Garden flowers, plants and shrubs

Adonis spring medicinal herb: description, properties, contraindication

Spring adonis (in Latin - Adonis Vernalis) is a medicinal plant, the healing qualities of which are well known. Despite the fact that adonis itself is poisonous, it contains a number of unique chemical elements and therefore is widely applicable both in traditional medicine and as part of folk remedies.

general characteristics

Spring adonis is a perennial plant, derived from the buttercup family. Its scientific name, Adonis, according to legend, came from the name of Adon, the Phoenician sun god, who died every autumn in order to be reborn in spring.

In another way, the spring adonis is also called yellowing, kupavnik, field dill, hair, hare poppy, yellow-heap, old-hatcher, black grass.

This herbaceous plant is characterized by a vertical, shortened rhizome and straight bare stems, reaching a height of 40-60 cm. The leaf blades are small and brownish. At the very roots and at the bottom of the stem, they, as a rule, have a scaly form, above - palchatorasosesennuyu.

Adonis flowers are solitary, located at the very ends of the shoots. They are quite large (up to seven centimeters in diameter) and have up to twenty petals of a light yellow color, resembling a multi-path star.

Fruits of adonis spherical and wrinkled, arranged on small hooked stems.

Spread

Most often, adonis is found on dry slopes of hills or forest edges. He also loves virgin chernozems, choosing places that are well warmed by sunlight.

It blooms in spring, usually in April and May. At this time, its healing properties reach a maximum. The fruits of the plant ripen from May to June.

It breeds adonis spring hard enough. He needs mushroom threads (mycorrhiza), which are in symbiosis with the rhizome of the plant. In addition, the seeds of adonis sprout only ten to twelve years after the crop was sown. The plant will reach its final maturity only having existed for forty or even fifty years.

The geography of the distribution of spring adonis - Ukraine, Belarus, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, some areas of Central Asia.

Currently, this plant is among the endangered species listed in the "Red Book".

Collection rules

For medicinal purposes, the grass of Adonis spring is used - the upper part of the plant, including leaves, stems, flowers and immature fruits. It is best to collect it during the flowering period - such raw materials are considered the highest quality.

The plant should be carefully cut, leaving the lower part of the stem and a few leaves on it. Pulling it together with the root is prohibited.

The collected grass is dried in the oven or in dry weather in the fresh air in a shady place. As a result, the stems should break easily. After that, the workpiece is scattered in cardboard boxes or cloth bags.

Dried adonis grass is stored in a dark cool place for no more than three years.

Adonis spring: useful properties

The unique healing properties of adonis make it possible to use it for the treatment of a number of diseases of different nature and origin.

Due to the large number of glycosides, which contains the adonis spring, its use is extremely effective in cardiology. It is indicated for rheumatism, some cases of neurocirculatory dystonia, chronic heart failure and coronary artery disease.

Often, adonis is used to get rid of nervous disorders: sleep disorders, hyper-arousal, astheno-neurotic syndrome.

Drugs Adonis spring help with liver disease, have a significant diuretic effect.

It is also used in cases of cocaine overdose, in the event of camphor or picrotoxin seizures.

It treats the grass of Adonis of Spring and Bazedovu disease. In addition, it is prescribed for glaucoma to relieve an acute attack.

Contraindications

It should be borne in mind that adonis spring - potent poisonous plant. An overdose of his drugs is fraught with very serious consequences, can cause cardiac arrest and even coma.

Under no circumstances should such categories of persons be used as adonis:

  • Pregnant women (to avoid miscarriage).
  • Mothers during breastfeeding, as the poison of adonis can penetrate their milk.
  • Children under the age of twelve.
  • People with ulcers of the intestines, stomach, or those who suffer from enterocolitis.
  • Patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, experiencing ventricular arrhythmias, as well as people with impaired conduction inside the heart.

Preparations of spring adonis

In official medicine, adonizid is widely known. This is an aqueous solution of cardiac glycosides, included in the chemical composition of the plant adonis spring. The description of the drug characterizes it as a cardiotonic agent that reduces the number of contractions of the heart muscle. It is a clear liquid with a slightly yellowish color. Adults are usually prescribed twenty to forty drops, which should be taken 2-3 times during the day. Per day you can not use more than 120 drops of this tool.

Dry extract of adonis is a brown-yellow powder that can easily absorb water. Many tablets are made on its basis. An example would be Adonis Brom, which additionally contains potassium bromide. It is usually prescribed for the treatment of neuroses of the heart, as well as for chronic insufficiency of this organ.

Dry extract of this plant is present as part of Bechterew tablets.

In addition, crushed dried grass Adonis spring (in Latin - Herba Adonisvernalis) can be purchased at the pharmacy as prescribed by a doctor.

