Home plants with bright, beautiful flowers - the pride of any grower. One of these impressive and spectacular specimens is considered to be the Hippeastrum flower. Care at home behind him is not complicated at all, and all the work is more than paid off by an unusually beautiful flowering. The huge variety of species and the rather simple breeding process make this plant a frequent visitor to the collections of gardeners.
Home plant gippeastrum refers to bulbous flowering. His homeland - the tropical part of South America, mainly the Amazon. From this region, bright “gramophones” on long stems spread throughout all subtropical and tropical regions. The number of varieties known to date reaches 90, and the number of hybrid varieties has long exceeded 600.
The bulb of hippeastrum with proper care lives for many years and regularly produces flower stalks - long stems, on which several large, up to 14 cm in diameter, buds appear. Some bulbs can produce and 2 flower stalks per season, but for this they must be large and leafy enough. Arrows with future buds are laid in every fourth flake, therefore, for flowering it is necessary that the plant produces at least 4 leaves.
Hippeastrum bloom in the period from January to April. At first, the bulb quickly throws out the arrow with a length of up to 1.2 meters. Then large buds appear on it, which bloom for 2-3 weeks.
Baby planted in a small pot, transplanting as it grows. The first peduncle on it will appear no earlier than 3 years.
Tip: In order not to damage the baby, separate it with a confident rotating movement.
Another variant of vegetative propagation is the division of the bulb. To do this, the adult, strong and large in diameter of the onion is cut into equal parts (from 2 to 8) so that each of them has roots. The resulting lobules sprinkled with crushed charcoal in the places of cuts and planted in the prepared substrate. During the season, with the right care, each part will give a new baby.
Work with bulbs should be careful, because their juice is poisonous. Ingestion of small amounts may cause vomiting and diarrhea. It is also better to avoid contact of the bulbs with the skin and mucous membranes.
You can grow hippeastrum from seeds. This method is longer and more laborious, moreover, the variety will most likely not be reproduced due to the fact that most of these plants are hybrids. The advantage of the method is that, if successful, it allows you to get a lot of seedlings at a time. Algorithm actions florist should be:
- Using a brush, transfer the pollen from the stamens of one flowering gippeastrum to the stigma of another. To pollination was successful, it is better to spend it twice, choosing for this sunny days.
- Upon successful fertilization from the mother flower at the end of flowering a fruit will appear - a box with seeds. In a fairly warm climate, at a temperature of at least 22 ° C, the seeds ripen in about 60 days. If the box has dried and started to crack - it's time to start collecting and sowing.
- The substrate for the seeds of hippeastrum consists of turf and leaf soil, sand and humus in a ratio of 1: 2: 2: 1. The soil should be wet, but not too wet.
- Air temperature up to 25 ° C is important for seed germination.
- When the seedlings appear on 2 leaves, they can be transplanted into small pots.
Growing hippeastrum at home does not require much time and effort from the grower. The plant is quite unpretentious, and its important plus is the ability to regulate the flowering time. It is important to separate periods of flowering and dormancy so that the plant develops and pleases with beautiful flowers.
Air temperature and humidity
Temperature, comfortable for a plant, is determined by the period of its growth. For the peduncle pasture and flowering, the air must be heated to 22–25 ° C, and during the rest period, 15–13 ° C is sufficient. High humidity is not required, it is enough to keep it at an average level, occasionally sprinkling the plant.
During the flowering period, the hippeastrum needs a bright light. A western or eastern window is the best option. The south side is good if you can apply it. The northern side is absolutely not suitable.
Hippeastrum watering during flowering need quite often, but not too plentiful. The soil should be wet, not wet, and have time to dry between waterings. Reinforce the watering should be from the moment when the flower spike reaches 10-12 cm in length. During the rest period, watering should stop.
Proper care for gippeastrum provides feeding plants. It should be produced during the growing season with complex mineral fertilizers. It is better if the concentration is small, and the frequency - 2 times a month. You should not use organic fertilizers, because they provoke the development of fungi, which often infect bulbous plants.
The substrate for gippeastrum should be fertile and loose. Suitable garden land with the addition of humus and coarse sand. Good drainage of expanded clay and a pot with a hole - are required.
