Trees

Acetic tree: description, care, planting

The vinegar tree will be able to compete with many ornamental trees not only in beauty, but also in unpretentiousness. On one large leaf of the tree can be up to 28 small leaves. It has a particularly elegant and expressive appearance in the fall, when all the leaves are painted in different shades of yellow, green, and red. Flowering - first to mid-summer. Inflorescences seem lush solid cones. Fruits of some species are used to make spices. They are famous for their antioxidant properties. Tannins of wood used for dyeing and tanning leather. Healing properties of sumach used in the Middle Ages. It is actively used by many beekeepers.

Sumy has about 200 specieswhich may differ in appearance and have different growing conditions.

Types of Acetic Tree

  • Fragrant. It grows to a height of no more than 2 meters. Inflorescences of yellow shades, similar to the ear. The fruits are bright red colors. In the middle there is a large bone.
  • Deer Horn The most often met, magnificent and beautiful look. It grows up to 10 m. The leaves are large, slightly velvety. Inflorescences are like thick panicles. The variety has a large number of root shoots.
  • Chinese. It has a small color, collected in the ear, with a whitish tinge. Place of growth - Asia.
  • Tannic. The average tree height is 5 meters. Leaves in length can reach 18 cm of white or greenish shades. Inflorescences-panicles - up to 25 cm. Ripe fruits - brown-red color.

Landing rules

  1. Many gardeners, it won its unpretentiousness and undemanding in care. It can grow on almost any soil, even where ordinary trees will not grow. If there is a choice of where to plant, then you can choose saline or acidic soils, sandy loam. Will normally transfer and landing on poor stony or dry soils.
  2. Landing place. Deer horn sums likes well-lit places. In the penumbra (and especially in fully darkened places) it is not desirable to plant it. The plant can take down any temperature conditions of a temperate climate: both heat and severe frosts. But a strong squall wind can be disastrous for him, therefore, it is better not to land in open areas.

Landing process

  1. Growing seedlings. It is not so difficult to get it, because you can use the young shoots that give roots. To do this, just look at the healthiest of them and dig using a shovel with a sharp edge. Due to the fact that the plant not only grows from the root, but also tries from it, it is better to dig deeper.
  2. Saving the seedling. If a young tree is planted not immediately: you need to transport it or simply postpone planting for several days, you need to take several measures to preserve it. Young roots put in a plastic bag, before which, wrap them with a woolen cloth or put in the package sawdust on the level of the root. This will reduce the risk of damaging and drying the roots. In such conditions, they can be stored for 6−8 days.
  3. Preparation for landing and landing. Depending on the size of the roots, the pit for planting should be at least 40 by 40 cm. Before you place the seedling there, a mixture of soil and humus is poured into the pit, a bucket of water flows into it. Planting should be done only after the water fully enters the soil. A sapling should fall asleep by the mark that it grew before. Usually it is well viewed. Already planted sumac again watered in the area of ​​the bookmark roots. Sumy does not require fertilizers, but when used, it will take root much faster and start growing. In the future, can thank the gardener flowering and elegant crown.
  4. Planting sumac from bones. There is nothing difficult in this landing. Dug a shallow hole (15−20 cm), put there a little fertilizer mixed with the soil, and lay a stone, sprinkle with earth well. Shoots, however, need to wait about a month. If you choose this method, you need to remember that the hard shell of the stone must be damaged before planting so that the sprout can appear. Otherwise, it may simply not pass through the thick skin. Many experienced gardeners consider it a big mistake to grow sumac from pits. Such plants are often weak and non-viable. Caring for young trees grown from seeds requires special conditions. This process is often very difficult for those who are engaged in gardening not so long ago.

Proper care

The tree gives a lot of shoots. Therefore, deciding to plant it at home, you need to be prepared for this. From it is very difficult to get rid of, because you need to constantly destroy.

