Plant Care Products

Independent creation of an automatic watering system

When it is necessary for the owner of indoor flowers to leave the house for a long time, he is worried that there is no one to take care of the plants during the absence. You can ask for help from your neighbors, relatives and friends. However, this is not the only way out. Quite an effective way is to use the system of automatic watering of indoor plants.

System selection

If you know in advance that you have to be away for some time, you need to prepare the plants in advance and take measures to maximize their moisture. Two weeks before departure, you need to cancel feeding, cut flowers and buds. It is imperative to reduce the level of illumination: shut the windows or move the flowers from the window sill. In parallel with this, it is necessary to select an automatic watering system.

Plant pots

Pots with automatic watering system Can be purchased at specialized flower shops. Their purpose is automatic subsurface irrigation. The principle of operation is the capillary raising of the liquid to the roots. They are also called automatic pots or smart pot. This is a double vessel in which there is a reservoir, a barrier separator and a special liquid level indicator. A flower is planted in one pot and a plant is poured into another. Water flows slowly and evenly, penetrating into the ground as it dries.

Thanks to this system, flowers consume as much water as they need for normal growth and development. Excessive moisture, acidification of the soil, negative influence of environmental factors are excluded. The only disadvantage of such a pot is that it is effective only for adult plants that have a well-developed root system. Otherwise, the plant will not be able to receive moisture. If a flower is recently planted in a pot with automatic watering, the first two months it will need to continue to be watered in a standard way.

Ceramic cones

Florists often use these designs. The kit consists of a cone and plastic tubes.. The cone must be inserted into the ground, and the free part placed in a container with water. There is no need to control the process of water supply - it will come after the soil dries out under pressure from the tank.

Ceramic cones are high quality and reliable, but they have several disadvantages. There are cases when the required pressure is not formed and the plants do not receive water. Then you have to choose another place for a vessel with water. If the vessel is set too high, the flower can be poured and ruined. If too low - there is a risk to dry the soil in the pot.

Microdrop system

The system is easy to use.if there are a large number of flowers that are in the same room (balcony, loggia) or greenhouse. The system is connected to the central water supply. It is triggered at a certain time, which is set on a special timer. For smaller rooms and greenhouses tanks can be used.

If you choose such a system for indoor plants, it should be remembered that it does not suit plants with delicate roots. These include, for example, orchids.

Auto watering flasks

Multi-colored balls invented by domestic manufacturers. They are beautiful, practical and comfortable. Can serve as an additional decor of the interior.

They visually resemble a ball with a pipette that needs to be filled with liquid and inserted into a pot. When the soil dries, the air enters the foot of the flask, pushing the required amount of water. Such devices are affordable, but in terms of reliability they are inferior to others. The disadvantage is that they dispense the liquid poorly and can also flood the flower.

Capillary mats

Capillary mats resemble rugswhich are made of hygroscopic materials. Such products in the assortment are presented in special retail outlets and are available by price.

Capillary mats are often placed on any flat surface (table or wide window sill). For effective and proper use of one end must be in a container of water. Before laying the mat, it is necessary to lay an oilcloth under it in order not to spoil the facing surface of the table.

It happens that the size of the mat does not allow to place the end in a container with liquid. In this case, you can use special strips that need to be moistened in water. Then place one end under the mat, the other - into the container. The effect of using strips is identical to the effect of a homemade wick, which ensures the entry of moisture.

Automatic watering plants with their own hands

To prevent the death of indoor plants during the holidays, it is not necessary to buy expensive avopolivalki. You can use the old proven methods:

  1. Put flower pots in containers with water or place jars with a liquid to humidify the air next to the flowers.
  2. Twist the straws into pieces of gauze or cloth. Place one end in a container with liquid, the other - in the ground.

But there are other ways of how to do automatic watering of indoor plants with their own hands.

With wicks

In order to make a wick, you need to take a piece of thick rope or bandage, then twist the tube. One end must be placed in the drainage of the pot. Place a container with water under the pot. This can be a jar, in the neck of which a pot will be installed. The second end of the rope will hang in a jar of water.

As needed, moisture will flow to the plant's root system, nourishing and saturating it.

From plastic bottle

Creating an automatic watering with your own hands from a plastic bottle is the easiest way. For a medium pot, one small bottle will suffice; for a big tub, several pieces are needed. This method is very simple and hassle-free. The main thing is to ensure the stability of the bottles. To manufacture the system you need:

  • Take the whole bottle.
  • Make several small holes in the cap.
  • Capacity to place the top of the bottom that you want to cut.
  • Pour the water into the container and put it lid down in the ground. The tank should be as smooth as possible.

The bottle will serve as an autoleader, from which water will pour out as needed.

Drip irrigation

From ordinary medical droppers and large plastic containers (5 liters or more) You can make a good system of automatic watering. The number of droppers must match the number of flower pots. Check the integrity of systems, remove needles. Connect the ends of the tubes with wire or rubber bands. It is necessary to ensure that the tubes are not pinched.

Bonded ends should be placed in a container with water, which can be put as high as possible. Open the regulator, release the air. Then place the loose ends in pots. Use the wheel to adjust the amount of fluid intake.

The florist, who is not indifferent to his home plants, when leaving home for a long time, will try to create favorable living conditions for them.

If the landlord does not have the opportunity to ask friends or relatives to water the flowers, there is an easier way - build an automatic watering system for your pets. Now there is a wide range of such systems, which are not only financially accessible, but also functional. The florist only needs to familiarize himself with the characteristic features of each in order to determine the most suitable one for himself.

Types of automatic watering do-it-yourself to give

Autowatering can be done in different ways, adjust it to fit your needs. The design, which can be purchased assembled, is a very expensive product on the market. This is the main reason, according to which people take on independent work. At the same time, differences in the systems of automatic watering are fundamental only in the method of water delivery, while the design will have the same features in different types of automatic watering. There are 3 main types or ways by which the construction of automatic irrigation is built:

  • Drip,
  • Rain,
  • Subsoil or root.

When drip irrigation water flows to the roots of plants, while the upper part, stem and leaves, remain in a dry state. This provides savings in use. water resources. The structure is constructed of polypropylene pipes, which are distributed along the lawn or garden bed at a short distance from the ground, the root system of plants. The output droppers are mounted along the length of the pipes, through which water constantly moistens the soil in a prescribed place in small portions, adjusted to the discretion of the owner for speed and even time.

This method of automatic irrigation is widely used for irrigation of vegetable gardens in the country, greenhouses, young trees in the garden, planted flower beds or shrubs, flower beds. Miniature versions of the drip irrigation system can be constructed in apartment conditions to irrigate a sufficient amount of house flowers. In the trading networks are implemented drip irrigation systems, mainly for large areas. What makes their use on small plots is very difficult and uneconomical.

Rain automatic irrigation makes it possible to spray water with jets of different power at a certain distance. Also suitable for watering all kinds of plants with plants in outdoor conditions. The system is fully automated, but has some limitations. The owner has to monitor the system from time to time, the quality of water delivery to distribution points, and stop automatic watering in case of sufficient irrigation of the soil. When the earth is already saturated with water, it will not be able to absorb excess moisture, as a result of which puddles will form. This is the main point., which is worth paying attention to when building such a system.

