Potted flowers and plants

Chrysanthemum multiflora, planting and care

Chrysanthemum - a flower with a rich history, it was grown in the 1st century BC. er Sort Spherical multiflora"in demand in gardening, it belongs to the family of" Composite-colored chrysanthemums. "

The plant is distinguished by the fact that it forms a ball of flowers, almost no leaves are visible behind this ball. Chrysanthemum multiflora globose distributed in Russia. Variety includes 4000 hybridsdiffering in color.

Plant description

Chrysanthemum multiflora is:

Medium varieties are popular. Multiflora globular blooms in August, September or early October. With proper care, flowering lasts until November. Spherical chrysanthemum does not need pruning, as it forms itself. To better grow the flower, you need to pinch the top. It is necessary to begin pinching when the plant is formed 4-8 leaves. Spherical chrysanthemum is a beautiful plant, but it cannot be grown in cold climates, but if you want, you can build a warm greenhouse. The flower grows well in southern climates. Spherical chrysanthemum is unstable to winter, other species respond normally to cold.

How is the transplant?

Globular multiflora costs grow in the southern regions. If you plant in central Russia, you need time to dig. If frost is suspected, the plant should be covered with dense polyethylene. Digging is recommended in early November. Pre-need to cut the stems. Roots are placed in a spacious box with the ground. This box should be placed in a warm room (the temperature should not be below + 4 degrees). The roots are stored in moist soil, but the over-wetting of the soil is harmful.

If the roots are stored in dry land, they will lose their properties and will be able to take root in a new place. When spring comes, you need to put a box with its roots in the sun. In the future, the kidneys will be formed. Chrysanthemum is grown not only in the garden, but also at home. If you transplant a flower at home, the roots should be placed in a cool dark place. Chrysanthemum multiflora requires attention fit and care must be correct and most importantly, timely.

Landing in the ground

You need to choose a favorable place for growing. The flower is planted in an open, well-lit area. If you choose the right place, the plant will bloom well, it will independently take the form of a ball. If the chrysanthemum multiflora will experience a lack of light, the shoots will begin to reach for the sun. The shape of the plant will be broken. The flower is propagated by seeds and shoots. Seeds are planted in open ground or a pot (if you plan to grow seedlings). If you prefer to grow seeds, plant a flower in early spring.

The optimal distance between the holes is 30 cm. Each hole is watered with water, 5-6 seeds are added to it. If covered with polyethylene, the seeds will sprout faster.

Seeds for seedlings sown at the end of winter. Pre-prepare container. Seeds are placed in a moist soil. They are scattered over the ground, covered with plastic wrap. Seeds quickly germinate at a temperature of + 20 degrees. From time to time it is necessary to moisten the soil. It should lift the film and air the young seedlings. After some time, the plant will please the first leaves. If the seedlings reached 20 cm, it is planted in the ground.

Growing with shoots

Chrysanthemum propagated shoots: this method is more reliable. Most gardeners do not recommend planting chrysanthemum seeds, as they may not grow. Better to propagate shoots. We must take a few pieces and landed in early April. The advantage of shoots is that they are resistant to frost. Planting chrysanthemums does not take much time.

  1. First you need to prepare the ground. The flower takes root in a light, fertile soil. To improve soil fertility, you should add a mixture of peat and humus. If you bring organic matter in large quantities, the plant will bloom badly.
  2. It is necessary to make holes 35 cm deep, the optimal distance between them is 60 cm. The holes are filled with water, after which the drainage is laid. Sand is used as a drainage, you need to make a layer of 2 cm, then pour fertile soil.
  3. Growing multiflora requires following important rules. When planting, the seedling is not deepened.
  4. If you choose a tall chrysanthemum, it is worth placing it on a support, so it will not fall.
  5. After landing in the ground is recommended to shade the seedling.

Young plants are sensitive, they need to pay special attention, it is important to protect from aggressive sunlight. For the shelter using a translucent film. There is a good alternative - to make a cap-type construction near the seedling.

Flower care

Growing chrysanthemum multiflora is not complete without regular watering. In the summer it is necessary to ensure that the soil does not dry out. In hot weather the plant is watered more often. Ammonia is used to soften the water, only a few drops are taken for 1 bucket. In the spring, fertilizers are required, and vegetation begins at this time. Mulleh and humus are used as fertilizers. When the buds begin to form, you need to make superphosphate: 40 g per 1 sq. M. After planting, it is recommended to pinch the chrysanthemum multiflora. It is worth noting that the plant is afraid of cold weather, but is resistant to pests.

The flower must be protected from diseases and harmful insects. If the leaves turn black and fall out, then powdery mildew appears. The disease occurs if the gardener is improperly caring for the plant. In order to avoid powdery mildew, multiflora should be watered moderately; the soil should not be overmoistened. When planting is to observe the distance between the bushes. If the flower has been exposed to powdery mildew, the damaged foliage and flower stalks should be removed, and the soil should be replaced.

It is recommended to make a solution with a small amount of copper and soap. Take 50 g of the soap solution, diluted in 5 liters of water. This tool requires 5 g diluted in 250 ml of water. The compositions are mixed, the resulting mixture is used for spraying flowers. The frequency of application of the solution - 1 time per week. The tool can be used for the prevention of powdery mildew. Spherical chrysanthemum can suffer from insects, most often attacking caterpillars. To remove them, it is necessary to use means "Spark".

As you can see, the care of the plant is simple. To propagate by cuttings, you need to use an adult plant, propagated in early spring. The processes are placed in a box, the soil must be constantly moistened. Over time, shoots will begin to form. When they reach 10 cm, it will be necessary to divide the bush, separate runs - to land in the ground.

Description of the species

Spherical chrysanthemum is not commonly used for bouquets. This is a decorative curb look. Multiflora is a thermophilic plant that endures winters very poorly. These flowers look great on loggias and in the design of verandahs.

The round shape is a feature of multiflora, moreover, it is genetically incorporated, and not artificially created. Despite the fact that some flower growers recommend pinching flower tops, this is not necessary. Without trimming multiflora can do, but without sunlight there, it can affect the formation of the ball.

Spherical chrysanthemum classification

In height, these flowers are:

  • High (above forty centimeters).
  • Medium (about 35 centimeters).
  • Low (about 25 centimeters).

Depending on the timing of flowering:

Popular varieties

  • Most often, growers on their plots grow the following varieties of spherical chrysanthemums:
  • Branbeach. This variety differs terry flowers that bloom in late August. Flowers come in different colors: from bright yellow to bright orange.
  • Branindio. Multiflora of this variety blooms with yellow flowers from the end of August. It grows up to 40 centimeters in height. Flowers bloom from late summer to mid-autumn.
  • Branfountain. These flowers belong to the mid-flowering, pleasing their spherical flowers until the first frost. Terry flowers are white, purple, coral color.
  • Brandroyal. High chrysanthemum bushes begin to bloom profusely in September. Flowering continues until frost. Chrysanthemum blooms bright red, sunny yellow flowers.
  • Branhill. Abundantly flowering shrub, which begins to bloom in August and ends in October. It is terracotta red and light cherry in color.
  • Brandove. This sort of flowers like pompons. They bloom in early September. The flowers are white with yellow-green centers.
  • Bransky plum. Tall bushes that begin to bloom in September. Flowers terry, bright plum shade.
  • Jacqueline Peach. This variety is the most unusual. It differs in two-color coloring. It happens yellow-purple and yellow-pink hue. Chrysanthemums are blooming from mid-September.

How to plant multiflora in open ground

Be sure to choose the most sunny place for landing. With a lack of sun, you can forget about the correct form of the bush. This should be done in the fall. The soil is carefully digged by adding humus. Ash can be used. Before landing will be done, again you need to dig everything up.

You can plant young plants in late April. There are varieties with a spherical crown up to 50 centimeters, there are varieties with larger balls. The landing distance depends on the size.

