly covered with a layer of earth.
Sown seeds should be watered regularly. Approximately in the third week after planting, the seeds will give the first shoots. But the flowers will appear on the plant only in the next year of life, for the flowering this year, the plant simply does not have time to develop.
In the fall, you can also sow seeds of perennial mallow. The seeding technology varies somewhat:
- for seeds it is necessary to prepare small holes (no more than 3 cm), keeping a distance of about half a meter between them,
- sprinkle seeds with loose earth or peat,
- autumn crops before the winter cold should be carefully covered with foliage.
Next summer you will not see beautiful flowers either. To see the blossoming buds in this summer, you still need to grow mallow seedlings.
2. Growing seedlings.
Технология посева семян такая же, как и при высеве их в грунт:
- в конце лета или по осени собрать созревшие семена от нужной культуры,
- непосредственно перед самой посадкой залить семена тёплой (не горячей) водой на 12 часов, что нужно для того, чтобы они стали мягче, это ускоряет процесс прорастания,
- At the initial stage of development, the mallow has very fastidious roots, they whimsically transfer the subsequent transplant, therefore, peat pots are perfect for planting mallow seeds (there are also peat tablets) that are sold in a flower shop, together with them it is more convenient to transfer the culture to the open ground
- you can do by preparing cups for future shoots (they must be large enough), which are filled with peat soil mixture,
- in the absence of the opportunity to purchase peat pots, seeds can be planted and in boxes with ordinary garden sifted soil, and from above fill it with compost, a layer of about 0.5 cm, which is recommended to press,
- boxes with planted seeds covered with glass (polyethylene can be), because at this time it is very important to maintain a comfortable environment temperature for the plant, which should be about +20 degrees,
- watering should be regularthat will contribute to the speedy shoot shoots,
- when the first shoots appear (it will happen rather quickly, after about 2 weeks), it is important to start regular hardening (i.e., you need to open the glass for 1.5–2 hours to access cooler air),
- Malva picking is possible, but not necessary, before diving you must wait until the third leaf appears on the sprouts,
- when the shoots get a little stronger, their can be transferred to open ground to a permanent place.
While the ambient temperature allows, the plants will grow into small bushes and grow stronger. When the first frosts begin, they should be covered with dry grass, branches, leaves to insulate from strong winter temperatures. The next spring will be strong stems. It should be borne in mind that the roots of the plant gradually penetrate deep into the ground and there is no point in replanting perennial mallow, since the roots will most likely be damaged during transplantation. It only hurts the flower.
3. Growing cuttings.
Cuttings are most often used when they want to plant a specific sort of mallow flower. You can make grafting in May, early June:
- the stalk is cut from the bottom of the plant, lower to the root (in summer the stalk is cut straight from the stem),
- a cut of the plant is sprinkled with crushed charcoal,
- put in the prepared container and well spill water
- cutting in the pot is up to transplanting to the ground.
Breeding mallow by grafting is not the best breeding method out of the above, because the desired result is not always obtained. To achieve this, you need experience and certain skills. Cuttings are usually harvested much more than is needed for flower plantings, because there is a big risk that not all of them will take root. The more experience a gardener has, the better it will be to dissolve the mallow by cutting.
Malva is not particularly demanding to care. However without compliance with certain rulesnecessary for the prosperous development still can not do.
- Malva prefers moist but not too wet soil. It should not be acidic, better neutral, and rich in humus.
- Watering Mallow should be regular but moderate. For the root system of this plant, both drought and stagnant moisture are destructive. Therefore, when planting, it is necessary to provide a drainage layer.
- To create the right size flower stalks requiredtrimming. They also pruned and bloomed flowers, otherwise the plant will begin to deplete, forming unnecessary seeds.
- In order for the plant to be healthy and happy with its lush flowering, it needs mineral dressing. To do this, the soil requires regular fertilization in the form of compost or humus.
