Rosa Abraham Derby - the most elegant variety from the collection of English spray roses. The grade was widely adopted and world recognition among gardeners.
In 1999, he was awarded the title of "The Best Modern Shrub", in 2001 the rose Abraham Darby was awarded by the American Society of Florists AARS.
In the article we will consider visually on the photo what the Abraham Derby rose looks like, learn how to properly care for the rose.
Description of park beauty
Rosa Abraham Derby (Abraham Darby) - variety of English hybrid roses belongs to the fast-growing species. The bush is tall, rounded, height - up to 1.5 m, width - up to 1 m. If grown as a climbing species, the length of the shoots reaches 2 - 2.5 m. Stems thin, strong, long, need support. Under the weight of volumetric flowers shoots slightly lie down. On the branches is a small number of thorns.
Leaves are leathery, shiny, medium size, rich green color. On one shoot forms 1 - 3 cup-shaped buds.
Root system is powerful, branching. The variety is resistant to cold snaps, winters with shelter.
Rose Abraham Derby bred in the 80s. 20 in. English scientist David Austin by crossing a yellow polyanthous and bright pink terry climbing rose. The variety was named in honor of the famous industrialist - Metallurgist of England Abraham Derby.
Variety Abraham Derby with a classic flower shape has become widespread along with hybrid tea roses goblet shaped. What is the difference from other types of roses? The grade differs in dense buds and volume flowers. The color of the inflorescences varies depending on the lighting. The flowers may be pink with a yellowish or peach shade.
Differs in flowering duration. Bush high, up to 1.5 m in height. Stems erect. The flowers are purple.
Winter-hardy. Bush lush, up to 1.5 m. The flowers are terry, rich yellow in color, the edges of the petals are pale yellow in color.
Use in landscape design
Roses Abraham Derby often form high thickets, are used as a hedgeLanding along the curb. The variety looks good in group plantings with conifers and evergreen shrubs. Tall shrubs harmonize with phlox, aconite, sage. In flower beds and flower beds it is recommended to plant in the background, against the background of tulips, hyacinths, peonies.
Rose Abraham Derby does not tolerate bright direct sunlight.
It should be planted bushes on the east and west side of the house. From the midday sun on the south side on the leaves can appear stains - burns, the flowers lose their brightness, fade.
It should be noted that light day for this variety should be at least 5 - 6 hours a day.
From strong gusts of wind and drafts fall buds and petals, the landing site must be protected, calm from all sides.
In the selection of soil litter is not demanding. The main condition is fertility and permeability. Dried manure, compost or manure should be applied to the soil. Part of the sod land is added to the sandy soils. Regular soil loosening and weed removal.
In warm climates, seeds are sown directly in open ground in the middle of autumn.
- A shallow trench is being excavated.
- Seeds are evenly distributed.
- Sowing is moistened, powdered with substrate (sand, peat, garden soil in equal proportions).
- From above sowing covered with leaves, spruce spruce.
- In winter, the frame is formed, covering material is fixed on top.
- Spring shelter is removed.
- The grown seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place.
You can grow seedlings in a greenhouse:
- Pre-seeds are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for 2 hours. The seeds are sown in small containers.
- Sowing covered with foil, daily ventilated.
- Content temperature - 20 - 22 ° C. The lighting is bright, watering regularly, in small doses.
- Seedlings, a month later, you need to move to the basement. Air temperature - 8 ° C.
- In spring, seedlings are transplanted into the open ground.
Rosa Abraham Derby winters in the open ground with shelter, can tolerate lowering the temperature to - 10 - 12 ° C. The optimum air temperature for this class is 20 - 25 ° C. Poor heat - the flowers become shallow, fade, petals can fall off.
Excessive soil moisture is not permitted. Watering moderate. Between irrigation, the ground should dry by 2 cm. It should be watered in the early morning or in the evening, after sunset. Irrigation method - sprinkling. Adult bushes require up to 10 liters of water; young seedlings are watered with a smaller volume. Water is recommended to use clean, separated, warm. In the autumn watering is reduced. In winter, the bushes do not water.
During the year after planting it is not necessary to fertilize the soil, the plant has enough nutrients.
Spring requires nitrogen supplements to build green mass bush. During the formation of buds it is necessary to fertilize the soil with complex fertilizers for roses.
At the end of the summer it is recommended to feed the bushes with potash fertilizers. Should alternate feeding. It is recommended to make bird droppings (1: 20), liquid mullein (1:10). Manure is used only fermented to 7 - 10 days.
Fertilizers are made in the evening. The soil is previously well moistened.
Trimming is carried out in the spring and before wintering. For the formation of a compact bush, the stems are cut to 40-50 cm. If the stems are located on climbing supports, only the tops of the shoots are cut in the fall. Removed stalks frozen in winter. During transplantation, dry and damaged root processes, not ripened stems, are cut.
Transplant is done in spring or autumn. Young saplings and adult bushes with strong growth are transplanted.
- The maternal bush or sapling is cleared of soil.
- Tops of stalks and long processes of a root are cut off.
- Slices are disinfected.
- Root soaked in warm water for 7 hours.