Planting and transplanting
Properly planted onion half rises above the soil surface. It is not necessary to take a very large pot, otherwise the plant will spend a lot of effort on the development of the root system. Optimally, if from a bulb to the wall of a pot is 1.5-2 cm. Hippeastrum transplantation is performed as needed, usually 1 time in 2-3 years, after the end of the growing season.
Hippeastrum after flowering should go into a dormant period. By this time, the yellowed leaves need to be removed, remove the top dressing and gradually stop watering. The pot with the bulb is transferred to a dark and cool place. As a rule, the rest period lasts from the beginning of autumn to January. After that, the plant is placed on the shade window sill until the peduncle is turned.
Tip: to speed up the release of flower stalk and flowering of hippeastrum, you can arrange stressful conditions for it. To do this, cut off the existing leaves, stop watering and put the pot in a dark place for a month. After that put on a solar window sill and begin plentiful watering with warm water. During the month there is a flower spike.
Possible difficulties in the care
Providing comfortable conditions for the growth, development and flowering of hippeastrum is not so difficult, however there are some problems and pests that growers may encounter.
The leaves and stalks of the plant can be affected by powdery mildew, scab, aphid and spider mite. Their appearance is indicated by plaque and any changes on the surface of the leaves.
In addition, bulbous often affect fungal diseases and rot. To avoid this, it is recommended to control the degree of soil moisture, before planting, treat the bulbs with foundationol, and the soil with fungicidal agents.
Care for gippeastrum at home
Despite the fact that the flower is very fond of light, direct sunlight can damage it. It is believed that he is not very critical of the conditions of room temperature and for him any temperature is optimal, but this is not quite so. For the peduncle to develop normally, the temperature must not be lower. + 20 ° С. As for the substrate, it does not play, in this period, in general, of no importance, since the flower is blooming due to the internal size of the bulb stocked for the previous season. This is a very important factor to consider when breeding this flower. In August-September, the growth of leaves ends and their death begins, and in October-January new flower arrows appear. Leaves that have stopped growing and died should be cut off. Store at this time the plant should be at a temperature of + 10 ° C, in a dry, dark place.
In the midst of winter, and this is December-January, the flower moves to a warm place that does not have a bright light. After the spike grows to 5-10cm, it is installed on a well-lit place.
Hippeastrum can be grown without letting it rest. To do this, the flower is constantly kept in a well-lit place and constantly watered, not overwetting. In such a case, its flowering period may move to October-November or March-May.
In the period of active growth, this plant requires abundant watering, as soon as the earthen room begins to dry. As soon as the plant begins to enter the dormant period, watering is immediately reduced, and after dropping the leaves it stops altogether. So that the roots do not lose their vitality, once a month you can pour water into the pan. At this point, the substrate in the pot should be dry, so as not to provoke the growth of leaves in the dormant period, as this can harm the peduncle. Watering gradually resumes after the flower sprout grows over 5 cm in length.
As soon as gippeastrum ottsvetutsya, you can do it feeding, so that he gained strength for the next flowering season. During the period of energy gain, large leaves begin to actively grow, which form new flower stalks for the next season. After the flower stops blooming, it is better to take it out on the street, up to the month of September. At this time they have a period of peace.
If you plan to not allow the flower to rest, then during the growth period it is necessary to conduct regular fertilizing every 10 days. To do this, you can use complex mineral fertilizers or dilute the mullein in water, in the ratio of 1:10.
After flowering, they are cut so that the bulb does not lose excess energy, after which the bulbs are transplanted into pots with a diameter slightly larger than the diameter of the bulb (about 6 cm). The substrate is prepared from equal parts of turf land, leaf soil, sand, peat and humus. Everything is the same as for amaryllis.
This flower is propagated by means of transplanting children, but as practice shows, reproduction by dividing the bulb is possible, as many growers do. To do this, you need to take a mature and high-quality onion, after which it is cut in such a way that in each part there is a piece of scum and scales left. Places of cuts should be sprinkled with wood or activated carbon. After that, the sliced lobules are planted in a peat mixture. Somewhere in 40-50 days, children will sprout, which are transplanted into pots next spring.
Reproduction is possible with seeds, but this is a very laborious process, which includes the forced pollination of a flower. In this case, the young plant can bloom only for the 2-3rd year. In this case, it is unlikely that the maternal characteristics of the plant will be preserved, which is not entirely acceptable.
