Potted flowers and plants

How to grow lotus seed from home?

Lotus is a beautiful plant that can be seen in some water bodies. Its flower symbolizes beauty, innocence and tenderness. Also, this plant is often found in the religion and culture of various countries. Therefore, it attracts attention with its unusualness.

Most people will be interested to learn how to grow lotus at home and whether it can be done.

Interesting information about the plant

Lotus is an amazing perennial plant. There are interesting facts that can hit any person. Especially if he does not have enough knowledge about this flower. For example, plant seeds may be at the bottom of a reservoir for a long time and not germinate. This happens when there are adult flowers in the water. And only after they die, the process will go.

It is also interesting that the lotus exists on Earth for a long period of time. They appeared in the era of dinosaurs. And all this is due to the fact that their seeds are reliably protected by a hard shell. They can adapt to drought or prolonged exposure to water. It seems incredible, but it is a fact.

Another interesting to know that there are two types of plants: yellow and Indian lotus. The first was found in North America, and the second (as the name implies) in India. Lotus flower is considered a sacred symbol in Buddhism.

Petals of the plant are mainly white, yellow or pink. In this case, the plant itself blooms only 4 days. But the leaves of the plant can be both on the surface of the water and under it. And those leaves that are visible, reach large sizes.

There are such small plants. They were brought out quite recently - they are miniature lotuses. They can easily grow at home in a small vessel anyone.

Growing methods

Grow a lotus in two main ways. It:

  • using seeds,
  • using the root.

The second method is less popular because it is longer. Therefore, most people want to grow a lotus at home from seed. Although, of course, each person can choose the option that suits him more.

As you can see, the methods of growing lotus from seeds at home are varied. Consider them in more detail.

Plant growing from seed

Planting and growing a lotus from seed at home has its own characteristics. First you need to prepare the seeds. This is necessary because they are distinguished by their strength and hardness. Therefore, with the help of a diamond file, small holes are made in them, without affecting the germ. This is scarification.

After that, it will be necessary to place the seeds in a container with warm water. It is important that the water temperature be more than 18 degrees.

Then you can watch as the first seedlings appear in a few days. If all goes well, then somewhere in 2-3 weeks it will be possible to plant seedlings.

Planting lotus

How to grow lotus at home? After the seeds germinate, they should be planted in special containers. There should be two, while one should be placed in the other. They should be water at 20 cm. In this case, the lotus will grow in such a capacity only for the first years, after which you will need deeper utensils.

In the inner tank will need to put the soil. It is necessary to ensure that it is not damaged by pests. It is also important that the earth does not float when it is placed in water. Therefore, it is best to make the ground with pebbles.

If it becomes a matter of choosing a pot for a lotus, then it is better to take one that will not float. For example, be able to approach the ceramic.

If the water in the pond is warm, then you can immediately land it here. But it should be done carefully - so that its leaves were above the water.

It is also worth noting that the aquarium is not the best place to grow these plants. This is due to the fact that the water here is often polluted, it will need to be changed constantly.

Growing with root

To understand how to grow a lotus flower at home, you should consider the second method in more detail. Despite the fact that it is less popular, it also has its advantages. For example, plants grown in this way bloom early.

To grow a plant in this way, it is necessary to separate one process from the adult flower. Then it will need to be placed in the ground with water. It should be remembered about the replacement of water. It is necessary to change it regularly. Use only distilled water. Now everyone should be clear how to grow a lotus at home in this way.

Features of growing

It should be noted that the plant is able to tolerate the winters in the pond. But for this it is important that its bottom is not frozen. If this is not possible, then the plant will need to be taken out of the water and stored in a cellar.

We must remember that this is a tropical plant. That is why it should be in a room with a temperature of about 25 degrees.

It is also advisable to grow flowers near the fountains. This is due to the fact that the lotus loves moisture. You can not be afraid of the fact that drops of water will be able to fall on its leaves.

Attention should be paid to plant nutrition. If it is in a natural reservoir, then problems in this matter should arise. But if it is in a special container or container, then it will be necessary to add manure to the ground.

