"Hare ears" called many indoor flowers. Usually these plants have two hanging pointed leaves. However, most often this popular name is a white-flowered gemantus - a plant that can become just a wonderful decoration of any room and at the same time distinguished by unpretentiousness.
Hemantus in nature
Flower bunny ears - a thermophilic plant. In the wild, it grows in tropical Africa in the Cape Province. Here on the slopes of the mountains in the shade of spreading shrubs, this plant feels just fine. The name “gemantus” was coined by Karl Linnaeus in 1753 for him. It is translated as "bloody." Indeed, in nature, plants with bright red flowers are prevalent. However, over the centuries, other varieties that have flowers of a different color have been bred. They include the white flowering gemantus. It is also quite a spectacular plant. Its inflorescence differs in the big sizes and looks fluffy because of a large number of stamens. From here and one more name of gemantus - "hare's tail".
The leaves of gemanthus have a dark green rich tint. The plates themselves are quite wide and thick. They grow vertically upwards in pairs, and their tips hang down on both sides, which gives them the appearance of hare ears. Usually in one pot grows up to 4-6 leaves. In an adult hemantus, their length can reach 30 cm. The height of the peduncle is 20-60 cm.
Flower hare ears - plant bulbous, and therefore does not like stagnant water. In the pot for him to arrange a good drainage. The bulb in this indoor flower has a very large size - up to 12 cm.
In winter, hemanthus comes a period of rest. This plant is propagated by seeds, daughter bulbs and leaves. Its main features can also include very slow growth of leaves. Also, apartment owners who want to purchase this plant should know that it can cause allergic reactions.
The pot under the flower hare ears (the photo on the page clearly demonstrates its beauty) is taken shallow, but at the same time is quite wide. From the edges of the bulb to its walls should be about 5 cm of free space. Land for gemanthus can be bought in the store. Excellent for this indoor flower suitable universal version of the soil. But if desired, the soil can be prepared independently. Its composition should be as follows:
- leaf ground - 1 part,
- sod - 2 parts,
- sand - 1 part,
- peat - 1 part,
- humus - 1 part.
When planting hemantus, one important rule must be observed: the bulb should not be completely buried in the ground. At the end of the procedure, the flower is watered.
For the breeding of a plant such as flower bunny ears, the easiest way to use this method. The sheet is simply cut with a sharp knife and stuck in the wet sand. It is advisable to sprinkle the tip with charcoal powder. Roots leaf very quickly. Soon there appear young plants. They bloom in the third year. Hemantus is transplanted once every 2-3 years as the bulb grows. If this is not done, the plant may stop blooming. Make transplants as carefully as possible. The roots of this plant is extremely undesirable to damage. Otherwise it will start to hurt.
Hare ears - indoor flower, featuring unpretentious. You can fertilize it from time to time with a complex top dressing for indoor plants. But the plant will develop quite well without performing this procedure. Organic fertilizer gemantus contraindicated.
Watering flower bunny ears need to be moderate. When water stagnates, the bulb can melt. However, it is undesirable to allow the soil to dry out in a pot.
Cut the flower bunny ears, care for which is extremely simple, as necessary, removing dried leaves. It is also necessary to remove the spike after the formation of the ovary. Over time, he will die off himself, however, he is able to spoil the appearance of gemantus for a long time. Spraying this plant also does not require. Normal for city apartments, humidity in 60% is enough for it. The only thing is that you definitely need to arrange abundant diffuse solar lighting for the plant. It is best to put a flower on the window on the west side of the apartment. On warm days, the plant is desirable to make a balcony or garden. At the same time it should be placed in the penumbra. In the sun hemantaus can not leave. Otherwise, there will be burns on its leaves.
For the winter, the bunny ears flower, the photo of which you can see on the page, should be removed to a room with an air temperature of about 15 grams. However, a good period of rest this plant tolerates and being just shaded. Cold watering is reduced. The lump should remain practically dry.
