Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Clematis Ernest Markham Description and Cultivation

In recent years, clematis are becoming increasingly popular among gardeners. One of the most sought after varieties is Ernest Markham. It is a liana with gorgeous flowers, which will be a luxurious decoration of a small front garden and a large garden.

Plants group Jacman

Clematis McChem belongs to the popular group of plants Jacquman, which are characterized by a large number of varieties of shrub vines with large flowers and a well-developed root system. The history of this group of plants begins in 1858. At that time, the first hybrid was bred in the nurseries of England. After some time, many varieties were bred that are characterized by long flowering, unique beauty, unpretentiousness and active growth. New varieties combined into one group and called the name of the creator Jacqueman.

Today, a large number of clematis varieties of this group are known. A wide color palette allows even the most demanding growers to choose for themselves. Plants of this group are:

  • lilac,
  • red
  • pink
  • light blue
  • velvet purple,
  • two-color.

Clematis Zhakmana can be planted in the gardens, they are decorated with arbors, arches and walls of the building. The main characteristics of this flower include:

  • long shoots, vines up to 3-4 m,
  • large flowers with 4-6 petals in diameter of 8-15 cm,
  • the flowers are odorless
  • on the liana flowers can be located one by one or three

Flowers differ in the form of petalswhich can be round, elongated, corrugated, diamond-shaped, in the shape of an ellipse with teeth on the edges. The direction of the flowers on the vine is also different. They can "look" down, up or sideways. Due to this diversity, plants of even one color look different.

The plants of the Zhakman group also differ in height. In some, the height of the stem is about 1 meter, in others it reaches 5-6 meters. Having planted a number of stunted and tall plants you can build a beautiful flower arrangement that will be even more original if you choose contrasting colors. Clematis bloom from July to October. Some delight in their beauty before the first frost.

A prominent representative of the Jacquesman group is Clematis Markham. The length of its shoots reaches three meters, red-crimson flowers in diameter of 14 centimeters. Wide sepals wavy edges.

Preparation and landing

Clematis ernest markham moderately growing and blooming variety. Ideal for its landing is the period from late August to early September. Until the cold, the plant is well rooted and better winters. Before landing, he should install supports for him up to two meters high. They will serve as clematis support in strong winds. Do not install supports too close to the fence or the wall of the house, there should be a distance of 20-30 cm.

Before planting it is necessary to check the roots for clematis. If they are dry, they should be prewatered for several hours in water. During this time, it is necessary to prepare a soil mixture, which depends on the structure of the soil and on acidity. The soil from the excavated pit is mixed in equal parts with sand, humus and peat.

Add a liter jar of wood ash and 100 grams of complex fertilizer.

However, it should be planted so that the bases of the shoots and roots are in the shade - the plant does not like excessively warm soil.

Ernest Markham does not like waterlogging, it is unacceptable for him to stagnate water in the ground. Planting a bush near the building, it is necessary to protect it from the water pouring from the roof during rain. Land for planting should be in a quiet place without drafts. A strong wind can damage the flower, break and confuse the shoots, adversely affect the development.

Clematis begins to be planted in early spring, useful substances move actively in the roots during this period, so the plant will surely take root. The plant multiplies:

  • seedlings,
  • rooted cuttings
  • layering.

Choose for planting need high-quality material with a well-developed root system. On one handle should be no less than five roots with a length of 30 centimeters or more.

Soil and planting pattern

For planting clematis, Ernest Machem is important soil selection. This plant is absolutely not suitable moorland.

The size of the hole must correspond to the root system and be sufficiently free (at least 60 x60). Equally important is the distance between the holes. For the shoots to develop and appear beautiful branches, you must have space.

The base of the pit is covered with drainage: pebbles, small pebbles. Then sprinkle with sand and fill it with loose, fueled soil. Pour prepared soil mixture into the hole, make a mound out of it. Put a seedling on its top and gently straighten all its roots. Sprinkle the remaining earth.

Clematis must be planted with the deepening. The larger the plant, the deeper it is planted. This will save him from the scorching summer heat and from the winter frosts. New shoots will be strong and strong. Planted bush well watered and mulch around the surface. The soil near the plant should be covered with annuals or perennials with a shallow root system.

The important moment of clematis care is loosening the soil and weed control. If there is only one shoot on a plant, it is pinched at the top, which contributes to the development of lateral branches. As they grow, they make a bush garter.