The lotus may die due to algae, which can grow in a pond. They cause water to bloom. That is why it is necessary to regularly monitor the water in the reservoir and use special tools that can cope with this problem.

In addition, you need to pay attention to the fact that this plant loves the light. Therefore, it should be grown only in a bright place. With the right temperature and good light, lotus flowers will delight their owners all year round.

Plant Care

It is important to pay attention to how the plant should be looked after. This is due to the fact that it is from this point that its further growth will depend.

For such a plant you need to choose a large pot. Also an excellent option would be an open pond. But this option is available for fewer people.

You should pay attention to the fact that the plant may face such a problem as pests. They can cause lotus disease or death. Therefore, you should take care of special means for processing leaves. But they can be used only in accordance with the instructions, so as not to harm the plant.

For example, aphids can simply be washed off the leaves of the plant with plain water. But with other pests better to fight more cardinally.

It is important when planting plants to pay attention to the fact that its leaves were not completely covered with water. Otherwise it may lead to his death. This is an important point that should not be forgotten. This information helped to understand how to grow a lotus at home.

Growing a lotus from seed at home is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. The main thing is to know what to do and follow all the recommendations given in the article. Then soon you will be able to observe the first results. A pond or reservoir will be a matter of pride for its owners. All friends and relatives will come here to see a beautiful white aquatic plant.

It is important to pay attention to the main points. Lotus loves:

It must be remembered that at low temperatures the plant can die. To prevent this, you need to immediately find a suitable place for the lotus in the apartment or near the house.

Growing lotus seeds at home

This method is ideal for our locality, since it is in this way that it is possible to provide aspects of plant adaptation to European terrain. Note that the lotus sprouted from seeds is much more stable, it perfectly tolerates summer droughts, and even the negative effects of low temperature.

In order for germination to be correct and of high quality, it is necessary to select the appropriate seeds. Outwardly, they look like nuts (rather large), always black. The coating is very hard, the height is no more than 1.5 cm, and the diameter of the seed is no more than a centimeter.

For the seed to germinate, it must be scarified.

  1. From the blunt end, where there is a fossa on the seed, hard coating is filed. It is possible to use emery type paper, which will help to quickly rid the fetus of solid protection,
  2. After cleaning, you will need to take quite shallow dishes. It is best to use a glass, but a plastic cup will do. The tank is filled with warm water, not more than eighteen degrees,
  3. Seeds are immersed in warm water, after which, it remains only to wait until the sprouts “hatch”,
  4. After two or three weeks, a sprouted lotus forms, it will need to be transplanted,
  5. Transplantation is carried out either in the summer pond in the country, or in a usual pot for indoor plants,
  6. Immediately, earth or peat is poured into the pot, after which the surface is filled with water. Remember that the water should cover the planting soil not less than 10 cm. At the same time, you need to ensure that the leaves of the plant are on the surface,
  7. The seeds of the plant go deeper into the water (and into the ground) by seven centimeters, but the leaves must be on the surface, in fact they must float on the water,
  8. As the plant grows, you need to add water, make sure that the plant floats on the surface of the water,
  9. If the shoots with leaves drown, the plant instantly dies.

The important points of growing lotus

Pay attention to the fact that proper care ensures the rapid development of the plant. After two years, you will have the first flowers, with time, in place of the flower a box with seeds forms. Water should be added to the plant regularly, while heat and light are the main indicators of growth. Make sure the flower gets the right amount of sunlight. Consider also the fact that the plant can be taken out into the open air, but only after the completion of frosts. Low temperature parameters adversely affect the plant and its development.

An equally important point in the development of a plant is the correct choice of capacity.

The tray grows well in large pots or in pits and open ponds. Experienced experts recommend that the soil layer be at least 3.5 cm for plants already adults, and the water level in this case should be at least half a meter. In the case of planting in a large pot you need to ensure that the rhizome was directly in the center.

