Fruit trees

White plum honey description, varieties, soil preparation, harvesting

Honey Plum it stands out against the background of other fruit and stone trees in the spring with its large white flowers, the tree is literally showered with them, and in the summer the fruits of amber color ripen on it. This variety is easy to grow, the tree can grow in different climates.

Description of the yellow plum variety Honey

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Honey Plum variety White was bred in Ukraine by L. I. Taranenko in the Donetsk branch of the Institute of Horticulture UAAS.

The tree in height reaches 5-7 m. The branches grow rarely, the openwork crown in the shape of a ball or a pyramid. Flower buds are laid on annual growths. Although the tree has few branches, but a lot of fruits ripen. The plum buds bloom a little earlier than other plum trees. It blooms before blooming buds.

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Fruits are oval or round-pear-shaped. They are large, the weight of one plum is up to 50 g. The fruit has a dense peel of a golden yellow color with a whitish wax coating. At full ripeness on the fruit from the side from which the sun was shining, an orange blush may appear.

Juicy flesh may be greenish-yellow or golden. The fruits smell good. Sweetness prevails in taste, sourness is barely noticeable. The fruit has a taste of honey. The bone is round, medium in size, it is very difficult to separate from the pulp.

Advantages and disadvantages

Merits varieties:

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• refers to the early
• high-yielding (35-40 kg of fruits are removed from a tree),
• the tree calmly tolerates heat and drought,
• withstands temperatures down to -30 ° C in winter
• a tree begins to fruit after 3-5 years after planting a seedling,
• fruits have excellent taste, they have a presentation, are transportable.

The disadvantage is that the tree is too tall. In the garden it will take a lot of space.

How to choose the seedlings

• Purchase a seedling at a trusted store, its root system should branch out, the root length should be about 25 cm.

• Carefully consider the purchased seedling. He must have a central conductor and 3-5 shoots 60 cm long.

• The vaccination site should be covered with bark; there should be a slight bend near the trunk. When planting, the vaccination site should be 10 cm above the landing level.

• It is necessary to make sure that the bark is elastic, without cracks and wounds. The height of the trunk is about 50 cm, the thickness is about 2.5 cm.

• The most well-established 2-year-old trees.

Site preparation

Since the tree is high, it needs a large area. Plum loves bright sunshine. In the shade it grows poorly. The place should be protected from drafts and northern winds. Other trees should be protected from the plum at a distance of 3-5 m.

Pick a level place, but you can also choose some elevation. Groundwater should lie no higher than 1.5-2 m from the surface of the earth.

For plum preferably loam, sod-podzolic land. Pick a plot with fertile soil that conducts moisture. You can plant a plum on drained peatland, but before planting it is necessary to deoxidize, pour dolomite flour or lime.

Reference! The tree will not grow on swampy, stony land, soils that have acidic characteristics.

Landing pit preparation

• In the fall, they dig up the earth, remove weeds, branches, and roots.

• If the land is fertile, then dig a hole 60 cm deep and 70 cm wide. If the ground is heavy or warm, then the size is increased by 40 cm. Drainage from sand and chips from the bricks are put on the bottom of the hole.

• The excavated earth is mixed with 10 kg of rotted manure or 15 kg of compost, 500 g of superphosphate, 500 g of ash or 60 g of potassium sulfate. If the soil is acidic, then pour 300 g of lime.

• Pit a hole over this ground and pour 2 buckets of water.

• If you plan to plant a plum in the spring, prepare a pit in October. If you want to plant a tree in the fall, then prepare a hole 15 days before planting so that the soil has time to settle.

Stepwise landing process

1. Before planting, consider the roots, if they find rotten or dead spots, then cut them with a sharp knife to a healthy tissue. Make a talker of clay on the consistency close to sour cream. The roots are dipped into a talker, then they will not dry out.

2. In the pit make a cone of earth. A peg is driven in from the north, which should be equal in height to a boom height.

3. Put the seedling on the earthen cone, spread the roots well. Pour the soil without fertilizer, so as not to burn the roots. The earth is compacted a little, the trunk is shaken, so that all the voids that have appeared between the roots are filled with soil.

4. Next, pour 2-3 buckets of clean water under one tree.

5. The root neck should be 3-5 cm above the ground. At the end they tie a tree with string to a peg.

Useful! Do you need to plant trees to pollinate pollinators?
Yes, the tree is self-productive. Pollinate Honey Plum such varieties as Renklod Karbysheva, Hungarian Donetsk, Hungarian early Donetsk.

Watch the video! Planting and plum fertilizer

• water,
• form the crown,
• fertilize
• implement preventive measures against diseases and attacks of pests.

And then you will harvest abundant harvests.

In the second year after planting a crown is formed. This is done at the end of the first month of spring or early April:

• Cut sick, broken, crooked twigs. As a basis, 5-7 of the strongest branches are left. They should grow at a 45 degree angle from the trunk,

• The lower tier consists of 3 branches. Each subsequent tier should be formed from 2 branches that are at a different level,

• The branches should be directed in opposite directions and stand 20 cm apart. Total crown form 5 years.

The following year, thin out the crown, cutting off the branches that grow up. And last year's gains are a little pruned. The wounds are smeared with garden pitch.

The tree is well adapted to heat and drought. But still it needs to be watered:

• after the buds bloom,
• when plums begin to be tied,
• when the plums are poured,
• in the fall produce water-charging irrigation.

When watering under one tree, 5 buckets of water are poured, and before harvesting, the amount of water is increased.

Weeding, loosening, mulching

When weeding, weeds are pulled out, on which pests multiply.

After each irrigation, the soil is loosened so that a crust does not appear on the soil surface. Land is loosened from May to June, when branches grow and plums are poured. And after they stop loosening, because then the fruits will ripen better.

On the ground near the circle of the near-trunk circle, they enclose mulch from peat land, compost, chopped straw, rotted sawdust. Mulching prevents the evaporation of moisture, while weed grass does not grow so intensively.

Reference! If while digging the soil and when planting seedlings into the ground you poured all the required fertilizers, then the tree is fed only 2–3 years after planting.

• Early in the spring, before the leaves start to bloom, 25 g of urea, 60 g of ammonium sulphate, a bucket of rotted manure are sprinkled into 1 m².

• In spring, they do 2-3 times additional dressing with 0.5% carbamide solution. Between dressings it is necessary to make a gap of 7-10 days.

• In the fall, 45 g of potash fertilizers are poured into 1 m² of the circle of the trunk;

Preparing Honey Plum for Winter

• In the autumn, be sure to feed the trees and spawn the earth.

• If there is no rain, pour plum.

• Barrel needs to be whitened. You can buy whitewash in the store or do it yourself. Pour 200 g of copper sulfate into a bucket of hot water (10 liters), pour in mullein, add clay and lime and whitewash the stems.

• Cover the prestvolny circle with a mulch layer. You can also protect the trunk from hares, mice, wrapping it with sacking, rags.

Diseases and pests

Honey Plum variety white is resistant to diseases and pest attacks.

Fruit Rot. Plums begin to rot, being on a tree and when stored indoors. At first small brown spots appear, after which they expand.
In the spring, when the buds appear, spray the tree with 1% Bordeaux mixture or Horus solution. In the autumn, after removal of the plums, spray with copper sulphate, Kuproksat or any preparation that contains copper.

Rust. When it is on the foliage between the streaks visible spots, which are converted into pads. If you notice a disease, then cut off the diseased branches and leaves, burn them, and then spray the plum with 1% Bordeaux liquid, Topaz or Vectra. 20 days after treatments, spraying must be repeated.

Klesterosporiosis or perforated spotting. You can detect the disease in spring by seeing small brownish-red spots on the foliage. Treat the drain with a solution of ferrous sulfate, pour 300 g of powder into a bucket of clean water (10 l). If the buds have already started to bloom, then spray the tree with 1% Bordeaux liquid.
If you notice gum therapy in the spring, then cut the branches and treat the wounds with garden pitch.

Pests and control of them

Plum sawfly. Caterpillars grow in plum. The first time they sprayed the tree several days before the buds start to bloom with 10% solution of Karbofos or Benzophosphate. The second time they spray the plum after it has faded, with the preparations Rogor, Gordon, Tsidial. The third time is treated a month before the fruit is taken with Metaphos or Phosphamide.