Intrasoil method are the most difficult and they are not so easy to do with your own hands. He and, in most cases, are used for watering ornamental plants, shrubs and fruit-bearing trees. This method is very similar to drip avtopoliv, differs from it in that the pipes are mounted underground close to the root planting system, and the water seeps through small holes.

Autopouring in the country with their own hands

Best done with the drip method. In order to build a system, it is necessary to first build a scheme according to which work will be done on mounting the future system. Take into account all the working moments of the site, the size of the site, the length of water pipes, the distribution of droppers, determine the location for the pumping unit. Best of all, when it will be closer to the center of the system. It is important to consider the distance between component parts. and present in the scale plan in the drawing.

Necessary materials and tools for the construction of the system of automatic watering in the country

  • The presence of water supply, a well or a tank of 200 liters or more, preferably stainless steel,
  • Stop valves (crane installations and filters, if necessary),
  • Rigidly structural pipes for main pipeline laying,
  • Soft plumbing for drip irrigation (drip tape),
  • Tees, drip nozzles, drip sleeves, clamps for clamping, electrical tape,
  • Pump, controller sprinklers, valve locks,
  • injector. to transfer fertilizer from the tank, if necessary, to the irrigation system,
  • Shovel, measuring tape, angle piece, adjustable wrench, screwdriver set, pliers, screwdriver.

Front work for drip or rain irrigation

  • Dig a trench for trunk pipelines with a depth of about 35 to 45 cm centimeters or lay pipelines on top of the ground, lay pipes and connect with fittings,
  • Install sprinklers, if the automatic irrigation system will be used according to the rain method,
  • Connect the main lines to the pumping station with the help of nozzles,
  • Instead of a tap, an automatic valve is used,
  • supply timer on and off,
  • bring the peripheral pipelines to the main,
  • to connect pipelines on the periphery with the help of clamping fitting valves with droppers,
  • Bury pipelines with earth.

Automatic drip irrigation in the country does not violate the landscape aesthetics, if laid on the surface of the earth. You can make the installation in a certain wayso that the system was invisible, not interfere and in no way inferior to the underground laying of the pipeline.

Front work for subsurface irrigation

  • Dig a trench 15-35 cm deep. The distance between trenches 50-80 cm,
  • Inside the trench, porous pipes made of high-density polyethylene are laid; a dropper is used of a special type. It contains herbicides and substances that protect water outlet openings from plant roots and clogging,
  • From a pipe the tape for a water delay at the necessary level keeps within,
  • We use electromagnetic valves, precipitation sensors, drainage valves in the system.

In all other respects, a similar dispensing and sprinkling dispensation. The difference can only be in water pressure.which is served before the dropper or sprinklers.

Management of systems of autowatering

For automatic drip irrigation, a pressure of 0.2 atmospheres is suitable and can be controlled manually, by turning the tap, with an independent weak pressure of water from a highly installed tank (sufficient height is 1.7 meters) in the sprinkler system, the pressure must be greater and materials designed for increased loads .

The system is controlled with overpressure using an automatic controller. Work is automated up to 100%. WITHThere are automatic blocks controls that track weather conditions, soil moisture and, accordingly, control the operation of the equipment of the automatic irrigation system. A more common version uses a less automated system that allows you to turn on the water supply at a certain time with human participation.

The functionality of modern models allows you to control the system from a distance, via a smartphone or via the Internet, supported by any device.

Water consumption and flow rate for different plants

Water resources, as a rule, use a normal amount, without an excess of norms. You have to face different situations when a lawn or a garden with different cultivated plants requires different amounts of water.. After all, there are plants more moisture-loving or they differ in the vegetative period with less moisture consumption depending on the time of planting.

This problem can be solved by one of the ways:

  • use a dropper system with water flow regulators. You can set a specific level of supply for each plant or for each section of the water supply.
  • multi-zone controllers that are able to set the irrigation mode automatically in different zones, as it will be convenient.
  • make several equipped systems with different levels of water supply. This will avoid unnecessary costs for expensive equipment or consumables for laying pipelines over long distances.

You can collect auto watering in the country with your own hands in one working day, if it is not possible to do it yourself, you can resort to the help of professionals.

We keep moisture at the lowest cost

First consider the way out of the situation. lowest cost. This method is very simple, but it is desirable to use it only in extreme cases - He has too many cons.

So, to organize the simplest system of moisture conservation, you need to water the plants well, the best immersion method root along with a lump in the water.

Remove the pots from the windowsills: the weaker the light, the less moisture evaporates, and the less it consumes the plant. Of course without light growth will slowtender plants can be depressed.

[ads1] Cut the buds and flowers, if possible thin out the green mass - this is also necessary to reduce consumptionwater. Of course, the loss of decoration in this case is inevitable, and many plants after such an execution will recover for a long time.

Make up all the pots closer to each other, preferably in a single container - for example, in a bath or large basin. At the bottom pour a five-centimeter layer of claydite to fill it with water. Put the pots, in between, laying the pieces of moist sphagnum.

We cover the design with a film. The most delicate specimens can be placed in individual greenhouses.

Consider that being "Under the hood", plants with pubescent leaves (saintpaulia, pelargoniums) can mold and rot.

Another minus - after they will have again to accustom to the open air, opening the film in stages or reducing the humidity in the room.

Tips for creating automatic watering of indoor plants using pallets, see the video below:

The simplest drip irrigation

The system described above will be viable longer if provided to it source of moisture. Можно сделать маленькие отверстия в крышках пластиковых бутылок, перевернуть их и расставить между горшками, добившись, чтобы влага просачивалась по капельке.

Бутылки можно втыкать прямо в грунт. Емкость каждой бутылки подбирается индивидуально - one plant will have enough 0.5 liters, and for large-sized plants in tubs, you may need several 2-liter bottles.

Rules for the care of stephanotis at home, read our material.

Why do leaves of calathea dry? The answer to this question can be found in our article.

Despite the simplicity and artistry of this method, there are manufacturing devicesoperating on this principle.

They consist of glass flaskconnected to the tank, immersed in the ground for uniform distribution of moisture.

According to this principle, the Austrian Blumat watering systemswhich can be bought in our stores.

System "wick"

This is a known method - connecting to the irrigation system through improvised wicksmade of any laces, ropes, etc. One end of the wick is lowered into the basin with water, the second is fixed in the pot (you can use an ordinary female hairpin or a wooden peg).

Mostreliable way - hold the wick through the hole in the bottom of the pot before planting. Such a system can be equipped with all the plants in advance, if you often leave the house.

The material for the wick need in this case is selected synthetic. Thus, the water will drain into the ground due to Cappillary pressure difference.

Master class on making the system of automatic watering "Wick" at home, see the video:

Hydrogel and granulated clay

Well saturated with moisture granulated clay or hydrogel (buy in garden centers) are also used for the equipment of autowatering. These materials possess absorbability a large amount of water, and then gradually give it to the roots of plants as needed.