Use in traditional medicine

Water tincture of adonis at home is prepared as follows. Half a spoon (table) of dry collection should be poured with a glass (200 g) of boiling water and insisted on a bath for about five minutes. To sustain a grass half an hour, then to filter. Adults can take half a tablespoon of the mouth no more than five times a day. The infusion should be stored in the refrigerator and not more than three days from the moment of brewing.

Often also used alcohol tincture Adonis spring. For its preparation, dry cut grass is poured into a glass jar and poured with a forty-degree strength alcoholic drink so that it is higher than the collection level by about an centimeter. Insist means, as a rule, twenty one days. It is advised to drink twenty five to thirty drops at one time three or five times a day.

Spring adonis is often included in the complex fees. So, for heart diseases, it is recommended to mix adonis, melissa, horsetail, motherwort, watch leaves, birch and Slyti, inflorescences of calendula and clover, as well as mistletoe (white) leaves in equal amounts. Twelve grams of such a collection poured into a thermos, pour a third liter of boiling water, insist three hours and filter. The resulting drink should be divided into four equal portions and drink them per day.

As a diuretic, it is advised to thoroughly crush in an iron mortar 3 parts of parsley, juniper fruits, 1 part of adonis, cumin, fennel, and elderberry flowers. Pour one spoonful of powder with a glass of water and wait six hours, then boil the infusion and keep on fire for about fifteen minutes. Next, filter the broth, divided into three parts and take them evenly throughout the day after meals.

Other types of adonis

For medical purposes, applied primarily grass, adonis spring. The pharmacopoeia contains a record of it as an official drug.

However, it is also possible to prepare some species similar to Adonis in springtime. For therapeutic purposes suitable varieties of adonis, such as:

  • Turkestan, growing in the mountains of Central Asia.
  • Amur, found in the Far East
  • Golden, whose birthplace is the Pamirs and Tien Shan.

Often the Adonis spring is taken by the Volzhsky adonis, which has smaller pale yellow flowers and a relatively low stem (up to fifteen centimeters). It is believed that the latter does not represent medicinal value, and it does not make sense to harvest it.

Adonis Description

Spring adonis (adonis versalis) can be attributed to the herbaceous perennials of the buttercup family, the medicinal properties of which are known from the XVII century.

It includes about 20-45 species of plants that are found in many regions of Europe and Asia.

To date flower is on the verge of extinction, but not listed in the Red Book.

In appearance, it is a relatively low plant (about 60 cm in height), with a wide, powerful root (about 4 cm in diameter). Stem erect, leaves over the entire length are absent. The leaves are located at the roots, they are superimposed one on one, forming a kind of scales. The flowers at Adonis are at the top of the stem, rather large, bright yellow. Petals are long, oblong, have a glossy shine.

Adonis prefers to grow on plains, in forests and foothills. Most often the flower can be found in Russia, the Crimea, in some regions of Siberia, in southern and central Europe. Blooms profusely, begins in spring. The plant bears fruit, fruits in the form of a small hook.

Adonis Spring has several other names. In the people, this plant is called yellow blossom, Montenegrin or Starodobkoy.

The healing properties of adonis

On the basis of the extract of the adonis plant, many medicines are currently produced. The healing properties of adonis are widely used in pharmaceuticals; preparations with plant extract are used as:

  • vasodilators
  • diuretics,
  • stabilizing heart rhythm means
  • soothing
  • anticonvulsants,
  • cardiotonic,
  • painkillers.

Indications for use

Adonis spring is recommended to be taken with great care and caution. As with all plants with medicinal properties, adonis have contraindications for use. Spring adonis is used to treat:

  • heart disease
  • shortness of breath caused by a heart rhythm disorder,
  • kidney disease (stones, dropsy),
  • glaucoma
  • jaundice
  • myositis
  • vascular dystonia,
  • insomnia,
  • convulsions (including drug "breaking"),
  • flu, scarlet fever, pneumonia,
  • diseases of the joints and muscles.

Adonis herb has the most important functioning substances, the so-called cardiac glycosides. They have a wide range of effects on diseases of the cardiovascular system. Preparations based on the herb Adonis significantly strengthen the heart vessels, slow the heart rate during arrhythmias and increase the tone of the heart muscle.

Spring adonis in folk medicine

Alternative medicine offers a variety of recipes based on the healing spring scent. Before cooking decoctions and tinctures, the grass must be properly collected and dried. Medicinal adonis can not be uprooted, the plant is on the verge of extinction. In the recipes of traditional medicine used above-ground parts of the plant, they are cut with a sickle. The collected grass needs to be dried correctly, for this purpose the special furnace is used.

On hot days, medicinal adonis can be dried in a well-ventilated room.