If the lotus is left for winter in an open pond, then it will certainly need to be warmed. In this case, use the usual foam, which cover the reservoir, since late autumn. Houses from the pot will need to drain some of the water, and use moss as the main element of insulation. For the winter period, the plant is placed in a cool, fairly dark place. The most important thing in this case is the lack of abundant watering. In the spring, it is necessary to make sure that the bush does not start active growth, this can damage the development, therefore, with the onset of spring, the lotus gradually “habits” to a warm and bright atmosphere.

Remember also that, like most plants, the lotus also has pests.

These can be caterpillars and aphids. In specialty stores you can purchase products that are used to treat leaves from the negative effects of pests. When using such tools, make sure that the instructions are strictly followed, otherwise you can burn the sheets and destroy the plant.

Experts advise when planting plants to use a special pot structure. A planting mixture is poured on the bottom, approximately 30-35 cm. Small pebbles are superimposed on top - no more than 10 cm, and about 10-30 cm of water (water covers the ground and pebbles). Such a structure of the planting site is optimal. The most important thing is to ensure that the lotus leaves are not completely submerged in water, otherwise it will lead to almost instantaneous death of the plant.

Lotus is rightfully one of the most beautiful amphibians, in which beautiful white or pink flowers of large size bloom during the flowering period. Southern countries with a hot climate are considered the birthplace of lotus, but thanks to experienced flower growers and breeders, today this perennial beautiful plant is able to grow anyone who wants at home, the main thing is to understand how to do it right.

Lotus is rightfully one of the most beautiful amphibians, in which beautiful white or pink flowers of large size bloom during the flowering period. Southern countries with a hot climate are considered the birthplace of lotus, but thanks to experienced flower growers and breeders, today this perennial beautiful plant is able to grow anyone who wants at home, the main thing is to understand how to do it right.

Types of cultivation

Grow a lotus at home in two ways: from seed and rhizome division. Of course, the most rapid and effective is the method of division, but in order to use it, you need to find somewhere an adult plant (for example, in a pond). It will be extremely difficult to get the spine on your own and it is not recommended.

But to grow a lotus from seeds at home can be quite easily and without any special difficulties, you just need to follow the rules and consistency.

Growing from seed

Before you start growing, you need to prepare everything you need:

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  • Choose seeds.
  • Prepare the seeds.
  • Find a 0.5 liter can.
  • Prepare a container for transplanting.

Since the lotus is an amphibian flower, its root is deep under water, at the very bottom, and the leaves and flowers, on the contrary, are on the surface. To grow a flower at home, you need to create a natural habitat, that is, an artificial pond or pond.

At first, a good substitute will be a jar of water, so that you can plant seeds on seedlings. In the future, when the seeds slip and the sprouts go up, more capacity will be needed for comfortable development. It can be a small aquarium, an artificial mini-pond on a home plot or a summer cottage, a small five-liter barrel or a medium-sized deep flowerpot.

Seed selection

When choosing seeds, the first thing you should pay attention to is the size of an adult flower. You can buy two exactly the same variety of lotus, but one will grow to 50–60 cm (dwarf lotus), and the other to 140–180 (normal).

Look carefully at the sorting date and expiration date: fresher seeds germinate much better.

Seed preparation

The seed itself is round and looks more like a nutlet. To sprout it was easier to slip and take roots, it is necessary to scarify.

On any lotus seed there is a place with a small dimple, which is both palpable and visible to the naked eye. This side must be grinded with a small file or sandpaper. The result should be the following:

Now that you have everything you need at hand, you can start landing. To maintain consistency, the whole process will be arranged in steps.