- In the hole, with a diameter and depth of 50 cm, the bush is placed vertically.
- The hole is filled with soil, the bush is well moistened.
- After sinking, soil is added to the near-stem circle.
Soil during transplantation: a mixture of sand, peat, humus in equal proportions.
Preparing for the winter
In the fall, shoots should mature well, it is desirable for flowers to crumble on their ownwithout pruning. At the end of November, pruning and removal of leaves, flowers and shoots is carried out.
In southern latitudes, shelter is required when the temperature drops to -10 ° C.
- Before hiding the soil must be tucked.
- A frame made of plywood, foam plastic, etc., is erected around the bush.
- Bush sprinkled with leaves, shavings, spruce branches, dry humus.
- When cooling from the top of the frame fit ruberoid, film.
For air ventilation it is necessary to make small holes at the base of the shelter.
The side sprout bends down to the soil, is fixed with a wooden slingshot, and is buried. Requires regular watering before rooting. In the spring the sapling is separated, transplanted to a permanent place.
At the very beginning of flowering, semi-lignified cuttings up to 10 cm long are cut. The lower leaves of the cutting break off.
The cuttings are buried in a special soil, covered with a film. Saplings overwinter in greenhouse conditions, in a bright place at room temperature. Planting seedlings in open soil is carried out through the year in spring.
Diseases and pests
- The leaves are covered with bloom, deformed - defeated by powdery mildew. Watering should be reduced, bushes should be treated with blue vitriol, oxyhom.
- Rusting leaves and stems will help get rid of spraying Bordeaux mixture.
- The leaves are covered with white or purple spots - signs of black spot. Requires urgent pruning of affected leaves. For prevention should be sprayed bushes immunocytophyte.
- At defeat of stalks of a rozanny a plant louse bushes should be processed karbofos or konfidor.
- Green caterpillars - leafworms curl leaves into a tube. Pests are collected by hand, the bushes need to be sprayed with a solution of chlorophos.
- Spider mite, rosian sawfly, thrips deform shoots, spin leaves. Treatment with insecticides is required (aktar, int - vir, etc.).
Abraham Derby Park Rose grows quickly and takes root easily, tolerates winter well. It blooms continuously all summer, turning the flower beds into a pink cloud of fragrant flowers.
Since this rose grows quite quickly, it can be used as a climbing line. The average number of flowers on one stalk can vary from one to three. It has an average degree of resistance to various diseases and pests. It has a rather low resistance to rain, during which the flowers do not open.
Flowers of English rose variety "Abraham Derby" on the invoice are double. A fully bloomed flower can reach 14 cm in diameter. They are characterized by continuous flowering from the very beginning of June to the end of September. Possess persistent, rich fruit aroma with notes of lemon.
Lighting and terrain
The rose of Austin "Abraham Derby" does not tolerate the shadow at all, therefore the best place for its landing will be a place that is under constant illumination of the sun's rays.
This flower is extremely unstable to wind and drafts, under the influence of which its petals and buds begin to fall off, and therefore the landing site should be well protected from them from all sides.
It is not recommended to plant on the terrain where they used to grow the same crop, since the pests and pathogens characteristic of them could remain in the soil.
The soil for this type of rose is suitable for almost any, it is desirable only that it be mastered. Possible additional improvement of the soil by digging and subsequent loosening. If the soil is too sandy, you can add a small amount of humus. Additional liming of the soil before planting is usually not critical.
Criterias of choice
It is recommended to purchase seedlings, the age of which does not exceed 2-3 years, since it is these seedlings that have the greatest winter hardiness and vitality, and therefore, have the highest survival rate after planting.
When buying, you need to pay attention to the condition of the stems. Several of them should have a stiffened structure, while the rest of them should have a green, fresh look. Wrinkles and wiltedness of young stems can be evidence of seedling drying or the presence of possible diseases.
On sale, as a rule, there are two types of seedlings: on their own roots and grafted. The first ones are usually weaker in their development, so before you buy, be sure to ask the seller what kind of product they offer.
Timing and landing scheme
Planting roses is possible in two periods - in spring and autumn. The first period is better for beginners, since planting at this time allows the seedling to develop better and, as a result, it is better to move over the winter. However, experienced gardeners recommend planting in the fall, in which case it is necessary to correctly guess the weather and time. Sapling before planting should be cut, leaving 4-6 buds, because too many buds can weaken the vegetative growth of the plant over the summer period, which will lead to the inevitable death of the plant during the wintering season. The roots also need to be cut, removing the damaged parts and slightly cutting the remaining ones. Thanks to this treatment, the bush will acquire a more powerful and branchy root system. Before planting, a hole is dug at a depth of 1.5-2 bayonets of a shovel, to the bottom of which some drainage and a small layer of fertile soil are placed, or a nutrient mixture consisting of peat, sand and humus. Next, the seedling is placed in a hole so that all its roots are laid out. After that, the pit with a seedling inside is filled with earth, which should be slightly compacted at the very end.
How to care for a grade
This variety of roses is not much more demanding in matters of care for them than other roses. However, due to the fact that this rose was not originally intended for cultivation in our area, there is some specificity of care, which will be discussed further.
