Rosa Westerland was created by German breeder Cordes in 1969. This captivating look with its unique color of the flower appeared by combining two srub of park roses - Circus and Fribrich Walrain. Rose Westerland - unpretentious and sustainable plant, because of what is very popular among gardeners and florists.
Characteristics and description of the variety Westerland
The name of the park rose Westerland is borrowed from the town located on the island of Sylt, which belongs to Germany. The plant is interesting in that it can be grown as climbing, and bush.
Shrub kordes resistant to frost and growing rapidly. On average, the bush grows up to 1.7 m in height, and a climbing rose is up to 2-2.5 m. In width it grows by 110 cm. There are many branches on the bush with an average number of thorns. Leaves beautiful elongated shape, dark green with a glossy sheen. The branches are hung with delightful cups, semi double, large (10 cm in diameter) buds.
The color of the flower is generally impressive. Yellow, orange, salmon, apricot, coral, pink, golden - such a variety of tones is present in one bud. The color of the middle is golden yellow. Flower petals shimmer with different shades, which affects the weather and time of day.
Flowering occurs in the month of May and lasts until late autumn. Rose has a strong, pleasant, lasting fragrance.
How to plant a rose Westerland
For planting roses fit both spring and autumn. Before you start planting, you must determine the place. Rosa Westerland does not like the scorching sun. Therefore, it is necessary to grow it where it will be illuminated by sunlight only in the morning and in the evening, and in the afternoon - shaded.
The plant must be protected from winds and drafts, but it is necessary that the landing site is ventilated. Planting a rose, especially climbing, can be near the walls, fence, arches. It is better to choose a place for landing on the south side of the house, it is good if it is on a hill. The recommended soil for growing plants is black soil.
Before planting, put the seedlings into the water, adding a growth stimulator. How to plant a rose Westerland:
- dig a hole 50x50x50 cm
- pour drainage 10 cm thick to the bottom,
- lay out a layer of 10 cm organic fertilizer. You can use compost or fermented humus,
- place the soil mixture on top
- remove the foliage and damaged branches from the seedling,
- plant placed in the hole. The vaccination site should be 3 cm under the soil,
- planted roses to water and spud.
Some time after planting the plant needs abundant watering necessary to stimulate high-quality and active rooting. It is recommended to water in the morning with warm water. To ensure the flow of air to the root system, it is necessary to loosen the soil around the seedling after irrigation.
How to care for a rose westerland
Although this rose scrub is unpretentious, some care is needed. The flower is drought-resistant, but it must be watered regularly and so that water does not fall on the buds and does not erode the earth around the bush. It is especially important to provide the plant with moisture in hot weather.
To ensure the flow of air to the roots, around the bush you need to periodically loosen the ground, while removing weeds. In spring and summer, the plant must be fed. Nitrogen is used for spring feeding. For summer feeding phosphate and potash fertilizers are added to the ground.
No less necessary procedure in the care of the flower is pruning. It will allow you to create a beautiful shape of the bush, rejuvenate a more mature plant and enhance the flowering of the young. During circumcision, all old, weak and diseased branches are removed. You also need to cut off the flowering buds, so that the rose blooms again. The trimming tool must be sharp and disinfected.
Rose Westerland has a high winter hardiness. But nevertheless with the arrival of cold weather we recommend to cover it. For shelter, you can use fallen leaves and spruce branches. Put nonwoven fabric on top.
It is possible to propagate a rose by cuttings from the bush. In the first case, the seedlings are prepared in July. They are cut from the floor of lignified stems after they have finished flowering. The prepared cuttings are lowered into the root growth stimulator, then planted in a plastic container or pot (for one seedling) to a depth of 2.5–3 cm.
The distance between the seedlings should be 5 cm apart. Land need a little tamp and pour. Cover with a lid. Put the plant in a room with a temperature of +20 degrees and 97% humidity. Spray saplings regularly with water. The roots should appear after 30 days, after which the plant can be planted in the ground.
The second method involves the division of the bush. Vegetatively growing roses should be carried out early in spring, in March or April. For this you need to do the following steps:
- prepare the necessary work tool
- a well-grown bush to dig up from the ground
- divided into 3-4 parts with a sharp knife,
- on each part there should be from 2 to 5 shoots,
- shorten the stems so that they have 3-4 buds,
- cut off excess branches, remove damaged and too long roots,
- process the roots with a solution of equal parts of mullein and clay,
- seedlings planted in the ground, sending the upper buds sideways or outwards.
If everything is done correctly, the bush of Westerland rose will grow into the correct beautiful shape during growth.
Rosa Westerland - spectacular garden decoration
The delightful creation of Cordes easily decorate any garden. Shrub rose grows well, so it will be beautiful and elegant look one bush. And with the right neighbors will look even more spectacular and more attractive.
To make the floral arrangement not too motley, it is better to plant yellow and blue flowers next to the rose. A good option would be marigolds, Santolina cypress, mordovnik, lavender. The perfect combination of roses will work with plants with silvery foliage, such as blue-headed fescue, wormwood, Byzantine chistis.
