Tree hydrangea often decorates gardens and parks, squares and alleys. Sort "Annabel" love growers for a neat compact shrub, ease of growing and snow-white hat flowers.
Features varieties hydrangea "Annabel"
The hydrangea tree "Annabel" - a small neat bush height of not more than one and a half meters, the width of the crown to three meters. The bush is covered with large, up to 20 cm long, oval leaves, rich green in color, with a pointed tip. The leaves retain the brightness of the color until the first frost.
At the end of June, Annabelle blooms and stands, decorated with white, until September. The flowers are small, up to 2 cm in diameter, but due to the dense inflorescence they look like a single white ball. “Annabel” is a decorative variety that is resistant to cold climatic conditions and is not capricious in care; the bush will live in one place and retain the decorative appearance for about fifty years.
In the description of the hydrangea tree "Annabel" the most interesting is its ability to absorb dyes from the soil and take the desired color of colors. If you bring in preparations with aluminum, the flowers of the plant will turn blue. If you want pink, aluminum from the soil must be removed. This can be done with phosphate fertilizers or dolomite flour.
Hydrangea tree "Strong Annabel" - one of the variations "Annabel" - a bush with a height of one and a half meters. Planting and leaving this subspecies is not different from Annabel, it also tolerates frosts, is resistant to diseases. Flowering in this subspecies is much more magnificent and more abundant. When "Strong Annabel" blooms, under the balls of flowers almost no foliage is visible. A bush blooms from the beginning of the summer months to the beginning of autumn.
Tree hydrangea "Pink Annabel" is different pink inflorescences. The height of the bush a little more than a meter, strong stems are erect and do not bend down to the ground. The bush blooms in July and blooms until late autumn. The variety is winter hardy, resistant to diseases and unpretentious in care.
How to choose a place for landing "Annabel"
For hydrangea "Annabel" correctly selected at planting site will greatly facilitate the cultivation and care. First of all, the site should have shelter from drafts. Consider that the hydrangea does not like to be in the shade for a long time, but it does not tolerate a strong sun - light penumbra would be the best option.
Selection of soil for growing shrubs
Hydrangea tree "Annabel" well developed on drained, acidic and nutritious soils.
It is preferable for her to retain moisture loams. Since the plant does not like transplanting, the place should be immediately selected taking into account all the requirements of the species. A landing pit for a sapling is prepared for a week, in order to enable the soil to compose and be filled with oxygen. Fertilizers at the bottom of the pit should be evenly dispersed along the bottom and have time to dissolve.
The main stages of planting hydrangea varieties "Annabel"
How to grow hydrangea "Annabel": the first condition - the correct fit. Before the procedure, the seedling is soaked in a warm, slightly pink solution of potassium permanganate. A hole is made half a meter deep, if you plant several bushes, leave a distance of one and a half to two meters between them. In the case of poor soils, a mixture of leafy soil, peat, sand and humus is applied in equal parts to the well, adding complex mineral fertilizers.
At the bottom of the hole, pour a hill of prepared substrate, lay a seedling and straighten the root system. Pour the soil, leaving the root neck at ground level, slightly tamp.
After planting, water the hydrangea and grumble the tree trunk.
When growing hydrangeas in the Urals, after planting, it is advisable to do something like a greenhouse-like overhang to protect the fragile seedling from a possible cooling.
Features feeding and care for the soil
In the period of active growth and in the flowering period, Annabel needs mineral and organic supplements for flowering plants.
Three times a season the plant is watered with a solution of acidic manganese potassium.
During the flowering period, reduce the dosage of dressings, otherwise the inflorescences will turn green.
Be sure to loosen the soil around the bush, saturating it with oxygen, weed from the weeds.
Trimming Tree Hydrangea
Formative pruning begin with the first year of life of the plant, in the beginning of spring they leave a low skeleton base, the shoots are cut to 12-15 cm. In the future, depending on the length of the grown branches, they are reduced by 2-5 cm. Sanitary pruning is to remove weak or damaged shoots. Whatever pruning you do, it is better to do this before the start of sap flow - in early spring or late autumn. This rule applies to all varieties of hydrangea, including "Strong Annabel" and "Annabel" pink when grown.
Reproduction features of hydrangea "Annabel"
The best way to grow hydrangea is by cuttings. In the fall, shoots of the current year are cut, which did not bloom, up to 15 cm long. Sections are kept in a root formation stimulator, then planted on a bed in penumbra. The cuttings are covered with a greenhouse (plastic bottle). Greenhouse regularly removed for some time to air.
In the first year of life, seedlings are afraid of low temperatures, so they are harbored with agrofibre for the winter, in regions with harsh winters, they are dug up, transplanted into pots and stored in a cellar. With such storage, it is important to monitor the soil moisture in the pot. In May, the strengthened plant is released from the greenhouse, in the case of storage in the cellar planted on the site.
The second method of reproduction is arcuate layering. In the first month of autumn choose one-year escape. A groove is pierced under it and, making a small incision on the stem of the shoot, it is laid in the groove with the notch down. So that the branch does not rise, it is strengthened with wire clips. Fall asleep groove, watered and mulched. The next season, in the fall, the layers are separated from the mother bush and transplanted to a permanent place.
How to prepare the plant for winter
Hortensia "Annabel" is described as a frost-resistant plant, in regions with a milder climate, an adult bush does not require shelter for the winter.
Another thing - young bushes or areas with cold winters. In any case, when preparing for the winter, the plant is cleaned from dry leaves and branches, the tree trunk is covered with a thick layer of sawdust, the bush is pressed as much as possible to the ground surface and laid over lapnik. You can cover with oilcloth and fix it. Thus, the root system and the hive itself are reliably protected.
If during the winter several shoots are frozen, no need to rush to remove them, in the spring sun the branches will go away and bloom for the next season.
Hydrangea "Annabel" in your garden can serve as a decorative fence, the center of a flower bed or a composition with coniferous plants. These flowers are perfectly side by side with roses, phlox, bells and irises. Also effectively look a number of hydrangeas of different varieties, colors and shapes of inflorescences.
Description of hydrangea Anabel
The plant is a deciduous dome-shaped shrub. The height of the hydrangea reaches up to 1.2 m. The average span of the crown is 1.5 m in diameter, and adult bushes can grow to 3 meters.