Clay lumps in the granules are placed in a separate pot (selected in a larger size), and then a plant with an undisturbed lump is transplanted into it, covered with a thick layer of clay (hydrogel) on all sides. Then the ground is closed with polyethylene.

About the peculiarities of care for cyclomen at home, read our material.

Learn how to plant and care for lavender from our article.

Droppers

Another not very costly method of automatic watering can be arranged using medical droppers and a large plastic water can (5-6 l):

  1. Buy in the pharmacy dropper at the rate of one for each flower.
  2. Remove the tips and check each for integrity (blow).
  3. Fasten together the ends of the droppers, without pressing the tubes, and with something weigh down the structure. The tips should lie on the bottom of the jar and not float.
  4. Bank put on a hill, and flowers - below. Fasten tips attached to the jar, and the ends of the droppers - in pots.
  5. Open the regulator on the droppers and immediately cover them with the regulator, setting a slow drip of water.
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Colorful cones

Original polivalki Invented domestic producers - colorful cones, which are filled with water, inserted into a thin leg and stuck into the ground.

As the earth dries in the pot, oxygen penetrates into the leg, pushing just as much water out of the flask how much a flower is needed.

Perfect fitfor watering house plants, and also hothouse, garden, etc. This method has advantages:

  • practicality and originality of the solution,
  • additional interior decoration
  • no threads, droppers, complex structures - everything is beautiful and simple.
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3 comments

Of course, the author of the article told us useful information, it happens that you have to leave, and there is no one to leave the flowers for. then you will take care of the color, you will correct the leaves, that you will try to change, turn and move, so that the plant is more comfortable, and you will love it with love.

Thanks love! You opened our eyes! And they helped a lot with the advice of the case - on how to ensure irrigation during the trip. Hen

My opinion is that the best would be fully automatic irrigation, an example. The advantage of this irrigation is that the plant is watered as needed, based on the soil moisture.

Remote Control

Creating a system of automatic watering with your own hands, first of all, select the control panel correctly. It starts and disables watering depending on the settings made, the time of day and weather conditions.

The valves divide the lawn irrigation system into irrigation zones, allowing you to install pipes of smaller diameter and a pump with lower characteristics, and therefore save on equipment costs.

The nozzles regulate the flow of sprinklers, as well as the sector and irrigation radius. Depending on the external conditions, the appropriate types of nozzles are installed on the sprinklers.

The pump is the most important element of the system; it is this that allows the system to function. The assembled system of automatic watering will not function with their own hands if you pick up the wrong pump.

Fittings are connecting elements for assembling equipment components into a single whole. It is most convenient to do the installation of automatic watering using the hands using compression fittings.

Low-pressure polyethylene is the best material for lawn irrigation pipe systems. It has elasticity and excellent corrosion resistance.

Capacity regulates the flow of water to irrigate. In addition, the water has time to heat up in the tank to the ambient temperature. It is especially critical if the water supply comes from a well.

1. Creating an automatic watering project

1.1 On the site plan to make the placement of sprinklers with 100% overlap, taking into account the radii of distance nozzles.

1.2 Taking into account hydraulic losses and expenses, do your own hands with a breakdown of the automatic lawn irrigation system into zones.

1.3 Select the pump and the volume of the tank in accordance with the data obtained.

1.4 Calculate the number and choose the appropriate type of connection fittings, couplings and filters for easy installation with their own hands.

2. Carrying out in nature of the executed project

2.1 According to the completed plan, it is necessary to mark the site in order to excavate trenches.

2.2 When performing markings, you should accurately position the sprinklers of the system in order to avoid spilling unwanted zones or insufficient irrigation of certain areas by installing your own automatic watering system.

4. Do-it-yourself autowatering system - installation

4.1 Assemble nodes sprinklers, valve boxes, tanks and pump.

4.2 Connect the pipe fittings to the assembled units.

4.3 Carry out installation of the tank and the pump under the lawn watering with your own hands

4.4 Run the electrical cable, connect the control panel and configure the system.

How to reduce the installation time of the system by 5 times and ensure its operability

There are proven standard solutions how to do automatic watering with your own hands for areas of different sizes.

  • Turnkey kit

1. sprinkler - 40 pcs.

2. flexible knee - 40 pcs.

3. solenoid valve - 6 pcs.

4. control unit for 6 zones - 1 pc.

5. fan nozzles - 40 pcs.

6. HDPE pipe 32mm - 200 m

7. Capacity 1 m3 - 1 pc.

8. Espa Aspri pump - 1 pc.

9. purge unit - 1 pc.

10. complete set of connecting fittings

11. departure of the master to the dacha to measure the area

12. individual project of the system of automatic watering

13. marking the site for earthworks

15. Setting up watering

1. sprinkler - 28 pcs.

2. flexible knee - 28 pcs.

3. Solenoid valve - 4 pcs.

4. control unit for 4 zones - 1 pc.

5. fan nozzles - 28 pcs.

6. HDPE pipe 32mm - 200 m

7. a complete set of connecting fittings

8. 3 different sample plot plans

9. complete instructions for assembling and setting up automatic watering

1. sprinkler - 28 pcs.

2. flexible knee - 28 pcs.

3. Solenoid valve - 4 pcs.

4. control unit for 4 zones - 1 pc.

5. fan nozzles - 28 pcs.

6. 1 typical plot plan

7. instructions for assembling and setting up watering

Lawn quality that cannot be achieved manually

Feedback from our customers

Features of the automatic irrigation system in the country

The auto-irrigation of the site is a special technical complex, providing uniform and regular water supply of plants in a certain area. The system can be classified as a landscape irrigation. It consists of hoses, sprinklers, taps, a pump, various valves and a controller, which functions on the basis of a programmed schedule. Autowatering works according to the schedule entered into the control program.

Atooliva systems can be used for all types of plantations.

The so-called “smart rain” system is often used in winter gardens, parks, greenhouses, production greenhouses. It is also installed on the summer cottage of any size, so you can control the watering of the garden, lawn, garden and flower beds.

Among the main advantages of the system of automatic irrigation in the country with their own hands are the following:

  • ease of operation
  • no need for independent watering of plants at the dacha or greenhouse,
  • the ability to set the required intensity and frequency of irrigation,
  • automatic watering is sensitive to environmental humidity, so the system will automatically shut off when it rains, which will save water,
  • the ability to install the system by the hour and on a certain part of the garden or greenhouse,
  • durability.

The system of automatic irrigation can be of three types: sprinkling, drip irrigation and subsurface irrigation - each of the options has distinctive features and is selected based on the nature of the site and the types of greenery.

Installing an automatic irrigation system at the site will allow owners to save a lot of time and effort spent on self-watering plants

Controller and timer for automatic irrigation system for the garden

Watering can be semi-automated and fully automated. The first option involves the installation of autowatering timers, which are represented by electrical or electromechanical devices that allow you to set the duration and frequency of irrigation.

