Experienced gardeners for the time of work on the site accumulate invaluable information regarding the cultivation of a particular crop. Simple tips help to improve the yield, to obtain a fruit of high quality in taste and presentation. For many, the question of preparing onions for planting does not cause any associations at all. And only notable gardeners understand that we are talking about the fact that it should be soaked.
How many ways to process a vegetable in spring exist? We will consider the most basic ones - what to do so that seedlings appear faster, why and how much the procedure is performed at all, how to process and water the seeds in order to protect flies from worms, and whether it is necessary to do treatment with such means as Fitosporin before sowing.
Do I need to soak the onions before planting in the spring?
Soaking is not a compulsory procedure before planting bulbous crops, especially if onions are grown commercially.
You should not load yourself with a preparation for seeding even in cases of use. quality planting material, which grew on healthy soil and was stored in proper conditions.
Since sevok is mainly purchased in wholesale markets, no one can guarantee that he has healthy microflora. Therefore, the correct procedure for locking seeds helps protect gardeners from unpleasant surprises. This is a loss of yield, and onion rotting, and soil contamination with various diseases and pests.
Before soaking necessary cut a bow, to allow the solution to penetrate between the scales and kill pathogens. But you should not get involved in cutting, having made a too large cut, the turnip can rot or not release the feather, you can also clean the seeds from the old husk.
When using planting materials of small sizes, processing is too time consuming, so it is better to secure your future crop at the procurement stage.
If small seeds are purchased, they should be selected at the procurement stage without processing
Preference is given to farms that adhere to the cultivation technology, harvest in dry weather, have special storage facilities. This eliminates spoilage or degradation of onions in winter.
Pros and cons of soaking sevka
Among summer residents, the debate over the effectiveness of preparing onions for planting by soaking does not abate. Everyone should make a decision for himself, and it can be based on the advantages and disadvantages of this procedure.
According to the analysis of long-term experience of gardeners, the following pros procedures:
- activation of the growth of herbs and turnips,
- rot prevention,
- soil protection against pathogenic bacteria that can be transported with planting crops.
The disadvantages of soaking concern improper preparation or temperature disturbance. Planting material may deteriorate due to improper trimming or non-compliance with the proportions in the manufacture of the solution. Therefore, before using one of the options, you should study the instructions.
How to process in saline
Salt baths are used more often in combination with other procedures. The easiest and most popular way to prepare the planting for planting involves 2 stages of processing: using saline and potassium permanganate.
First the onions are soaked. for 3 hours in the salt bath, which is prepared in the following proportions: in 2 liters of water stir 2 tablespoons ordinary stone (table) salt.
Soaking in saline solution ensures rapid growth
This procedure ensures the rapid growth of plants, the development of turnips, protects against aggressive soil environment. Salt disinfects onions from nematodes and other pathogens.
In potassium permanganate
In a bucket of water you need to dilute the whole 30-35 g of potassium permanganate, mix it thoroughly until the crystals are completely dissolved. After that, immerse the seed material in the tank and let it stand for a couple of hours.
This method is effective due to the action of potassium permanganate, which copes with many pathogenic bacteria.
Baking soda is credited with many qualities that it does not possess. So, for example, there is an opinion that soda baths help prevent onion marksmanship when ripe. This is not true, because the release of the arrow mainly depends on the conditions of onion conservation in the winter period. Soda will not be able to influence this process and protect it, and it will be processed after processing.
But during heat treatment it can be used. To do this, sevka before planting in the garden should be soaked in hot water (no more than 45-50 degrees) with the addition of a small amount of soda (10 l teaspoon). This procedure lasts 10-15 minutes. provides disinfection of planting material.
How to make a treatment with birch tar
For the treatment of seedlings before disembarking, special multi-purpose preparations are used. An alternative is the natural material - birch tar. He is fine copes with various pests and pathogenic bacteriain particular with onion fly.
The use of birch product is considered environmentally friendly and safe for human health and soil microflora.
Preparation of onions with the help of tar consists of the following steps:
- drying of the battery on the battery during the day (temperature range 37-40 degrees),
- removal of the top husk from each turnip,
- trimming tops,
- soaking in solution for 2-4 hours.
The solution is prepared in proportions: on 1 liter of water is taken 1 tablespoon the tar Fluid temperature should be in the range of 18-22 degrees. During the procedure, it will be necessary to mix the contents of the container 2-3 times for the best impregnation of the seed.
To sevok not pop up during the procedure of soaking, it is recommended to immerse it in the grid and lay out a brick or another weighting agent on top. But too heavy objects should not be used, they can crush the onions.
To sevok not pop up when soaking, you should use weighting
What processing to do to protect against pests
The greatest threat to onion is onion fly. Larvae, worms, deposited nearby plants, can destroy the entire crop. To avoid such troubles will help the treatment of planting material before sowing.
Also, the vegetable can be affected by pests such as the bear, the wireworm, the Colorado potato beetle.
The easiest and surest way is to soak the sev before planting in the tar solution. You can also choose two-stage treatment with salt and manganese composition.
Among folk remedies, baths with the use of red pepper and liquid soap. Proportions: a bucket of water, a tablespoon of liquid soap, 30 gr. dry red pepper. Duration of the procedure is 1-2 hours.
The most dangerous pest is the onion fly.
Get rid of pests and diseases will help watering specially prepared solutions. Among the effective ways:
- salt liquid (10 l of water + 3 tbsp. l.),
- tobacco mixture (3 liters of hot water + 200 grams of tobacco dust), lasts 2 days,
- infusion on dandelions (10 liters of boiling water + 200 g. crushed leaves), insist 3-4 days,
- ammonia (2 tablespoons) with water (10 liters).
Spray the soil should be carefully, so as not to harm the plant. Should be processed 1-2 times a week. If the methods were powerless, it is recommended to resort to the use of special preparations, for example, Fitosporin.
