Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Chernogolovka ordinary: what is this plant?

Chernogolovka - a plant known since antiquity. It was distributed on all continents and was used by many medicine men and healers. Currently, the blackhead, being a wild-growing species, has not lost its popularity and is used to treat many ailments, as it has a wide therapeutic activity, a rich chemical composition and a sufficient raw material base. The Latin name (Prunella vulgaris) can be translated as “burning ember”. Perhaps the name is given because of the similarity of the inflorescence with coal, which is about to fade away.

Characteristic

The plant Chernogolovka ordinary belongs to the family Luminous. The culture is unpretentious, does not require care, grows well in its natural environment, covering the ground with a carpet of greenery with ears of purple color. Its stem is erect, raised, branched. Upper leaves sessile, lower - petiolate.

The inflorescence has an ovate or elongated shape. It consists of false rings, formed from nappy bracts. In each layer there are six flowers. Their double-lipped cups are green or purple. Corollas are usually purple. Inside there are four stamens. The flower is designed so that it protects nectar with a fleecy hedge from small insects, keeping it for pollinating bees.

Chernogolovka - plant-melliferous. It is estimated that up to 90 kg of nectar can be harvested from one hectare. After the pollination is completed, the beaters dry out and fall out, and the bare ears during this period can be compared to miniature corn cobs.

In place of the stamens in each cup, four seed-nuts are formed. But for reproduction in culture it is not advisable to use them. It is much easier to make root layings that take root well, giving numerous shoots.

Growing up, the root system loosens the soil, giving access to oxygen and moisture, contributing to the penetration of beneficial microflora into the thickness of the soil. The flowering season lasts a long time, in some places it starts from the end of spring and can last until a warm autumn.

Spread

Chernogolovka - a plant that is found even in the arctic regions. Confidently grows in Siberia, is present in the Far East and the Caucasus. In China, it is especially common. In the middle and southern part of Europe and in Asia is growing everywhere. You can find it in North Africa and America, in Japan, India, Mongolia, Australia.

You can meet in dry regions, and in wet places, in the plain and in mountainous terrain. It grows on forest edges, meadows, fields, ravines, along the shores of lakes, rivers and marshes. It is considered a weed plant, it can annoy on the treated areas, as it gives self-sowing and aggressively grows.

It can be diluted as a ground cover species or grown for harvesting medicinal raw materials. It prefers penumbra, grows particularly well on mulched soil. Under suitable conditions, the seeds germinate in the same year in August, and by October they already form a leafy rosette. Young plants overwinter well. Not germinated seeds give shoots in May.

Although the blackhead in feeding livestock is used with restriction, many animals in their natural environment readily eat it. There is even an opinion to include this type in the list of substances that are safe to use.

Chernogolovka - a plant that is almost not used in our official medicine. Its composition is not well understood. However, available data indicate its high therapeutic properties due to the presence of biologically active substances.

The aboveground part of the plant is rich in flavonoids: quercetin, rutinin, hyperoside, kaempferol. Coumarins, saponins, tannins, resins, bitters, essential oils and organic acids are also present. There are boron, copper, manganese, zinc, potassium, as well as a lot of ascorbic acid and carotene.

Already this is enough to talk about the prospect of studying the plant in order to use it to create drugs.

Preparation of raw materials: blackheads ordinary

The medicinal plant is harvested during flowering. Use all aboveground parts: leaves, stems and inflorescences. To collect the raw materials, places are chosen away from the fields treated with herbicides and also not along roads with heavy traffic, since the plant can accumulate heavy metal compounds and other toxic substances in it.

It is better to use the collected material fresh. You can dry in the shade in a well-ventilated place and store up to six months. The time of procurement of raw materials - from July to September.

Blackhead: Blackhead Properties, Application

In China and Korean medicine, herbalists use this plant as a panacea for many diseases. The active substances contained in it inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli and pathogens of tuberculosis and typhoid fever. For these abilities, the plant is considered as an alternative to antibiotics. It is also used as an antipyretic, hemostatic, antispasmodic and analgesic agent.

There is evidence of antiviral activity of the extract from blackheads. In particular, studies were conducted on the activity of pruneline polysaccharide against the immunodeficiency virus. It was found that in some indicators it is more effective than the retrovir. Eye drops of the extract positively influenced the treatment of viral keratitis.

Organic acids affect the normalization of hormones responsible for the state of the thyroid gland. High immunomodulating activity of blackheads is noted. Preparations from this plant have a beneficial effect on the vessels and thus gently regulate blood pressure.

