Hortensia paniculata "Wims Red" was bred relatively recently. Despite this, gardeners all over the world appreciated the magnificent decorative qualities of this plant.
Wim’s Red Hydrangea paniculata looks interesting in both group and single landing. Beautiful and elegant shrub is used to decorate lawns, gardens, front gardens, as well as to create original compositions in combination with other plants.
Description and characteristics of hydrangea "vims red"
Of the numerous family of paniculate hydrangeas, Weems Red is one of the most short-growing. It does not exceed one and a half meters in height. The branches of the shrub are scattered to the sides quite widely, which always looks very impressive. A feature of this variety are huge inflorescences (up to 40 cm in length). They have a narrow pyramidal shape.
Flowers fertile and sterile in the ratio of 50:50. Sterile flowers are usually four-lobed, with a diameter of from five to seven centimeters. The diameter of the flowers is one-dimensional along the length of the brush; this circumstance gives the openwork to the inflorescence. At the beginning of flowering, the bush is covered with snow-white flowers, then they turn pink, and in autumn they turn to wine-red color. But the most remarkable thing about them is an extraordinary fragrance. When hydrangea "vims red" blooms, the air is filled with the smell of honey. But this is not all its advantages.
Hortensia “vims ed”, the description of which is periodically printed by all publications on gardening and floriculture, has large dark green leaves with a reddish tint. But they are especially good in the fall, when a metallic luster appears on the leaves, which gradually turns into shades of purple, bronze, cherry, yellow and orange. Shoots have a rich dark red tint. Blooms hydrangea paniculata "vims red" every year on last year's shoots.
When to plant a hydrangea?
The first step is to determine the time of planting shrubs. This can be done both in early spring and autumn. However, experts believe that hydrangea planted in autumn is developing more actively. Planting and care are almost the same depending on the season. Just over the summer, the sapling will get stronger, it will have more chances to survive in any climatic conditions.
Hydrangea: planting and care in the open field
For this variety of hydrangea, the composition of the soil in which it develops is important. Neutral or acidic soils are preferred. The soil should be fertile, with sufficient moisture and well drained. It should be noted that in the acidic soil the color of the inflorescences is always brighter.
Before planting, prepare a pit with a depth of at least 40 cm and 50x50 cm in length and width. Landing takes two days. On the first day you need to dig a hole into which you should pour three buckets of water. In this state, it is left until morning. For further development of the plant, it is important that the soil is well soaked with moisture.
On the second day, you need to do fertilizer for seedlings. As a rule, the soil mixture consists of equal parts of fertile soil, peat. Separately mixed humus and sand. Then the compositions are mixed in a ratio of 2: 1. Now superphosphate, potassium sulphate and urea should be added to the mixture. These organic fertilizers are very important for this variety.
The resulting soil mixture is practically filled to the top of the pit, leaving about 10-15 cm. It is time to plant a seedling, the roots of which need to be straightened and prikopat remaining after creating the pit with earth. A little big effort will require hydrangea planted in autumn. Planting and care in the open field will be complemented by a sapling shelter for the winter. This must be done on a mandatory basis, despite the fact that the plant is frost-resistant.
Hortensia "Weems Red" prefers penumbra. But sometimes such planting is fraught with loss of brightness of the inflorescences. As a rule, this happens due to insufficiently prepared soil. Many growers believe that this variety develops beautifully on a sunny plot, but on condition that the bush is protected from the wind.
No matter how unpretentious the plant may be, without the active participation of the gardener, it will not give all the beauty that breeders put into one or another variety. Hydrangea "vims ed" will require the gardener to fulfill three conditions for growth and development:
- This exquisite beauty does not like to be in direct sunlight.
- Reproduction of the shrub produced either layering or grafting.
- It is necessary to use growth stimulants.
Planted shrubs should be watered abundantly so that the root system is more easily adapted to the new terrain. In strong heat, watering is carried out at the rate of 30 liters of water per 1 m² of soil. Such abundant watering should be done every seven days. In rainy time, the volume and frequency of its reduced.
Gardeners need to remember that the soil under the ornamental shrub should always be wet. To achieve this, you can resort to mulching sawdust soil around the plant. It is recommended to add a little manganese to the settled water intended for irrigation so that it turns a light pink color.
If you want your hydrangea “vims red” to bloom actively and abundantly, you need to feed the bush. The first feeding should be carried out in the spring, during the formation of inflorescences. At this time, most suitable organic fertilizers, slurry, for example.
A second dressing is needed during budding. In this case, suit various means, which include superphosphates, potassium and urea.
The third dressing is carried out by the mineral fertilizer complex. Its time depends largely on the degree of flowering of the plant. Note, if the buds bloom completely, then it's time for the third feeding. This procedure will significantly increase the flowering period of hydrangea.
The fourth dressing is carried out during the preparation of the plant for the winter. During this period, it is necessary to use special chemical compositions for hydrangeas, which today can be easily purchased in specialized stores.
Beginner gardeners need to remember that hydrangea "Wems Red" needs to be fed. Only with the use of organic and mineral fertilizers you will be able to achieve active growth and timely abundant and prolonged flowering of the bush, which will delight you with huge fragrant inflorescences all summer.
Requires trimming the bush and during the preparation for the winter. In this case, the gardener has a goal to rejuvenate the shrub, so old, damaged shoots are removed. Cut them in such a way that the stumps are 5-6 cm long.
In order for the blooming of your hydrangea to be more vivid, in the spring, before the beginning of the growing season, it is necessary to conduct a competent pruning. In addition, this procedure will give an accurate correct shape to the plant during the period of flowering and growth. In the spring, select five to ten strong and healthy shoots on each bush. Reduce their length so that there are no more than five buds left.
Hydrangea can be propagated in three ways:
We will not even consider the first method: the seeds of the plants are very small, they do not sprout too amicably, besides, you can get a fully-flowering shrub no earlier than four years later.
Much more efficient is the development of hydrangea "vims red", propagated by cuttings. Remain after the autumn pruning of the branches set in the water for three days. After that, it is necessary to cut the cuttings out of them in such a way that each of them has at least three internodes. Process the lower cut of the cutting with a growth stimulator and plant it indoors in ordinary pots by 2/3.