How much a bush will grow depends on the time of planting the cutting. If it was planted in March, the bush will become large. Planted in April and May, the bushes grow to medium height and are very strong. The June cutting gives mini-bushes, but over time they will develop, acquiring the correct form.

Some growers prefer to buy ready-made plants. They are bought in the second half of July. You can continue to grow in a container or immediately transplanted into the ground. Transplantation should be successful, most importantly, do not damage the roots. After planting, be sure to pour plenty of chrysanthemum.

Planting multiflora in a pot

There are several reasons why the chrysanthemum should be transplanted from the open ground. This is done in order to decorate with a flowering plant a loggia or veranda. Some transplant plants for sale.

This event is held when the third part of the buds is already open. It is necessary to take pots not less than 25 centimeters in height, the diameter should also be not less. As the soil take fertile soil. Too light ground will not work, it will dry out too quickly.

System watering

Chrysanthemums do not tolerate waterlogging. A plant even without a rain can easily survive, but it will be difficult to achieve a large number of flowers. It is better to water the bushes of chrysanthemums regularly and gradually.

During the period of active growth system watering is extremely necessary. And after the plant blooms, you can stop watering. When watering need to pay attention to the water was warm. No need for moisture to fall on the base of the bush and leaves. For chrysanthemums suitable more soft water.

When growing spherical chrysanthemums in pots, watering should also be systemic. The soil should remain moderately wet for the top layer to dry out.

Characteristics of the main varieties

Chrysanthemum multiflora is a whole group of plants, which consists of different varieties. All varieties can be divided into small-flowered and large-flowered. The most common varieties include the following:

  1. Bransky Plum. Color can grow up to 70 cm in height. The core is crimson, and the flowers themselves are pink in color.
  2. Branfountain Lemon. The height of the bush reaches 0.5 meters. The flowers are pale yellow, shade increases closer to the middle of the flower.
  3. Branroyal Yellow. Blossoms are large, have a yellow flower, in shape they resemble balls.
  4. Branbeach Orange. This variety is distinguished by early flowering, most often the first flowers begin to appear already in mid-August. Color - rich orange.
  5. Brandove White. Flowers of this sort resemble pompons in their form. Most often they are two-colored: the middle is green-yellow, and the edges have a white color.

All varieties tolerate winter normally, but the plants should be properly prepared for frost and covered with protective materials. In the northern areas it is recommended to dig up plants for the winter and leave them to winter in the basement.

Features planting flower

Growing chrysanthemum multiflora is a simple process, but you need to follow all the rules of farming during planting. This is the only way to grow a healthy plant that will delight with abundant blooms.

Before planting chrysanthemum in open ground, you need to find a suitable place. This should be a sunny plot. If the flower grows in the shade, it does not form a spherical shape.

Land for landing is recommended to start cooking in the fall. To do this, you need to make a large amount of humus and ashes in the ground, and also dig everything thoroughly. Immediately before disembarking the site needs to be re-digged again.

Experienced growers recommend periodically changing places for growing chrysanthemums. The optimum interval is 2 years, and for 3 years you need to transplant to a new place.

Young cuttings can be planted in the ground at the end of April, when the weather is stable and warm. The plant between cuttings is selected depending on the type of flower.

Flowers from the container is recommended to be planted in the second half of summer. It is important to carefully transplant, so as not to damage the root system. After planting the plant should be watered well..

Recommendations for the care of chrysanthemum

Chrysanthemum globular multiflora involves the formation of crown. Pinching shoots is recommended in the spring, such a simple procedure will help to form the correct shape of the bush.

If the plant is grown in a pot, it is recommended to replant it every 2 years, while the substrate and the pot itself need to be changed.

Chrysanthemums that grow in the open field, you need to rejuvenate every 2−3 years. It is possible to carry out both a transplant to a new place, and a simple division of a bush.

Periodically need to loosen the soil. This is necessary to ensure that water penetrates better to the roots, as well as that the root system has access to oxygen. Do not forget about the conduct of periodic watering and feeding.

Watering and feeding

Chrysanthemums do not like highly moist soil, as rotting is possible. For irrigation, it is best to use separated or rainwater.

In summer, the frequency of watering needs to be increased, since in hot weather the soil dries out much faster. Moderate watering is the key to creating a healthy and beautiful shrub that will have a spherical shape.

An insufficient amount of moisture can be fraught with lignification, drying up of the plant and subsequent death. Watering is recommended in the morning or evening, so the plant will be protected from sunburn.

Potted chrysanthemums need to be watered 2-3 times a week. It is not recommended to pour water into the pan. For normal flower growth, the substrate must be properly hydrated.

An important part in the care of chrysanthemum multiflora is its feeding. Mineral fertilizers are not recommended when planting plants. The first feeding should be carried out 2 weeks after disembarkation. For the first application of fertilizer, you can use nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen is especially needed during the growing season, as well as at the time of bud formation.

The second fertilization should be carried out immediately before flowering. This time, nitrogen must be removed, and magnesium added instead.

To make the color of flowers more saturated, you need to spraying humate. The third dressing allows you to saturate the flower with useful vitamins that will help you to winter well. It should be carried out in October, for this superphosphate is perfect.

The lack of nutrients can adversely affect the decorative properties of the plant. As a result, the buds can be small and rare, and the duration of flowering is small. However, an excessive amount of fertilizer can also have a negative impact. A large amount of nitrogen provokes various diseases.

Plant care after flowering

The end of flowering is accompanied by complete withering, as well as crown loss of form. Pruning can be done only when growing points are formed. Chrysanthemum should be poured abundantly, and only then you can begin to prepare it for winter. If the plant is grown at home, pruning should be minimal.

Breeding options

The first breeding option involves the separation of sprouts from rhizome, rooting and planting in individual pots. This procedure should be carried out after wintering.

The second option is the cutting of chrysanthemum multiflora. This is an easy way that even a beginner can handle. With uterine bush need to cut the cuttings and remove from them all the lower leaves. Slices should be processed with Klonex gel or Kornevin solution. Ready cuttings need to be planted in separate cups. It is better to take a substrate for landing friable and easy. Plants can also be planted in peat or coconut tablets. To rooting faster, it is recommended to create a greenhouse effect, for this they need to be covered with film or glass.

Каждые 2−3 дня черенки нужно опрыскивать специальным стимулятором укоренения. Рекомендуется использовать Эпин или Энерген.

Зимовка в открытом грунте

Хризантема мультифлора нормально переносит зимы. In the southern regions, where the winter is quite warm, the plant can not even cover. It will be enough to pile it up, and put a layer of dry foliage on top. Some gardeners even cut the flower, over time, the leaves and stems fall off on their own.

Chrysanthemum multiflora: varieties

Chrysanthemum multiflora - is a whole group of plants, which includes various varieties. All of them are suitable for cultivation in the open field. Varieties are divided into large-flowered and small-flowered. When they are combined, the design of the garden looks particularly impressive.

The main varieties of this chrysanthemum are as follows:

  1. Branfountain Lemon. The height of the bush about half a meter. The flowers have a gentle lemon color with a more saturated palette in the middle.
  2. Bransky Plum. Shrubs up to 70 cm with rich pink flowers with a crimson core.
  3. Branroyal Yellow. At the peak of flowering the leaves are completely hidden under large yellow flowers resembling a ball.
  4. Branbeach Orange. Flowering bushes begins earlier than other varieties - from mid-August. Flowers rich orange color tightly arranged on the stems of the bush, covering the leaves.
  5. Brandove White. Flowers, resembling pompons, have a two-tone color: the middle of their yellow-green, and the edges are white.
  6. Branchili. Low bushes with red non-large flowers.

Plants winter well, but require shelter. In the northern regions, flowers are dug up for winter and stored in a basement in a pot with peat.

Chrysanthemum multiflora: the nuances of growing

The plant is unpretentious and easy to clean. At the same time, due to the fact that it is necessary to know some features of chrysanthemums and take them into account when growing, an uninformed florist, ignoring them, risks losing the plant.