Using

The blackhead is successfully used as a mild natural hypotensive and diuretic in the treatment of hypertension in the initial phase. Herb plants are harvested and dried for brewing tea in pure form or used as part of fees. Such decoctions will also be useful for rinsing in case of mouth ulcers and inflammatory processes of the gums.

From the flowers prepare infusions and extracts. They can be incorporated into ointments, creams and lotions for the treatment of dermatitis of various etiologies. Fresh juice canned, diluting with vodka or alcohol. When seborrhea is shown washing the head with a decoction of the grass blackheads. With various skin inflammations, it is used to add to baths. When sore throats infuse gargle. Steamed grass is used as a means to fight dandruff.

Different countries have their own characteristics and even traditions of using this plant. The flower (perennial blackhead) was used not only in the treatment of ailments, but also for the prevention of various diseases. So the Indians of Cherokee and Thompson, soaking it in cold water, got a good tonic. The leaves are used to prepare dishes with boiled vegetables, and in dried form - as seasoning. Juice rubbed whiskey for the treatment of headaches, as well as applied to insect bites to relieve swelling and alleviate the condition. Steamed grass was applied to the skin with burns.

In Ireland, blackheads and hypericum brewed tea for use in hypertension and diseases of the cardiovascular system. It was believed that such a drink relieves fatigue, tones, soothes when excessive activity, reduces losses during menstrual bleeding.

Black tea tea with wine was successfully used to recuperate after protracted illnesses. It was recommended to use it in the spring to increase immunity and the body's resistance to colds with vitamin deficiency or outbreaks of infectious diseases. The bitterness in the fresh leaves due to the high tannin content can be removed by soaking them in cold water. The stems and flowers contain a natural dye that gives an olive color when applied.

The usual blackhead should be taken orally with caution and after consultation with the appropriate specialist. You can talk about the great benefits of this plant, since the blackhead is widespread and easily grown in culture. At the same time, it gives a high yield of natural medicinal raw materials with high therapeutic properties and biological activity.

The plant can be used as a natural natural immunomodulator, which, in addition, has the ability to tone up the body, rendering it hepatoprotective, antiviral, adaptogenic and anti-inflammatory.

Description of blackheads

Translated from Latin, the name of a blackhead sounds like "burning coal". The inflorescences of the plant resemble in their appearance a fading ember. The plant belongs to the perennial grasses of the family Laminae and has more than 10 species.

Chernogolovka common grows in height from 8 to 50 cm. It has a creeping root and a tetrahedral erect stem. The leaves are ovate and oblong, growing oppositely. The base of the inflorescence of the plant covers the top pair of leaves. Flowers bilabid purple color. The period of flowering medicinal herbs from July to September.

The plant is very unpretentious, so it breeds well and grows in its natural environment. It covers the soil with a green carpet with ears of purple color. Flowers of the plant have a peculiarity - they are designed so that small insects do not fall into the bowl. All the nectar inside remains for pollinating bees.

The buglet is a honey plant and when the bees have collected all the nectar from the flowers, the corollas dry up and fall off. Remain on the stem bare ears, which in appearance resemble corncobs of miniature size. In the stamen, seeds, nuts, are formed; however, for reproduction, it is better to use root layers. They take root well after planting and give many shoots.

Where is growing?

Chernogolovka ordinary refers to a very common plants. It can even be seen in arctic regions. She feels great in Siberia and the Caucasus, the Far East and China. In countries of southern Europe and Asia, it grows everywhere. The plant is very common throughout the world:

Chernogolovka grows well in arid regions and in humid areas. It grows well in the valleys and mountains. Bucket is very often found on the banks of swamps, lakes and rivers, on forest edges and meadows, in ravines and fields.

The plant often delivers chores in the treated areas as it grows like a weed. It has the ability to aggressively grow, multiplying self-seeding.

Composition and properties

In official medicine, the blackhead does not apply. This is due to the fact that the composition of the grass is poorly understood. However, in folk medicine, it has been used for a long time. For example, in Egypt and Rome, this plant was treated by the rulers. Healers made on the basis of honey and wine tincture with a large composition of herbs, which included and blackheads. For medicinal purposes, apply:

The medicinal herb contains tannins, resin, essential oils, triterpenic saponins, as well as a bitter substance. In the period of flowering they are found in the plant most. For this reason, it is recommended to collect the plant when it blooms. It also contains alkaloids, inorganic salts and vitamins - A, C and K. All these substances are very valuable for the human body.