This variety of roses does not tolerate excess moisture, however, poor irrigation leads to negative consequences, one of which is too superficial arrangement of the roots, as a result of which they can be easily damaged by loosening the soil.
It is necessary to water the bushes every week, using at least 10-12 liters of lightly warm water. Watering should be completely stopped in early autumn.
In the first year after planting, the plant does not need any additional feeding, since it completely lacks the nutrients that were laid in the soil during the planting process. Fertilizers begin to actively enter the spring of the second year of growth, and continue throughout the growing season.
The first fertilizer application should be rich in nitrogen. For this, it is recommended to use any bird droppings at a dilution of 1:20 or a liquid mullein at a dilution of 1:10. Then, during the growing season, every 15-20 days it is worth feeding the bushes with the help of special mixtures of mineral fertilizers for roses. Each top dressing should be carried out closer to the end of the sunny day and only after a rich soil moisture under the bush, otherwise there is a chance of damaging the roots of the plant.
The methodology for cutting roses of this variety depends entirely on the method of its cultivation. In that case, if you cultivate it as a climbing plant, it doesn’t need pruning at all, you only need to remove the damaged and not ripened stems during the growing season.
In order to obtain a lush, rounded shape, a spreading bush should be slightly pruned shoots froze during the winter period. And in the event that you intend to acquire a bush of compact size, it is worth every year to trim the shoots two-thirds of the length in the spring.
Fight against diseases and pests
This variety of roses is moderately resistant to various pests and diseases, so with proper care it should not cause you any trouble in this regard. However, it is worth knowing that of the diseases this plant is most susceptible to powdery mildew, rust and black spot. All these diseases are cured by removing the affected parts of the plant and processing various solutions of fungicides.
Bushes can also be attacked by various insects, including spider mites, rosaceous moths, thrips, rosaceous sawflies, and green rosy aphids. Any damage to the leaves, buds, and shoots — holes, twists, partial or complete drying, deformation, and entanglement with cobwebs — testify to this. It is necessary to fight this scourge by removing all the affected parts of the plant and subsequent treatment with various insecticide solutions.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
When deciding whether to plant an Abraham Derby rose in your garden, you should consider its features.
- Exquisite, unusual and extravagant appearance.
- Extraordinary coloring.
- A rather long flowering period.
- A wide range of applications.
- Strong and unusual flavor.
- Average resistance to various diseases and pests.
- Average frost resistance.
- Poor tolerance to excessive heat and excessive moisture.
Description of the variety of roses Abraham Derby and her photos
The English rose variety Abraham Derby was first introduced to rose growers in 1965. The cultivar is based on yellow cushion polyanthus rose and Aloha climbing.
The flower Abraham Derby in the dissolution has a classic old form of spray roses. The bud of the variety is colored yellowish, which begins to turn pink as it blooms. A feature of the rose flower Abraham Derby is a reaction to weather conditions. Its coloring is directly dependent on climate and weather conditions during cultivation.. The rose, like a chameleon, changes color from peach to bright pink with a light yellow color.
The texture of flowers Abraham Derby terry. The diameter of the cupped flower in the dissolution reaches 14 centimeters. Flowering is continuous from early summer to late September. The aroma of the variety is rich, fruity with notes of lemon.
The bush of the variety is lush, rounded, up to 1.5 meters high, covered with dark green, glossy foliage. In favorable conditions can grow up to 2.5 meters.
Planting and growing rules
Rose Abraham Derby does not tolerate the shadow, so you need to plant it exclusively in a sunny place, protected from cold and through wind.
Important. You can not plant a rose in a valley flooded with spring melt water. It is also not necessary to plant a rose on the site where the old specimens were previously growing, since diseases may persist in the soil.
A pit for planting is dug up to a height of 2.5 bayonets of a shovel and a width of 70x70 cm. На дно ямы укладывают дренаж, затем заполняют питательной смесью из перегноя (3 части), песка(1 часть), торф (1 часть) и плодородная садовая почва (2 части).In the mixture you need to add a glass of special fertilizers for roses and 1-2 glasses of wood ash.
Properly chosen seedling is a guarantee of receiving a rose with all varietal characteristics, therefore planting material should be purchased only in specialized online stores and nurseries. The price of Abraham Derby rose is from 500 rubles to 2-3 thousand rubles, depending on the age of the plant and the quality of the seedling.
Before planting a rose, Abraham Derby needs a sapling soaked in water.
Sapling before placing in the soil is kept in water for several hours. During this time, the roots are saturated with moisture and finish. All damaged roots need to be cut, and the main slightly trimmed. Such a technique will allow you to get a powerful, branched root system and accelerate the growth of the bush.
The seedling is placed in the center of the pit on a mound of soil, straighten the roots and gradually fill them with soil mixture. After planting, the rose is watered, the surface around the seedling is carefully mulched. Further care is watering, loosening with the obligatory mulching, removing weeds.
Growing ground cover roses Yellow Fairies, all the details on the link http://cveti-rasteniya.ru/roza-jellou.html
Rosa Louis Audier, features of growing and caring in the garden, is detailed here.