The main requirement is the shelter of flowers even in the south, if the winter is not snowy, and the temperature drops to -15 and lower by more than 2-3 days per season.

You should also take into account the fact that the chrysanthemum can not be planted near fences and walls, due to the fact that the fence violates the equivalent lighting, which does not allow the plant to form a regular spherical bush.

Soil and site preparation

The chrysanthemum needs intensive illumination, and therefore it should be planted on a sunny plot, which is not obscured even in the evening hours. If the flower lacks light, then the spherical shape of the bush does not get. It will fall apart.

The soil for chrysanthemum needs to be moisture-permeable, as the bushes need a lot of water. It should also be light and nutritious. The optimum composition is peat mixed with turfy ground and sand in equal quantities. This mixture needs to be filled in the pit into which the plant will be planted. It is unacceptable to use pure peat, as it dries out too quickly.

How and when to plant?

In the middle zone of the bushes planted in open ground in the first days of May. In the south, planting dates are shifted by a month, and chrysanthemums are planted in early April. In the northern regions, the plant should be planted in a spacious pot, since in winter it will have to be taken from the street for storage in the basement. Take out the chrysanthemum on the street from the middle of May.

Planting bushes in open ground, you must strictly observe the distance. You can not plant them closer than 40 cm from each other.

The pit before planting is filled with soil composition, to which is added a complex fertilizer of long duration. Then you need to pour 3 liters of water into it. After that, chrysanthemum is planted, carefully spreading its roots. It is unacceptable that they were turned up. Deepen the plant into the soil to the first leaves. 2-3 weeks after planting, these leaves will die off, which is considered normal.

When growing chrysanthemum multiflora in a pot, the same soil composition is used as for filling holes. You can also use the finished soil for flowering ornamental plants.

The first days after planting flowers need high humidity, and for this they should be covered with a glass or plastic cap.

Planting in open ground

The place on which it is planned to plant the plants, choose the sun, as the plants grown in the shade do not form the necessary spherical shape of the bush. The site for planting is prepared in the fall, for this a large amount of humus and ashes are introduced into the soil, and dug up. Immediately before planting the area is re-dig. It is not recommended to grow chrysanthemums for more than 2 years in one place, therefore, every 3 years the plant is transplanted.

Young plants grown from cuttings are planted in the ground upon the occurrence of favorable conditions, beginning in late April. The distance between the bushes is calculated depending on the variety of chrysanthemums and the expected size of the bush. Middle-grown varieties have a ball diameter up to 50 cm, vigorous - from 50 cm and above. The size of the plant depends not only on the variety, but also on when the cutting began to be grown. With early March cutting, the largest bush will grow, but it has to be grown for the longest time in greenhouse conditions. Cutting in late April-early May gives the strongest medium-sized bushes. June and later cuttings give medium or small bushes, some can reach a height of only 20 cm, but despite this, they will still get the correct shape during the development and bloom.

An adult plant is purchased in a container in the second half of the summer. Planted in the ground, or continue to grow in a container, placing in a sunny place. Chrysanthemums tolerate transplanting well, but in summer it is advisable to plant the plant so as not to damage the roots and the formed bush, then it will please you with a beautiful abundant flowering. When planting chrysanthemum plentifully watered.

Planting in containers and pots

If the transplant occurs in the reverse order, that is, from the soil to the pot, then it is worth considering some of the features. As a rule, chrysanthemums are planted in pots either for subsequent sale, or to decorate a specific place on a plot or balcony. Transplanting into pots during flowering is carried out only when the third part of the buds opens, in which case the procedure will not affect flowering. The pot should be at least 25 cm high, 18-25 cm in diameter, only then the root system of the plant will feel comfortable. The size of the pot depends on the growing power of the cultivated variety. Any fertile substrate is suitable as a potting soil, but not too light, as it dries quickly.

Care for Chrysanthemum Multiflora in the fall. Preparing for the winter

Chrysanthemum multiflora at home on the street does not hibernate. This variety is not frost resistant. That is why do not even think about leaving it for the winter in the open field. You have two ways to organize wintering:

  • transfer to the pot,
  • room in the cellar.

Before digging chrysanthemum for the winter, it is necessary to feed it with potash and phosphate fertilizers. This will give her strength for wintering.

From the end of August, chrysanthemum cannot be fertilized with nitrogen, as it provokes active flower growth. As a result, you get a huge bushes, which may not even be buds. In addition, for the winter such a flower will not be prepared.

Also for the winter you need to cut the chrysanthemum. First of all, remove all diseased, dry and yellow stems. They are breeding grounds for diseases and provide a breeding ground for fungi and pests. In winter, you do not need it.

To save in the cellar, you need to dig up spherical chrysanthemum, put it in a box and sprinkle the roots with earth. As such, the plant will persist until spring.

Do not water the chrysanthemum in the cellar. Having received moisture, it will give shoots that will die from a lack of light. All this will weaken the plant and can provoke its death.

A flower transplanted to a pot should be kept in a shade and cool place.

How to fertilize chrysanthemum

Multiflora does not require highly fertile soils, but the main make-up components are necessary, because when they are deficient, growth and development of buds are slowed down, and iron chlorosis of the leaves occurs (yellowing). If the soil was well fed in advance, then after 20 days after planting, you need one additional fertilizer with nitrogenous fertilizers. After the seedling enters the phase of bud formation, fertilizers that contain potassium and phosphorus can be fertilized.

They contribute to abundant, long-term flowering and bright color. Also for these purposes, suitable humus and mullein. If the chrysanthemum is affected by pests, most often it is aphid, tick, slug, caterpillar, treat it with an appropriate pesticide. Important! Water multiflora dressing need only under the root. In contact with the leaves, mineral fertilizers cause burns. Excess fertilizer leads to fattening bushes.

Watering plants

The flower is distinguished by a special moisture-loving, so regular and abundant watering is the key to the proper development of the plant. If even for a short time to dry the chrysanthemum, it will negatively affect its growth.

The intervals between watering depend on the weather. In the heat, in the absence of rain, chrysanthemums are poured on a daily basis: early in the morning or late in the evening, so that the leaves do not burn the leaves due to sunlight.

In rainy weather, watering flowers is not required if the soil gets wet to a depth of 5 centimeters or more. If the moisture is present at a lower depth, it is necessary to moisten the soil around the plant abundantly.

Leaving after flowering

After the plants have faded, what happens at the end of October - beginning of November, it is necessary to cut off the aerial part, leaving only 10 cm of the stem above the ground. Without this pruning in the spring will not be formed enough new shoots that provide an attractive view of the bush.

Since in autumn chrysanthemums are often affected by powdery mildew, after pruning, it is necessary to spray the left petioles with a composition containing copper.

For the winter, the plants should be covered with pine spruce branches and then covered with humus. This will be enough so that the bush does not become extinct, and also does not dry out.

Diseases and pests

Chrysanthemums are subject to fungal diseases such as verticillary wilt, powdery mildew, rust, gray mold. Under adverse weather conditions, rainy weather, preventive treatment with fungicides for fungal diseases is carried out. The cause of the disease is often improper care, excessively thickened planting. With timely detection of the disease are treatable.

Sometimes chrysanthemums suffer from mosaic, aspermia. Plants affected by viral diseases are subject to destruction, and the site is treated with formalin. The next few years in this area chrysanthemums are not planted to avoid relapse.

Insect pests found on chrysanthemums: mites, caterpillars, slugs, aphids. When insects are found, the plants are treated with insecticides; from slugs, the soil under bushes is sprinkled with preparations against slugs according to the instructions.

