First of all, you need to choose the right place for planting lilies.
Do not plant this flower in shady places.
Light shade tolerate only some varieties of lilies, but plant them close to the trees is not worth it.
For lilies fit open sunny areas, preferably protected from wind and drafts.
How to prepare the soil
The soil for this flower needs a light, breathable. Lily is very sensitive to waterlogging.
With an excess of moisture, the bulbs will rot, so a place with stagnant water will not work for them.
If on your site heavy soil with high density, you need to make it before planting peat or sand. To increase nutritional value, add humus (10 kg / m). Before digging it is also necessary to make a complex fertilizer (100g / m).
The most favorable time for planting is autumn. Plants at this optimum planting time in the fall - early October.
However, spring planting is possible, and for some varieties is obligatory. It is carried out after the onset of stable heat, when the threat of frost has passed.
Try to catch the moment when dry days have not come, and there is enough moisture in the soil.
The exact time favorable for disembarking is difficult to call, since it depends on the region and specific weather conditions.
Bulb preparation and planting technology
Soil need to dig and remove from it all plant residues. Soil acidity is regulated by wood ash or lime (300 g / m). To place the bulbs, make holes 40 cm in diameter, put a layer of sand or small gravel on the bottom, sprinkle it with soil.
Go through the bulbs, discarding rotten and diseased specimens. Bulbs clean of flowering flakes, process the solution of potassium permanganate.
Planting depth is chosen based on the size of the bulbs. Small plants are planted to a depth of 6-7 cm. Large ones - up to 15 cm. Form a small mound around the bulb, compacting the soil. Ground the surface with peat, sawdust or small needles.
Lily is extremely sensitive to an excess of moisture in the soil, so it should be watered moderately.
At the same time, if the weather is dry and hot, then you need to shed plenty of land with plantings several times during the season.
If you do not. The bulbs do not accumulate enough moisture in the tissues, and subsequently dry out during storage.
Watering lilies strictly under the root, slightly departing from the stem. Moisture on the leaves can cause them to rot. Ideal for this flower would be drip irrigation, because it allows you to adjust the amount of moisture.
Care during flowering
During flowering care for lilies consists of watering in combination with dressings. Water when watering should not fall on the flowers, they can rot from it. If the weather is dry and hot, the amount of moisture increases. At the end of flowering stop watering.
It is important to follow the rules of cutting flowers for a bouquet.
At the end of flowering, all flower stalks are cut, leaving 20 cm stems. Despite the fact that flower stalks sticking out of the ground look unattractive, they should not be completely removed until they die out, as this will disturb the feeding of the bulbs and they will not be able to safely winter.
Lily is quite demanding on nutrition, so fertilizers are applied regularly.
But at the same time it is necessary to strictly observe the dosage of minerals, since their overabundance will have the opposite effect and sprouts will slow down the development.
The number of dressings for the entire growing season is three to four. The first is carried out in early spring, before the formation of shoots. For this purpose, nitrogen fertilizer is used, for example, ammonium nitrate (1 tbsp per square meter). The lily reacts well to the solution of mullein.
In summer, lilies are fertilized with a solution of wood ash, which promotes the formation of large flowers. During the formation of buds need to shed lilies with a solution of ammonium nitrate.
In July, superphosphate is added to the soil to strengthen the stems. This dressing helps to preserve the brightness of flowers.
Pest and disease protection
The most common lily disease is bacterial rot.
It provokes the development of fungus cold and wet soil. On the leaves, spots appear, similar to the stains of yellow color, and peduncles are gradually affected. To protect the plant from this disease will help regulation of irrigation, the elimination of nitrogen from fertilizing.
If bright orange spots appeared on the flower, it means that another disease has appeared - rust.
Rust remains on the bulbs, so they need to be carefully examined before planting and treated with fungicides. When a disease appears on the leaves, it is treated with Bordeaux mixture.
Botrytis (or gray mold) - This is a real destroyer of the flower.
With high humidity and sudden temperature changes, it appears as dark brown spots.
Protect lily help treatment with copper-containing drugs.
Yellowing of the tips of the sprouts speaks of root decay.
This disease requires radical measures - the plant will have to dig, because the rot is formed on the roots of the bulbs, and get to it without it will not succeed.
The dug bulb is cleared of lesions, treated with fungicide. If the roots are strongly affected, it will not be possible to save the bulb.
Not only diseases can cause poor lily development. This flower is also loved by numerous pests: thrips, beetle-beetle, aphid, spider mite, Khrushchev.
Insecticides will help to cope with the majority of them, for example “Inta-vir”. The “Flyer”, “Pochin”, “Medvetoks”, “Grizzly” preparations are also effective in pest control.
Transplantation and reproduction
The optimal time during which lilies grow in one place is 4-5 years.
After that, they need to dig and divide the nest.
If we neglect this process, the nests grow excessively and the lily stops blooming.
When transplanting the bulbs are dug out of the soil, divide the nest into individual bulbs.
This should be done after flowering and dying off of the whole above-ground part of the flower. Onion carefully dug, cut off the remaining stem, pruned roots.
After dividing the nest into separate copies, they are dried in a dry, cool place.
Lilies are planted on a new site at the end of September - beginning of October. If you want to plant them in the same place where they grew earlier, you need to add additional peat, humus and nitrophoska to the soil.
Lily transplantation combined with the process of reproduction. This can be done in three ways:
It is applied to all grades of lilies. Suitable for separation from the mother bulb babies aged 3-4 years.
They are carefully broken off from the main bulb and planted for distillation into the soil.