Rules for watering and dressing roses Abraham Derby
A sufficient amount of moisture in the soil - a pledge of rapid growth and abundant flowering of Abraham Derby roses. It is necessary to water a bush once a week, using at least 10 - 12 liters of warm water. Frequent and scarce watering leads to the fact that the roots are located close to the surface and can be damaged during loosening. Watering should be stopped from the beginning of September.
There is no need to feed a rose in the first year after planting., it is enough nutrients inherent in the pit. Starting from the second year, fertilizing begins in early spring and is carried out during the whole vegetative period.
Feeding is carried out bird droppings or mullein.
The first feeding is carried out by bird droppings (1: 20) or by mullein (1:10). With the beginning of the formation of buds and until the end of flowering, fertilizing is carried out every 15–20 days with special mineral mixtures for roses.
All dressings should be carried out in the evening after soil moisture.. From the beginning of autumn, fertilizers are stopped in order not to provoke the growth of new shoots. In August, for a successful preparation for the wintering bush sprayed with potassium sulfate.
The method of cutting roses Abraham Derby depends on the type of its cultivation. If it is used as a climbing machine, pruning is practically unnecessary. In this case, only shoots that have been damaged and have not matured over the summer are removed. Scourge can grow to a length of 2-2.5 meters.
For a lush, sprawling bush, you should slightly trim the frozen tips of the lashes. And if you need a compact bush, you need to cut the shoots by two thirds annually. Such pruning is carried out in the spring.
Tip Cut only with sharp shears to avoid injury to the bark of the shoots. Cut at a 45-degree angle from above — above the kidney, below — below it. Places slices necessarily cover with garden pitch or oil paint.
For the prevention of powdery mildew, use of copper sulfate or oxy.
The disadvantage of the variety is poor resistance to rain and heat. In wet, rainy weather, the Abraham Derby buds may not open, and on hot days, the flowers become shorter and fade. Strong heat leads to the complete fall of flowers.
Rose Abraham Derby is poorly resistant to diseases and can be affected by the fungi of the following types:
- Mealy dew. The leaves of the plant are covered with white bloom and begin to deform. For the prevention of disease in early spring, the bush must be treated with copper sulphate or Oxyhom. When the first signs of the disease appear, the bush is sprayed with Prognosis or Topaz.
- Rust. The fungus infects shoots and leaves. The bark of the shoots cracks and becomes covered with orange dust, orange pads are formed on the leaves. Most often, rust develops on weakened roses. For the prevention and treatment of spraying used Bordeaux liquid.
- Black spot. Rose leaves are covered with purple or white spots, which then turn black and turn into pads. All affected leaflets need to be collected and burned. It is possible to prevent the disease by spraying with drugs Charm, El, Immunocytophyte.
Numerous pests of roses do not bypass the rose and Abrazam Derby. The shrub may be attacked by a green rosy aphid, spider mite, rosian lisper, thrips, rosian sawfly. Any damage to the leaves or shoots in the form of holes, twisting, entanglement of cobwebs, drying and deformation of the shoots indicate the attack of insects pests.
At the first signs of the appearance of pests on a rose, all the affected leaves are collected, the bush is washed with water from a hose, the surface around the bush is loosened and free from debris. Then the rose must be sprayed twice, at intervals of one week, with a systemic insecticide: Aktara, Alatar, Komandor, Fufanon, Iskra, Inta-vir, etc.
Shelter for the winter
Proper organization of wintering Abraham Derby roses is a necessary condition. The shelter of the rose Abraham Derby should be started when the first frost occurs. Bush should spud sand or dry soil. Do not cover the base of the bush with peat or straw, as they actively absorb moisture and clog. Under such a shelter a rose can snuff.
It looks like a shelter for Abraham Derby's rose for the winter.
When frosts come, the bush should be covered with spruce leaves and non-woven fabric thrown onto the frame. Preliminarily, all the leaves are removed from the rose, the shoots are pruned to a third.
When growing roses as a climbing line, shoots are removed from the support and placed on a pillow tree. On top of the whip is also covered with lapnikom, then over them set the frames covered with non-woven material.
How to propagate the rose Abraham Derby
The most acceptable method of breeding the variety is rooting of green cuttings in the stage of semi-lumbering. Blanks cut at the beginning of flowering bush. Their length should be 10-12 centimeters. The lower leaves of the stalk are removed, the cut is made at an angle of 45 degrees half a millimeter below the bud. The upper cut is made over the kidney in a straight line.
The lower part of the cutting is treated with a growth stimulator. Then the workpiece is placed in a loose, moist soil and covered with a film on the frame. Watering rooting cuttings produced around the shelter, without removing it. In order not to violate the temperature regime inside the greenhouse. Rooted cuttings overwinter under shelters, as do adult bushes. To transplant to a permanent place new copies of roses are ready for the third spring.
This is the rooting of the green rose cuttings of Abraham Derby.
A small amount of cuttings can be rooted in pots, in room conditions. Land for planting is purchased for roses. Each billet is planted in a separate container and covered with a glass or plastic cap. Landings need to be installed on the east or west window. You shouldn’t keep pots on the southern window, cuttings can overheat and die.