Growing seedlings from seed

Prepared for seedlings boxes. At the bottom of a layer of sand poured or expanded clay for drainage, then fall asleep with a layer of soil. It is better to use the purchased soil for seedlings, as it has already been treated for diseases. If the soil is prepared at home, then it is frozen before use. The soil mixture is prepared from 50% sod land, 30% humus and 20% sand.
Sowing on seedlings produced in February and March. Chrysanthemum multiflora seeds are sprinkled on moist soil and covered with plastic wrap to create greenhouse conditions. The optimum temperature for germinating seeds is + 23-25 ​​° C. The soil is periodically moistened, the room with the seedlings is aired. After the appearance of the first leaflets seedlings dive. Young chrysanthemums are fed twice a month with nitrogen fertilizers, with early sowing provide additional coverage to increase the length of daylight. Ready seedlings have a strong stalk height of 15-20 cm and a well-developed root system.

Cuttings

The easiest and most common method of chrysanthemum breeding is to grow chrysanthemum multiflora from a cutting. The cuttings of the plant fully carry all the properties of the mother plant, such as the color, shape and size of the bush. It is enough to take a couple of cuttings of the sort of interest to grow a new varietal flower for yourself.

Pre-prepare the container for seedlings. At the bottom of the container poured a bucket of sand. Since chrysanthemums are picky plants, the sand can not be ignited. Then they prepare the soil, for this they mix a bucket of peat, a bucket of soil and half a bucket of sand. Large shriveled pieces of soil and plant residues are removed. Pour the resulting soil on a layer of sand in a container, and mulch the surface with calcined sand. The layer of soil for growing cuttings should be at least 12 cm. If you plan to grow only a few plants, the cuttings are rooted in peat tablets or in separate pots.

Cuttings of chrysanthemum multiflora cut from the mother plant, starting in March. The size of the finished cutting is 10 cm, the lower leaves are removed. Ready cuttings are kept in the root solution for a day and stuck into the prepared soil at a distance of 8-10 cm from each other. Do not place the cuttings too closely, the rooting rate of the cuttings is high, and they begin to grow rather quickly. The box with seedlings is kept in a warm room or greenhouse with high humidity for 10-15 days, during which time the cuttings have time to take root. Young plants are planted in separate cups, pots or planted in the ground. Saplings of chrysanthemum multiflora pinch after 7-8 leaves, so that they grow a beautiful spherical shape.

Dividing bush

To obtain several new plants from a grown-up adult plant, it is possible to divide a mother bush. To do this, dig the plant, divide its root system into several parts, then cut or pinch the shoots and planted. When planting plentifully watered and applied organic fertilizer.

This method of reproduction is less advantageous in comparison with cuttings, since it is not always possible to grow a spherical bush in the first year in the first year. In addition, grafting allows you to get more new plants per season.

A transplant into a pot plant is needed if you plan to put a flower in the winter for storage in the basement. Such wintering of chrysanthemum requires regular monitoring of soil moisture so that it does not dry out. Dig a flower after cutting the aerial parts. You can not shake the earthen clod from the roots, as this will lead to their injury.

Varieties and varieties with photos

Multiflora varieties are huge. They all differ from each other by flowering time, size, shape of flowers and color.

In early varieties flowering begins in August. These include:

Amor Dark Pink - chrysanthemum with pink flowers 4 cm,

Sunbeam Corall - medium-sized plant (bush up to 40 cm) with flowers of coral shade,

Meridian Dar - small-flowered variety with burgundy buds of 3 cm,

Branbeach White - medium bush (up to 50 cm) with double white flowers (7 cm in diameter),

Branbeach Sunny - differs from the previous variety only in flowers - they are round (4-5 cm in diameter), with an open core, of a yellow shade.

Mid-flowered varieties bloom in September:

Branroyal Yellow - tall shrub with yellow flowers,

Branchili is a medium-sized shrub with 4 cm brown flowers,

San Remo Runner is a medium-sized chrysanthemum with a lot of flowers of 5 cm each, which are distinguished by their two-color (red-purple petals with white or light pink tips),

Branbeach Orange - grows up to 50 cm, blooms with orange flowers,

Branindio - the flowers of this variety are yellow or light brown, and the buds before the opening of the orange shade, which gives the feeling of a two-color bush,

Branstorm - different spectacular red flowers.

Among the late-flowering varieties can be distinguished:

Pepita - looks like daisies, with white petals and a yellow center,

Button Rose - lots of small pink flowers make the bush look like a pink ball,

Staviski White - grows up to 50 cm and stands out with soft white flowers.

There are a lot of varieties of spherical chrysanthemum. They are not suitable for cutting and making bouquets. It is better to plant them in the garden, or choose varieties for growing at home.

How to grow in open ground

Multiflora is a capricious flower difficult to call, but still it needs certain conditions. Without compliance with certain rules, the experience of growing can be deplorable.

Spherical chrysanthemum - light-loving flower. It should be planted on a spacious and open place where there is a lot of sun, because light is one of the main components of successful development and growth.

It is not recommended to plant near the house, hedge or under the tree crown, so as not to interfere with the formation of the correct shape of the ball.

Temperature and humidity

When landing, the air should not be below +18 o C. Such a temperature and high humidity will contribute to the fastest rooting after landing in the ground.

For the growth and well-being of the bush requires an average level of humidity (about 50%). When forming buds, the air should be 20-25 o C during the daytime and 15-20 o C at night. During flowering, which occurs in the fall, the temperature should not be below 10 o C.

For the winter, multiflora is recommended to be removed to a cool dark place with a temperature not lower than 0 ° C. The basement or cellar will work perfectly. Зимовка в грунте будет уместна только в южных теплых регионах, не забыв укрыть куст от вымерзания и попадания света. Когда снег начнет таять, укрытие нужно будет убрать.

Шаровидная хризантема любит влажную почву, поэтому стоит выбирать легкую, рыхлую, слабокислую и водопроницаемую почвенную смесь.

The substrate should be composed of peat, humus and coarse sand. Adding chicken manure and compost will do.

The classic composition for chrysanthemum is:

  • Garden land - 4 parts,
  • Sodland - 4 parts,
  • Sand - 1 part,
  • Humus - 1 part.

How to land in the ground

  • Dig up the soil, remove all the weeds,
  • Make holes, keeping between them a distance of 40-50 cm,
  • Pour water into the well and put the prepared soil mixture together with fertilizers,
  • Plant cuttings to a depth of 2-3 cm,
  • If necessary, the lower leaves can be removed.

Important! After the appearance of 2-3 pairs of new leaves, pin the top. This will contribute to the formation of spherical shape.

How to care

Experienced flower growers remind you that all chrysanthemums love, but you need to be careful with feeding.

For chrysanthemum requires abundant watering - this is one of the main requirements of the plant. Any lack of moisture, even short-term, can adversely affect the development of the bush. The amount of water will depend on weather conditions. In the heat of watering should be frequent, and in rainy weather it is not required. Be sure to loosen the soil.

Multiflora does not like highly fertile soil, but the main nutrients in the soil should be contained. Their deficiency can affect the bud formation, and the leaves will begin to turn yellow.

If the multiflora is planted in the already energized soil, after 3 weeks it is only necessary to apply nitrogen fertilizer. When the buds begin to form on the bush, fertilize with phosphorus and potassium. They will help in abundant, long and bright bloom. Also suitable for this mullein and humus.

Do I need pruning?

We have already said that chrysanthemum multiflora bushes easily form a crown on their own. But you can slightly pinch the tops. So flower growers get the opportunity to form a bush at their discretion.

  • The event should be held in early summer. First, pinch the main shoots, then side. But staving this variety does not tolerate.
  • It is necessary to carry out regular removal of fading flowers. This makes the plant more attractive, prolonging flowering. Regularly need to remove contaminated and damaged leaves. Old leaves must also be removed so as not to cause infection of the plant.
  • High chrysanthemums are best tied up in time to the supports, so that fragile shoots do not break off.
  • Perennial flowers before the shelter must cut, but not much. Hemp should stay about 10 centimeters.

How to loosen the soil

Around the bushes of chrysanthemums need to regularly remove weeds. After this, a slight loosening of the soil is carried out. You need to be careful not to damage the roots.