Plum moths. They are detected by dark dots on plum, the berries themselves are made sluggish and fall from the tree. The tree is treated with chlorophos, stirring 30 g of the drug in a bucket of clean water (10 l).

Comma-like shield. The scythos have proboscis with which they pierce the foliage and bark, and then suck the juices. From pests sprayed tree Fitoverm, Corbafoss-500, Rogor-S, Novaktion.

Aphid. These very small insects can drink all the juices, while the leaves curl. Spray the tree with Aktar, Confidor or Karbofos. The dignity of Aktar is that the product is not washed off the leaves from the showers. Another aphids are eliminated with a folk remedy, pouring 400 g of wood ash into 4 liters of boiling water, carefully stirring the composition. Pour there to enhance the effect of 3 tbsp. spoons of vinegar and 3 tbsp. spoons of tar soap. Cool the mixture and water the tree.

Harvesting

Honey Plum white refers to different varieties. Plums are harvested from late July to early August.

Useful! First, remove the plums from the lowest branches, then rise higher and higher. Since the tree is high, a ladder is used at harvest. One plum is harvested up to 35 kg of berries.

Fruits that you want to store, carefully pick off the stalks so as not to affect the wax on the fruits. Place the berries in wooden boxes, pre-covering them with paper. Make 3 layers. Indoors, at an air temperature of 0-2 ° С, humidity of 90% of the berries will remain for 60 days. You can put the berries in the fridge by wrapping them in polyethylene with holes made.

Volodja:
I purchased a tree Honey varieties in the nursery. The first time the amount of plums collected a small amount. The following year, the harvest became more abundant. The tree has grown tall. A few years after planting, I began to collect large harvests from it.

Niktarinka:
I really liked the sweet and honey taste. Honey variety plum white I can preserve fruit in the fall for the winter.

Honey Plum highlights the taste of fruit with a finish of honey, the tree grows in different climates, gives abundant crops.

Watch the video! Honey Plum

Secrets of the acquisition of plum seedlings

Regardless of the breeding technology, the growth of Honey Plum, at the very first time, directly depends on the good condition of the seedling. For this reason, his choice must be approached with all seriousness. To plant material for planting, professionals recommend not on the Internet and not from suspicious market traders, but in specialized botanical institutions. The main wishes for seedlings, of course, are a high-quality system of horses and a good straight trunk.

Take a closer look. Do not frozen, dead endings, rottenness, obscure specks, scratches, dents, and other unusual formations and growths. In addition, the roots should be massive and fairly branched. It is imperative to check that they are not dried out by scratching a small process. In a scratched place, a quality sample will have raw wood, not a dried brown interior.

It is advisable to stay on the choice of low copies, up to 1.5 meters. Because, more tall seedlings, can create a misconception about their own potential. In fact, these specimens are hard to take root and for a long time of year do not show any signs of growth. Having ascertained that the root system is in order, look around the whole trunk and its base. On a tree that feels good, there will be an even and clean trunk, with about five branches and bark of uniform color leaving it, without wounds and dents.

In special trade institutions and botanical gardens seedlings sold without leaves on them and with smeared with clay roots. If you will, for a long time to transport it, check that the plant is brought into the appropriate state for it. To do this, its branches are slightly bent and tied in the direction of the trunk, and rhizome wrapped in wet sackcloth and wrapped with cellophane. Although in the form of an alternative option, you can use the package with wet soil in which the seedling is placed.

  • Attention! Fruit plums are much longer preserved, if they are placed in a cold place, wrapped with plastic film with small holes.
  • Attention! Persons having urolithiasisIt is strongly contraindicated to eat plums.

Site selection and soil preparation

With proper planting in the garden area, honey plumwill not give you much difficulty. In order for its processing to be effective, correctly select a place to disembark. It can be an open, non-planted area with optimal, soft, sunlight and sandy or clayey soil.

This plant though unpretentious, but still it will start to grow more effectively in a place fenced from winds and cold gusts. Do not place it where there is a lot of moisture. In this regard, consider when choosing a landing site so that the site is not located in a place where there is groundwater at a depth of two meters from the surface of the earth.

Is of great importance the presence of high acidity in the soil, for the reason that at the stage of rooting the growth of a seedling, it is necessary to add charcoal or substances containing lime to the earth. On clay soil, it will be necessary to add to the soil 500 grams of fluff per 1 sq. / M. the garden plot, and for the soil with sandy composition, the rate will be 200 grams per 1 sq. / m. Initially, lime is added to the ground, and then dug as deep as possible.

The method of planting young seedlings

Most gardeners mistakenly believe that planting all fruit plants is a typical and ordinary procedure:

  • dug a hole
  • installed a tree in it
  • poured water
  • and covered with earth.

However, in reality everything is not so easy. Trees of the fruit category have quite a few interesting points that must be taken into account.

So let's gradually figure out how to grow honey plum:

  1. The planting of honey varieties of white plum can be done both in autumn and in spring, but it is preferable to do this in early spring. And to prepare the soil should begin in mid-autumn. If you decide to plant the seedlings in autumn, then scattering lime powder and digging up the ground should be done a fortnight before.
  2. In order for the plant to stick easily and grow well and stronger, it is desirable to plant it in the soil fertilized with useful elements.
  3. Next, carefully examine the root system of the existing seedlings, again examine them for dryness. And as a result of rotting or dead ends, remove the unsuitable parts until fresh wood pulp. If the roots were not smeared with a clay composition, it is mandatory to do this at the moment.
  4. Only after all these actions are completed, the tree is allowed to be immersed in the soil, but so that the peg is located on the southern side of the thin trunk and protects its own surface from the burning spring sun. Carefully fold the roots. And pour into the soil where the seedling is water, until the ground stops absorbing the liquid. Cover the root system with fertilized soil, so that the root collar peeks out of the ground for 3-5 centimeters.
  5. Properly tamp the ground and shake the tree to fill the empty spaces between the roots. From above, it is allowed to tuck the landing site with plain ground. Cover the place around the trunk with peat, in order to be able to hold water in the soil longer. Tie the branches to a dug peg.
  • Useful information! Самое большое количество этого сорта слив на земле, разводит Иран.
  • Attention! Mulching holes around the trunk of fruit trees, each time do a distance of 10-15 cm from the seedling. All this is done to ensure that during the decay of the substance the plant does not become infected by pests.

Prevention and protection against diseases and pests

Despite the fact that biologists have cultivated a culture of endurance genes to diseases, however, if there is an incorrect treatment, harmful bacteria and parasites can attack the tree. Finding brown spots on the leaves, which dynamically develop in size and finally destroy the tree, get ready to fight the disease.

The main thing with minor expressions of the disease remove all diseased areas of the plant and burn them, and treat the normal branches for preventive purposes with copper oxide before the appearance of flowers and ovaries on them. If there is no such preparation, he can find a replacement from Bordeaux mixture, and at the end of the harvest, disinfect the foliage with a one-percent compound.

If brown spots appear on the fruits themselves, leaving, after their formation, fungal, dirty-gray ringlets, the plum must be treated for fruit rot. This is done by the method of immediate removal of all diseased fruits and pollinated with Bordeaux mixture.

Then, as soon as the trunk without sharp reasons began to sharpen sapIt will require spraying of a one-percent composition of copper sulfate. Gommoz is still able to stop the removal of significantly damaged processes and the treatment of wounds on the bark in the spring with the help of a garden war.

Among the pests are plum moths that cause maximum damage to the fruits of this plum variety. To determine their presence, it is possible by the black dots on the fruits that begin to grow and fall off before the time. Professionals recommend eliminating trouble with chlorophos.

The active mixture is diluted at the rate of 30 grams of substance per ten liters of water. Precautionary tree care consists of picking up the foliage in time and digging in the earth around the perimeter of the tree crown. Additionally, the presence of nearby anthills will improve the situation.

However, this method is risky, for the reason that it may appear a new parasite - aphidwhich also loves to eat fruits and white plum juice. The arrival of this pest, accompanied by the appearance of twisted leaves, and the lifelessness of fresh shoots. You can say goodbye to aphids with a solution of charcoal in the ratio of 400 grams per 4 liters of boiling water.