Gorilyanka has many useful properties:

  • diuretic,
  • antimicrobial,
  • anti-inflammatory,
  • antiallergic,
  • antispasmodic,
  • antipyretic

Herbalists have noticed that it also has healing, toning, antiseptic, anticonvulsant and appetite stimulating properties. Such a rich composition and properties of the plant allow you to apply it yourself, as well as in combination with other herbs to get rid of many diseases.

What helps?

In Asian countries, the blackhead has long been using herbalists as a panacea for many diseases. The active substances in the composition of the grass are considered as an alternative to antibiotics. They are able to inhibit the growth of Escherichia coli, causative agents of typhoid fever and tuberculosis.

Organic acid plants positively affect the statethyroid gland. They normalize hormones in this body. Medicinal herb also has a high immunomodulatory activity. The herb has a beneficial effect on the condition of the blood vessels and is able to normalize blood pressure.

In folk medicine, the herb is used in many diseases:

  • upper airways
  • swelling,
  • indigestion
  • hypertension,
  • diathesis,
  • angina,
  • allergy,
  • eye diseases
  • diabetes,
  • epilepsy,
  • dizziness.

Decoction of plants beneficial effect on the condition of the oral cavity. It is used to rinse with ulcers and problems with gums.

Collection and application

Herbalists recommend collecting blackheads only during flowering. At this time, the grass contains the maximum amount of nutrients for the body. For harvesting collect the aboveground part of the plant. Harvesting should be performed in places remote from the movement of vehicles. Grass growing near trails will contain toxic substances and heavy metal compounds.

For the treatment of herbalists use mostly fresh grass. You can also dry it in a ventilated room without access of sunlight. The shelf life of dry grass is not more than 6 months. Herbs are harvested from July to September.

Dried grass used for brewing therapeutic tea, preparation of medical fees. Extracts and infusions are made from the flowers of the bottle. Such extracts are then used as part of various ointments, lotions and creams. They have a positive effect on the skin with dermatitis. Fresh plant juice is diluted with vodka or alcohol, then canned. Infusion is used for angina, decoctions are used to get rid of dandruff, skin inflammation, seborrhea.

Since the grass is poisonous, it should be used with caution and consult with experts before use inside..

What does a plant look like?

Chernogolovka - a plant that has been known since ancient times. Once it was spread on all continents and was actively used by healers and medicine men as a remedy.

But now the blackhead has not lost its popularity and is used for medicinal purposes. The Latin name of the plant is literally translated as “burning ember”. Perhaps it was given because of the similarity of the inflorescence with the dying coal.

History reference

The healing properties of the plant have become known to people since the time of Pliny. In ancient times, Chernogolovku used to heal royals in Rome, Egypt and Ethiopia. On the basis of honey and wine, healers prepared a very special drink, which consisted of various herbs, including blackheads. But in Germany, the plant became known in the years 1547-1566, when military doctors began to use the plant for the treatment of fever, which mowed the troops.

Plant description

The plant is black-headed ordinary belonging to the family yasnotkovyh. It is completely unpretentious and does not require any special care. Culture grows beautifully in the natural environment, plaiting the earth with green carpet with purple spikelets. The plant has a black-headed erect and branchy stem. And its inflorescences can be described as oval. The flower of culture itself is designed in such a way that it protects its nectar with villi from small insects, saving it for the bees that pollinate it.

Black-headed plant is a honey plant. Experts say that about 90 pounds of nectar can be collected from one hectare. Agree that the figure is quite impressive.

Places of growth

Chernogolovka - a plant often found. It grows even in arctic conditions, feels comfortable in Siberia, and is also present in the Caucasus and the Far East. Incredibly, it is common even in China. As for Asia and the southern and middle parts of Europe, there is a plant found everywhere. It is worth mentioning that the blackhead can also be found in India, Japan, America, North Africa, Australia and Mongolia.

It is worth noting that the blackhead is a perennial plant that usually grows in meadows, as well as in thickets and in light forests. Under favorable conditions on fertile and rich soil, it can reach twenty and even thirty centimeters.

Chernogolovka prefers wet places, but feels great in dry regions. It is considered a weed and incredibly annoys gardeners, because it multiplies very quickly.

Chernogolovka ordinary and its properties

The plant is harvested during the flowering period, because it is at this time that it contains the greatest amount of useful substances. Inorganic salts, alkaloids, vitamins (rutin, provitamin A, C, K), resinous, tanning and bitter substances, essential oil, coumarins, anthocyanins, and other elements valuable to the human body are found in the composition of blackheads.