In order to prevent damage to plants from pest invasion, it is recommended to adhere to the following tips:
- before planting, the soil must be enriched with rotted manure or peat,
- do not use damaged and damaged turnips for disembarking,
- the landing site should be changed annually,
- form onion beds in close proximity with spicy and highly aromatic herbs, carrots,
- after harvesting it is necessary to dig the ground deep.
Whatever method of treatment before planting is chosen, do not forget about proper care, which also determines the yield and quality of onions. Soaking is only an auxiliary method that promotes rapid growth and disinfection. Without timely irrigation and introduction of complementary foods, there will be no good harvest.
The content of the article
- How to soak onions before planting
- How to prepare for planting onions
- How to prepare the onion sets for planting
Onion is a fairly easy-to-grow crop, so no vegetable garden can do without this vegetable. However, it also requires certain knowledge, without which the harvest will not be so rich. The secret lies not so much in the care of an onion bed as in preliminary preparation for planting. If the owners plant 3-5 kg of planting material, the preparation will take a fair amount of time, but further cultivation will not be a hassle.
Soak or not - that is the question
As a rule, to get onions, it is grown from seedlings (small onions with a diameter of 1 to 3 cm). Even experienced gardeners are wondering if it is necessary to soak onion sets before planting. In fact, the soaking process has several goals: friendly shoots, disinfection from pests and the rapid development of the root system.
The loquate root system of onions is poorly developed, and if you hold the bulbs in water for only half an hour before planting, you can see how the thin roots have already begun to move out. To do this, it is not at all necessary to add fertilizers to the growth of fertilizer in the water, it is enough just to pour water at room temperature.
What is soaked onions before planting
If desired, you can resort to complex fertilizers for vegetable crops. Top dressing is used at the rate of 1 tablespoon per 10 liters of water. Only then half an hour it will not do. Experts recommend leaving sevok in the solution for 8-10 hours.
The most malicious enemy of sowing onions is the onion fly, but there is a goat on it when soaking - salt. If you hold the sevok in saline solution, then this will help prevent the onset fly larvae from laying off, and hence the onion mass killing.
For the prevention of fungal diseases, sevka is soaked for 10-15 minutes in a solution of copper sulfate (1 tsp. Per 10 liters of water) or in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The latter method seems simple and affordable, especially since it has been tested by many years of experience of grandmothers.
All of the above does not mean that it is necessary to withstand sevok in all these solutions. Should choose for themselves the most acceptable. Moreover, if the onions are salted 2 hours in a "steep" solution: 1 kg of salt per half a bucket of water, then vitriol or manganese is no longer needed. Salt will save both onion flies and diseases.
Preparation of onions for soaking
Before starting to soak, sevok need to sort out and remove from it the exfoliated husk and sorted by size. Bulbs that have already started greens are subject to rejection.
In the next step, the upper neck is removed. It is more convenient to do with scissors or a knife. The bottom with rudiments of roots remains intact. The procedure for cutting the top is optional, especially if the onion is planted on a turnip. After cutting, the feather appears faster and grows more evenly, without wrinkles.
- Growing onions from planting to harvesting
- Soak the onions before planting
What do they do it for?
Onion sets are most often bought in bulk on wholesale markets, and therefore there are no guarantees that the seed will have a healthy microflora. It is for this reason that gardeners and gardeners are increasingly inclined to soak the seeds in special solutions, because this is the easiest way to protect themselves from such troubles as loss of yield, bulbs rot and soil contamination. It is much cheaper to prepare a solution for soaking on the basis of salt or potassium permanganate than to lose all the seedlings and, as a result, the whole crop.
The process of growing onions begins with the planting of small bulbs - seedlings. One of the main reasons for soaking is disinfection. This method, compared to the others, is much safer and protects the bulb from various types of pests.
However, the treatment of onions with various solutions in several cases is not at all mandatory. For example, if we are talking about industrial cultivation of onions. And also if high-quality material for planting is used, grown on a healthy ground and properly stored.
But mostly sevok is purchased in the spring in the markets where nobody can guarantee its 100% quality. Therefore, such a procedure as soaking onions will protect against many troubles. It is also worth doing for another number of reasons:
- in order to avoid bow marks,
- to accelerate its germination,
- for rapid growth and a rich harvest
- for quick ripening onions,
- for disinfecting bulbs and protecting against pests, various spores and fungi.
Seed soaking is perhaps the main stage of seasonal seed preparation for planting. Choose from numerous solutions should be based on their own preferences, the availability of substances and ease of use.
Before steeping, the onions should be properly prepared: remove the extra peel from the bulb, and trim the upper part slightly. But the onion must be trimmed very carefully, otherwise you can damage the germ buds. If the bulb is not cut, the solution can not go further than the roots.
In order to prepare the correct solution, you need to take warm water (approximately forty degrees). The only exception where not only it is possible, but also to take cold water, is to make a mixture of manganese. Potassium permanganate, due to its composition, dissolves better in cool water.
There are many different components for the preparation of the solution. The most popular budget option is saline and manganese. Their effect on the bulbs after soaking is as effective as soaking in special chemical solutions. When you choose these drugs, be sure to pay attention to the shelf life.
For soaking sev, you can use a mesh or nylon. This method is much more convenient and will allow faster removal of the bulbs. If some of the bulbs surfaced when soaking, then they are not suitable for further planting. After soaking, just before planting, the onions should be washed with running water.
Before planting, the seeds must be sorted out. Do not regret and throw out the soft, dried and damaged heads. They not only will not give a harvest, but also will spread various bacteria.
Another important nuance regarding the preparation of planting material: Before soaking the bow, many gardeners recommend making a small cut. Such a measure is necessary in order to allow the solution to freely penetrate between the scales of the plantation and freely destroy possible pests and pathogens. However, it should be remembered that in no case should one make too large a cut, since the bulb may rot.