Fully automated self-watering systems are complete with a controller. This is the so-called brain of the device, represented by a mini-computer, through which the entire system works. Based on a given program, the controller controls the device, regulates the number of waterings and the intensity of pressure, controls the pressure in the network and the temperature of the water. It has a built-in humidity sensor, responsive to rain. If necessary, it automatically shuts down the system. The controller can be installed in the house and on the street.

Important! To organize the timely supply of water to the sprinklers and pipes used solenoid valve.

Automatic watering can also be used for outdoor potted plants.

Many modern controllers are equipped with GSM-modules, thanks to which the system can be controlled from a mobile phone. Timers and controllers have a different number of channels. To irrigate plants of the same type, which have the same irrigation regime, devices with a single channel are sufficient. For different irrigation options will need multi-channel devices.

Helpful advice! You can purchase several single-channel simple devices and connect them to the same line, while setting different irrigation programs.

Choosing automatic for the irrigation system, you should pay attention to the type of battery and the autonomy of the device. Most devices use several finger batteries or one 9 V.

Filters and water tank for the organization of automatic irrigation

Any irrigation system starts with a water source. In most cases, when organizing an automated irrigation system at a country house, a metal or plastic water tank of different volume is used with their own hands. Directly connecting the system to a centralized water supply is undesirable because it may contain too cold water, which can harm the plants. The presence of an intermediate tank will allow water to warm up to air temperature. In addition, the tank acts as a backup tank, which is useful in the event of a water shutdown.

Automatic drip irrigation systems are convenient for seedlings and flowers in pots

Helpful advice! To organize drip irrigation, it is recommended that the tank be installed on a small hill, so that sufficient pressure will be created in the system for its operation.

The water supply to the tank should be on top, which will make it possible to fill the container to the top. The water intake is stirred at its lower point, but not at the very bottom, since this will contribute to the accumulation of debris into the system. But for the possible cleaning of the tank, a crane designed to drain water should be located at the bottom of the product.

Helpful advice! You can organize the flow of rainwater from the roofs and the territory of the house into the tank, which will allow you to get a free source of water.

In order for the system to last for many years without significant damage, you should install a filter at its beginning. It will protect the automatic watering from various small debris, which is often in the water, which is detrimental to the system. Filters can be mesh, disk and bulk. The first option is preferable for systems in which the water source is a water-measuring tank, which is located at a certain height.

Using automatic watering in greenhouses is a very effective solution.

The latter type is used for the organization of irrigation systems for fields and greenhouses with large areas. The best performance characteristics has a disk filter, but it has the highest cost. Regardless of the option chosen, the element must be immediately installed on the line coming out of the water storage tank.

Choosing a pumping unit for autowatering

If the water supply is not from a centralized water supply, but from a well or reservoir, the system should be equipped with a pump for automatic irrigation, designed for a certain flow rate. The device will provide the required pressure in the pipes, which will activate the nozzle sprinklers.

Choosing a pump unit, you should pay attention to the following parameters:

  • capacity, which is selected on the basis of the area for irrigation,
  • water consumption required for irrigation of all green spaces, with a reserve of power,
  • probability of automatic control,
  • the resistance of the mechanical elements of the unit to the effects of chemical compounds in the form of fertilizers that will be introduced into the water as needed,
  • the level of vibration and noise generated
  • availability of the “soft start” system,
  • ease of installation and disassembly.

If the water intake is carried out from a reservoir or tank, then it is advisable to buy a pump unit for arranging an automatic watering system.

For the organization of drip irrigation the most suitable option is a centrifugal pump unit. More reliable and expensive is the blade type, which can have a vertical or horizontal wheel layout. This pump is used when sprinkling. In case of excess water consumption of 2 l / s, it is better to install a piston centrifugal unit.

For large areas when creating automatic sprinkling it is recommended to give preference to an axial pump. For drip irrigation large area, it is advisable to install a vortex unit.

The choice of pipelines for the organization of an automated irrigation system in the country

To ensure the movement of water from the tank to the place of destination pipes are used. They are connected to the main conduit. Elements are stacked for each section separately and are connected with valves and sprinklers.

Piping can be metal or plastic. The first option is characterized by high strength and performance characteristics. However, metal products are prone to corrosion, which reduces their service life. Also characteristic of the material is time-consuming installation, which requires certain skills and abilities.

Plastic pipes are the highest quality and therefore suitable for autowatering systems option

More practical option for the device of the system of automatic irrigation do-it-yourself are plastic products. The material has a smooth internal surface, eliminating the likelihood of accumulation of deposits, thereby reducing the throughput of pipelines. Polyethylene pipes are resistant to temperature fluctuations, exposure to aggressive substances and solar radiation. Such a strong and durable material can be laid underground and on its surface.

Installation of individual elements is carried out using soldering or fittings. The cost of products is 40-80 rubles / m. Among the well-known manufacturers should be preferred companies Wavin, Rehau and Ostendorf.

More economical, but no less reliable are pipelines made of polypropylene. Products differ in good strength characteristics and long service life. These pipes should be bought from such well-known manufacturers as Aquatherm, Rehau, Wefatherm, Banninger, Ekoplastik, Pro Aqua, Valtek, Santrade, at a price of 30-50 rubles / m

Polypropylene pipes are not inferior in quality to plastic, but inferior in price

Varieties of automatic garden irrigation schemes

Существует несколько вариаций схем автополива, которые можно увидеть в сети интернет. All of them are mobile and are selected on the basis of the characteristics of the territory and varieties of greenery. The most popular option is the water supply scheme, where a pumping station is used. Water from the source is pumped through the pipelines and is pumped to the plants using sprinklers or in the form of drops. After the pump is installed filter.

You can provide a site for fertilizer. It consists of a tank, an injector and shut-off valves. Such a device is sure to come in handy when organizing an automatic irrigation system for greenhouses, a vegetable garden and a garden. The supply of the solution in the pipeline is carried out using an injector. The number of irrigated lines is determined based on the nature of the plantations and the pressure in the network. The choice of droppers or sprayers is carried out by calculating the water flow required for watering the plants.

For the organization of automatic watering for flowers and lawn acceptable sprinkler irrigation scheme. It can also be used in the country, carrying out watering of undersized plantations, whose height is 10-15 cm. Pipelines in this case are laid under the ground so as not to create obstacles when mowing the lawn. Sprinklers can also be located deep in the earth and be advanced at the beginning of the system. Autowatering can work without a pumping unit. Water is supplied by gravity, which is most often used with drip irrigation.

Scheme of automatic drip irrigation garden

Features rain automatic irrigation

The rain irrigation option is mainly used for watering lawns, strawberry plantations and large areas with their own hands. Such a system can be installed in greenhouses for crops that like a wet microclimate. Water sprinkling, which is dispersed by sprinklers, falls under the root and on the ground part of the plant.

Related article:

Drip irrigation do-it-yourself for giving without costs: do it yourself easily and simply
How to equip drip irrigation in the country independently of ready-made components or scrap materials. Features of installation.

The sprinkler system can be laid by air or subsoil. The latter option is more accurate and durable. It is established with confidence in the permanent location of green spaces. Sprinkler nozzles are also located underground. At the time of the start of the water pressure system, the sprinkler is pushed upward, which supplies water to the site. When organizing a rainwater irrigation system for greenhouses, the air method of laying communications is used.