This method is the most productive, since a large number of flakes suitable for separating flakes form on each bulb and many additional specimens can be obtained at once.
After breaking off the flakes, they are washed in a solution of potassium permanganate and put in a paper bag, peppered with peat. In this state, the scales are stored in a warm room, and after 3-4 weeks they grow onion.
In the soil formed onion planted in the spring, because in the winter they can not survive.
This method is used for Asian lilies. The bullets formed on the stem are separated and planted in the beginning of autumn to a depth of 2-3 cm. Before the emergence of shoots, they should be watered abundantly.
The flowering of lilies from bulbochobes begins in the third year.
Detailed information and advice of experienced gardeners on all methods of reproduction of lilies can be found on our website: Reproduction of lilies.
In winter, bulbs can suffer from frost, especially in a snowless period.
So that they do not freeze, the area with lilies is covered with sawdust, covering nonwoven fabric or lapnik.
The main condition is that the soil under cover is completely dry.
In the spring, this shelter is removed after all the snow has melted. Do not delay with this, as under the shelter lilies begin to germinate and the shoots are deformed.
Lily in the garden photo:
Choosing a site for growing lilies
Choosing a site for growing lilies in the open field, it should be remembered that the flower can grow in one place for 5 years and does not require transplanting. Most plant species like a well-lit area. However, the terrain of the garden should not be blown by the winds. But there are some species that feel better in the shade.
It is important to investigate the site on the groundwater. If they are close to the surface, then the planting of these crops should not be done here, because moisture is needed to flowers, but the excess is harmful. In extreme cases, drainage can be provided.
Soil should be loamy. Heavy soil does not allow the plant to grow. It should be added sand, mineral fertilizers and peat.
In order for lilies to grow successfully, it is necessary to prepare the soil for specific flower varieties. Some prefer acidic soil, others like alkaline, others - neutral. If these requirements are not taken into account, then the death of the plant is possible.
Humus is added to the soil moderately. In case of an increase in the dose, the stems will grow, which will adversely affect the development of the bulb. After that, it will be difficult for her to spend the winter. Typically, peat, needles, sand, and turfy earth are added to the hole. In this case, the plant, in the early years, does not require additional feeding. Before planting, the earth is deeply dug up and the surface is covered with a uniform layer of fertilizer. The soil is leveled before planting.
Features of growing lilies from seed
Growing lilies from seeds, the flowers are the most robust and healthy. Thus, it is easy to enter new hybrids. The disadvantage is that the inflorescences are obtained only after 3 or 4 years.
Formed seeds in special boxes. When fully ripe, if you miss the moment, they open and the seeds fall into the soil. With high soil moisture, seeds germinate easily. To avoid this, you need to collect them in time. Seeds germinate at a temperature of 20-25 degrees. For this they do not need lighting. Sprouts can appear in total darkness. When planting, you need to prepare a container at home, where to pour sandy ground with sand or peat sand.
After the emergence of sprouts, the temperature in the room decreases to 15-20 degrees. At the very beginning of summer, young animals are planted in the prepared soil. It should be borne in mind that with such flowers transplant is not well tolerated.
Preparation of bulbs for planting
For lilies, planting and care in the open field begins with a detailed inspection of the bulbs. All diseased specimens are rejected. They are not subject to planting, so as not to infect healthy material.
Suitable bulbs meet the following conditions:
- Strong roots reach a length of 5 cm.
- The scales covering them should be cream or white. No blotches allowed.
Before planting the bulbs in the ground, they are removed from the scales and placed in potassium permanganate for half an hour. After that, dried in the shade. If in some places there are minor lesions, they can be treated with a solution of Carbofos. They should be planted separately, in a special quarantine area.
Germination of bulbs in containers is allowed in order to root them better in open ground.
Lily planting technology
Lily can be grown in the garden both in spring and autumn. It all depends on the variety. Plant flowers should be as follows:
- Dig holes with a depth equal to two onion diameters. The distance between them is 20 cm.
- At the bottom of the pits fit gravel or expanded clay. This will be a drainage layer.
- The bulb sprouts upwards and the ground around it is rammed.
- After planting, a recess is made on top to place a top dressing there.
Grow flowers need at least 4 years. Transplantation is not allowed.
Lily flower: planting and care in the spring
If the bulbs sit down in the spring, they are not afraid of winter frosts and autumn soaking. At the same time there is a rapid development of the root system. As a rule, planting material is bought in the store. Him there should already be sprouted sprouts. They are harvested at the beginning of spring and kept in a plastic bag filled with peat or sawdust. This package is placed in the refrigerator.
Planting time varies depending on the type of flower. As soon as the snow melts, they begin to plant eastern species. In late March, Tibetan varieties are planted, and in April, terry lilies. When they are planted, places are covered with mulch.
Care of spring seedlings consists of several procedures:
- Regular watering.
- Cleansing the area of weeds.
- Mulching soil. This is required to prevent drying in hot weather and overheating of the root system.
When growing lilies in the spring, care is required in order to protect against pests. For this solution is prepared. Soda, copper sulfate and a spoon of ammonia are added to a heated liter of water. The whole mixture is diluted in 9 liters of water. The resulting drug is sprayed young.
Planting and care for lilies in autumn
Growing lilies in the fall has the advantage that the heat is over, the earth is saturated with moisture, and only rodents are a danger. The autumn period for the bulbs is a resting phase. Therefore, the landing period is not very strict and it can be shifted. At this time, the roots are better preserved and not easily fall away.