For the sake of improving the action, three tablespoons of vinegar and soap with tar should be added. For prevention, spraying is performed before the appearance of flowers with a periodic interval of two weeks. Professionals recommend during the formation of buds to use special drugs.

The next problem for this variety of white honey plum is considered shield. It is noticeable on leaves and sprouts in the form of formations in the form of a comma. During the pest activity, the branches dry out, and the bark peels off the trunk. To overcome the parasite will allow 3% composition of nitrofenwhich is recommended to use before the appearance of the kidneys. And also autumn whitewashing of trees will help.

  • Useful information! The constant use of yellow plums in food contributes to the normalization of the human immune systems and the restoration of body cells.
  • Useful information! The life of a white honey plum is about 25 years, and the harvest they give is only 15 years.

Variety description

Honey White Plum was obtained by Ukrainian breeders in the Donetsk branch of the Institute of Horticulture. Currently grown in Ukraine almost everywhere, as well as distributed in the Moscow region and the Central Black Earth region.

In late July, the branches of Honey are literally covered with bright large plums.

The trees of this variety are vigorous, reach 7 m in height. Crowns are not too branched, they are distinguished by medium density. Flower buds are laid mainly on annual shoots.

Flowering occurs in the early stages, when pollinating insects are still small, so it is sometimes advisable to resort to manual transfer of pollen.

In order to ensure pollination, other varieties of plums should be present in the garden, such as Early Hungarian Donetsk, Renklod Karbysheva, Early Hungarian.

The fruits of plum are bright yellow with a white wax coating.

Oval fruits Honey White weighs an average of 30-50 g, they have a yellow and transparent skin, covered with a waxy coating. At full ripeness on plums orange blush appears. The bones are round, medium size.

The flesh is thick, rich yellow and very sweet, but not cloying to the taste. It has a pleasant aroma, badly separates from the bone.

Contains a large amount of vitamin P and is considered useful in hypertension.

Tree care

Honey White's plum care involves not only watering and fertilizer, but also a whole range of activities for the formation and improvement of the crown. In addition, you need to pay attention to the preparation of the tree for the winter.

Honey White plum should be watered 5-6 times a year. The first moistening of the soil is carried out immediately after flowering, the second time - 15–20 days after the appearance of the ovaries, then again after 2 weeks, as well as when the fruits ripen and after they are harvested.

The water rate is 20–25 l per tree. Particular attention should be paid to water-recharge irrigation, since the hardiness of the tree depends on it.

It is held at the end of October - beginning of November, up to 80 l of water should be spent on 1 tree.

After watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil and mulch it with manure or peat.

Plum is very responsive to top dressing, therefore regular introduction of humus, manure, peat and mineral fertilizers is required. In the fall, potassium and phosphorus supplements should be used with organic matter. Nitrogen - in two steps: one part in the spring, and the second - after flowering. For weakened trees, additional fertilizing with diluted bird droppings or slurry is helpful.

Complete mineral fertilizer — nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium — is introduced to a depth of 12–18 cm under digging or locally into pits 40–45 cm deep. A good result, especially in the southern regions, is given by laying fertilizers into a groove 45–65 cm deep. When damaged plum roots should increase the dose of phosphate dressing, which contributes to the regeneration of the root system.

Every 5 years it is desirable to conduct liming of the soil. To do this, add 0.3–0.5 kg of lime or dolomite per 1 m2 of circle wheel.

Amount and composition of fertilizers change as the tree grows:

  • In the second year, 10–15 kg of organic matter and 45–50 g of nitrate are applied to 1 tree (phosphate-potassium fertilizers can be dispensed with).
  • For a 3-4–4 year old plum, 18–20 kg of organic matter, 70–80 g of saltpeter, 90–100 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium salts are required.
  • From 5–6 years, organics need 20–30 kg each, saltpeter — 100 g, superphosphate — 150 g, potash fertilizers — 70–80 g.

The foliar top dressings with micronutrients such as copper, magnesium, manganese, and zinc have a very good effect on the plum. Spraying the leaves with a 0.1% solution of zinc sulfate is especially useful (for young trees, the concentration is reduced by 1.5–2 times).

For the formation of a strong skeleton of a tree in the first 2-3 years, an excessively thickened and too long growth is removed, competing shoots are cut on the ring. If necessary, branches give the right direction, bending them.

Further tree formation depends on the correct pruning.

The crown of a young, but already fruit-bearing tree should be regularly thinned out, removing or shortening thickening shoots, excess branches. At the time of full fruiting pruning is carried out to increase the power of growth.

Trimming improves airflow and crown illumination.

For old trees with weaker growth, it is necessary to produce a strong rejuvenation of 3–5-year-old wood. For this, weak, densely arranged branches are cut out over the entire crown.

For plums with a weak increase will help increase the yield of anti-aging pruning

If during the winter the drain is partially frozen, the damaged areas should be removed. The tree recovers fairly quickly.

With poor care, plum trees, mostly old, often hit with gum. Since it occurs during mechanical damage, you need to monitor the safety of bark and wood (especially in spring).

At the beginning of the growing season (April – May), wounds should be cleared and treated. Hollows are recommended to be filled with cement; this should be done on dry and warm days.

A type of pruning is the removal of root shoots. It should be cut at the very base at least 3-5 times per summer (otherwise the growth of the tree is weakened). After harvesting, the bare roots are covered with earth.

For too large yields, rationing (thinning) may be required. Thin out the fruits when they become the size of a hazelnut, and they will form bones. With an increase in the discharge by half, rationing is repeated, leaving a distance of 5–8 cm between them.

Thinning out the fruit, do not tear them with your hands - you can damage the twigs. Use a knife or pruner.

Thanks to thinning, better and larger fruits can be obtained.

Preparing for the winter

Honey Plum is sufficiently resistant to frost, but in anticipation of the cold you need to take some protective measures.

The trunk and shtamb of a tree should be cleared of dead bark, lichen with the help of a metal brush.

After that, whiten with a mixture of lime (2–2.5 kg), copper sulfate (0.4 kg), glue or paste (200–300 g) and 1 bucket of water. The trunk and base of the skeletal branches can be wrapped with burlap.

Pests and diseases

Honey White plum is resistant to moniliosis, but the tree can affect other diseases, as well as some pests.

Rust is a fungal disease that affects the leaves and causes them to die.

Cameras are accompanied by the release of resin from the branches and the trunk

Rot causes damage to fruits, it is transmitted by wind, contact of fruits and insects

Caterpillars codling mills not only spoil the appearance of the fruit, but also cause their abscission

Shchitovka refers to wintering pests, it is very stable and dangerous

Aphid sucks the juice from the leaves and shoots

Gardeners reviews

Plum Honey - wonderful, dense, meaty!

Natalia

My neighbor is growing such a plum, it is really sweeter than honey. Very tasty.

Valery

The advantage of plum White honey is that the fruits are large, have good taste, early ripening.

Tatunechka

About the yellow plums. I read good reviews about the plum Honey White - I would like to plant. But, I see, they are mainly sold in Ukraine, Krasnodar Territory, in Volgograd. That is, we must understand that in the Tver region it is useless to try to plant it?

Orange

Plum varieties Honey White tolerates frosts and is not too whimsical in care. With the observance of the simple rules of agrotechnology, this tree will for a long time please its owner with sweet, like honey, and very useful plums.

Honey White Plum: description and characteristics of the variety

Against the backdrop of luxurious peaches, juicy pears and apples, plums seem to be a modest tree. But do not drain the variety Honey White. This tree attracts attention in the spring, during flowering, and in the summer, when it is covered with a harvest of amber fruits. In addition, the variety is absolutely not capricious and adapts well to various conditions.

At the word “plum”, happy childhood years, low trees growing in each yard, and blue or purple sweet-sour fruits immediately come up. But it turns out that there are many other varieties that differ in color and taste.

Plum Honey white wonderful variety with great taste

The tree has a high growth from 5 to 7 m. There are not very many branches, and they form a sparse crown of a round or broad-pyramidal shape. Flower buds are laid on annual growths. Despite the small number of branches, plum Honey is very fruitful.

Flowering occurs a little earlier than other varieties, before the appearance of the leaves.