The method of propagation by layering is acceptable for this variety.. For this extreme runaway, coming from the base of the bush, bend down to the ground, placed in a hole and sprinkled with earth. Place the place in the soil should be fixed with a wire or a wooden slingshot. The sprinkled part of the shoot is regularly moistened to form roots on it. The sapling thus obtained is separated from the mother bush in spring. It hibernates under a general shelter with a rose bush.
Important. Own-rooted copies can be propagated by dividing the bush. For the grafted rose Abraham Derby such breeding is not acceptable.
Abraham Derby in your garden
Abraham Derby's lush rose shrub can be a spectacular center for any flower bed. Good will look next to her delphiniums, gypsophila, lily. Good combination of Abraham Derby with other varieties of pastel colors. Rose can be used as a hedge.
Some gardeners recommend this variety as a climbing rose with a trellis arrangement. This is possible, thanks to the ability of roses in favorable conditions to give shoots up to 2-2.5 meters. Heavy rose flowers sag and the higher they are, the more effective they look.
Abraham Derby goes well with other varieties of roses.
Gardeners reviews about the variety
Kseniya. Abraham Derby - the most spectacular of my Ostinki. She has such expressive. The correct form of flowers. True, it blooms too quickly.
Host. My Abraham is three years old, but he pleased me with flowers only this year, after a full pruning almost to the root. After such a haircut rose gave thick shoots and bloomed. I really like the smell. Light, sweetish.
How to grow roses varieties Samba, you can find here.
Martha. Rose description Abraham Derby met several years ago on the forum. Rave reviews impressed, decided to purchase. The result was disappointing. It is not enough flowers, keep not for long. Although the flowers are really very beautiful. But for giving where it is possible to get out not often, not so approaches. By the time you arrive, the flower is already opal.
English roses of David Austin
While still a teenager, the son of an English farmer, David Austin, became interested in breeding roses. His hobby, which no one, except him, was serious about, has become a lifelong business - for more than 75 years the breeder-enthusiast has been breeding these luxurious flowers, and his “English roses” are known in all corners of the earth.
The creation of their David Austin was inspired by the old roses he saw in France. His dream was the breeding of roses, which would combine the appearance of old varieties and such qualities as repeated flowering, intense fragrance and proportionality of the bush. In addition, Austin decided to expand the color palette, which is very limited in the vintage varieties.
His first creation was the rose Constance Spry - the result of selection of vintage Gallic Belle Isis and modern floribunda Le Grice. The tall shrub of huge, smelling myrrh flowers has created a real sensation in the world of flower growers.
This was followed by many years of breeding work. In the first place for David Austin has always been the vintage form of flowers and fragrance. Most of its varieties have a cup-shaped, pompon-shaped or rosette shape and exude a unique smell, which even the most expensive French perfume concedes. A number of works of Austin came to the World Rose Hall of Fame.
Today, more than 200 varieties of English roses are officially registered, to which several new products are added every year. Some of them Austin displays not for commercial purposes - they will never go on sale. But all the roses of the famous breeder can be seen in his nurseries scattered around the world.
Sort Abraham Derby
Despite the huge range of English roses of David Austin, a very limited number of varieties are supplied to Russia - the most cold-resistant, well-proven in the conditions of Canada (according to the breeder, its climate is closest to the climate of Russia). One of the recommended for cultivation in our country is the magnificent variety Abraham Derby, awarded several awards.
The Abraham Derby variety was bred in 1985 and was the fruit of the crossing of two modern varieties - the bright red climbing Aloha and the yellow floribunda Yellow Cushion. The name rose in honor of the British metallurgist - the creator of the world's first cast-iron bridge.
Botanical description of the plant
The variety has very large flowers of the old form and a truly enchanting aroma. WITHAmong its main advantages:
- Long flowering (up to 4 months).
- Intense, bright aroma with fruit and citrus tones.
- Uniform distribution of flowers in the bush.
A distinctive feature of Abraham Derby is the change in color of its petals, depending on the weather. So, in hot weather, the open bud becomes peach, and in cool - pale pink.
The flowers of rose terry, large - up to 14 cm in diameter. The variety is highly valued for its ornamental qualities: the petals are not subject to shedding and sometimes dry directly on the plant.
Rose blooms from early summer to October - with a short break. Buds cupped, dense and heavy - because of this, the plant slightly wilts under their weight.
Lush bushes reach 1.5-2.5 meters in height. The leaves are dark green with a glossy sheen. Up to three buds can be located on one branch of a plant.
Sometimes a variety is used as a climbing plant if environmental conditions favor its growth. For maximum demonstration of the luxurious look of the bush it is recommended to prop up.
Choosing the best place
The main rule when choosing a place for this rose is not to place it in the shade. The flower loves the sun very much. Ideally, you need to choose a place where the sun will illuminate the bush on each side. In addition, the plant must be protected from strong winds that can damage the integrity of the buds.
The plant has deep roots, so transplantation is forbidden to him and can only be carried out as a last resort. With the most favorable outcome, the plant will recover after a “move” to a new location within 2–3 years, and in the worst case, it will simply not survive.
