Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Ivy: medicinal properties and contraindications

Ivy ordinary - evergreen curly vine, which is attached to the trees and rocks with the help of their roots playing the role of a peculiar suckers. Leaves of this shrub planted alternately on the cuttings. They are very shiny and completely naked, smooth. Young leaves have 3-5 petals, and in adult shoots, which have more than one blade, there is only one lobe, thinned to the tip. The flowers of the liana are of small size, greenish-yellow color shade and gathered in a brush that resembles an umbrella. Fruits of ivy ripen by January or February, they look like black berries. Man, these berries are not suitable for food, but the birds in the winter with pleasure regale.

Ivy often settles in oak forests, a little less in beech forests. It feels more comfortable in damp and little sunny places, so it grows in lowlands, crevices, on mountain ledges. It can be found throughout Southeast Asia, in the South of Europe, in the Russian lands and throughout the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus region.

Ivy harvesting and storage

In order to procure medicinal parts of ivy, you can collect all the organs of a climbing plant: flowers, foliage, roots and woody part. It is recommended to prepare the foliage of vines during strong blooming, it occurs in September or October. They need to be decomposed in the fresh air, under a canopy, a layer of 3-4 cm. As the drying dries up, the entire collection is turned over, for uniform drying. If the leaves are dried in the chambers, then the temperature should not exceed 50 gr.S.

Ivy wood, it is desirable to prepare in the spring, when the movement of juices begins, then a maximum of therapeutic substances remains in them, etc. It is peeled and cut into small pieces. Roots after digging, you need to rinse with cool water to clean the dirt and dry. All raw materials are stored in paper bags or boxes. Healing characteristics can persist for 4 years.

Application in everyday life

Ivy is often planted on the plot as a decorative decoration of the yard. With it, plant arbors, attic, and various hedges.

It is considered an excellent honey plant, as it gives bribes at the level of edible chestnut and linden.

The green parts of plants can be used as top-dressing livestock in winter.

Ivy is able to clear the air of formaldehyde, trichlorethylene, xylene, benzene. It is recommended to grow in factories and in apartments adjacent to huge factories, factories and highways.

Composition and medicinal properties

  1. The woody part of ivy contains saponosides, active substances that have expectorant and antispasmodic properties. In addition to saponosides, the leaves are rich in sterols, organic acids flavonoids, tannins and anthocyanosides. The leaves contain carbohydrates: fructose, sucrose, galactose, essential oils, flavonoids, B vitamins, mineral salts, steroids, coumarins. Included in the mucous components soothe a dry cough.
  2. Ivy extract is part of the drugs used in bronchitis, liver and gall bladder, with gout and rheumatism.
  3. The colors of the ever-green plants are triterpenoids, steroids, stigmasterol, saponins. In the fruit part there is galactose, essential oil, triterpenoids, steroids, flavonoid rutin.
  4. The seeds of ivy contain fatty oils, in which they comprise the petroselinic acid fraction. Root contains vitamins and mineral salts, triterpenoids, polyacetate compounds, gum.
  5. Scientists have shown that substances contained in ivy wood, help relieve spasms caused by acetylcholine. Clinical studies during the treatment of animals confirmed the antifungal and expectorant properties of ivy. Leaf extract can have antitumor and antibacterial effects. This remedy destroys the cells of melanoma, one of the malignant tumors, because of this it has become a potential cure for cancer.
  6. The drug is made of wood, it is recommended during the treatment of continuous cough in case of exacerbated bronchitis. Leaves and wood are applied externally in the form of creams, as high-quality remedies in the treatment of obesity and purulent dermatoses.

A decoction of raw ivy with purulent inflammation of the skin

You will need to prepare 1 cup of finely rubbed dry leaves, pour a glass of water, bring to a boil, and only then put on a steam bath. Steamed this composition should be roasted for 30 minutes. After the composition is removed and filtered.

Prepare gauze napkins in advance, which are wetted in water and applied to wounds.

Broth for use inside when treating bronchitis and dry cough

It is necessary to take the leaves and chopped wood of ivy in equal doses to get exactly a glass. Add 1 tbsp. water and cook over low heat for 20 min. Cooked decoction must be filtered and add water to the initial volume.

Take orally 1 tbsp. spoon 3-4 times a day.

Raw ivy for the treatment of old corns and corns

To do this, take the fresh greens of the plant, twist through a meat grinder, so that the healing juice is preserved. To put gruel on in advance prepared gauze napkins and to put to callosities. Top compress should be fixed with a plastic bag and bandaged with a bandage. When the gruel dries, the compress is changed to fresh.

Ivy from kidney and urinary tract diseases

To prepare the tincture, you must prepare the following composition: 10 g of crushed leaves of ivy, rosemary, bearberry, horsetail, licorice, juniper and cumin. This mixture must be poured over with 1 liter of hot boiling water and infused until completely cooled. After this, strain the tincture and take 100 g per day.