Diseases and pests
Diseases like red burn fungus, downy and powdery mildew, red rot can cause serious harm to this beautiful flower. Determine what exactly is sick flower, you can carefully examine its appearance. If the bulb and leaves of the plant are covered with red spots, then this is a fungal infection. If there is a white bloom, it means powdery mildew, and if there are traces of rot on the bulb, then this is the very rot.
In addition to disease, the flower can be attacked: aphid, spider mite, scarlet, shieldweed, from which you can get rid of, treating the plant with insecticides.
Very often the flower does not bloom precisely because it is affected by pests or diseases.
Planting and care for hippeastrum (in short)
- Bloom: Aug. Sept.
- Lighting: bright diffused light (south, south-west or southeast windows).
- Temperature: 17-25 ˚C.
- Watering: at the beginning of the growing season - scanty, with the appearance of a flower stem before the start of flowering - plentiful, but not excessive. It is recommended to use the method of bottom irrigation.
- Air humidity: normal for residential premises.
- Feeding: from the beginning of the growing season - once a fortnight with liquid mineral fertilizers for deciduous plants, and since the appearance of the peduncle - in the same mode, but with solutions of mineral fertilizers for flowering plants.
- Rest period: from October to January.
- Transfer: once in 3-4 years after flowering or before the beginning of the growing season.
- Breeding: seeds, children and division of the bulb.
- Pests: scythes, aphid, spider mites, mealybugs.
- Diseases: peronosporosis, burn fungus, red rot.
Hippeastrum flower - features
Hippeastrum flowers - bulbous perennials. The rounded, sometimes conic bulb of the hippeastrum consists of a short, thick stem and closed scales. The size of the bulbs, depending on the type, ranges from 5 cm to 10 cm in diameter. On the basis (bottom) of the bulb - a bundle of cord roots. The leaves of the hippeastrum are linear, grooved on the surface, keeled below, 50-70 cm long, 4-5 cm wide, arranged in two opposite rows. In some varieties, the leaves may be colored purple, but they are mostly green. An umbellate inflorescence of 2-6 bisexual flowers, 13–15 cm long and up to 25 cm in diameter, is formed on a cylindrical, hollow, leafless peduncle 35–80 cm tall. Flowers, funnel-shaped or tubular, arranged on long petioles, the colors of flowers are very different: dark red, bright red, orange, pink, white, etc. The fruit is a three-leaved capsule, spherical or angular, in which small seeds of hippeastrum ripen. Germination of freshly harvested seeds is almost one hundred percent.
Home gippeastrum has several features that must be considered if you decide to grow it:
- - varieties with light and white flowers form a few full-fledged seeds,
- - In the summertime, Hippeastrum is best kept in the garden, buried in the ground,
- - the timing of the flowering of hippeastrum can be adjusted, timing it to certain dates - this is very convenient, given that the flowering hippeastrum is a wonderful gift that replaces an expensive, refined bouquet,
- - every hippeastrum flower is blooming for only ten days,
- - for forcing it is necessary to use only large onions, in which a large supply of nutrients has been accumulated.
How to care for hippeastrum.
It is necessary to keep a gippeastrum on a well-lit place, preferably on a southern, southeast or southwest sill, shielding the flower from direct sunlight and turning from time to time around the axis so that it remains compact in shape. The temperature during the active growth period is preferably from 17 ºC to 25 ºC. As already mentioned, in the summertime, the hippeastrum feels great in the fresh air, but you have to arrange it in nature so that it does not suffer from waterlogging.
Water the hippeastrum at the beginning of the growing season, it is needed very poorly, gradually increasing watering only from the moment of the appearance of the peduncle - a signal that the plant began a growing season. As the flower arrow grows and before flowering begins, watering should become abundant, but, nevertheless, moderate, so that the ground in the flowerpot should be wet and not wet. It is best to carry out the lower watering or watering from the pallet, gradually adding warm water until it gets wet earthy lump. Avoid getting water on the bulb. After flowering, watering is also gradually reduced to a complete cessation.