  1. Watering. Sumy well tolerates even dry periods without watering. But in a hot time, it is still worth pampering him with water (not over-wetting) at least once every 1-2 weeks. This will improve flowering and revitalize the foliage.
  2. Feeding. The tree practically does not need them. Possible maximum amount of mineral supplements - 1 time per year. More frequent fertilization can have the opposite effect or even destroy the plant.
  3. Crop. In a natural habitat, the vinegar tree can grow up to 10 meters. At the same time, he has a drawback - poorly tolerates severe frosts. And in areas where there are severe frosts in winter, the upper branches can freeze. Thus, in the spring pruning of the branches that have been frozen out is considered a mandatory procedure. This procedure can give a stronger impetus to the growth of young kidneys.
  4. Preparing for the winter. The tree rarely dies due to severe frosts, even without shelter. This is facilitated by a powerful root system. In the case of frostbite and further pruning branches, they quickly grow.
  5. Pest control. Sumy is affected by pests and diseases in rare cases. Even the hares do not touch the bark of the tree. Sometimes it is possible the defeat of fungal infections (mainly during waterlogging).

Acetic tree in landscape design

The vinegar tree is a spectacular plant that is often equated to something exotic. It has an unusual foliage and grows very quickly, so you need to leave a lot of space for it. The last years in landscape design are very relevant, but often they are used either as a single accent, or low-growing trees are chosen as neighbors. Looks good on the alpine hills and rockeries as dominant. Thanks to its powerful root system, it is also used as a means to strengthen slopes and soil.

Its effectiveness is also emphasized by coniferous plants, especially in autumn, when bright, motley, slightly velvety foliage and seedbed of sumach are perfectly combined with strict green coniferous plants.

If at home a tree can reach and 10 meters high, then in Europe, due to the formation of the crown by trimming it does not grow more than 3-5 meters.

One of its many flaws is its fragility. One tree does not grow in one place for more than 20 years. But it can be easily "restored" thanks to the young shoots.

In autumn, small fruits appear on the tree.that taste sour. Most grow trees only for decoration. And the people of the southern countries make not only spice from fruits, but also make aromatic sour wine. It turns out of them and good vinegar, especially relevant for marinades.

Biological description

Sumac deerhogy is a deciduous tree in height from three to ten meters. Leaves with multiple 6-11-centimeter leaves (from 9 to 31), non-paristocomplex, 25-55 centimeters in length. Young scapes and branches covered with velvety hairs. Red-brown flowers are collected in cone-shaped thick panicles with a diameter of four to six centimeters and a length of ten to twenty centimeters. Fruits in the form of small red stones, gathered in panicles. In the autumn period, the foliage of sumach becomes bright red.

Using

The vinegar tree, which we have just described, is cultivated as an ornamental plant. Landscape designers love it due to unpretentiousness, sustainability and beautiful appearance.

This tree is a kind of chameleon. In spring, it puts on a green robe, and in the fall it becomes darker and shimmers with brown, orange, red ... It seems that such incredible beauty was created especially for cozy gardens! However, only at first glance sucks seem so unassuming. A vinegar tree is rather difficult to grow, and anyone who dares to shelter a beautiful plant on their land can see this.

Due to the interesting "dress" you can recognize an exotic guest very quickly. Plants whose homelands are warm edges are covered with red leaves in autumn. Proceeding from this, at the sight of a reddish crown, it can be immediately stated that there is a sun lover in front of you who can survive in arid conditions. However, this knowledge is not enough to grow a vinegar-type tree, so we will tell more about it.

Why sumah is called deer-horn?

In appearance, a low tree is somewhat like a palm tree. It also has a lush crown and spreading branches, decorated on both sides with long thin leaves. That's just the stem of the plant does not look like an exotic one, and its fruits cannot be eaten.

Where did the word "deer horny" come from in the title? The answer is very simple: the fact is that the sprawling branches with thin leaves resemble the horns of a deer in appearance. Only here the dimensions are seriously different: the vinegar tree can grow to a height of up to twelve meters! Although, frankly, such giants are very rare, usually sums grow up to two meters in the courtyards and cottages.

Flowering vinegar tree in the middle of summer. At the ends of the branches appear panicles, in a few days covered with a fluff. They are somewhat reminiscent of chestnut flowering, but their particles are more intertwined with each other, and therefore form whole flowers. Some sumaha bloom in white, others - in dark red. Burgundy flowers resemble velvet, and whites are more fluffy, so the plant looks irresistible in both cases!

Sumy in winter

In winter, the vinegar bears fruit! At this time, it looks incredibly beautiful. The fruits are small dark red clusters located at the ends of the branches. In size they are about the same as the flowers of the plant with burgundy panicles. Fruits are collected in brushes and decorated with a short down.