Растение оказывает мочегонное, антиаллергическое, противомикробное, противовоспалительное, жаропонижающее и спазмолитическое действие. In addition, experts noted wound-healing, antiseptic, laxative, appetite stimulating, anticonvulsant, tonic and normalizing metabolism properties of drugs based on blackheads.

With such a wide range of medicinal properties, the plant is used for healing from a variety of ailments - both independently and in combination with other drugs.

The use of blackhead plants in medicine

The plant is used for hyperfunction and thyroid cancer. A blackhead is also shown in diffuse toxic goiter, when an increase in the secretion of the hormone thyroxin is observed. This disease is most susceptible to women, especially women at risk of menopause.

Very often, the disease is associated with constant stress and neuro-psychological stress. Symptoms of the disease - an increase in the gland, puzoglaziye, tachycardia. Experienced herbalists strongly recommend in such cases, use for the treatment of blackheads, which normalizes the function of the thyroid gland.

For which diseases apply healer plant?

The perennial herbaceous plant of the blackhead is used in folk medicine in the treatment of diseases of the upper respiratory tract, with diarrhea, edema, hypertension, edema, diathesis, goiter. It is also known that for a long time healers have used herbs to treat angina. At the same time they managed to achieve good results.

The presence of calcium chloride in the plant gives reason to use it for the treatment of allergic conditions. Children are allowed to take decoctions of poison for the treatment of hernias. Drugs based on blackheads are effective for tuberculosis of the throat, diphtheria, bloody diarrhea, stomach pain, diabetes, dizziness, epilepsy, eye diseases. Also, the plant is used in some female diseases: metritis, colpitis and mastitis.

In our article we want to give a description of the recipes with the blackhead ordinary. So with rheumatism, arthritis, diathesis, it is recommended to take a decoction of the grass. To make it you need two tablespoons of the plant pour boiling water (300 ml). Broth insist three hours, then filter and take one hundred grams three times a day.

Infusion from the grass rinse the throat with hyperthyroidism, and from the steamed stems make compresses. In the treatment of hyperthyroidism, I pour a teaspoon of a plant with boiling water (200 g), and then insist for a couple of hours. Take this infusion three times a day for 1/3 cup. Drug drink to drink in small sips.

For treating tumors

Healers use the plant to fight all types of cancer. Restrictions for the use of blackheads no. Healers use this recipe: pour a teaspoon of herbs with a glass of boiling water, insist for several hours, then filter and take three to four times a day over a tablespoon. Healers claim that the infusion is effective in neoplasms of different localization.

Outdoor use

Chernogolovka actively used for gargling, as well as for gingivitis, stomatitis and other inflammatory diseases of the oral cavity. With skin problems make baths, lotions from decoctions of the plant. Effective washing with tincture of grass with purulent wounds, scrofula, ulcers, dermatitis, bedsores and rashes. As a poultice, a blackhead is used in the treatment of dislocations.

For ringworm and boils, blackheads are taken not only inwards but also externally. When dandruff is washed three times a week with a decoction of the head. To make it, pour three tablespoons of herbs with a liter of boiling water and heat it on the fire for 30 minutes.

Chernogolovka and official medicine

It should be noted that the blackhead does not belong to pharmacopoeial plants, and therefore it is not used in official medicine in our country. But its properties are valued in a number of other countries. Features of the use of blackheads in medicine is associated with its unusual properties. In Vietnam, the plant is actively used in the treatment of furunculosis, and in Korea with bladder ailments and chronic arthritis. In India, the blackhead is used as an expectorant and antispasmodic.

An interesting fact is that the plant has found application in official Chinese medicine as a diuretic, for problems with the liver and gall bladder, as well as for the treatment of wounds and skin ailments. Local doctors have appreciated the broad antibiotic properties of the culture. It is known that the plant is active against a variety of pathogenic microorganisms, among which are E. coli and Shigella.

Contraindications

A Chernogolovka is a poisonous plant, and therefore its use must be extremely careful. Any overdose can cause serious side effects: nausea, vomiting, dizziness, cutting pains in the abdomen. It is not recommended to use the plant for treatment during breastfeeding and pregnancy, it is also not allowed to give a blackhead to children.