2-3 weeks before planting the bulbs, they prepare the soil, saturating it with useful substances. When planting varieties of Asiatic lilies, on top of the bulbs are peppered with peat or sawdust, which leads to an increase in soil acidity. Snow white flower sprinkle with humus, which reduces the acidity of the soil.
Autumn care is not difficult. In the case of a dry autumn, the plants need watering. At the same time of the year, bushes are planted, which grow in one place for more than 4 or 5 years. Long growth causes their strong thickening. But, immediately after flowering bulbs can not dig, you need to give them time to ripen in order to preserve the roots. Digging is carried out with forks.
Before planting, the bulbs are separated with a knife from the common tuber. Then they are soaked in potassium permanganate, roots are shortened to 10 cm and planted in the prepared soil.
Rules for the care of lilies in growing
For flowers to please their hosts for a long time, you need to follow the necessary rules for caring for them:
- Watering is done in a certain way. In summer, moisture is needed during the drought period. In the autumn and winter periods, in the absence of snow in winter and a small amount of rain in the autumn. Bulbs do not like a lot of moisture. They accumulate it enough for springtime.
- During cultivation, you need to regularly loosen the ground and remove weeds.
- When cutting flowers, it is desirable to leave foliage on the branches. In this case, the bushes better winter.
- When planting bulbs in the spring, should not give growth to flowers. They need to be removed, because the plant is still weak. Only in the second year it will get stronger and give beautiful flowers.
- After 4-5 years, the flowers begin to grow shallow. Lily bush should be dug, split the bulbs and salted again.
- If peduncles reach a great height, supports are made for them and branches are tied to them.
- The dried-up trunk with leaves is cut off, only a stump is left. Since the autumn and clean it, carefully digging.
Preparing for the winter
Preparing for wintering in the open field after the end of flowering, is to reduce watering and reduce dressings. Bushes need elements - potassium and phosphorus. All seed boxes are cut and the stems are removed.
Those bulbs that bloom in autumn are dug up and stored until planting in the spring. Varieties that bloom early leave in the ground, providing them with good shelter.
A beginner grower may encounter some difficulties:
- If the flowers hibernate badly, then, most likely, these are oriental species. They love a lot of moisture in the summer and little in the winter. Such species need to be well covered, protecting them from autumn moisture.
- Wilting leaves. The reason is an excess of moisture in the soil. Excessive fluid stagnation leads to decay of the root system.
- Fade leaves will be in case of overheating of the soil. Urgently, on the sides should plant other plants to reflect the sun's rays. You can put straw or sawdust, as well as material reflecting light.
Of the pests, the danger is represented by linear beetles. They can be collected by hand or sprayed with chemicals. At first, this will affect the colors, but they will quickly recover.
It can be said that grooming lily bushes in the open field is not particularly difficult. The main thing is to plant a certain variety on time and provide the necessary level of care. Only in this position the flowers will bloom in all its glory.
Cultivation of lilies in open ground
These flowers are quite demanding. Therefore, if you want to grow them in your dacha flower garden, in the garden near the house, then be patient and knowledge.
But in general, and for beginners, gorgeous flowering plants grow. Checked on yourself. At the same time, I repeat, the quality planting material is very important.
I bought lilies in the local nursery, where the plants are acclimatized, ideally suited to the landing site (admin note).
How to choose bulbs
Do not chase the bright bags and marketing promises. Лучше посетить фирменный магазин регионального питомника, выставку ярмарку селекционеров.
Мелкие луковички до 7 см лучше не брать, когда хочется увидеть быстрое цветение. If you buy in spring (April May) with roots, then the roots should be elastic and 5 cm in length. And after forcing, the material is not considered quality, such bulbs are taken, if you really need a variety.
If you buy lilies out of season, then store them correctly. Place moss, peat, or wet sawdust in the bag, wrap it and send it to the side shelf in the fridge. Hole the bag so that there is ventilation.
Before planting, if the scales have dried, then wrap for a couple of hours in a clean cloth dipped in a solution of a weak (pink) solution of potassium permanganate.
Choosing a place to grow
Flowers do not tolerate drafts and swampy soil, but they require fresh air and good watering.
Separately, you need to say for the lighting.
The intensity of sunlight for each species is individual. Consider varietal features. We have an article for you - what are the lilies: varieties with photos.
Some types of flowers like well-lit places or small penumbra. Others prefer very sunny places and, as it were, are gaining strength in the flower from the sun. And there are those who enjoy dark places and indirect sunlight.
Growing lilies in the country is better in groups of varieties, which will make the flowerbed even more beautiful, will ensure the correct, individual care. Positive impressions and delight are provided both to you and guests, neighbors.
Before planting lilies, it is necessary to prepare the soil very responsibly and carefully select the site.
Sandy, dry and clayey land is not suitable for them. Flowers prefer a slightly acidic soil, but it can also vary depending on the variety.
If you plant lilies from a bulb in the garden, you will need very well-drained soil. Since these plants do not tolerate stagnant water for a long time, they quickly begin to rot and decompose from the excess moisture in the root system.
Lift the bed of the flower bed, make an additional mound, arrange and make a small bias from the edge of the flower bed so that in the rainy season and after watering the excess water can escape.
In addition, you should not choose a place near trees or shrubs, because often the soil around them is overdried.
It is better to fertilize the site with vegetable humus, humus (it is very good to use peat mixture).
Check if there are no moles and mice in the proposed flower garden.
It is important that young growing bulbs are isolated from the movement of animals to prevent possible damage before they have a chance to grow to their full height.
Planting lilies in the spring and autumn in the ground
It is necessary to make a drainage - to dig up the earth to a depth of 30 cm. The soil should be loose, especially the one with which you will cover the hole.