When choosing a vinegar tree for your plot, you should pay attention to its floor. Would you like to enjoy not only the beauty of flowers, but also the kind of fruit? In this case, acquire a female. On the branches fine fruits are preserved with a dark red fleecy surface, collected in a dense vertical brush.

A vinegar plant is an vinegar tree, and when planting it is necessary to take this into account. Erect inflorescences have a racemose shape, consist of a lot of inconspicuous, small flowers. Dense inflorescences that reach twenty centimeters in length, surrounded by leaves and located at the tips of the branches.

Sumac preferences

Acetic trees used to be a real rarity. Gardeners for the sake of the beauty of such a handsome man were ready to drive almost through the entire Soviet Union. Solemnly bringing an exotic plant home, they planted it in front of the window in the most prominent place and admired day after day. It’s good if the tree didn’t give the owner any trouble. Although this behavior can be called a rarity. Usually sumac deerhogic grows and becomes a real problem for the gardener.

For its cultivation the main condition is a large territory. It is needed not only in order for the vinegar tree to scatter its root processes around, but also to effectively deal with them. If there is, where to turn, to uproot the extra trees is much easier. In addition to large space, deer horn sumah loves intense sunlight. Therefore, if you want to admire a beautiful crown that resembles a palm tree, make sure that the plant regularly takes sun baths.

Planting vinegar tree

As it seems at first glance, there is nothing too complicated in planting a sumach. However, some tricks still need to know, they will help grow on the site of this handsome man. In general, in the wild, the plant has quite “spartan” growing conditions: it lives among stones, and in this connection it cannot be called whimsical. The vinegar tree can grow even in sandy soil, where the squash does not grow. However, it is very important for sumak to have a lot of sunlight, therefore, for planting, the place should be chosen without shading.

Before planting the seedling, the roots must be cut in such a way that the roots are up to twenty centimeters long. Then you need to dig a hole the size of 50 by 50 centimeters, place in it a plant seedling and fix it with earth. It is advisable to immediately pour the tree with water.

And one more important point: deer horn sums does not like winds. If you have several buildings in your dacha, for example, a house, a barn, a bathhouse, for an exotic beauty choose a place so that it does not grow in the draft formed by these buildings.

Acetic tree: care

Despite the exoticism, there are very few frostlings among sumachs. In winter, as a rule, they do not frost up, unless we are talking about very cold winters. In this case, if spring fails to restore the frozen branches, they must be almost completely cut off, leaving no more than thirty centimeters from the trunk. Then this “haircut” will play the decorativeness of the tree for the benefit, because it will grow not in height, but in width. Therefore, frozen deer horn sumac will decorate the site even better than “seasoned”. Well, if you want to avoid frosting, prepare the vinegar tree for winter in the same autumn when you plant. To do this, cover the ground around the trunk with peat, dry leaves or hay.

As for fertilizers, this plant can be left without top dressing. After all, he, despite the external pomp, habitually grow in poor soil. In addition, deer-smear sumac is practically not infected, so it is not necessary to spray it. Therefore, if you like beautiful plantations that do not require special care, the vinegar tree is ideal for you. If the most important thing for you is to benefit, it is better to plant fruit trees on the plot and collect a rich harvest from them!

Spread miracle with luxurious leaves

Sumy can be easily recognized at a glance. Low deciduous trees, gradually spread out so wide that they seem almost bushy, attract attention and crown structure, and luxurious foliage. Cirrus, with simple lobes, on rounded or winged petioles, with nondescript flowers, collected in spectacular panicles and spikelets of inflorescences and bright autumn color of the crown make soups one of the most impressive woody trees.

Furry bag or deer horn (rhus typhina) is better known as the vinegar tree. This woody is considered one of the most elegant. Parade, catchy beauty attracts admiring glances to the summers and makes it one of the best purely decorative candidates for the status of a family tree. The combination of unusual feathery foliage and extravagant pattern of the crown, spread out in breadth, almost bush-like can not but admire. And the attractiveness of soum saves all year round.

A vinegar tree in garden culture rarely grows to 4-6 m (not to mention the natural ten-meter height), most often limited to 3 meters. It grows straight, a little strictly only at a very young age, then wide shoots continue to manifest themselves. The older the sumac becomes, the more it grows wider, becoming more and more razlohim, luxurious and spreading. Surprisingly powerful, fast-growing branches require the allocation of a large area for sumach. But the spectacle of bizarrely curving branches, which can only be assessed in winter, fully compensates for the girth of the crown.