As a rule, seedlings are kept in room conditions until spring. After the outdoor temperature becomes stable above zero, the plant can be planted in open ground at a permanent place.
Hortensia in winter
Many gardeners believe that the hydrangea “wims ed” is very beautiful in winter, when large inflorescences that are not cut off in autumn cover the caps of fluffy snow. However, professional growers do not agree with this opinion. They believe that all inflorescences must be removed in late autumn. The fact is that gusts of winter wind and freezing rain can break down thin branches of a plant, especially if the remaining inflorescences are covered with snow.
Despite the ability of this variety to easily tolerate mild winters, it is better to harbor shrubs. For an adult plant it is not at all necessary to use covering material. It is necessary only for a young seedling. Adult shrubs do not need it. It is necessary to cover only the root system.
You can use the following methods:
- Around the shrub can be decomposed with a thin layer of rotted manure.
- Suitable for shelter peat or fallen leaves. In this case, the covering layer must be at least 20 cm.
In the northern areas, if you fear for the young branches, build a frame around the hydrangea and cover it with a thick plastic wrap. He will hold the snow and create a greenhouse for the plant.
Most flower lovers from different regions of our country believe that the best variety of the currently existing ones is hydrangea "wems red". Reviews of this plant are enthusiastic: bright magnificent bloom, divine fragrance, simple care - all this makes it extremely popular in our country. The disadvantages flower growers of the northern regions include only the need for winter shelter.
Briefly about culture
The Western world first met the hydrangea in 1789, when the English botanist D. Banks brought the first seedling from China. Since 1900, the selection work began and after 60 years, 100 new hydrangea varieties were bred.
The bulk of the types of hydrangeas - shrubs that grow up to three meters. It is these species that are cultivated. Bloom the whole warm period. The flowers are small, collected in a brush spherical or conical shape. There are two types of flowers:
- Fruitful - small, located in the middle of the inflorescence.
- Barren - large, located on the periphery.
Hydrangeas like light areas, but are sensitive to bright sunlight, do not tolerate drought. They should be watered regularly, but not bogged down.
Hortensia Weems Red
Hortensia Red Wings was created by German breeder Wim Rutten a few years ago. Unusual flowering immediately brought shrubs to gardeners' favorites. Panicled hydrangea Wims red forms a shrub up to 1.5 meters in height. The width of its willow spreads far enough, forming a kind of ball with a diameter of up to 2 m. In a year it grows by 20-25 cm. The branches are painted in an unusual burgundy color.
The inflorescences are large, reach a length of 40 cm, openwork. Fruit and sterile flowers develop in the ratio of 50 to 50. The flowers are large, up to 7 cm in diameter. The shape of the brush resembles a narrow pyramid. A characteristic feature of this variety is a tricolor bloom. During flowering, all the space around is filled with the scent of honey. Inflorescences are formed on the shoots of this year.
Interesting! At the beginning of flowering hydrangea Wim s red is white, gradually the flowers turn pink. And at the end of flowering the flowers become crimson.
The leaves of this shrub are dark green, shaped like an egg. In the fall, they are painted in purple, red, yellow colors with a metallic sheen. Even after the flowers fall, the bush looks great.
The roots of the bush are located in the top layer of soil and are not able to deliver water from the deep layers of the earth to the plant. This causes the characteristics of plant care, described below.
An adult hydrangea can survive frosts of up to −30 C. In the middle zone of Russia it winters without shelter. But despite the winter hardiness, young shoots up to two years for the winter should be covered.
The plant does not like direct sunlight, grows well in partial shade. It is important to shelter the Wims Red from the north wind; it is better to plant the plant not in the open area, but in the north from the wind.
This beauty is propagated vegetatively. For this, either rooting cuttings, or cuttings are cut. After the formation of the roots in both cases, you can transplant a young bush to a new place.
Hortensia Red is sensitive to soil composition. It is best suited acidic or neutral soils. Land for planting seedlings should be fertile, light, without stagnant water.
Attention! When grown on acidic soils, Wim’s Red hydrangea blooms brighter.
Propagate this species mainly cuttings. For planting a bush should dig a hole 40 cm deep and size 50 × 50. Three buckets of water are poured into it and the landing is carried out the next day. Before disembarking, the prepared well is filled with a mixture of earth and peat, humus and sand. Superphosphate, potassium sulphate and urea are added to the prepared primer. The hole should be filled with this mixture almost to the top. Sapling carefully removed from the pot, straighten the roots and sprinkle with the remaining soil.
Although hydrangea Williams Red is unpretentious, it takes a little effort to reveal all the beauty of a gardener. There are 3 important aspects of care to do:
According to the description, hydrangea Wim s red is moisture-loving. For one square meter of the wells should be poured 30 liters of water. So it is necessary to water the bush profusely once in seven days. Whatever the soil dries out quickly, it is mulched with straw or sawdust.
Important! In rainy weather, watering is reduced. Hydrangea, though moisture-loving, does not tolerate overwetting.
For abundant flowering shrub requires good feeding. The first time organic fertilizers are applied during the formation of brushes. It can be dung, compost or humus. The second time they apply fertilizers, which include phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. The second feeding time coincides with the ripening of flowers. To extend flowering plants after full disclosure of flowers, hydrangea is fed a third time. At this time, make complex mineral fertilizers. During the preparation of the bush for the winter spend the fourth feeding. At this time, using special formulations for hydrangeas, sold in stores.
Only carrying out timely top-dressings can grow a strong, healthy and beautiful shrub.
The main pruning is carried out twice a year. The first - in the spring, before the start of sap flow. At this time, the remaining brushes are trimmed, the shape of a shrub is made. The second is before winter. It should be cut out the old, damaged shoots. This procedure will rejuvenate the shrub.
Important! Young bushes can not be pruned. Shrub formation begins in the third or fourth year.
Diseases and pests
The most common panicle hydrangea disease is chlorosis. Most often occurs on alkaline soils. To return the color of the leaves, iron chelate is used for foliar feeding. Apply the drug once a week. For the prevention of this disease in the hole near the plant you can drip iron things - nails, horseshoes.