Destructive for plants and excess moisture. It should not be placed in the lowlands. Also, the Abraham Derby variety should not be planted on the place where another rose used to grow: pests and pathogens could persist in the soil.
The flower is quite undemanding to the composition of the soil. With a high content of sand in the ground, it is worth adding humus to it. Liming can not hold. However, the soil should be carefully loosened and cleaned of weeds.
Purchase of seedlings and landing features
When choosing seedlings, you should not choose those that grew on their own roots - they have a poor survival rate. Preference should be given to vaccinated specimens. This information can be obtained from the seller.
Optimal for breeding seedlings age not older than three years. They take root without any problems and can endure the winter well.
Healthy seedlings have fresh and juicy green stems, sometimes partially - but only partially - lignified (central stems). Shriveled and sluggish plants indicate the presence of disease.
Beginners are advised to plant in the spring, so that the plant can gain strength over the summer and endure the winter. More experienced flower growers already know the nuances of choosing weather conditions, so they can safely plant roses in the fall.
Planting is carried out in the following order:
- Before planting, the seedlings are pruned, leaving 4–6 buds on them - this number is optimal for the full growth and development of the plant. If there are more buds, the bush may weaken and die. The roots are shortened: healthy ones are trimmed by 1-2 cm, and dried and damaged ones are removed completely - such pruning stimulates the formation of a powerful root system.
- Seedlings are placed in a container of water (it must completely cover the roots) for 3 hours.
- The pit for planting should have sufficient depth and width so that the roots can freely stretch it. A drainage layer is laid on the bottom (pebbles, pebbles, ceramic shards), on top - a nourishing mixture of sand, peat and humus. To the mixture, you can add and special complex fertilizer for roses.
- The plant is placed in a pit, deepening the root collar 5 cm into the soil. The top layer of soil is slightly compacted.
- The soil around the plant is mulched with mowed grass, hay or sawdust - this contributes to the growth of the bush. Mulch will provide the roots with the right level of moisture and acidity, protect them from the cold and prevent the spread of weeds.
- The soil around the roses plentifully watered.
Nuances of rose care
If the gardener's choice fell on the rose Abraham Derby, planting and care should not present any particular difficulties. In general, the variety is considered unpretentious, but sometimes care for the Abraham Derby causes difficulties for domestic growers - after all, the rose was not bred for Russian conditions. She is uncomfortable with dry weather, as well as with an excess of moisture. If there is a shortage of moisture, the roots may come to the surface, due to which there is a risk of damaging them during loosening.
Watering should be carried out every week - with slightly warm water, at the rate of 10 liters per bush.
In the first year, the rose does not require fertilizer - it takes nutrients from the substrate that was planted during planting. The first feeding is done in the spring of next year. For this, the soil is fertilized with nitrogen (bird droppings, diluted with water in a ratio of 1:20, are excellent). Then every three weeks mineral supplements are applied. Fertilizers are made in the evening, after watering the bush.
It is very important to remember that it is impossible to fertilize a rose with fresh manure - it must first be drawn for 10 days.
Pruning plants is carried out as follows:
- When growing a climbing plant, only those parts that have been damaged by frost should be cut.
- Forming a lush bush, it is necessary to determine the bearing branches and control the vertical growth of the plant, removing excess shoots.
- For a compact low bush should be cut every spring 2/3 of the length of the shoots.
In any case, pruning is carried out only in early spring. The angle of incision should be 45 degrees. Places of cuts are recommended to immediately handle garden pitch.
How to prepare a bush for winter
При наступлении холодов розу следует окучить, предварительно подрезав стебли на 1/3 и удалив с них листву. Для окучивания используют сухую землю или песок. Торф и солому лучше не применять, так как они удерживают влагу, а это неблагоприятно для растения.
История сорта, его описание и основные характеристики
Сорт известен с 1965 года. It was then that he was presented to the public as a result of the crossing of the red-pink Aloha variety rose climbing rose and Yellow Cushion polyanthus rose.
The color of the Abraham Derby buds is pale pink at the center and yellowish closer to the periphery. Dissolving, the buds turn into flowers characteristic of classic-shaped spray roses. The variety has an unusual feature: the color of the petals depends on the environment. Like a chameleon, the buds change color from pink with a yellowish tinge to peach.
The bush of such a rose reaches a height of 1.5 m, it is lush and has a rounded shape. If you provide a thorough care, the bush can grow up to 2.5 m in height, but favorable environmental conditions are also important for this. Therefore, it is important to remember that this plant reacts poorly to rainy weather (at this time the flowers do not open) and is not very resistant to various diseases and pests.
For the stems of the rose Abraham Derby characterized by rapid growth, so you can use it as a climbing. On one stalk there are on average 1–3 flowers of a terry texture, and each of them, having fully blossomed, can reach 14 cm in diameter. Their aroma is rich, with fruit and lemon notes. Flowering varieties long, begins in early June and ends in late September.