Before use, grass should be checked for readiness. The grass is ready for infusions and decoctions only if the broad stems of the plant break easily.

The plant is stored no more than 12 months. The next year, the grass will have to be harvested by a new one.

Adonis Recipes

On the basis of the grass today is preparing a special infusion. They are treated for diseases of the cardiovascular system, kidney disease, eliminate puffiness. For the preparation of the infusion is recommended: 15 g of dried adonis poured 250 ml of boiled water. Infusion must be allowed to infuse for at least 25 minutes. During the time the tincture is, the broth will have time to cool down a bit. Strain the prepared tincture, take orally 10 ml before meals 3 times a day.

From insomnia will help specially prepared infusion adonis on alcohol. Thoroughly dried grass Adonis pre-chop. Ready material to fill with alcohol-containing liquid, at the rate of 1:10 (15 g of grass is filled with 150 ml of vodka or diluted alcohol). It is recommended to remove the tincture in a dark, cool place for 15 days. Alcohol tincture is used as a "sleepy" means, to use more than 20 drops at a time is not recommended.

To soothe the shaky nervous system, it is recommended to prepare herbal collection. The dried parts of Hypericum, clover, wormwood, adonis, nettle, oregano, birch, celandine, strawberries, chamomile flowers, fireweed, oats and straw are mixed in equal proportions. The resulting raw materials need to pour 500 ml of boiling water. Cover the broth with a lid, remove for 3-3.5 hours in a dark place. Cooled decoction is recommended to be decanted and ingested no more than 4 times a day.

Acaducus in Pharmacy

On the basis of the healing parts of the plant, pharmaceutical companies have established the production of medicines. Today the most popular medicines from adonis are:

  • Adonis Brom (tablets).
  • Adonizid (drops).
  • medicine Bekhtereva.

Adonis Brom is commonly referred to as sedatives.. It is prescribed for diseases of the cardiovascular and nervous systems. The drug normalizes the outflow of blood in the body, removes toxins from the body and helps relieve swelling. The drug is available in tablet form. The daily rate of medication for an adult is 3-5 tablets. The course of treatment should not exceed 10 days.

Adonisite is available in droplets.. Used medication for heart failure and vegetative-vascular neurosis. Adonizid is taken orally, an adult 20-30 drops 3 times a day, half an hour before meals. The daily rate of drops should not exceed 120.

Bechterew Mixture composed of several herbs. The medicine is recommended to be used for neurosis, insomnia, hysteria, vascular dystonia. It has a slight anesthetic effect. In the daytime, the patient is prescribed 1 teaspoon of the medicine 2 times a day. For insomnia, the dose can be doubled.

Plant description

Adonis - This is a perennial plant of the buttercup family, herbaceous, wild-growing, about 50 centimeters high. Rhizome short, yellow. Adonis has several erect stems, densely covered with leaves, with sprigs pressed to it. The leaves along the contour are broadly loop-like, finger-dissected, narrow segmented, linear, with a solid edge. Flowers solitary, with the number of petals from 10 to 20, bright yellow. The fruit is multi-tapping. In addition to the spring adonis, Adonis is a Turkestan, equivalent in biological action to spring, Amursky's adonis - with greater biological activity, Golden Adonis - the raw material of this species is the root with rhizome. It blooms from April to May.

Adonis grows in the steppes among raznotravya, on forest edges in the forest-steppes of Ukraine, it is found in the Crimea, central Russia, in the Caucasus, in Western Siberia.

Harvest adonis spring

Adonis grass harvested from the beginning of flowering and until the period of shedding of seeds, using when cutting with a knife or sickle. If the grass is torn off with your hands, you can tear out the plant along with the root or damage it, while the rhizome dries out and the plant dies. Be sure to leave when collecting part of the plants to update the thickets. Adonis is a difficult-to-cultivate plant, therefore it is necessary to treat it carefully when preparing medicinal raw materials. The frequency of harvesting on one site is 3-4 years, if you do not comply with these terms, you can completely destroy the Adonis thickets.

Drying grass should occur quickly at a temperature of 50-60 degrees or slowly at a temperature of 20 degrees. The temperature depends on which cardiac glycosides need to be extracted from the raw material in the future. 1 gram of properly harvested grass contains 50-60 ICE (units of action of the biologically active substance). Since the plant is poisonous, storage of raw materials is carried out according to list B.

Chemical composition

Adonis grass contains 0.7% of cardiac glycosides: adonitoxin, K-strophanthin-b, cymarin, and other cardiac glycosides. In addition, flavonoids and saponins were found, coumarins in the rhizome. Adonis glycosides are similar in action to digitalis and strophanthus glycosides, but have less activity and are not cumulated in the human body.