The bush is densely covered with saturated green oval leaves, pointed at the end, with uneven edges, having a length of up to 20 cm. The brightness of the greenery is maintained until the most frost.
Flowering begins by the end of June. Lasts quite a long time, until September and October. Flowers are collected in large balls with a diameter of 20 cm, and sometimes up to 25 cm. Formation occurs due to the connection of a large number of small inflorescences, whose circumference is about 2 cm. There are 4 petals in each flower. At the beginning of flowering hydrangea has a pale green tint. And as it ripens it acquires a rich white color.
Shrub grows rapidly. During the season the bush can grow by an average of 20 cm. Hydrangea Anabel is 40-50 years old.
Planting time each gardener determines independently. Ideal end of the spring period. If planting occurs in the fall, it is desirable not later. Otherwise, the hydrangea may not have time to settle down and adapt before the onset of frost. It is better to give the plant extra time.
To shrub pleased his beautiful views, you need to take a responsible approach to the choice of landing site. Hortensia does not like transplanting, so you must immediately choose a permanent place of its habitat.
Sunny places are best not to use for shrubs. Thick shadow is also not suitable. Planting tree hydrangea Anabel is better to make in light penumbra. Light, non-aggressive rays will have a beneficial effect on abundant flowering.
Basically, plants of this kind are planted at a distance from large plants. This is due to the lack of competition for moisture, since hydrangea refers to moisture-loving plants.
The main stages of planting hydrangea:
- Before planting, it is recommended to soak the root of the seedling in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. This procedure will disinfect the bush and give food.
- The planting pit is dug 40x40 cm. The depth should be about half a meter.
- With poor soil, peat, humus and river sand are introduced in equal proportions.
- Carefully straighten the roots and sprinkle them with earth. Around the root space you need to press a little. The root neck should be above the soil.
- Experienced gardeners recommend mulching the soil. This allows you to keep moisture longer. Also, mulch protects against the occurrence of weeds and makes it easy to loosen the ground.
After the end of all actions, hydrangea poured abundantly with water.
You also need to know what to put in the soil ashes or lime strictly forbidden. Hydrangea does not tolerate alkaline reactions.
If planting hydrangea Anabel produce in a row, then you need to leave the necessary interval between the bushes about 1.5-2 m. This will provide freedom for the proper formation of bushes.
Features care of hydrangea
Proper planting hydrangea Anabel and caring for shrubs - a pledge of beauty and beautiful views of the garden. The ability to create compositions of individual bushes or group them together gives a lot of space for imagination.
The main care is pruning and dressing. Even without these manipulations, an unpretentious shrub will grow and bloom. But the proper formation and nutrition of hydrangeas are also very important.
The peculiarities of the variety include the unusual possibility of dyeing the buds in various shades. Gardeners achieve this magic through watering with colored water. Acquiring some experience in a similar procedure, you can create several flowers in one bush. It looks very impressive and unusual.
The shrub tolerates winter well and withstands 40-degree frost. Young shoots are more vulnerable and may freeze when the thermometer drops below 20 degrees.
Hortense Anabel will endure drought patiently. But the plant belongs to moisture-loving species, so in order to avoid wilting of the foliage, it is recommended to moisten the soil artificially, by periodic watering. This is especially true of young bushes. With intensive growth, abundant watering is simply necessary for proper formation.
Need to feed
Some gardeners do not regularly feed. And hydrangea develops well and blooms. But the impressive size of bushes and flowering hats in this case is not expected.
Top dressing for the season takes place in several stages.
- In early spring, before mulching the soil, fertilizer is applied under the root for intensive growth. It should be dominated by trace elements such as phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen.
- During the period of formation of inflorescences, a second feeding is carried out, based on the content of phosphorus and potassium.
- In the spring, you can sprinkle the plant with a solution of potassium permanganate 2-3 times. This increases the strength of the shoots, which is very necessary for hydrangea. Under the weight of the buds of the branches are bent to the ground.
Some try to tie up branches to the support. But this action completely changes all the greatness of the bush.
Beautiful hydrangea tree Anabel, care for which involves mainly the correct pruning. This process must be approached responsibly. Improper pruning can completely destroy the whole beauty of the plant.
Young bushes should not be pruned, until the onset of 4 years of age. Starting from this period, pruned branches should be in early spring. Cuts are made from the ends of branches, retreating an average of 15 cm. Young shoots on an adult plant can be cut to a third. It is necessary for the formation of lush flowers. With the complete absence of trim buds begin to shrink over time.
It is not necessary to buy seedlings. You can take planting material from friends or neighbors. And later, if necessary, multiply.
The breeding process is fairly standard and simple.
Three methods are mainly used:
- growing cuttings
- reproduction by layering
- division of the bush.
The last option is quite risky. If there is no such experience, it is better not to risk it. This is due to the large diameter of the bush. Therefore, when dividing the root can damage the main bush. In this case, the damaged plant may start to hurt.
The first two methods are very easy in the process and ideal for inexperienced gardeners.
The method of grafting is cutting of young shoots 10-15 cm long. It is necessary to carry out manipulations in early spring before bud break. The cut is better to do obliquely. This will create a larger area for the root system. After cuttings are placed for 2 weeks in water or immediately into fertile soil. The temperature of the first time should be above 20 degrees. Cuttings need to regularly get enough moisture. Thus, the cuttings grow over two years, after which they are transplanted into open ground to a permanent place.
The method of reproduction by layering is the simplest and hassle-free. During the period of bud formation, the strongest shoot is selected. It must be bent to the ground in the middle of the rod and fixed. In the place of the fold prikopat it with earth and regularly carry out watering. Next year, roots will be formed at the fold. At the base of the mother bush, the cuttings are neatly cut by shears and transplanted to a permanent place.
Diseases and pests
Despite the simple fit and care, hydrangea Anabel may be subject to certain diseases. Therefore, it is advisable to carry out regular maintenance work. For this effectively use a weak solution of potassium permanganate. He plentifully poured at the root.
The first variant of the disease occurs on too alkaline soils. The leaves begin to lighten, the streaks remain dark. If time does not take action, the bush will die.
At the initial stage of the powdery mildew disease, the appearance of yellow spots on the foliage is observed. Over time, a brown tint appears. Leaves wither and fall off.