Important! Sprinkling can work with a water pressure in the pipeline of at least 2 atm.

The system can be connected to the centralized water supply pipeline or take water from the barrel. The last option involves the installation of the pump, which controls the controller.

The system of automatic sprinkling can be both land and underground type

The main advantages of the system are the following factors:

  • promotes gradual uniform absorption of moisture,
  • humidifies the air, which is especially important in greenhouses,
  • washes leaves and fruits of shrubs and trees from dust and insects.

The disadvantages of a sprinkler system include the formation of a crust on the surface of the earth, which prevents oxygen from entering the soil. In addition, such automatic watering requires a large consumption of water and electricity. Permanent imitation of rain can be disastrous for some crops due to the fact that it contributes to the development of various diseases. However, this is the most rational system of automatic watering of lawns and beds with frequent plantings.

An automatic sprinkler system consists of a pump, hoses, and special spray nozzles that spray water around themselves in a certain radius. Sprinklers for watering the garden can be fan-shaped or rotary. The first option is suitable for a small area. The radius of operation of such sprinklers is up to 5 m. The fan sprinklers can be equipped with different nozzles, thanks to which the irrigation sector is regulated.

Schemes of automatic sprinkling of greenhouses under the control of the controller

To moisten large areas, it is better to choose rotary sprinklers, which, dynamically rotating around their axis, sprinkle water over long distances - up to 10 m. Do not install different types of sprinklers in the same area, as they provide different irrigation intensity.

Helpful advice! For irrigation of roadside lawns, the irrigation system is self-assembled with fan sprinklers that work in one direction.

Preparatory stage before installing an automated sprinkler system

Before you do automatic watering, you should draw a detailed plan with the application of all buildings, garden paths, beds and green spaces. The site is divided into zones, and the locations of the sprinklers are marked. For installation at the corners, sprinklers should have a radius of irrigation of 90 °, and over the whole area - 360 °.

Helpful advice! Sprinklers are arranged in such a way as to ensure the intersection of the radii of the coatings of the installations.

Sprinklers must be selected and installed based on the capacity of the pipes and the size of the section

Next, a piping system is applied, indicating the installation location of the pump relative to the selected irrigation source. In determining the number of sprinklers should take into account the fact that the location of the device itself provides the least flow of water. Most of it falls on the ground away from the equipment.

The next step is to determine the required pipe diameter. Based on experience, many experts recommend laying pipes with a diameter of 40 mm with a capacity of 50 liters per minute on an area of ​​1 ha.

It is recommended that you install a lawn irrigation system with your own hands in the fall in order to admire a green plantation in the spring. For laying trunk and diverting pipes, an underground trench should be dug 30-40 cm deep, if in the future the land is not plowed here. Otherwise, the depth should be at least 50 cm. A cushion of rubble is laid at the bottom of the trench, which will play the role of drainage. If an air installation option is supposed, then it is required to prepare supports and fasteners for installation to the roof.

When installing the system it is important to monitor the level of the pipes

Important! When making an autowatering in the greenhouse with your own hands, it is necessary to provide a compensation loop, which is necessary in the case of bends and linear changes in the size of the hoses at different temperatures.

Do-it-yourself rainwater irrigation: a sequence of actions

Installation of autowatering begins with the laying of trunk pipes. In places of branching the pipe is cut off, a tee is installed to connect the hose, which will drain water to the sprinkler. By the end of this branch you need to attach the hinge knee, thanks to which the height of the sprinkler will be adjusted. Similarly, all parts of the system are mounted.

The next step is to install the nozzles in the sprinklers. To do this, unwind the tumbler, remove the upper part, compress the spring on the sprinkler and insert the nozzle into a special hole. It is necessary to press it easily so that it enters the sprinkler itself. To check the correct location of the nozzle need to release the spring. If the element has risen to the very top, it means that it is installed correctly. Next, you need to turn the nozzle screw in a clockwise direction with a special key.

Sprinklers can be configured to irrigate only the required area.

Now it is possible to attach sprinklers to the hinged knees. Then you should bury the trench, leaving the location of sprinklers. Sprinklers need to be leveled to the ground by controlling the hinged knee. Next, the sprinklers are instilled. The earth around the elements must be carefully tamped.

Important! The upper part of the sprinkler should not be located above the bottom line of the level that is located on the ground.

Then a solenoid valve is installed in the direction of fluid flow, as indicated by a special arrow on the device body. A pipeline running from the valve to the water supply system or pumping station is being connected. Mounted software controller, through which you can automate the system by adjusting its work for a particular mode. The entire system is checked for performance.

Scheme of installation of automatic watering of a lawn on a site

Drip irrigation as a type of autowatering system in the country

The drip polivalk for the garden is the most popular type of irrigation today. It is advisable to arrange it in small areas with parallel planting. This is the most economical option for irrigation, since water is supplied to garden crops in a drip way. It is advisable to arrange such automatic watering at low pressure in the irrigation system.

As a source of water supply is used cumulative water tank, located at a certain height. A main pipeline is fed to the tank, which diverts water to the distribution hoses parallel to each other. Drip automatic watering with their own hands is applied to berry and garden crops, shrubs, trees and flowers. Such a system is often equipped in small greenhouses, in flower beds and in vegetable gardens.

Today it is possible to buy a ready-made kit, which necessarily includes a timer, sensor, pressure gauge and thermometer, and you can also complete the system yourself. To do this, you will need a trunk pipeline with a diameter of or 1 inch and hoses with thin walls, in the structure of which mini-holes are made. For these purposes, it is recommended to purchase the flowing type of element. Hoses are stacked along each row with cultures on the ground surface. You should also stock up with a mesh filter and a timer or controller for autowatering.

Drip irrigation is usually used to moisten the root zones of the plant.

The design of the automatic irrigation system is based on a previously developed scheme. At the first stage, the line is laid with a certain downward slope for subsequent cleaning and draining the system for the winter. With the help of fittings are performed parallel branches. The ends of the hoses must be closed with plugs.

Helpful advice! Hoses and pipes are recommended to be placed on the ground on special supports or pegs.

As a source of water supply for drip irrigation, a capacity of a certain volume is used, which is selected on the basis of the number of green spaces. At the outlet of the tank filter is installed, then the controller or timer. Further the main pipeline is connected. After the installation of the system is completed, it is tested. Then you should set the timer or controller for the required frequency and duration of watering.

For the distribution of water to the tank connects the main pipe, from which the branches follow to the irrigation points

The organization of the soil for the garden

Intra-soil irrigation system is used in small summer cottages. Also, it is advisable to arrange for greenhouses. This is a fairly economical option that does not need a lot of water pressure in the system and can work safely due to the difference in height between the two interconnected tanks. Underground basal irrigation ensures minimal water loss and prevents evaporation.

The disadvantage of the in-soil irrigation system with their own hands is the likelihood of quick clogging and time-consuming installation. On the planted plantation, it is problematic to arrange intra-root irrigation, since the root system of green plantings can be damaged.