Thus, there are a lot of ways to properly soak a bow for protection against pests and disinfection. You can do this in a salt or soda solution, or in birch tar. The main thing is to determine how long the seed will remain in the solution, because an extra few hours can negatively affect the condition of the seed. Planting a family onion is an easy process, the main thing is to approach it with all possible responsibility and enthusiasm.
Despite the large number of drugs, the most popular component for the solution is salt. It contains substances that repel fungus and worms. Salt is not only used for the solution, but it also treats the bed before planting. To prepare such a solution, you need to take 25 grams of salt and dissolve it in 2 liters of warm liquid. To avoid the formation of sediment and clumping, you must carefully and constantly stir the mixture.
Often salt is used along with other ingredients. First, a salt bath is made (2 spoons of salt is taken for 2 liters of water), then in salt water the onions should be soaked for 3 hours. This will ensure rapid growth and disinfect the bulb. After salt soaking, manganese baths are used.
Manganese is not only low cost raw materials, but also an excellent disinfectant material. As in the case of salt baths, a solution of manganese is used several days before planting.
The recipe of the solution is as follows: for 10 liters of water, 35 grams of manganese is needed, which is thoroughly mixed. After that sevka can be soaked in solution.
Unlike other methods, soda does not protect the bulb from parasites, but this method will prevent the formation of arrows. Soak sevok need in warm water: for one liter - one teaspoon of soda. After 3 hours, the onions should be removed and dried thoroughly. Чтобы не только закрепить результат, но и продезинфицировать семена, агрономы рекомендуют после замачивания в соде их обработать марганцем.
Деготь является экологически чистым препаратом. Он отлично защитит севок от различных заболеваний и вредителей. Замачивать следует после тщательного отбора луковиц и их предварительной подготовки. One tablespoon of tar needs to be dissolved in one liter of warm water. Soak sevok in this solution should be within 2 hours. During this time, the tar solution will penetrate under the skin of the bulb and create a protective film from fungi and flies. The rich aroma of tar will scare away insects.
Experienced gardeners and gardeners know that in practice, absolutely safe preparations for processing plants are often less effective in comparison with aggressive chemical compounds. This is due to the fact that many agricultural crops, and especially onions, need protection at the time of adaptation after disembarking on a bed. Therefore, radical methods, such as, for example, the effect of vitriol, are very popular.
Processing onions copper sulphate is performed in stages. First, a complex solution of fertilizers and fertilizers is used to significantly speed up the growth process. Ammonium nitrate is usually used as a fertilizer, one spoon of which is dissolved in 70 liters of liquid. In this solution, the seeds are soaked for 15 minutes. Then the material for sowing is placed in a weak solution on the basis of vitriol. You need to be extremely careful with this substance, and therefore only one tablespoon of vitriol is taken to a bucket of water, and all work is done exclusively in protective clothing and a special mask.
Soaking onions in a solution of copper sulfate can take quite a long time. If it is not there, then there is a quick method, which can be fully utilized while observing all precautions. For this substance is diluted in water with a temperature of at least 60 degrees. Planting material is held there for about 2 minutes, then washed in cool water. After 6 hours the bulbs will be fully prepared for planting.
Copper sulfate is used primarily to prevent fungal diseases, which often infect onions. Nevertheless, potassium permanganate is most often used for the same purpose due to its availability and ease of use.
Folk remedies for soaking the onions before planting have always remained popular and in demand for decades. However, today you can take advantage of the achievements of agrotechnologists and process the sevings with special means specially developed for better growth and effective protection of plants against fungus and diseases. Experts recommend using a drug called "Fitosporin."
"Fitosporin" is an inexpensive and effective tool that can provide a culture of good and stable growth. This drug is currently sold almost everywhere and comes in three forms at once: in powder, paste and liquid. Thanks to this drug is easy to use, it is universal and accessible to everyone.
"Fitosporin" is a systemic substance that, after treatment, begins to actively spread through the vessels of the plant. The active ingredient does not lose its beneficial properties even when exposed to extreme temperatures - the drug works equally well in both heat and cold. To process the roots, the drug is diluted in accordance with the instructions, and one packet of powder is enough for 20 kilograms of planting material.
Experienced gardeners recommend drying it after soaking the onion and only then embarking.
Just as when working with copper sulfate, when interacting with Fitosporin, be sure to wear a mask and protective clothing. This is necessary to prevent contact of the substance with the mucous and skin, as it can cause irritation and an allergic reaction.
There are also other professional tools that are widely used by farmers for the processing of onions. Some of them are more effective compared to traditional methods, others are used in some cases and with urgent need. There is a multitude of methods for disinfecting seed sets, and only in practice can one determine the optimal means with precision. The main thing is to remember that all the effort, effort and time spent as a result will bring a bountiful harvest.
Those who have to soak the seals not for the first time quite often leave it wet and put it in a warm place for about 10 more hours. To do this in the simplest way, the seed is simply wrapped in a foil bag or placed in a bucket, which is tightly closed with a lid. Due to such simple manipulations, you can easily sort the bow. As a result, small roots are formed on his donts. If they sprouted around the entire circumference of the onion, then this plant is best suited for sprouting on a turnip, and in case of incomplete germination of the roots, such a bulb is most likely useful for planting on greens.
It is possible to significantly increase the yield of onion not only due to soaking in various solutions and the use of fertilizers. So, for example, you can plant a number of other cultures. Carrots or garlic are able to effectively deter such a pest as an onion fly, which will have a positive effect on yield.
Planting a set-up always requires at least minimal preparation of the beds. Plant onions well where crops such as tomatoes, pumpkins, or peas used to grow. At the same time, planting onions where carrots or garlic were previously grown will be a bad idea, since the harvest will not be the most abundant. It is important to choose the right planting material: the string should not be large, and its weight should not be more than 6 grams. Otherwise, the bow will simply go to the arrow.