And the older the vinegar tree becomes, the more beautiful it looks. The shoots of sumach are light, brownish, thick, and the truth is somewhat reminiscent of deer antlers. The leaves are pinnate, with lobes up to 12 cm long. In each complex leaf there are from 11 to 31 leaves, while the surface of the leaf plates resembles velvet, the shape is pointed, long, the teeth are large on the edge and the underside of the leaves is whitish. The huge feathery leaves of sumach, and so in the summer forming a fabulous crown, seem to embrace a purple fire in the autumn, and the arboreal itself turns into the brightest color spot in the garden except maples. But even with the fall of the foliage, the decorative show of a deer-horn sumach does not end: the inflorescences are replaced by the same spectacular pyramids-panicles of seedlings that do not attract birds and adorn the bushes like a luxurious garland.

Deer Horn Sumy, or Suma Fluffy, Acetic Tree. © jardin-nature

This soum blossoms in June and July, I join the powerful explosion of colors of the beginning of summer. The flowers are small, but collected in pyramidal inflorescences up to 20 cm in height with a densely pubescent axis, appear dense and lacy. Plant dioecious. В соцветиях сумаха расположены красные пестичные и салатовые тычиночные цветки. После цветения завязывают покрытые красными щетинками плоды-костянки сферовидной формы, которые держаться в пирамидках вплоть до весны.

У сумаха оленерогого есть несколько декоративных форм. Форма ланцетная (laciniata) отличается от базовой культуры только тонкими, ланцетными долями листьев с более глубокими зубчиками. Particularly attractive is the form of a deer horn sumach “Dissecta”. This is a unique woody, whose feathery leaves, painted in a bluish-silver tone, resemble a graceful frond of fern. And the fruit of this variety is very bright, carmine.

Other types of sumach

Despite the fact that in nature there are more than a hundred species of sumach, the use of these trees in landscaping as ornamental plants is significantly limited. First of all, almost all species of sumac are woody for medium and large gardens. And secondly, there are species in the genus that are so poisonous that even accidental contact with foliage causes burns on the skin (for example, poisonous sumac (rhus toxicodendron, today attributed to the species Toxicodendron fluffy (Toxicodendron pubescens). As decorative, in addition to the vinegar tree, only 2 non-toxic species are used:

  • sumac fragrant (Rhus aromatica) - limited to 1 m in height creeping shrub, individual branches of which can grow up to 3 m in length. Spectacular, catchy, slow-growing, it blooms from the age of five, offers to admire the pale openwork pyramids in the second half of June,
  • sumah naked (Rhus glabra) - a species that is often confused with deer-horned sumach, a compact bush tree up to 3 m in height with beautiful umbrella-shaped crown outlines, bare shoots, complex feathery leaves consisting of large lanceolate lobes up to 12 cm long. The whole leaf grows to half a meter in length. Beautiful bright color, jagged edge give the leaves a special elegance, and in autumn they turn orange and carmine. On the plant at the same time dense panicles with red female flowers and looser panicles with whitish male ones bloom. The inflorescence reaches a length of 20 cm, very spectacular. Fruits are spherical, flattened, bristly, stick in stems literally all winter, ripening in September. May bloom not only in June, but again in early autumn.

Sweet-scented sumac, or fragrant (Rhus aromatica). © Clemson HGIC Sumy Naked (Rhus glabra). © ipfwToxicodendron fluffy, poisonous sumac (Toxicodendron pubescens). © homeopourtous

Deer Horn Summing

Olenergy sumac is considered one of the best woody trees that can grow well in poor soils and even in polluted urban conditions. This is a photophilous plant that prefers open solar grounds.

The only difficulty in the selection of conditions for deer horned sumach is the preference of the plant to the composition of the soil. This woody plant grows well only in sandy, sandy-stony, sandy-clay soils. Sumy prefers dry and loose garden soils, does not tolerate high occurrence of groundwater and waterlogging, dense soils, but can withstand moderately moist and wet drained soil types. The undoubted "plus" - sumachs can put up with a slight salinization and settle in places where most classical wood trees will not grow.