Hare ears - the flower is quite hardy and insects are rarely affected. Sometimes it is attacked by a spider mite. In this case, the plant should be sprayed with wormwood infusion and pour on the Aktara solution. Sometimes the plant rots the bulb. A similar problem may arise, as already mentioned, as a result of excessive watering and stagnation of water in the pot.
As you can see, bunny ears - a flower extremely unpretentious. All that is needed in order to achieve spectacular flowering is to water it from time to time and sometimes to fertilize it. The decoration for the same apartment, it can be very good. Especially beautiful gemanthus summer, during flowering, which lasts about a month.
The plant is very fond of light, grows remarkably in open and sunny areas, but you can breed it in partial shade. Winter-resistant culture, prefers light drained soil with a certain composition of rotted manure or vegetable fertilizer. Very well developed Chistets woolly and in dry areas. In the damp earth it decays quickly, and the luxurious pubescence of its leaves is lost. Tubers left for the winter season in the soil do not die. The growing season of the flower - 130-140 days.
Planting a plant
You can start harvesting areas for planting delenok, grown seedlings and rooted cuttings in the middle of summer. On 1 square. m, you need to make 20 g of potassium sulfate, 50 g of normal superphosphate and dig up the soil to a depth of 30 cm. Then select the roots of weeds and add at least 10 kg of organic top dressing.
In August, it is already possible to plant the future woolly cleaner on a permanent place, distributing it at a distance of 30-40 cm between cultures. The earth should be light (ideally - loamy and sandy), drained, not very wet, without stagnation of water, as should be fertilized.
In principle, the flower does not require any special care. This is a completely unpretentious plant, and it is easy to care for it. All soils are suitable for him, except for those that contain too much moisture. Woolly handsome not only cold-resistant, it also withstands drought perfectly and does not need constant watering. At the same time it is undesirable to water the leaves, it is enough to moisten the root system.
After flowering peduncles should get rid of them. Cut them as far as possible. You can also remove the spoiled lower leaves, to give the new opportunity again to recreate a magnificent and wonderful view.
Already an adult woolly chistitse, who spent the winter in an open area, needs special feeding. Suitable for this mixture of mullein or chicken manure with ammonium nitrate. Such a top dressing will fertilize the flower enough in the spring twice.
Young seedlings, planted at the end of the spring season, will need to be filled with mineral fertilizers once every 15 days. If organic dressing is absent from the farm, herbal extract can replace it. Nettle, for example, contains all the necessary trace elements. A plant can become even more decorative and beautiful if its flower shoots are cut at the moment of bud formation. And it will acquire a very showy look of a woolly Chisto (the photo below demonstrates this).
Woolly chistet: growing from seed
Basically, this flower is grown from seed. The best time to plant seeds for seedlings is March. 3 weeks will not pass, as the first shoots seem. The young plant is slightly different from the adult. Its leaves are not fleecy at all, and that's why at first many gardeners might think that they messed up the seeds.
Approximately at the end of May, when the seedlings of the crop grow up and get stronger, it can already be planted in open ground. It should be remembered that the soil clod on a flower should in no case be destroyed.
All his amazingness and charm Chistyu unfolds in the open and richly illuminated area. After some time, the leaves of the culture begin to gradually become pubescent, acquiring their natural appearance and silver color. By the end of the summer period, you can already see a real living carpet in the garden, which will not lose its beauty even in winter. The plant remarkably withstands frosts and looks very unusual against the background of snow.
Those who want to grow in their garden something original and very unusual can safely plant a magnificent flower - a woolly sweeper. Planting and caring for such a wondrous culture will not be any difficulty, but will bring great pleasure to gardeners.
Chistits in nature
Chistets belongs to the family of yasnotkovyh, in nature it is found almost everywhere in areas with a temperate climate. It grows in Eurasia, North and South America, and in some places in Africa. It can be found in the Caucasus, in the Black Sea region, Crimea.