When the hippeastrum peduncle reaches 12-15 cm in height, pour the soil with a pale pink solution of potassium permanganate, and after 4-6 days feed the plant with phosphorus fertilizer. In general, the feeding of hippeastrum is carried out at the beginning of the growing season twice a month with liquid mineral fertilizer for deciduous plants, and after the appearance of leaves and for better budding, with fertilizers for flowering plants in the same mode. Make sure that the concentration of minerals is not too strong, otherwise, instead of fertilizing the plant, you will burn its roots.
Do not forget to wash the leaves from dust under a warm shower or to wipe them regularly with a wet sponge.
Hippeastrum is transplanted every three to four years before a dormant period or before leaving it. It is very important to choose the right pot for a flower: the distance from the bulb to the wall of the pot should not be more than 2 cm. The soil should be approximately the same composition: two parts of perlite (or coarse sand), leaf and sod land and one part of humus. Before using the soil must be sterilized. Do not forget about the drainage layer. Planting hippeastrum is carried out by way of transshipment in order to cause as little harm as possible to the plant's root system. The bulb is placed in the ground in such a way that at least one third of it is above the surface.
How to make gippeastrum bloom.
In order for the Hippeastrum to bloom, there are several flower-growing tricks we are willing to share. First, the bulbs can be subjected to a treatment with hot water of 43-45 ºC for three hours before planting. After such a temperature extreme, the plant blooms in three weeks. The second method of exposure: from August, stop watering the plant, move it to a dry dark place and hold it until the end of January, then resume watering. After a month and a half you can enjoy the flowering of hippeastrum. And the third way of persuasion: cut off all the leaves of hippeastrum in July and don’t water it for a month, but with the first watering enter a liquid complex top dressing (in order to avoid a burn, moisten first through the soil, then enter fertilizer). В августе или сентябре ваш гиппеаструм зацветет, как миленький.
Гиппеаструм не цветет – почему?
Sometimes this happens because of a lack of nutrients, because the plant is voracious, and the soil in the pot quite a bit, so it is quickly depleted. For this reason, top dressing should be sufficient and regular, as should watering. And it happens that a plant throws all its strength into pest control, such as a spider mite, a worm, or a shieldweed, and there it’s not time for flowering. Hippeastrum does not bloom even when the soil becomes too wet when the bulb begins to rot.
Hippeastrum after flowering.
As soon as the flowering is over, the plant needs to be prepared for rest, because the quality and timeliness of the next flowering directly depends on how well you prepare the gippeastrum for the rest period. From mid-September, watering stops completely, and after the leaves fall and pruning faded peduncle is planted, the plant is placed in a dark, dry room with a low temperature, where the hippeastrum will stay until the end of January or the beginning of February. Then the pot with the bulb is exposed to a well-lit place, watering and fertilizing is resumed, and the next period of active growth of hippeastrum begins.
Indoor hippeastrum - growing difficulties
The most common problems in growing hippeastrum are red rot, downy mildew and red burn fungus. And, of course, the aforementioned pests - scythe, aphid, scarlet and spider mites, which are destroyed by special insecticides. It is possible to determine what a plant is ill with according to what hippeastrum looks like. If there are red spots on the leaves and bulb, it means that it is a fungal burn, if the white patina is powdery mildew, and if the leaves hang limply, and rot on the scales of the bulb, it is rot and there is. If there are signs of rotten disease, all affected areas should be removed, dried roots should be removed, and the bulb should be dried, and just before planting in a new sterile substrate, pickle the bulb with foundationol. From powdery mildew they are saved with special preparations available on the market. A red burn is eliminated by removing the bulb from the ground and cutting out all the lesions to healthy tissue. Then the wound sprinkled with a mixture of chalk and copper sulfate in accordance with 20: 1 and dried onion for a week, then planted in a fresh substrate, pre-treated with fungicides.
Botanical characteristics and differences from Amaryllis
Amaryllis exists in only one form - Amaryllis belladonna or Amaryllis "Beautiful." Hippeastrum, unlike its close relative, has 80 main species, 2 thousand varieties and over 600 hybrids. Externally similar, these flowers have biological differences, which are presented in the table below.
Table - Botanical characteristics and differences of hippeastrum and amaryllis
Variety of varieties
Breeders managed to bring a huge number of varieties of hippeastrum. They are classified according to the size and shape of the flower. Thus, the plants are divided into nine groups: simple large, medium and small-flowered, three terry groups with similar flower sizes, sibisters, orchid-like and tubular hybrids. Brief descriptions of popular species can be found in the table.