Deer Horn Sumy, or Suma Fluffy, Acetic Tree. © IshKavetz

Acetica Care

In fact, the sumachu reindeer is no care at all. This plant is not afraid of even severe droughts and does not require watering, it is heat-resistant, it can surprise with a repeated wave of flowering. There is no need to feed for this woody.

One of the key features of this species is the ban on pruning. Admire the unique bends of branches and bizarre pattern of the crown is possible only in adult trees, on old, pristine shoots. All pruning procedures are reduced to the removal of dry, damaged branches, that is, to sanitary measures. If you want to succeed in its cultivation, the plant will allow better to grow freely. But if the tree itself is not touched, then with the root shoots will have to fight tirelessly. Sumy grows very actively, produces numerous root processes and in this looks like wild or old garden cherries. And if you do not remove the sprouts, then sums will literally flood everything around.

Sumy practically does not get sick, does not attract garden pests.

Wintering sumach

In spite of the fact that deer-horn sumas in the middle lane freezes over, it does not need protection for the winter and grows well without any shelter. The shoots of this tree have time to woody only 2/3 of the length, but it is quickly restored and there are almost no signs of winter damage on the vinegar tree.

Deer Horn Sumy, or Sumy Fluffy, Acetic Tree (Rhus typhina). © Mirage Bookmark

Breeding sumach

Sumy is one of the rare woody trees that is best propagated vegetatively. The main drawback of the plant at the same time turns into a real surprise: the active release of root shoots allows you to constantly get new specimens of plants. The saplings separated from the mother bush adapt very well to the new place.

But getting sumach from this seed is a real challenge. Seed germination lasts only 3-4 years, while the maximum performance of 2% rarely occur. Yes, seedlings are not viable (even those plants that can be diluted, unlike those obtained from shoots, will die off after 15-20 years). The germination of sumac seeds requires a two-month stratification, germination is increased by treatment with concentrated sulfuric acid and scalding (treatment with acid should last 50 minutes, and the seeds are boiled down immediately after the procedure).

The vinegar tree will be able to compete with many ornamental trees not only in beauty, but also in unpretentiousness. On one large leaf of the tree can be up to 28 small leaves. It has a particularly elegant and expressive appearance in the fall, when all the leaves are painted in different shades of yellow, green, and red. Flowering - first to mid-summer. Inflorescences seem lush solid cones. Fruits of some species are used to make spices. They are famous for their antioxidant properties. Tannins of wood used for dyeing and tanning leather. Healing properties of sumach used in the Middle Ages. It is actively used by many beekeepers.

Sumy has about 200 specieswhich may differ in appearance and have different growing conditions.

Types of Acetic Tree

  • Fragrant. It grows to a height of no more than 2 meters. Inflorescences of yellow shades, similar to the ear. The fruits are bright red colors. In the middle there is a large bone.
  • Deer Horn The most often met, magnificent and beautiful look. It grows up to 10 m. The leaves are large, slightly velvety. Inflorescences are like thick panicles. The variety has a large number of root shoots.
  • Chinese. It has a small color, collected in the ear, with a whitish tinge. Place of growth - Asia.
  • Tannic. The average tree height is 5 meters. Leaves in length can reach 18 cm of white or greenish shades. Inflorescences-panicles - up to 25 cm. Ripe fruits - brown-red color.

  1. Many gardeners, it won its unpretentiousness and undemanding in care. It can grow on almost any soil, even where ordinary trees will not grow. If there is a choice of where to plant, then you can choose saline or acidic soils, sandy loam. Will normally transfer and landing on poor stony or dry soils.
  2. Landing place. Deer Horn likes well-lit places. In the penumbra (and especially in fully darkened places) it is not desirable to plant it. The plant can take down any temperature conditions of a temperate climate: both heat and severe frosts. But a strong squall wind can be disastrous for him, therefore, it is better not to land in open areas.