Honey White plum blossoms very early

Honey fruits are often oval or round-pear-shaped. They can be called large - the mass of the fetus pulls up to 50 g. The dense skin of yellow color is covered with a white wax coating. During the period of ripeness on the sunny side, a top coat may appear as an orange blush.

The flesh is intense yellow, sometimes green-yellow, dense structure, juicy, with a pronounced aroma. The taste is very sweet, but is set off by a barely perceptible sourness. The finish is pleasant honey. The rounded shape of the bone has an average size and is difficult to separate from the pulp.

Fruits of Honey White plum covered with wax

A distinctive feature of Honey Plum is its magnificent honey taste, unpretentiousness to environmental conditions and abundant fruiting. The variety also boasts excellent adaptability to almost any terrain.

Honey white plum - high-yielding variety

How to choose the planting material?

The most crucial moment from which the planting process begins is the purchase of a sapling. Here are some tips to help you make the right choice.

  • You need to buy seedlings from trusted vendors, and best of all in special nurseries. It sells only varietal trees - grafted or budded.
  • First of all, pay attention to the root system. It should consist of several branches, not less than 25 cm long. The more powerful and thicker the roots, the better. Naturally, they should not be any damage.
  • Look at the vaccination site. It should be completely covered with bark and have a slight bend. The vaccination site is 10 centimeters higher than the intended landing level.
  • The bark of the trunk should be elastic, without damage. The height of the trunk is about 50 cm, the thickness is not less than 2.5 cm. In addition to 3-5 branches, up to 60 cm long, the seedling should have a central conductor.
  • The best survival rate have 2-year-old seedlings.

Selection of plum seedlings - a responsible matter

Landing time

Landing dates are directly dependent on the climatic conditions of the region. In southern areas it is best to plant in the fall.

October is the most suitable month, before the onset of frost, the White Honey plum will have time to take root and adapt. In middle latitudes spring planting is preferable.

In the middle or end of April, the weather sets in, favorable for a successful process. During the growing season, the seedling will finally get stronger and calmly survive the winter period.

Landing features

The health of the tree depends on the right seedling, the right place for planting and the quality of the soil, and hence the stability of future crops.

How to choose the planting material?

The most crucial moment from which the planting process begins is the purchase of a sapling. Here are some tips to help you make the right choice.

  • You need to buy seedlings from trusted vendors, and best of all in special nurseries. It sells only varietal trees - grafted or budded.
  • First of all, pay attention to the root system. It should consist of several branches, not less than 25 cm long. The more powerful and thicker the roots, the better. Naturally, they should not be any damage.
  • Look at the vaccination site. It should be completely covered with bark and have a slight bend. The vaccination site is 10 centimeters higher than the intended landing level.
  • The bark of the trunk should be elastic, without damage. The height of the trunk is about 50 cm, the thickness is not less than 2.5 cm. In addition to 3-5 branches, up to 60 cm long, the seedling should have a central conductor.
  • The best survival rate have 2-year-old seedlings.

Selection of plum seedlings - a responsible matter

Site preparation

The choice of location is of great importance for the normal development of the plum tree. Still, despite the stated cold resistance, plum gentle and thermophilic plant. Therefore, for planting you need to choose the most lit place, without shading - the plum does not like the shadow.

The direction of the plot is south or southwest. Also, seedlings must be protected from the cold winds prevailing in the winter, and drafts. Located close to the building and fences are not welcome - they delay snow drifts, which can cause bark heating.

The plot should be flat, it would be even better if the sink turned out to be planted on a small hill. This will avoid flooding in the rainy period and after the massive melting of snow. Groundwater should be at a level of 1.5 - 2 m from the soil surface.

To soils, plum tree is demanding. Fertile, moisture-conducting lands are suitable for it - loamy and sod-podzolic. It grows well on drained peatlands, but liming is always carried out on them before planting.

The landing of the Honey White plum is traditionally carried out in pre-prepared landing pits. For spring planting, work begins in the fall, before the onset of frost. For autumn planting - 2 weeks before the proposed procedure.

Honey Plum is best planted in a well-lit area

Landing pit preparation

  • The soil is dug up and released from plant residues.
  • Размеры ямы на плодородных почвах — 60 см в глубину и 70 в ширину.На тяжёлых и подтапливаемых почвах размеры увеличиваются примерно на 30 – 40 см и в основании ямы обязательно укладывается дренажный слой из битого кирпича и крупного песка.
  • Отложенный плодородный слой земли перемешивается с 15 кг компоста или 10 кг перепревшего навоза, добавляют по 500 г суперфосфата и древесной золы (её можно заменить 60 г сернокислого калия). В кислые почвы добавляют 300 г доломитовой муки или гашёной извести.
  • The finished soil mixture is poured into a hole and poured over 2 buckets of water. In the subsequent period, the earth acquires the necessary structure and will not sink after landing.

The landing pit is prepared in advance.

Stepwise landing process

  • Before planting, the roots of the plum are dipped in a talker from the ground, which is sour cream in consistency. This protects the roots from drying out.
  • Soil mixture in the pit rake in the form of a cone. From the north side they drive in a stake, the height of which should not exceed the height of the trunk.
  • The root system is carefully placed on the sides of the hill, directing the ends down. Fill up with soil that does not contain fertilizer. Lightly tamped.
  • A watering hole is made around the sapling and 2 to 3 buckets of water are poured into it.
  • After the precipitation of the soil, the root neck should be 3–5 cm above the soil level. If the earth has slipped too much, then it is filled to the desired level.
  • The seedling is tied to a support with a soft rope.

After planting plum need to pour

Landing dates

Landing dates are directly dependent on the climatic conditions of the region. In southern areas it is best to plant in the fall.

October is the most suitable month, before the onset of frost, the White Honey plum will have time to take root and adapt. In middle latitudes spring planting is preferable.

In the middle or end of April, the weather sets in, favorable for a successful process. During the growing season, the seedling will finally get stronger and calmly survive the winter period.

Do I need pollinators?

Necessarily needed. Honey White plum is samozoplodnoy and without the participation of other varieties that bloom at the same time as it, the crop can not wait. Hungarian Early Donetsk, Renklod Karbysheva, Hungarian Donetsk will be suitable pollinators for Medovaya.

Honey White Plum: description and characteristics of the variety, advantages and disadvantages, features of planting and care + photos

Plum Honey white belongs to high-yielding varieties. It received its name due to the yellow color of the fruit, as well as the characteristic aroma and taste. Today it is one of the most popular varieties, which has pleased many gardeners.

Honey White - an exceptionally sweet variety with a delicate aroma of flower honey

The variety was bred in the Donetsk branch of the Institute of Gardening UAAN. Authorship belongs to the breeder L. I. Taranenko. Today, Honey White is spread throughout Ukraine, as well as in the Central Chernozem and Moscow Region regions of Russia. Trees grow to 5–7 m in height. This crop does not have a strong crown thickening, but this fact does not affect the quality of the crop.

Fruits are oval in shape, covered with transparent yellow skin, on which wax is visible. When they ripen, an orange blush appears. The mass of one plum is 30–50 g. The bones are medium, have a rounded shape.

The flesh is characterized by a saturated yellow color. The fruits are very sweet, but not cloying. On a five-point tasting scale, they are rated at 4.5 points.

A distinctive feature of the culture is resistance to frost and drought, as well as the characteristic honey flavor and aroma.

Advantages and disadvantages

Honey White is distinguished by abundant fruiting and unpretentiousness to growing conditions.

The advantages of the variety include the following characteristics:

  • early maturation
  • large size of fruits
  • dessert taste
  • the versatility of fruit use,
  • resistance to adverse climatic factors
  • good transportability.

As a disadvantage, gardeners distinguish only one feature of the plum - because of the large size, the tree takes up a lot of space on the site.

Landing features

Planting Honey occurs according to the general scheme for fruit trees.

Honey White plum is a self-productive crop, therefore when cultivating it is necessary to use pollinators. For this purpose, suitable varieties Renklod Karbysheva, Hungarian Donetsk or Hungarian Donetsk early. Also, before landing, you must consider the following features:

  • Choose a flat, well lit area. This culture prefers medium clay, sand or clay soils.
  • A mandatory step in planting the plum is the introduction of lime into the soil. In the absence of this component, it can be replaced by ash. The amount of lime depends on the type of soil. For clay and loamy soils, the norm is 500 g per 1 m2, for sandy - 200 g per 1 m2. Scatter the lime or ash evenly over the area, then dig the ground.
  • When planting several trees between them, you need to maintain a distance of 3-5 m.
  • Groundwater should be located no closer than 2 m to the surface.