Useful properties of adonis

Preparations from medicinal raw materials of adonis due to its chemical composition have a positive effect on the following systems of the body:

- cardiovascular system - they are used in the treatment of coronary heart disease, drugs increase the contractile function of the heart muscle, affect the heart rate,

- central nervous system - have a calming effect,

- digestive system — используются в сборах при нарушении пищеварительной функции, сопровождающемся рвотой, при энтероколитах.

Также горицвет обладает мочегонным и противоопухолевым действиями.

Выращивание адониса весеннего

Адонис весенний культивируется в Европе, существуют садовые формы этого растения. Adonis can be propagated by seed or division of rhizomes, but both methods are very complex, since adonis is very sensitive to changes in soil quality, grows slowly and responds to any changes. It is best to transplant plants with a clod of earth, so as not to disturb the roots. Adonis seeds have low germination, some of them germinate one year after sowing.

Interesting Facts

The beautiful Greek myth about the love of the goddess Aphrodite and the mortal man - Adonis, the son of the king of Cyprus, is associated with Adonis. Together they hunted, spent a lot of time, Aphrodite sometimes forgot about her divine origin. Once during another hunt, a huge wild boar mortally wounded Adonis. Aphrodite mourned her beloved for a long time and, in memory of him, raised flowers from her blood drops. Zeus regretted Aphrodite and, on his orders, Hades every year began to release Adonis from the realm of the dead for a while so that lovers could meet. And when Adonis comes to the earth with the rays of the spring sun, the beautiful flower named after him also blossoms.

What is adonis, description, photo

Starodoubka, the adonis spring of the buttercup family, got its scientific name from a mythological young man named Adonis, who was transformed posthumously by the goddess Aphrodite into one of the most beautiful colors of the planet. Aphrodite's beloved on the hunt killed a huge boar, the goddess could not survive the fact that he did not heed her warnings and went into the woods without her, in the place of the death of a handsome young man flowers (blooming) bloomed in color.

There is an alternative version of the origin of the name of this flower, as if it comes from the Phoenician sun god Adon, who is resurrecting every spring.

With the onset of spring, somewhere in early April, in the steppe, among the meadows, on the slopes of the hills begins to bloom amazing, beauty and healing properties - adonis spring adonis (see photo of the flower), which occupies a prominent place in the ancient health recipes of the Slavs.

The perennial medicinal plant Adonis vernalis grows up to 50-60 cm high, the root of which does not die off, but gives each year new shoots, the flowers are yellow, the leaves are similar in shape to dill.

All parts of the plant are poisonous, so when applying it is extremely important to respect the dosages.

According to the nature of the medicinal effect, the spring adonis glycosides are similar to the cardiac glycosides of digitalis, but in comparison with them they do not accumulate in the body, they are also less active and do not produce such a long-lasting effect.

Harvesting, how and where does Adonis grass grow

Preparation of raw materials is carried out with Adonis flowering phase before seeds appear (June). Cut off the top of the stem. Cut grass is placed on the canvas. Dried in attics, in the dryer. The best preservation of adonis glycosides is quick drying. The color of the dried raw material is green and the color of adonis flowers is yellow. Stored for 1 year without loss of healing qualities.

As a pharmacy raw material, adonis is grown in the North Caucasus, the Urals, in the Volga region, Bashkiria, the Novosibirsk and Kemerovo regions, and was previously actively grown in the Republic of Belarus and Ukraine.

In the wild form it is found in nature in the Crimea, Western Siberia, but less and less, the Red Book speaks of Adonis as a disappearing form. In Europe - Germany, Switzerland, it is almost impossible to meet.

The extinction is caused by the barbaric way of collecting plants, since the adonis reproduces mainly by rhizomes, pulling out the grass from the root, naturally, leads to the destruction of the species. In principle, seed reproduction is still possible, but seed germination is rather low (usually less than 30%), and it takes at least 4 years from the appearance of capricious shoots to the accumulation of useful therapeutic properties in the grass of adonis.

If the Adonis plant has taken root normally on your site, it will delight you for many years (the adonis from the family of long-livers can live and develop 100-150 years under favorable conditions).

Healing properties of adonis spring

  • improving blood circulation
  • vasodilating properties
  • there are immunostimulating properties applicable to recovery from infectious diseases,
  • regulates heartbeats,
  • reduces convulsive manifestations, helps relieve anxiety in psychosis,
  • diuretic action,
  • contributes to the oppression of the cough center,
  • analgesic effect.

The use of spring adonis in folk medicine

The presence in the composition of adonis cardiac glycosides determines its therapeutic effect. The plant contains: cardiac glycosides, saponins, coumarins, alcohols, ascorbic and other acids, salts of magnesium, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, tannins.