Broth from ivy bark for skin diseases

This decoction is perfect for getting rid of boils, burns and streptoderma. It can be used for mycosis of the scalp and to clean the lice. The crushed ivy wood is poured over with 1 glass of water and boiled on the steam bath for 20 minutes. Cooked broth is filtered through cheesecloth and take 1 tbsp. spoon 3 times a day.

Ivy

If you have been to the southern regions of Russia, you could have paid attention to the walls of houses, gazebos, verandas, and even sometimes drain pipes twined with a beautiful, green vine. This is ordinary ivy. Basically it is used as a beautiful climbing ornamental plant, decorating the landscape of park and garden areas. It is also grown in indoor conditions by amateur growers, creating beautiful green corners in apartments.

Some flower growers create green partitions from ivy, using it for decorative separation of zones in the interior of a dwelling. Using ordinary ivy as a pretty ornamental plant, few people know that this plant also has excellent medicinal properties.

Plant description

Common ivy (the Latin name is Hedera helix) is a perennial, belonging to the family of Aralia, vine, the home of which is considered the Mediterranean.

Under natural conditions, this plant reaches a length of 20-22 meters, it can be called a climber because, as it clings to the bark of tree branches, it rises to the very crown. Ivy belongs to climbing lianas, in natural conditions it usually twists the trunks of trees, throwing out adventitious root-suckers, with the help of which it is very firmly attached to any support. In the absence of support, ivy forms on the ground a dense green carpet of densely intertwined branches.

The leaves of the ivy is dark green, shiny, glossy, dense and leathery, covered with a network of lighter veins, petioled, alternately arranged. The shape of the leaf plate in ivy three or seven lobed, the edges are solid.

Ivy bloom begins closer to the fall, usually from mid-August to October inclusive. The flowers of the ivy are small, yellow-green in color, collected in umbrella inflorescences. When fading, they form round balls-berries, black, with a blue tint of color. Ivy berries are highly poisonous !!

When indoor growing ivy, as a rule, does not bloom and does not form fruit. In the open ground ivy looks great in vertical gardening, also perfect for a winter garden. This plant is well tolerated by small fluctuations in temperature, does not respond to drafts and does not impose special requirements to heat or light.

Wild ivy can be found in the forests and in the rocky places of the mountains in the southwestern part of Russia, in the valleys and gorges of the Caucasus Mountains, in Moldova, on the slopes of the Carpathian Mountains, in the Baltic region.

Preparation and storage of medicinal raw materials

Ivy has a number of medicinal properties, thanks to the substances contained in the roots, bark and leaves, which are harvested as medicinal raw materials.

Terms of harvesting individual parts of the plant are different. So, ivy leaves are harvested closer to autumn, when the flowering period comes, i.e. somewhere in the middle of August or in September. In the same period, you can prepare the roots of the plant.
But the preparation of ivy bark is done only in the spring, when the plant begins to move the juice and the bark is saturated with useful medicinal substances.

Harvested raw materials must be prepared for drying by sorting out and removing the damaged parts of the leaves or bark. Roots thoroughly washed in running water, cleaned and cut into small pieces.
The prepared raw materials are dried in drying cabinets, and at home you can use an oven with a temperature of 50 degrees. Dry medicinal raw materials can be in the shade under a canopy or in the attic, spreading it with a thin layer on the litter. It is important that rain does not get wet and there is good ventilation. Store the finished medicinal raw materials no more than two years, in a dry cool place.

Medicinal properties of ivy ordinary

Ivy ordinary and used as an independent drug, and as a component in the composition of herbal. The leaves of this plant contain a large number of useful medicinal substances, such as carbohydrates, provitamin A, essential oils, vitamin E, phenylcarboxylic acids, hederin, which has a strong hemolytic effect, coumarins, carotene, anthocyanosides, flavonoids, sterols, tannin, tannins, resins, oleic and other acids, as well as vitamins and mineral salts. In the bark and wood, among other things, saponosides have also been found, thanks to which this part of the plant is used as a good antispasmodic.

Ivy leaves are widely used as wound healing, antiseptic, antifungal, astringent, expectorant, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, tonic.
This plant is widely used in the medical industry as one of the components of anti-inflammatory drugs, antibacterial, expectorant drugs. Ivy is also used for the production of tonics, which are necessary for patients after traumatic brain injuries, with asthenia, which occurs after a long illness, or after suffering heavy operations.

Broths, which are an effective coughing agent when other drugs are powerless, are prepared from ivy, in acute and chronic bronchitis and in severe pneumonia. Broths of this plant also cure various inflammations of the digestive organs (enteritis, gastritis, colitis). From the ivy root make decoctions for the healing of complex wounds, burns, ulcers and boils, as well as used for mycoses of the scalp, for scabies and pediculosis.