Planting is carried out in the spring, before bud breaks, or in autumn - in the middle of October.. The pit is prepared in advance. For spring planting, this should be done in October, for autumn, 1.5–2 weeks before the planned disembarkation date. A plunge will require a pit 70 cm wide and 50–60 cm deep.

Seedlings for planting need to choose with strong skeletal branches

Plant Care

Trimming is done to properly form the crown.

Pruning allows you to create the desired shape of the crown and remove damaged branches. The procedure is performed three times a year. In the spring, the tree is pruned in late March or early April. The most suitable crown option for this crop is the sparse-tiered crown.

The trimming procedure has its own characteristics depending on the plum's age:

  • In the first year after planting, it is necessary to clean the trunk from side branches at 50 cm from the soil. The center conductor should also be shortened at 1.5 m. In July, the side shoots should be cut at a distance of 20 cm from the trunk. The central conductor is undesirable to touch. In autumn, in the second decade of September, remove all dry and damaged branches.
  • In the spring of the second year, the central shoot is shortened by 2/3 of the length. 5-7 largest branches are left on the tree. The distance between them should be equal to 20 cm. In the summer, the lateral branches should be cut at a level of 15 cm. Shoots gains should be shortened to 20 cm.
  • From the third year, every spring the central conductor is cut to 2/3 of the height. It is necessary to remove its gains, as well as broken and intersecting branches that grow on the sides. In the summer, shoots are shortened to a length of 20 cm. When the tree reaches 15 years old, a rejuvenating pruning should be done in the spring. It consists in removing only diseased and dry branches.

Honey needs 6 watering per year

Plum during the growing season requires 6 watering:

  • immediately after flowering
  • 2-3 weeks after the formation of the ovary,
  • after 14–17 days after the previous watering,
  • when ripe crop,
  • after picking fruit
  • in preparation for the winter (in September or October).

One tree requires 20-25 liters of water. But with autumn water recharge irrigation, the volume of liquid increases to 80 buckets. Then the soil should be mulched with a layer of manure or peat 10-15 cm thick.

Top dressing plums will allow to get a bountiful harvest

Fertilizing begin to make from the second year after planting. Young trees that have not yet begun to bear fruit are fertilized according to the following scheme:

  • In early May, the plum is fed with a mixture of 30 liters of water and 6 tbsp. l urea.
  • Next time fertilizer is applied in the first half of June. In the same amount of water diluted 9 tbsp. l nitrofoski.
  • In mid-August, for the feeding use a composition of 30 liters of water, 2 tbsp. l superphosphate and 2 tbsp. l potassium sulfate.

Fruit trees fertilize as follows:

  • The first dressing contribute to the beginning of flowering. The solution is prepared from 30 liters of water, 6 tbsp. l potassium sulfate and the same amount of urea.
  • The second time the tree is fed up during the ripening of the fruit. For this 9 tbsp. l nitrofoski, 6 tbsp. l urea diluted in 30 liters of water.
  • The third time the plum is fertilized after harvesting. A tree is watered with a composition of 30 liters of water, 9 tbsp. l superphosphate and 6 tbsp. l potassium sulfate.

Plum variety Honey White, description, characteristics and reviews, especially growing

Plum is considered a heat-loving plant, so some gardeners are afraid to plant these trees. However, there are a number of excellent winter-hardy varieties that can be grown in almost any region. These include and plum Honey white early ripening, characterized by large fruits with a delicate honey aroma.

The story of plum Honey white

Plum Honey white appeared in Ukraine. Sometimes it is called Honey Yellow. It should be borne in mind that both of these names - amateur. The real name of the variety is Renklod early, the author of which is L. I.

Taranenko, and homeland - Artemovskaya Experimental Station Nursery of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences. Honey white was obtained by crossing Jefferson and Peach plums.

It was originally recommended for cultivation in the steppe zone of Ukraine, but is now cultivated throughout the country, as well as in Russia (Central Chernozem District, Moscow Region).

Renklod early - the real name of plum Honey White and Honey Yellow

Site selection and planting material

Planting material is one or two year old trees. Indicators of the quality of seedlings are well-developed roots and the presence of two or three branches 35–40 cm long.

Honey Plum can grow on soils of almost any type, but prefers medium loam. The main condition is that the soil be sufficiently loose and nutritious.

Trees do not tolerate shading (leaves turn pale), so for planting you need to select a sunny area, protected from the cold wind.

Groundwater must lie at a depth of at least 2 m, otherwise you will have to plant a plum on an artificial hill.

Saplings require neutral soil. With increased acidity of the soil, it is necessary to advance the site in advance. For this, 400–800 g / m2 of lime is introduced under deep digging.

When digging the planting pit, the upper fertile soil layer should be set aside.

The landing pit should be ready 1.5–2 weeks before landing. The distance to neighboring trees should be 3 m. The dimensions of the pit are 0.5 m deep and 0.7 m in diameter. It is important to remove the topsoil from above and set it aside separately. The bottom of the pit is loosened with pitchforks, a stake is set in the center and the soil mix is ​​poured around it:

  • nutrient soil
  • 2–3 compost buckets
  • 0.15–0.2 kg of ammonium nitrate,
  • 0.25 kg of double superphosphate,
  • 0.2 kg of potassium sulfate.

Seedling planting procedure:

  • Inspect the seedling for damage. Remove dry and broken parts of roots and branches.
  • Set the tree north of the stake, straighten the roots, sprinkle them with soil mixture and compact them with your hands. Sapling must be slightly rocked to the soil filled all the voids between the roots. The trunk should be kept upright, and the root neck should be 4–5 cm above the soil level.If the root neck is deeply buried, the tree will grow poorly, and the bark of the lower part of the trunk will be heated up, if the planting is too small, the roots will dry out and in winter they can freeze out
  • Tie the barrel to the peg, form a hole, pour 2-3 buckets of water and mulch. For mulching any natural material is suitable: humus, peat, sawdust, dry leaves, crushed bark

Basic rules of care

Plum care consists of watering, cutting, feeding and loosening the soil. Competent performance of all these works will provide a good harvest.

Pruning helps to form the correct crown, as well as free the tree from diseased branches.

To form a plum start in the second year after planting, before bud break. If deadlines are missed, it is better to postpone the formation until the next season. Most often, the plum crown is made leader or vazoobraznoy.

The crown leader consists of a conductor and 2–3 tiers of the main branches. As soon as the tree reaches a height of 2–2.5 m, the conductor is cut to the side branch.

To form a crown in the form of a vase, the center conductor is cut out immediately, during the laying of the lower tier (3-4 branches). Since Honey White belongs to winter-hardy varieties, it can be 40–60 cm tall. The branching of each branch of the trunk is formed at a height of 0.5–1 m from its base, and the branches are directed outwards or sideways.

In the second year after planting, the formation of a plum begins.

Young trees are regularly pruned in the spring and correcting unsuccessfully growing branches (with too sharp angles of discharge, spacers should be installed). It is necessary to remove competing shoots and thickening branches.

When a tree is fully formed, it requires only regular (once every 2-3 years) thinning and sanitary pruning to remove diseased and dry branches (carried out as needed). Old trees rejuvenate, pruning old branches on the shoots of replacement.

Branches growing too close to the trunk should be corrected with spacers

A kind of pruning is the thinning of fruits. It is carried out only at very abundant harvests in order to avoid shallow plums and reduce the load on the branches.

The first thinning is performed when the plums reach the size of hazelnuts, and then - when they increase another 2 times.

For the first time, the tree has enough nutrients embedded in the pit when planted. From the second year and before the entry into fruiting, they are limited to the spring application of urea (20 g / m2) in the tree trunk circle.

When the tree begins to produce a crop, you need to provide it with additional food. In the fall, every square meter of the tree circle is fertilized with a mixture that includes:

  • manure (1–1.5 buckets),
  • carbamide (20–25 g),
  • superphosphate (30–35 g),
  • ash (0.2 kg).