  1. 1B half-liter jar need to pour about 400 ml of warm water, 20-25 degrees will be enough.
  2. 2After this, prepared seeds are placed in the jar.
  3. 3 Now we need to wait for the first shoots to appear. Usually, this happens in 5-7 days.
  4. 4 After 3–3.5 weeks after planting, the grown sprouts can be transplanted into a larger container, but do not rush.
  5. 5In a natural habitat, any water body or pond has a bottom: sandy, clayey, muddy, or any other. In the new tank should make a similar bottom. To do this, mix in equal proportions sand, earth and peat, after which the mixture should be poured in a layer of 7–8 cm to the bottom of the pot, aquarium or mini pond.
  6. 6 Then the tank needs to be filled with 85–90% water and given some time for the whole sediment to sink.
  7. 7 Now you can transfer. Each sprout is carefully removed from the can and placed in a new container. After some time, the roots will go deep into the soil and all that remains to be done is to take care of and wait for the lotus to bloom. When transplanting sprouts is recommended to distribute evenly over the entire area of ​​the new container. So it will be more beautiful, and they will not interfere with each other.

The first large flowers from the plant can be expected not earlier than in 2–3 years, and until this point, all the flowers will be small in size.

The flowering period itself does not last long - 3-5 days, depending on the variety. After this, the petals begin to crumble, and only a small capsule with seeds remains. If desired, the favorite flower can be propagated in a familiar way.

The older the lotus is, the larger its flowers are. For example, in some plants, a flower in its expanded state can reach up to 30–35 cm in diameter.

To care for the lotus is quite simple and problems should not arise even for a beginner. Важно помнить о трех вещах:

За уровнем воды нужно постоянно следить. Ориентиром являются верхние листочки лотоса. Они должны всегда находиться на поверхности и ни в коем случае не под водой — это нужно твердо запомнить.

Since the lotus is a light-loving plant, it just needs good lighting. If the pot will be placed on the windowsill, then you need to choose the one where during the day of light the most. In addition, in late spring and summer, the flower can be brought out onto the street - there are no problems with lighting and the air is always fresh.

And a little about the secrets ...

The story of one of our readers Irina Volodina:

My eyes were especially frustrating, surrounded by large wrinkles plus dark circles and swelling. How to remove wrinkles and bags under the eyes completely? How to cope with swelling and redness? But nothing is so old or young man as his eyes.

But how to rejuvenate them? Plastic surgery? I found out - no less than 5 thousand dollars. Hardware procedures - photorejuvenation, gas-liquid pilling, radio lifting, laser facelift? Slightly more accessible - the course costs 1.5-2 thousand dollars. And when to find all this time? Yes, and still expensive. Especially now. Therefore, for myself, I chose another way ...

Growing lotus seeds at home

This method of home cultivation is good because it allows the plant to better adapt to European terrain. The lotus sprouted from seeds will better tolerate summer droughts and coolness.

Ready to breed lotus seeds look like black nuts. They are just as solid and have woody very strong pericarp. Their size: height is about 1.5 cm, diameter - 1 cm. In order for the lotus seed to grow, it will be scarified. It means from the blunt end (where the fossa) it is filed. You can use rough sandpaper, it's faster and easier. The appearance of the first root takes about 5 days.

A shallow glassware is taken, or a plastic cup at the worst, some warm water is poured (approximately + 18-25 degrees) and the seeds are dropped there. We are waiting for the first sprout to “turn”.

Not as soon as I would like flowers to appear. Up to this point, the leafy part of the lotus bush simply floats on the surface. The first beautiful flower can be expected no earlier than 2.5-3 years. After the color comes, a seed box appears.

Sprout care

Proper care at home for the lotus sprouts is very simple: the main thing is not to forget to add enough water, to give a lot of sunlight and heat. You can make a flower in the open air after the completion of all frosts. Low temperatures will destroy the lotus.

Lotus in winter

In winter, the plant is not watered and do not bother. If the lotus is left in the open pond, then for warming it is covered with regular foam plastic from late autumn. At home, some of the water from the pot is drained, insulated with moss, placed in a dark, cool place and not watered. In the spring it is important to make sure that the premature growth of the bush does not come.

Lotus Disease

Like most plants on the lotus are pests - aphid, caterpillars. Aphids can be washed off with water, it is better to do this in the morning. Specialized stores sell products for treating leaves from diseases and pests.

Video about heat-loving lotus flowers that can be grown in Russia:

How to grow a lotus?