- The most dangerous pest that infects mallow is slugs. In addition, this plant is predisposed to the development of various viral diseases, especially when the flower grows in a humid climate. Other possible diseases can be:
- leaf rust
- powdery mildew,
- mosaic virus
- spider mite,
- stem cancer.
When the first signs of disease appear, it is immediately necessary to remove the damaged leaves, and also to spray them with special preparations (Fitoverm, Kinmiks, Fufanol Trichodermin, Phyto-Doctor, Mikosan-B, colloidal sulfur solution, Bordeaux mixture, etc.).
Varieties of culture
The genus Malvé is represented by 25 species of plants. The most famous and ancient are the Mallow Pink and Lesnaya Mallow (it was they that served as the basis for the breeding of many hybrid varieties). Mallow and their relatives (hibiscus, alteika, laureate, chinabella, etc.) represent the Malvine family.
Plant height varies from 0.8 to 2.5 m. Flowers (double, semi-double and simple) in diameter have a size of from 5 to 15 cm (depending on the type and variety).
The color palette of the inflorescences is wide: burgundy, red, purple, pink, white, purple, black, yellow (besides, the mallow is a cross-pollinated plant, and the nearby plants actively “exchange” colors, creating unique shades).
Mallow are perennial, biennial and annual. Malva one-year in fact is also a two-year.
In the first year of development, mallows form a rosette of leaves; in the course of the second year, stalks with inflorescences are thrown out (from 150 to 200 flowers). Begin to bloom in June, bloom in October.
Leave after the flower boxes of seeds ("rolls"). You can collect seeds after yellowing of the boxes.
Thanks to the selection work, the mallow has taken a worthy place in the design of the garden, many hybrid varieties have appeared - of different heights, different degrees of terry and different colors:
- Queen purple - height 75 cm (as a result of the crossing of the mallow rose and pale pigeon),
- Chater's Double Pink - height is 2 m (double flowers of all possible coloring),
- Nigra - simple flower of violet-black color.
When choosing a site for planting mallow you need to consider:
- Mallow feels great in the hot sunlight (in the shade the mallow flowers grow dim). The place should be well lit by the bright sun,
- Mallow like light soil (loam) with a high nitrogen content, good aeration. Excess moisture will cause the roots to rot (the lower the groundwater, the better). Sometimes it is advisable to fill an artificial hill on which you can land a mallow,
- long stalks of mallow may suffer from gusting winds. It is recommended to plant mallows in places protected from the wind, or next to a wall, hedge, fence and other support.
- The transfer of mallow (especially an adult plant) is undesirable - a long taproot will be damaged. For perennial plants need a permanent place.
Seeding seeds in open ground is best done from May 25 to June 25.
The question of how to sow Mallow, will not cause difficulties even for a novice gardener. Mallow seeds are large, 2-3 holes can be placed in one hole (depth 2 - 3 cm) (germination can be low).
You can add a little peat. The distance between the holes is at least 60 cm. After the shoots are thrown out by 3 leaves, the strongest sprout should be left in the hole. With this seeding, the young plant will get strong enough and will be able to withstand the autumn cold.
When planting seedlings planting time other:
- when sowing seedlings in January-February - planting sprouts in May,
- when sowing seedlings in May - planting sprouts in August.
- prepare a nutrient substrate (light mixtures for vegetable seedlings, peat tablets) and peat pots,
- select mallow seeds (the most productive seeds are 1.5-2 years of storage) and soak them before sowing in warm water (+ 47 ° C),
- sow seeds
- after the seedlings have thrown three leaves, you can dive mallow. After picking, we grow sprouts in peat pots (the root can be treated with potassium permanganate)
- support the mode from +18,5 to 22 ° С,
- two weeks before the intended disembarkation - temper (bring to a balcony or courtyard, increasing the length of stay),
- plant seedlings on the plot (the distance between them is at least 60 cm).