The formation of untimely yellowed foliage and the presence of spider webs indicate the presence of a pest - a spider mite. If the pest is detected at the initial stage of appearance, then you can do with a solution of laundry soap. When running, do not do without chemicals: "Fitoverm", "Vermitek" and others.
Preparing the plant for winter
Hortensia Anabel is a cold-resistant plant. But young bushes are better to trim the first time.
To prepare the bush for the winter period, you need to remove all foliage and remove old or damaged branches. Pristvolny circle generously insulated shavings, sawdust or pine needles. The bush is pressed against the ground and covered with spruce branches. Some gardeners, because of inexperience, use polyethylene for shelter. This is not worth doing. The plant can "suffocate" and sopret.
Planting hydrangea Anabel and care in the open field, judging by the reviews, do not present any difficulties. Even novice gardeners are delighted with these flowers. With a fairly minor care creates an extraordinary decorative area.
Having planted on the site hydrangea Anabel, everyone will be satisfied. The uniqueness of the decor with romantic notes of the backyard space will be the envy of the neighbors and the admiration of the guests. Hydrangea bushes can be used as a hedge. She looks amazing on the lawn. Harmoniously located with irises, phlox, roses and many other flowers.
On different continents, there are about 35 species of deciduous shrubs belonging to the genus of flowering plants of the family of hydrangea. Hydrangea, or hydrangia (hudrangea) is translated from Latin as "a vessel with water." During the growing season, the shrub evaporates a lot of water and, if it is not enough, it quickly fades.
In gardens, several types of hydrangea are usually displayed: paniculate, tree-like, large-leaved. Plants attract the attention of large inflorescences in the form of a ball or panicle, green large leaves. The flowers in the bud are of 2 types: in the middle - small, fructifying, at the edges - large, fruitless. The fruit of the hydrangea - a box with lots of small seeds.
The hydrangea tree Annabel is a beautiful shrub in height from 1 to 2 meters. She has not very thick pubescent shoots. The leaves, attached to the branches by long petioles, are located opposite. В середине июля на побегах появляются большие соцветия.
Куст высотой до 1,5 м, шириной кроны — до 3 м. Листья у него насыщенно-зеленые, овальные, с заостренным концом, сохраняющие яркий цвет до заморозков. The hydrangea Anabel blooms in late June with white buds and stands until September. Inflorescence dense, consisting of many small white flowers. Its length reaches 20-25 cm. This variety is not capricious, resistant to adverse climatic conditions, it can grow even in Siberia. At one place the bush is able to grow up to 50 years without losing the decorative appearance.
Hortensia Anabel (in the garden)
Note! This type of hydrangea can change the color of the inflorescences. To get the blue color, it is mulched with peat, spruce residues, and fed with a solution of aluminum alum; for pink, large doses of phosphate fertilizer are added.
Hortensia Strong Anabel is one of the varieties of Anabel. The height is the same, but the flowering is much more abundant: under the balls at this time there is almost no visible foliage. Variety tolerates frost, resistant to disease.
Hortensia Pink Annabelle has pink flower hats. At first dark pink, over time, the color changes to a lighter one. The shoots of the bush are powerful, strong, do not bend down to the ground even in the period of abundant flowering. The compact form of the bush is maintained throughout the season.
Planting and caring for hydrangea Anabel is simple. The plant prefers to grow on fertile, loose, well-hydrated soils. She landed in partial shade or in sunny areas. These places should be protected from the north winds. The hydrangea root system is presoaked for a short time in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
If several plants are planted, for example, Anabel and Hydrangea Strong Annabel, the distance between them should be 1.5-2 m. The planting hole is dug to a depth of 50 cm. Humus and complex fertilizer are added to it. Plants are planted in the prepared hole in such a way that the root neck is not buried.
Important! It is not recommended to make dolomite flour, lime, chalk, since these substances have an alkaline reaction, and hydrangea prefers an acidic one.
After landing, the ground is watered and tamped. Pristvolny circle mulched leaf humus, peat, sawdust. When growing plants in regions with a more severe climate, for example, in the Urals, after planting, a canopy is made of shields.
This is one of the best ways of vegetative propagation. This way you can dilute all types of hydrangia, including one of the most beautiful - tree hydrangea Pink Anabel. Rooting is made by green cuttings under the film cover. Here is how it is done:
- cuttings are cut,
- the place of the lower cut is processed by a growth stimulator,
- sand and peat substrates are prepared,
- cuttings are planted to a depth of 3 cm with an interval of 5 cm in the row and 5 cm between the rows,
- Every day the greenhouse is ventilated, saplings are sprayed with water.
If the greenhouse is located in an open area, it must be applied to prevent moisture from evaporating from the leaves. This is done with burlap, shields or other materials.
Note! After 15-20 days, the cuttings take root, the film with shading removed. In winter, the plants are covered with dry foliage, then covered with foil. In the spring, after thawing of the soil, the plants are seated according to the 15 × 15 scheme for a picking bed. There bushes grow, then land on a permanent place.
Propagated by cuttings can also be in room conditions. To do this, chopped cuttings are planted in pots with a substrate of peat and sand. Top cover with a plastic bottle with a cut off bottom or film. Airing and moistening plants are required. When the stem rooted, in the spring it is planted in the garden.
This method is used in spring or early autumn. This happens in the following sequence:
- podkapyvaetsya bush forks,
- the plant is divided into parts: each delenka must have roots and shoots,
- each bush is planted in a prepared landing pit,
- plants are watered, the planting circle is mulched with peat or sawdust.
On a note! There is another way to divide the bush, without digging. A small dig is made, and several branches with roots are separated by shears. Separated parts are planted in a permanent place.
Rooting layers is made in spring or autumn. The procedure is not laborious, and by spring several young shoots with roots are formed, ready for transplanting. The process of rooting by layouts step by step:
- the soil around the bush is dug up and leveled,
- the branch chosen for rooting is laid horizontally to the ground and slightly pressed into it,
- in several places the shoot is pinned or pressed to the ground with pebbles,
- a small part of the top should remain above the soil,
- on top of the shoots some earth is poured, which is then slightly moistened.
After 3 weeks, the roots will sprout and young shoots. When they reach a length of 10 cm, hilling is required. Separated and planted cuttings in a year, in spring or autumn.