In the period of active growth is loosening and mulching. The event needs to be planned for early summer. The layer of mulch should be about 8 cm, from peat or humus. Potted chrysanthemums also need to loosen, doing it twice in the summer.

How to feed multiflora

Regular fertilizing chrysanthemums are also needed. Annual plants are fed frequently, once every two weeks.

Perennial feeding is carried out three times over the summer:

  1. In the spring, before budding begins. Suitable mineral fertilizers with a high nitrogen content.
  2. During budding. Use fertilizers for flowers, as well as potash-phosphorus fertilizers.
  3. A couple of weeks after the blooming of the first buds. During this period fertilizers are applied with phosphorus and potassium.

Growth factors are suitable for multiflora. To do this, they are sprayed with an accelerator solution.

Spherical chrysanthemums: how to save in winter

Plants need protection before winter. Hilling is most commonly used, using sawdust, as well as mulching.

When a constant night temperature is established, pruning is carried out. This usually happens in November. After pruning, the ground around the bushes is mulched, and a layer of dry materials and leaves is applied on top. The height of the dry layer should be about 30 cm.

If you have planted varieties of chrysanthemums that can not tolerate frost, or the gardener does not know which varieties grow on the site, you need to plant flowers in the fall in pots or containers. All the leaves are removed from the plants, then they are broken in and they are planted in the pot along with the earth. For winter storage fit a cool place with a temperature of about +5 degrees. When the bushes begin to grow again, they will sprout, it is necessary to raise the temperature, start watering.

Top dressing and fertilizer

If you do not feed the plants, they will turn yellow and will not give abundant flowering. The first feeding is carried out with nitrogen fertilizer 20 days after planting. The second dressing is necessary at the stage of budding, and potash-phosphorus composition is used for it. You can also apply a solution of bird droppings in water, prepared in a ratio of 1:20 in the second dressing.

All dressings should be carried out only at the root. If fertilizers hit the leaves, you need to immediately wash them off with clean water.

Propagation of spherical chrysanthemum

The easiest way to plant chrysanthemum by dividing the root. To this end, an adult plant is dug out of the ground and a shoot is carefully separated from it with part of the root. After that, the bush is planted back to its place. The division should be carried out only in April.

It is also possible to breed chrysanthemum multiflora and cuttings. To this end, the bush, from which it is planned to take breeding material, is brought into heat in March. He also needs intensive lighting and daylight for at least 14 hours. After the shoots grow to 10-15 cm, they are cut and planted in wet sand. Rooting requires greenhouse conditions, and therefore it is necessary to cover the cuttings with banks. If everything goes well, then in the fall it will be possible to get high-quality bushes of the correct spherical shape.

Most often chrysanthemum attack:

  • caterpillars are removed mechanically or by spraying the bushes with a solution of soap and wood ash. Perhaps the use of means "spark"
  • aphid - is destroyed with the help of metronidazole tablets dissolved in water (1 tablet per glass of water) or laundry soap,
  • spider mite - for deliverance, it is enough just to water the plants daily so that all its leaves are well wetted.

Spherical chrysanthemum multiflora will give the autumn garden a variety of colors and luxuriously complete the garden season.

Multiflora is a popular variety of chrysanthemum. Its distinctive feature is an unusual spherical shape and numerous miniature flowers, which cover the tops of bright bushes with a solid carpet.

Appearance

Chrysanthemum is a genus of annuals and perennials of the Astrov family. Among the large number of species and varieties of this plant spherical species with small flowers occupy a special place. Perennial beauties attract the eye first of all with its shape. Ball-like chrysanthemum multiflora bushes have a very attractive appearance, and most importantly, they do not require special shaping. There are babies with a crown diameter of about 20 cm and giants that reach a height of more than 80 cm.

The flowering period is also different. The first early-flowering varieties of multiflora begin to delight with various shades of petals in August, and later blooms in open ground before the onset of frost. Small-flowered chrysanthemums surprise with various shades of white, yellow, orange, red, pink, crimson, cream, plum and brown color.

Breeding methods

Beautiful bushes of multiflora chrysanthemum can be obtained using different methods.

This method does not require additional efforts. They usually divide in spring. The expanded mother liquor is excavated and divided with a sharp disinfected knife. Each delenka should have their own roots and shoots. Received young specimens are planted separately and watered abundantly. In the first year to grow a bush in the form of the correct ball usually fails, but in the future the flower takes on the desired shape.

  • Growing seedlings from seed

Soil for seedlings is better to use the purchase, good quality. You can prepare the soil yourself on the basis of sod land, sand and humus in a ratio of 5: 2: 3 (it is frozen before use). Sowing is carried out in February or March. Seeds are scattered on the surface of the wet soil, lightly sprinkled with sand and covered with plastic wrap. Capacity is transferred to a room with a temperature of about +24 degrees. Regularly air and water landing. Carry out a picking when the first leaflets appear on the seedlings. When the weather is cloudy and early sowing, the planking of plantations is organized, increasing the daylight hours by several hours. At the time of planting in open ground, seedlings reach a height of about 15-20 cm and have a strong root system.

A layer of sand is placed on the bottom of the prepared container. For soil connect the garden soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. The ingredients are mixed and then poured onto the sand with a layer of at least 12 cm.

Cuttings harvested from the beginning of March. Cut off the shoots about 10 cm long, remove the lower leaves on them and place them for a day in the “Kornevina” solution. Future seedlings are placed in the ground at a distance of about 9 cm from each other. Planting does not thicken, as the survival rate of plants is high and they grow quickly enough. The seedling box is covered with a film and transferred to a warm place. Young plants take root in a couple of weeks, after which they are seated in separate containers. Multiflora seedlings need to pinch after the appearance of the 7-8th leaf, so that they form a beautiful spherical shape.

It should be noted that the propagation of seeds does not preserve the varietal characteristics of the plant. When grafting and dividing the bush, all the properties of the queen cell are not lost, therefore these methods are used to reproduce valuable and rare varieties of chrysanthemum multiflora.

Features of growing

Care for spherical chrysanthemum is not difficult.

Plot under multiflora choose closed from strong winds, without drafts and as light as possible.

In open ground, chrysanthemum multiflora is planted in April-May, depending on the growing region. The plot is pre-free from weeds and dig. Fertilizing plant when planting is necessary only on depleted sandy soils. The size of the hole is prepared depending on the type and size of the plant. Trying to land on an overcast day. In the landing fossa well straighten the roots, gradually fill the hole with soil. Lightly compacted earth and watered abundantly. When buying a chrysanthemum in a pot, they carry out a careful transfer of a flower.

The plant will enjoy loose soil with good air and water permeability. Sand is added to the heavy and dense soil, and the soil is fertilized with organic matter.

Chrysanthemum loves water. The frequency of humidification regulate depending on weather conditions. In the period of budding watering should be plentiful, if there is no rain. On average, they irrigate once a week during the period of active development; in dry and hot weather, the number of irrigations increases. They do not sprinkle, they pour water under the plant root: a sunburn or decay may appear from the droplets of moisture on the velvety leaves.

If the plant is grown in a pot or container, you need to water more often: in a small amount the earth dries out faster, and water starvation cannot be allowed - this negatively affects the appearance and health of the chrysanthemum.

With a lack of nutrition, leaf chlorosis can be observed, growth slows down, the number of peduncles decreases. Excess fertilizer leads to "fattening": the bushes grow a green mass well, but bloom poorly. Also, excess organics provoke the appearance of aphids.

Organic fertilizing is carried out once per season, at the beginning of the growing season. You can use rotted manure or fermented infusion of bird droppings. During the budding period, fertilizers based on potassium and magnesium are used.

The flower is cultivated in one area for no more than three years. After that, it is desirable to dig, divide and plant new bushes in another place. If the chrysanthemum multiflora does not change the place of residence for a long time, then it gradually degenerates and loses its unique shape.