Plant Care

In the care of clematis ernest markham there are several basic rules, the observance of which will ensure a full and healthy growth and will affect flowering:

  1. For clematis very watering is importantwhich should be regular and permanent. If the plant is on the sunny side, it can be watered once a week. Water should be at least ten liters. 2-3 years after rooting begin bait. It is necessary to ensure that in no case water stagnates, the plant does not like it the most.
  2. Pruning takes a long time in the care of clematis and directly affects flowering. In the first year, all plants should be pruned, including those that are going to bloom. In the future, it is necessary to focus on the abundance of flowering. The stems that bloomed during the first year are pruned in the fall almost to zero to ground level. Last year's flowering shoots are slightly shortened, the remains are removed from the support, gently twisted and folded for wintering. In the spring and autumn it is necessary to carry out sanitary pruning, removing weak shoots.
  3. In the first few years after planting, clematis increases its green mass and does not bloom at this stage. Feeding during this period is not needed.
  4. After autumn pruning, the plant is spud up to a height of 15 cm, adding compost, wood ash and humus to the soil. The shoots are removed from the support and neatly laid, the root collar is well covered for winter with spruce branches or straw. It is impossible to use for these purposes polyethylene and other material limiting air access. If the flower begins to sing, it may die. In the spring the shelter is removed, freeing from the pile.

If the plant is frozen it is not necessary to rush it up. The root system after some time can give young shoots.

Small-flowered Clematis can be propagated by seeds, but for large-flowered hybrids this method is not suitable, because their varietal qualities are not preserved. Better use of vegetative propagation. The easiest way to multiply clematis is by splitting the bush. To this end, a part of the root system with vines is separated from the adult liana (from 5 years old) with a spade from the side and planted as a separate independent plant. These seedlings develop quickly enough and begin to bloom early.

You can propagate the plant layering. The lateral processes in the spring are pressed to the ground, fixing with straps, or they choose a good strong kidney and sprinkle it with a layer of earth. Rooted twig the next year from the parent plant cut.

Multiply clematis can be scaled only by cuttings. You will need to cut them from the middle part of the healthy shoots of both green and lignified ones. The upper cut is done at a right angle, the lower one at an angle of 45 degrees. On each handle should be no more than 2 nodes. The cuttings are well rooted in greenhouses, because the humidity and temperature of the air that is optimal for the plants is maintained there.

Pests and Clematis Diseases

From the description of clematis ernest markham it is clear that the plant is prone to the appearance of rot.

Dangerous for him is the disease fusariumwhich also appears from the excess moisture in the soil.

Pests can affect a plant such as nematodeswith which it is almost impossible to fight. If you find a disease from the bush will have to get rid of.

In the fight against mites, aphids, flies, thrips they fight with conventional insect repellents.

Clematis in design

Clematis Markham for central Russia is a common ornamental climbing plant that allows you to solve problems of vertical gardening. Flowers perfectly decorate the walls of buildings, decorate the open veranda or the entrance to the house. This vine is an elegant addition to the gazebo, making it more comfortable. Arches and pergolas are also pleased with the alliance with clematis, enlivening with its colors.

You can create multicolored pyramids, columns and curbs from clematis. The plant copes well with the function of the groundcover, flourishing the garden with a magnificent carpet. It is also suitable for the background of mixboards and various flower groups. Clematis helps to bring in a rare blue flower garden and create a colorful background composition.

Flowering varieties can grow indoors, on a balcony or on a loggia in a container. This is a terrific sight, but it is necessary to take into account certain nuances:

  • container width must be more than 35 cm
  • depth of capacity is 60-80 cm,
  • the loggia or balcony should be located on the north side,
  • a plant in a container can grow up to five years, then transplanting into a larger container is necessary,
  • the container should be set on a wooden stand,
  • Clematis can spend the winter on a balcony only at a temperature not lower than zero, and it is better to warm the container.

Clematis Jakmana

Clematis Jakmana - An old interspecific hybrid created in England as early as 1858 and still very popular among gardeners from all over the world. Obtained by crossing several clematis: clematis lanugilosa (woolly), clematis viticella (purple), and one of the first hybrids known as clematis hendersonii.

It is a woody liana with a height of 3-4 m, with unpaved plums, leaves covered with bottom and large, up to 14 cm in diameter, violet-purple or pink flowers, often grouped together by 3 pieces. Blooms profusely and long, from mid-June to late September. The bush is winter-hardy enough, but light shelter is desirable.