The depth of planting lily bulbs is about 15 - 17 cm (height of 3 onion heads). The distance between them makes from 15 cm for undersized, and for medium and large, abundantly blooming from 22 to 35 centimeters
In the hole you can put the old, well-rotted manure and sand, then the hole is shed with water (it can be warm), when the water is completely gone, put the bulbs sprinkled with ash from charcoal and fall asleep with peat and loose (sifted mixture of fertile land).
With deep planting like ours, the flower will bloom later, but will give more babies. Consider grade recommendations.
Then moisten the landing site (lightly watered from a watering can), in no case do not fill it with water.
The distance between them is made from 15 cm for undersized, and for medium and large, blooming profusely from 20 to 35 centimeters.
What time when it is better to plant lilies
Planting in the spring (in May for central Russia) is the best period for breeding and creating a flower bed with these magnificent flowers. But it all depends on the type of plant.
So, for example, the best time for transplanting lilies "Candidum" is considered July - August. A transplant of an Asian variety is possible even during its flowering period.
In general, we must remember that transplantation is carried out no more than once every 3-5 years.
Before this, it is necessary to cut the stem of the flower almost to the ground, then carefully dig it up, rinse it in cool water. Cut the onion into 2 parts and place it for 30 minutes in a weak solution of potassium permanganate (fungicide or karbofos), and then immediately land in the prepared soil. Do not change the place of the flower garden too often.
Features of the autumn planting
If you decide to plant lilies with bulbs in the fall, then the best time for this is September. The latest time for planting planting material - no later than mid-October. Limiting the time of planting is provided for the bulbs to have enough time to root before the onset of cold weather.
Caring for lilies in the garden
It is easier to care for these magnificent flowers than the preparation for planting.
- It is important to water properly.
They are watered in the morning or afternoon (but not in the sun), moderately, especially in summer. At the time when they bloom, they require less water than during the development of the stem with foliage and ovaries of buds.
Fertilizers in spring are especially important before the appearance of sprouts, the first shoots and during the growth of buds.
Use 1 scoop of ammonium nitrate per 1 square meter of loose soil. Also in the spring they fertilize lilies with the help of “Nitroammofoski”, from diluted old manure. Sprinkle the place around the flowers with ash, or better. Will you and feeding, and pest control.
In the summer, double superphosphate and potassium magnesia are used as fertilizer. Repeat watering with water and ash.
In the autumn feed the solution of phosphate fertilizers. For treatment, prevention of pests apply phytosporin.
- Weed and pest control.
You can apply a thin layer of mulch to reduce the growth of weeds and pests that attack the garden, which can be seen as bulbs as a treat.
Periodically you need to weed the earth around the plants, but very carefully, so as not to damage.
- How to care for lilies in spring
in the garden comes down to the fact that:
it is necessary to clear the ground cover from foliage, grass, covering material. Then the soil is loosened carefully, fertilized. When the shoots hatch, then they are watered with organic, nitrogenous fertilizers or add nitroamofosku. Then again it is easy to loosen and spud to a small height.
Top-dressing is usually done a couple of times, when shoots have not yet formed. During the budding of the buds, when watering or just in bulk, they add charcoal ash. Plus as a feed you can use phosphate and potash fertilizers.
It is important to carry out preventive measures for the healthy growth and flowering of plants.
When the lily blooms for the first year, it is recommended to partially or completely remove the flowering inflorescences so that the tubers gain strength for the full flowering in subsequent seasons. Withered buds need to be cut at all times.
- All varieties tolerate cold well, but it is still necessary to prepare them for the winter season.
To do this, insulate the soil with chopped dry leaves with grass and ash. Good to use as mulch and shelter sawdust. You can also cover with a film so that the tubers do not flood with moisture during the rains and the convergence of snow.
How to propagate garden lilies
Very many people are concerned about the issue of reproduction of these flowers in the country.
There are many ways:
- dividing the onions,
- seminal way
- dividing bulb scales,
- stem cuttings
- and some varieties multiply even leaf cuttings.
Seed making the most simple.
In early spring we plant seeds, both for seedlings at home, and under a protective film (greenhouse). Then it is necessary to carefully thin out the shoots, this will prevent damage to the roots from the accumulated moisture in a dense planting. At the same time, add loose soil to the weeding places and fertilize the remaining flowers.
Shoots can be separated and used for plant reproduction. If the lilies are already three years old, then you can calmly seat them in August and early September by division.
But bulb division is most often used.
After 3 years of growth of the main flower, the shoots are separated from it, with newly formed bulbs, planted with scales or whole bulbs in the prepared soil.
The flowerbed, in which wonderful lily flowers grow, is distinguished by its beauty and exoticism. Therefore, be sure to grow them in the country, in your front garden making an even more beautiful design of the porch of a private house!
Varieties of lilies: photo
- The best time to transplant lilies: autumn, summer or spring?
- Lilies bloomed: a step-by-step instruction of the gardener
- Dicentra - “weeping hearts”: cultivation, care and reproduction in open ground
- Freesia - guest from Versailles: planting and care in the open field
Beautiful, noble flowers, magnificent on the site and in the bouquet. I have several varieties of lilies of different shapes and colors. Totally unpretentious flower. The most important requirement for lilies is a sunny place. In the shade they grow, but the bush is low, and the flowers on it are small and not as bright as in the sun.
In order not to dry out, the lower part of the plant can be shaded, i.e. plant a stunted plant. I have a good agetum cope with this case. I also want to give advice to fans of these plants. Now, in this case, fraudsters exist. So, blue lilies and lily-trees - does not exist!