Use in traditional medicine

The healing properties of ivy have been known since time immemorial and have been used by healers and herbalists and healers to treat patients with gout, kidney stones, jaundice, bronchial catarrh and pneumonia, liver disease, spleen disease, headache and rheumatism, and a number of other diseases.

Infusion of ivy leaves was used as a means of causing menstruation in women, and was used externally for belyah, for burns, for the treatment of purulent wounds, various dermatitis and skin rashes. They also treated purulent ear inflammations by burying freshly squeezed juice, mixing it with vegetable oil.

Ivy ordinary has proven itself as an ingredient in such popular recipes:

  • For resorption of wen Cook gruel from fresh ivy leaves, very finely chopped them with a knife. The resulting slurry is applied to the wen, cover with a gauze cloth and fixed with a bandage or plaster. To do such procedures better at night. It takes about four weeks for a wen sized with a five-kopeck coin to resolve. The same gruel can be treated with corns, also putting it on overnight.
  • For the treatment of purulent wounds and other inflammatory processes on the skin make lotions out of decoction. The broth is prepared from a tablespoon of dried ivy leaves, which is poured with a glass of boiling water, put on a steam bath, boiled for half an hour, removed, cooled and filtered. In this broth moisten gauze napkin and apply to the sore spot, the procedure is repeated how many times a day. Broth should be warm.
  • For the treatment of dry cough with bronchitis drink a warm broth in a tablespoon up to three times a day. To prepare the broth, take a tablespoon of leaves or bark of ivy, pour a glass of boiling water and simmer for 20-25 minutes over low heat, then remove the broth from the heat, allow it to cool slightly, filter and give to the patient in a warm form.
  • With liver and gall bladder disease take an infusion of a quarter glass three to four times a day. To prepare the infusion, you need to take half a teaspoon of crushed ivy leaves, cover with a glass of cooled boiled water and leave for 8-9 hours, then strain and drink.
  • For treating bladder inflammation prepare a decoction of 5 grams. ivy leaves, which pour ½ liter of boiling water, then boil over low heat for 10-15 minutes, allow to cool and filter. Drink half a glass for 15-20 minutes before meals, three times a day.

Contraindications

Before using ordinary ivy for the treatment of any disease, you should consult with your doctor. Ivy should be treated with plants that should be used with great care, while observing the doses indicated in the recipe, in order not to harm yourself or the person being treated. Ivy berries categorically can not be used - they are poisonous!

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Chemical composition

On the forums in discussions of the therapeutic characteristics of ivy, many express their concerns about its toxicity. This fact is scientifically confirmed, but in order to understand how useful or dangerous a plant is for human health, it is important to find out what its roots, stems, foliage, and fruits consist of.

Biologists say that the main building blocks of ivy plant fiber ordinary are:

  • gum,
  • galactose,
  • fructose,
  • glucose,
  • raffinose,
  • stachyose,
  • coumarins
  • hederin
  • saponins
  • essential oils,
  • scopolines
  • carotene,
  • flavonoids,
  • inositol
  • organic acids (malic, chlorogenic and formic),
  • iodine,
  • steroids,
  • tar,
  • pectins
  • tocopherol,
  • triterpenoids,
  • tannins.
The benefits and harms of ivy are due precisely to the above list. Resinous and gummy substances predominate in the stems of the plant; therefore, herbalists consider the leathery foliage to be the most valuable part of it and do not recommend fruit to be consumed.

Medicinal properties

To be afraid of this beautiful creeper, that the small roots on the stem can reliably cling to even the metal, is absolutely not worth it. Official medicine has long confirmed the healing properties of ivy, pharmacists offer a wide range of products based on it, and beekeepers attributed the plant to productive honey plants.

Doctors say that due to the components of high-molecular carbohydrates, the plant has sorption effect. The inherent saponin glycosides contribute to the antibacterial, expectorant and anti-fungal effects. In addition, in tandem with other components, they promote healing of wounds, dilution and discharge of sputum, stimulate bronchial peristalsis, facilitate breathing. As a result, the chain of complex physico-chemical reactions of all components of the plant relieves inflammation and heals wounds. Дубильные вещества обеспечивают ему вяжущий эффект, а присущий токоферол заботится о нормализации обменных процессов и способствует усвоению каротина.

Фитотерапевты советуют экстракт плюща от кашля, для повышения иммунитета, расширения сосудов. Cold infusions are recommended for liver, gallbladder, gout, rheumatism, and chronic bronchitis. Broths are indicated for women with heavy and painful menstruation.

Folk healers practice the removal of warts, corns, polyps, as well as the treatment of furunculosis, purulent wounds and burns prepared with ivy drug. In addition, the infusion of lianas can trigger the awakening of hair follicles with baldness. Has useful properties ivy honey. Experts talk about its ability to normalize metabolic processes in the human body, as well as the beneficial effects of viral infections, colds, diseases of the lungs and bronchi. Moreover, the delicacy has a stimulating effect on the mental performance of a person and relieves psycho-emotional stress.