In order to harvest a large crop of onions, in the fall you need to make some effort. It is recommended to sort out the seed and sort the onions by size. The largest bulbs always land first. It is also very important to thoroughly weed the beds with onions after planting.
Among gardeners, opinions regarding irrigation of onions after planting differ significantly. Someone thinks that planted onions should be watered as much as possible so that the water almost completely covers the seedlings. Other gardeners are convinced that watering sevok is not necessary, and abundant moisture damages the normal growth and development of culture. Nevertheless, any plant needs water for normal growth, and onions in this case is no exception. But we must not forget that an excess of moisture inevitably entails the rotting of a plant, and therefore it is not worth pouring onions with water.
Experienced gardeners can easily determine when to water the onions. Those with little experience can follow a number of simple rules.
- You can water the beds immediately before planting, and then you do not need to water the onions after planting.
- If there were no spills, then the best solution would be to water the seedlings immediately after planting. Watering is necessary so that water does not fall on the bulbs.
The need for watering onions in the second half of summer is due to several main factors. If the plant has a sufficiently developed root system, then the need for watering will arise only due to dry weather.
In July and August, there are often droughts, when there is no rains for a week, or even more, and the air temperature rises to almost 30 degrees Celsius. Because of the hot weather, the moisture from the soil evaporates in the shortest possible time, and then the bow may not have enough of it, and this will very badly affect its growth and development. In such a situation, it is necessary to water the onions.
If precipitation was observed during July, then onions will not need abundant watering. In August, there is usually quite a lot of rain, and therefore in the last month of summer, watering onions is often not necessary at all. Thus, in a drought, onions are watered no more than once every 5 days, and when it rains at least once a week, watering the beds with bulbs will be a bad idea: Fusarium vegetables affect the crop in a bad way.
How to soak a bow before planting, see the video below.
Advantages and disadvantages of soaking onions
Summer residents are still engaged in heated debates about how effective this process is, and how to dunk the bow before planting. But, to do it or not, each gardener should decide individually, having studied all the advantages and disadvantages of such preparation of planting material.
According to the experiments carried out by professional gardeners, a number of advantages of onion soaking before planting were revealed. These include:
- greens and turnips actively grow and develop,
- the bulb gets rid of negative microflora, which contributes to active development,
- the onion does not rot,
- the soil does not become infected by bacteria that often live in planting material.
If we consider the shortcomings of soaking, then in this case it can be said with confidence that the reason in this case is in insufficient soaking, but in no way to the detriment of the solutions on the onion structure. In addition, incorrectly pruned onions can also cause a negative process when growing a crop. Therefore, in order to avoid such troubles, before using any solution, you need to carefully study the instructions.
Depending on what kind of solution the gardener will use, he will achieve such a goal. This will happen because each of the solutions is intended for the prevention of a particular disease, especially since each of the solutions has its own peculiarity.
Important! Before processing the planting material, it must be sorted and removed soft and rotting onions.
There are the following solutions for the treatment of onions:
- Saline solution. For its preparation will need two liters of water and two tablespoons of salt,
- Soda solution. For its preparation will need a bucket of water, the temperature of which does not exceed fifty degrees, and a teaspoon of soda,
- Manganese solution. On a bucket of water take no more than 35 grams of potassium permanganate crystals,
- Phytosporin. This drug can be bought both as a liquid and as a paste and powder. It is necessary to use the drug, depending on how described in the instructions, although it acts the same way,
- Hydrogen peroxide. This preparation is a compound of hydrogen and oxygen, thanks to which the agent is used both in medicine and in industry for redox actions,
For their preparation is important the correct dosage, otherwise the process will not bring the desired effect.
Onion soaking process
In each of these solutions, the soaking is done differently, and you cannot use them all together, except for some options.
Soaking onions before planting in saline solution can be done using a solution of potassium permanganate. In this case, the first need to use saline solution. Onions are soaked for at least three hours. Thanks to this bathing, the growth of the turnip is stimulated, and the plant will be protected from the aggression of the environment in the soil. Thus, the bulb will not be affected by the nematode and other diseases.
Important! Potassium permanganate can be used after a saline solution or as an individual main means of protection.
In potassium permanganate, the onion is drawn for several hours, due to which a large number of diseases that affect the bulbs can be prevented.
There are a lot of legends about soda solution, one of which is that when processing a soda onion in a bath it will not break into a gun. The release of arrows by the bow depends only on how well the bulbous planting material was kept. If it was well dried and stored in appropriate conditions, then the shooter will not. Otherwise, even soda does not help. And the use of soda in the processing of hot water will prevent the development of certain diseases on the bulbs.
Having processed onions with birch tar, it is possible to get rid of not only diseases, but also pests. Moreover, the use of this tool has a positive effect on the human body. Treat with tar as follows:
- Sevok thoroughly dried during the day,
- each bulb must be opened, that is, remove the top husk,
- the tip is slightly trimmed,
- soaked in tar solution for three to four hours.
To prepare the solution you need to take a spoonful of tar per liter of water. In this case, the water should be heated to 22 degrees. The contents must be periodically stirred, so that the planting material is well soaked.
Important! Immersing sevok in the bath, it is best to put it in the grid and attach it with a brick, so that the bag does not float to the surface, and the bow has the opportunity to be well soaked.
Phytospirin is used only to prevent diseases, while it can not prevent the invasion of insects on the onion plant. In addition, this drug will help to resist only certain diseases, such as:
- powdery mildew,
- peronospora or downy mildew,
- onion bacterial rot,
It should be remembered that the use of the drug is recommended strictly according to the instructions. Each type of this preparation has a separate dose of use. For spraying, a solution of phytospirin powder in the ratio of ten grams per half liter of water is suitable, and when soaking they take twenty grams of this preparation. In this case, phytospirin is used after the onions have been soaked in a solution to stimulate growth.