And if the lily is accidentally mowed, will it not bloom this year? Last year has bloomed very beautiful? Or maybe it can still be something to help? Tell me please.
help can be a fence to prevent accidental mowing.
Lily varieties with photos and titles
White lily - this type includes more than thirty varieties. They have white flowers that smell good. The diameter of the flowers is 10 cm, and the length is 12 cm. The stems can grow up to two meters. Lilies with white flowers are very capricious, they easily fall ill and do not tolerate frost.
Lily long-flowered - this species has flowers of elongated shape, which are directed to the side or down. They are distinguished by a strong aromatic smell. The length of the flowers varies from 13 cm to 18 cm. The height of the stems reaches more than a meter, but there are dwarf varieties that grow to 40 cm. This group of lilies are not winter-hardy and are grown in greenhouse conditions.
Lanceoliferous lily - view with bright orange flowers with long petals that bend backwards. Their surface is dotted with dark purple dots, and stamens with red anthers emerge from the center. The stem is strong, dark purple and grows up to two meters.
Lily Kinky - a group that includes more than 200 varieties. Inflorescences resemble a lamp with three lowered horns. At the ends grow small flowers with a diameter of 5 cm with petals bent back. The stem grows to 1.5 meters. Plants of this group are unpretentious and winter-hardy. They are grown in shaded places.
Lukovitsenosnaya lily - Eastern perennial variety. Stem hard, ribbed grows to 120 cm. This variety has orange flowers cupped and with a pleasant smell. They are small in size, brushed upward.
This plant reaches a height of 50 cm to 2.5 meters. It has elongated, tubular flowers of white-pink shade with a yellow center. They have a strong and pleasant smell. The diameter of the open bud is 15 cm. Bloom 2-3 weeks, starting in the second half of July.
Philadelphia Lily - grown in eastern North America. The plant grows to 60 cm. It has inflorescences of five orange-red star-shaped flowers. Closer to the base, the petal turns yellow with brown patches. Opened buds reach a diameter of 6 cm.
Canadian Lily American hybrid that reaches 1.5 meters in height. It has inflorescences of twelve yellow flowers with brown spots. They have the form of lowered bells. The diameter of the flowers is 10 cm. It loves drained loamy soils. It tolerates frosts of the middle band.
Lily is gorgeous - The plant reaches two meters in height. It has inflorescences with three yellow-orange flowers with a diameter of 6 cm. There are varieties with orange and red buds. They are kalma-shaped and omitted. The inner part of the petals is dotted with purple spots.
Red lily - a perennial variety growing to one meter. It has umbrella inflorescences of 5-10 flowers. They are directed upwards or to the side. The shape of flowers is tubular. At the beginning of flowering, the buds have a white color, and after maturation, they acquire a dark purple color. They look nice and smell nice.
This plant is grown in western North America. The stem reaches 1.5 meters in height. Umbrella inflorescences of seven flowers with a diameter of 4 cm. They are funnel-shaped and down. Petals are dark red with brown dots at the base. It grows well in the floor shaded areas of the garden in loamy soil.
Lily of washington - American variety that grows up to 120 cm. It has inflorescences with 12 tubular flowers with a diameter of 8 cm. Petals are painted white with brownish spots at the base. After maturation, the flower becomes purple. Grown in partial shade on dry loamy soils.
Leopard lily - very beautiful and popular variety in North America. The stems of the plant grow to 1.5 meters. It has inflorescences with three low-shaped flowers with a diameter of 15 cm in diameter. The petals are painted pink, and the base is yellow with brown spots. Loves sunny places and loamy soils with peat.
Primorye Lily - American hybrid growing in swampy and meadow locations in southwest North America. The plant reaches 50 cm in height. It has inflorescences of five flowers of bell-shaped form and 5 cm in diameter. Petals are painted in red-orange color with brown spots at the base. This variety is difficult to grow at home in the middle lane.
Rare in the garden variety from Nepal and India, reaching 60 cm in height. The plant has inflorescences of two flowers of the turbid form with a diameter of 10 cm. The tips of the petals are colored yellow-green, and a purple shade appears closer to the base. This variety does not tolerate cold winters, so it is grown in greenhouses or at home.
Lilia Kellogg - American hybrid variety growing in western North America. It reaches a height of 60 cm. It has inflorescences of four downed flowers of a straw-like form and a diameter of 5 cm. Petals are painted in a light pink color with brown specks. From the center grow large red-orange anthers.
Michigan Lily - American hybrid growing in the meadows of North America. Reaches a height of 80 cm. It has several inflorescences consisting of four lowered flowers of a stalk-shaped form and 4 cm in diameter. They are painted in orange-red color, and the surface of the petals is dotted with dark spots. Grown in sunny areas in loamy soils.
Colombian Lily - a variety popular in North America. The plant grows to a meter. It has ten vertical colors bell shaped and 18 cm in diameter. They are painted white. A yellow line runs along the petals. They exude a pleasant delicate smell. Cultivate the variety in fertile soils on a sunny plot.
Lily pompom - variety belongs to the group of white varieties. But the flowers of the plant are not white, but yellow-red. Petals are dotted with dark spots. The inflorescence consists of six droppings of a turbid-shaped form with a diameter of 6 cm. The plant reaches a height of 60 cm. It is grown in sunny areas in stony soils with moderate acidity.
A variety belonging to American hybrids. Reaches a height of up to 70 cm. It has inflorescences of fifteen downed flowers with a stalk-shaped form and a diameter of 7 cm. The main color of the petals is yellow, but the surface is dotted with large spots of purple color. The variety loves to grow in loamy soils with lime added.