Climbing rose Westerland will be a great decoration for balconies, walls of the house, canopy. With its help, you can create beautiful living arches and fences, decorate columns and flower beds. Thanks to its pomp, grace and delightful color, the Westerland rose will perfectly decorate not only the garden, but also any architectural structure.
History of origin
The name Westerland rose was borrowed from the eponymous small town on the island of Sylt (Germany). The originator of this plant was the famous German breeder Cordes (Kordes). In 1969, as a result of the crossing of two varieties of Floribunta park roses (in particular, they were the white-pink-coral rose Circus and the yellow-golden Friedrich Worlein) a new flower appeared. Due to its unique qualities, Westerland is recognized by gardeners in many countries around the world. Attracts the attention of florists not only interesting and bright appearance, but also such qualities as resistance to frost and rain, unpretentiousness in the cultivation and care, resistance to various diseases, prolonged flowering.
From the words of experts, this fast-growing and winter-hardy flower can be both bush and climbing. The second type is most often found in the southern regions of Russia or in countries with a moderately warm climate. The average height of the plant is 170 cm. However, climbing a rose can reach 2–2.4 m in height, which is very convenient in the formation of arches and other flower arrangements for garden decoration.
The width of the bush is 110 cm. It has a persistent aroma, which is caught at a distance of one meter. Bush branching and quite prickly. It has a beautiful elongated foliage saturated, even a dim green color. Rose Westernland has beautiful semi-double flowers. Butonov many, hung on the branches often. In diameter, one rose flower is 10–11 cm.
And the most unique is the color of the buds. In one flower harmoniously combined pink, coral, salmon, yellow, orange, apricot and golden hues. The middle has a golden yellow color, but the edges of the petals can "play" with different colors depending on the weather and time of day. The flowering period begins in May and lasts throughout the summer. The entire growing season bush densely covered with flower buds.
Having taken up the choice of a place for planting a Westerland rose, do not forget that direct sunlight is not safe for the plant. UV rays are capable of leaving burns, so the area where there is morning or evening sun is considered ideal. Strong winds are also undesirable, but garden roses do not like complete calm.
The area selected for planting should have good air circulation.
It is better to plant a seedling in black soil. You dig a hole about 50x50x50 cm in size. The bottom is covered with drainage (crushed stone, small pebbles, gravel of large sizes, etc.), the height of this layer is at least 10 cm.
The next layer - natural fertilizers (compost or rotted manure) - must also be at least 10 cm. And already on top of the fertilizers is garden soil, in which the rose seedling will be placed. Please note that the vaccination site must be covered with soil (3 cm or more). The first time after planting requires abundant watering, but try not to re-moisten the soil.
Caring for a rose Westerland is simple and easy. It is enough to periodically fluff the soil in order to give air to the roots, water, seasonally feed, trim and carry out disease prevention. Despite the high level of drought tolerance, the flower loves moisture, especially in the hot season.
Feeding should be carried out twice a year:
- spring - nitrogen
- in the summer - potassium and phosphorus.
According to the recommendations of experienced gardeners, the first year of the plant must be cut to prevent it from blooming. In August, you need to leave a few buds on each of the shoots, so that fruits will form there in the fall. When the air temperature is from minus 7 degrees Celsius, the plant will need a shelter; previously, the bush spouts spruce branches.
History and characteristics
Several years ago, this variety was grown exclusively in Germany. But today gardeners all over the world fell in love with him. Five years after hatching, this variety of roses did not receive an ADR certificate. But after this period, the variety has spread to various countries. In hot areas, this plant culture was grown as climbing, but in some areas, gardeners grow large tall bushes up to 170 cm with a wide crown.
With the observance of the cultivation technology, the bush can reach 2 m. The shoots of the plant are thick and very powerful. They develop well, are distinguished by a medium degree of zolotchennosti. The foliage is olive and glossy. It harmoniously contrasts with the flowers of pink-orange delicate color.
This plant is characterized by repeated flowering. Due to this, with proper care, plant culture varieties Westerland can bloom during the summer months. At observance of all rules of cultivation, the buds at the stage of not yet full disclosure acquire a bright orange hue. As the bud blooms, the flower becomes reddish.
After full blooming flowers terry. They are slightly drooping, have a cup shape. Collected in small, but very attractive inflorescences. The aroma is pleasant and remains throughout the entire period of flowering. On a 5-point scale, odor is rated at 4 points.
Features of growing
In order for the bush to bloom abundantly, seedlings before planting should be soaked in water. It is advisable to add growth stimulant to water. Before planting in the ground, be sure to remove loose and damaged shoots. This is done using regular trimming. The planting pit for one seedling should have a depth of 50 cm and approximately the same width.
The first 14 days after planting it should be watered abundantly. Moisture will promote fast and high-quality rooting. Water this crop in the early morning. Water must be separated and warm. Make sure that the moisture does not fall on the flowers and buds. In addition, water should not wash out the soil in close proximity to the root system.