After flowering, you must wait until the flowers dry out. This will give the opportunity to form points of growth next year. After that, trimming is carried out at a level of 15-20 cm above the ground surface. Premature haircut can trigger the growth of dormant buds, which has a negative effect on the health of the chrysanthemum.

Chrysanthemum multiflora: planting and care, cultivation in open ground

Chrysanthemum multiflora, blooming in the autumn, when other flowers become less, can decorate any garden with elegant lush bushes and please with a variety of varieties. The ideal spherical shape of the plant and a rich palette of colors allow you to create beautiful compositions. Caring for chrysanthemum is not difficult, but requires compliance with certain rules.

Spherical chrysanthemums: features of growing and care

All the secrets of chrysanthemum spherical, its cultivation and care will not take much time and effort. These wonderful plants bloom early, they are unpretentious and give your garden an unusual look.

Chrysanthemum globose or Chrysanthemum Multiflora is a relatively recently bred hybrid. Its height is about 50 cm and amazes observers with its bizarre form.

The fact is that the inflorescences take the form of a regular ball and almost do not require pruning. The foliage is not visible at all, which means wonderful flower balls will appear in your garden.

In addition, they are unpretentious in care and can please the eye for 3 whole months: from August to October.

Chrysanthemum species

Separate several types of plants. Due to the fact that there are several varieties in growth and periods of flowering, they remain so popular. Divide undersized, medium tall and tall chrysanthemums.

The first reach about 20-30 cm in height, the second 30-40, and the last 60-70 cm. The most common are medium-sized plants because of their moderate flowering and the ability to plant in completely different places.

But undersized can decorate the garden, flower beds, loggia, rooms and any room.

Also distinguish Chrysanthemum Multiflora by flowering period. Early flowering bloom in August, mid-flowering in September, and late flowering chrysanthemums in the last days of September and October. With the right selection of different species, you can ensure a blooming flower bed all the time from summer to the onset of cold weather.

Growing chrysanthemums

Growing chrysanthemums can occur both in pots and in open ground. If you decide to plant this plant, then it is worth remembering a few important features of chrysanthemum multiflora during planting and care:

  1. The first important lighting. If the bush is planted on a sunny plot, it can prevent late and short-term flowering, as well as protect against the growth of long shoots.
  2. The soil should be mixed with compost or humus to improve its fertility. It should be light and loose. But you should not overdo it too - chrysanthemums can grow and bloom a little.
  3. It is necessary to plant Multiflora chrysanthemums on cloudy non-sunny days, in summer - in the early morning or in the evening. The dug hole is watered first, then the drainage is laid, and then the soil. It is not worth planting a chrysanthemum too deeply, since its root system is shallow, a hole of approximately 40 cm will be sufficient.
  4. After planting, the plant is pinned. He has a growing point removed. The second pinching is done after 20 days, the shoot is removed and a pair of nodes. Some argue that the shape of the ball in the plant is laid genetically, so pinching should be done only once, and the chrysanthemum will take on the desired shape on its own. Here each gardener decides on his own, but it is worth remembering that additional nipping to the plant does not harm. In the first days, the spherical chrysanthemum needs shelter from the sun. Nonwoven fabrics are used that will not touch the leaves of the plant.

Chrysanthemum storage in winter

If you have spherical chrysanthemums, how to keep them in winter is the only thing that requires increased attention and strength. If many varieties of chrysanthemums can safely winter in open soil, Microflora is not capable of this.

It can endure the winter only in the southern warm climate, where the temperature does not drop much lower than 0. In most regions of Russia, they need to be dug up in the fall before the onset of severe frosts.

And so that they stand and please the eye longer, in the evening they should be covered with polyethylene, especially if low temperatures are expected at night.

Digging up chrysanthemums should be started before a cold snap, when the upper part has dried up, which means that the bush has retired. To do this, you first need to cut its stems, and the roots placed in a box with the ground, sawdust or sand. These boxes are stored in dark places with a recommended temperature of -3 to +5 C.

Cellars will do, but if they are not available, then the space in the refrigerators allotted for vegetables will also come down. Land should not be too wet or dry. In late April, the plant wakes up when it is exposed to the sun and warm without any shelter.

And if the soil warms up, it can be safely planted again.

Even if plants grow in a room and are cultivated indoors, they also need extra winter care. Для хризантем будет губителен пересушенный воздух квартир, поэтому их тоже нужно обрезать и поместить в подвал.

Но проследите, чтобы в нем не было грибков и плесени.

Заранее проверьте вентиляцию и воздуховоды, а если на полу или любой поверхности есть следы грибка, их нужно убрать, а это место промыть раствором медного купороса или же уже отработанным машинным маслом, чтобы предотвратить гибель цветов.

Plant reproduction

The best way to reproduce spherical chrysanthemums is to reproduce by separating the rhizomes, because they do not retain varietal characteristics when planted with seeds.

A few years later the plant has thick shoots and stops in development, and therefore loses its decorative effect. This means it's time to update it. The right time for this is spring, when the bush is ready for planting.

To do this, divide the leaflets that appear into several identical parts. Place the cut immediately sprinkled with ash, so as not to get contamination of chrysanthemums.

And if you need several shoots at once, then grafting is suitable for this. Before the plant goes color, it is necessary to cut off the densest branches and lower it into settled water or wet sand.

After a few days, such cuttings form new roots and can be transplanted into fertile soil. Thus Multiflora multiplies well. It can be transplanted in summer and early autumn.

It is only important to give her time to take root in the soil before the first temperature drops. Or immediately prepare the plants in the house in special pots or pots.

The advantages of spherical chrysanthemum

Multiflora is a favorite of many gardeners for many reasons. It is used in many areas of horticulture and landscape design due to the relative ease of care and simplicity. But besides, they are very easy to combine with different colors and look advantageous in almost any flowerbed.

But still it is worth remembering that tall chrysanthemums will look better with neighbors of the same size, and undersized with smaller plants.

But each flowerbed is a place for experiments! Confident gardeners can try to plant a line of chrysanthemums to grow one after another, exposing smaller species in advance, or experiment in shades, creating gradients.

Favorable looks Multiflora with evergreen trees. The rounded ball smooths out the forms of prickly plants, gives a unique vitality and makes the view more interesting.

Low-growing chrysanthemums can be used to delineate the boundaries of a particular area, beds, roads or borders.

But as for the color of plants, which is about 4,000, here fantasy and the desire to transform the plot come into play. The winning will be the composition of bright green grass and white or yellow shades.

Do not be afraid of the neighborhood and different types of flowers - bright chrysanthemums will be well combined with any of the planted plants.

And in the autumn, you will enjoy the Multiflora of late flowering of saturated scarlet, pink flowers. When most species have faded and are about to winter, the riot of colors of such chrysanthemums will not be overlooked.

If you use them for flowering on the balcony, as a home flower, then perhaps not every bush will bloom so vigorously because of the small space allotted to it.

As you can see, caring for chrysanthemums is not so expensive and difficult. One has only to adhere to the main rules and not to forget some nuances - and your garden or balcony will be provided with a beautiful and long flowering of a delightful flower.

How to grow chrysanthemum varieties multiflora?

Today, among gardeners and flower lovers, a new type of chrysanthemum is very popular. Chrysanthemum multiflora, planting and caring for which have their own characteristics, is not whimsical at all. It can truly be a decoration of any garden or park area. It is attractive for its abundant flowering and spherical shape.

Shrubs of this breed during the flowering period are richly covered with flowers, depending on the variety, buds can be both small and medium or large sizes.

The spherical view of the bush, entirely covered with bright flowers with great pleasure and quite diverse use of landscape designers in their works.

Chrysanthemum multiflora has a fairly wide range of colors, the flowers can be white, purple, blue, red, plum, orange. This species has almost the entire color spectrum.

It is necessary to take into account that this group of flowers has a wide variety of varieties. There is even the smallest species, it is a dwarf bush of chrysanthemum. In general, he is no different from his big relatives and is not inferior to them in beauty.