Table - A brief description of popular types of hippeastrum
Hippeastrum is a sun-loving flower, it is desirable to place it in the southeast and southwest windows. It normally carries direct sunlight, but it is better to provide hippeastrum diffused light through transparent tulle. Eight-ten weeks a year the plant spends in a dark place, in the cool (12-14 ° C). This is a period of rest. To gippeastrum woke up, place the pot on a bright window.
The amount of moisture depends on the vegetation stages of the plant. From the beginning of the “hibernation” period, watering is stopped until the leaves completely dry out. Allowed only a small amount of water in the pan to maintain the viability of the bulb and roots. At the time of awakening, the amount of moisture is increased to moderate (it is watered no more than twice a month). With the development of the peduncle, it is necessary to water the hippeastrum systematically and take into account the following features of the procedure:
- use only warm water
- do not overwet the soil
- make sure that the earthen room between waterings has time to dry,
- Do not allow water to enter the bulb.
Hippeastrum, although it grows in the tropics, is a lover of dry matter. He doesn’t need spraying and irrigation, as stagon sporosis quickly spreads at high air humidity. This is one of the most dangerous diseases for indoor hippeastrum. At the same time, it is recommended to wipe its juicy, fleshy leaves from dust with a moistened cotton pad.
For efficient cultivation, we need light and loose soils with high air and moisture permeability. The following earthen substrate is ideal: in equal proportions peat, river sand and drainage or deciduous land. A simple solution is to purchase storefloor for begonias. After two or three years, the soil is desirable to completely update.
Top dressing is very important because the bulb accumulates vitality for future flowering. Hippeastrum is fertilized every ten days (except for the rest period). Potash fertilizers are used, the composition of which depends on the stage of plant life:
- the beginning of the growing season - nitrogen-potassium in the proportion of 40:60,
- formation of peduncle - nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium top dressing in the ratio 30:30:40,
- flowering time - phosphate-potassium fertilizers in the proportion of 40:60.
The diameter of the bulb hippeastrum - an average of 10 cm, it has long roots. To grow a flower will require a narrow and tall pot, preferably ceramic. Focus on these sizes: depth - up to 15 cm, width - 5 cm more than the diameter of the bulb. The bottom of the pot must be filled with drainage.
It is better to transplant hippeastrum in early spring, while completely renewing the soil. The residence of adult plants is advised to change every two to three years. In summer, the bulbous flower can be transferred to the open ground, and with the arrival of autumn, return it to its place. In the first half of September, the plant is dug out, cleaned dry scales and must be treated with copper-containing solutions. The transplant procedure must be performed very carefully so as not to spoil the bulky leaves.
Purchase and acclimatization in new conditions
Growing gippeastrum begins with the purchase of plants in a flower shop.
A bulb of a healthy flower looks like this:
- top scaly layer - smooth, dry, evenly colored, brown,
- bulb - dense, without spots and seals,
- leaves (if present) - uniform color, without spots,
- the roots are white (they usually peep into the drainage holes).
If the bulb is healthy ...
Care after the purchase of hippeastrum involves placing the plant in the penumbra and isolated from the flowers, "old-timers" for approximately a couple of weeks. If you bought only a bulb of hippeastrum, perform three simple steps.
- Treatment. We clean the onion from dried scales and process them with fungicides. This can be either a ready-made shop preparation, or Bordeaux mixture (compound of copper sulfate and hydrated lime).
- Landing. Next, you need a shallow planting in a narrow and high pot with a wet dredger. The onion is deepened to most of its height, one third should be on top of the soil.
- The choice of location. Put the pot in a bright, warm place and do not water until the first shoots.
... and if the "problem"
If the planting material was spoiled, do not rush to get upset. The following five-step instruction will help prepare and plant even a slightly damaged bulb.
- Resuscitation of the roots. Damaged roots are carefully cut and sprinkled with cinders or ash. We do the same with too long roots.
- Removing damage. Visually damaged portions of the bulb and damage, too, cut off.
- Treatment. It is possible to improve the bulb by placing it in a half-hour solution in the “Fundazol” solution. Fungicide can be replaced by ordinary little green.