History and photos of medicinal herbs

Self Heal (translation of self-healing) - got its name because of the healing power of the plant, which has no equal in the treatment of wounds. She is honored by herbalists. Chernogolovka common is found throughout Europe, East Asia, North America and even Ireland, and everywhere where there is a temperate climate. This fact can classify it as a weed in some regions where it is not a native plant. It grows easily in wet areas such as heathlands, pastures and woodland. It is an ordinary wild flower in Europe and was brought to the United States, where it received the name "Heart of the Earth" and "Blue Curls."

Botanical name: Chernogolovka vulgaris, Self Heal, Prunella vulgaris

Other names for Self Heal include Lance, Aleutian, Carpenter Weed and Hook Heal. Be sure not to confuse it with the underwood, which can also be confused with the blackhead. The genus prunella is a kind of mint and has seven varieties, so check the full scientific name if you are looking for a particular plant.

How not to go past the grass?

It spreads, expanding its roots as it grows, so it can be used as a small ground cover grass. The stems of the leaves are rather short, about 5 cm in length and arranged in opposite pairs, on hard, square stems of red. In the middle of the leaves contain small hairs. The leaves are lanceolate, serrated and have a reddish tint to the tips themselves. Each leaf has a central vein and about 3-7 additional veins extending from it. Flowers grow in false whorls that are surrounded by a pair of smaller stems. Each stage of the whorl consists of two-lipped, tubular flowers. The upper lip is a purple hood, while the lower lip can be white or purple with three petals at the bottom and a fringe in the middle.

The use of blackheads for medical purposes

The traditional use of blackheads includes the use as an expectorant to help with female reproductive disorders, as a means of treating the skin, as an astringent, antiseptic, also for the treatment of colic, indigestion and gastroenteritis. Also taken orally as a medicinal tea for sore throats, fever, wounds, internal bleeding and cardiac or hepatic failure. Chinese herbalists considered it useful for changing the course of chronic diseases.

There have also been studies indicating some potential as an antibacterial agent. Tannins help reduce skin swelling and inflammation, and give skin elasticity. Active ingredients include betulinic acid, rosemary acids, myristic acids and tannins. It also contains vitamins A, C and K and thiamine.

Poultice can be made from the whole plant and placed on wounds to promote healing. An infusion can be made by boiling 600 ml of water, adding 30 grams of blackhead, after allowing it to dissolve. It is recommended to drink a small glass as a tonic and as a gargle for a sore throat. A refreshing cold infusion can be made using freshly cut or dried leaves. The plant can beat a bitter taste, but it can be removed by washing the leaves to remove tannins.

Growing conditions for Prunella vulgaris

The Chernogolovka prefers penumbra, but the sunny position is also considered satisfactory. In the shade, all parts will be more secure. It will grow well in soils with good moisture, including light sand, loam and clay. Flowers bloom at different times, depending on the climate, but mostly in the summer. After pollination, the petals go down and numerous flower heads look like corn husks. Seeds ripen in several months after summer flowering. The plant is not frost resistant.

The blackhead can be propagated by seed, division in spring and autumn, or by vegetative propagation. Stems will crawl along and thicken the roots. The plant is adapted for fertilization by bees, they are the only insects that can enter the flower to get to the nectar at the bottom of the corolla. There are thick hairs at the entrance that stop other insects, but allow the bee's proboscum to enter and reach nectar. At the same time, the bee gets washed down pollen from the anthers, located under the upper lip of the flower.

Culinary use

Chernogolovka ordinary, has a light mint flavor and can be used in salads, stews, soup and tea. Traditionally, the Cherokee prepared and ate the young leaves and Nlakapamux (the first Indians) used to drink cold tea and an infusion made from the whole plant as a daily drink. It contains vitamins A, C and K, flavonoids and rutin.

Instead of epilogue

Despite all the useful properties of blackheads, it should be used with extreme caution and preferably under the guidance of a specialist. Such caution is associated with high toxicity of the plant. In a number of countries where the culture is recognized as official medicine, it is grown to obtain a sufficient amount of medical raw materials. Since the blackhead is easy to breed, obtaining a large amount of raw materials is not difficult.

In medicine

Chernogolovka ordinary is a non-pharmacopoeia plant and is not used in official medical practice in our country. However, the plant is valued for its beneficial properties and is used in medicine in several countries. For example, in Vietnamese medicine, blackhead is used for furunculosis, in Korean - for diseases of the bladder and urinary tract, lymphoma, chronic arthritis, in Indian medicine the plant is used as an antispasmodic and expectorant. Chernogolovka vulgaris is used in Chinese traditional medicine as a diuretic, in diseases of the liver and gall bladder, skin diseases and wound healing (externally), as well as an antibiotic against a wide range of pathogenic microorganisms, such as shigella and E. coli.