This is a grassy, undersized (about 20 cm) culture. However, it has rather high peduncles - up to 60 cm - with small flowers of pink shades.
The inflorescences resemble an ear with a diameter of about a centimeter (hence the Latin name of the flower is from the Greek word “ear”). The ears bloom in late June and finish flowering in early fall.
The leaves of the bunny ears are oblong, thickened, have a silver-green color and are covered with fibers. They are very soft, velvety, they are pleasant to touch - like a real ear of a fluffy animal.
There are several types of chistets (stakhis):
For decorative purposes, stahis are usually grown woolly, it is a spectacular garden crop with a thick long pile, pleasant to the touch, delicate rose-purple flowers on shoots 20–40 cm long, blooming for 40–50 days. The plant is unpretentious, does not require complex care, frost-resistant and needs shelter for the winter, for a long time it retains its beauty.
The woolly woolly chisetz has several decorative varieties. Silver Carpet is most common in Russia - plants of this variety, planted by a group, form a beautiful carpet of pleasant silver color on the ground. Other popular varieties are Big Ears, Striped Phantom, Cotton Ball, Sheila Macqueen. They differ only in their decorative qualities, so choosing a variety for cultivation is sufficient in appearance of the plant.
Other varieties of hare ears are practically not grown for decorative purposes, but they have other useful properties. Almost all of them are used in traditional medicine, and the Chistave annual is an excellent honey plant.
Flower hare ears refers to medicinal plants, although in official pharmacology this plant is not used. For medicinal purposes, all parts of Chistac are used - stems, leaves, roots, flowers. It found a huge amount of valuable substances:
- essential oils,
- organic acids
- vitamin C,
Due to this composition, the plant helps with a very wide range of diseases.
For example, the roots of the woolly Piscatea have an antispasmodic effect and are effective against colic. Leaves of hare ears relieve inflammation.
Forest Cleaner has hemostatic and sedative properties, Baikal is also used as a sedative, and also helps reduce pressure. Swamp chistitse is used to heal wounds and stop bleeding.
Although this plant has many beneficial qualities, it is nonetheless toxic and has contraindications. It cannot be used with:
- angina pectoris,
- inclination to cramps
- bronchial asthma.
Of all the types of Chisette, woolly is the least toxic.
In addition to medical and decorative properties, Chisel also has industrial significance - for example, fatty oil, which is contained in the seeds, is used for the production of drying oil, and green paint for fabrics is obtained from the stems and leaves.
In the cultural cultivation of hare ears for their planting choose sunny areas. However, in the partial shade, the plant will also be quite comfortable. Chistek prefers light, loose soils with good drainage, alkaline or neutral, with a low nitrogen content. But it will feel good in other types of soil. Sheep ears get accustomed and grow well almost anywhere and with any care, no wonder one of the names of plants - zhivuchka.
Ears almost do not need fertilizing, but in early spring it is desirable to introduce organic fertilizer, for example, rotted compost, under a bush - this will help it to grow more powerfully.
Watering hare ears should be moderate. They tolerate drought easily, and root-wetting, detrimental to the plant, may appear from waterlogging.
In addition, excessive watering spoils the decorative look of the Chistavets - its villi begin to stick together, exposing the green surface of the leaves. But the disease and attacks of the pest, this grass is almost not exposed.
To maintain the effective form of the plant, it is necessary to remove dried and browned parts in a timely manner. If the chisel is used as a short-growing species, then in the summer period it is necessary to trim the inflorescences so that the plant does not bloom. However, if the composition allows for the emergence of high shoots, the flowering ears can be a spectacular addition. But it is worth remembering that the ripe inflorescences should be removed, otherwise the bush will disintegrate.
It is not necessary to cover a chistyka for the winter, it is not afraid of frosts and perfectly withstands temperatures up to -35 ° C. However, at very low temperatures it can be covered, but not much - otherwise the chisel can bump under the shelter.