Hydrogen peroxide acts as a disinfectant. Therefore, treating sevka with this preparation, the gardener will disinfect the plant, increase its immunity, which will serve as a growth stimulator. Thus, a plant treated with this drug will subsequently produce a good harvest. Onions are soaked in this solution for no more than five minutes.
Pay attention. Onions are often affected by insects, in particular the onion fly attacks this plant. Most gardeners for this purpose use liquid ammonia. Others use other methods. In particular, pipyrizine tablets are used. Since this drug is used in medicine for removing worms from the human body, its use on the beds is completely harmless. The plant can be taken immediately after processing. In order to treat the damaged onions, the tablets are diluted with water.
In order to completely get rid of this pest in the fall, when preparing the soil for planting onions, it is necessary to deeply dig up the site, since the fly hides in the ground to a depth of twenty centimeters.
Not only is it important to soak the onion seedlings before planting, caring for the plant plays an important role in growing the onion. First of all, it is necessary to understand that soaking onion seedlings is done only to help it grow and develop. But without fertilizer it will not grow. For planting, you need to select high-quality onions, dry and warm them correctly. Moreover, if all the rules of planting and care are fulfilled, the preparation of planting will help give the expected result, and the gardener will get to his table a large juicy onion without damage.
Do onions soak before planting
Not all gardeners apply soaking small bulbs, planting them in the garden. But gradually this method of preparation becomes popular and finds more and more followers, who by their own experience have become convinced that you need to soak the bow before planting. Often this procedure is carried out after heating the bulb near the battery, at a temperature of 35-40 ° C. If you plant large bulbs for forcing greens, you can do without soaking. But in this case, you also need to be sure that the planting material is clean, especially that there is no nematode infection. The pests remain in the soil and infect other plants.
For good growth
It is especially effective to soak the onion in nutrient solutions for those gardeners who live in a climate with a short warm season. The procedure starts the biological processes that contribute to the rapid development. Such preparation of onions for planting in the spring, such as soaking, accelerates its growth and weight gain of succulent scales. Such plants ripen much earlier, managing to form weighty heads. Preplanting vernalization before soaking for 20-22 days accelerates the emergence of shoots for several days. To this end, sevok is stored in a thin layer in spacious containers at a temperature of + 22-24 ° C in a place with good solar lighting.
Then for half a day the planting material can be soaked by choice in infusions of manure, saltpeter or humates. To make the whole head and its juicy scales soaked with liquid, a small slice is made from above, up to or 1 /5 bulb height. Once in a stressful state, the onion activates the process of green growth and filling turnips. More often so profitable soak planting material in large quantities for growing in farms. In a 70-liter tank with water warmed to 40-50 ° C, 5-7 g of saltpeter are added and diluted. Onion soaking lasts up to 15 minutes, which greatly accelerates the development of the root system of heads.
Prevention of pests and diseases
Bulbs before planting should be soaked in solutions with substances that destroy harmful microorganisms, spores, eggs and larvae of various pests of culture. Процедура результативна в борьбе с распространением микроскопического червя, нематоды, который наносит большой ущерб некоторым огородным растениям, в том числе и луку. Наиболее популярны настои для замачивания:
Обеззараживающий эффект будет и после самой простой процедуры: замочить головки для посадки в горячей воде на 6-12 минут. Температура луковой ванны не должна превышать 50 °C. В условиях довольно агрессивной среды при замачивании погибнут споры вредоносных грибков и яйца или личинки различных вредителей. The increased temperature of the onion will be beneficial, accelerating in them the processes of awakening and the formation of sprouts.
Some summer residents prefer to soak sevok in copper sulphate and other folk remedies:
- 3 tablespoons of birch tar are dissolved in 3 liters of water with a temperature of up to 23 ° C and dipped sevok for 2-4 hours,
- On a bucket of the same warm water, take 30 g of dry red pepper powder and 1 tablespoon of diluted laundry soap to soak the onions for 50-100 minutes,
- Another kind of 2-hour solution for soaking onions before planting is created from wood ash diluted in 10 liters of water.
To protect against bolting
Flower stalks on an onion bed appear when the storage regimen storage mode was broken. If in the winter the onions were kept in a cold room, most of the plants will be strelkovo. To avoid depletion of the heads due to the formation of peduncles, planting material is heated for three weeks at room temperature. Or 3-4 days near the heating devices, where the temperature rises to 30 ° C. In the spring, before planting, you need to soak the onions in the selected substance. This procedure will help the bow:
- be cleaned of pathogens and pests,
- will give impetus to the rapid development, if the water for soaking warmed up to 50 ° C.
But treatment in the form of soaking with any preparation and folk remedy will not exclude marksman if the sevok was kept in the cold.
Soak the onions before planting in potassium permanganate
After processing of sevka in potassium permanganate occurs:
- disinfection of heads,
- preventing the development of putrefactive bacteria,
- ridding the soil of the threat of infection by a nematode or disease when disembarking a sick onion.
Sometimes gardeners are reinsured and carry out double soaking sevka. First, it is treated in a saline infusion, then in potassium permanganate. At 10 liters of water take 30-40 g of potassium permanganate, so that the liquid acquired a rich pink color. Approximate algorithm, like a bow before planting soak in potassium permanganate:
- The bulbs are notched on top or left intact, placed in a plastic box or bag, through the cells of which the fluid passes freely.
- Powder is poured into a liter of water and thoroughly stirred to dissolve all the crystals.
- Bred infusion in the rest of the liquid.
- Put sevok in infusion.
Summer residents have no consensus on how to keep onions in potassium permanganate: some are advised to leave for 15 minutes, others are sure that disinfection during soaking occurs within 1.5-3.5 hours. If the bulbs are notched, a quarter of an hour is enough for the disinfecting liquid to penetrate into all the juicy scales.