Contraindications and side effects

Chernogolovka ordinary - poisonous plant. Therefore, when used internally, it requires special care and strict medical supervision. With an overdose of possible side effects (poisoning, accompanied by nausea and vomiting, dizziness, headache, cutting pains in the abdomen, severe urination). It is not recommended to use the plant for medicinal purposes during pregnancy and feeding, as well as children.

In other areas

Chernogolovka ordinary has good decorative properties, it is undemanding to the soil, easily tolerates air pollution in large metropolitan areas. Decorative quality plants are used in floriculture when making flowerbeds in parks and squares. It is also grown for medicinal purposes in private gardens and vegetable gardens.

Classification

The chernogolovka vulgaris (lat. Prunella vulgaris) is a type species of the genus Chernogolovka (lat. Prunella), the family Sponge or Clear-colored (lat. Lamiaceae, or Labiatae). The genus contains 15 species of perennial grasses growing in all areas of the globe, especially in the Mediterranean. In the flora of Russia, there are 3 species (chernogolovka vulgaris - Prunella vulgaris, chernogolovka split - Prunella laciniata, Chernogolovka grandiflora - Prunella grandiflora).

Botanical description

Chernogolovka vulgaris - perennial, 10-40 cm tall with a creeping rhizome. The stem is tetrahedral, ascending, sometimes reddish, naked in the lower part, in the middle, along the ribs, sparsely pubescent, and whitish-woolly at the apex. Leaves without stipules, opposite, simple, petiolate, oblong-ovate or lanceolate, with a wedge-shaped base and blunt tip. Upper leaves sessile, serrated. The flowers are small, bisexual, zygomorphic, purple-blue or blue, in dense capitate inflorescences (3-4 cm long). Perianth double, 5-membered. Calyx srosnolistnaya. A corolla (8-10 mm), as a rule, two-lipped, with a three-lobed lower lip and a more or less long tube. 4 stamens, of which 2 are longer. The formula of the flower of a blackhead is - H (5) L (2.3) T4 ... 2P (2). Ovary is upper. When ripe, the fruit disintegrates into 4 eremas. Seeds without endosperm. It blooms from June to September.

Chemical composition

For blackheads typical rich chemical composition. It contains aromatic substances (alcohols, aldehydes, ketones, etc.), tanning and bitter resinous substances, essential oil, carotene, vitamins (C and K), triterpenoids (ursolic acid), saponins, carbohydrates (galactose, glucose, fructose, raffinose ), coumarins, anthocyanins, flavonoids (rutin, hyperoside, rutin, hyperin, isoquercitrin, quercetin, kaempferol), hydroxycinnamic acids (ferulic and p-hydroxycinnamic). Sesquiterpenoids, diterpenoids (phytol), iridoids, steroids (sitosterol), phenolcarboxylic acids and their derivatives (coffee, 4-caffeoyl quinone, chlorogenic, neoclorogenic, rosmarinic) are also found in the aerial part, and seeds contain from 3 to 16% fat.

Pharmacological properties

Despite the fact that the blackhead is not a pharmacopoeial plant and is not used in official medicine, due to the healing chemicals in its composition, it has some healing properties.

The presence of tannins explains the binding properties of the plant, as well as its ability to have a wound-healing, antiseptic effect. Vitamin C, contained in the aboveground part of the plant, gives the blackhead ordinary antioxidant and antipyretic properties. Bitter substances "responsible" for the ability of plants to stimulate appetite and beneficially affect the activity of the gastrointestinal tract. It is known that the blackhead ordinary has a diuretic and diaphoretic effect, has a positive effect on metabolism and helps to eliminate sputum from the upper respiratory tract.