In order to properly care for hydrangea, it must be abundantly watered, loosened, fed, cut. Hortensia will increase the lush green mass and will bloom beautiful lush buds.
Hydrangea bushes are moisture-loving, so you need to water it often, at least 1 time per week. Under each bush pours at least 2 buckets of water. In the dry summer watering is increased up to 2 times in 7 days. Water should be warm, heated under the rays of the sun. Periodically, it can add a little potassium permanganate to prevent rot. Watering is done in the morning or in the evening.
Loosening and mulching
The soil should be loose, free from weeds. When loosening moisture will remain, there will be air access to the roots. In hydrangea, the root system is located close to the soil surface, therefore loosening is done no deeper than 3-7 cm.
To protect the soil from overheating and preserve moisture, the soil is mulched. Peat, sawdust or a mixture of these materials is selected as mulch. Layer thickness - 3-5 cm.
Note! Mulching with peat and sawdust will make the soil more acidic, which will favorably affect the growth of hydrangea.
It happens sanitary pruning and forming. With sanitary cut out all the broken, old, sick shoots. Trimming in this case is done to the very foundation.
Forming pruning is done in spring, before sap flow. This rule is common to all chrysanthemums, including Pink Annabelle hydrangea. The procedure contributes to a better tillering. Cuttings can be used for breeding. If you leave one shoot and cut the rest, the hydrangea will form in the form of a tree.
Choosing a place for planting, it is recommended to give preference territories near tall trees. It is in pritenennyh places hydrangea will be able to reveal all the natural potential and to please their owners more lush flowering. In addition, nearby trees can protect shrubs from sudden gusts of wind and drafts, the latter are extremely negative factor for hydrangea.
It is not necessary to choose for planting places located in the lower part of the site, large accumulations of water can damage the root system and provoke its rotting. If the entire site is in a lowland, then the place for landing must be equipped with good drainage. As a drainage system, you can use pebbles, rubble, small pieces of brick or expanded clay. An important condition is the acidity of the soil, the most preferred for planting are acidic soil.
The best time for planting is the first half of spring. It is necessary to wait for the period of formation of buds on other plants, it is at this time that the earth will be sufficiently heated for planting shrubs.
Planting is done in several stages:
- Soaking seedlings in warm water.
- Preparation of landing fossa 50x50x50 centimeters.
- Equipment drainage layer in the fossa.
- Filling the landing site with soil. The soil is prepared from peat and humus soil with the addition of mineral fertilizers. The fossa is not completely filled, but about one third.
- Planting shrubs. When planting, it is necessary to evenly distribute the root system throughout the entire fossa volume. Then the roots are covered with soil and lightly tamped with it.
- Watering. Use warm distilled water, it is desirable that the temperature was several degrees higher than outside. For watering after planting will be enough 15-20 liters.
Important! When planting, pay attention to the position of the root collar, it should not be completely covered with soil.
Hydrangea anabel is quite unpretentious in the care, to cope with its content under the force of even novice gardeners.
It is enough to adhere to the three basic rules of care:
- Shrub poorly tolerated drought. Requires regular abundant watering. In hot weather, it is recommended to water several times a week. For irrigation, you should use warm distilled water. Experienced gardeners recommend to get water in the morning and put buckets in the sun, so the water will get rid of elements harmful to the plant and get warm.
- The plant requires regular pruning. The best time for pruning is the beginning of spring and the end of autumn. The upper stems are cut about ten or fifteen centimeters. When pruning in the spring it is important to have time to cut the stems before the juice begins to move. If the juice has gone, then pruning is better to refuse as it can seriously harm the shrub and significantly slow down its development.
- Mandatory Mulching. The procedure eliminates overheating of the plant and protects it from weeds. To maintain the desired acidity, it is recommended to add peat, a layer thickness of at least eight centimeters.
Among experienced florists, it is widely believed that it is better for a shrub not to bloom in the first two years and to cut off buds that are forming. The fact is that the plant spends a lot of power on flowering, and if this period is artificially excluded, then the forces will be spent on the formation of the bush itself. Due to this, the subsequent flowering will be lush, and the shrub itself is stronger and healthier.
An important issue in the care of shrubs is the right fertilizer. Top dressings are brought throughout the entire period of active vegetation. Well suited complex preparations for flowering plants. After the start of flowering, fertilizer should be applied with caution, with excessive feeding, the flowers may become a greenish tint.
Reproduction by cutting
It is one of the easiest and most effective ways to reproduce tree shrubs. Cuttings are cut from young shoots during floweringit is better to cut the side. Rooting is produced in a mixture of equal parts of peat and coarse sand; stimulants can be used to accelerate the process of root formation. Cuttings contain in a dark room, to maintain the necessary moisture they are covered with a can or a transparent plastic bag. After rooting, you can transfer the young plant in a bright room.
Reproduction by dividing the bush
The division is made at the beginning or end of the season.. Shrub dig and divide into several individual plants. The division is made in such a way that each new bush has several buds and a good root system. The roots should be given special attention, try not to damage the small roots, and cut the places of cuts with charcoal or cinnamon.
This method is suitable for breeding. Lovers try not to grow shrubs from seed as it is rather difficult and will require certain skills. Seeds are planted in boxes with acidified nutrient substrate. The substrate is prepared from equal parts of peat, sheet and humus soil. To give looseness, you can add coarse river sand. The soil is regularly moistened and made complex feeding. With proper care, by the end of the season young plants grow up to 20-25 centimeters high.
Preparing for the winter
Tree shrubs of the annabelle species are distinguished by their frost resistance and are well tolerated even by extreme cold. They do not require protection or additional shelter, but young plants can still be warmed.
Tips from experienced gardeners:
- be sure to cut the dried branches and remove the foliage,
- Sprinkle the ground around the bush with sawdust or dried grass,
- press the rest of the plant to the ground and press it with the board,
- cover the plant with foil or burlap.
It should be noted that the bending down of the plant should be carried out smoothly, without sharp shocks and excessive efforts.
How to change the color of inflorescences in hydrangea tree
For similar experiments it is worth choosing an adult shrub. Young plants are not yet strong enough and can react very negatively.