Preparation of raw materials for medical purposes

In tropical and subtropical latitudes, the plant can be seen on the fences, altars and walls of houses, as well as in its wild form, these vines are found in the oak and beech forests of Europe, the foothills of Asia. In Ukrainian areas this is the only creeping culture of Podolia. Her whips can be stretched to a height of 30 meters.

Common ivy is characterized by slow development and late flowering. Usually, the first buds on elastic stems appear in the autumn, when the plant turns 8-10 years old, and the black fruits ripen by spring. For therapeutic purposes, herbalists recommend collecting leaves, wood and roots. It is characteristic that leathery leaf plates from vines can be picked at any time of the year, as well as digging up their roots. This raw material does not lose its properties at low temperatures, but is most useful in the last 2 weeks of August. But the wood harvesting is better to do in the spring, after the start of sap flow. To do this, first you need to remove the bark from the stems, and then chop them.

Drying of all parts of the plant is recommended to be carried out in a natural way on a piece of cloth or a sheet of cardboard. The best place for this is a well-ventilated attic, where it is dry and there is no direct sunlight. In cases where the raw material was harvested during the cold season, it can be dried in an electric dryer or oven. To do this, simply set the temperature controller to 50 ° C.

After the material is brought to the desired condition and cool, it is Packed in paper bags. Store ivy can be up to 4 years. The main thing is that this should happen in a dry and dark place.

With bronchitis and dry cough

For treatment, you need to prepare a decoction. It is recommended to add equal portions of chopped wood and foliage. Often, they take half a glass of raw materials, add the same amount of cold water to it, and simmer over low heat for about 20 minutes. Then the liquid is passed through a sieve and diluted with boiling water to bring the volume of the product to 200 ml. Ready potion drink 30 g, breaking into 3-4 doses.

In case of complicated and acute forms of diseases, folk healers advise to insist 100 g of crushed ivy leaves in a glass of boiling water and take cough during meals. And at the time you need to drink 1-2 cups of liquid.

With rheumatism

In the complex treatment to get rid of this disease will help cold extract of ivy foliage. It is prepared in this proportion: 200 ml of drinking water and a quarter of a teaspoon of dry sheet material. When all components are combined, the mixture is left to infuse for 8 hours. After that filter and one-time accept inside.

In diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract

Dry ground ivy is used to cooking broth. To do this, you need half a liter of boiling water and 5-6 dry large leaves. All the ingredients are mixed, then brought to a boil, and still tormented on the fire for about 10 minutes. Then wrapped and set aside to insist for half an hour. Then the liquid can be passed through cheesecloth and taken orally before eating. A single dose is half a cup.

With purulent inflammation of the skin

For skin therapy, folk healers advise washing the affected areas of the epidermis with classical decoctions and tinctures of leavesivy. In warm liquid moisten gauze bandages and apply them to the wound.

Fresh leaves also give a good effect, and after thorough washing they tie a bandage to a sore spot.

If desired, a special balsam can be prepared for home treatment. To do this, grind the dry foliage of the vines to dust, add to it the same part of animal fat, mix thoroughly. If you have honey, you can take it (a third of a teaspoon). Keep the product in the refrigerator and allow to warm to room temperature before use.

From boils, burns and streptoderma

In such cases, the treatment gives successful results. decoction of bark or ivy wood. 30 g of the crushed drug is poured with a glass of boiling water and kept on the fire for about half an hour. Then give 10 minutes to infuse, pass through a sieve and diluted with boiled water to bring to the initial volume. Take the means you need to ingest 1 tablespoon each time before eating. In parallel, it is recommended to wash the affected areas with the prepared agent.

Application in cosmetology

With home care for the skin of the face and body are shown daily morning wash decoction of leaves and ivy wood. According to experts, this procedure contributes to the removal of fatigue, stimulation of metabolic processes and cell regeneration. To enhance the effect, the liquid can be frozen in cubes. Women who regularly use such a tool, have a toned and elastic skin. Such procedures are especially appropriate for people with a bold type of epidermis, since they promote cleansing and narrowing of pores.

Ivy broths are recommended for owners of luxurious curls. If every time you wash your hair, rinse it with the liquid you mentioned, dandruff and oily seborrhea will disappear, and the hair follicles will be strengthened and the hair will no longer crumble.

There are many anti-cellulite cosmetics purchased based on ivy leaf extract. They can be cooked at home. To do this, it will be necessary to make a mush from fresh raw materials and add an equal part of honey to it. Ready means you need to massage movements rub into problem areas until it turns white. Then rinse with water. With puffiness of the face and "bags" under the eyes, wipe with a napkin moistened in ivy broth will help. Also, a good effect gives a mask of half a cup of gruel of a fresh plant, 10 drops of aloe juice and 1 tablespoon of rye bread soaked in cream.