  • Adonis is used in chronic circulatory failure, heart rhythm disturbances, coronary heart disease, hypertension, swelling of the legs, neurocirculatory and vegetative-vascular dystonia, functional disorders of the central nervous system (irritability, increased excitability, sleep disorders), alcohol and narcotic arousal, astheno-neurotic syndrome, epilepsy, neurosis and psychosis.
  • As a result of the use of adonis drugs, there is a decrease in shortness of breath, the disappearance of interruptions in the work of the heart, a decrease in swelling of the legs associated with heart failure. Arterial pressure is normalized, headache and dizziness are reduced.
  • Adonis spring grass, as a folk remedy, has long been used in the treatment of renal diseases with symptoms of cardiovascular insufficiency. Effective adonis, as a diuretic in renal infections, urolithiasis.
  • The oppression of cough cent provides room for the use of adonis in the treatment of prolonged paroxysmal cough with whooping cough, pneumonia, exacerbation of chronic bronchitis.
  • Helps with pain in joints, muscles, rheumatic manifestations.
  • A very pronounced effective therapeutic effect is obtained by the joint admission of adonis with other plants containing cardiac glycosides - for example, with lily of the valley.
  • Reduces the toxic effect of hyperthyroidism on the heart muscle, for this purpose they take adonis herb in collection with budra, peppermint, oregano, violet, dried herbs, calendula flowers and chamomile, all herbs fight an equal amount, and cold water is three times more, day insist, bring before boiling, immediately turn off, cool, use 100 ml three times a day after meals.
  • It is used for glaucoma, hepatitis.

Adonis herb is used in the recipes of traditional medicine in the form of infusion and drops in alcohol.

Folk recipes cooking Adonis decoction, alcohol tinctures, tea, infusion

  • Adonis decoction

Crushed raw materials - 1 tbsp. put in an enamel saucepan, pour water - liters, cover it with a lid. Boil a quarter of an hour on a small fire. Half an hour insist. Strain through. Admission - one tablespoon from 3 to 6 times a day, regardless of the meal. The duration of admission from 0.5 months to 2 - 6 months.

  • Adonis drops on alcohol, tincture

In the dried grass -100 g pour 1 liter of vodka, put in the darkest place, subject to room temperature for 20 days. Reception adonis tincture - from 5 to 10 drops - two, three times during the day. The maximum possible use as a hypnotic at a dosage of 15-20 drops at night.

Used as a sedative, with neurosis, asthenic syndrome, insomnia.

  • Tea with adonis

To normalize immunity in fever, severe infectious diseases - scarlet fever, measles, typhoid, influenza, pneumonia, heart function, use the following composition of tea: 1 tablespoon of Adonis is poured 400 ml of water. Give brew and drink 1 tablespoon per hour.

  • Adonis Herb Infusion From cough

A teaspoon of dry medicinal herb Adonis spring is taken in half a cup of boiling water. Insist a couple of hours, strain, drink a tablespoon 4 times a day.

The use of adonis spring in official medicine

In traditional medicine adonis extract enters into pills and Bechterew's medicine (sedative), alcohol tincture, is the basis for the pharmacological cardiotonics of Adonizid, Adonis-Brom pills, Cardiovalen, some homeopathic preparations.

Bechterew's mixture is applied twice a day in a tablespoon. A single dose to an adult does not exceed 40 drops. Adonizid is taken 2-3 times a day for 30 drops, children twice a day for as many drops as the child’s age (for example, a five-year-old is 5 drops).

Adonis is often included in the composition of medicinal fees for kidney disease in combination with birch buds, bearberry, horsetail. In the treatment of hypertension and frequent crises, a collection is recommended, which includes, in addition to Adonis, hawthorn flowers, motherwort, dried eggs, again horsetail, and birch leaves. Used in the complex treatment of hepatitis.

Botanical description

Spring Adonis grows on the outskirts and edges of deciduous forests, groves, meadows, open meadows, hills, mountain slopes and pastures. Propagated by seeds and rhizomes. Rhizomes are planted in moist soil in autumn or early spring. Freshly harvested mature seeds are sown in summer (June — July), sinking them 1.5–2 cm deep into the soil.

The rhizome of Adonis spring dark brown color, vertical, shortened, thick (up to 4 cm in diameter), with a large number of cord-shaped roots.

Plant stems are erect, rounded in cross-sectional shape. At the base they are bare, covered with rare lower leaves in the form of membranous flakes of brown color. At the beginning of Adonis flowering, the height of all the stems does not exceed 20 cm, then gradually the central stem is extended and branched, and the branches exceed the central stem in length. During the fruiting period, the plant reaches a maximum height of 40 - 50 cm.