Such irrigation is convenient to organize for perennial plants that need constant moisture. Water of a comfortable temperature comes to the roots slowly and evenly, which contributes to the constant maintenance of moisture in the soil.

The controller allows you to set the time, strength and frequency of watering

Installation of the system is carried out similarly to the above options for autowatering. Here you will need a plastic or metal pipe for the main pipeline, a perforated hose for branches, a pump, a controller and a filter. The pipes are laid in a pre-prepared trench with plastic wrap, laid on its bottom.

A pump is connected to the storage tank. Next, a filter and controller are installed, and the main pipeline is connected. Automation of the garden watering system with their own hands consists in turning the pump unit on and off at a certain time. The following parameters are optimal for subsurface irrigation: head - 0.3 m, water speed - 0.2 l / s. 3-4 days after the launch of the system it is necessary to excavate the soil in several places and check the degree of its moisture.

Which is better to buy automatic watering for greenhouses: an overview of popular kits

Those who do not want to engage in self-selection of elements for the irrigation system, can buy automatic irrigation in finished form. One of the most popular options for the implementation of drip irrigation is the system “Aquadusia”. It is designed for an area of ​​up to 5 m². The maximum watering time is 1 hour.

Auto-irrigation systems have sensors that measure moisture and are therefore turned off when it rains.

The kit includes hoses, droppers and a controller that runs on ordinary batteries. With the help of "Aquadusi" you can organize watering for 50 plants. The system is easy to use and can be mounted independently, without the involvement of specialists, which is carried out on the basis of detailed instructions that come with the product. The term of operation of autowatering is at least 5 years. You can buy the system for 5400 rubles.

Another popular model of automatic irrigation for greenhouses, which can be bought for 6500 rubles, is the “Beetle” kit. The name of the radical drip system comes from the appearance of the location of the hose, resembling an insect. The model is characterized by a simple design that even a novice master can assemble. The system is designed for watering 60 plants on an area of ​​18 m². But there is a greenhouse option, designed for 30 plants on an area of ​​6 m².

Helpful advice! The system can be increased by additionally buying irrigation lines in the store.

Installation and connection of the drip system for automatic irrigation from the “Beetle” tank

The auto-fill “Beetle” consists of trunk pipelines and small branches arranged in pairs opposite to each other, at the ends of which there are sinusoidal droppers, which prevents their clogging. The kit may not include a timer, which requires an additional purchase of the device. The system is equipped with a filter that automatically purifies water from mechanical impurities. Automatic watering is connected to the tap of the centralized water supply network or to a water-measuring barrel, which is usually located at an altitude of up to 4 m. Watering can last up to 2 hours with an interval from 1 to 160 hours.

Characteristics of options for automatic lawn irrigation systems

The leading position among manufacturers of automatic irrigation systems is Hunter, which offers a wide range of components for irrigation of both small areas and commercial sites. In the manufacturer's catalogs are presented as ready-made fully automated irrigation systems of high productivity, as well as various devices intended for self-assembly of the scheme. Buy an automatic irrigation system designed for 20 m², on average, you can for 50,000 rubles.

Hanter irrigation systems are divided into fan and rotor

Sprinklers are presented in two types: fan and rotor. The first option has a simple design and simple principle of operation. Nozzles for such products are made of high-quality plastic, therefore they are characterized by durability and reliability. For fan sprinklers, round, striped, adjustable and unregulated elements can be purchased. Rotary dozhdevatel differ in a difficult design. Water flow is controlled due to the special location of the head, which is determined by the required radius. Irrigation with the help of sprinklers can be carried out on an area of ​​from 1 to 30 m.

Hunter's autowatering controllers and sensors perform various tasks that are determined at the programming stage. The devices are powered from the network or batteries. Controls can be selected for both outdoor and indoor installation.

Advanced automatic watering control system allows you to programmatically manage all functions.

No less popular irrigation system is the automatic irrigation of Gardena. The composition of the finished kit includes a controller, plastic pipes and sprinklers. The system is designed for irrigation of up to 380 m². Это осуществляется благодаря выдвижным турбодождевателям, на которых регулируется дальность полива.

Контроллер оснащен датчиком дождя и влажности, вследствие чего проверяется влажностный режим окружающей среды и почвы. Цена автополива, рассчитанного на 20 м², составляет 60 000 руб.
The organization of an automatic watering system for a vegetable garden, garden, lawn or greenhouse allows you to rationally use water and at the same time saturate the soil with the necessary amount of moisture that is required for the normal growth of green spaces. Depending on the type of plants and the area of ​​the territory, you can independently organize one of the varieties of the automatic irrigation system that is most suitable for specific conditions, having studied in detail the features of its installation.

Choosing a water supply source

We provide instructions for installing two irrigation systems: a large-scale automatic using a programmable controller and a modest non-automated, equipped on the basis of a barrel.

Before embarking on any of the two systems under consideration, it is necessary to select a water source and suitable pumping equipment for a specific situation. Water can be taken from:

  • main water supply. The most convenient option. If your house is equipped with its own water supply, it suffices to simply plug the main watering system pipe into it. No pumps need to be installed in most situations,
  • wells. Requires the installation of a submersible or surface (depending on the depth of the source) pump

Draw a plan

Let's start with the registration plan of the site. On the scale, we shall designate on it the main elements of our estate: a house, a veranda, a porch, an outdoor stove, etc. - so we can determine the allowable area of ​​the sprinklers.

On the scheme we mark the point of intake. If there are several water sources and they are located in different places of the site, we choose a crane located approximately in the middle. In this situation, we can provide approximately equal length of irrigation lines.

Choosing an irrigation method

In this example, the system is equipped for irrigation of a large lawn and several beds, as well as a plot with shrubs and trees. You can adjust the layout to suit your site.

Part of the lawn and flower beds will be watered with retractable sprinklers. When turned on, they rise above the surface, and after completion of irrigation, they descend and become almost imperceptible.

For the second part of our plot, this type of irrigation is not suitable: the plantations are too high, and the width of the plot is small.

Important note! It is not recommended to use dozhdevatel for watering of sites which width makes less than 2 m. Such devices have too large a range, which can cause a number of inconveniences.

For watering this part of the plantings, we lay a drip line. It is a pipe of the required length with openings arranged along its entire length. This pipe can be buried or simply lay between the beds.

We make the scheme of watering

We note on the plan of our site the installation points of the sprinklers and the radii of their coverage. We adhere to this design procedure:

  • in the corners of the plot we install sprinklers for irrigation at 90 degrees,
  • along the boundaries of the territory, we install devices that irrigate the space 180 degrees around it,
  • At the corners of the plot near various buildings and structures, we install sprinklers at 270 degrees,
  • on the area we establish the devices watering by 360 degrees.

We select the number of sprinklers in such a way that the radii of the cover of the devices installed alongside intersect. With this arrangement of devices, no plant will be deprived of moisture. However, this method is relevant only for large areas that have the correct shape.