Coil appearance

Probably, no other plant is shrouded in various legends, fairy tales. Ivy ordinary (lat. Hedera helix) is curly evergreen shrubwhich clings to walls, fences, pillars, trunks of other trees with its own suckers. The word ivy itself is derived from adjectives flat, squashed. Low seedlings grown in the room are transformed into large vines, enveloping various buildings or even sculptures.

There are up to one hundred varieties of this plant. The most common species is common ivy. The people have several names: heder, evergreen shrub, liana, serpentine.

The plant belongs to the Aralia family. It has from 3 to 7 blades on leaves with a dark green glossy color. Recently, species of vines with whitish or completely white leaves have been selected. They are located alternately on the stem. The coil in vivo blooms very rarely from August to October. Inflorescences have soft yellow-green color. In appearance resemble umbrellas. Then the fruits ripen in the form of dark purple peas.

The area where ivy grows

Heder is considered the most ancient plant. Common ivy was grown in ancient Rome. In the wild, it is found in the deciduous forests of northern Europe, up to the Mediterranean, as well as in the humid and dry subtropics of America, Asia, and in northern Africa. In the open spaces of our country can be seen near the Black Sea resort, as well as in the oak forests of the Crimea. The coil has an unpleasant feature. First, gardeners buy it, groom and nurture it, and later it grows to such an extent that it drowns out other bushes. And with all this, one cannot get rid of it, since the heder is rooted very deep into the bowels of the earth.

According to some legends, ivy saved people from fires. Indeed, if you try to burn a bush, then you can see that it is long standing against the fire, not wanting to give up. The smell of burnt leaves is so acrid that one cannot be near the fire.

Reproduction and transplanting

Ivy ordinary very easily breeds shanks or root branches. Another cheder can be propagated with the help of the formed shoots that appear after cutting the plant. This seedling is placed in water for 1-2 weeks, during this time he gives roots. After you can land in the ground.

  • The best place for ivy is under the trees, because the foliage (if it is not cleaned) rottes and enriches the soil with rich trace elements.
  • Shoots pruned from the forest mother bush need similar soil. Therefore, when planting on the site, in the hole it is necessary to add forest land from the area where the stepson had previously grown.
  • A shallow hole with a size of 30 * 30 is being dug. When rainy weather, the pit can not be watered. When drought, the soil is irrigated with water.
  • If there is no forest soil, then humus is filled to the bottom of the hole.
  • The plant is laid sideways and sprinkled with earth.
  • The more creepering shoots come into contact with the soil, the better the bush takes root.
  • For the winter, it is imperative to cover and multiply the cuttings so that they can safely endure hibernation.

How to care for a plant

According to the legend of Tristan and Isolde ivy intertwined with grapevine on the graves of lovers. These two plants symbolize eternal love.

  • If there is no support, ivy can move along the soil, forming a beautiful carpet. Even without fertilizers, the serpentine grows well. It is considered an excellent honey plant, along with linden and chestnut. Berry cheder poisonous! The root system is underdeveloped, therefore it is planted shallowly.
  • The coil should be properly trimmed. All shoots that stretch above the hedge or wall, you need to timely remove. Stems will reappear from the trimmed sinuses. Thanks to this pruning, ivy begins to spread across the width of the unsightly wall and closes it with its crown.
  • Best of all, the header grows in shady areas of the garden, but it can also be planted in sunny places.
  • When the plant gains strength and acquires a powerful crown, it is already possible not to cover it. Ivy usually calmly endures winter.
  • During the period of gaining green mass, the cheder must be fed with nitrogen-containing solutions or manure.
  • By the end of the summer, the soil is fertilized with phosphorus and potassium so that the bush will gain strength.
  • In the fall, an abundant increase in green mass begins, which is necessarily stopped.
  • The coil likes moist soil, and therefore requires constant watering.

Traditional medicine and ivy

In the old days, the winding flower was considered a symbol of immortality, all-consuming loyalty and devotion. It is believed that he can separate the water in the beer, if it was diluted. At the time of the bacchanal, heder juice was added to the wine to enhance the stupefying effect. In the English College of the Holy Trinity brewed the so-called ivy beer. The basis of the drink contained the plant itself.

For medicinal purposes, only ivy leaves collected during the flowering of the coil, as well as bark are used. The crown contains a large amount of carbohydrates, vitamins of group B, essential oils and flavonoids. In the bark there are mineral salts and gum. The plant contains galactose, fructose, stachyose, saponins, scopolines, carotene, malic and formic acids, tocopherol and tannins. Has a great use in traditional medicine..

  1. Diseases of the respiratory tract, pneumonia, bronchitis. Prospan Ivy Leaf Syrup is widely used in the treatment of cough in children.
  2. Acute gastritis, enteritis, colitis.
  3. Ivy leaf treats the liver and biliary tract.
  4. Outdoor douches eliminate inflammatory processes of the urogenital system.
  5. Removes hyperfunction of the thyroid gland.
  6. Removes gout, rheumatism.