How to choose a place for planting a bush, taking into account the characteristics of the soil and lighting
The variety of this rose was originally bred for latitudes more southerly than ours. Therefore, in our usual weather conditions, it can be called capricious. But you will be able to achieve the expected results if you follow a few simple rules:
- Rose Abraham Derby is very fond of sunlight, but does not tolerate shadows at all, so you need to choose a place for planting a seedling in which the sun's rays will be abundant, and it is desirable that the lighting comes from all sides,
- the instability of the variety to drafts and the wind, due to which the bush loses petals and buds, is known, therefore the area for the flower must be well protected from the wind,
- the place chosen for planting should not be in the lowland and be too wet - the roots of a rose can quickly die from an excess of moisture, For the rose Abraham Derby you need to choose a place open to the sun and closed to the wind.
- it is not necessary to plant a rose sapling for subsequent cultivation to a place where representatives of the same culture had previously grown - in the soil of the plot there may be pathogens and pests left over from its predecessor,
- The soil must be developed, that is, thoroughly loosened and cleared of weeds. Excessively sandy soil can be improved with a small amount of humus. Lime the soil is optional. However, immediately prior to planting, it is recommended to apply nutrient soil to facilitate the growth of the young seedling.
Selection of seedlings
The first step is to purchase planting material. In order not to be mistaken with the choice, learn to determine its quality:
- it is better to purchase saplings from professional gardeners or in special nurseries. Ask for instances aged 2–3 years: they are more winter-hardy, viable, their survival after planting is higher than in other age categories,
- Be sure to pay attention to the condition of the stems. Only a few central ones can be lignified, the rest should be green, fresh and juicy,
- if the stems are drooping or wrinkled, immediately set them aside. This condition of a young plant can have 2 reasons: the seedling dries out due to lack of moisture during storage or the defeat of diseases,
- usually put up for sale seedlings on their roots or grafted. Consider that the first of them can be developed weaker than the second. It is better to first ask the seller, which of the species is your chosen sapling. Qualitative saplings have healthy roots and strong, juicy stalks.
Now let's talk about the timing of landing. Roses can be planted only in spring or autumn. Experienced gardeners plant in the fall. True, this method has its own nuances and they are largely dependent on the gardener's intuition. It will take:
- correctly consider the weather during landing,
- take into account the features of the lunar calendar.
Only a person, on whose account there are already a lot of grown roses of different varieties, can take up this business with confidence. For those who have little experience, but there is a desire to get one hundred percent result, it is better to turn to a simpler method. Beginners in the cultivation of such capricious flowers are recommended spring planting: so a young bush will take root in the summer period and gain strength for wintering. In addition, when planting in the spring, you will have the opportunity to observe the growth and development of the young sapling in the very first summer of his life. At the same time, you will be able to consider the potential and notice the shortcomings of agricultural engineering, which you will immediately be able to correct and avoid them afterwards.
Optimum planting time Abraham Derby roses - spring
The order of planting rose seedlings Abraham Derby
It is very important to prepare the seedling before planting. To do this, follow these steps:
- Cut the stems so that they have 4-6 buds. Too many of them can weaken the vegetation of the plant in summer, and this, in turn, will cause the death of the rose in winter.
- Cut the roots: healthy - 1–2 cm, dry and damaged - completely.
- Place the seedling in a bucket of water so that the rhizomes are covered completely, and leave for 3 hours. Before planting, the roots of a rose seedling must be soaked in water.
Now you can proceed directly to the landing. Spend it like this:
- Dig a hole about 2 bayonet depths in the selected area.
- At the bottom, place a small layer of drainage from pebbles, pebbles or ceramic shards.
- Prepare the nutrient mixture by taking the following:
- 3 parts of humus or rotted manure,
- 1 part of sand,
- 2 parts of topsoil,
- 400 g wood ash,
- 200 g of complex fertilizer for roses.
- Place a small pile of this soil mixture on the drainage layer. Place the seedling in the hole so that its root neck is deepened 5–6 cm below the ground level. When planting, it is important that the root neck is 5-6 cm deep into the ground.
- Gently straighten the roots. Now the pit can be completely covered with earth and slightly compacted on top. When planting a rose sapling, it is important to gently straighten the roots in the planting pit.
- Be sure to gurgle the soil around the seedling. To do this, you can use mowed grass, hay, sawdust.
- The last step is watering the plants with plenty of water.
It is necessary to arrange the bush so that its root neck is deepened at a distance of 5–6 cm below the ground level.
Watering and feeding
If a variety is heavily tolerated by excess moisture, this does not mean that it can go without irrigation for a long time. Lack of fluid can cause the roots to get too close to the surface and you can easily damage them, loosening the soil and removing weeds.
Water the roses weekly so that they do not feel a lack of moisture.
Watering should be done weekly at the rate of 10–12 l of water for each rose bush. In early autumn, watering is completely stopped.
Video: rules for watering rose bushes
Since during planting you brought nutrient mixture under a young bush, in the first year of growth the flower does not need any additional feeding. But from the spring of next year, you need to start fertilizing and continue to feed the plant throughout the growing season.
The first dressing needs to be done with nitrogen-rich fertilizer. This can be bird droppings diluted with water at a ratio of 1:20, or a solution of liquid mullein at the rate of 1 part of substance per 10 parts of water.