Bunny ears breed in almost all ways of reproduction:
- stem cuttings
- dividing the bush or rhizome.
Seeds can be sown on a permanent place in spring or autumn, and can be sown in containers in March, and when two leaves appear, plant seedlings in a permanent place.
When propagating by cutting, the lower parts of the stem are used. Chistits can be divided and transplanted both in spring and autumn, and even in summer in cool weather. At any time, the plant can be planted, if there was a bald spot between the bushes.
Description: varieties and varieties of Chistave
Sheep ears are a perennial grassy culture from the family of Lambs. The plant itself is low, about 20 cm. In the spring it throws flower stalks 40-60 cm in height. Other features:
- leaves are silvery-green, with villi,
- leaf plate form - oblong, thickened,
- stem - erect, tetrahedral, few leaves,
- the size of the flowers is small
- the color of the buds is pink and close to it,
- inflorescences - spike-shaped, with a diameter of not more than 1 cm,
- flowering plant occurs from June to early autumn,
- root - vertical.
There are several decorative varieties of the Chistave woolly. Choose by botanical features or simply by photo:
- Silver Carpet. The most popular variety in Russia. Low - up to 15 cm. Group planting of this plant helps to create a thick silver carpet on the site.
- Cotton Ball. Flowers look like cotton boxes.
- Striped Phantom. The variety is characterized by the presence of light longitudinal stripes on the leaves.
- Big Ears. The plant forms long leaflets up to 25 cm.
- Sheila Macqueen. The variety has short shoots and does not bloom.
Sheep ears: planting plants
Chistets planted in open ground seedlings at the end of May. Pick a sunny or slightly shaded place for planting. The composition of the soil is not critical, but the less nitrogen it contains, the better. Type - alkaline or neutral. The main condition is that the soil is light and well drained.
- Dig holes along the root of the plant.
- Pave the bottom with a layer of pebbles or stones to create a drainage effect. Add coarse sand.
- Top with a layer of a mixture of ordinary garden soil with fertilizer, humus.
- Carefully move the seedlings along with a clod of soil into the hole.
Tip For normal cultivation in rock gardens stachis are placed in those corners where water does not stagnate. For example, on stony slopes.
Stachis care, fertilizer and fertilizing
Chistets woolly - an example of unpretentiousness on the site. Caring for him is simple:
- Watering - once a week in small doses. During a prolonged drought, the volume of water and the frequency of its introduction should be increased, otherwise the plant risks dropping the foliage.
- At the beginning of flowering Stakhis require hilling. Кроме того, периодически рыхлите и пропалывайте почву.
- Каждую весну обрывайте сухие старые листья. Летом следите за разрастающимися корневыми побегами. If they are not removed in time, they will crawl away and capture neighboring territories.
- Regularly pruning the inflorescences. Due to ripe buds, the bush can break up.
- To avoid bald spots in carpet planting, periodically plant young bushes in bare places.
- Chistets resistant to small frosts. However, at the time of severe frosts, the plant is better to cover. Watch carefully for the winter weather. As soon as there is a thaw - remove the protective cover. Otherwise, the bush can vopret.
- With the aging of the plant, a void will appear in the center of the leafy rosette. Once in 3-4 seasons new land should be poured into this place and the young sapling should be planted.
Chista is unpretentious not only in care, but also in top dressing. Fertilizer flower growers are advised to make 1-2 times a year in spring. Use chicken or cow manure in combination with ammonium nitrate. Sometimes organic is replaced by complex mineral mixtures. Fertilizer will help increase plant resistance to frost.
Sheep Ears: Plant Breeding
Culture propagation is possible by sowing or vegetatively. In the first case, the seed is scattered on the moistened sandy-peat ground in spacious boxes. Sprinkled on top of the seeds with a thin layer of earth and wait about a week before germination. Temperature and humidity - room, watering - the minimum. Perhaps the seedlings will have to thin out. In this mode, the young plants will be located before planting in open ground.