With the defeat of white rot bush grows brown, there are signs of decay. The leaves are covered with a “web”. For the treatment of this disease used phytosporin.
The appearance of yellow-green spots on the leaves indicates powdery mildew. Over time, damaged areas become brown.
On a note! If such a sheet is turned over, the reverse side will have a metallic tint.
If there are no buds on the bush, and irregular, blurry ring-shaped spots appeared on the leaves - the plant is painfully ringed by hydrangea. This disease is not treated. The plant is destroyed.
Does not bypass the hydrangea and aphid. It can be detected by curled apical leaves. If such a leaf is unfolded, there will be aphid on the back. Some gardeners recommend washing it off with soapy water using a sponge. But it will be much more effective to treat the plant with insecticide.
Untreated plants can suffer from anthracnose, spider mites, and the Colorado potato beetle. In order not to think that it was the plant that was struck, they carry out preventive treatment of the bushes with fungicides like Skor, Maxim, Horus, Aktar.
Landscape: use in decorating the garden, flower beds
This colorful shrub looks favorably both in a group and when growing a single plant. Often it is used to create contrasting beds. Remarkably, it looks surrounded by conifers and other evergreen shrubs.
With the help of hydrangea, we can arrange a hedge or alley to the house. Such use of the plant will allow you to get a beautiful landscape accent and fill the air around with a delicate aroma with honey notes.
Despite care requirements, paniculized hydrangea is available for planting on a private plot. If you follow the rules of care, she will thank for a long, lush and incredibly beautiful flowering.
Optimum landing time
Hydrangea can be planted both in spring and autumn, but experienced gardeners recommend planting plants in early spring, as it will have time to adapt and strengthen the root system for winter. Especially this advice is relevant for the northern regions, where during the autumn planting a sapling may not suffer a harsh winter.
Site selection and lighting
Важно правильно выбрать участок для посадки. Высаженная в тени, гортензия будет чувствовать себя хорошо, но может немного потерять яркость окраски.
Идеальным будет такой участок, где растение будет получать много солнечного света, но в полуденную жару гортензии все-таки нужно притенение. The sun is especially necessary for the plant in the morning, so if you can, plant a bush on the east side of the plot.
Hydrangea Wim`s Red prefers a sour soil, therefore adding lime, chalk, and dolomite flour to the soil is contraindicated. To create a soil mix, mix fertile land, humus, peat and sand (2: 2: 1: 1) and add such mineral fertilizers there:
- 65 g of superphosphate,
- 25 g of urea,
- 25 grams of potassium sulfate.
It is very useful to bring in the same spruce or pine needles, which additionally acidify the earth.
Dig a hole 50 cm wide and 50 cm long and 60 cm deep, but not less than 40 cm (depth depends on the size of the seedling's root system). In the evening, pour 2-3 buckets of water into the well and leave it until morning.
In the morning, fill in the deepening of the above-described soil mixture almost completely, leaving 15 cm to the edge. Planting is done as follows:
- Before planting the roots of a seedling, shorten its roots slightly, this technique allows you to get a more abundant flowering.
- Annual shoots should also be cut, leaving 3-5 buds on them.
- Straighten the roots and place in the recess, and top it with earth, remaining after creating the hole.
- If you plant several plants at once, then leave a distance of at least 1.4 m between them, since the growing bushes will expand greatly in width.
Important! Put on gloves before working on hydrangea: all parts of this plant contain toxic substances, so precaution will not interfere.
All hydrangeas are demanding on soil moisture, so the ground around a bush should never dry out. Once every 7 days water the plant at the rate of 30 liters per 1 square meter. soil (in rainy weather, the amount of water should be reduced). It is recommended to water with separated water, in which it is recommended to dissolve some potassium permanganate before obtaining a light pink color.
Features of dressings
To get a luxurious abundant bloom, hydrangea "Weems Red" must be fed. It is necessary to fertilize a bush four times per season:
- The first top dressing is carried out in early spring at the beginning of sap flow; organic fertilizers, for example, slurry, are ideal for it.
- During the formation of buds, a second feeding is carried out, for which urea (25 g), superphosphate (35 g) and potassium sulphate (35 g) are taken, which must be applied per 1 square meter. soil around the bush.
- The third dressing is carried out in the middle of summer, but not earlier than the moment when all the buds are fully opened. It uses complex fertilizers, which should be used in accordance with the instructions. Due to this procedure, the flowering of hydrangea significantly extended.
- The last feeding is carried out during the preparation for the wintering, and the best composition for it is a special fertilizer for hydrangeas.
It is important not to overfeed the bush, otherwise its shoots will become fragile and will break under the action of its own weight.
Mulching and loosening
To allow moisture to evaporate more slowly from the soil, grumble the soil around the shrub with sawdust and dry leaves. From time to time, leaves and sawdust should be poured, so that on the surface of the soil all the time there was a protective layer of about 7 cm.
Another option for mulch is shredded bark, which is sold packaged in specialty stores. On the package, be sure to find a note that the bark is sterilized or composted: this way you are guaranteed not to put harmful microorganisms into the soil. The bark mulch is placed in a thicker layer (10 cm). Three to five times per season, the soil should be loosened to a depth of 5-10 cm for better air access to the roots of the bush.
Annual pruning at the end of March, when the buds swell, allows you to give the bush a beautiful shape and provides a lush flowering hydrangea Weems Red. From 5 to 10 of the strongest shoots cut so that on each left 4-5 buds, remove the remaining shoots.
If the bush grows on the site for a long time and its decorative qualities have decreased, the rejuvenating pruning will be useful to it. All branches are cut to “stumps” at 7 cm - next year you will see active growth of new shoots, which will provide abundant flowering.
Hortensia needs a transplant in cases where the wrong place was originally chosen for it or the composition of the soil is not suitable for it. As for planting, the best time to transplant is early spring, as soon as the snow melts.
Before transplanting, cut off all the shoots by 1/3 of the length: this procedure is obligatory, otherwise an unadapted root system may not cope with the nutrition of all the shoots. After that, dig up a bush and dig it out of the ground, while the main thing is to avoid damage to the maternal root. A new hole for the plant is prepared in the same way as for the initial planting.