Watering and fertilizing the soil
Mallow do not require frequent and abundant watering. In hot weather and occasional rains, mallow should be watered once a week. In dry weather, it is best to provide mallow with regular watering with a small amount of water.
In wet and cool weather, you can do without watering (so as not to provoke fungi). After watering it is desirable to loosen the soil. Weed prevention is usually done once every two weeks.
The fertile soil does not need top dressing. If the soil is poor, then a week before flowering it can be fed with low concentration of phosphate-potassium fertilizer. You can periodically mulch the earth with compost.
Trimming and Garter
Mallow stalks, 2-2.5 m high (although they have great strength) can bloom during flowering with strong gusts of wind. To prevent this, it is advisable to tie them to the support.
Usually tied to a fence, fence. In their absence, pegs are driven into the ground (at least 1.5 m high) and they tie a mallow to them.
Mallow pruning is practiced to remove wilted buds. Cutting off the dead flowers with sharp scissors we ensure the appearance of new inflorescences.
When breeding hybrid varieties of mallow, cuttings are cut: near the root - for spring planting, the tip of the stem - for summer planting.
Shelter for the winter
Preparing for wintering is simple. If there are no severe frosts, then the perennial mallow will easily survive the winter.
However, severe frosts can harm (especially young plants or some particularly sensitive varieties).
In this case, you will need to cover the mallow with dry leaves, spruce branches, fiberglass, cellophane, etc.
Possible pests and diseases, combating them
Mallows are most often affected by a particular disease - rust mallow. The cause of the disease is excess moisture. Leaves really like rusting stains. Such leaves must be cut and burned.
The affected mallow must be treated with a solution of colloidal sulfur or a special preparation (Amistar 250 SC, Nimrod 250 EC, Topsin M 500 SC, Dithane Neotec 75 WG, Score 250 EC, Discus 500 WG).
Other diseases include stem cancer, powdery mildew, mosaic virus. Sick leaves should also be destroyed. Antifungal drugs should be used ("Phyto-Doctor", "Mikosan-B", "Trichodermin", etc.).
Of the pests - sometimes garden slugs attack the mallow. You can fight with them chemicals, but it is better to collect in traps (wide and shallow trays with beer), which can be placed around the mallow.
The use of mallow in different areas
Malva is famous not only for its beauty, but also for its useful properties:
- healing. All parts of the plant have medicinal properties (but especially the roots). Broths are used as expectorant, anti-inflammatory, enveloping agents,
- technical. Mallow with dark red flowers are used for coloring wine and wool. Mallow Melyuka is used in the manufacture of ropes and hemp,
- food. Many mallow varieties are edible (you can cook, simmer, eat raw). Mallow contains an increased amount of protein and is used as feed in animal husbandry. Mallow is a wonderful honey plant (all other flowers are already fading).
Malva (stock-rose, mallow) is a popular, along with phlox, perennial, which in our country is grown by gardeners-growers almost everywhere. This is due to the decorativeness of the mallow and the fact that planting and caring for it do not pose any problems. These flowers, distinguished by their tall and elegant, bright flowers will decorate any summer cot. Especially impressive long-term mallow ironed in areas made in the folk style. The stock rose perfectly is suitable for registration of a decorative background of landscape design. It looks great along fences, fences and walls. This beautiful flowering plant is indispensable where you need to divert attention from something or hide nondescript buildings. Stock-rose looks great in group plantings.
Mallow is characterized by a rather long flowering period, so it does not lose its decorative effect until autumn. Easy planting, easy care, variety of varieties make the plant very popular with many summer residents.
Mallow is a herbaceous plant growing to a height of 2-2.5 m. The bottom of its trunk and rounded leaves are pubescent. In the axils of the leaves are large (5-15 cm) flowers, varying degrees of terry. They come in a wide variety of shades. Mallow blooms from July to September. It differs strongly branched and long roots. Its fruit forms in the form of a multi-seeded box. Stock-rose blooms in the second year after planting. Throughout her life, she will annually delight those around her with lush blooms. In the year of planting the plant directs its strength to the formation of basal rosettes.