Rhodope Lily - perennial culture, which came from Bulgaria. The plant reaches 80 cm in height. It has inflorescences of three lowered flowers bell-shaped form and a diameter of 12 cm. Painted in a light yellow color without spots. It blooms in early July. The smell is pleasant and strong.
Lily parry - A variety of American hybrid growing on the slopes of mountains and floodplains in North America. The plant stems grow to 80 cm. It has inflorescences of three horizontal and drooping bell-shaped flowers with a diameter of 10 cm. It is painted in a light yellow color. The base of the petals is dotted with small brown spots. It is grown in wet soils on a sunny plot.
Lilies planting and care in the open field
A suitable month for planting lilies is September. At this time, the bulbs are at rest. Choose planting material healthy and tight. The landing site may be open or semi-shaded.
Before planting the bulbs in the ground, clean them of dry scales and shorten the roots to 5 cm. Then dip into a weak solution of potassium permanganate - 0.2% for 20 minutes. This will help protect the tubers from various diseases.
After preparation, make a linear hole. The depth of the hole should be three times the size of the bulbs - about 15-20 cm. At the bottom of the pit, pour sand and lower the bulbs, straightening the roots to the side. Sprinkle with earth and lightly tamp on top.
Tulips are also representatives of the family Lily. Grown when planting and care in the open field without much hassle, subject to the rules of agricultural engineering. Все необходимые рекомендации Вы сможете найти в этой статье.
После посадки лилию нужно хорошо полить. Влага нужна растению весь вегетационный период. Но старайтесь не переувлажнить грунт, потому что от сырости загниют корни. В жаркое время давайте растению влагу регулярно. Подходящее время для полива – это утро или полдень.
Созревшим сортам лейте воду под корень. After moistening, loosen the topsoil over the root system. During flowering, reduce watering to once a week.
Soil for lily
The flower likes a loose and nourishing soil. The acidity of the soil should be weak or neutral.
To make the acidic soil suitable, add lime to it. In the heavy clay soil must be mixed with humus and sand.
Fertilizers for lilies
After planting the bulbs need to feed. To do this, ash, peat or granular fertilizer. Pour into the hole and pour. Spend the following additional feeding in early spring before the sprouting of the shoots, when the snow has not yet descended. Use any complex fertilizer by stirring 30 g per square meter in water.
For the year you have to feed the lily twice: in spring and autumn. Additional soil fertilization is required when the plant starts to bloom. During the formation of buds, feed with a solution of nitrophoska, and after the end of flowering, water with a solution of superphosphate.
In the middle lane of the lily bloom in early July, and in the southern regions a month earlier. Finish flowering in October. After planting the bulbs, you will see the first flowers in a year, but it is better to remove them in order to give the bulbs strength.
In the second year there will be large flowers. Lilies grown from flakes begin to bloom profusely three years after planting in open ground.
How to collect lily seeds
The flower forms seed pods, which, after ripening, open and discard the seeds. It is necessary to prevent this and break the boxes before opening.
Wait until they dry and turn brown. Collected seeds, put in the fridge. In this state, they can be stored for up to three years.
You can repot bulbs every four years. Do this at the end of August or in September after the inflorescence of the inflorescences.
Carefully cut the stem to the neck of the root. Dig a bulb, trying not to catch the roots. If it consists of several bulbs, separate them. Each place in the right place for you.
In order to get plenty of flowering next year, you need to properly trim the plant. This is done after flowering, when seed boxes form.
Immediately you can not cut the stems or foliage. The leaves themselves will disappear, and the stalks continue to participate in photosynthesis, helping the bulbs to gain strength and useful substances. Remove only seed pods. Remove the stems after the final withering.
You also need to pull out the early buds that are trying to form in a few months after planting. This is done so that the bulb does not spend the substances on their cultivation, but strengthened by the next year.
Lilies in winter
Many varieties are frost-resistant and tolerate well the winter period of middle latitudes. But they still need to cover to provide a more comfortable wintering conditions.
To do this, you will need dry foliage and any rag materials. Cover the bulbs with a foliage of ten centimeters. Cover the top with a cloth and press down with boards so that it does not fly away due to the wind.
Take cover in early spring when there is still snow on the ground. It will not damage the onions, but will accelerate the germination of the shoots. If you remove the insulation late, the lily will give weak shoots.
How to keep lilies in winter
But if you have very cold winters or varieties that do not like cold at all (Candidum, royal lily), then you need to dig them up and keep them in a place with fresh air, moderately humid, but also moderately dry, the storage temperature should be cool, but not below zero.
Before storage, remove the substrate from the bulbs and dry. Peat is poured into the storage tank, and the bulbs are on top of it, then covered again with peat. So balls fill the container at 2/3.
Still, as an option, the bulbs are put in a bag of raw peat. The package is tied up so that air remains, and put in a dark warm place. Children should appear in a couple of months. After their formation, the bulbs are planted in peat pots, so that the top of the scales is above the peat.
Further, almost before planting, lilies are kept in the basement, but make sure that the temperature in it does not fall too low. 15 days before planting, the pots are brought into the room and begin to water.
Lilies growing from seed
Reproduction of lilies by seeds is a long way, but with it you will be able to grow a large number of flowers. Seedlings collected in the fall after drying boxes. Planted them for seedlings in February or March.
Seed soaked for 15 hours in a solution of zinc sulphate. Then planted in containers with cooked soil. The composition of the soil mixture includes garden soil, humus, sand and peat.