After transplanting, pritenite plant for three weeks, so it quickly adapts to the new environment. It is important to water the bush regularly, especially if there is no rain. In order for the hydrangea to get acclimatized and grow faster, you may have to trim it again right after landing on a new place.
Pruning is done if the transplantation is not completely smooth: the earthen clod has collapsed or the maternal root system of the plant is badly damaged. This means that shoots must be shortened by another third.
Do not be afraid to cut the branches, this procedure does not harm the hydrangea, as it is quickly restored, even if the shoots are very short. It is possible to fertilize a bush not earlier than in 3-4 weeks after the “relocation”, and only if you are sure that the plant has adapted to the new place.
There is another version of the transplant, which involves preparing for it during the year. In the autumn, around the root system of the bush, it is necessary to make a trench to the depth of the shovel bayonet and fill it with compost. The whole next season the hydrangea will grow young roots into compost, and in the fall it is necessary to dig the bush once again abroad the first groove, remove it from the soil and transplant it to a new place. Nutrient-saturated plant is much easier to adapt to the new site.
Preparing for the winter
Many gardeners like to admire in the winter not cut hydrangea buds that are covered with snow or frost. But from the point of view of professional gardening, this is wrong, because the branches of a bush can break under the weight of snow cover. Therefore, all inflorescences with the advent of late autumn must be removed.
Despite the frost resistance of hydrangeas, their roots can freeze in the harsh winter, so the root system needs to be covered in one of the following ways:
- Lay a layer of fallen leaves or peat at least 20 cm thick on the ground.
- More effectively shelter from rotted manure, which must be laid out around the plant in a small layer.
If you have planted a hydrangea not in the spring, but in the fall, then the upper part of the seedling should also be covered before wintering.
Photo of hydrangea paniculata Wims Red
Landing and site selection
When choosing a place for the future bush hydrangea panicled "Weems Red" should be considered:
In the afternoon, especially in the summer heat, the plant needs shading. Therefore, the place where hydrangea will grow should be protected from the direct sun for most of the daylight hours. Crowns of tall trees will help in this. But do not plant hydrangea close to the trees, as they can take away a large part of the moisture from the bush.
Should not be planted hydrangea Weems Red in wetlands. The soil should be only wet. But if stagnation of water still happens on the site, a thick layer of drainage material should be placed in the planting pit. As a drainage is usually used:
For hydrangea Weems Red choose a quiet place. In windy places, this shrub grows poorly. Wind gusts tear flowers and leaves, hinder the normal development of the plant
For planting a bush, hydrangeas dig a planting hole 50 cm in diameter and at least 40 cm deep. It is filled 1/3 of the soil mixture, which includes in equal parts:
The seedling is set in a hole and sprinkled on its roots with the remaining soil. It should not be much deepening bush. Its root neck should be at ground level.
Conditions for content
For successful cultivation of hydrangea paniculata "Weems Red" is important to ensure it:
- The optimal composition of the soil
- Necessary lighting
This variety is very critical to soil composition.. It grows well on acidic and slightly acidic soils. Delivers also soil with neutral acidity, but the color of the flowers in this case will be much paler. Alkaline soils are detrimental to the plant. When planted in the soil with an alkaline reaction, the shrub stops growing, does not bloom and soon dies. Hydrangea should not be planted in places where lime was introduced into the soil, as this substance also makes the soil alkaline.
Variety of hydrangea paniculata - Bobo
The soil for the rapid growth of hydrangea. Wims Red must be fertile and contain a sufficient amount of organic matter. On sandy soils, the plant grows and develops very slowly.
Lighting is also important for panicle hydrangea. The plant loves penumbra and does not tolerate direct sun. The sun's rays can fall on its leaves only early in the morning or in the evening. In the daytime, the shrub should be prone to the crowns of tall trees or walls of buildings. It is allowed to grow hydrangea in the shade. But if the light is not enough, the shrub can bloom very poorly.
Paniculate hydrangea of this variety is very moisture-loving. For its proper development, it must be planted in a wet place. It is desirable that the soil was not marshy, but not too dry. With a lack of moisture in the summer, the bushes are regularly watered.
When caring for hydrangea with bleach varieties “Weems Red” it is necessary to provide:
- Regular watering,
- Preparing for the winter.
Watering hydrangea paniculata, depending on the soil moisture. During rains, when the soil remains wet, no watering is necessary. But in the summer heat when the soil dries out, the hydrangea of the Wims Red without watering can die. It is carried out 1-2 times a week. For each bush requires at least 10 liters of water. After watering, it is advisable to loosen the soil under the bush in order to retain moisture for a longer time.
Hydrangea does not usually need spraying. It can be sprayed with separated water only in extreme heat and before the formation of buds. During budding and flowering this procedure is not carried out.
Hydrangea in this variety needs regular feeding. It is fed every 2 weeks throughout the growing season and flowering. Until mid-May, only nitrogen fertilizers are used to build up green mass and prepare the bush for growing buds. Next, feed fertilizer with a high content of potassium and phosphorus, to ensure long-term and lush flowering.
Cutting hydrangea Weems Red is carried out twice a year.. There are the following types of trimming
The variety "Weems Red" is considered winter-hardy and can withstand temperatures as low as -30ºС. In the middle lane, he winters without shelter. But young specimens up to 4 years of age are recommended to cover for the winter. Their shoots can freeze during great frosts, which further affect flowering.
For the shelter around the plant, a skeleton is erected, which is filled with fallen leaves, and covered with film on top of it. You can also gently bend the shoots to the ground and fix them. From above they are covered first with fallen leaves or spruce branches, and then with roofing felt.
Pruning and shaping the bush
In the spring spend forming pruning plants. This is done at the end of March before the start of sap flow. First, remove all broken, dry or frozen branches. They are cut at the base. Leaves the shoots of last year, which are formed inflorescences and several strong and straight older branches. The remaining branches cut out at the root.
After that, proceed to the formation of the crown. It is recommended to shorten the old branches, giving the desired shape of the bush. Shoots last year should be kept as good as possible. They are not cut unnecessarily.