Use in traditional medicine

In folk medicine, the range of application of blackheads is quite wide. The plant is used as a biological stimulator that activates the antimicrobial reaction of the body, as a hemostatic in nosebleeds, white hair in women, eye diseases (conjunctivitis) and upper respiratory tract (sore throat, bronchitis, laryngitis, diphtheria), a cold, kidney disease, even in malignant neoplasms and appetite stimulating plant. Herb plants are also used in hypertension, thyrotoxic goiter, edema of different etiologies, diarrhea, rheumatic polyarthritis, stomatitis and as an anthelmintic. The blackhead extract is popularly used in people with inflammation of the gums, for the treatment of herpes infections. A decoction of herbs blackheads ordinary doctors recommend for gargling in the treatment of angina. According to folk healers, the plant has good potential against the HIV virus, as well as prospects for the treatment of diabetes and lung cancer, but science has not proven this. A decoction of the leaves and the infusion of herbs blackheads traditional medicine used for epilepsy. In addition, the herb infusion is used as an antihypertensive and diuretic in the treatment of hypertension, they are treated for tuberculosis of the skin and female genital organs, hyperthyroidism, exudative diathesis, rheumatic polyarthritis. In folk medicine, the broth of the fruits of the blackheads of ordinary use for hypertension and nephritis. Fresh leaves and young shoots of the plant are used as a first aid to stop the bleeding, they are applied fresh to the cuts.

In Chinese traditional medicine, water infusion of blackhead flowers in the form of tea is used as a febrifuge and diuretic.

It is also known that the decoction of the grass of the blackheads is used for washing the head from dandruff with seborrhea, as well as for lotions, washings and baths for various inflammatory skin diseases (ringworms) and boils. Broth herbs also wash bedsores and wounds. The grass blackheads folk healers include in the composition of ointments in the treatment of skin diseases.

Literature

1. Губанов И. А., Киселёва К. В., Новиков В. С., Тихомиров В. Н. Иллюстрированный определитель растений Средней России. М.: Т-во научных изданий КМК, Ин-т технологических исследований, 2004. Т. 3. Покрытосеменные (двудольные: раздельнолепестные). С. 142.

2. Губанов И. А. Лекарственные растения. М. Изд. МГУ, 1993. 272 с.

3. Дмитрук, С. И. Химический состав и биологическая активность Черноголовки обыкновенной: Автореф. дис. канд. фармац. наук.-Пятигорск, 1989.

4. Дмитрук, С.И. Технологические факторы и фармакологические свойства экстракта PRUNELLA VULGARIS L. / С. И. Дмитрук, В. С. Dmitruk, Siberian Medical University (Tomsk) // Bulletin of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences: A quarterly scientific-theoretical journal. 2001. N 3. Pp. 36-39.

5. Plant Life, Ed. A.L. Tahtajan. M .: Enlightenment. 1982. T. 5 (1).

6. Yelenevsky A.G., M.P. Solovyov, V.N. Tikhomirov // Botanica. Systematics of higher or terrestrial plants. M. 2004. 420 p.

7. Kurkin, V.A. Pharmacognosy: a textbook for students of pharmaceutical universities / V.A. Kurkin. - 2nd ed., Pererab. and add. Samara: “Etching”, GOU VPO “SamGMU of Roszdrav”, 2007. 1239 p.

8. Turcan, A.A. The study of blackhead flavonoids ordinary (Prunella vulgaris L.) / А.А. Turcan, E.I. Golembiovskaya / Development research and marketing nofoy pharmaceutical products sat. scientific tr. / ed. Mv Gavrilin. - Pyatigorsk: Pyatigorsk GFA, 2011. Vol. 66. 945p.

Chernogolovka vulgaris of the family labial

In fact, the family is now more often called the family of yarnotkovyh. But I am somehow accustomed to the old name - labial flowers. Firstly, it contains a very accurate indication of the features of flowers. Secondly, is Yasnoka herself so well known to everyone?

The flower of a blackhead is typical for a family. He is double-lipped. From two "lips" consists of a blue-purple flower corolla. The upper “lip” resembles an old helmet, it is called “helmet”. And the whole flower looks like a kind of "mouth", "mouth". Calyx is also two-lipped, with sharp teeth.

The flowers are collected in the inflorescence at the top of the shoot. It is usually called the spike, although it is not entirely accurate. In general, this is such a head, consisting of many whorls, in which short, pointed bracts are collected. The color of these bracts is brown, sometimes almost black. Hence the name "blackhead". The inflorescence is somewhat similar in structure - it has a drug Eel (it is by no means related to the blackhead).

Flowers sit in the axils of the leaves-bracts. Only a few flowers bloom at the same time. Some fade away - others bloom. Flowering plant begins in late May, and blooms until autumn.

It is a perennial with a creeping rhizome. Usually several stalks are formed at once. Stems are tetrahedral, which is well checked by touch. Yes, and see this "tetrahedral" is easy, just need to look at. By the way, the stalk with four edges, along with the typical structure of the flower - is another characteristic feature of the family of Labiatae.