After that, they dig up the earth. If the year is poor, autumn fertilization should be excluded, and next summer only summer dressing should be carried out, since an excess of nutrients causes branches to grow to the detriment of crop formation. During the period of maximum fructification, the amount of applied organic matter is increased by 1.5–2 times.

One of the best natural fertilizers is compost, which is easy to prepare from any organic waste.

In summer, the plum tree needs to be fed. During the period of ripening and after harvesting, add 2 tablespoons of urea and 3 tablespoons of nitrophobia to a bucket of water.

Watering and preparing for winter

It is advisable to irrigate regularly, although Honey White tolerates drought quite satisfactorily. Usually, 5–6 irrigations are enough (2–3 buckets of water per tree) per season:

  • After flowering.
  • 15–20 days after the formation of ovaries.
  • 30–40 days after the formation of the ovaries.
  • In the period of ripening.
  • After harvesting.

After each watering, it is necessary to loosen the soil in the wheel circle in order to improve aeration, reduce evaporation and prevent the formation of a crust. In the autumn, deep digging is carried out: 20–25 cm between the rows and 8–10 cm near the trunk. To prepare for winter, water recharge irrigation is done (in October) at the rate of 5–7 buckets per tree, then the soil is mulched with humus.

The soil should be loose and weed free

In anticipation of cold weather, it is desirable to whiten the trunk and wrap it and the main branches with at least a layer of paper. Although Honey White has good winter hardiness, but extra precaution does not hurt.

Description of White Honey Plum

Honey white - plum, derived in Ukraine, in Donetsk. The scientist L. I. Taranenko, academician IUAN, was in charge of the selection process. Now the variety is zoned throughout Ukraine, including the northern regions, in the Central Chernozem region of Russia, and also distributed in the Moscow region. Another name is Honey Yellow.

In the southern regions, the tree of this plum is rapidly growing to 5–6 m, in the northern areas it reaches only 3–4 m.

Honey White fruits are known for their bright taste.

Honey white - a variety of early flowering. Buds in large quantities are laid on the annual shoots. Plum crown has a rounded shape, with a few large skeletal branches. The fruit is a drupe weighing 40–50 g. Cream is oval or rounded. The skin of a ripe fruit is strong, transparent, with a yellowish tinge. The intensity of wax is average. Sometimes on plums there is a top coat color - a bright orange blush. Stone plum from the pulp is separated with little difficulty.

The flesh itself has a rich yellow color, sometimes with a slight greenish tint. Juicy, with a distinctive aroma of plum, it got its name precisely because of the taste qualities of the pulp - a bright honey taste tinged with light sourness.

Honey White Plum: variety description

Honey plum - a tall enough tree that can grow up to 5-7 meters. Accordingly, the area occupied by such a culture is large. The nearest trees can be located at a distance of 3-5 meters from the plum.

The White Plum variety is characterized by a not very thick crown, which does not at all affect its productivity. Fruits are oval in shape, covered with a yellow transparent skin with a waxy coating. When ripe, a specific orange blush appears. The mass of one plum ranges from 30 to 50 grams. The flesh has a rich yellow color, the taste is pleasantly sweet, not cloying, with a subtle tinge of sourness. Bones of medium size, round shape.

The advantages of the variety

Characterized by high resistance to drought and frost, White honey plum is widely spread throughout Ukraine and abroad. Such a culture is successfully grown in the northern regions of Russia, which is undoubtedly an important advantage of the variety.

Также к положительным качествам медовой красавицы, по отзывам многих садоводов, успевших полюбить это плодовое дерево, можно отнести:

  • универсальность использования плодов,
  • раннее созревание,
  • десертный вкус,
  • крупный размер слив,
  • высокая транспортабельность,
  • устойчивость к неблагоприятным внешним факторам.

As pollinators for the Plum Honey, which is a self-fertile crop, the most suitable varieties are Hungarian Donetsk and Renklod Karbysheva.

White honey plum: landing features

To plant a tree should be in a well-lit area, without the close location of groundwater. Sandy and clayey soils are most preferred. Preliminary it is recommended to prepare a landing hole. Its width should be about 70 cm, and depth - 50-60 cm. When spring planting is done before bud break, the pit needs to be prepared in October, and in autumn, which is best planned for mid-October, a couple of weeks before the event. Properly planted White Honey Plum in a few years will please its owners with active growth and high fruit yields.

Pruning Pruning

An important element of plum care is the pruning necessary for the formation of the crown, as well as the removal of old and damaged branches. This procedure should be performed 3 times a year. In young trees, spring pruning is carried out in late March - early April. In the first year after planting, the central branch should be shortened to 1.5 meters, and lateral shoots should be removed at a level of 50 cm from the soil surface.

In June, the lateral processes should be pruned again, this time to a length of 20 centimeters. Autumn should rid the tree of damaged and dry branches.

Upon reaching the tree of 15 years of age, complete rejuvenation of the tree should be carried out, removing old and dry branches.

Watering frequency

White Honey Plum (the photo does not fully convey all the charm of this plant), like any garden crop, needs regular watering, which is recommended to be carried out:

  • at the end of flowering,
  • 2-3 weeks after the formation of the ovary,
  • 2-3 weeks after the previous watering,
  • when the fruit ripens,
  • after cleaning work
  • in preparation for winter (September-October).

Water consumption per tree on average is 20-25 liters. After the soil is moistened in autumn, mulching with manure or peat to a thickness of 10-15 cm should be done.

Top dressing of plum Honey

Feeding measures aimed at improving development and increasing yields are also one of the important factors in the care of the fruit tree. White honey plum needs feeding from the second year of planting. At the beginning of May urea will be beneficial for young plums, diluted at the rate of 6 tbsp. spoons per 30 liters of water.

In the first half of June, the plum should be fertilized with nitrophoska (at the rate of 9 tablespoons per 30 liters of water). In mid-August in the same volume of water should be dissolved in 2 tbsp. spoons of potassium sulfate and superphosphate.

For fruit trees, the additional feeding schedule is somewhat different. The first time the trees should be fertilized before flowering. In 30 liters of water dilute 6 tbsp. spoons of urea and potassium sulfate.

The following feeding is made in the process of fruit ripening. Nutrient solution - 6 tbsp. spoons of urea, 9 tbsp. spoons nitrophoska and 30 liters of water. The same composition should feed the tree after harvest.

Features of the harvest

Harvesting should begin with the lower branches, gradually moving to the center. For removal of plums from the upper tiers it is recommended to use the stairs. Do not shake the plums on the ground. When dropped, the fruit can be damaged, which significantly shortens its shelf life.

It is recommended to store the drain in wooden boxes at an air temperature of 0. + 2 ° C and air humidity of 85-90%. The honey plum retains its taste and presentation for about 2 months.

White Honey Plum, the description of which prompts to acquire such a variety in its own summer cottage, is most often consumed fresh. Also ripe fragrant fruits are tasty in compotes, juices, jams, sauces, marmalades and as a filling for baking.

History of plum "Honey White"

The authorship of the variety belongs to the scientist of the Donetsk branch of the Institute of Horticulture UAAS, honored agronomist of Ukraine Lilia Taranenkowhich, from 66 years of her seniority, devoted 62 years to work at the Artyomovsk Experimental Nursery Station. The breeder was a bright personality in his field and left behind a significant mark.

From the seedling of the early home plum (Prunus domestica) she managed to bring a new variety that was characterized by good fruiting, and the commodity and taste qualities of the fruit were not much lower than the southern ones. Moreover, such trees are well adapted to droughts and cold. Soon the variety was improved by preparing it for the specific climatic conditions of individual regions. After that, he became desirable not only in the Ukrainian gardens, but throughout the post-Soviet territory.

Description of the characteristics of the variety

The White Honey plum is distinguished by its solid tree height, which, under favorable cultivation conditions, can reach 7 meters. Accordingly, the crown in the measure of growth takes a lot of space in the garden. In order not to create a shadow for neighboring fruit and berry crops, the plant should be planted at a distance of 5 meters from them.

Despite the volume and height, foliage on the branches is not thick. Crohn's rounded openwork form, and the trunk gives a bit of skeletal sprouts. Trees are very resistant to diseases, low temperatures, easily tolerate droughts, winter cold and spring frosts, are characterized by generous fruiting. The external description of the plum variety “Honey White” is no longer different from the other counterparts.