The leaves, located at the bottom of the stem, have scapes, and closer to the top - sessile. The lamina is broadly ovoid in shape, finger-divided into narrow linear, entire, pointed at the apex of a lobe 1–2 cm long and not more than 1 mm wide.

Adonis blooms in April, May. Flowers 4 to 6 cm in diameter, saturated yellow, single, arranged one at a time on the top of the stem and branches. Calyx 5 - 8-sheet, green, pubescent with short hairs. Sepals have a broadly ovoid shape with a length of 1 - 2 cm, blunted in the upper part. The corolla consists of 12 to 20 free petals of oblong obovate form, the length of the petal is 3 cm on average. Each flower contains a large number of stamens and pistils arranged spirally on a conical receptacle.

Fruits are polygambs 2 cm long, 1.2 cm wide. Ripen in June-July, consist of 30 - 40 seedlings of gray-green color with a short hook-shaped spout.

Interesting: There are several opinions about the origin of the name adonis. According to one of them, the flower received such a name from the name of the beautiful Greek youth Adonis, with whom Aphrodite was in love. According to another version, the plant was named in honor of the young Phoenician god Adon, personifying the annual dying and revitalization of nature.

Preparation of raw materials

As a medicinal raw material harvested spring adonis herb. It is cut with a sickle just above the basal scale-like leaves at a distance of about 10 cm from the level of the soil, trying not to cause harm to the root system. The collection is carried out in the period from the end of flowering to the beginning of the fall of the fruit. Considering that the adonis from seeds grows very slowly and it takes years to get full-aged plants suitable for harvesting, in the same places it can be harvested at intervals of 4 to 5 years.

Drying collected adonis spring grass is carried out in dryers at a temperature of about 50 ° C or in the shade under a canopy in the air, since finding the raw material in direct sunlight can lead to a decrease in its biological activity. Raw materials are considered to be completely dried when the thick stems of a plant break easily.

It is possible to store dried grass for not more than 3 years in a well-ventilated dry room in small bags or cardboard boxes in a dark place, away from other herbs.

Warning: When harvesting raw materials, it is necessary to leave part of the plants intact, it is strictly forbidden to uproot them. As a result of improper collection, the plant is on the verge of extinction. On the territory of Russia, spring adonis is listed in the Red Book.

Application Methods

In folk medicine, decoctions, tinctures and spirit tinctures for internal use are prepared from adonis. For therapeutic purposes, the preparation of adonis spring grass according to the description given above can be made independently or you can buy ready-made raw materials at the pharmacy.

Alcohol tincture for violations of the heart

Finely chopped adonis grass is poured into the half-liter jar to the top, poured with ethanol with an ethanol concentration of 56% and covered with a lid. The resulting mixture is infused in a warm dark place for 12 days, stirring daily. Eat 8 drops an hour before meals three times a day. The product is suitable for long-term use.

Broth with irregular heartbeat

250 ml of water are poured into a small saucepan and put on a low heat. At the time of boiling, pour 4 g of adonis grass and boil for no more than three minutes, then cover the pan with a lid and take it to a warm place for 20 minutes to insist. Then filter and take 15 ml three times a day for several days.

Caution measures

Funds from adonis spring are contraindicated in the case of:

  • lactation and pregnancy (can trigger miscarriage),
  • gastritis, enterocolitis, peptic ulcer,
  • intracardiac blockade
  • hypertension,
  • ventricular arrhythmias,
  • propensity to thrombosis,
  • hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

With an accidental overdose of medical products based on adonis, nausea, vomiting, general weakness, drowsiness, and heart rhythm disturbances occur. The appearance of these symptoms requires medical care. In case of poisoning with adonis preparations, gastric lavage is performed, enterosorbents and laxatives are taken, bed rest is observed.

Important: Adonis spring refers to poisonous and potent medicinal plants, therefore, folk remedies and medicines from it should be taken only as prescribed by a doctor.

Video - features of growth and properties of spring adonis:

Adonis poisoning

Spring adonis - a plant unsafe, it belongs to poisonous potent herbs. It must be applied correctly, otherwise serious poisoning may develop.

If an overdose occurred, then the following measures should be taken to help the patient:

Wash the stomach with Carbolenum,

Take a laxative based on magnesia for relaxing the stool,

Stick to bed rest,

Apply an oxygen pad.

Drugs that stimulate vomiting can not be used.

Recipes with adonis

Infusion. Take a tablespoon of herbs, pour a glass of boiling water and stand for 3-4 hours. Take a tablespoon three times a day.

If prolonged therapy is required, then you can take 2 tablespoons of adonis per 0.2 l of boiling water. After the infused grass is infused, the resulting remedy should be drunk per day, in small portions.