To give the flowers a blue tint, it is necessary to increase the acidity of the soil, and periodically make preparations with a high aluminum content. Watering is done with acidified water, the recommended acidity values should exceed pH 5.5. It is in the acidic environment that aluminum compounds become soluble and can get into the plant along with nutrients. Phosphorus prevents the dissolution of aluminum compounds, so drugs with its content should be discarded. You should not expect a quick reaction from hydrangea, sometimes a whole season changes to change colors.
For a pink shade, popularly called "pink", it is necessary to reduce the acidity of the soil to neutral indicators. For these purposes, lime or chalk can be added to the water for irrigation. Additionally make the application of fertilizers with a high nitrogen content.
It is worth noting that the repainting of the inflorescences from pink to blue happens quite quickly, but the reverse color change can take a lot of time.
With proper maintenance and proper care, tree hydrangea anabel is able to adorn any garden. Caring for her is simple and grow a beautiful healthy plant under the force of even an inexperienced gardener. You only need to choose a suitable place for landing and follow the simple tips from our article. Annabelle shrubs are beautiful and elegant, they are often used to decorate gardens and create hedges.
The tree hydrangea "Anabel" was known to mankind 300 centuries ago, when the colonialists began to settle in North America, and discovered this unusual and striking plant in the area of the current Ohio state. In general, the opening date of this variety is considered to be 1746. The plant was successfully sent and propagated in the nursery «Gulf Stream», which served as its distribution throughout the world.
The appearance of the plant has the form of a large shrub, which is not forever green, and drops the leaves during the cold season. The crown of the shrub is large, dome-shaped and spreading, and its height can reach 1.5-3 meters.
At the same time, a shrub grows of the order of 15 cm per year, which is a very good indicator for such an overall perennial plant. The diameter of the crown can reach 3-5 meters, which means that when planting a hydrangea you should expect that it takes up a lot of space.
Tree hydrangea has several varieties, the most common of which are as follows:
- Hortensia Anabel or Annabel, both versions of the name are correct. We will focus on it in the article
- Hortensia Incredibol, this species is derived from "Anabel" during breeding,
- "Wild" treelike hydrangea, as well as some other, less well-known varieties.
Hortensia "Anabel" has a number of the following characteristics listed below:
- Hortensia Anabel has several color variations, but the basic is considered to be a green color, which changes to white as the inflorescences form. Also very beautiful is the pink color variation, called "Pink." Some gardeners consider it a separate type of tree hydrangea,
- It is characterized by larger sizes, as it can grow up to 3 meters in height, with an incredibly large crown diameter,
- It has a long flowering period. So, "Anabel" begins to bloom at the very beginning of summer, and ends almost at the very end of autumn,
- The variety has large inflorescences (25-30 cm in diameter), and sometimes reaching a record 35 cm, which even are able to bend young shoots to the ground. There are no more than 10 types of flowers in the world that can boast of such dimensions.
Hydrangea "Incredibol" is a more modest variety, as it reaches a height of 1-1.5 meters, but it has inflorescences with a diameter of 30 cm. Inflorescences have a spherical shape of a lush structure, painted in white, less often pink.
Flowering occurs from June to September. In general, the variety is very similar to the base form of a hydrangea tree, but it has larger inflorescences than Anabel.
Despite the contradictory information as to whether it is worth planting a hydrangea tree “Anabel” in areas with open sun, or it is worth confining to penumbra, most gardeners tend to the first option. Since the most lush bloom was always observed on the bushes, located on an open area, washed from all sides by sunlight.
Такая особенность объясняется тем, что изначально сорт возник в районе штата Огайо, который характерен длинным и жарким летом, а также сравнительно короткой, но при этом прохладной зимой. Несмотря на это, в самые аномально жаркие летние дни гортензию можно накрыть тентом, дабы солнечные лучи не обожгли кончики нежных цветочных лепестков, испортив внешний вид.
Remember, hydrangea tree does not tolerate the soil with lime impurities, and if even a bush is planted in such soil, it will inevitably die. The hydrangea tree "Anabel" is unpretentious to the ground, but it feels best in clay soil, or in soil with high acidity.
Landing in the soil with abundant sand impurities is also undesirable, if you need it, it is important for you to have a luxuriant bloom (the sand does not hold up the nutrients necessary for the formation of large inflorescences).
Hydrangea is planted in autumn or spring, depending on the climate. So, if you live in the northern regions, plant the planting material of tree hydrangea in the spring, before bud break. In a warmer climate, it is possible to plant hydrangea at the beginning of autumn, but in this case it should be planted by cuttings.
Given the large size of the inflorescences, they can easily be damaged by the wind. In order to avoid a similar situation, simply plant a bush near the fence, fence or wall.
The landing process, step by step instructions
Planting all varieties of tree hydrangea is simple, and consists of the following points:
- We dig a hole, the depth of which will depend on the soil. In heavy soils with clay impurities, the fossa should be 70 cm deep, with a diameter of 60 cm. On loamy-type cultivated soils, the planting pit should be about 60 cm deep and 50 in diameter. On light soils, the size of the landing pit should be 50 cm in depth and 40 cm in diameter. The information is relevant only for cuttings aged 2-3 years, since they are the best option for growing any kind of hydrangea, especially in cool conditions of the CIS countries,
- It is recommended to lay a gravel drainage layer at the bottom of the pit. The thickness of the layer should be about 10-15 cm,
- The drainage covers the fertile soil, about which we spoke above, with a layer of 15 cm. The soil can be purchased at the store, if necessary, the usual black earth will do,
- The stalk is acquired with a land clod on the roots, and is planted in this way, so that its roots look strictly along the circumference without bending down or up,
- The cuttings are filled with fertile soil in such a way that the root collar is only 2 cm deep into the ground. Tamp the soil tightly so that it does not subside in the future,
- Watered stalk is watered with water in the amount of 20-25 liters,
- Planting in the open field can be considered complete.
Many gardeners practice harvesting pits 2 weeks before planting a cutting in it, initially filling it with fertile soil, but this is relevant for more demanding varieties of hydrangea, since in such cases organic fertilizers are also added to the soil. Hydrangea tree "Anabel" can be successfully planted in any of two ways (not fundamentally).