Ivy leaves attributed to a sobering effect. According to legend, if you are near the bushes heder, clarity of mind appears. Artists write individual works, and poets compose incredible works.

Heder make tinctures and juices, decoctions and cold wine extracts. Due to its healing properties, ivy is a highly effective drug. Therefore, the course of treatment should last no more than three months a year. During the reception it is necessary to strictly adhere to the dosage. Before a course of treatment, consult your doctor.

Ivy honey

An interesting product that is also used in various diseases. It crystallizes very quickly. Literally 3-4 days. Honey has a special taste with distant notes of menthol. Such sweetness can be found in the Southern countries where this plant prevails. In Russia, it is difficult to get natural ivy honey.

Like the roots, it is used in the treatment of bronchitis, pneumonia, and colds of the respiratory tract. Well proven to restore the functions of the liver and kidneys. It has diaphoretic effect and anti-inflammatory properties. Renders beneficial effect on brain activity, improves memory and improves mood.

Ivy botanical characteristics

Common ivy is a tree-like evergreen liana belonging to the genus Ivy and the Araliaceae family, reaching a length of thirty meters. The plant is endowed with a powerful root system, alternate petiole leathery, shiny, heart-shaped three or five-lobed leaves, small yellowish-green actinomorphic, and gathered in panicles.

The fruit of the ivy is berry-shaped, after maturation is black-blue. Ivy bloom occurs in autumn. Caucasus, Black Sea coast - habitat. Stony slopes, rocks, ravines, ravines - the place of ivy growth.

Collection and preparation of raw materials

For the manufacture of medicines use almost all parts of ivy: foliage, flowers, rhizomes. The collection of leaflets is recommended during the flowering period of the plant. Next, the raw material must be dried. The sheets are laid out in a thin layer on paper and dried outside or in the attic. Raw materials must be periodically turned over so that it does not become moldy. To speed up the drying process, you can use the dryer.

The collection of leafy shoots should be carried out in late autumn. Drying raw materials like sheets. Harvested raw materials are poured into boxes or paper bags and placed in a dry place with adequate ventilation. You can store and use the harvested raw material for four years.

Composition and pharmacological properties

Ivy is a healing plant that helps to cure a considerable number of diseases. It contains a lot of nutrients:

  • saponin glycosides,
  • pitches
  • tannins,
  • carotenoids,
  • tocopherols,
  • flavonoids,
  • essential oils
  • sucrose,
  • fructose,
  • mineral salts
  • coumarins,
  • carbohydrate
  • iodine
  • pectin
  • chlorogenic, malic and formic acids.

Preparations based on the plant in question have immunostimulating, tonic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, astringent, antifungal, tonic, antioxidant, wound-healing and anti-tumor properties.

Ivy-based products help:

  • improvement of metabolism
  • normalization of the central nervous system,
  • cough removal
  • preventing the development of tumors,
  • quick wound healing
  • eliminate inflammations
  • therapy of tuberculosis, furunculosis, jaundice, rheumatism, gout, rickets, burns, dandruff.

Pathology of the skin: the use of decoction

This tool helps to cure burns, boils, streptoderma. It can also be used to treat mycosis and pediculosis. Make twenty grams of finely chopped dried wood of a plant in two hundred milliliters of freshly boiled water. Boil for ten minutes. Leave the agent to infuse. It is necessary to consume по cup of the filtered drug three times a day.

Ivy in the fight against cellulite

Take fresh leaves of the plant, grind to a pasty consistency. Next, mix the resulting mass with baby cream or petroleum jelly. Treat the resulting area of ​​problem skin. After you apply the drug, turn into polyethylene. The duration of the procedure is half an hour.

Dry cough, bronchitis: treatment of healing broth

For dry cough or bronchitis, brew thirty milliliters of finely chopped dry ivy foliage in two hundred milliliters of boiled water. Next, the tool must be protomit on low heat for ten minutes. Cool, drain and consume two spoons of medicine four times a day.

In medicine

In official medicine in the form of decoctions and tinctures, ivy is not used, but extracts from it are used in the pharmaceutical industry of some countries for the production of medicines.

Полезные свойства плюща обыкновенного (особенно высокое содержание йода) в лечебных целях используются в гомеопатии. В последнее время на основе плюща появились различные гомеопатические препараты, которые рекомендуются при кашле, бронхите, астме, коклюше, особенно у детей. The homeopathic remedy “Hedera helix” is extremely popular and versatile in the case of hyperfunction of the thyroid gland (in high dilutions), scrofula and catarrh of the mucous membranes, especially in the area of ​​accessory cavities (in small dilutions). In homeopathy, ivy is sometimes used for diseases of the stomach, gall bladder and liver, for rheumatism and gout.