In our example, the area of ​​the site is relatively small, while it has a narrow strip along the apartment building. Therefore, we draft in the following order:

  • First, note the installation sites of sprinklers with the greatest radius of action. We will use them for watering the main part of the garden,
  • on the narrow side of the plot we mark places for sprinklers with a more modest irrigation radius,
  • in places where sprinklers do not reach, we plan to install a drip line.

Important! Recheck the project. Make sure that all plantings will receive water.

We check water intake for throughput

The finished plan allows us to set the required number of sprinklers. However, before installing the system, we need to find out if the performance of the water supply source is sufficient for efficiently servicing the installed system. We do this as follows:

    take a meter hose with a diameter of about 2 cm and connect it to a water source,

Now we determine whether the water intake can ensure the simultaneous operation of all planned irrigation lines. The need of the sprinklers remains the same and is determined according to the area of ​​their coverage. In our example, we set:

  • 180 degree devices with a coverage area of ​​up to 200 m 2 - 2 pieces. The need of each device for water is 12, in the total - 24,
  • 270 degrees sprinklers with a coverage area of ​​up to 200 m 2 - 2 pieces. The need of each is 14, total - 28,
  • device 180 degrees with a coating up to 50 m 2 - 1 piece. Need - 7,
  • device at 270 degrees with a coating up to 50 m 2 - 1. Need - 9,
  • sprinkler at 90 degrees with a coverage area of ​​up to 50 m 2 - 1. Water demand - 6.

In total, the need of our irrigation devices for water is 74. The water intake is able to produce only 60. It will not be possible to connect all devices to one line for simultaneous use. To solve the problem, we make two lines of sprinklers. One will be used to service large devices, the other - for small ones.

For drip irrigation do the third line. It requires individual control, because the main lines are switched on for about half an hour every day, and the drip lines should work for at least 40-50 minutes, depending on the soil characteristics and the needs of the plantations.

Connect the drip line and sprinklers to a common line can not be. With such an arrangement of the system will either be too abundantly watered area serviced by sprinklers, or the area with drip irrigation will not be able to receive liquid in sufficient volume.

Automating the system

To regulate the operation of the system, we install a programmable controller. With the help of this device, we will be able to adjust the time on and off irrigation. For the safety of the device it is recommended to install it indoors, for example, in the basement.

Near the water supply valve, we install an inlet column for connecting the system, as well as a special wiring box to accommodate the shut-off valves according to the number of irrigation lines. We have 3 of them. Each valve is connected to the controller using a two-wire cable. From the valves we take one irrigation line. Such an arrangement of the system will allow it to be programmed to switch on each irrigation line separately.

We arranged the lines as follows:

  • one was taken to power the large sprinklers. For the manufacture of the line itself, 19-mm pipes were used, for pipes to sprinklers - pipes of 16-mm diameter,
  • the second was allowed onto small sprinklers serving an area of ​​up to 50 m 2. Pipes used are similar,
  • the third line was allocated for drip irrigation. For the manufacture of this line used a 19-mm tube. Next, we connected a special drip tube to it. It is made in the form of two closed loops. We connected the end of the drip pipe to the feed pipe.

To improve the efficiency of irrigation, we have included a rain sensor in the system. It will not allow irrigation to be included during precipitation. The sensor is connected to the controller according to the enclosed instructions. Directly controllers in most cases are included in an ordinary outlet, which is very convenient.

We connect and set up watering

First step. We place irrigation elements on the site and connect them together with the help of special connectors and splitters. We make sure that the earth does not fall into the pipes.

The second step. We connect the assembled system to the water supply and do a test run. We put sprinklers in the right directions. If everything is in order, proceed to the excavation.

The third step. Digging along the pipeline 200-250-mm ditch.

Fourth step. Cover the bottom of the trench with a layer of rubble. The backfill will take over the functions of a drainage pad, which ensures the discharge of water residues.

Fifth step. Carefully lay the pipes and other elements of the system in a ditch.

Sixth step. We carry out backfilling of a trench.

Seventh step. Turn on the system to check. We regulate sprinklers.

The eighth step. We program the controller to turn irrigation on and off at the required time. Remember: the lines should work alternately, they can be turned on at the same time only with sufficient capacity of the water intake.

Watering is connected and configured. We can take it into continuous operation. In the future, we regularly check the condition and correctness of the elements of the irrigation system.

Budget irrigation option

There is no need for arrangement of large-scale automatic irrigation? Then use a simple barrels-based budget option.

First step

We make a stand for the barrel. We use the profiled pipe or channel. The optimum height of the support is 1.5-2 m. Support legs must be tilted to each other at such an angle that the dimensions of the upper frame allow us to stably stack our barrel. We join the supports with horizontal jumpers at the bottom, in the middle and at the top. We dig 70-80-centimeter pits for the installation of supports, expose the structure, we fall asleep 10-15 cm in height of each pit with crushed stone and pour concrete. Important! At the time of solidification of concrete fix support struts.

Second step

Cooking water tank. Any whole and not rusty barrel will do. At the top of the barrel we cut in the hose connection. Through it, the barrel will be filled with water. Connect the second end of the hose to the water intake. In the lower part we also arrange the branch pipe. To him we connect a hose for watering. Both hoses are equipped with taps to turn the water on and off. We lay the barrel on the support. For greater reliability, we fasten it with clamps, bolts and nuts.

Fourth step

We collect irrigation system. The easiest and most convenient option is to buy a ready-made kit for arranging drip irrigation. Also, such a system can be made independently. To do this, it is enough to prepare the required number of pipes or hoses, make holes along their length, connect the elements into a single system using connectors and splitters, and then connect to the hose coming out of the barrel.

The principle of operation of such irrigation is extremely simple: you open the tap on the outlet hose, the water rushes through all the ramifications, comes out through the holes and waters the plantations.

Characteristics of autowatering systems

There are many advantages to this solution: the gardener not only gets more free time, but also can save on water consumptionthat will only benefit the plants, because it allows to increase the yield and improve the appearance of the plants.

However, success in this matter largely depends on how often and how much watering will be carried out. Realizing the usefulness of this invention, many gardeners turn to specialized companies that offer automatic irrigation systems.

However, gardeners who have “golden hands” often decide to make an automatic watering with their own hands. The most important is the use of automatic irrigation systems for those owners who own large rural areas in their property.

Those who have had experience using automatic irrigation systems note many advantages at autowatering:

  • The choice of watering time for which you can set the desired interval of work.
  • Proper installation of the system gives confidence that after the next watering on the ground does not form a crust, and this will provide the root system of plants with sufficient oxygen.
  • With proper determination of the locations of irrigation contours, the summer resident can be sure that even the most difficult-to-reach areas will be provided with moisture.

Among all the advantages that the humidification system provides, the main thing to mention is that when using an automatic irrigation system, water consumption is reduced.

Indeed, thanks to her, water is delivered directly to the roots of plants, so the summer resident does not have to pour water on empty tracts of land. The competent organization of watering plants allows several times increase cropthat can be seen already in the first year of using this system.

Disadvantages of an automatic irrigation system

However, such irrigation systems can not be called ideal because of the presence of certain disadvantages. Of course, you will save if you decide to carry out all the work yourself.