Detailed description of the subsequent care of the cutting and young plant is as follows:
- Hydrangea tree "Anabel" is able to endure drought, but in this case, it may not bloom this year. For abundant flowering, hydrangea is watered about 2 times a week if it is a young stalk, and 1 time a week if it is an adult plant. In the period of hot summer, watering can be increased to 2-3 times a week. Watering is necessary in this way, so that the soil was always slightly moist. If you do not know whether it is worth watering the hydrangea or not, you should deepen your finger into the ground near the bush to a depth of 3 cm, and if the ground is wet there, then watering is not required, if dry, water it,
- Loosen the soil at least 2 times a year, to a depth of about 5 cm, which will improve the flow of oxygen to the roots,
- The first dressing of the planted cuttings is carried out the following spring, adding organic fertilizers to the soil for the period of growth and development of foliage, mineral fertilizers during the formation of inflorescences, and a choice of (organic or mineral fertilizers) in the middle and late summer. In the autumn feeding stop.
The need for spraying
Spraying hydrangeas do not require. Of course, after a hot day, flowers will not be damaged by wetting with cool water from a spray bottle, but on a global scale, hydrangea is indifferent to this. Moreover, it is very problematic to spray an adult bush, sometimes reaching the height of human growth, and even wider.
Attitude to drafts
All varieties of hydrangeas poorly tolerate drafts, and with their long exposure begin to wither, and later die, regardless of growing conditions. Draft, this is the worst enemy of any hydrangea!
Pruning can be done at the end of March and early April, but at such times it is forbidden to trim the skeletal branches. In the autumn, when the bush has thrown off the leaves and moved to the sleep phase, it is possible to cut off the skeletal branches. Also, the hydrangea can be completely cut off in order to start shaping the bush anew, but in this case, it must be done when it reaches 4 years of age.
Cut branches in spring can be used as cuttings, even though they do not have roots, but in this case, care of them will require more experience and strength.
Pests and control of them
Hydrangea tree "Anabel" is subject to attack by all types of aphids, spider mites, brilliant leaf beetles, weevils, and all types of garden bugs. As for other pests, they can also affect hydrangea, but most often they prefer food crops, and they only harm hydrangeas in rare cases.
Get rid of parasites and pests will help store-based drugs, which at the moment a great many. As for prevention, it should be carried out taking into account the following points:
- In 10 liters of water, add 1 kg of dried alder leaves, and leave for 12 hours, then spray the bush once a month,
- In 3 liters of water, place 500 grams of grated garlic, and leave for 5 days. After that, 60 ml of this infusion, add 10 liters of water, rub there 50 grams of laundry soap, and spray the bush once a month.
Today we conducted a detailed description of the hydrangea tree "Anabel", as well as its species "Incredibol", along the way familiarizing themselves with their photos. However, be careful, as the hydrangea tree "Anabel" is very similar to panicle hydrangea, because both are characterized by white color.
Do not confuse this variety, as the hydrangea paniculata is a more spreading plant, but it is even more simple in content. Hydrangea tree "Anabel" is not suitable for growing in conditions with short summers and long winters, while paniculata grows even there!
Possible diseases and pests
Although the hydrangea is a fairly disease-resistant plant, some people still sometimes hit it.
- Mealydew. It is caused by fungi that inhabit the soil. All affected parts are removed, the bush is treated with a solution of any fungicide.
- Grayrot. Fungal disease that affects primarily young cuttings. The treatment is similar: the affected shoots are cut out, the remaining are sprayed with a solution of fungicide.
- Ringspotting. Treats viral diseases. Possible causes of the disease - infected planting material, the use of poorly processed tools, and can also infect various insects. The disease is not treated for treatment: the bush is destroyed.
- Chlorosis. The disease is characterized by yellowing of the leaves. In this case, the lack of iron. As a treatment, supplementation with iron preparations is performed.
Hortensia can also be stormed by various insects and pests. Timely detection of them and the measures taken to combat them will save the bushes from destruction.
- Leaf aphid. Very dangerous, because in a short time can drink the juice from the leaves and stems. Ladybugs can handle it. If the aphids are too much, the plant is sprayed with insecticides.
- Spider mite He easily finds himself by the fact that in his habitat the branches will be covered with cobwebs. Control measures are the same: spraying with insecticides.
- Slugs Plant in wet places, eat up the leaves and stems. They are harvested by hand or lead molluscicide, which is scattered in the habitats of slugs.
Use of hydrangea in garden design
Hydrangea in the garden is planted both singly and in an ensemble with other plants. In landscape design, the use of hydrangea is the most diverse. She enjoys great popularity among garden architects of the Moscow region.
One of the options - it can be landed in the coastal zone, where it will become the main element of the decor. Nearby will look good hosts, badany, astilba, and other moisture-loving flowers. Even when the hydrangea blooms, the composition will look beautiful due to the variety of leaf plates.
On a note! Hortensia Anabel and paniculata, for example, Limelight, look spectacular next to the ephedra, decorative leafy shrubs. Hydrangea can be a background for low-growing plants, or vice versa, to shade more tall ones. If there are unsightly buildings on the plot, the hydrangea will decorate them beautifully.
Hortensia can grow in one place for many years. Given this fact, the gardener can change the look of his plot every year, planting other plants each time. And on the contrary, having planted beautiful perennial shrubs next to the hydrangea, the gardener will keep his garden in a stable, decorative, unchanged state.
Some nuances in the care
It is necessary not only to find the right place for planting a bush and plant it according to all the rules. He needs care. Albeit unpretentiously this plant, but he still has some requirements.
Observing simple rules, you can achieve wonderful results, make composite flowerbeds, group plantings - there is no limit to fantasy.
The main components of care are correct pruning and fertilizer. Although, I must say that even without these events, the hydrangea will bloom and develop, but the appearance will not be so neat and decorative.
Knowledgeable gardeners in the cultivation of hydrangea use some trick, thanks to which the caps of the inflorescences can be painted in various shades.
For garden varieties achieve this effect, changing the acidity of the soil. For tree hydrangea, this method is not suitable, but there is an opportunity to get a short-term effect. To do this, water for irrigation add certain dyes.
For greater effect, even obtaining several shades on a single bush. Very original picture with magical transformations.