Bulgarian dermatologists from pounded fresh leaves of ivy ordinary recommend poultices in the area of ​​corns. In Germany, ordinary ivy is used for respiratory catarrh and chronic inflammatory diseases of the bronchi. Ivy ordinary in Georgia is part of the drug "Majuni", used in gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.

Ivy leaf extract is a herbal medicinal product that has mucolytic, antispasmodic and expectorant effects. On its basis, a lot of herbal preparations are manufactured, namely syrups (Gidelix, Pektolvan, Prospan) and drops (Bronchipret, Gedelix) for cough, which are also intended for children. The advantage of these preparations lies in their natural chemical composition, rather pleasant taste and aroma.

Contraindications and side effects

It is important to remember that ivy is a poisonous plant. Any use of ivy, as well as infusions, tinctures and decoctions based on it is contraindicated without prior consultation with your doctor. Overdose may cause poisoning, manifested by nausea, vomiting, dizziness, weakness, etc. It should be borne in mind that ivy fruits are especially toxic: if they are accidentally swallowed by children (or animals), severe poisoning is possible. It is also possible the manifestation of allergies in contact with the plant. It is not recommended to use drugs based on ivy ordinary during pregnancy and during lactation.

In other areas

Due to its evergreen, dark ornamental foliage, ordinary ivy has long been used for decorative purposes, especially for vertical indoor gardening, as well as for gardening arbors, porches, and sometimes pipes. In the southern regions of Russia, it is used as a beautiful climbing decorative evergreen plant, decorating their landscape of park and garden areas, creating various compositions. Ivy ordinary grown and as a houseplant. Designers - flower growers from it create green partitions, using for decorative separation of zones in the interior of houses, apartments.

Antibacterial and antifunginal activity of ivy saponins is widely used in the economy, for example, for washing linen and wool, leaf infusion is used against cockroaches (in America), wood is used in turning for the manufacture of various products, and gum for varnish in painting.

Common ivy is an excellent autumn honey plant, especially in the Caucasus, as it blooms in September-October. The plant gives a fragrant white stone honey with a mint-menthol flavor.

The berries of ivy in winter are the main food for pigeons, thrushes, and other birds (although they are poisonous to humans), leaves all winter serve as valuable green food for herbivores, both wild and domestic.

Classification

Ivy ordinary (lat. Hedera helix) - belongs to the genus Ivy (lat. Hedera) of the Aralia family (lat. Araliaceae). The genus includes 15 species of tree vines with suckers on the stem, widespread from the Canary Islands to the Pacific coast, in Russia - in the Caucasus (4 species). The plant has been bred for a long time; more than a hundred of its cultivars (varieties) are known.

Botanical description

Tree liana with airy suckers on the stem (up to 30 m long). The roots are characterized by endomycorrhiza, as well as the presence in the cortex of the secretory vessels in the form of tubules and glands. Specifically, young vegetative shoots are attached to the support (tree trunks, walls, rocks) with numerous adventitious roots. With age, the main axes of the stems, thickening, turn into twisted, crusty, powerful trunks, sometimes reaching up to 2 m in girth. Leaves alternate, petiole, leathery, shiny, heart-shaped on vegetative shoots, 3-5 lobed. Reproductive shoots have a different character, they are short, freely rising above the mosaic cover of the plant, devoid of roots-trailers, carry leaves (rhomboid-ovate or ovate) so different from the leaves of vegetative shoots that both can be mistaken for leaves of different plants. The flowers are small, actinomorphic, yellowish-green, in spherical umbrellas, solitary or gathered in panicles. Perianth double, calyx almost imperceptible, represented by small teeth. At the top of the ovary is usually developed nectar. Stamens 5. Gintsy Sincarp. Fruits are berry-shaped, when ripe it is dark (black) blue. Seeds with small germ and abundant endosperm. It blooms in autumn (September-October), it is mainly pollinated by flies and wasps.

Spread

In Russia, it occurs in Ciscaucasia and on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus. It grows in deciduous, especially beech forests, rising to a considerable height in trees, often causing their death, grows on stony slopes and rocks, in ravines, ravines, gorges. Cultivated ivy as an ornamental, including houseplant.

Pharmacological properties

The therapeutic effect of ordinary ivy is primarily due to its rich chemical composition. The plant has high sorption properties, due to the content of pectin substances, also has antibacterial, antifungal and expectorant actions. This is due to the content of saponin glycosides in the chemical composition of ivy, which contribute to the liquefaction of viscous sputum, activate respiration, bronchial peristalsis. The plant also has astringent and anti-inflammatory effects due to tannins. In addition, ordinary ivy, due to the content of tocopherol (vitamin E) contributes to the normalization of metabolism in muscle tissue, improves absorption and absorption of vitamin A, and also exhibits antioxidant properties.