Most often, the bushes of this variety give a spherical shape. But you can create an elliptical crown. And some gardeners prefer natural forms of bushes. In this case, only very long shoots are shortened so that the plant maintains a neat appearance.
Very old Hydrangea bushes Wims Red in the spring is subjected to anti-aging pruning. To do this, 5-6 of the thickest and strongest branches of the last year are left on the bush, and the rest are completely removed. Then the remaining branches are greatly shortened so that their length is no more than 10 cm. Such a bush in the current year drives out many young shoots, on which a year later inflorescences appear.
In the fall, they carry out sanitary pruning of a shrub before wintering. At the same time, dry and broken branches are removed, and all dry inflorescences are cut. They can not be left for the winter. When heavy snow falls on them a large amount of snow can linger, which will lead to breakage of the branches.
Hydrangea paniculone Wims Red - variety description
Hortensia Weems Red is a shrub that reaches two meters in height. The leaves resemble an ellipse in shape, with an average length of 12 cm.
Pyramidal panicle inflorescences have a length of 25 cm. The diameter of the flowers is 2 cm, during the year they can change shade from greenish-white to red.
Hydrangea blooms from June to September. If the climate is warm, the bush blooms until October. When the hydrangea blooms, a fruit is formed in place of the flower in the form of a seed box.
The main condition suitable for hydrangea soil should be the following data:
- drained ground
- sufficient moisture.
In the shrub flowers appear on last year's shoots. If you want to have bright flowers of hydrangea, plant it in acidic soil.
Important. Flowering will be most vivid if pruning is done before the start of the growing season, namely in spring time.
Pruned the plant at the very beginning of spring, until the sap flow in the stems. If time has passed, then it is better to wait for the first leaves to appear.
Saplings for planting should have a 4-5 year term. The hydrangea is planted in spring, before the growing season or in late autumn.
Loves plant sunny areas, but can grow in partial shade. Sandy soil for planting will not work.
- Preparation of the pit: its diameter should be 0.5 m, depth 0.4 m, distance between the bushes 2.5 m.
- Fertile soil, peat, coarse sand and compost are poured into the hole. They are taken in equal shares. Potassium sulphate (30 g), urea (30 g), and also 70 g of superphosphate are taken as fertilizers.
- The roots and shoots of the seedlings are pruned.
- The bush is planted in a prepared pit and covered with earth.
- The soil in a circle around the trunk is abundantly watered.
In the summer, feeding the bush is carried out 3 times:
- When the snow melts, a solution of mullein is added.
- In the middle of summer - a fertilizer complex.
- When the plant ottsvetet, it will be in the autumn, the soil is applied fertilizer for bushes without nitrogen.
In autumn, the shrub is covered with peat or burnt manure. And in winter, to hydrangea to throw snow, so you can protect the plant from severe frosts.
If pruned correctly, a beautiful bush will be formed. If the plant is not cut, the bush will become thick, and the flower stalks begin to shrink. This is done at the beginning of spring before the sap flow has begun. If the moment is missed, you should wait for the first leaves to appear. If you start pruning during the period of active sap flow, then you should not expect good flowering in the future.
Pruning begins with the most frail and crooked twigs, this is done right at the base of the bush. After that, you can go to the shoots from last year's flowering. They are cut off by 3-4 buds. So a beautiful and correct crown will be formed.
Growing up in the form of a bush, the hydrangea can reach one and a half meters in height with round bunches of inflorescences of various colors. When planting should take into account the dimensions of the future plants and maintain the distance between the bushes.
If you choose the right location for planting and provide the necessary conditions for humidity, then the hydrangea will be pleasing to the eye with bright colors and a healthy look for a very long time, without requiring any special care. It is good to plant it, both one by one and in rows, for example, along the path to the house or in a semicircle around the arbor.
Hydrangea varieties with photos and titles
Hydrangea It is a shrub up to three meters high, on which young shoots are formed every year with buds at the ends. At first, the flowers have a greenish tint, which soon turns into white or cream. Among representatives of this species are distinguished: pink (Invincibelle Spirit), white ("Sterilist")having abundant blooms Anabel and Grandiflora (representatives of paniculate hydrangea also have this name) with lush white inflorescences.
Bluebird - sprawling plant 1.5 m tall, capable of changing the color of inflorescences from pale blue to pink, depending on the acidity of the soil.
Hydrated Hydrangea Preciosa - has a very beautiful flat yellowish-green inflorescences, and then crimson. Winter-hardy, withstands up to -20 ° C frost.
Panicle hydrangea looks like a bush or even a tree, 2-5 meters high. This is incredible, but in one place it can grow for more than forty years. Побеги имеют свойство деревенеть, что способствует лучшей переносимости к холоду. Соцветия вырастают каждый год на концах новых побегов, цвет переходит от светло зеленого к белому, вначале цветения, затем становятся розовыми и в конце снова зеленеет.
Гортензия Ванилла Фрейз («Vanille Fraise») — имеет пирамидальную форму соцветий, в быту ее сравнивают с ванильно-клубничным рожком, из-за цвета и формы. At first, the hydrangea has white flowers, and then the lower part begins to acquire a more saturated pink shade. It grows in the form of a bush with a height of up to 1.5-2 m. It blooms from July to September. The shoots are brown-red, hard, but bent under the weight of the inflorescences, which creates a spherical appearance of the bush.
Hortensia Pinky Winky ("Pinky Winky") - The adult plant reaches two meters in height. The shape of the bush is spherical and does not fall apart. Inflorescences cone-shaped closer to the autumn change white color to purple-pink.
Hortensia Phantom ("Phantom") - long and luxuriantly blooms, growing rapidly, not afraid of frost, can be grown in the form of a bush, and arrange in a tree. On average, can grow up to 30 years. It has a honey aroma of inflorescences. Rarely sick.
Hortensia Grandiflora ("Grandiflora") - resistant to frost, but the young shoots are still cut before hibernation, over time they grow stronger. The flowers are reddish-brown cone. The leaves are dark green dull (slightly velvety).
Hortensia Lime Light ("Limelight") consists of dense inflorescences of light green color, acquiring a pink sheen by autumn. Dark green, slightly velvety, oblong and pointed at the end of the leaves. The shrub has a rounded shape with a height of up to 1.5 meters.