Leaves of the chernogolovka ordinary always opposite, on short petioles. The edge of the sheet is usually smooth, but occasionally there is some kind of cloves.

The black-headed ordinary grows in meadows, in light forests, in thickets of bushes. On rich fertile soil can grow by twenty to thirty centimeters. But more often it is the same as in my photo. Here it grows on the side of a dirt road in a pine forest. Not really "roam"!

In the world monogolovka ordinary distributed very widely. In Russia, it is found almost everywhere, with the exception of the most northern outskirts. It grows in many countries of Asia, in North America. Even in Australia, accidentally brought by man.

The use of blackheads ordinary

For medicinal purposes, use grass blackheads. Stocks it during flowering (from May to August). Dried under a canopy or in a dryer at a temperature not higher than 40 °.

The plant contains essential oil. Its main components - camphor and fenhen - have a powerful antibacterial effect, providing anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial action.

Chernogolovka is rich in flavonoids - kaempferol, quercetin, rutin. The latter is also called vitamin P - it strengthens the walls of capillaries, lowers blood pressure.

The first two are powerful antioxidants. It is argued that their use reduces the risk of cancer. In addition, they possess both antimicrobial, and anti-allergic, and analgesic effects.

And in the blackhead ordinary eat vitamin C, carotene, vitamin K, tannins, alkaloids, bitterness, microelements. Vitamin K1, especially in combination with other substances, contributes to blood clotting and to stop bleeding.

In general, a modest weed is another “forest first-aid kit”, which are many in nature. Chernogolovka ordinary has a strong anti-inflammatory effect, is used for gargling with angina. Probably, it is this quality that is reflected in the popular name of the plant - "Pottery" .

And she is able to stop diarrhea, stop internal bleeding (stomach, uterine). However, to stop bleeding, it is better to use the yarrow. It is safer - yarrow, stopping blood, does not lead to the formation of blood clots. Yes, and find it much easier than the blackhead.

Blackhead reduces blood pressure. In febrile conditions they drink it to lower the temperature. The herb is also useful in hyperthyroidism, which is an increased function of the thyroid gland (most often occurs in the so-called “Grave sickness”).

Usually use infusions and decoctions of blackheads ordinary. The infusion is taken internally and used for rinsing the mouth and throat.

Broth herbs blackheads wash their heads with dandruff, and in inflammatory processes on the skin do washing.

Chernogolovka ordinary is considered a poisonous plant. When using it, you must be careful - first of all, in the dosage. However, this must be done when using almost any medicinal plant.

15 comments to “Chernogolovka ordinary”

Never used a blackhead. In the summer it will be necessary to dry, it may well be useful. I used to read in some book, if I do not confuse that there are no poisonous plants in the family of labiaceous.

Well, for example, in the very detailed book of V.P. Makhlayuk “Medicinal Plants in Traditional Medicine”, the monarch head is called a poisonous plant. Of course, it can not be very poisonous. But still…

I do not dispute. Just something in my head was remembered. In any case, it is better to err. If there is time, I will take an interest in the opinion about lip flowers. I have books on medicinal plants, but V.P. Makhlayuk did not read.

I think any plant in the wrong dose is poisonous. Even honey can be poisoned if you eat it a lot! 🙂

I also think about it, Andrei! 🙂

I met a blackhead in the forest, in my opinion, a very interesting plant, and even useful.

I know this plant from my childhood from my grandmother, it was considered a good remedy for angina, and it was called a pot. Every year, not in large quantities, I stock them. Now I learned the correct name and a wider range of applications, for which I thank.

Hello Raisa! I think that the name "gourmet" is also "correct." Just a blackhead is a common name in science.

This beauty can often be found in our area), though a small plant, but remarkable)

I do not know if I do not confuse, we call the blackhead medunitsa. Or maybe just like? But in the forest it grows full. I did not know that it has some useful properties.

I do not know, Alexander. Of course, there are many different local names. But, in my opinion, the blackhead and the lungfish are still very different plants.

The fact that the blackhead is “not only for beauty” was created news for me. My garden form is growing, it is also called prunella.

Prunella (Prunella) - is the Latin name of the genus Chernogolovka. Recently, I rarely once began to indicate Latin names - yet I’m not writing Wikipedia articles 🙂 It may be in vain ...

Please help, I can not buy anywhere, who can know where you can buy ??

Hello, Sasha! Indeed - “ran through” online stores of medicinal herbs and blackheads did not find. Apparently, the plant is not so much in demand. But the blackhead is still in bloom - you can make it and prepare it yourself.