Fertilize roses with bird droppings (1:20) or fermented mullein (1:10)
Note that the roots of the rose bush do not tolerate fresh manure. If you intend to use this substance as a fertilizer, let it ferment for a week, and preferably 10 days.
The following fertilizing spend every 15–20 days during the entire growing season, making special mixtures of mineral fertilizers for roses.
Roses will need fertilizing, and the easiest way is to purchase special fertilizers for this.
It is necessary to feed a rose in the evening, watering the bush beforehand, otherwise the roots can be damaged.
Although the flower has a classic shape, the variety Abraham Derby appeared relatively recently - in 1985, the English gardener Austin received a whole galaxy of garden roses with wonderful qualities:
- bright charming aroma
- long flowering time - as much as 4 months,
- uniform arrangement of flowers throughout the bush.
Abraham Derby has all the properties fully. In total, the florist received 10 new varieties, each of which was named in honor of the famous resident of England or a landmark historic event. This rose bears the name of a famous English industrialist, originating from an illustrious family. He was engaged in metallurgy, is known for having built a bridge completely made of cast iron - it was the first in the world of such a design.
Rose Abraham Derby was the result of crossing the climbing "Aloha" and the Yellow Cushion polyantha. She has good immunity, can be used as a hedge or as a soloist in the center of a garden composition.
An interesting feature is the change in color of the petals, depending on weather conditions.
- In the closed state, the buds have a yellowish tinge; in uncool color there are several shades. In hot weather, peach color prevails, in cool weather - pink.
- The flowers are large (up to 14 cm in diameter), terry. Rosa Abraham Derby - one of the largest English varieties. It has excellent decorative properties - the petals practically do not crumble, they can dry out directly on the plant.
- Flowering begins in early summer and continues until October, resuming with a short break. Buds dense, heavy, in the form of a bowl. Sometimes a flower can slope under their weight. The rose has a very proportionate shape.
- The aroma is bright, with fruit shades.
Bushes magnificent shape, in height from 1.5 to 2.5 m. If conditions are favorable, they can grow quite high, so some gardeners use Abraham Derby as a climbing plant. To better demonstrate the flowers, the bush can be propped up. The foliage is glossy, dark green. Appears on one branch from 1 to 3 lush roses.
How to choose a place to land
Note that rose abraham darby not developed for central Russia. A big mistake would be placing this color in the shadow - he sunlight required. The place should be protected from strong winds that can damage the integrity of the buds.
Since the roots of the plant go deep under the ground, replanting the Abraham Derby rose is strongly discouraged.
She may not recover after the move. At best, it will take 2-3 years to recover.
Like a shadow, excess moisture can destroy a bush, harming the root system. It should also not be planted where another rose had previously grown — pathogens and pest larvae may remain in the ground.
The flower is not too demanding on the soil. Before planting, the ground should be dug up and loosened. If it has a lot of sand - add humus, liming is optional.
Peculiarities of care
Since the Abraham Derby rose was bred on another continent, it may not be very comfortable in some Russian latitudes. The plant does not tolerate both dry weather and moisture overload. The lack of moisture leads to the fact that the root system can reach the surface - as a result, you can damage the flower during loosening.
- Watering held weekly, the water should be slightly warmed. Enough 10 liters per bush.
In the first year of fertilizer does not need to make, because at the time of planting were laid nutrients. From next spring feeding is necessary. First, they enrich the soil with nitrogen, for which bird droppings are perfect - you should definitely dilute it with water. in the ratio of 1 to 20. Every 3 weeks required mineral fertilizers.
- Fresh manure may be dangerous for roses, it must be allowed to infuse for 10 days.
Circumcision will depend on the purpose for which the Abraham Derby rose is grown. If the florist wants to see a climbing plant - it is necessary to cut only those parts that are affected by frost. To get a lush bush, follow the methodology of forming a certain form - to determine the bearing branches, controlling vertical growth, cutting off unnecessary shoots. If you wish to see a low plant, remove 2/3 of the length each spring.
Diseases and control of them
Even with proper care, there is no guarantee that the flower will not be attacked by pests. Of these, the most dangerous spider mite, leafworm, green aphid and thrips. Insects damage leaves and buds — holes appear on them, the leaf dries out, deforms, and cobwebs appear on it. The affected parts should be removed and treated with an insecticide. Abraham Derby has average disease resistance, a rose sometimes has powdery mildew, is prone to appearance black spot and rust.
Treat the plant should be fungicidal drugs.
Abraham Darby - bright accent
English roses are able to decorate the landscape in any style - French, country, "wild" landscape. It can be used in various places of the site. Rose Abraham Derby will look great as a solo plant, and in the case of group planting on the lawn. A hedge of bushes with pale pink buds looks charming. Also, this variety is perfectly combined with tall (phlox, delphinium, foxglove) and undersized flowers (geranium, bells, veronica).
A long flowering period, beautiful and unusual type of flowers, strong pleasant aroma - this is what attracts a lot of gardeners in the variety Abraham Derby. With proper care, roses will decorate the garden for a long time.