  1. Growing seedlings. It is not so difficult to get it, because you can use the young shoots that give roots. To do this, just look at the healthiest of them and dig using a shovel with a sharp edge. Due to the fact that the plant not only grows from the root, but also tries from it, it is better to dig deeper.
  2. Saving the seedling. If a young tree is planted not immediately: you need to transport it or simply postpone planting for several days, you need to take several measures to preserve it. Young roots put in a plastic bag, before which, wrap them with a woolen cloth or put in the package sawdust on the level of the root. This will reduce the risk of damaging and drying the roots. In such conditions, they can be stored for 6−8 days.
  3. Preparation for landing and landing. Depending on the size of the roots, the pit for planting should be at least 40 by 40 cm. Before you place the seedling there, a mixture of soil and humus is poured into the pit, a bucket of water flows into it. Planting should be done only after the water fully enters the soil. A sapling should fall asleep by the mark that it grew before. Usually it is well viewed. Already planted sumac again watered in the area of ​​the bookmark roots. Sumy does not require fertilizers, but when used, it will take root much faster and start growing. In the future, can thank the gardener flowering and elegant crown.
  4. Planting sumac from bones. There is nothing difficult in this landing. Dug a shallow hole (15−20 cm), put there a little fertilizer mixed with the soil, and lay a stone, sprinkle with earth well. Shoots, however, need to wait about a month. If you choose this method, you need to remember that the hard shell of the stone must be damaged before planting so that the sprout can appear. Otherwise, it may simply not pass through the thick skin. Many experienced gardeners consider it a big mistake to grow sumac from pits. Such plants are often weak and non-viable. Caring for young trees grown from seeds requires special conditions. This process is often very difficult for those who are engaged in gardening not so long ago.

Proper care

The tree gives a lot of shoots. Therefore, deciding to plant it at home, you need to be prepared for this. From it is very difficult to get rid of, because you need to constantly destroy.

  1. Watering. Sumy well tolerates even dry periods without watering. But in a hot time, it is still worth pampering him with water (not over-wetting) at least once every 1-2 weeks. This will improve flowering and revitalize the foliage.
  2. Feeding. The tree practically does not need them. Possible maximum amount of mineral supplements - 1 time per year. More frequent fertilization can have the opposite effect or even destroy the plant.
  3. Crop. In a natural habitat, the vinegar tree can grow up to 10 meters. At the same time, he has a drawback - poorly tolerates severe frosts. And in areas where there are severe frosts in winter, the upper branches can freeze. Thus, in the spring pruning of the branches that have been frozen out is considered a mandatory procedure. This procedure can give a stronger impetus to the growth of young kidneys.
  4. Preparing for the winter. The tree rarely dies due to severe frosts, even without shelter. This is facilitated by a powerful root system. In the case of frostbite and further pruning branches, they quickly grow.
  5. Pest control. Sumy is affected by pests and diseases in rare cases. Even the hares do not touch the bark of the tree. Sometimes it is possible the defeat of fungal infections (mainly during waterlogging).

Acetic tree in landscape design

The vinegar tree is a spectacular plant that is often equated to something exotic. It has an unusual foliage and grows very quickly, so you need to leave a lot of space for it. The last years in landscape design are very relevant, but often they are used either as a single accent, or low-growing trees are chosen as neighbors. Looks good on the alpine hills and rockeries as dominant. Thanks to its powerful root system, it is also used as a means to strengthen slopes and soil.

Its effectiveness is also emphasized by coniferous plants, especially in autumn, when bright, motley, slightly velvety foliage and seedbed of sumach are perfectly combined with strict green coniferous plants.

If at home a tree can reach and 10 meters high, then in Europe, due to the formation of the crown by trimming it does not grow more than 3-5 meters.

One of its many flaws is its fragility. One tree does not grow in one place for more than 20 years. But it can be easily "restored" thanks to the young shoots.

In autumn, small fruits appear on the tree.that taste sour. Most grow trees only for decoration. And the people of the southern countries make not only spice from fruits, but also make aromatic sour wine. It turns out of them and good vinegar, especially relevant for marinades.

One of the most common ornamental trees is the Sumy Deer Horn or Acetic Tree, the photo and description of which, the content of our article.

Sumy deserved so much attention due to the fact that it is unpretentious, has many useful properties and is the main decoration of any yard.

Its huge leaves in summer and spring give a pleasant shade, and in autumn they are painted in incredibly bright colors.

Application in landscape design

Thanks to its lush and rich form, the culture looks perfect on empty areas of the lawn, scattering like an acacia in Safari. It is combined with coniferous cultures.

It should be noted that the culture in the garden reaches a maximum of 5 meters. It is important that it can be planted on poor and dry soil. The main condition for growth is a sufficient amount of light and the absence of waterlogging.

Care features

Culture absolutely does not require any care. She calmly tolerates drought, does not require watering, can bloom several times per season.