Hortensia Pink Diamond ("Pink Diamond") - differs narrow pyramidal inflorescences of bright pink color, acquiring a darker color closer to the end of flowering (from July to September). Hardy, but young shoots pruned.
Hortense Kyushu ("Kyushu") - the shrub, up to 3 meters high, has a rather elegant shape with light, not dense, conical inflorescences of white color with a honey aroma. Leaves have a glossy surface.
Hortensia Tardiva ("Tardiva") - differs in late blooming (from September to the first frosts) and narrow conical inflorescences.
Hortense Bobo ("BoBo") - dwarf form paniculata hydrangea, has a conical inflorescence of light green color, which eventually turn pink. Bush height up to 70 cm.
Hortense Weems Red ("Wim’s Red") - differs in longer flowering period (from July to October). Large inflorescences (30-35 cm) white, then get ruby ebb.
Hortensia Diamond Rouge ("Diamand Rouge") - this variety stands out among others with the richest red shade of inflorescences. Bush up to 1.5 m.
Large Leaf Hydrangea characterized by dense foliage of bright green color, the shape of inflorescences in the form of an umbrella (like viburnum), and colors - blue, purple, blue.
Hydrophobic oak - Absolutely not winter-hardy, therefore it requires warming for the winter. It has not only beautiful long inflorescences (20-30 cm) with a lush white bloom, but also unusual for hydrangea leaf shape (sharp with notches like oak leaves), color (red) and size (about 25 cm). Usually blooms in mid-summer, and closer to the end of flowering white flowers turn purple. This species grows to two meters.
Hydrangea groundcover or dissimilar - type of hydrangeas, resistant to frost. Dark green leaves (20 cm long) have a glossy front and a rough reverse side. It blooms in mid-summer with white loose buds, ending in pink flowering tint.
Pedicel hydrangea This species is used to decorate columns, arbors, arches and other things, in the form of suspended vines, as the petilated hydrangea, reaching 25 meters in height, can braid structures, is fixed with air suckers, or travel along the ground. The flowers are pale pink (diameter 25 cm), quickly fall off. Shoots are red-brown with dark green leaves.
Ashen Hydrangea or gray. Used by gardeners as a hedge. Reaches 2 meters in height, has oval, webbed, pale green leaves and small flowers.
Hydrangea planting and care in the open field
Hortensia loves shade and penumbra, is afraid of direct sunlight, which slows the growth and development of plants, inflorescences are small and underdeveloped.
Planting plants produced in the spring, in the heated soil, when there is no fear of night frost. Hydrangea does not tolerate lime in the soil. The earth should be loose.
You can also familiarize yourself with the rules for keeping room hydrangea when you are at home.
Hydrangea is a moisture-loving plant, so after planting it is watered properly and mulching is carried out at the expense of sawdust, needles or peat. So the soil will stay wet longer.
Water is better to use rain, if tap water, then only separated water (but this can cause leaf chlorosis). With regard to the amount of fluid, each bush needs about two buckets of water per week. It is watered in the morning and evening, when the sun is not so hot, otherwise the water will quickly evaporate.
Growing hydrangeas from seeds
Sowing is done in the fall. The substrate should be loose and nutritious, consisting of a mixture of leaf, sod land and river sand (4: 2: 1). After sowing seeds in prepared boxes, they are sprinkled on top with the same soil, moistened with a spray bottle and covered with film or glass.
Periodically moisten the earth and monitor the temperature (15-20 ° C). After 1-1.5 months, shoots will appear that need to be thinned. When the seedlings grow and 2-3 leaves appear, they are transplanted into separate pots with a diameter of 7 cm and continue to care.
In summer, these pots are exposed to fresh air, but do not allow direct sunlight, rain and drafts. And in the winter, enter in the cool dry room. Only three years later the hydrangea is planted in open ground, and during this time the inflorescences are broken off from it, so as not to weaken the growth of the plant itself.
Flowers with the smell of honey
Hydrangea paniculone Wims Red is an ornamental plant that blooms before all hydrangeas, and this is its advantage. Plus, this hydrangea has an interesting feature of flowering, which attracts others. Unusual flowering is called a three-stage, it begins in June and lasts until October. During the entire flowering period, all the numerous flowers change their color 3 times.
This period of color is similar to the ripening of fruits, pale white flowers at the beginning, then pale pink, and maroon-red by the end of flowering. But the foliage does not change, until the frost it retains a rich green color, their shape is ovoid, they are opposite, dense and rough. Oddly enough, the brightness of flowering hydrangea Weems Red is affected by the soil in which it grows. The most favorable acidic soil or neutral. Very good, if at the same time the soil is quite wet and drained. Good annual spring pruning stimulates the saturation of flowers. You need to cut before the start of sap flow, and if it has already begun, then you need to wait for the first leaves to appear.
Since the thick bush wakes up to give small flowers, the thinned plant always has a luxurious inflorescence. It is advisable to cut off all the inflorescences after they are tied so that the plant does not spend energy on them. And the root system is shallow and branched.
Mature shoots of hydrangea Wims Red are able to withstand great frosts, down to -35ºС, and the young plant needs to be mulched and covered with earth, bark, peat or humus. In the spring the shelter is removed. But sometimes, if the winters are very harsh, the hydrangea can freeze slightly.
An adult plant is one that is more than 2 years old, then it no longer needs shelter and is able to withstand cold on its own. The plant needs fertilizer and protection from pests.
Fortunately for gardeners, hydrangea diseases are not common. Sometimes hydrangea paniculata suffers from chlorosis. In severely dry weather, the plant is affected by spider mites. It so happens that the leaves and stems are covered with downy mildew. To prevent the occurrence of pests and fungal infections, it is necessary to choose the right means of plant protection. For this, the plant is treated with fungicides once a month for prophylaxis.
Plants purchased in the nursery, are already processed with the necessary fertilizers, and can fully grow a whole year. Hortensia Weems Red, bought in a pot, has an advantage, because the soil in which it grows, has everything you need for planting, and no additional fertilizer is needed. The root system can be treated with iron chelate, no more than once a week. Gardeners noticed an interesting fact that whey has a positive effect on hydrangea. Milk bacteria create a breeding ground for the root system ..