Clematis Beata

Clematis Beata - the variety of Polish breeding, which entered the market in 1986, is distinguished by very large, 18-25 cm, simple or semi-double colors, painted in bluish-pink color with a distinct pink stripe in the center of each petal.

The bush grows up to 2-3 m, it blooms most intensively in June and the first half of July, then until August the flowering somewhat weakens. The relatively compact size allows the use of the flower as a container culture.

Clematis Ville de Lyon

Clematis Ville de Lyon - An old variety, created in France back in 1899, and now still included in all catalogs of culture.

Belongs to the Vititsella group and fully possesses all its advantages: abundant and early flowering, unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil, shade tolerance and resistance to diseases.

Flowers of carmine-red color with darker edges, medium size (12-15 cm), bloom on bushes throughout the season, from late May to September.

Clematis Cardinal Vyshinsky

Clematis Cardinal Vyshinsky - another compact, not higher than 2-3 m, Polish variety, characterized by unusually abundant flowering and resistance to external influences, including frost. Flowers, bright red, with a diameter of 10 - 20 cm, with numerous burgundy stamens, appear in June-September. Liana feels good both in the sun and in the shade, can be grown as a climbing plant, suitable for cultivation in containers.

The later, blooming in the second half of summer, the varieties of this group include:

Clematis Rouge Cardinal

Clematis Rouge Cardinal - A hybrid from the Jacqumann group, bred in France in 1968 and since then has repeatedly received awards at various international exhibitions.

Liana height of 2-3 m, moderately growing and blooming profusely from July to September. Winter-hardy, develops better in light partial shade, can be used for vertical gardening in the garden, as well as planted in closed containers on terraces, balconies, etc. The color of the flowers is purple-red with white-cream stamens, the shape is cruciform, open, diameter is up to 15 cm.

Clematis Comtes Debusho

Clematis Comtes Debusho - another old, but now invariably popular variety, belonging to the Jacquesmann group. Bred by French breeder F. Morel until 1906, it is characterized by moderate growth, lush flowering, resistance to diseases. Relatively compact dimensions of the vine, reaching a height of 2-2.5 m, allow you to grow it not only in open ground, near various kinds of fences, gazebos, but also in deep containers to decorate balconies and terraces.

Flowers of medium size, 10-15 cm in diameter, pink-purple with purple veins, cupped, on long, up to 18 cm, peduncles, bloom from June to September, especially numerous in July-August.

Clematis Ernest Markham

Clematis Ernest Markham named for its creator E. Markham, who introduced the variety in 1936. The height of the bush is about 3-4 m, flowers with wide, slightly wavy, velvety petals, bright crimson with light brown stamens, bloom in the second half of summer.

Clematis Ernest Markham belongs to the Jacqumann group, valued for a long, from July to the most frost, and abundant flowering, has a good ability to form shoots and moderate growth, develops better in full sun.

Clematis Princess Diana

Clematis Princess Diana - a relatively new variety, bred in the UK in 1984. The height of the bush - 2-3 m, flowering time - July-October. Differs in high resistance to diseases, good frost resistance, and most importantly - the original and rare form of flowers, single tulip-shaped bells, directed to the sides and upwards, up to 8 cm, with a diameter of 5-6 cm. Their color is also quite unusual - bright red-pink, with lighter edges.

Since the variety Princess Diana is a clematis from the Texensis group, originating from the species C. Texensis (C. Texan), it reaches its greatest decorative value when it is planted in a warm, sheltered from the wind place in the open sun.

Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance

Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance Bred in France in the late 19th century. This is another old variety, which, thanks to its merits, is still in demand and is included in the range of nurseries around the world. It is a large, up to 3.5 m high, liana, which blooms profusely and for a long time, from July to September. Its terry maroon-red flowers with a diameter of 4-6 cm bloom gradually, their petals do not fall off and retain a decorative look on the bush for up to 25 days. Stamens and pistils of this hybrid are absent.

Purpurea Plena Elegance is a clematis from the Vititsella group, and, like all of its representatives, is exceptionally unpretentious, completely frost-resistant, it is little affected by diseases and pests. The relatively small sizes of flowers are compensated by their multiplicity, during flowering the bushes look very colorful, although somewhat old-fashioned, besides they remain decorative for a long time.

Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance is easy to grow and easy to maintain, therefore it is perfect for urban plantings, it is also recommended for beginner gardeners. It can grow in the garden and in a container on a balcony or terrace, quickly wraps around the supports, creating a colorful flowering curtain.