Planted seeds to a depth of 0.5 cm. Then cover with a film and transfer the box to a dark place with a temperature of +20 ° C to + 25 ° C. When the seeds germinate, shelter is removed and put seedlings in the sun. During this period, you need to monitor the moderate soil moisture.
After the leaves appear, each seedling is transplanted into separate pots. In late May or early June, seedlings will be ready for transplanting into open ground.
Reproduction of lilies scales
This method is suitable for all varieties. From one maternal bulb it will turn out to grow up to hundred new lilies. As a donor you can use purchased and own tubers. It is recommended to take breeding scales at the end of August.
Dug the bulb well washed. Separate healthy scales from it. Then they are soaked for thirty minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate - 0.3 g per liter of water. Dried and placed in a package with sawdust.
Keep the scales warm at room temperature. After a month and a half, onion scales will appear on the scales. After that, place the bag in the fridge for two months to stratify.
When the allotted time is over, the onions are separated and transplanted into nutritious and loose soil. After the emergence of shoots boxes expose the sun. Grown up seedlings are transferred to open ground in May or June.
Bully reproduction lilies
The method of breeding with bulbs is also quite good, but there is a minus, which is that not all types of lilies form them. The most common bulbs appear in Asian hybrids.
At the end of flowering bulbs can be collected, because at this time they are the easiest to separate. The material is wrapped in a ribbon and put in the fridge. After 15 days, they will begin to appear roots. As soon as this happens, plant the bulbs immediately in open ground. The depth of landing is two or three centimeters.
Reproduction of lilies cuttings
Propagation by cuttings is used mainly for important varieties. It is best to take cuttings before the formation of buds. The shoot is divided into parts about 8 cm tall and simply planted in open soil.
Deepen the stem to the top of the leaves, placed at an angle. Cuttings need to constantly water. A leaf stalk is a leaf with a part of the stem that is cut before flowering begins.
It is planted in a container with light ground and covered with a film. Sometimes moderate watering is done. After 20-30 days rooting will take place and the plant can be planted on the street.
Diseases and pests of lilies
Gray rot (botrytis) - appears as brown spots that become grayish. First, the disease covers the stems and leaves, and then the flower. The cause of botrytis is the dampness of the soil and sudden changes in temperature. To defeat this fungus, treat the plants with a fungicide solution.
Fusarium - flexible, hitting the bulb. Externally, it is difficult to recognize the presence of the disease. The development and flowering of the fungus does not interfere, but in the winter the affected bulb dies. The cause of fusarium is dampness and fertilizing, infected with spores. To cope with the fungus, dig an onion, soak it in a foundation solution and treat the soil with copper sulphate.
- If autumn is too rainy in your area, then the eastern type of lilies will not tolerate wintering. In the rain, they need to cover with oilcloth and remove it only when it becomes dry.
- There are a couple of reasons for a fast wilt of flowers. - The first is a low area, because of what the lilies will experience an excess of moisture. The second is overheating of the soil. To avoid this, the plot must be mulched.
- Do not fertilize lilies with manure and organic matter in general.. Such dressings have a bad effect on plants and they become prone to disease.
- It also sometimes happens that the flowers of lilies become smaller. - this may serve several reasons. Perhaps they should be seated if they have been living in the same place for more than 4-5 years. It is also possible lack of feeding.
- If the lilies are planted too close to one another, their flowers will also be small. In addition, pay attention to the bulbs, because between them and the flowers are a direct link: a small onion means a small flower.
Spider mite - small parasites of red color. They feed on plant sap. After their appearance, the leaves curl into a tube and dry. Defeating the pest will help the soap solution, which need to spray the entire plant. If it does not help, buy special chemicals for ticks.
Lily beetle - red pest that belongs to leaf beetles. It is easy to see on a green plant. The beetle eats the leaves, leaving only the stem. Protect flowers from the pest will, if you regularly inspect the foliage and remove the beetle.
Medicinal properties of lilies
White lily has beneficial substances such as flavonoids, saponins, proteins, alkaloids, vitamin C, iron, boron, sugar, mucous membranes and tannins. For the preparation of drugs using flowers, leaves, roots, bulbs, stems, shoots and pollen.
The plant successfully helps to cope with burns, wounds, colds, bronchitis, rheumatism, impaired vision. Lily-based drugs facilitate the course of cancer and tuberculosis.
Tincture of white lily
Tincture from cancer: grind four grated onions, fill them with two glasses of alcohol with a strength of 96% and put the tincture in the refrigerator for 14 days. Take the medicine in the morning and at lunch for two tablespoons.
Tincture from arthritis: Take any bottle, fill it up to half with fresh petals of flowers and fill it with alcohol or vodka 5 cm above. Infuse the medicine in the fridge for six weeks. Tincture need to be rubbed with a cotton swab into a sore spot several times a day.
Purchase and storage of lily bulbs
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What is the first thing you need to pay attention to when buying bulbs? On the general condition of the seedling. It should be large, fleshy, healthy, and scales should not be over dried.
Before planting the bulbs in the flowerbed, they must be stored in a package and in a dark, cool place. To do this, suitable basement or bottom drawer of the refrigerator. Planting material should be checked occasionally. If the seedling began to germinate, then prune it a little to the growth of the stem. This action will help avoid sprout deformation. If a lily sapling is bought in the fall, then remember that later it will be possible to plant the plant in the middle of October.
Place for planting lilies
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Place for planting lilies, namely Asian, Eastern and Eastern hybrids is better to choose on a sunny site with protection from the wind. Curly lily saplings perceive penumbra. They like it when the lower part is in the shade and the upper part is in the sun. To achieve this, other plants are planted near the lilies, which shade the surface of the earth:
A lily flower garden is best planted in groups of up to 7 pieces among other perennials. After the flowers bloom, faded buds break off. So they will not spoil the look of the flower garden.