Wintering the bush does not cause trouble, because even lowering the temperature to - 40 is not terrible frost-resistant shrubs. More often young growths suffer when frost is below - 20
Anabel is very indulgent even for the most frivolous gardeners. She will wait patiently for watering, waiting for even a dry summer. But for moisture-loving hydrangea, watering is still periodically necessary so that the leaves do not start to wither.
This is especially important for young plants - during the period of intensive growth they must be watered plentifully
Even if a careless gardener is not at all engaged in the care and fertilizer of a hydrangea tree, it will still bloom and grow well. True, the flowers will not be so lush and huge, and their size will be much more modest
During the vegetation period, conduct several dressings:
- The first, spring dressing is carried out before the beginning of the growing season, phosphorus, potash and nitrogen fertilizer complexes are introduced, contributing to better growth and development of the plant. After application, mulching is performed
- The second dressing consisting of phosphorus-potassium elements is introduced during the formation of buds
- In addition, the plant is sprayed twice with a weak pink solution of potassium permanganate. This event helps to strengthen the stems. For hydrangea - an important procedure, since the heavy caps of the inflorescences strongly pull the branches to the ground. In this regard, some gardeners are trying to tie up the stems, but in the end, the bush loses much of decoration.
All care for the bush of this plant, basically comes down to proper pruning. Here it is necessary to show responsibility. Because the ineptly carried out procedure can disfigure hydrangea, depriving it of beauty.
Young plants can not be pruned. Begin to trim only grown bushes from 4 years of age. The procedure is carried out in the spring, as soon as possible. The branches are cut about 15 centimeters from the end. In an adult bush, young branches can be shortened by a third.
If you do not prune the hydrangea, then after a while the caps of flowers will lose their pomp and shred.
When compared with other varieties and varieties, then Anabel has, perhaps, the most sprawling bush of spherical shape. Shoots formed a lot, which creates the impression of pomp. The height varies depending on the natural conditions and can reach 1-1.5 m, and up to 3 m wide. The flowers of the hydrangea are small, only 2 cm in diameter. But the thing is that they are collected in spectacular spherical inflorescences, which can be up to 30 cm in volume. Flowering begins in the middle or end of June and lasts until September. Anabel is a long-lived hydrangea, and one bush can delight you for more than a decade, which is also an indisputable advantage.
This variety is very versatile in terms of landscape design. Place for hydrangea can be found at any site. It goes well with conifers, irises, roses. If you wish, you can even make a real living wall of it, which will be covered with fragrant white flowers from year to year.
There is another type of this variety - Pink Pink Anabel hydrangea. It is distinguished not only by the pink tinge of flowers, but also by sturdier and wind-resistant shoots, enhanced frost resistance. The care is the same as for the hydrangea Anabel with white flowers.
What to choose a place for landing?
For a start it is worth noting that the planting of the Anabel hydrangea or any other variety should be carried out in the spring (May) or autumn (September), with the first option being preferable. Buy seedlings in specialized stores, pay attention to the root system. Hydrangea at the time of planting may have buds, but should not bloom. The optimum age of the seedlings is 2-3 years.
Pick up a place for shrubs, sheltered from drafts, in partial shade, where the direct rays of the sun are only a few hours a day. Nearby should not be too large trees, as they will take moisture.
Hortensia tree Anabel is not too demanding on the soil, but still prefers acidic and with good water permeability, drained.
Preparing a landing site
After the landing site is selected, it is necessary to dig a hole. Size depends on the seedling, about 50 x 50 cm and the same depth. Hydrangea has a superficial root system. If you are doing a group planting, then the distance between the seedlings should be about two meters.
It is recommended to pour a few buckets of water (4-5) into the prepared pit and leave it overnight so that it is absorbed. Then a small drainage layer is poured to the bottom, and then prepared nutritious soil (leaf soil, peat, humus and sand in equal quantities). In no case do not add lime and wood ash, hydrangea tree Anabel does not like it.
In a well-moistened soil, lower the seedling and sprinkle it so that the root collar is at ground level. The land should be tightly tamped and watered again. The near-barrel primer is sure to be compounded after this. Use peat, sawdust, pine needles or spruce branches, as well as foliage. If you have a lawn, you can use grass, which is in sufficient quantity after mowing. Mulching protects the hydrangea roots from overheating and limits the growth of weeds, besides organic matter eventually rot and acidifies the soil, which is very useful for the plant.
Hortensia Anabel: care
The shrub grows fast enough. Caring for hydrangea is timely watering, loosening and mulching the soil, pruning.
The plant is very moisture-loving, slightly wilted leaves will testify to the fact that it lacks water. The best option for watering - 1-2 times a week, for each bush 3-4 buckets. It is desirable that it be gradual and slow, for example, drip irrigation system. The frequency of watering can be reduced to one in 10 days if the soil is mulched. It is best to do this in the spring and several times over the summer, while not forgetting to slightly flutter the ground in the near-barrel circle.
Anabel is a hydrangea that loves top dressing, they are necessary for it for a long and abundant flowering. The first time fertilizers are applied next spring after planting. One square meter recommend the following composition of feeding:
- 40 g of superphosphate,
- 20 g of urea,
- 30 g of potassium sulfate.
You can use ready-made complex fertilizers, such as Kemira-flowers, while strictly following the instructions. At the moment when hydrangea Anabel picks up the buds, a second feeding is conducted (50 g of superphosphate and 30 g of potassium sulfate). In addition, it is recommended to water the shrub 2-3 times over the summer with a weak (light pink) solution of potassium permanganate.
Anabel - hydrangea is quite resistant to various diseases, but can sometimes be damaged by spider mites, downy mildew, leaf chlorosis or aphids. All cases require treatment with special preparations.
Формирование куста гортензии
Обрезке подлежат только кустарники старше пяти лет, до этого времени трогать их не нужно. Самое лучшее время – ранняя весна. Взрослые побеги обрезают на 10-20 см, а однолетние можно укорачивать на 1/3 длины. Удалению подлежат поломанные, старые и часто растущие ветки. It is not necessary to cut off weak bushes, since spring is the time of active sap flow, and a painful plant can die.
Reproduction of hydrangea
Hortensia Anabel breeds very successfully in a vegetative way - cuttings and layering. In the first case, young shoots are used. Cuttings 10–15 cm long should be cut off during the flowering of hydrangeas. Then slightly dry the cut, treat with “root” and root in light fertile soil. For the formation of roots of cuttings need high humidity and temperature of 20-25 degrees. In the second case, a strong and healthy shoot is buried in the fall. Already next spring it will give roots and forms a separate bush.