However, you still need to spend some money to purchase special equipment and materials. The cost of individual components, as a rule, is lower than ready-made autowatering systems.

However, it is possible to properly assemble these elements only if the person has experience as a mechanic and electrician.

A serious problem can be for the cottager. malfunctions water supply system or its complete absence on the site. But here you can find a solution - to repair the water supply, and if this possibility is not considered, then alternative water sources can be used.

Autowatering: types and possibilities

There are many commercially available systems for organizing automatic irrigation in the country, which can be made independently. All of them differ in the purposes of use: drip irrigation, sprinkling, subsurface irrigation.

Drip irrigation. The drip irrigation system is beneficial in that it allows to achieve the minimum water consumption. The main elements for its manufacture are polypropylene and plastic pipes, rubber hoses that are installed between rows of flowers, plants or beds.

They are laid as you can closer to landingin order to ensure the maximum amount of water that will flow to the root system. To supply water to the ground, special droppers are provided that are built in along the entire length of the pipe.

As a result, with this method of watering the leaves and stems remain dry, and this is undoubtedly a plus for the plants, since they will not get burned in the sun.

The minimum water consumption when using the automatic drip irrigation system is ensured by the fact that water flows directly to the irrigation site.

As a result of this, it is not spent on irrigation of another unnecessary area. All this goes only into the hand of the summer resident, since it prolongs the work resource systems, and also allows to save on a water consumption.

Sprinkling

Automatic irrigation systems operating on the principle of sprinkling are also often used by many summer residents. When using moisture goes to plants in the form of splashes, evenly covering the entire area.

The effectiveness of this system is ensured by the fact that not only the soil receives a sufficient amount of moisture, but it also manages to maintain an optimum level of air humidity. In such conditions, plants are provided optimal development conditions, therefore, they easily restore the turgor of leaves in extreme heat.

But when using this method of watering, the summer resident will have to keep an eye out for the moisture to go into the ground. Uncontrolled use of the method can lead to the fact that after sufficient soil moistening, puddles start to appear on its surface, and after they dry out, an earth crust.

As a result, the plants will receive much less oxygen. Also note that this method is best used. in the evening or early in the morningwhen the sun warms not so much. This will help protect the plants from burns.

This method of watering attracts the attention of many gardeners and the fact that it allows, along with watering conduct liquid dressings. Because of this feature, such auto-irrigation systems are most prevalent in lawn care.

Subsoil irrigation

A less common option is the method of subsurface irrigation, which is also different great complexity in implementation. Most likely, an ordinary summer resident will not be able to make it himself.

After all, this system refers to the specialized options for automatic irrigation, which is used to irrigate specific plantations or ornamental trees. When using this method, moisture comes in the same way as in the case of drip irrigation systems.

Difference is to use fine perforation pipes, providing water to the soil, which are buried in close proximity to plants.

Therefore, if this irrigation system is properly organized, then all plants will be provided with moisture in sufficient quantity, while the soil surface will remain dry all the time.

This, in turn, eliminates the appearance of an earth crust, which will allow providing the root system of plants and oxygen in sufficient quantities throughout the entire summer season.

Думая о том, какой вариант системы автоматического полива выбрать для своего участка, весьма полезно сперва изучить информацию о том, для каких растений наиболее эффективно использовать конкретный метод полива.

Для ухода за цветами, деревьями и газонами рекомендуется использовать дождевальные установки. In this case, water to the irrigation site will come from special sprinklers.

Watering with drip systems is most effective when caring for shrubs, flowerbeds, alpine slides and hedges. You can use them and during the cultivation of seedlings in greenhouses, as well as the care of plants in the garden.

Installation of a drip system - what is needed for this

Only owners who have a water supply system at the site can use the automatic irrigation system. In his absence, these goals can be adapted any capacity, which will have to be installed at a height of not less than 1.5 meters above the ground.

If you can’t fulfill this condition and you don’t have the opportunity to install them yourself, however, there is a small reservoir next to you, then you can turn it in alternative to plumbing.

The standard automatic irrigation system is equipped with the following main components:

  • drip tape
  • pressure regulator
  • controller,
  • distribution pipe and various fittings.

Drip tape, as a rule, made in the form thin-walled PVC pipewhich begins to round at the moment when water flows through it.

From the inside to her droppers are connectedplaced at equal distance from each other. In determining this interval, the type of plants that need irrigation is taken into account.

In cases where water comes from the city’s water supply, it may be necessary pressure regulator. If water flows with drops, this can lead to the deformation of the pipe, and with increasing pressure there is a danger of its rupture.

The controller is designed as an electronic unit, and its main task is to provide automatic configuration of the system.

This element greatly simplifies the operation of automatic irrigation systems, since, thanks to the available programs, it is possible to determine the optimal time intervals and automate the process of inclusion system at a specified time, without requiring human intervention.

In cases where you need to make an automatic irrigation system for irrigation of several plots of, say, flower beds located at a certain distance from each other, then to use the system you will need separation pipe.

The owner can choose one of the following laying methods - above or below the ground. As a rule, pipes with a cross section of 3.2 cm are used for such tasks.

In the process of assembling automatic irrigation systems as a connecting element fittings are used. They are necessary for the installation of each section, starting from the place of water supply and ending with the watering place.

Device of system of autowatering

To automate the irrigation system for the dacha, you can use the controller, which can operate on the network or batteries. Using the latest power supply option is not very unprofitable due to the limited resource of work.

Therefore, it is desirable to purchasemore expensive modelspowered by direct current. Their installation is recommended in places where they will be provided with special conditions. This could be, for example, a basement or a shed.

The main thing is that they are as close as possible to the supply valve or water tank. If we talk about the technical equipment of the installation site, then you will need to install special mounting boxIn which will be all the valves and electrical appliances.

However, not all gardeners are willing to spend big money on the purchase of an expensive system to water the flowers in the country. In this case, you can save and make it yourself. Then you have to turn off the feed valve at the right time.

As a result, the water will begin to flow by gravity, however, this will have to do some work:

  1. You will need a fairly large tank, which must be installed at a height of not less than 1.5-2 meters above the ground.
  2. The automation system will be replaced by the law of physics, when water from the tank begins to flow under the influence of pressure.
  3. In cases where it is difficult to organize the flow of water by drift, you can install a pressure regulator.

Automatic watering system can be equipped certain control devicesWith the help of which you can set the schedule of automatic watering of plants during the whole summer season.

So, you save yourself from unnecessary time-consuming work, with the result that you do not have to go to the country every day to water the beds and flower beds. Instead, you only need to come to your site 1-2 times a week to make sure that the system is working and that there is enough water in the tanks or that there is no malfunction in the water supply system.

Each summer resident on personal experience knows how difficult it is to maintain a personal plot. After all, you have to solve many issues, including regularly watering garden crops.

However, you can save yourself from this time-consuming work, if you organize a watering system with your own hands. There are several such systems, and each has its own merits.

Therefore, in order not to be mistaken with the choice, it is necessary to determine in order to water any plants you need an irrigation system. After that, if you have certain skills, you will need to purchase the necessary components and to build an autowatering system in the country with their own hands for use.