- Drying Before planting, dry the onion day.
- Landing. Further we act similarly to the previous instruction.
Why does not bloom: causes and solutions
It would seem that the plant is planted with caring hands, receives decent care, but refuses to bloom. There are five reasons for this.
- Depletion bulbs. During the growing season of hippeastrum, the soil is very quickly depleted, because the plant needs a huge supply of nutrients. Regularly make feeding.
- The appearance of "kids." Hippeastrum spends all its forces on the cultivation of "offspring". Small onions are cut, and the "wounds" are treated with ash.
- Insect pests. Hippeastrum spends its strength in the fight against spider mites, worm, or shield.
- Bulb rot. Waterlogging of the ground causes rotting of the bulb. As a result, hippeastrum does not bloom.
- Bad light. No flowering, as during the intensive growth the flower lacked light.
3 tricks experienced florist
If we analyze the feedback from experienced flower growers, we can point out three tricks that will cause the gippeastrum to bloom.
- Hot processing. Place the bulb in hot water (45ºC). After three hours, land. After this treatment, the plant will bloom after three to four weeks.
- Semi-annual "hibernation". From August until the end of January, keep the hippeastrum in a dark, dry place. Stop watering. Then bring to the light, resume watering. Flowers will appear in a month and a half.
- Extra food. In July, you need to cut off all the leaves and stop watering for a month. With the first watering to make complex fertilizer. The plant will bloom in late August-September.
Care after flowering: 4 rules
It is equally important to know how to care for hippeastrum after flowering, because then the foundation is laid for the further growth of the plant. The following four rules will benefit the plant.
- Remove the flower. A faded flower needs to be cut.
- Cut the leaves. Leaves gently with palms, and after yellowing - prune.
- Replace. One month after flowering, the hippeastrum can be transplanted into a new ground (judging by the reviews, so many flower growers do).
- Cooking for the rest stage. Watering and feeding continue to prepare the plant for a long rest, that is, to the stage of rest. During this period, the gippeastrum will not show any visible "signs of life." All processes (development of leaves and peduncles) occur in the middle of the bulb.
Pests and diseases
Bulbous plants, which include gippeastrum, susceptible to disease. Pest insects also bother him.
The main cause of the diseases of hippeastrum is abundant watering, as well as sudden temperature changes, improperly prepared mixture, excessive norm of nitrogen fertilizer. From the appearance of new foci of stagon-sporoza, a plant transplant in another pot and the renewal of the soil will save.
To understand what is happening with the plant, you can by four external signs.
- Spots and cracks in peduncle. Gray rot develops. Required treatment fungicides.
- Yellowing leaves. In hippeastrum leaves turn yellow or the flower changes color if the plant is affected by aphids, thrips. For the treatment used systemic insecticides ("Fitoverm", "Vertimek", "Artelik").
- Red or yellow speckles on the leaves. They were caused by spider mites. Acaricides get rid of it.
- Divorces and dots in red on the bulb. A sign of a dangerous disease stagnation or red burn, which must be fought instantly and radical methods, otherwise the plant will die. All infected and questionable places are cut out, including leaves and roots. The bulbs are treated with copper-containing or fungicidal preparations. Effective "Fundazol" or "Fitosporin." In addition to these traumatic procedures, there is no other way to reanimate the gippeastrum.
Flower growers are increasingly practicing this method of breeding hippeastrum. However, this method is quite risky, since an infection can get into the wound (the place of the incision). In this case, the transplant involves the following five actions.
- Choose an adult, healthy onion.
- We cut it in half, leaving equal parts of scales and roots on each lobule.
- Fresh slice sprinkle with coal.
- Plant the halves in the peat substrate.
- After the appearance of the "kids" (max after a couple of months) we seat them in separate containers.
Growing hippeastrum at home has its own specific features, but novice florists may well learn the characteristics of the care and reproduction of this beautiful decorative flower. If you decide to grow a full-blooming flowering plant yourself from the daughter bulbs, have patience. The first two years of young gippeastrum do not deprive the foliage and do not send to rest: the growth of the bulb and the formation of buds in it will depend on the growth rate of the leaves. The first flowers of extraordinary beauty, towering above the succulent leaves, gippeastrum will delight in three years.