Clematis clematis asao

Clematis Asao - large-flowered hybrid of Japanese selection, created in 1971. Moderately growing liana with a height of 2-3 m, with simple or semi-double flowers with a diameter of 12 to 20 cm, in which the fully open petals are dark pink with a paler strip in the center, anthers are yellow .

It prefers penumbra, in the bright sun the flowers lose their brightness and color quickly fall off. It is used for vertical gardening in the garden or, in large capacity, on the balcony, well wraps around natural supports - tall shrubs, trees.

Clematis Josephine

Clematis Josephine first shown at the flower exhibition in Chelsea in 1998, although it was created much earlier - back in 1980. Josephine Hill, after whom the flower was named, acquired it as an unknown variety. It is a compact creeper with a height of 2-2.5 m with very large, up to 18-25 cm in diameter, double flowers.

It belongs to the Patents group, and, like all its representatives, is distinguished by velvety, unusually soft petals, painted in lilac-pink tones. Для сорта характерна необычная форма и окраска цветка.It has the shape of a rosette, external sepals may be green, lilac, pink, purple or cream, internal, narrower, superimposed on each other, originally painted in a green tone, revealing gradually, becoming pink with a darker strip in the center. Interestingly, the color of the flower in the sun and in the shade differs dramatically. In a shady place, it becomes greenish, the stripes on the petals almost merge with the stems and foliage, and with full light, large, double flowers, gradually opening up, become like pompons of the most bizarre color.

Liana fully displays its decorative effect when it is planted in the sun or in light penumbra, where it blooms long and abundantly, while the flowers do not fall off for a long time, remaining attractive to pollinating insects because they are sterile. It develops better in the southern regions, in the northern regions it blooms less.

Clematis President

Clematis President - one of the old varieties, bred back in 1876, but still grown widely and everywhere. It belongs to the Patents group, it is a compact shrub vine with 6-10 shoots growing up to 2-2.5 m and covered with large purple or dark blue-violet flowers with a diameter of 15 to 18 cm throughout the season, bowl-shaped, with long, upward peduncles. It blooms magnificently from May to June on overwintered shoots, in July-October on young growths, it is distinguished by unpretentiousness and frost resistance.

It is recommended for cultivation even in the northern regions of the country, can be used to decorate balconies, loggias and terraces, for winter forcing.

Clematis Multi Blue

Clematis Multi Blue - President sport, with large, reaching 15 cm in diameter, double or semi-double violet-lilac flowers with white tips. The compact bush, not higher than 2 m in height, is exclusively unpretentious in leaving.

This combination of advantages makes the variety very popular among gardeners, it is used for growing on poles, as a groundcover, container culture. Liana blooms almost continuously throughout the season, in May-June - with relatively few, but double and large flowers on last year's growth, in July-August - on young shoots, at this time the largest number of buds is formed, and the liana reaches the peak of its decorative effect. Refers to the Patents group. Flowers can be used for cutting.

Clematis Blue Light

Clematis Blue LightBred in Holland in 1998, the sport of the famous English variety, Clematis Mrs. Cholmondeli, created back in 1877. The height of the creeper is about 2-2.5 m. Thanks to its compact size, it looks good in small gardens, suitable for decorating balconies and terraces . Needs a sunny, windproof location.

A distinctive feature of the variety is light blue flowers with a lavender shade, densely double-lined on both old and young shoots, which is quite rare among clematis. The diameter of the flower - 10 - 15 cm.

Clematis Red Star

Clematis Red Star - Japanese cultivar from the Patents group, appeared on the market in 1995. Small, no higher than 1.5 - 2 m vines with flowers up to 14 cm in diameter, double or semi-double. They bloom profusely from the second half of May until June, then again, much more modest - at the end of summer. The petals of irregular broadly lanceolate form, with wavy edges, have an original color: red with a pink stripe in the center, a lighter tone at the base and greenish shadows better seen on the outer petals, stamens with creamy yellow threads and purple anthers. At the beginning of the season, terry flowers are formed on shoots of the last year, in August-September, on annual growths - simple. For landing it is recommended to choose sunny places.

Clematis Mazuri

Clematis Mazuri, created by Polish breeder Stefan Marczyński in 2006 and immediately received the prestigious silver medal at an exhibition in Warsaw. Named for Masuria, a region in northwestern Poland.