The main advantage of this breed are fruits that ripen in the last July weeks. They are characterized by large size, oval shape, persistent aroma and excellent taste, which really resembles honey. Peel on the fruit - thin, white or slightly yellowish. Therefore, in everyday life there is a parallel name for the variety - “Honey Yellow”.

The fruits are barely coated with a waxy coating. At the highest stage of maturation, they are poured orange-red blush. On average, the weight of one plum ranges from 50 g. The flesh is thick yellow, very juicy, melts in the mouth, leaving behind a pleasant honey aftertaste.

The bones are small, easy to exfoliate. According to official tasting characteristics, White Honey Plum is estimated at 4.5 points.

In addition, among other varieties, it stands out for its versatility: it can be consumed raw, used to make jams, jams, marmalade, compotes, marshmallow and other all kinds of canned sweets.

Honey White Plum Duster

In the reviews of this variety, gardeners talk about its self-efficacy. This means that if you plant one or more trees of the same species in a row, then you should not expect a generous harvest, which we mentioned above. It is possible only in cases where worthy pollinators will be close to the White Honey plum. Experts advise to use as positive neighbors plums of Ukrainian selection: “Hungarian Donetsk”, “Renklod Karbysheva”, “Hungarian Donetsk Early”.

Rules for the purchase of plum seedlings

The development of the “Honey White” plum, regardless of the agrotechnology of cultivation, in the early years is 70% dependent on the quality of the seedling. Therefore, its purchase should be taken seriously.

Experts advise not to buy planting material on the Internet or on the market from questionable sellers, but in special nurseries. Main requirements To seedlings are a healthy root system and a clean, even trunk.

Take a closer look. The roots should be powerful, well-branched, without frost-bitten, dead ends, incomprehensible stains, rot, mechanical damage, galls, and any other formations and influxes. Be sure to check them for dryness by scratching one of the processes. In place of a wound in a healthy specimen, fresh wood will appear, and not a dried brown stain.

It is better to focus on low trunks, up to a meter and a half. Those who are taller create a false impression of their potential. In fact, they are poorly accustomed and for a long time "sit" in place.

After making sure that the roots are healthy, examine the root collar and stem. On a healthy planting material, an even trunk, with 4-5 skeletal branches and monotonous bark without abrasions and scratches. In specialized stores and nurseries, saplings are sold with foliage removed and rhizome-treated clay. If you have a long carriage, ask a sapling have prepared properly.

To this end, its branches are slightly tied to the trunk, and the roots are wrapped with a damp cloth and cellophane. It is possible to use as an alternative a package with wet soil, in which the tree is placed.

Site selection and soil preparation

In the garden, the “White Honey” plum with proper cultivation will not cause you much trouble.

In order for its cultivation to be successful, select the site for planting correctly. This should be a flat area with good diffuse lighting and sandy or clay substrates. Although the tree is hardy, it will still grow better in a place protected from drafts and northerly winds.

You should not experience it with excessive moisture, so when planning the planting, ensure that groundwater is at a distance of 2 meters from the soil surface.

It is very important to find out acidity and soil composition, because in the process of rooting the seedling is recommended to make lime powder or wood ash. On loam the norm will be a pound half a kilogram of fluff per square meter of garden, and 200 g is enough for sandy land. At first, the site is lime, and then dug deep.

The process of planting young plum seedlings

Many lovers of gardening and gardening affairs mistakenly think that planting all the trees is the same and simple: he dug a hole, put a sapling there, watered and dug. But in fact, not everything is so simple. There are many nuances in the fruit and berry group, which are simply necessary to know.

We will understand step by stephow to grow white honey plum:

  1. Planting of these trees can be carried out both in autumn and in spring, but it is best to do it in March. A preparation of the land is to do in October. If you have planned autumn rooting of seedlings, then scatter the lime and dig up the area to be 2 weeks before.
  2. For the tree to quickly take root and fully develop, it must be planted in a nutrient-rich soil. To do this, when digging a groove, the top layer of the earth is removed on a separate pile (no more than 30 cm). That we need it for burying the plum.
  3. The volume of the pit is largely dependent on the roots of the planting material. It should be a few centimeters wider. On average, experts advise to go deeper by 50-60 cm with an identical width.
  4. In the middle of the hole, drive in a peg with a pinned end.
  5. On chernozem plots lay the bottom of the deepening of expanded clay or brick chips.
  6. Mix nutrient soil (from the first pile) with two buckets of mullein, 100 g of superphosphate, 0.5 kg of wood ash and 85 g of potassium chloride.
  7. Pour a thin layer of prepared substrate onto the drain.
  8. Then examine carefully the roots of your seedlings, check them again for freshness. In the event of the appearance of rot or dead tips, cut the damaged areas to live wood. If the root system has not been treated with a clay mash, be sure to do it now.
  9. Only after all these manipulations, the tree can be lowered into the pit, but in such a way that the peg is on the south side and protects the thin trunk from its spring burns.
  10. Carefully straighten the roots.
  11. Water the seedlings until the earth stops absorbing moisture.
  12. Sprinkle the roots with the remaining fertilized soil, leaving a root neck elevated by 3-5 cm.
  13. Tamp the soil well and shake the trunk so that the voids formed between the root system are filled up. From above you can sprinkle the tree with ordinary soil from the second pile.
  14. Zamulchuyte perennial circle peat, as long as possible to retain moisture in the ground.
  15. Tie the branches to the peg.

Rules of seasonal care for plum "Honey"

Yellow plum, both during planting and maintenance, requires certain knowledge. After all, competent agricultural engineering is not only regular watering, feeding, but also complex measures for the improvement of branches, the formation of crown, prevention of diseases and pests, and preparation for wintering. But about all this in order.

Prevention and protection against pests and diseases

Despite the fact that breeders have cultivated a variety of disease resistance genes, but under conditions improper cultivation pathogens and pests can attack it.

Noticing brown spots on the foliage, which actively progress in growth and completely destroy the plant, be prepared to fight rust.

It is important, at the slightest manifestations of the disease, to remove all the affected parts of the tree and burn them, and to treat the healthy branches with a preventive purpose to treat with chlorine dioxide before the beginning of budding. In the absence of the drug, you can replace it with Bordeaux mixture, after disinfecting the crown after harvesting the fruit with a 1% solution. If brown spots were formed on the fruit, leaving gray-dirty fungal rings to the best of their growth, the tree should be saved from fruit rot. This is done by the immediate elimination of all affected specimens and spraying Bordeaux fluid.

In those cases when resin started to grind on the trunk for no apparent reason, sprinkling with 1% copper sulfate solution will be needed. Gototreatment will also stop pruning of heavily damaged shoots and spring treatment of wounds on the bark of garden pitch.

Among insects, plum moths cause the greatest harm to plums. You can notice their presence by dark points on fruits that become lethargic and fall prematurely. Experts advise to eliminate the attack with the help of chlorophos. The working solution is prepared with the calculation of 30 g of the drug in 10 liters of water.

Preventive care for yellow plum is the timely collection of fallen leaves and digging up the ground in the garden. Also do not interfere with anthills close. But this option is dangerous, because the aphid who came after will not give up on plum juice.

Its appearance is accompanied by twisting of foliage and young shoots, their lifelessness. You can get rid of parasites by tincture of wood ash in the proportion of 400 g per 4 liters of boiling water. To enhance the effect, you can add 3 tablespoons of tar soap and vinegar. As a preventive measure sprinkling is carried out before flowering with repetition after 2 weeks. Agrochemists advise at the beginning of budding to use the preparation "Iskra", and after the ovary is formed - "Kinmiks".

Another misfortune for the tree is the plank. On leaflets and sprouts, it is visible in the form of cartoid shields. As a result of the parasite's vital activity, the branches dry out, and the bark disappears on the trunk. To cope with the pest will help 3% solution of "Nitrofen", which is desirable to work before the disclosure of the kidneys. Matters whitewashing trunks in the fall.

How to conduct watering

Given the fact that the primordial plums are blackthorn and cherry plum, it is obvious: the tree is more prone to land. Therefore, overdoing with soil moisture is not necessary.

Gardeners admit to watering these plants from strength 4-6 times a year. For the first time this is done in spring, when the petals fall. The second time, when the greenfinches begin to form, then, watering is repeated, depending on weather conditions, at intervals of 20 days.