Place for planting mallow
Perennial malva poorly taken root after transplantation. This is due to the fact that its powerful root system during this process can be damaged. In this regard, we plant mallow on a permanent place with the expectation that it will grow on it for many years. Malva loves lighted areas. With a lack of sunlight, it does not give a lush bloom. For planting flowers need suburban areas, protected from gusty winds and drafts. If this requirement is not observed, the mallows suffer from the wind. They not only damage the delicate petals of flowers, but can also break high peduncles.
Mallow grows well in beds with loose, light soil. Under it we take away fertile soils, although under the condition of constant fertilizing the flowers successfully develop on depleted soils. The soil on the site must be well drained so that powerful roots do not become blocked. Loamy soils are ideal for stock-rose.
Site preparation for perennial
Before sowing flower seeds in flowerbeds or planting seedlings, we deeply dig up the chosen area. With a shortage of nutrients in the soil we fertilize it by introducing compost or rotted manure. To improve the drainage properties of the soil, we add coarse river sand to it.
Terms of planting mallow perennial dictated by the way of its cultivation. Landing perform the following methods.
Malva is a moisture-loving plant, therefore the soil in which it grows must be kept in a slightly damp state all the time, while avoiding over-wetting the soil. Watering is carried out in such a way that water droplets do not fall on the leaves. Water is used separated, heated in the sun. The best time for watering is early morning or evening after 4 pm
One-year-old mallow in open ground does not need fertilizers, and the stock-growing grown in a biennial or perennial crop is fed twice during the season: after sowing and in the middle of August. As fertilizers, universal complexes for garden flower crops are introduced into the soil. Organic matter in the form of compost or humus is better to use as a mulch layer.
Preparing mallow for winter
After flowering, withered inflorescences are removed, and when the plant begins to turn yellow and wither, its stems are also pruned. A plot with perennial or biennial mallow mulch is composted or humus, consuming 3-4 kg of humus or compost for each m². With the onset of cold weather, the site is covered with straw, dry leaves or spruce branches.
One-year-old mallow after flowering is disposed of, completely cleaning the area from its plant residues.
Diseases that afflict mallow usually develop on the background of increased soil moisture. Most gardeners have to deal with rust, powdery mildew, spotting, stem cancer and mosaic. You can’t cure viral diseases (mosaic) with all your desire, so sick specimens should be removed and burned immediately from the site, and fungal diseases can be managed with the help of Mikosan-B, Phyto-Doctor and Trichodermin preparations leaves and stems. However, if you do not reconsider the irrigation regime, over time your mallows will again be threatened with a fungal disease.
It must be said that the mallow is a very resistant plant. About these usually say: planted and forgotten. And if suddenly your mallows get sick, the reason can be only one thing: poor care.
Of the pests of mallow affect aphids and spider mites. Both are sucking pests that feed on plant sap, but the main harm of aphids and ticks is not even in this, but in the fact that they are carriers of incurable viral diseases.
Aphid affects not only the leaves and shoots, but also the flowers and buds of the mallow: they turn yellow, sticky substance appears on them - pad, or honeydew, which is the product of aphids and a favorable environment for the black fungus that covers the plant. Remove aphid with soapy water, but if this method does not work, you will have to resort to treating the plant with Decis, Iskra, Fitoverma, Antitlin or other insecticides of a similar effect.
Spider mites Malva is occupied in conditions of low humidity: white dots appear on the leaves, which gradually turn yellow, increase, coalesce, and the affected leaves dry and fall. Этих мелких вредителей трудно увидеть, тем более, что они сосредотачиваются на нижней стороне листовой пластины, но при большом количестве клещей на мальве появляется тонкая паутина, которая является доказательством присутствия вредителей. От клещей мальву обрабатывают акарицидными препаратами – Молнией, Вермитеком или Фитовермом.