The main thing for lilies is not to choose a place in the lowlands, so that there is no stagnation of water. Since in this case the plants will often hurt.
Tip! An ideal place for planting lilies is an elevated area.
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Lilies love soft drained soil. Therefore, before planting seedlings, the ground should be digged up to 30-40 cm deep. If the soil is clay, in this case, when digging, sand of 1 kg per square meter is applied. To uchuchshit sandy soil add peat. Also to improve fertility make manure or compost, one or two buckets per square meter is enough. Before planting perennial plants, you can make phosphate-potassium fertilizer (about 100 grams per square meter). If you fertilize flowers correctly, then they will not need additional dressings for up to 3 years.
Lilies feel bad in the soil acidic reaction. If necessary, the land is limestone. To reduce the soil to slightly alkaline or slightly acidic, you can make chalk or wood ash, an average of 200 grams per square meter.
Lily planting time
Most species of lily seedlings are planted or transplanted in late August and early September after flowering. Or, if the bulbs were purchased in the spring, in early May. Some species such as Asiatic lilies can be transplanted even in summer. But this can be done on condition that saplings dig up a lump of earth. Lily-flowering lilies, such as Oriental and Henry, are best planted in the spring, since in the fall they continue to form bulbs.
To prevent planting thickening, they are transplanted and divided:
- Asian - in 3-4 years,
Curly and American - in 5-7 years.
- Tubular and Oriental - in 4-5 years,
Planting lily bulbs
Before planting lilies in the ground, they must be soaked for 30 minutes in a solution of potassium permanganate. It is necessary to dilute 5 grams of the substance in 10 liters of water. Since the scales and roots dry quickly, the bulbs do not need to be dried.
The depth of planting depends on the diameter of the bulb. For large bulbs, dig holes up to 20 cm deep, for small ones - up to 10 cm. Lay a layer of sand at the bottom of the hole. Straighten the roots of the plant and place it on a sandy pillow, then cover the hole with earth. The indentations between the seedlings should be 25-35 cm. For the winter, planted lilies are best covered with something. For example, dry leaves or spruce branches. In the spring shelter is not necessary, it is removed.
Watch the video! Tips for growing lilies from an experienced gardener
Lily is not very whimsical in the care. During the flowering phase, they should be watered moderately. In the heat, when there is little moisture in the soil, then you need to water the plant abundantly. After the lilies ottsvetut, you can water less often or completely stop watering.
At the end of the flowering season, the plant must be pruned. It is necessary to leave a large part of the stem in order to stimulate the further development of the seedling. Cutting the bulbs at a height of 10-20 cm is best done diagonally, so that no extra water gets inside.
Shortly before wintering, landings with peat should be mulched.
Important! Before the shelter of plants should pay attention to the land was dry. As if the soil is wet, rotting can go.
For shelter, you can use sawdust, film, dry leaves, spruce branches.
Lilies, like other bulbous flowers, are very sensitive to the application of mineral fertilizers. Experienced gardeners recommend buying granular fertilizers. They are specially created for bulbous plants. But you need to pay attention to what fertilizers are bought. There are autumn ones that do not contain nitrogen and spring ones that contain nitrogen. The location of flowers should be fertilized with minerals 2 times a year: in the middle of autumn and in spring, when the first sprouts appear.
Organic fertilizer bulbs do not tolerate well. Since they can contribute to the emergence and spread of various fungal diseases. To protect the plant from pests, it is necessary to make wood ash. For the prevention of diseases, up to 3 times a year, spraying with a solution of 1% Bordeaux liquid should be carried out.
Secrets of growing lilies
- Lilies love the penumbra. Ideally, the upper part is in the sun, and the lower part is in the shade. Near them you can plant stunted plants that will shade the "legs" of the flower. Then it will not dry up,
- Asiatic lilies do not like to make lime in the soil. You should also remember that they need to be transplanted 2 times a year,
- Oriental lily bulbs should not be dry when disembarking.
The most popular and easiest way to reproduce lilies - is the division of the bulbs during transplantation. This must be done if the plant is several years old. Since the thickening of the flowers become smaller in size. If we divide the bulbs in time, they will bloom next year. Some may form small onions. They are on the stem a little higher than the main bulb. It is necessary to carefully separate the bulb from the stem and plant separately for rearing. Such seedlings will begin to bloom only in the second or third year.
There are types of lilies that form the bulb. This stem bulb, which are located on the stem of the plant. Such bulbs are harvested at the end of summer, when they become dry and can fall off of their own. The bulbs already have roots and they can already be shallowly planted 3-4 cm in the ground. For winter, these seedlings need to be covered with leaves. Such bulbs will blossom in 2-3 years.
Lilies can still breed scales. This is the most difficult way to grow flowers. Chushui easily separated. It should handle the place of rupture of scales. Для этого понадобится древесная зола или марганцовка. Чешуи высаживают в землю, втыкая их через 5-6 см в песчаную подушку, насыпанную на дно неглубокой траншейки. Такие саженцы необходимо высаживать весной. Осенью из них уже получатся полноценные луковички.
Нет никаких ограничений по высадке лилий, так как нет особых сложностей по выращиванию и уходу за растениями. Even people with allergies can admire this flower. The main thing to choose varieties without smell. And as the lilies are not whimsical, the cultivation of flowers does not take much time and effort.
Watch the video! Lily cultivation - planting and gardening