There are two ways of reproduction of this flower:

The algorithm of growing lotus with the help of rhizome division:

  1. Tuber, which ottsvёl extract from the soil,
  2. Dry it, make sure it is healthy, there is no powdery mildew and rot on it,
  3. Cut the tuber into pieces so that one germ bud is present,
  4. Land in the prepared soil, covered with water.

Growing this plant in this way has its pros and cons. Plus the fact that the plant begins to bloom faster and reproduction by the root process is quite simple. The downside is that the plants thus obtained are less adaptable to other conditions. Therefore, for those who are just starting to breed a lotus at home, it is better to grow it from seed.

Selection and preparation of lotus seeds

This point should be approached quite seriously. Carefully examine before buying lotus seeds the stated parameters regarding the size of the flower, since the names of hybrids may coincide, but length of leaves, roots and diameter of buds may vary greatly. Seeds remain viable for up to 100 years. Nevertheless, the fresher the seeds, the better they germinate.

Lotus seeds are dark large oblong nuts, 1.5 cm long, up to 1 cm wide. They are very solid. Therefore, before germination, it is necessary to carry out the procedure of scarification. In other words, it means breaking the waterproof seed coat, otherwise the lotus seeds will simply rot.

One side of the seed is pointed, and the other is stupid. On the blunt side, you need to open the outer shell so as not to damage the amniotic membrane. For this, a file or sandpaper will do. The process of cutting is a laborious task..

The prepared planting material is placed in a plastic or glass container. It must be filled with separated water, since chlorinated water is not suitable for germinating lotus seeds. The water temperature should be from +20 to +25 degrees. Water should be changed twice a day. Approximately in 5-7 days the root and the first sprout will appear from the seed. A characteristic sign that the seeds have swelled and germinated will be their lowering to the bottom of the container. Those seeds that continue to swim, most likely, have lost their germination.

After 2-3 weeks, germinated sprouts from the container are transplanted into a large container or directly into the reservoir. The height of the seedlings at the same time reaches about 15 cm.

Landing algorithm

You should take an aquarium or a plastic pot with no holes in the bottom, or another container with a volume of 10 to 20 liters, cover the bottom with soil. Peat can be used as a soil. Sprouts should be planted in it to a depth of 6-8 cm. In this case, be sure to keep the leaves floating on the surface of the water. Soil sprinkled with a thin layer of sand, on a layer of pebbles, pour water. The ratio of soil and water in the container should be 2: 1. The container is placed in a bright and warm place. And then it all depends on the quality of care for the plant.

Lotus conditions

In vivo lotus grows in tropical climate. Therefore, the temperature regime should not be lower than +25 and not higher than +30 degrees. The plant is afraid of drafts. Requires a lot of light. Need a high relative humidity. Often, to provide moisture, whole compositions are created, when a small fountain is placed in the pond where the flower grows to spray the leaves of the plant.

The thickness of the soil in the tank can be minimally 4 cm, and the depth of the water above it is not less than 50 cm. For round containers, the sprout is planted directly in the center. If the plant is to be transplanted into a pond, then its depth should be at least one and a half meters.

Clean water should be added to the vessel as needed and ensure that the water does not become turbid. Because it can be a breeding ground for the appearance of pests and the spread of disease in the plant.

In winter, the water from the tank is partially drained, the bottom is covered with foam or moss so that the lotus does not freeze and does not die. And clean in a dark place until spring. Until sunny and warm days come.

Lotus flowers, which are grown from seeds, appear after 2-3 years. The older the plant, the larger the buds it gives. While maintaining a constant optimal conditions for temperature and light can bloom all year round.

Description of the lotus species

The flower is grown so long ago that in itself it has already become part of the religion of Buddhism. In addition to the cultural and decorative significance of the lotus has nutritional value. Various parts of the shrub are the basis of exotic dishes. From a botanical point of view, lotuses form an extensive group of perennial plants of the Lotus family. There are only two pure wild species:

    Indian walnut, originally from Asia. The growing area including captures and the Amur River. It has nut seeds.