Medicinal properties of mallow
The chemical composition of mallow is not fully understood, but it is known that it contains vitamins C, B1, A, PP, fatty oils, mucus and polysaccharides (fructose, glucose and sucrose). In terms of its healing qualities, it is similar to Althea. Mallow has the following properties:
Mallow is used to treat colds, bronchitis, laryngitis, stomach pain, spleen tumors, conjunctivitis, burns, ulcers, wounds, skin diseases, hemorrhoids, avitaminosis, cholecystitis, pancreatitis, diseases of the urinary tract.
Broths and infusions of mallow are used for gargling with throat diseases, gingivitis and stomatitis. They relieve inflammation and hoarseness, contribute to the restoration of damaged mucous membranes. Infusion washed eyes with conjunctivitis, and burns, wounds and fluxes are treated with compresses with broth or infusion of mallow. For skin diseases, applications with mallow extract are also used. Mallow tea, which has immunostimulating properties, is an excellent prophylactic against colds. It is also used to relieve pain and inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract.
For spleen tumors, mallow baths are shown.
Mallow tea: 2 teaspoons of crushed leaves or flowers of mallow are poured with a glass of boiling water, infused for 10 minutes, filtered and taken 2-3 cups a day. It is possible to add a little honey to the tea that has already cooled down to 35-40 ºC.
Broth for weight loss: 10 g of crushed dried leaves and mallow flowers mixed with 10 g of borage flowers, pour a glass of boiling water and cook over low heat for 20 minutes. After cooling to room temperature, the broth is filtered and drunk on the attraction of the month.
Planting by sowing seeds (be sure to check them for germination) in open ground is carried out in June. When growing mallow perennial sowing of seeds, the flowering of young plants begins in the second year. When sowing seeds in flower beds you can not make holes. Mallow seeds poured directly on the soil surface. There are different landing patterns for mallow. Their choice depends on the size of the adult plant of each particular variety. So they can be placed at intervals of 40-60 cm. Sprinkle the seeds with a small layer of loose earth. With regular watering mallow shoots appear after 14-18 days.
Planting in the fall
Experienced gardeners successfully grow mallow by autumn sowing seeds. Flower seeds in this case are placed in shallow holes (about 3 cm). The interval between them is left depending on the perennial variety. It can be 40-60 cm. We cover the seeds with loose earth or peat. In the winter we harbor crops with a thick layer of fallen leaves.
When and how to plant
When growing perennial mallow seedlings sowing seeds carried out in March and May. Grown up seedlings are planted in beds in July and August. Very rarely plants grown by seedlings bloom as early as the year of planting. It has long been noted that the earlier the seedlings are grown, the sooner this plant will bloom in a flower bed. When sowing seeds in March for active growth of mallow shoots should provide them with artificial lighting (backlight).
For the cultivation of mallow seedlings, seedling boxes are unsuitable because the roots can be badly damaged when transplanting young flowers from them to a permanent place. Such damage can not only slow down the development of mallow, but also lead to its death. For planting perennial seeds for seedlings, we use fairly large peat cups, since even young specimens of mallow have very large sizes and strong roots.
We fill them with fertile substrate intended for flower plants. We place the seeds right on the surface of the substrate, sprinkle them with a small layer of soil and water them abundantly. For the fastest possible emergence of shoots, the temperature in the room should be maintained at a minimum of 18 degrees. With regular watering and maintaining a stable temperature, germination of mallow seeds takes only 14-18 days. When shoots appear, carefully remove the weakest of them from the pots, leaving the most powerful and healthy specimens for growing.
Some gardeners dive gatherings of perennial mallow when they have 3 true leaves and grow them before planting in open ground indoors or in a greenhouse. Such a procedure is very laborious and does not always succeed, therefore it is better to sow a small amount of seeds in each peat pot and leave them to grow in flower beds the strongest specimens planted later in open soil. Thus, it is possible to prevent growth retardation of young plants, which almost always occurs when transplanting seedlings. Before disembarking on beds, stem-rose seedlings are adapted to the conditions of the open air. To do this, about 10 days before planting in open ground, we take it out daily for a week.