In all varieties of hydrangea there is no clear certainty. Some are very similar to each other. Therefore, for commercial purposes, the same variety is sold under different names. The varieties of hydrangea paniculata occupy a leading position in the ranking of ornamental shrubs for landscaping.
Once you have planted a hydrangea in your garden, you will certainly want to replenish the number of new varieties of this amazing plant.
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- Type: stone-hemmed
- Flowering period: June, July, August, September, October
- Height: 1-4m
- Color: white, pink, blue, purple
- Shy of love
Flowers have always been a decoration of any garden. It is on them that the sight rests, they attract us with their beauty, skillfully luring us with exuding aroma. We admire the delicate petals and lush foliage, inhale the smells and, of course, understand how difficult it is to grow such a miracle. Undoubtedly, one of the garden favorites is a capricious hydrangea. A bush or an islet from the bushes of this plant with wonderful spherical or pyramidal inflorescences will make any shady corner of your garden attractive. We decided to tell you about its history and types, how to plant hydrangea and care for it, in this article.
- A little historical background
- Types and varieties of hydrangeas
- Pancake hydrangea - ice cream in greens
- Choosing a tree variety
- Stalked look to the top
- Such a coveted and capricious large-leaved hydrangea
- Soil requirements and landing features
- Necessary care and dressing
- How to propagate the plant?
A little historical background
The first in Europe appeared large-leaved hydrangea. It happened at the very end of the XVIII century. She brought the French travelers from the island of Mauritius, located in the Indian Ocean. The Prince of the Roman Empire, KG, was also a member of this first expedition for the French round-the-world expedition. Nassau-Siegen. It is believed that he called the beautiful plant in honor of his beloved sister.
The large-leaved hydrangea was born on the island of Mauritius and appeared in Europe thanks to the first French round-the-world expedition. Such beauty cannot be overlooked even in the luxurious governor's garden.
However, other sources claim that the bush received its name in honor of the beloved French physician F. Commerson. There is a not so romantic version of the appearance of this name: the bush was discovered in the governor's garden. So they named it in honor of this event in Latin hortensis, which means "from the garden."
Otherwise, this moisture-loving shrub called hydrantia. In Greek, hydor means “water” and angeion means “vessel”. And the thing was not only that the shrub needs frequent watering, but also that its seed pods look like a vessel - a jug. But a more pleasing name gradually gained the upper hand over Latin.
Types and varieties of hydrangeas
The Hortensia family (Hydrangeaceae) includes several dozen varieties of this plant. Until now, their exact number has not been determined, because some specimens cause disagreement among specialists. Most often it is a flowering shrub with attractive large leaves. But sometimes it is also called lianas, and even small trees.
Surprisingly, this woven plant is also a type of hydrangea. It looks very impressive on the outer walls of houses in areas with mild climates.
As a rule, hydrangeas form paniculate or corymbose inflorescences, which bloom at the ends of the shoots. At their edges are large sterile (sterile) flowers, and in the center - small fertile, that is, fruiting. In some species, all flowers are fruitful: they form large and very attractive balls.
The petals of this shrub are quite diverse in color: they are white, pink, blue, red, purple and even blue. They are able to please any gourmet grower. But the leaves in their attractiveness they are not inferior. With proper care, they grow large, juicy and bright. Such beauty is hard to give up.
Large and bright flowers, located around the perimeter of this inflorescence, successfully complement small, but fruiting, which form its central part
Usually, the following species are planted in open ground: paniculate, arboreal, ground cover, garden, radiant, ashy, sawtooth, petiolate, large-leaved and rough. Let us dwell on those varieties that are most popular in Russian gardens.
Pancake hydrangea - ice cream in greens
Well, of course, such an inflorescence is called a panicle, and the hydrangea itself is paniculate. The whisk does look like soft ice cream squeezed into a waffle cup. It has a conical shape, consists of both large and small flowers. Has a length of 20-25 cm.
Different varieties of panicle hydrangea (from left to right): top row - Grandiflora or Pee Gee, LimeLight, bottom row - Pinky-Winky, Phantom
At the beginning of flowering, the petals of the plant have a white color, gradually they begin to turn pink, and before the end of the season they add a slightly greenish tone to the overall range. Such a change of colors is characteristic of this amazing shrub. Its leaves have the shape of an ellipse. From above they are covered with velvety down. Even more, they are downy.
Some more varieties of paniculate hydrangea (from left to right): top row - Vanilla Freise, Diamont Rouge, bottom row - Great Star, White Lady
The flowering of the paniculata is distinguished by its duration. It begins with early varieties in June, and with the arrival of July, this process covers all varieties. What varieties of this flower are planted in Russia?
- Grandiflora or Pee Gee. This variety is quite often found in old gardens. Her densely stuffed inflorescences consist exclusively of sterile flowers.
- Limelight This shrub can reach a height of 1.2-1.6 meters. There is his smaller version of the Little Lime, up to 1 m tall. His pyramidal greenish panicles slightly turn pink before the end of the season.
- Pinky-Winky. This species has a height of 1.5-1.8 meters. Differs in openwork inflorescences with large flowers, which eventually turn purple-pink.
- Phantom. This bush grows to a height of 2.5 meters. Because of the sprawling crown on it should be given a little more space. His cream panicles gradually turn pink.
- Vanilla Fraze His panicles are very similar to vanilla-strawberry ice cream. The bush itself reaches 2 meters in height. Sort Sunday Froz - it is twice as small as a copy.
- Diamont Rouge. If you still have not seen a variety with red petals, then this is it. The plant reaches 1.5-1.8 meters in height.
- Great Star. Large petals of this variety are connected in the form of a propeller and seem to hover over the total mass of small ones. Very effective two-meter bush.
- White Lady. This variety is a bit like jasmine. On a bush 2 meters high, white petals look like butterflies that are about to fly up.
- Weems Ed. Magnificent variety, the flowers of which three times per season change their color. In June, they are white, then turn pink, and, finally, by the autumn they acquire a rich maroon-red color.