History reference

The generic name of the plant comes from the Greek word "oedon" - "singer, bard." However, some botanists believe that the name of the plant comes from the Celtic word "hedea" - "cord", and the species "helisso" - means "curl."

Common ivy has other popular names: brechetan, serpentine, shalenets. Pharmacy name: ivy leaves - “Hederae helicis folium”.

Literature

1. Biological encyclopedic dictionary / Ch. ed. M. S. Gilyarov) 2nd ed., Amended. M .: Owls. Encyclopedia. 1989.

2. Yelenevsky A.G., M.P. Solovyov, V.N. Tikhomirov // Botanica. Systematics of higher or terrestrial plants. M. 2004. 420 p.

3. Plant Life, Ed. A.L. Tahtajyan. M .: Enlightenment. 1981. Vol. 5. Part 2. 425 s.

4. Peshkova G.I., Schroeter A.I. Plants in home cosmetics and dermatology. M. 2001. 684 p.

5. Poyarkova A.I. Ivy - Hedera // Flora of the USSR / Botanical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Started with the guidance and under the main editorship of Acad. V. L. Komarova, Volume Editor B. K. Shishkin. M.-L .: Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1950. T. XVI. Pp. 3-17.

Collection periods and cooking

  1. Foliage - at any time. Optimal: before or during flowering (late summer-early fall). Drying is carried out in a chamber at a temperature of not more than 50 ° C or in fresh air, under a canopy, periodically turning the material.
  2. Wood - in the spring after the beginning of the movement of juices. The stem pieces are peeled and crushed.
  3. Roots - at any time. They are dug, washed with cool water and dried.

Stored material is stored in paper bags or boxes. The maximum term of preservation of medicinal action is 4 years.

Medical use and healing properties of ivy

The composition of the medicinal components of ivy is studied in detail. Pharmaceuticals prized ivy saponins contained in wood, leaves and flowers. Saponins have expectorant and antispasmodic effects. Ivy produces volatile production (essential oils), which have a beneficial effect on the respiratory system.

The main components of ivy leaves: sterols and steroids, organic acids, carbohydrates (sucrose, fructose, glucose, etc.), mineral salts. Vitamin composition: group B, carotene (A), ascorbic acid (C), tocopherol (E). Tannins contained in the leaves (phenolic compounds), flavonoids (anthocyanins, in particular) and coumarins (aromatic lactones) have astringent, antimicrobial and antitumor effects.

In ivy seeds contains fatty oils, and in the roots of gum, vitamins, mineral salts, polyacetates.

Ivy has a tonic effect. and contributes to recovery after a long (exhausting) disease. In medicine, preparations based on ivy are prescribed at the rehabilitation stage after heavy operations and traumatic brain injuries.

Plant components have a wound healing and anti-inflammatory effect.. Decoction or infusion of leaves is used for fungal and bacterial skin diseases, for the treatment of lice, improve the condition of fatty tissue, excretion of subcutaneous toxins, in the complex therapy of weight loss. Ivy leaf extract exhibits antimelanoma activity.

The main scope of ivy - treatment and relief of problems with problems with the respiratory system. Saponins contained in the plant accelerate the formation and separation of sputum, which is important in the treatment of respiratory diseases (bronchitis, pneumonia). The principle of action of saponins is to increase the level of mucus secretion by the alveoli and bronchi. As a result, the frequency and severity of coughing attacks, for example, in whooping cough or bronchial asthma, is reduced.

Depending on the dosage and components used ivy can have both binding and laxative effects. The use of a decoction of the plant helps to normalize the work of the digestive system, improves the condition of the liver, causes a diuretic effect, and contributes to the treatment of the external genital organs in women.

Dosage Forms and Recipes

The main forms of home use ivy - infusion or decoction. Alcohol tinctures, juice, mush, ointment or balsam are also used.

  1. Decoction for the treatment of inflammation of the skin. Water with crushed leaves is brought to a boil, put on a steam bath for 30 minutes and then filtered. Gauze moistened with decoction applied to wounds.
  2. Cough Broth. A glass of leaves and wood (1: 1) is added to an equal volume of water and kept on low heat for 20 minutes, then filtered, brought to its original volume. Reception: on a tablespoon 3-4 times a day.
  3. Tincture for the treatment of intercostal neuralgia. A mixture of crushed wood and leaves is poured with vodka and left for 3 weeks in the refrigerator, in a dark dish, then filtered and applied by rubbing.
  4. Gruel to remove calluses and wen. Fresh greens, processed using a meat grinder or juicer, impose on the affected place with a gauze bandage.

Pharmaceutical preparations based on ivy

Pharmaceutical preparations based on extracts of ivy leaves, stimulating the function of the respiratory tract, for oral administration:

  1. Syrups (Gerbion, Gedelik ivy syrup).
  2. In the form of drops and tablets (Stoptussin).
  3. Syrups, drops or pills (Bronchipret, Prospan). Prospan is available in the form of effervescent tablets.