Malva terry varieties can breed by cuttings
Planting our plants in this way ensures the delivery of flowers with the exact characteristics of a particular variety. For planting perennial in spring, we use cuttings cut in the root area of adult plants, and for summer planting we cut stem cuttings. Cutting the cuttings is done only with a very sharp knife, after processing the cut with crushed charcoal and leaving the cuttings for several hours to dry the surface of the wound. Then we plant the cuttings in pots with a nutrient substrate and water them regularly so that the soil is constantly wet. The appearance of new leaves of flowers will indicate the normal rooting of cuttings. Slightly grown up young specimens of perennial mallow are planted in a permanent place. This method of breeding stock-roses is not popular due to the low percentage of rooting of cuttings, so it is used only by very experienced gardeners.
Caring for perennial mallows can even be mastered by a novice summer resident. It includes: regular removal of weeds, watering, loosening the soil. Also to stimulate the growth of plants, especially young, necessarily need feeding.
Watering our flowers should not be too frequent and plentiful. In normal sunny weather, for intensive growth and development of these flowers, 1-2 abundant watering is sufficient per week. If the weather is too dry, we water the mallow after 2 days and more abundant than usual. But even with a strong drought, perennial mallow will not disappear due to the presence of long roots that penetrate into the deep layers of the soil. Especially strongly the stock-rose needs an abundant amount of moisture during the mass blooming of buds. The pomp of its flowering depends on it. The main thing when watering this plant is to prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil.
Caring for mallow necessarily includes feeding with phosphate-potassium fertilizers. Moreover, when introduced into the soil they should be in a small dosage. We apply top dressing for mallow from the beginning of summer with an interval of 18-20 days. The development of organic matter (compost or humus) in the amount of 3 kg / sq. m. Before the appearance on the flowers of buds, we produce plant nutrition with complex mineral fertilizers. The mallow perennial tree responds very well to the mulching of its plantings with peat or compost. This procedure is performed throughout the vegetative period.
Despite the fact that the perennial mallow is a rather large and spreading plant, but with its powerful root system, which is in dire need of air access, the flowers need to be loosened periodically. In the process of loosening the soil, care must be taken not to damage the lower leaves of the flowers and their roots. Damage to the root system can provoke the death of a still weak young plant.
Since the mallow is a fairly high plant, caring for it can include the construction of supports. The flower stalks are tied to them in areas that cannot be protected from drafts and strong winds.
For breeding mallow own seeds from faded plants, collect them in the middle of summer.
These flowers need shelter for the winter. This is especially true for those grown in more northern latitudes. For a normal wintering stock-rose enough cover planting mallow with a thick layer of fallen leaves. For this, and the usual straw. Under such a shelter perennial is not afraid of even severe frosts.
Methods to combat diseases and pests
In the care of these flowers is included and the fight against various diseases that can affect this plant. Perennial malva has mildew and a mosaic of leaves. In order to prevent the defeat of these diseases, it is impossible to plant mallow on those areas where these diseases were previously seen. Stock-rose is sometimes affected by rust, manifested in the form of brown spots on the foliage. Improve the condition of the flower by regularly removing damaged leaf diseases. All plant residues are burned. From the above listed diseases, fungicide preparations will help (Phyto-doctor, Trichodermin, Mikosan-V). To combat rust, a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture is used, which is sprayed with all plants. In the future, on the site of the appearance of rust, the long-standing mallow is not planted for 2-3 years.
Care also consists in combating such pests of flowers as aphid and spider mites, for the control of which we use insecticidal preparations such as Fitoverm, Kinmiks, Fufanon, Bi-58, Lepidotsid.