Interestingly, not required and pruning, more precisely, it is completely prohibited (with the exception of sanitary procedures). But this tree has a huge disadvantage! Root growth can fill the entire garden, with its abundance of sprouts similar to wild cherry.

Acetic tree: growing features

Before you decide on planting vinegar, it is recommended to familiarize yourself with the peculiarities of its cultivation:

  • The tree has good adaptability to different climatic conditions and easily endures high frosts and other adverse conditions.
  • To obtain vinegar fruits, it is necessary to plant a female and a male individual close to each other.

A tree for admiration, soul and idleness.

Deer Horn Sumy - a catchy and memorable deciduous tree, whose feathery leaves, vaguely reminiscent of sprawling palm branches, give it an unprecedented volume. The attractive crown of autumn colors, unsightly flowers, collected in cone-shaped ears of inflorescences, create an object of admiration and admiration from the tree. That is why it is very popular with landscape designers, gardeners, gardeners and is often used in decorating the site. Favorite decorative form recognized Dissekta, whose branches are covered with bluish-silver leaves, and inflorescences attract a rich scarlet color.

For most of us, sumac deer-horny or sumah fluffy is familiar with the vinegar tree (vinegar). He owes the name only to the sour taste of his fruit. It should be noted that berries (vinegar fruits) are not consumed. They are recognized as poisonous, because they are supersaturated with tannic and dyeing properties, like the tree itself. However, many nations have adapted to make vinegar, which can also explain the name of this plant.

Decorative soumas reaches up to three meters in height, pinnate leaves are about 12 cm in length. The surface of each leaf (only up to 31 leaves in a complex sheet) feels velvet to the touch, the underside of the leaf has a white tint. Its form is toothed, pinnate, has a sharp tip.

In general, the appearance of a tree depends on the season and age. So, the young tree has a stately, smooth trunk. It is gaining length, stretches up. Then gradually acquires its usual and familiar look. The older the tree, the more attractive it is. The crown expands, showing all its power and splendor in the graceful twists of the branches. The tree significantly increases in volume throughout its growth. That is why when planting sumac should make significant stocks of the place. In summer, the vinegar tree surprises with its lush, saturated green foliage, this is the season when it blooms. The inflorescences consist of many crimson-red flowers and are shaped like constricted pyramids. By mid-autumn, the tree flashes bright red shades, the leaves of which play in the light like tongues of flame, and the plant becomes the most spectacular object in the garden. With the onset of winter, the aggressive color of the tree is again replaced by green tones. The crown of the tree is decorated with sumach fruits, which appear at the site of the inflorescences.

Selection of decorative sumac

In nature, there are about 250 species of sumach. However, most of them are not only not suitable for decorating the site, but can also cause harm to human health. This is due to the fact that many trees are saturated with poison, and one touch of a person is enough to form a burn on the skin. As an example, poisonous sumac.

Decorative non-poisonous trees (in addition to the vinegar tree) are:


1. Summa naked. This look looks very similar to fluffy sumas. Различия заключаются в следующем: листья этого дерева достигают полуметра в длину, с оголенными побегами (отсюда и название вида), соцветия окрашены не только в красный, но и белый цвет, а ягоды созревают уже к сентябрю и держатся целую зиму.

2. Сумах ароматный. Это раскидистый (до 3-х метров в длину) кустарник, высота которого не больше одного метра. Цветет этот вид аккуратными еле заметными соцветиями в середине лета по достижению пяти лет.

Применение уксусного дерева в оформлении сада

Сумахи - растения-одиночки. Очень важно грамотно определить их место посадки. They do not like a close neighborhood, they need a large space, they look advantageous anywhere. For this reason, it is better to surround them with low-growing low-key plants, or leave them alone.

Deciduous trees are also good companions for vinegar. Due to its exotic appearance, it will look great on
any plane, but suitable for fixing on the slopes, since such an arrangement most often takes place in the wild.

Subtleties when landing sumach

Acetic wood is an unpretentious plant that gets on in almost all conditions. But still it is necessary to take into account some aspects during its landing. First, the tree needs the sun, and therefore it is better to plant it in an open area. Secondly, it is necessary to know that it prefers loose soil with a low moisture content. Mossy or dense soils are not for him, however, draining soils of medium humidity or soils with a slight salinization of soums will transfer, unlike most trees.