Tip Capacity for cultivation can not be changed. Sprouts do not need sparking. Although in general, sheep ears perfectly tolerate transplant.
In warm regions, stahis are planted with seeds directly into open ground: both in the fall and in March. Care of the seedlings is the same. Sometimes gardeners use a simpler breeding method - the division of the bush. For plants from 2-3 years old, this procedure is even useful to get space for development. Work in the spring:
- dig a plant
- remove the earth bed,
- divide the root manually into several lobes,
- land the fragments on the site with an interval of 20 cm.
Also a good method for propagation by cuttings. Use segments of branches with at least a pair of leaves or the leaves themselves from the lower nodes. For the cultivation of roots also suitable sand and peat soil. Watering - very careful. With proper care, expect rooting in 2-3 weeks. This will be noticeable by the fact that the cutting itself will begin to form shoots.
Diseases and pests of woolly Chistitsa
Proper care is a key factor in stakhis health. If you overdo it with moisture or plant a plant in the shade, then its resistance to fungal infections will decrease dramatically. It is not difficult to identify the causative fungus and compare it with a photo on the Internet. Usually, measures to combat it are reduced to the treatment of herbs with a special fungicide. In advanced cases, you should immediately remove and burn the infected parts. The plant does not suffer from pests.
Stakhis: combination with other plants
Gentle and fluffy sheep ears look great in many landscape compositions in the garden. They are used in the decoration of flower beds, paths, borders, rockeries, alpine gardens. Chistets will emphasize and highlight bright flowers: marigolds, lavender, campanula, ageratum, etc. It also looks good in combination with the soft shades of geyher, euphorbia, talicle and cuffs. Sometimes the plant is used for bouquets.
Sheep ears are unusual due to the appearance of the leaves. Use this feature, and bring to the design of your garden notes of warm sophistication.
Chistets woolly (Byzantine stakhis): description and characteristics of a flower
Chistets woolly (aka Byzantine stahis) are popularly called in different ways: bunny ears, chernozyabennik, zhivuchka.
Perennial herb ornamental plant from the family Luminous, with a creeping rhizome, pubescent oblong leaves of silver color and a pleasant aroma of small pink flowers.
In height reaches 40 cm, the flowering period lasts all summer. The fruit is a nutlet with three faces.
Grows wild in the middle zone of Eurasia and the countries of the Mediterranean, in the Caucasus, and sometimes in Africa.
A perennial plant that blooms all summer, height up to 40 cm
How to create favorable conditions for growing from seed?
For growing stakhis required to prepare the soil with good drainage, in too damp ground will start to rot quickly and die.
Also prefers open areas with lots of lighttherefore, it is widely used in alpine hills near summer residents, in carpet plantings, as well as in borders, it looks very elegant and noble.
To preserve the decorativeness of the bush and avoid self-seeding, need to cut flower stalks, avoiding the formation of buds.
Also, when the lower leaves are gone - a signal that the plant is old, you need to plant young bushes in order to avoid bald spots.
Chistets woolly, he is stakhis, he is sheep ears:
Recommendations for planting and caring for the plant
There is no care, as it is rather unpretentious, it is only recommended to water under the roots, and not to spray water on the leaves.
Once a year (better in spring) can be fertilized rotted compost. Transplantation transports very well, so you can safely transplant from place to place.
Land for landing is better to take alkaline or neutral with a pH of 7, add to it a bit of chalk or dolomite flour, well rotted compost.
Chistets are almost never affected by pests.but in wet conditions may suffer from fungal diseases.
Land for planting needs to be prepared in advance, for a couple of months to enrich with superphosphate (50 grams per 1 sq. M) and potassium sulfate (20 grams per 1 sq. M).