Their main bloom falls on September. But they also love multiflora for the fact that it blooms early and gives the opportunity to admire its beauty even before the frost.

With the correct location of the plant, namely on the east and west side, the bushes will be able to bloom by the end of August.

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Today, among gardeners and flower lovers, a new type of chrysanthemum is very popular. Chrysanthemum multiflora, planting and caring for which have their own characteristics, is not whimsical at all. It can truly be a decoration of any garden or park area. It is attractive for its abundant flowering and spherical shape.

Shrubs of this breed during the flowering period are richly covered with flowers, depending on the variety, buds can be both small and medium or large sizes.

The spherical view of the bush, entirely covered with bright flowers with great pleasure and quite diverse use of landscape designers in their works.

Chrysanthemum multiflora has a fairly wide range of colors, the flowers can be white, purple, blue, red, plum, orange. This species has almost the entire color spectrum.

It is necessary to take into account that this group of flowers has a wide variety of varieties. There is even the smallest species, it is a dwarf bush of chrysanthemum. In general, he is no different from his big relatives and is not inferior to them in beauty.

Their main bloom falls on September. But they also love multiflora for the fact that it blooms early and gives the opportunity to admire its beauty even before the frost.

With the correct location of the plant, namely on the east and west side, the bushes will be able to bloom by the end of August.

Care features

Gardeners grow this breed in pots or special containers in order to transplant it into open ground. Spherical chrysanthemums are now very popular, they can be purchased in special nurseries or flower shops.

Many will present them as a gift option and that is why their cost is quite high. By sight, a small bush in a pot not more than 25 cm high resembles a houseplant, but for development and lush flowering it will need to be transplanted into the ground.

Indoors, this variety dies, even if it is planted in large pots. This is due to the peculiarities of the wintering of this chrysanthemum.

Cultivation and care of this variety requires some knowledge regarding the time of planting young cuttings, watering and wintering conditions.

If you do not follow the necessary rules in the care of the plant will not be able to develop and eventually stop its growth and flowering.

But with all this, the multiflora chrysanthemum makes it easier for its owners to work; it is unique for its genetics, which allows it to always have a spherical shape without staking and shaping.

Even from a cutting planted in open ground with one shoot, with proper care, a beautiful spherical bush will grow. But the landing site must be chosen correctly.

Planting flower

For planting young cuttings, it is worth choosing an open, dark place so that near there are no trees and high fences that create a shadow. Very fond of this variety of light. In addition, the multiflora does not like highly moist soil, for it is ideally suited for elevated drainage space.

Planted young bushes in a pre-prepared soil. Initially, they dig up the soil and add a little soddy soil and drainage, and for better adoption of the plant it is necessary to fertilize the soil.

Chrysanthemums are planted in early spring; in April, most gardeners are trying to plant spherical chrysanthemums.

It is believed that this variety of flowers can tolerate small sudden frosts. In case of such undesirable changes in the weather, the plant will be sufficient to cover the night with a bucket or other container.

After a long hibernation, the plant must be awakened. To do this, a few days before planting in the open ground, the mother liquor is placed in a container with water and then placed on a window with good lighting.

This is done so that the growth went buds.

Many experts recommend breeding before planting, dividing the queen tree into several bushes, but so that each has at least one shoot and this will be enough to grow beautiful spherical bushes. The landing is better to carry out in cloudy weather and in the morning to avoid burns on young leaves.

The root system should be carefully laid out in different directions and to avoid bends, they should all be directed downwards. It is necessary to take into account that the plant will gain strength over time and will grow and expand. In order that the bushes do not interfere with each other and do not deform the shape, it is necessary to maintain a certain distance between them when planting, it is at least 60 cm from each other.

The plant does not need excessive fertilizing.

General recommendations

In the first half of the day, it is necessary to water the shrub only under the root system and exclusively defended water. Poor tolerance of this variety in the cool time of the day and cold water. It is also not worth much to flood the soil, so as not to overwet the soil. Most gardeners recommend watering chrysanthemum occasionally and in dry weather.

It is necessary to fertilize a plant 1-2 times a month. The very first top dressing is made after 2 weeks from disembarkation, and only if the plant has already begun its growth. Fertilizers are based on potash and magnesium supplements, which need to be reduced over time.

In general, there are no difficulties in caring for this type of chrysanthemum, the main thing is to properly maintain it in the winter and properly land it in the ground.

As it has already become clear, this variety cannot be propagated by seeds, this is done by dividing the rhizome into several bushes with shoots.

The chrysanthemum will begin to delight in its lush flowering at the end of summer and will delight the flesh with its beauty until the end of October. Once the plant has faded, it is necessary to cut off the aerial part. This procedure will allow to stimulate the emergence of new basal shoots for the future.

Wintering conditions

Depending on the climatic conditions of the area on which the plant grows, wintering can be carried out on the open ground. The bush must be warmed with straw and sawdust.

Varieties of chrysanthemums, wintering in the open field, do not require enhanced wrap polyethylene and other types of insulation.

For them, a fairly moderate shelter and timely disclosure in the spring from the time of melting snow.

Otherwise, excessive moisture and evaporation can cause the root system to heat up. But in the case of severe weather conditions, as well as in regions with strong frosts, the plant must be dug out, dried the root system, removed the remnants of the earth and placed in containers with sawdust. After which the containers are lowered into the cellar.

It is worth saying that for a safe wintering these plants need a complete absence of light. But even during the wintering period, the rhizome cannot be left without attention, it is necessary to ensure that there is no excessively damp in the container or, on the contrary, to prevent the roots from drying out.

In the case of drying of the roots in the container, you can add a little melting snow to slightly moisten the mother liquor.

Some gardeners prefer to keep the mother liquor even in refrigerators, but in this case, the rhizome should be well wound into paper and to prevent freezing of the processes.

This plant will be an incredible decoration of the landscape at home or in the country. Do not be afraid of the difficulties in growing this species. The task is to properly land in the ground and properly store the root system in the winter.

Otherwise, this flower is not whimsical and difficult to care for.

Spherical chrysanthemum, the cultivation of which will bring only pleasure and joy, with its lush flowering and play of colors will only confirm that it is not without reason that they are called the Queen of Autumn.

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Spherical chrysanthemum multiflora in the garden: from planting to care

→ Flowers → Spherical chrysanthemum multiflora in the garden: from planting to care

Chrysanthemum belongs to the Astrov family. Chrysanthemum multiflora or spherical differs from other species of this plant by its short stature, shape and abundance of flowers. Recently, it has become very popular due to the timing of flowering, decoration, a variety of colors and an abundance of flowers.

Structural features

Chrysanthemum multiflora in form resembles a ball, all covered with fairly large flowers. Striking variety of colors and shades. There are more than 4000 of them in total. The plants of this hybrid form the crown themselves.

Chrysanthemums by flowering time are divided into:

  • Early flowering that bloom in August.
  • Mediums, which bloom begins in September.
  • Late flowering period which lasts from September to October.

The height of the chrysanthemum multiflora bush are divided into:

  • Super-tall, 20 cm tall.
  • Sredneroslye, up to 40 cm.
  • Tall, up to 70 cm.

Due to the fact that the bush has the shape of a ball, the height of the bush is equal to its diameter. The height of the bush depends not only on the species, but also on the growing conditions and weather.

Chrysanthemum - a plant that requires short light day for flowering.

It blooms when night and day are almost equal. Hybrid multiflora refers to the early flowering. The first flowers open in August, and ends in bloom in October. In plants that grow in the shade of buildings or fences, flowering may occur earlier. The root system of chrysanthemum is located close to the soil surface. This must be considered when loosening and weeding.

Landing rules

Chrysanthemum multiflora grown in open ground or containers. Grow it in sunny areas. If you plant in the shade, the shoots will stretch, the flowers lose their brightness of color, the flowering time will change.