It does not make sense to list all varieties of paniculate hydrangea, but believe me, it is found in all its incarnations and variations. There is something to choose and something to work with pleasure.
Hydrangea inflorescences often change their color throughout the season, but Wims Red is an amazing variety of this plant: it changes the shades of its flowers twice during the flowering period.
Choosing a tree variety
Tree hydrangea is also able to withstand our difficult climatic conditions. It freezes only in the most severe winters. Despite the name, it is still a shrub, and in height it grows about 1.5 meters. Its ovate, large leaves have a groove at the base similar to a stylized heart and notches along the edges. The leaf surface is green, and its downside is gray.
Here are some names:
- Hayes Starberst. Its inflorescences consist of large terry flowers, first greenish, and later - bright white. Their diameter can reach 25 cm. Sometimes thin branches of a bush simply do not withstand such gravity.
- Inkorkdiboll. Белые цветущие шары на этом кустарнике просто поражают своими гигантскими размерами. Само растение поднимается всего на 1,2-1,5 метра.
- Инвинсибелль Спирит. Интенсивно-розовый оттенок крупных соцветий со временем словно выгорает на солнце, постепенно обретая благородную бледность.
- Уайт Дом. Большие цветы кремово-белого оттенка окаймляют щиток, внутренняя часть которого состоит из фертильных цветков. Предельная высота такого куста – всего-то 1-1,4 м.
Of course, this list does not reflect the entire wealth of choice: it only opens the veil that hides many more mysterious beauties.
Different varieties of tree hydrangea (from left to right): top row - Hayes Starberst, Inkurdiball, bottom row - Invincibel Spirit and White House
Stalked look to the top
This species of hydrangea loose inflorescences also have the form of a shield. Large flowers in them are located at the edges, and small form the center. But the most amazing thing about this shrub is its rhizomes and suckers that grow on the shoots. With their help, he is able to climb the wall of knowledge to a height of 25 meters. Wide green leaves seem to cover the wall, forming a single panel.
The stalked hydrangea can be used not only as a graceful vine, but also as an excellent ground cover plant.
Unfortunately, the stalked species does not tolerate our harsh winters. If in the Baltics it can be left on supports, then we will have to not only remove, but also cover. However, as an excellent groundcover, it can also be widely used.
Such a coveted and capricious large-leaved hydrangea
This plant is a frequent guest in domestic areas, which always pleases with a variety of colors. Its various forms are not only flowers, but also inflorescences. The only disadvantage of this beauty is the need to cover her in the winter. It may freeze and mock if the shelter seems excessive to her.
If it freezes in the fall or early spring, and then it goes away, the flower buds may be damaged. Therefore, it is better to grow it all the same in a greenhouse, and only then plant it in open ground. Let the autumn sit again in the greenhouse, and for the winter she will have to move to the basement.
This type of hydrangea can not only be bought in a tub, but also planted right along with the tub: this way it will be easier to transfer it to the greenhouse and basement in the future
Soil requirements and landing features
It is believed that the best time for planting seedlings is spring or autumn, but these bushes can be planted even in summer. To do this, it is important to purchase them in a pot or in a tub in order for the root system to be closed. However, in order not to risk it, it is better to choose spring for planting.
It is better if in the noontime the bush will be in the shade or half-shade. The scorching sun and drought, it suffers very badly. A special soil regime should be created at the landing site. The soil should give an acid reaction. For its creation, peat or special soil mixture for azaleas is placed in the landing pits. A mixture of peat and compost or leaf humus in equal parts will work well. Compost can be exchanged for potassium sulfate and superphosphate.
When planting hydrangeas, it is necessary not only to prepare the soil well, but also to guess the weather: night frosts can damage the whole plant or only its flower buds
We dig a hole 50 cm deep. Its length and width is not less than 60 cm. The soil must be permeable and loose, so that the seedling does not have difficulty in breathing. To the future bush was lush enough, you should shorten the roots before planting, and cut off the shoots to 3-4 buds.
The seedling is placed in the ground, then watered, and only then peat mulch is placed around it. For mulch suitable film and sawdust, paper and burlap, compost and needles, straw, and even expanded clay. So in the upper layers of the soil to maintain the correct air mode. When planting as a hedge between seedlings, you need to leave at least 2-3 meters distance. In this case, the bushes do not strangle each other when they grow.
Necessary care and dressing
From how you will care for your hydrangea, so it will delight you from spring to late autumn.
- The soil. At 5-7 cm the soil should be periodically loosened. Do not forget to pour new mulch.
- Watering. In the area of the root soil should not be dry. It is necessary to water only with warm water, which has already settled.
- Top dressing. Twice a month, fertilize with organic or mineral fertilizers.
- Supports. Under the weight of blooming balls branches may break.
- Crop. Old bushes should be rejuvenated. To do this, at the end of October produce pruning. If the shoots are weak or old, they need to be removed altogether. The rest is cut to one or two pairs of buds. In spring, pruning needs to be done again - remove the frozen branches in winter. The upper parts of the shoots last year can not be cut.
Once again we remind you that under direct sunlight hydrangea can survive, but it will not look important. It will lag behind in development and growth, will give small and ugly inflorescences. Therefore, she needs a shadow or penumbra.
Cutting hydrangea in spring should be especially careful not to damage the flower buds and not to leave yourself for a long time without a wonderful celebration of flowering of this plant.
For more information about the care, pruning and wintering, see the video:
How to propagate the plant?
Beauty does not happen much, therefore, sooner or later, it will definitely want to multiply. How to do it?
- Seeds. Gather seeds. In the open ground they can be planted in May or at the end of April. If everything goes well, the first flowering of the bush should be expected only in two years.
- Division. A large bush can be divided. It is better to do it in the spring, then by the autumn the new bush will get stronger.
- Cuttings. For this procedure, you will need cuttings of the current year. After 20-25 days, they already take root.
The easiest and fastest way to propagate hydrangea is grafting. The result will be received in 20-25 days, and by autumn the plant will get strong enough
As you can see, with all the capriciousness of this plant, it can and should be dealt with. Having done everything right, you will enjoy the wonderful view of your garden. And you will be proud that you have achieved such beauty with your own hands.