Attention! The decorative advantage of the lotus is also the ability to change the position of the flower following the movement of the sun across the sky.

Also, breeders brought several hybrids. All lotuses have a thick root, which is immersed in underwater soil and takes out nutrients from there. The stalks adapted in the aquatic environment are also completely immersed in the soil. To the surface of the water stretch flexible long leafy stalks of the plant.

Lotus leaves are three species:

The flower is revealed for three days. During this time, some varieties even change the color of the petals. Flowers appear at different points on the leaves.

Height - up to 180 cm, in dwarf species - up to 30 cm. Other features - the shape and length of leaves and flower cups - differs depending on the hybrid. Lotus is extremely demanding of heat. In order for flowers to appear, the plant needs 2-3 months with a stable temperature within + 23 ... + 29 ° С. In colder climates, perennial blooms will not bloom, and in hotter and dry ones, too.

How to grow a lotus seed

Home method of growing from seed allows the flower to adapt to a not quite suitable climate. Such plants are more viable to drought or cold snap. First you need to choose the right planting material. To have chances of success, you must have solid black nuts with the following parameters:

  • dimensions - about 1x1.5 cm
  • pericarp - strong woody.

The seed must first be scarified, sawn with coarse sandpaper from the blunt end. Next, find a container - a transparent container: 90-120 cm in diameter, 25-30 cm deep. For dwarf varieties, you can take smaller quantities. Do not use wavy or square containers. Young shoots of plants can break, leaning into a corner. This will cause significant harm to the lotus.

After that, you can start landing:

  • First take a small small jar. Fill it with half warm water (+ 18… + 25 ° С).
  • Drop the seeds and wait. At room temperature, the first root will appear for 5-6 days.
  • 2-3 weeks after germination, lotus seeds can be transferred to a large container. Dip them into peat for 6-7 m. Leaves should remain above water. To prevent the root tuber from appearing during the procedure, you can flatten it with a flat stone.
  • Watch for the growth of deciduous mass - water must be poured regularly to ensure that floating leaves remain exactly on the surface of the water. If the leaves drown - the lotus will die.

  • The container should stand in a sunny and warm place.
  • Then the flower can be simply transferred to the summer pond or left in the format of a houseplant. The optimal time for the final transfer - 5-6 surface leaves. Previously over the tuber plants need to pour a little earth or gravel.

Features Lotus care

The main thing is to maintain optimal conditions for flower development:

  • sufficient water level
  • plenty of sun
  • temperature not lower than + 20 ° С and not higher than + 29 ° С.

Domestic gardeners got the advice to place the lotus in the ponds directly in the containers in order to hide the flower behind the house walls with a cold snap and take it out again after the end of the frost. You can leave the lotus in the reservoir, just covering it with foam in autumn. For storage in the room of the pot you need to pour out some of the water, and the plant itself to insulate with moss.

The pot should be placed in a cool place. You can not disturb the lotus in any way. Ensure that the temperature at the storage location does not rise in the spring and the plant does not come to life ahead of time. In open reservoirs or large-sized pots for an adult plant, it is enough to observe simple conditions so that the plant does not wither:

  • soil level - from 3.5 cm,
  • the thickness of the water layer is at least half a meter,
  • placement of rhizomes in the center of the tank.

The lotus is a target for habitual inhabitants of gardens - caterpillars or aphids. Insects can simply be washed off with water. It is important to do this in the morning. You can also use special preparations.

Be prepared that even with perfect care the flowers will not appear for a long time, and green “pancakes” will simply float above the surface. The first lotus flower owners wait 2-3 years. After withering and withering away of the inflorescence, a seed pod forms in its place.

Lotus - plant features

Breeders around the world show great interest in this plant and do not stop the work associated with improving the qualities of currently existing varieties and breeding new ones.

The lotus, as an ornamental culture, has a special value, it is mentioned in religious writings, ancient cultural and modern works.

Owners of household plots living in the middle lane and wanting to grow on their site a perennial amphibian shrub for a special decoration of personal water bodies, you must be prepared to overcome some of the difficulties associated with growing and care in the future.