If planting is done from boxes, then between plants try to keep up to 40 cm for growth.
Chistets perfectly with lungwort, silver polynya and geyher. These plants are companions, they favorably influence each other.
Watering the plant under the root, springing it with compost, take the soil for planting neutral or alkaline
Hare ears (sheep's ear): breeding methods
Chistets woolly very well propagated by seeds, cuttings and division of the bush and root.
Flower seeds are sown immediately in the ground in spring or autumn. The first shoots will appear from 10 to 20 days, while at first the leaves will differ from adults (they will be without villus and normal color), you do not need to think that you made a mistake with the seeds.
If the sowing was in boxes (in areas with strong frosts), then the seedlings are planted in a permanent place after the formation of at least a pair of true leaves, better in May, leaving about 20 cm between bushes.
Propagation by cuttings can be carried out during the entire warm period.. To do this, you can use the lower leaves or pruning shoots with 2-3 leaves.
Make a mixture of peat and sand, root there cutting and make sure that the mixture does not rot. It will take about three weeks and new shoots will appear.
The simplest is root division.. To do this, carefully cut off a part of the root system, divide by hands into separate roots and transplant to a new place, at a short distance from each other, about 20-30 cm.
Chistitse propagated by seed, dividing a bush, cuttings, dividing the root
The division of the bush in the spring produce to make room for new leaves. It is necessary to dig up the plant, carefully release the rhizome from the ground and divide the bush into two or three parts.
Land in the right place, watching the humidity of the earth - do not fill!
In the flower beds Chistitse looks great with marigolds and bells, ageratum and cuffs.
Thanks to his ascetic qualities, he will delight your eye for a very long time with his unique look, without requiring great effort and close attention in return.
Homeland stahisa - Asia Minor and the Balkans. Here it is found in the wild. Over time, the Woolly Chistet spread in Europe and Asia, where it became a cultivated plant.
"Lamb ears" are very popular among residents of Russia and are found in almost every garden. This plant grows well in the middle lane, without requiring shelter in the winter.
Chisetz Byzantine - unpretentious plant that does not require special care. It grows on any soils, but prefers fertile sandy soils, on which it grows luxuriantly and acquires a more decorative appearance.
The plant is resistant to drought, loves dry, drained places. External irrigation turns the stachis into a “wet chicken”. Moistening can cause rot.
Prefers sunny areas, but feels good and with a little shading. Does not demand watering and top dressing.
Chistets woolly quickly captures new territories due to its creeping and rooting shoots. For the season, "mutton ears" can move half a meter. Therefore, the main care is to remove excess shoots and flower stalks. Peduncles need to be cut to prevent fruiting, which can lead to undesirable self-seeding. In addition, flowering causes stretching of the plant and the loss of the decorative appearance.
But although Chisel is to some extent aggressive, he does not belong to dangerous weeds: his root system is located in the upper soil layer and is easily pulled out by hands.
Application in floriculture
“Lamb ears” are valued as an excellent groundcover. The plant acquired its decorative properties due to its exotic, densely hairy leaves, which are characterized by an unusual gray-gray color. The pubescence makes the leaves of chistets thick and similar to sheep's ears.
The silvery-white bushes of the Chistyets look beautiful against the background of the surrounding greenery. This perennial often occupies the foreground of a flower bed, forming colorful cushion compositions and attracting the glances of passersby.
Chistets compares favorably with many other ornamental plants, as it looks attractive from early spring to late autumn. This is facilitated by the fact that the leaves of the plant do not fall for the winter, but overwinter under snow.
"Lamb ears" are perfectly combined with other plants, look great in rockeries and rock gardens.
The beautiful, hairy, silvery leaves of Chistets dry well and can decorate both planar and volumetric compositions of dried flowers.
You can order plants for your garden in the plant catalog.
You can see photos of garden flowers in our photo gallery.
A lot of information about a variety of garden flowers can be found in our blog.