Features of planting chrysanthemums:

  1. For growing chrysanthemums need loose nutrient soil. But it is impossible to overfeed too much. Excess fertilizer can lead to rapid growth of shoots at the expense of flowering. It is possible to make the soil easier by adding peat and humus to it. Improves its structure making compost. River sand will serve as drainage and protect the plant root system from rotting. The soil should be neutral or slightly acidic.
  2. Planting spherical chrysanthemum, you need to choose the evening or morning hours. Well tolerated transplant chrysanthemum, transplanted in cloudy weather or after rain. Chrysanthemum tolerates light frosts. But for this she needs to have time to take root. Bushes are planted in April, May or early June, after spring frosts. It depends on the climatic conditions. But you need to land as soon as possible.
  3. Dig pits 40 cm deep. The distance between them is not less than 50 cm. Water pits, lay drainage (sand, expanded clay or small pebbles). Prepare a mixture of 20 parts of the soil and one part of the humus. Do not dig the root system.
  4. Low-growing and medium-growing varieties do not require support. Tall tie up using low supports. To do this, when planting in a hole placed rods about 1 m long.
  5. After planting chrysanthemum multiflora should be pritenyat until such time as it takes root and does not go to growth. Use agrofibre or other materials. But they should not touch the leaves of plants.

Chrysanthemum multiflora itself forms a crown in the form of a ball. But in order to make it more magnificent, she needs help. Immediately after planting pinch the growth point. After 3 weeks break the tops of the shoots with several nodes.

Care Tips

To chrysanthemum pleased with its beautiful flowering, gently properly care for her:

  • Chrysanthemum should be regularly watered with rainwater. If there is no rain for a long time, you can use separated water. Watered often, but do not overwet the soil. This watering will help preserve the decorativeness of the bush as long as possible. If the earth combo dries out, it will lead to lignification of the shoots. If the soil remains dry for a long time, the plant may die. Spraying chrysanthemum multiflora is not carried out.
  • Feeding can be done once a season, soon after planting, with nitrogen fertilizers. You can use the infusion of mullein or chicken manure. Некоторые садоводы вносят калий и фосфор. Но делать это нужно до формирования бутонов.
  • После цветения срезают стебли на расстоянии 10 см от земли. Это простимулирует рост молодых побегов. Растение будет более устойчивым к заболеваниям.
  • Недостатком хризантемы мультифлора есть их недостаточная морозоустойчивость. Что, впрочем, характерно для большинства хризантем. Поэтому их лучше высаживать на зиму в вазоны или контейнеры. Put them in a cool room - a veranda, glazed balcony. At the same time, the flowering period will last. Chrysanthemums will please the eye, even in winter, approximately until January. In a warm room, they quickly dry up, losing decorative.
  • After the chrysanthemum has faded, cut the stalks and take out the pots for winter storage. Periodically inspect, checking if the clod of earth is dry in a pot.

For the southern regions is suitable scheme for growing chrysanthemums without digging. It is enough just to cut the stems and cover the bushes with humus or earth. Sometimes cover the cut part of the plant.

But this can not be done if the plant was sick or was hit by pests. In the spring shelter is removed. This must be done on time, during the period of melting snow, otherwise the roots may rot.

Shrub must be seated on several, one or several shoots.

Pests and diseases

The main pest of chrysanthemum multiflora are aphids and spider mites. To prevent damage to the plants regularly watered. Chrysanthemum buds damage the caterpillars and moths. You can fight them by treating Aktar or the biological drug Fitoverm.

To prevent fungal diseases, including powdery mildew, which can spoil the appearance of the plant, the bushes are treated with copper-containing preparations. To prevent root rot, Fitosporin is added to the water for irrigation.

More information can be found in the video:

Characteristic and description of Multiflora

Breeding chrysanthemum has a very long history, the flower first mentions Confucius in the treatise "Spring and Autumn".

In the east, the flower was eaten, used for medical purposes, in perfumery, and only then began to use the decorative properties of the plant.

The Japanese showed a special attitude to the sun flower.who considered him royal. Only members of the imperial family could wear clothes depicting chrysanthemums. The nature of Asia boasts 30 natural types of shrubs.

Multiflora was not bred for cutting, like many other large-flowered Indian chrysanthemums. This species is designed to decorate flowerbeds, has a markedly decorative ball shape, blooms from late August until the first snow.

For planting prefers a sunny, open place.but without drafts. We can not allow the roots of this plant to be flooded, avoid planting on marshy soils.

Chrysanthemum forms a healthy form of the bush only in a sunny place. She is uncomfortable near the trees, even in light penumbra. The oppressed plant will not be able to form a spectacular ball.

Features of spherical chrysanthemum:

Varieties and varieties of curb flower

It is conditionally possible to divide all chrysanthemums into two groups:

  • large-flowered (Indian),
  • small-flowered (Korean).

Multiflora, a bright representative of the Korean group of chrysanthemums, is represented by many interesting varieties, with flowers of various shapes and a wide range of colors.

Consider several varieties adapted to local conditions.

Brandove white

Two-color pompon-shaped flower, light green with white, characteristic of Brandove White varieties, very good for creating compositions with brightly colored varieties.

Brandove White

Undersized Branchili variety the color of hot pepper forms a ball 40 cm high, the diameter of the flower is 4 cm.

These are covering varieties wintering quite successfully.. In the northern regions it is safer to dig a plant, keeping it in a cool dark place.

When planting be sure to consider the size of an adult bush, keep the distance between seedlings at least 50 cm.

Wintering on the ground

Multiflora is a southern plant, therefore it is necessary to cover bushes for the winter. (for example, its dry), or dig up the rhizome, keeping it in the basement until spring.

To keep the curb flower in the open ground (on the ground)In the fall, the bush is cut, shortening up to 15 cm. In October, we mulch the space under the bush with peat, sawdust, and garden humus. A wide layer - 10 cm, do not regret.

Generously cover the root system for the winter. And in November, after the onset of the first cold weather, cover the plant with a spruce branch, or with your own deadwood, an upside down cone. Get a ventilated pyramidal shelter.

Do not rush to cover the bushes too early to prevent diaper rash and rot. Also note that these flowers are very afraid of icing.

Dry chrysanthemum is an excellent covering material, which is useful for gardeners who do not have lapnik.

How to save in winter

The second option is safer, it is better to dig up valuable varieties for the winter. Before the winter period, cut the bush to a height of 10 - 15 cm, remove the cellar (underground). The plant will need to be watered every month.

Either we fall asleep a pot with a plant with sawdust, or with a light primer, slightly moisten the substrate. In winter, periodically check the condition of the bushes.

The main enemy of the dwarf flower during storage in the cellar - fungal diseases, rust and powdery mildew.

What to do in winter with chrysanthemums:

Reproduction, planting rules in the open field

For reproduction of chrysanthemum is better not to cut, and break off the branches. Cuttings can be harvested until flowering.

Break off the twig at 2-3 internodes, remove the leaves and the top. Planted in the wet sand under the can, cuttings rooted in about 2-3 weeks.

Small shoots can be grafted in March (pill or potty). In late April, young plants can be planted in the ground.

For reproduction of chrysanthemum is better not to cut, and break off the branches

Do not add fertilizers when planting. With this you stimulate active growth at the exact moment when the plant needs rest.

Fertilizers will be needed only when planting on poor sandy soils. Be sure to pinch the central sprout after 8 leaflets.

If you bought an already blooming chrysanthemum in a pot, landing is carried out by the method of transshipment, you should not pinch Do not forget to pinch the sprout next year, in the spring.

When planting is very effective drainage technique.: add egg shells to the well. Calcium contained in it will support the growth of the bush for the first 2-3 months, will contribute to its adaptation in the garden, further active budding.

We breed, we multiply spherical chrysanthemums:

Blooming perfect ball - the perfect complement to the autumn landscape, will give a sunny mood to the whole family, resting in the country.

Beautiful Multiflora, the pride of the owner-grower, can successfully bloom in a container on the veranda, or on the balcony.