Soak the onions before planting in soda solution
This substance also disinfects the bulbs, but does not help from the formation of flower stalks, as legend has it. If you dilute the soda in hot water, up to 48-51 ° C, and soak the onions in it, you can start hormonal processes in the heads that block the creation of flower buds. The process is only due to heat stress. Therefore, it is better to soak the onions before planting in soda, diluting 1 teaspoon of powder in a liter of hot water. Keep heads from 10 minutes to 2 hours.
How to soak onions before planting in salt water
A universal way of treating the sev is to soak the onion in salt before planting. For 2 liters of warm water take 2 tablespoons of salt. Some gardeners are advised to prepare a more concentrated solution: 1 kg of salt per 5 liters of water. Prepared, cut from the top of the onion is left in the solution for 2-4 hours. Then the heads are washed with running water and laid out to dry before planting. Soaking the onions before planting in saline solution will provide a disinfected planting material free from introduced diseases. The heads will germinate faster, develop well and form healthy, juicy scales.
Soaking onions before planting in blue vitriol
Copper sulphate is an effective fungicide and at the same time a nutrient for plants. If the soil is poor in copper, onions before planting should be soaked in a solution of this drug. Copper sulfate will protect sevka from fungal and bacterial diseases. The substance belongs to the 3rd class of danger to humans: in order to soak sevok in it, the work is carried out with gloves, neatly. Otherwise there may be a complex irritation of the mucous.
To soak sevok before planting, it is enough to dilute 25-30 g of the drug, or 1 tablespoon of a slide in 10 liters of water. Sevok hold in infusion for half an hour. Other summer residents disinfect heads for planting in a hot solution of copper sulfate, temperatures up to 55 ° C. Sevok put in a mesh bag and dip into the liquid for only 1-2 minutes. After the disinfectant bath, the bulbs are washed and laid out to dry in the sun.
Preparations for the disinfection of onions
In solutions of various industrial preparations it is also possible to soak the onions properly before planting. Apply more often:
In addition to these, there are other drugs for decontamination and growth stimulation.
Using chemical or organomineral agents, follow the instructions on the package. Usually water is heated to 40 ° C. In the “Maxim” fungicide, it is enough to soak the bulbs for 30 minutes, in the Epin stimulator solution - up to 15 minutes. In "Fitosporine-M", the heads of a sevka hold for two hours. Mandatory drying after soaking before planting.
Soak a bow for planting is desirable to protect the site from the spread of disease. Purchased planting material must be treated, cutting off the tops, because pests often penetrate into succulent scales, and not only remain on the bottom. After warming up and other proper preparation a healthy and good harvest is ensured.
In addition to potassium permanganate, can you soak a bow before planting?
I soak in a solution of salt - 1 tablespoon to 1 liter of water. For the night. In the morning, without rinsing, proceed to landing.
I do this procedure so that the onions are not damaged by soil pests that have been starved after wintering. Always with a bow! 2 years ago from Tamara Kozlov0 vote and the question. what for ? it is clear that I want to dunk from something. but the land is also not sterile. 2 years ago from StrikeStar0 votes You can soak in salt water: 1st. l to 1 l of water for two hours, then rinse and for another two hours in water with manganese. The earth, of course, is not sterile, but we disinfect the seeds.2 years ago from kamel-k
Talk about specific planting numbers in relation to the bow is not necessary. Sevok planted when the earth warms to a depth of 6-10 centimeters.
If you focus on the weather, then early and warm spring can be planted at the end of April. You can not plant onions in the cold ground, but you can not delay the landing either. The main reference point is the temperature of the soil, which should not be below + 12 ° C.
Preparation of planting material
It is very important to prepare the planting material. If sevok was purchased, it should be dried. Grown up personally and kept at a temperature below + 18 ° C - warm up.
Warming up the onions is a long process, carried out in several stages. Stage 1. At a temperature of + 20 ° C, the onion must be kept from 15 to 20 days. Stage 2. Maintain onions for 8-10 hours at a temperature of + 30 ° C to + 40 ° C . It is important not to overdo it. The heated sevok is treated with a growth stimulator before planting. If a step-by-step preparation is not possible, it is necessary to perform the following procedure immediately before planting the culture:
- soak sevka in water with a temperature of + 45 ° C - + 50 ° C for no more than 10-15 minutes, after the above time immediately immerse the planting material in cold water also 10-15 minutes, put sevok for 5-6 hours in a solution of complex mineral fertilizers.
Mandatory procedure that must be carried out before planting onion sets - disinfection. For processing, both a weak solution of potassium permanganate and a solution of blue vitriol (35 grams per 10 liters of water) are suitable.There is a method, the so-called grandmother’s secret of planting onion seedlings, which is as follows:
- planting material is dried for 7 days, the temperature should be from + 20 ° C to + 25 ° C, before planting the bulbs are soaked for 3 hours in saline solution (2 tablespoons salt for 2 liters of water), the bulbs are washed, sevok immersed in a dark solution potassium permanganate for 2 hours, washed again,
At this work on the preparation of planting for planting end.
Before you prepare the soil, you need to choose a plot for planting. It is important to know that the onion is a light-loving plant, so the area where it will grow should be open and well lit. This culture is moisture-loving, but does not tolerate excessive water, so you should avoid areas where groundwater passes. Soil for this culture begins cook in the fall. Onions - amateur loose, nutritious soil, so be sure to:
- to dig the earth to a depth of 15 to 20 cm, to apply fertilizer from rotted manure (you can fertilize with peat compost).
The important point is that it is necessary to fertilize the soil at this stage of soil preparation, it is strictly forbidden to add organic fertilizer to the soil before planting in order to avoid the growth of the upper part of the plant and the dormancy of the lower one, as well as the appearance of weeds. Before planting, it is contraindicated to make humus and chicken droppings.
It is necessary to consider the level of acidity of the soil. If the soil is acidic, it is necessary to liming one of the following components:
Do I need to soak and what, onion sets before planting?
No, such a bow is not soaked. Its just dry poke into the ground. Well if the ground is slightly wet.