Features and types
Hippeastrum is a perennial bulbous plant. Main characteristic:
- the leaves are linear, are undersile underneath, and on the surface are grooved green and purple shades up to 70 cm long, up to 5 cm wide, arranged in two opposite rows,
- the stem reaches a height of 80 cm, is crowned by an umbrella inflorescence of bisexual flowers,
- peduncle cylindrical, hollow, leafless:
- flowers tubular or funnel-shaped in diameter more than 20 cm, arranged on long petioles of various colors and patterns (white, thick red, orange with spots and stripes),
- the fruit is a tricuspid box, spherical or angular with small seeds.
Hippeastrum flower has no flavor and mostly blooms in winter. The species diversity of this plant is represented by numerous hybrids. Breeders today bred many varieties that are successfully cultivated as home plants:
- Marilyn Monroe - has four large white-cream double flowers,
- Rosalia has a thick shoot with ten pink coral large double flowers,
- Evegrin - is distinguished by the presence of 12 green shade buds, which are formed simultaneously,
- Dancy Queen - lettuce is tinted with a motley flower with petals, painted with stripes of red and white,
- Venetto - bulbs produce several shoots with 20 or more buds. The middle of the flower is a bright greenish color with a yellow border, the white petals are framed by a pinkish edge,
- Hippeastrum Leopold has a rounded bulb with a small neck in diameter up to 8 cm. Leaves are lemoriform, up to 60 cm in length, peduncle, two-flowered, strong. The flowers are red in the middle, white at the top, 17-18 cm in diameter, 11-14 cm long. The mouth of the corolla is white-greenish, etc.
Home gippeastrum has several features that are important to consider:
- in varieties with white and light flowers, little full-grown seeds are formed,
- In the summer the plant is best kept in the garden. It should prikopat in the ground,
- Hippeastrum flowering period can be adjusted and coincide with a specific date. Hippeastrum can be a wonderful gift by replacing an exquisite expensive bouquet,
- each flower of this plant blooms for ten days,
- for forcing used large onions, in which a large supply of nutrients.
For growing home gippeastrum the ideal soil mixture will be the following:
- peat-1 part,
- coarse sand, -1part,
- humus - 1 part,
- sod land - 2 parts
Hippeastrum prefers fertile heavy soil with the above ingredients. Beginners will be easier to buy a ready mix of soil for transplanting bulbous.
The soil must be sterilized by holding it in advance in the cold or watering with boiling water. The bottom of the pot is covered with drainage in 2-3 cm.
The plant must be transplanted once a year shortly before rest period or immediately after it. The bulb is planted in the ground in such a way that a third of it protrudes above the surface.
For hippeastrum choose narrow and high dishes to fit long roots, and the plant blossoms, and not grown children. The width of the container must be such that there is a distance of 3 cm from the bulb to the wall.
For transplanting, shake out the plant carefully from the pot, gently release the roots from the earthen coma, cut off the damaged and decayed shoots with a sharp knife and process the cuts with crushed charcoal. At the bottom of the new pot, you need to lay a drainage layer, then fill the container with soil and drop the bulb with the roots.
After buying the plant replant is optional. Categorically this can not be done during flowering.
To preserve varietal traits, important decorative hybrids are propagated by separating the daughter bulbs. Onions must be shaped, sized not less two centimeters. They must have roots. Children transplanted into separate containers.
In order to stimulate the formation of children, the onion is cut by 2-4 lobes. Treat the sections with coal powder and leave to dry. on air several days. Then the onion should be put in a peat - sand mixture. Moisturize the substrate only through the pan. After some time, daughter bulbs form at the base.
Children are planted in a container with a nutrient mixture to a depth of about four centimeters.
In the third year, the plants are transplanted into separate pots. The flowering process with this method of reproduction begins in three years.
Размножение путем пересаживания , деления луковицы
Если растение не образует деток, размножить его можно делением луковицы. For this:
- разрезают луковицу на 4-8 частей. На каждой из них должны быть корни и донце,
- the sections are treated with charcoal (crushed) and dried for 2-3 days,
- planting material is immersed in soil mixture from sand, earth and peat.
The air temperature is maintained at + 23- + 25, the soil should be wet. When sprouts appear from the bulb, they are planted in different containers. Further usual care is required.