For the treatment of neurosis, the following recipe is effective: 1 part adonis, 3 parts nettle, two parts valerian, 4 parts lemon balm mix, take a tablespoon of a mixture of herbs and pour 0.2 liters of boiling water. Exposure time - 10 minutes, method of use - 2 times a day in the amount of 50 ml at a time.

For the treatment of edema: adonis + birch buds + bearberry + field horsetail. All components are taken in the size of a tablespoon, mixed and poured boiling water. After this, the brew is placed in the oven at a low temperature and held there for 120 minutes, then for 5 minutes the product is boiled over low heat. You need to consume a tablespoon every hour. Recommendations for the duration of therapy: avoiding salt intake, proper rest, bathing every 2 days. Through the use of this tool will be able to reduce swelling, improve health, increase the volume of fluid separated.

The following recipe is suitable for getting rid of stones in the urinary tract: two pieces of parsley, one part of adonis and a shepherd's bag, one and a half parts of juniper, dandelion, omentum (roots), and bearberry (leaves). All components are mixed, for one tablespoon of the mixture will take 200 ml of boiling water, which is poured and put on a steam bath for 30 minutes. Method of application - 2-3 times a day in a volume of 100 ml.

To get rid of sore throat: pour a handful of seeds of adonis with 0.2 liters of boiling water and boil for 15 minutes. After cooling, add a glass of linden honey, bring to a boil again and cool, then add another 25 ml of brandy. Method of application - once a half hour in the amount of one tablespoon.

For intestinal pain: prepare a mixture of one part of fennel (seeds) and adonis (herbs), add two parts of mint and three parts of chamomile with three parts of buckthorn bark. Method of application - inside, three times a day after meals.

To get rid of constipation: 5 parts of buckthorn bark, 1 part of adonis (seeds) and 2 parts of fennel (fruits) with 2 parts of elderberry (flowers). Заварить 1 столовую ложку 0,2 л кипятка и употреблять по 0,2 л после приема пищи.

Для снятия бронхоспазма у ребенка: череда, ромашка, чабрец, фиалка и семена адониса пропорции – 5:2:2:1:1. Компоненты перемешать, взять столовую ложку сбора и залить 0,2 л кипятка. Время настаивания – 20 минут. Затем настой процедить, добавить в него сахар и принимать перед сном, а также в перерывах между едой. Настой нельзя хранить.

In addition, the dosage for the child must be strictly observed, since it is possible to provoke severe poisoning, below are the daily doses of adonis:

Children younger than 6 months - 0.03g,

Children after two years - 0.1 g,

10-14 years old - 0.3-0.5 g.

When treating bronchial asthma, the following prescription is used: in the same proportions, adonis grass, violet, deviasil (root), thyme (grass), and a mother and stepmother should be taken. Place the mixture in a thermos (2 tbsp. Spoons), pour boiling water in a volume of 500 ml, hold for an hour. You need to take 100 ml 3 times a day on an empty stomach. Pre-infusion should be heated.

For the treatment of myositis, adonis herb in the size of a tablespoon is poured boiling water (0.2 l) and insist on an hour. If you are concerned about muscle and joint pain, then the infusion should be taken with a tablespoon three times a day.

From the stones in the gallbladder, the following recipe fits: in equal proportion, you need to take the leaves of the white acacia and the grass of adonis, add to them the agrimony and the soap in two parts. The components are mixed, after which a tablespoon of the mixture is brewed with 500 ml of boiling water and kept on low heat for 30 minutes. Take before eating 70 ml 3 times a day.

With an exhausting cough, brew a teaspoon of adonis with 0.1 ml of boiling water and keep the infusion for 90 minutes. Then it is filtered and taken in a tablespoon 3 times a day.

If a person has seizures, then a tablespoon of grass should be filled with 0.3 l of boiling water and left for at least 2 hours. After straining, you can take a tablespoon 3 times a day. Storage infusion is not subject.

For insomnia, chop the herbs of the grass, add 1 to 10 of vodka and put them in a dark place for 14 days. Take three times a day for 20 drops.

Adonis “Adonis Bromine”

The drug is available in tablets and is prescribed for nervous tension, to enhance blood flow. The main active ingredient is spring adonis in the form of an extract, as well as potassium bromide. Thanks to taking the drug Adonis bromine, it is possible to achieve a slight diuretic effect, normalize the work of the heart, affect the functioning of the vagus nerve.

Neurosis of various origins.

Take the drug should be 1 tablet three times a day.

Diarrhea, lack of appetite, migraines, sleep disturbances, depressive disorders (overdose),

Cardiac arrest, violation of its rhythms (when taking large doses),

With symptoms that indicate poisoning of the body, you should stop taking the drug and enter potassium preparations and means to normalize the work of the heart. It is worth remembering that the active ingredients of the drug can accumulate in the body.