But the bow itself is not reported wet. His then plant will be uncomfortable, he will stick to his hands. And watering on top of a ready-made garden bed is no longer necessary.
The earth will crust and young onions will be hard to germinate.
question author chose this answer as the best comment Loreley over a year ago
If you buy onion sets from a trusted manufacturer, then you can not soak the onions in anything, it should grow without special training. Some gardeners plant onion sets dry, some believe that the onions should be soaked in warm water no higher than 38 degrees Celsius for ten to fifteen hours. Sometimes it is advised to soak the onions in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. at temperatures up to 38-40 degrees, for example, putting next to the central heating battery. This procedure reduces the likelihood of bow shooting and improves survival.
Before planting onions, it is better to soak in warm water, then in a solution of potassium permanganate, you can soak in a solution of sodium chloride, and you can use stimulants. The whole point is that it is more important for the gardener: plant faster, for example, if there is no time for planting on favorable days.
Or plant, as required by the technology of growing onion turnips. Soaked onion gives friendly shoots. As for the tips on warming seed onions before planting, this is not necessary if the sevok was kept warm in winter.
If the onions were stored at low temperatures, then the onions need to be heated, otherwise there will be a lot of arrows, which will lead to a decrease in yield.
Soak the onions before planting
Onions are most often planted on a bed not with seeds, but with already prepared onion of medium size, from which they remove the upper layers of the peel, soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate and sorted in order to increase the yield and create immunity against seasonal diseases. Family onions for planting need to be prepared in advance so that he took the roots, so it is removed from the tank for storage and placed in a lit place, put on the windowsill, pre-moistened in water. But onion sets soaked just before planting.
How to prepare onions for planting?
In the house you need to create all the conditions for the onions to plant roots before planting. To do this, onion is placed next to the gas stove, put near the battery, on the windowsill, next to the oil heater. If the temperature reaches 25 ° C, then the onions will sprout in a week.
It will heat up from the inside and will be qualitatively ready for planting in the open field. Family onions are most susceptible to insects and fungi, so for disinfecting the upper layers, soaking onions before planting is necessary. The solution can be prepared with your own hands.
To exclude nematode infection, onions are soaked in saline. To do this, dilute 3 cups of salt in a bucket of water, the culture should stand for 3 days in this liquid, after which the onions can be planted.
Onion sets are soaked in front of the direct seeding, as it is small in itself. For onions the main thing is mineralizationAll seeds will be ready for sowing at the same time, if you put them together by collecting them in a mesh, into a solution of mineral fertilizer diluted with water.
For example, a copper sulphate saves from pests and fungus and is family-friendly, and onion-seed (1 tsp. Of funds for a bucket of water). In the onion solution should stay for 2 days, then each of the onions should be washed with running water (it is better to do it with a hose). To keep the necessary substances in the soil, you can plant garlic and carrots next to the onion beds, which frighten the onion fly and , increase the yield of a number of growing crops.
Little about antisepticsThe solution of copper sulphate is used in vegetable production everywhere. For onions we will make a hot antiseptic bath with vitriol.
We breed by eye to the extent that the liquid becomes bluish, the water should have a temperature of at least 60 ° C. Lower the onions for 1-2 minutes and remove, rinse with cool water. After 5-6 hours the onion is completely saturated and will be ready for planting.
Remember that vitriol protects against most seasonal diseases and pests. To save the onions from rotting, it is soaked in a solution of water and wood ash. Several glasses of ash are diluted in a bucket of water and put onions in a fishnet for 2-3 hours.
Then the vegetable is taken out, dried on a towel and planted. From phyla also rescues phytosporin, from which a growth stimulator takes the baton. After soaking, the onions should dry properly, moisture with minerals should be absorbed, and your future vegetables in the garden will be healthy, grow strong and will be stored for a long time in winter.
After soaking the onion should be immediately planted or stored at an average temperature, the cold for the plant in this form is destructive. Well, if the soil is warmed up and sufficiently moist, the sprouts will not take long to wait.
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Is it necessary to soak the onions before planting? - such is the question in the form of a meager line, I constantly get to my email. It is not difficult to guess that it is being asked by people who are just starting to try themselves in forcing a bow.
And immediately a counter question arises, this question ripens with laziness to work? I have already written quite a lot about the fact that I always soak a bow before planting and for me it is a MANDATORY action, I wrote it here - in a blog and wrote on the forum, but the question for some still remains open.
How else to explain what would be clear. but I will certainly try, and then you decide whether to soak the onions before planting or not. If you are engaged in forcing the pen at a scale close to industrial, then soak the turnip of the onions before planting it on the shelves, a waste of time and energy to heat the water. There can not do a basin.
But there is another reason why, on such a scale, this is practically not done. The fact is that a newcomer will not immediately undertake such a scale in the first season, but will try himself in this matter and find a permanent place to buy a suitable turnip.
When you know a field, you know a farmer who sells planting material, when you have been working with him for more than one year, the risks are minimized. Although not excluded at all, but in any case everything is solved in the end. This applies to experienced bowers. Now, as for the novice.
A newcomer risks a lot more, because onions for planting forcing green onions have to buy on wholesale markets, ad from warehouses, etc., and there is no complete history of this onion. Where it came from, the conditions under which it was grown, and especially under what conditions and under what weather the crop was harvested on the field, it is unknown what pests lived on the field, what was processed, etc.
As a result, if any kind of adverse flora and fauna was present on the field, then she arrived safely along with the planting material. After that, it just roams on the shelf of your greenhouse and delivers a lot of unpleasant surprises. I don’t throw out onions on a gigantic scale, and I find the time for soaking, this is an obligatory process for me, not a part of forcing the pen.
I do not want to risk the harvest and money, I do not want to look for ways to solve the problem and get rid of the misfortune. Unfortunately, we don’t have good planting material in the region, and I have to take a turnip for planting in the wholesale markets as well, so I prefer to protect myself.