It is also important to carry out final irrigation after the removal of the fruit. One mature tree only needs two buckets of water, but it must first be defended and allowed to warm to at least room temperature. Professionals recommend final watering in October to harden the tree before the onset of cold weather. For similar purposes, up to 8 buckets of water should be poured under each barrel.

How to conduct dressing

This event should begin at second year after landing tree. To provide him with a comfortable growing season, we need 15 kg of organic substances and about 50 g of phosphorus-potassium. You can do only by making chicken manure or compost.

Saplings who are already 3-4 years old, need 20 kg of organic matter, 80 g of saltpeter, 100 g of superphosphate, 50 g of potassium salt. Older specimens will need 30 kg of manure, 100 g of saltpeter, 150 g of superphosphate and 90 g of potassium salt.

The first feeding is appropriate in early May, the next should occur in 30 days. In general, agronomists believe that nitrogen-containing fertilizers should be applied twice: at the beginning of the growing season and during the formation of the ovary. And potassium phosphorus additives do not interfere with the tree in the autumn season. Mineral complexes are buried in the ground at the level of 18-20 cm when plowing the site. In addition, for plums, lime matters, which needs to be updated in the substrate every five-year period. As an alternative, you can use old plaster or dolomite: the substance is scattered half a kilogram per square meter of the stem of the well.

Some gardeners share the experience of unscheduled spraying of the crown with a weak solution of zinc sulfate, which is very beneficial effect on young trees.

Cropping and crown formation

Plum "Honey White" needs not only in the annual sanitary pruning of old and diseased branches, but also in the regular formation of the crown.

Начинать этот процесс нужно на двухгодичных деревьях, убирая загущенные ростки. Также на саженце не должно быть слишком вытянувшегося прироста, конкурирующих веток (их нужно отстричь на 1 кольцо).

Побеги, которые устремляются ввысь, требуют аккуратного отгибания. To do this, many gardeners simply bind any weighty items to a branch, until it consolidates at a certain degree. It is believed that the further the sprout from the trunk, the better the harvest will be. On older specimens, it is important to carry out rejuvenation cleanings. That is, cut all growths to the level of five-year wood. In addition, these plums often release root growth, which pulls all the nutrients to themselves. To the main trunk did not weaken, it must be removed before 5 times over the summer period. Just do not forget to sprinkle with soil the roots.

The variety is characterized by abundant fruiting, which at first may be beyond the power of the young tree. Therefore, immediately after its entry into the flowering phase, it is desirable to thin out inflorescences and greenfinchs.

Protection against diseases and pests

The most active pests of plums are cherry slimy sawfly, moth, comma-shaped scythe and aphid.

The mucous sawfly and aphid spoil the leaves, and the aphid settles in colonies and sucks the juices, and the sawflies make singles gnawing at the leaf.

This pest is destroyed by spraying after harvesting with an emulsion of Karbofos (10%), Chlorophos (80%) or Triphos (10%). The same drugs will help against the moth (processing 1.5–2 weeks after flowering and again 15–20 days later).

For aphids, spraying with a solution of household soap (0.15–0.2 kg per 10 liters of water) helps. A comma-shchitovka, sucking juices from the trunk and branches, is a very persistent pest. To get rid of it, you need an early-spring treatment with Nitrafen solution (0.2–0.3 kg per bucket of water), and then (after flowering) - Karbofos (10%) or Trichloromephos (10%).

Shchitovka settles on the trunk and branches and sucks the juices from the tree.The plum moth gnaws the passages in the fruit and fills them with its excrement. Colonies of the aphids settle on the back of leaves.

Of the diseases Honey Plum prone to perforated spotting, fruit rot, rust, which strongly affect the quality of fruit and tree yield. These fungal diseases are “afraid” of drugs containing copper (Bordeaux mixture, HOM, copper sulfate).

Rust - a fungal disease that affects the leaves. Fruit nil affects the fruits, which are covered with a gray bloom. With a perforated spot on the leaves, spots first appear, and then their middle falls out.

Harvesting and recycling

Depending on the climate, the beginning of the ripening of the Honey White fruits occurs at the end of July - the beginning of August. It is better to collect plums in dry weather in the evening.

Usually the first fruits ripen on the lower branches from the outer part of the crown. From there and begin to collect. It is advisable to pluck the fruit from the stem and in any case not to drop. For storage it is recommended to use wooden boxes. In a well-ventilated room with a constant level of humidity and a temperature of 0 ... + 2 ° C, plums can last up to 2 months.

Due to the excellent taste of plum Honey is suitable for fresh consumption, and for fruit salad. From it excellent compotes turn out. You can make jam, candy, use as a filling for the cake.

Plums make excellent cakes

Do not forget about the medicinal properties of plums: the fruits are recommended to improve digestion, reduce cholesterol, treat cardiovascular diseases and gastritis. Also, these tasty fruits have a diuretic and choleretic effect. Plum leaves are in demand in folk medicine as a wound-healing agent and an ingredient for herbal teas.

Plum Yellow Honey

The variety of plum Yellow Honey is of Ukrainian origin. He was bred in the Donetsk branch of the Institute of Horticulture of the Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences. The author is considered a breeder L.I. Taranenko. The name of the form reflects its main characteristics: light fruits and their memorable sweet taste.

It should be borne in mind that the synonymous name of the same species is White Honey.

Its fruits are quite large, with an average weight of 40-50 grams. Sometimes they are mixed. Plums have a regular rounded shape and dense smooth skin with a thin whitish wax coating. The surface color is sunny, bright yellow. Occasionally a bright orange blush appears on the illuminated side.

The flesh is also yellow, elastic, with plenty of juice. The taste is sweet, with a slight sourness and a pleasant honey aroma. The bone is small and difficult to separate. Fruit transportable and commodity, dessert qualities and universal purpose.

The variety ripens in July, in the south - in the middle or even at the beginning of the month, and in the northern regions - at the end, closer to August. Productivity is high, subject to the conditions of planting and good farming techniques. At the same time, it is stable over the years and does not depend on the place of cultivation. Fruits with fruit stems are harvested, first from the lower branches, gently, without shaking them to the ground.

Honey is popular in baking, confectionery, various kinds of sweet blanks, and also tolerates freezing.

Trees in the south grow tall, up to 5-6 meters. To the north, they show a rather average growth force and reach 3-4 meters. The main branches are few, and they form a sparse rounded crown. Therefore, it is not necessary to contend with excessive thickening. Pruning is the formation and shortening too active shoots.

Honey White Plummer

Since Honey, unfortunately, belongs to the self-productive plums, it needs pollinators. The best varieties for this purpose:

  • Hungarian Donetsk,
  • Hungarian Donetsk early,
  • Renklod Karbysheva.

In the absence of these varieties can be used cherry plums with close flowering periods. Another option is to inoculate branches of a suitable variety in the crown.

Video: how to reduce the plum crown

For the first time, the tree has enough nutrients embedded in the pit when planted. From the second year and before entering into fruiting, they are limited to the spring application of carbamide (20 g / m 2) in the tree trunk circle.

When the tree begins to produce a crop, you need to provide it with additional food. In the fall, every square meter of the tree circle is fertilized with a mixture that includes:

  • manure (1–1.5 buckets),
  • carbamide (20–25 g),
  • superphosphate (30–35 g),
  • ash (0.2 kg).

After that, they dig up the earth. If the year is poor, autumn fertilization should be excluded, and next summer only summer dressing should be carried out, since an excess of nutrients causes branches to grow to the detriment of crop formation. During the period of maximum fructification, the amount of applied organic matter is increased by 1.5–2 times.

One of the best natural fertilizers is compost, which is easy to prepare from any organic waste.

In summer, the plum tree needs to be fed. During the period of ripening and after harvesting, add 2 tablespoons of urea and 3 tablespoons of nitrophobia to a bucket of water.

Photo Gallery: plum pests

Preventing damage by any pests is regular weeding, loosening and digging the soil, as well as pruning.

Of the diseases Honey Plum prone to perforated spotting, fruit rot, rust, which strongly affect the quality of fruit and tree yield. These fungal diseases are “afraid” of drugs containing copper (Bordeaux mixture, HOM, copper sulfate).