You can buy seeds or tubers of home lotus only in a specialty store. Experts advise novice gardeners, after studying the special subject literature, to listen to a detailed consultation on the specifics of cultivation and care from a sales assistant.

Lotus in the apartment - is it possible to grow at home

Today, thanks to breeders, there are miniature lotuses that are suitable for growing in apartment conditions. House flowers of this kind are divided into two types: Indian and yellow.

In order to grow a lotus in a pot, initially it will be necessary to germinate the seeds. This option is best used in those regions where climatic conditions are far from tropical. Plants sprouted from seeds will adapt to the temperature conditions of a given area much faster and will perceive dryness and high temperature better in the summer period.

How to germinate seeds

The shape of the seeds visually resembles small nuts that have a fairly dense and firm pericarp. In order for the seeds to sprout as fast as possible, their blunt part is cut a little. To make the file will be enough sandpaper. It is much easier and easier for her to do work.

After the seed has been planted, it must be placed in a small container filled with water. After about six days, from the place where the graft was produced, the spine should appear. The temperature of the water in the tank should not be less than +18 degrees and not exceed the mark of +25.

About the ways to maintain the agreed temperature conditions need to think in advance. After a few weeks, the resulting sprouts can be placed permanently.

This option is suitable as for the cultivation of lotus in the pond, and for growing in a pot. Wondering how to grow a lotus in an aquarium, you should pay attention to the above information.

Plant the lotus in the substrate correctly

It is also worth noting that for the cultivation option in a pot you will need to perform the following actions: purchase a pot of the required shape and size, fill it with earth or peat, pour in the required amount of water and only then plant the sprouted plant.

Seeds in the soil need to be buried no less than 7 cm. But, the underwater foliage must be submerged in the soil, and the surface foliage must be located on the surface of the water. It is necessary to monitor the amount of water in the pot and, as necessary, produce its timely topping up in a certain amount.

Temperature

To maintain the correct temperature regime, it is necessary to remember the fact that the plant’s homeland is a terrain with a tropical climate. It is based on this fact, the temperature requirements of the plant are special. In the room where there is a container with a flower temperature must be maintained from +25 to + 30 degrees. Moreover, the regime should be observed both around the clock and year-round.

The plant is very light-loving, so the place for its location must be chosen appropriate. Provided that all recommendations on cultivation are observed, flowering can be observed throughout the year.

The flower is very fond of high humidity. Both petals and foliage have a very positive attitude towards water. On this basis, it is quite possible to place them in a pond with a fountain equipped in it. This will create additional constant moisture that the flower needs and will look quite original in the overall composition.

Periodically on the foliage you can observe the appearance of caterpillars and aphids. It is elementary to fight with aphids. Simply wash it off with water. To eliminate the tracks, you will need to purchase and use suitable insecticides.

For growing at home, the container or pot should be of a sufficiently large size and volume. The thickness of the soil layer in them should be at least 5 cm, and the thickness of the water layer above it should be at least 50 cm.

Provided that the pot is round, the root system should be located in the middle. The amount of water in the tank must be constantly monitored and replenished in a timely manner.

Wintering in an open pond

Provided that the lotus is in a pond under the open sky, the onset of the cold season should be for the owners a signal to cover the frozen pond with foam plates. This will eliminate the possibility of freezing water. If the plants are planted in containers - it is better to organize their wintering in the basement.

Квартирному лотосу с приходом первых холодных дней уменьшают объем воды, производят утепление горшка мхом и перемещают его в более затемненное место.

О выращивании лотоса из семян в домашних условиях узнаем более подробно при просмотре видео:

Интересные факты о лотосе

Корневище лотоса состоит из многочисленных мощных отростков и уходит глубоко в почву. The plant has two types of leaves: underwater leaves look like scales, and large leaves floating on the surface of the water. The lotus flower itself reaches sizes up to 30 cm in diameter, petals of white, pink, red or blue flowers, bright yellow core. Just below the place of attachment of the flower and leaves is the response zone - a special part of the plant that helps the flower to move and change its position after the movement of the sun. It was this connection of the plant with the sun that glorified the flower in ancient times as a sacred, divine.