Moreover, I already have experience in this business, I twice encountered problems where I lost not only profit, but also could not return the money invested. The first time I bought planting material, the year before, which was collected in terrible conditions, it was raining and damp, the onions just did not dry out and began to rot on the shelves.
Многие луководы меня сейчас понимают, о чем я говорю, так как потеряли в то время тоже не малые деньги. Но жизнь продолжается. В прошлом году я заказал одну партию лука с хранилища, к сожалению посадочный материал был заражен трипсой и луковой мухой.
Свои деньги я кое как вернул, но прибыль мною была утерена. С виду, лук был сухой, чистый и отличный, а на деле стал портиться, вянуть, желтеть т.д..
But everything would be fine, but to get rid of all this was hard labor, a lot of time was lost. Zamachivanie in turn, gives you some chances to protect yourself and save your crop. Since at + 40-50 degrees, almost all the flora and fauna perishes.
It is necessary to soak only trimmed onions, which contributes not only to heat treatment, but also water penetrates between the scales of onions. It makes no sense to soak a uncircled onion.
The maximum that this will affect is on the bottom of the bow, and everything that lives inside will continue to live on. water. Water temperature is + 40-50, I hold a bag in water for 5-10 minutes and pull it out for further landing.
This procedure is only for disinfecting material. 2- soaking in a solution of nitrate. In a construction black bath with a volume of 70 liters of water, already warmed up to + 40-50 degrees, I pour out a teaspoon of saltpeter.
Soak the onions for 15 minutes. (I use this method only at the beginning of the season) This procedure affects the decontamination of onions and accelerates the appearance of the root mass. 3. Soaking in a solution of potassium permanganate. Manganese is added to cold water and a weak solution of potassium permanganate is obtained.
I keep onions in water for 15 minutes. I use this method when there is no time for water heating. I cannot say how effective he is, but later there were no problems with onions. 4. Soaking in a solution of Epin-Extra.
Pour one capsule into the heated water and soak the onions for 10-15 minutes. Warm water disinfects, and the drug accelerates the germination of the roots and the feather itself.
I cannot say about the effectiveness of this method, but some changes in terms of forcing periods were noticeable. Well, in principle, I think that I answered the question more than fully. Thank you all for your attention, use.P.
S. But somehow, there are times when you have to take risks. Recently I took a batch of very small onions and did not cut the tails, therefore I did not soak the onions. Now I hope to carry ...
To soak onion sevok need to properly prepare. For this, an extra peel is removed from the onion, and the tip is trimmed. Cut the onions should be very careful not to damage the germs of the shoots, otherwise the first feathers will grow poorly and crooked. If sevok is not cut, then the particles of the solution will not be able to penetrate the inside of the bulb and only the root system will be disinfected.
To prepare the solution is better to take warm water about 40 degrees. An exception is the solution obtained from potassium permanganate. Manganese grains dissolve well in cold water.
For soaking, you can use a variety of compositions. The most famous budget options are salt and manganese solutions. By their action, they are not inferior to special drugs. When choosing industrial preparations for preparing a solution, it is necessary to check the expiration dates.
For soaking sev in hot water, a solution of manganese or nitrate for the convenience of extracting the bulbs are placed in a net or nylon stocking. After soaking the onions before planting, be sure to rinse with clean water.
- bulbs that have surfaced during soaking are not suitable for planting,
- large bulbs will grow from planting material, in which all the roots sprout on the bottom,
- onions with partially germinated roots are planted on a green feather.
3 reasons for presowing soaking onion stub
With the question of the obligatory soaking of onion seedlings before planting on the beds faced by all the owners of personal plots. Onions are quite unpretentious and grows even with minimal care.
However, experienced gardeners know that preplant preparation, including soaking, is simply necessary to get a good harvest.
There are 3 main arguments to soak the onions in a specially prepared solution before planting:
- Reducing the likelihood of bolting. When used for soaking hot water, planting material is subjected to temperature stress, which contributes to the development of substances that prevent the formation of kidneys and marksmanship onions. Any heating of the bulbs has a similar effect.
- Acceleration of emergence and maturation. Even a short time the bulbs in the water leads to the appearance of the first roots on the bottom. Sprouted before planting roots significantly accelerate the appearance of onion feathers. The additional sowing of water by the seed also contributes to an increase in yield. This factor is especially relevant for the northern regions, where a short summer requires an earlier harvest,
- Protection against diseases and pests. Keeping onion sevka in water solutions destroys the larvae of pests, promotes disinfection and disinfection of plantings. Properly soaking the spring bulbs, you can not worry about mold and rot, to prevent an attack on the shoots of onion flies and other small pests.
Situations in which the soaking of onion seedlings is mandatory
Under certain conditions, when the bulbs were stored throughout the winter at a constant room temperature above 18 degrees, crop rotation is correctly observed and there is a 100% certainty that the planting material is clean and not infected with anything, then the soaking process can be skipped before planting.
But there are situations when the steeping of the bulbs must be included in the preplant treatment:
- Storage at low temperatures. As a result, the formation of flower buds is stimulated, such a bow will actively broach.
- Purchase of planting material in the store or on the market. It is not known under what conditions such onions were grown and kept, whether there were any diseases and pests in the plantings. In this case, it is better to carry out preventive measures in the form of soaking the bulbs, than to deal with possible problems during cultivation.
- There is no opportunity to observe crop rotation. The annual planting of onion crops at the same place can cause the bulbs to become infected by onion fly larvae or pathogens of bacterial diseases.
- Last year, an onion fly was spotted in the onion. Soaking onion seed in a salt or other disinfecting solution is an effective means of getting rid of the larvae of the onion fly without the use of insecticides.
If it is right to soak the onion sevka even in simple salt water, it will still be a wonderful help in obtaining a large crop of large healthy bulbs.