It belongs to the Jacquesman group, blooms on annual shoots, requires a strong pruning (third group). He has gained popularity all over the world as one of the best blue varieties. Its large, up to 17 cm, terry flowers with numerous pointed petals, lighter on the edge, appear to be made of tissue paper at the beginning of flowering, then open wide, exposing creamy stamens and pistils.

Blooms profusely and for a long time, from late June to autumn, preferring sunny places. The size of the bush is about 2.5 - 3 m,

Clematis Mazovshe

Clematis Mazovshe - Another variety of Stefan Marczyński, also introduced in 2006 and also named after one of the regions of Poland, this time Mazovia.

In many ways similar to the previous variety, has a similar height, diameter and flower structure, flowering time and character of pruning. It differs only in the color of the petals - purple-red, velvety, pink at the edges, with light stripes on the bottom and bright cream-purple stamens in the center. Among the advantages of the variety are resistance to disease and good winter hardiness.

Clematis Kaiser

Clematis Kaiser - a novelty in the flower market, on sale since 2010. This hybrid created in Japan from the Patents group is a miniature liana with a height of 1-1.5 m, with terry or semi-double variegated flowers, numerous petals of which are purple-pink, sometimes red, with flashes of white or greenish, become almost green in cold weather.

The first wave of flowering occurs in May-June, at this time the shoots are completely covered with numerous large, up to 14 cm in diameter, flowers. In late summer, flowering is not so abundant, the color of the buds becomes dark purple by autumn. The plant develops better in the sun, perfect for container culture.

Landing features

In order for the plant in your area to bloom profusely and for a long time, you should take a responsible approach to choosing a place to plant it. First of all, you need to remember that clematis - light-loving plants. Best of all, they grow on the south side of the site, in a sunny and sheltered place. Also an excellent option for planting shrubs is penumbra, the main thing is to ensure that the vine is in the sun for at least 6 hours a day.

Sour or heavy soils for clematis are not suitable. The soil for the bush should be loose, well permeable to water. The plant is usually planted in spring or early autumn. In order to create a vertical gardening area, it is recommended to immediately install supports, at least 2 m high. It is important to ensure that the supports for the vines are not placed too close to the walls, because in this case rainwater flowing from the roof will fill in clematis, which may lead to his death.

Clematis "Ernest Markham" can grow thick to 1.5 m in width.

The hole for planting shrub vine is dug not less than 60 cm in length, width and depth. Drainage is laid on its bottom, a mound of planting mixture is formed from above, the composition of which directly depends on the state of the soil. Before planting, it is recommended to carefully examine the sapling: ideally, it should have at least 5 roots of more than 30 cm in length. If the roots have dried out a little, they should be soaked for a couple of hours in water. The seedling is placed directly on the mound of the planting mixture, straightening its roots, and sprinkled on top of the ground. The root neck of the shrub should be buried so that the bush does not die during the frost.

The area around the plant is well watered, fertilized (if necessary) and mulch. Some gardeners recommend planting low annuals near clematis, which will protect the root system of vines from high temperatures in the summer.

“In the southern regions with mild winters, planting clematis to a permanent place is preferable in the fall (at the end of September - October), and in more northern areas in the spring (April - May). If it is required to plant clematis in the south in the spring, then this must be done no later than March, when planting in the fall in the northern regions it should be held in late August - mid September. Planting should be carried out in a specified time, so that plants can take root before the onset of frost in the fall or hot weather in spring.
In general, clematis can be planted throughout the growing season (especially if planting material is grown in containers), but then it is necessary to shade the plants during the first two weeks after planting (if it is held in summer, especially in the south) and provide them with good care. ”

From the book of the famous specialist in clematis Margarita Alekseevny Beskaravaynoy.

Shrub care

Care for this variety of clematis is watering, feeding, pruning his shoots and weed control.

Water the plant should be regularly and quite often, the main thing - do not overdo it, because clematis poorly tolerate stagnant water in the area. The soil around the bush should also be periodically loosened. Experienced gardeners are advised to do this after each watering or rain. Also, the vine needs a systematic mulching of the soil. In the hot season, a layer of mulch protects the soil from overheating, and in cold weather it helps to protect the plant from freezing.

In the spring, during active growth of the shrub, it is recommended to apply nitrogen fertilizers, and during budding, complex mineral fertilizers will be an ideal option for fertilizing.