One of the unique facts about lotus is to maintain the heat inside the flower at night. When it gets dark outside, the lotus petals close, insects hide inside, as the temperature inside the flower is about 37 degrees. After the lotus blooms, a fruit is formed that resembles a cone-shaped multi-chamber nut in which seeds are stored. Lotus seeds are an extraordinary mystery, even for scientists. Thanks to the hard shell, the seeds can be stored for hundreds of years, after which they germinate, as if they were harvested yesterday. Another amazing ability of lotuses is that seeds that have fallen to the bottom of the pond will not germinate while other lotuses are blooming in the pond. And only after their death or removal of plants from the pond - the seeds germinate. This fact is explained by scientists as follows: the plant releases special substances into the water that inhibit the development and rooting of seeds. As soon as the source of the substance is eliminated, young plants replace the old plants.

Planting lotus

For successful and rapid germination, it is necessary to carry out preliminary preparation of seeds for planting. The procedure is called scarification of lotus seeds; it consists in filing a thick seed coat with a diamond file or file. Carefully make nadpili in 2-3 places, do not damage the germ. Further planting seeds in the soil will lead to flowering next year. To speed up the process, place the scarified seeds in a glass jar, fill with warm water and keep at a water temperature not lower than 25 degrees. After 7-14 days the seeds will hatch, the first sprouts will appear.

Next, transfer the seeds to a pond in shallow water, where the depth is no more than 30 cm, or place the seed of the lotus for germination in wide containers first, filling it with 20 cm of water. . Suitable soil for lotus consists of silt, sand and clay. In warm regions, plant the plant directly into the ground; in regions with frosty winters, it is more convenient to plant lotuses in containers or plastic buckets placed in the soil of the reservoir.

Lotus care

The main care for the lotus is to maintain the required water level for the plant. Increase the depth gradually. If the water level is too high, the plant will not bloom. In the opposite situation, the flower will begin to rise above the surface, it is fraught with injuries. For this reason, it is convenient to plant lotuses in containers, for quick and easy change of depth. Another advantage of container planting plants - lotus wintering. In the southern regions, where ponds are frozen only in the upper layers, lotuses live well all year round in ponds. Cover the pond with foam and press down with heavy boards to prevent freezing of the roots. In the central zone and the northern regions, dig up containers with lotuses for the winter, and send them to storage in basements, where the air temperature does not rise above 8 degrees.

If the pond is not populated with fish, feed lotus manure every year. To control lotus pests, use bacterial preparations if you grow fish in a pond. Garden How to clean a pond at the cottage in the spring Read more

Gardeners equate lotuses to exotic plants. However, the cultivation of lotus in our climate is possible with the observance of wintering rules.

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Mistakes care for indoor plants

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“My flowers don't grow,” one friend of mine told me recently. - “Maybe my energy is wrong?” Not to say that I didn’t believe in all these theories about the “bad aura” at all. But as an experienced florist I can say: that it’s impossible for someone to turn their apartment into a flowering garden, in 99% of cases the lack of awareness in matters of plant care is to blame. Well, and still trite - laziness and lack of time. Often we acquire a potted plant, giving in to the impulse: we liked it, bought it, brought it home. Put, say, in the kitchen. We water every day. Then every other day. And when I'm tired, in two or three ... Here you have the first mistakes that most often end in failure. Which ones, I will clarify a little below. Bringing the plant to your home, you need to be well aware: the flowers are alive! This is not just a piece of furniture that covers ugly corners. Like all living things, plants have their own requirements for habitat, care and attitude to themselves. Do not you forget yourself and your family to feed dinner, warm clothes, provide vitamins? In the same way, we should not forget to water the flowers, change the land for them, acquire fertilizers ... Do you want to miss the stage that most beginners who like home plants are going through? To do this, you need to avoid only 8 mistakes, and the flowers will definitely linger in your house.