Contraindications to receive:

Article author: Kuzmina Vera Valerievna | Dietician, endocrinologist

Education: Diploma RSMU them. N. I. Pirogov, specialty "General Medicine" (2004). Residency at the Moscow State University of Medicine and Dentistry, diploma in "Endocrinology" (2006).

Adonis flower

The spring flower Adonis (adonis vernalis - Latin name) is a grassy representative of the genus of the buttercup family, includes 20-45 species of many-and-one-year-olds. Grows in Asia, Europe. An annual medicinal plant: Adonis is summer - it blooms in summer, it is found in southern Russia, Central Asia and Western Europe, autumnal mohenatic is common in the Mediterranean, it blooms in summer. Adonis perennial: Volga, Amur, spring, Siberian. The plant is in danger of extinction, it is not listed in the Red Book, it is included in the CITES Annex.

Spring Adonis - description

Spring plant Adonis - a perennial medicinal flower:

  • Height reaches 60 cm.
  • It has a wide rhizome with a diameter of 4 cm.
  • The stem of a plant without leaves, they are located at the very bottom, have the appearance of small scales.
  • The flowers are bright yellow color, you can see in the photo, are located on top of the branch. The size is large, diameter is up to 6 cm.
  • The flower blooms in Russia, Crimea, Siberia, Young and Middle Europe. Occurs in the forest, mountain slopes, flat areas. Adonis blooms in spring.
  • Fruits: leaflets with a hook-shaped spout.
  • Folk names of the plant: Montenegrin, yellow, old-hat.

Adonis - medicinal properties and contraindications

Preparations based on the herb Adonis have beneficial properties for the body:

  • vasodilator
  • diuretic - removes excess fluid, is effective in diseases of the kidneys,
  • stabilize the heart rate
  • normalize sleep and act as a sedative, especially on the nervous system,
  • anticonvulsant,
  • cardiotonic,
  • pain reliever.

Medicinal properties and contraindications of Adonis spring are associated with medicinal components that are included in its composition. For a long time, the plant has been used as a remedy for the treatment of kidney and heart diseases (neurosis, chronic insufficiency). For example, a rabbit poppy, while applying it with bromine, can be treated for epilepsy. Indications for the use of medicinal herbs kupavnik following:

  • heart disease, especially with regard to the stage of decompensation,
  • shortness of breath associated with cardiac arrhythmias,
  • kidney disease and inflammation (dropsy, kidney stones),
  • glaucoma,
  • jaundice,
  • myositis
  • fever,
  • vascular dystonia,
  • insomnia,
  • convulsions caused by taking camphor and pyrotoxin. Adonis saves in convulsions caused by overdose of narcotic drugs,
  • enhances the body's resistance to infectious diseases, influenza, pneumonia, scarlet fever,
  • painkiller, prescribed for diseases of the muscles or joints.

The most important functioning substances of the plant are cardiac glycosides, they have a positive property in the treatment of diseases of the cardiovascular system. Able to increase the stroke volume of the heart, slow the heart rhythm. Medications derived from Adonis, due to their properties, are used for heart failure, neurosis of the heart. Adonis is very poisonous, must adhere to the rules of admission.

In case of overdose, call a doctor, do a gastric lavage, take activated charcoal. It is prescribed to observe bed rest, a sparing diet, but it is not recommended to take emetic preparations. Adonis-based drugs cannot be used if a person has:

  • pregnancy, lactation,
  • peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer,
  • colitis (acute and chronic forms of disease),
  • hypertensive diseases,
  • increased blood clotting,
  • tachycardia, bradycardia,
  • propensity to form blood clots.

Adonis grass - application

Adonis spring approved for use in medicine, recognized as a drug. The use of Adonis spring should be strictly according to the instructions, otherwise a strong poisoning is likely. Before using the herb, consult a doctor. For children (only older than 3 years) is recommended reception 1-2 hours l. The dose depends on the age, condition of the child.

Infusion of Adonis Herb

Adonis treatment is popular in traditional medicine. Tincture made from Adonis, recommended for heart disease, dropsy, kidney inflammation, swelling, infectious diseases (scarlet fever, typhoid, influenza). Infusion Adonis is prepared as follows: 1 tbsp. l herbs should be poured 1 tbsp. boiling water, insist 30 minutes., strain. Allow to cool, take medicinal decoction 3 times a day for 1 tsp.

Adonis-bromine - tablets

Spring adornment herb is used to create medications:

  • Adonis-bromine tablets - active ingredient extract of adonis and potassium bromide. Admission creates a diuretic effect, normalizes the heart,
  • Adonizid drops - for adults, 20-30 drops 2-3 times a day, for children - by the number of years. The entire dosage is described in the instructions,
  • pills Bechterew.