Do you want to change the color of inflorescences of ornamental shrubs? Planting a tree hydrangea "Anabel" will give you plenty of room for experimentation. If you plant a few bushes near the house, in the summer they will be covered with lush white hats of flowers. You can keep this beauty in its original form, or you can water the plants with special preparations so that the clusters will acquire the most varied coloring. Experienced flower growers can make the same shrub let out inflorescences of different colors. In the northern regions, perennials often do not tolerate harsh winters, they have to be warmed or scooped up and transferred to a room. Hortensia is not afraid of frost, so it is ideal for the design of summer cottages in cold latitudes, and caring for it is not at all complicated.
Beauty of a low bush
The hydrangea tree “anabel” does not reach a large height, the bush is stretched only up to one and a half meters, but it grows to a width of 3 m. Small flowers fit tightly to each other and form snow-white balls up to 30 cm in diameter. In early spring, the bush adorns the site with bright greens, and from July to autumn - with lush inflorescences. Proper planting and care make the clusters so heavy that the branches lean to the ground.
Got a new suburban area? Do not rush to make a wooden fence, you can plant a hydrangea tree "anabel" around the perimeter. Shrubs grow very quickly, care for them does not take much time, and soon your territory will be surrounded by a living decorative fence. The bushes planted along the beds will protect the planting from the wind; in winter, they will hold the snow and prevent the soil from freezing.
Planting hydrangea tree "anabel" will need only once: she is long-lived. Proper care will help the bushes decorate the site for almost half a century, and your grandchildren will already have to change them for new ones. Be careful when choosing a place: these plants do not tolerate the transplant.
Worst of all hydrangea "Anabel" endures drought, the main care is reduced to irrigation. Ensure that the soil is always wet, water it abundantly. While the bush is still small, it must be protected from pests. Water the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and spray it with insecticides. Hydrangea is resistant to diseases, but for prevention it can be sprayed with Bordeaux mixture. Hot sunlight and strong wind are dangerous for young plants, protect them from adverse effects until they get stronger.
Nutrients of the bush are especially needed in the spring after wintering, when it begins to actively grow and release foliage, and during the formation of buds. Make complex fertilizers, manure, compost. During flowering do not overfeed the plants, excessive care will lead to the fact that the petals will get a greenish tint. When choosing fertilizers, make sure that magnesium and iron are included in the composition, these trace elements are necessary for tree hydrangeas.
If some of the hydrangea shoots freeze in severe cold, do not remove them. During the warm season they will recover, and next year they will be covered with lush inflorescences.
Until the age of two it is better not to let the “anabel” bloom, all the forces and nutrients should be spent on the development of a strong bush. Cut off the formed buds, you still have time to enjoy the beauty of the snow-white inflorescences. Mature plants that are already 3 years old need to be rejuvenated every spring. Leave about a dozen of the strongest shoots and shorten them by a third. Excess shoots cut. In the fall, remove all dried inflorescences and shoots that have not released buds.
Change the color of the petals
There are various reviews about the results of experiments to change the color of the flowers of the hydrangea tree "anabel." In some florists, everything happens quickly and easily, others fight for years, but they fail. There is nothing surprising in this: the plant is a living organism, each instance has its own characteristics. Try it, maybe you are lucky. Do not conduct experiments on young fragile bushes, they may not survive such stress.
Want to get a blue tint of petals - increase the acidity of the soil and make aluminum preparations under the bush. Usually this element is enough in the ground, but in neutral and alkaline medium it is in insoluble compounds. Water the soil with acidic compounds, make sure that the pH was not higher than 5.5. Do not feed hydrangea phosphate fertilizers, they can prevent the transition of aluminum compounds in soluble form. Do not expect that the color change will occur quickly, have to wait a few years.
For a pink hue of the petals, approximate the acidity of the soil to a neutral reaction. Do not overdo it with the introduction of chalk and lime, hydrangea tree "anabel" may die from their excess, it will not save any care. Feed your plants with fertilizers, which are rich in nitrogen and phosphorus, but low in potassium. If you want to change the color several times, first achieve a pink tint, and when this tone gets tired, change it to blue. Changing the color in the reverse order is much more difficult.
Hydrangea can be planted in any climate zone. These plants tolerate severe frosts, almost never get sick and are not affected by pests. Caring for tree hydrangea "Anabel" is quite simple. Only drought is terrible for the bushes, but if you install a drip irrigation system, this problem will be solved.
Fans of experiments can try to change the colors of the petals. Consider that in these experiments chemicals are used. Do not treat plants that are near vegetable beds. Remember that after the destruction of the bush in this place it will not be possible to plant edible crops, and other ornamental plants may not settle down in the poisoned soil, despite the excellent care. If you still decide to get an unusual shade - we wish you success!
Possible breeding methods
For breeding this plant there is no need to purchase seedlings in the distribution network. It is enough just to propagate the culture, taking material from the neighbor in the dacha for planting. The bush takes root very easily and there are no problems in its reproduction.
Breeding methods do not differ from standard ones:
- rooting cuttings,
- division of roots.
When using the method of dividing the bush there is a certain risk. Without certain skills it is better not to carry out such a procedure. After all, the bush grows with age very much and there is a chance to injure the main part of the bush. From such an intervention, the plant may not recover and die.
Two other methods do not cause any difficulties, they are easily handled by a novice florist.
The cutting is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- Prepare cuttings from young stems, cutting off the tops of 10-15 centimeters. It is best to do this at the very beginning of spring, before the beginning of the active growing season.
- For germination they are placed in a jar of water for 10-15 days, before the formation of roots. Rooting can be carried out in the ground.
- The room temperature is maintained at 20-25 degrees.
- The soil should be constantly hydrated.
- Rooted seedlings grow for two years, and then you can only identify them on a flower bed.
Growing a new bush with the help of layering is even easier:
- In the spring, when buds begin to form, the lower strong branch is pressed against the soil.
- Attach with brackets in the center.
- Sprinkle ground fixation point.
- The soil is kept moist.
- A year later, when a new seedling is formed, it is separated from the main plant and planted in a flower bed.