Trim group

Clematis Ernest Markham has the third trimming group. Before the onset of cold weather, the branches of the plant are radically cut off, leaving no more than 3 buds above the ground (on average, about 15–20 cm of shoot). In regions with frosty and severe winters, shrub vine is recommended to cover. Remember that for these purposes you can not use polyethylene or other materials that do not allow air! Otherwise, the flower after such a procedure may die.

In the spring, during the germination of new shoots, sanitary pruning is carried out - all weak and unviable branches are removed.

Diseases and pests

Clematis is very weakly affected by various viral or fungal diseases. But they can be affected by diseases such as viral mosaic, wilt, powdery mildew and rust, although such situations are extremely rare.

A shrub may suffer during the life of some pests. Their names and methods of struggle are presented in the table.

Variety description

Clematis "Ernest Markham" is included in the group of Jacanman shrub vines, which is combined with large and very beautiful flowers, a developed system of roots and shoots that require constant pruning. The whole species appeared around 1858 in England.

He repeatedly yielded to crossing and processing, and eventually moved into a separate group. This particular variety got its name from the creator E. Markham, which he presented the subspecies officially in 1936 and introduced him to the family.

Clematis shoots reach more than 5 centimeters in length. The size of the flowers is large, usually from 10 to 13 centimeters, sometimes as many as 25. Usually they are collected in small groups.

The height of the plant itself may also be different. Some representatives reach only 1 meter, while others can overcome the mark of 6-7. The variety grows moderately, but blooms a lot, long and steadily. Flowers appear relatively late, differ in velvet texture, stamens and bright color. The color is usually bright red, but there are also shades of purple and pink.

Choosing a place in the garden

The flower loves the sun and warmth, but the landing should be carried out so that the roots and the base fall under the shade. If the ground is overheated, the plant may die, and not rooted.

In order for clematis to feel well, it is better to plant letniks near it, which will cast a shadow on the young seedlings. Further, a sufficient amount of sun is required for the plant to bloom.

Soil requirements

The choice of soil is also very important. The ground in which water often stagnates does not suit clematis at all, so marshlands will not fit right away. If the landing is carried out at the walls, you need to take care that the water after the rain does not accumulate at the roots. The plant takes root on almost any kind of soil, the main thing before planting is to fertilize it with phosphates and ashes.

Depth and landing pattern

This plant variety can grow for many years in the same place, sometimes even for decades. And so it is very important to choose a good landing place. The size of the hole should be sufficiently free for the development of the root system, at least 60 by 60 centimeters.

It is important to calculate the distance from one landing hole to another. Leave a little space for the development of shoots and the formation of beautiful branches.

A layer of drainage, for example, pebbles, gravel and other small pebbles, is poured onto the bottom, at the bottom of the pit, and then sprinkled with sand. Next, the hole should be filled with loose soil, necessarily fed. You can mix all the soil with humus, peat and give a little sand. Superphosphates are added there, some ash and, if possible, about 200 grams per one hole of complex fertilizers for plants.

Sometimes, when landing, a seat on a support is immediately calculated, which is useful during growth and flowering. You can take care of this in advance.

How to care for a plant

In the care of this variety there are several basic rules that will ensure its healthy and full growth and affect the future flowering.

Clematis needs constant regular watering. If the place is chosen correctly, that is, it is the sunny side, then you can water about 10 liters of water about once a week. After rooting at 2-3 years of life and feeding begins.

Be sure to ensure that the water in the soil does not stagnate, as this plant does not like the most.

Very important for the look and pruning. It takes a lot of time in caring for the variety and directly affects flowering. In the first year or two you need to prune all the plants, even those that are going to bloom.

Then you should focus on the abundance of flowering. The flowers that appear during one year are pruned in the fall almost to zero, to the ground level. If they appeared on the shoots of last year, then you should only shorten them a little. It is very important to remove the remains from the support, carefully twist and fold for wintering. Weak shoots are removed. Like all flowers of the Jacqumann group, they should be cut in the fall after flowering. It is also recommended to carry out cuttings in the early spring after shoots of overwintered flowers appear.

Clematis usually grows roots and green mass after planting in the first few years; therefore, flowering may be rare or absent. To ensure good development, the best solution is to cut all the buds, so the plant will save power and be able to more fully develop. Feeding in this time is not required.

Shelter for the winter

If we are talking about the shoots that bloom, they should be twisted and placed on the branches of a twig or straw. The plants themselves are also advised to cover with straw or spruce, but not with polyethylene or other material that limits the access of air. If the flower will pass, it will die from rot during the winter.