Do not forget to regularly loosen the soil. Perform this procedure not too deep. This will improve the flow of air to the root system of the bush. If frequent weeding and watering is not possible, cover the bushes with organic mulch. Sawdust will do. To improve the decorativeness of the bushes, regularly feed.
In winter, experts advise to cover the bushes with spruce branches. Also as a shelter you can use fallen leaves. In the latter case, it is recommended to tension the nonwoven fabric from above.
If you follow all these rules, the bush will develop normally and intensively. Flowering will be abundant, pleasing the eye.
There are two methods of propagation of roses "Westerland" - cuttings and vegetatively. We describe each in detail.
Preparing cuttings can be from the beginning of July. To do it right, follow these steps:
- Secateurs are cut from the bush half-woody shoots that have just faded.
- Need to cut over the kidney, which is located on the outer side of the crown.
- The cut itself must be inclined.
- All greens on top can be removed, it is not needed.
- The cuttings are cut from the lower and middle parts of the shoot, with each interstitial cutting having one leaf at the top.
- Then they can be treated with a root growth stimulator, but this is not necessary, and under all conditions they will grow well.
- For planting, you will need a plastic container with a lid (you can use a canister of drinking water for this, cutting it in half and using the top part as a lid).
- Cuttings need to be planted in a container to a depth of 2.5-3 cm with a distance of 5 cm from each other.
- Seal the soil in the container, evenly pour the cuttings and cover with the top.
- Conditions that contribute to the successful rooting of cuttings include high air humidity (97-98%) and a temperature of about +20 ° C.
- Cuttings should be regularly sprayed with water.
- A month later, they will have roots.
- For the winter season, it is desirable to cover the rooted stem with lutrasil.
- Young roses will be ready for planting next year.
- In early spring (March or April), an overgrown bush is dug out and divided into several parts with a sharp knife.
- The result should be 3-4 bush with 2-5 shoots.
- After that, on the separated bushes need to shorten the long damaged roots and remove the extra twigs.
- Shoots are also shortened to 3-4 buds.
- The roots of seedlings before planting, it is desirable to process a talker, for which you need to mix clay and cow manure in a ratio of 1: 1.
- Now you can plant roses in the ground.
- In order for the bushes to grow in their proper shape during growth, the upper buds must be directed outward or to the side.
Video Review of the Rose Westerland
Rose "Westerland": reviews
I saw Chippendale and really want to plant her. But to compare her and Westerland is not a thankful matter. Absolutely different roses - flowering type, growth
Thought all the skullcap, but no, survived beautiful. I really like its strong aroma, and it is not necessary to smell it, it spreads around. The first smell that meets me in the morning, when I go out on the porch at the time of flowering roses.
This rose can be bush and climbing. In those regions where the climate is warm, its branches grow long and weaving, so there it will be attributed to climbing roses. In the northern areas, the Westerland rose looks like a shrub.
Adult bushes reach 2 m in height, 1.1 m wide. The bush is distinguished by a high growth rate, strongly branched, upright.
Flowers have a distinct aroma that is felt from a distance. Semi-double flowers with a diameter of 10-11 cm are densely located on the branches (see photo).
In one flower in an amazing way several beautiful shades are collected - coral, pink, salmon, yellow, golden and orange. Shades of petals vary depending on the weather and lighting.
The leaves are glossy, dark green, beautifully elongated. The number of spines is average. This rose begins to bloom in May, and until late autumn it pleases the eye with its matchless beauty and aroma of flowers.
Roses not only decorate our lives, but also have an aromatherapy effect. It is believed that a person who inhales the scent of a rose every day becomes happier, benevolent, and balanced.
To decorate parks and gardens, Westerland Rose is simply indispensable. It can be used for the formation of fences and arbors, it looks great and in solitary form. Поскольку у этого сорта очень яркие цветы, то в композициях с ней ландшафтные дизайнеры рекомендуют высаживать более скромного вида растения.
Хорошо сочетаются эти прекрасные розовые кусты с сантолиной кипарисовидной, желтыми бархатцами, сизой овсяницей, византийским чистецом и полынью.
Выбор места и условия содержания
When choosing a site for planting in the first place it should be borne in mind that the rose Westerland does not like direct sunlight, they can cause burns of its delicate petals. The best place for it is where the sunlight comes in the morning and in the evening, and in the middle of the day it is in the shade. The most suitable location of the shrub is at the southern wall of the building.
Undesirable for roses and blown by cold winds of the place, but also the stagnation of air should also be avoided.
The most suitable soil is black soil. With a close location of groundwater it is necessary to raise the landing site with the help of an embankment. The soil in the landing area must be air- and water-permeable.
In the southern regions, where frost is rare in winter, you can get by with a snow shelter. In the northern regions already at a temperature of -5 degrees the bush must be covered.
Since the branches of the rose Westerland grow long, with many buds, they often break if they do not have support. The most reliable support can serve as the walls of the building, fences, nets, pergolas, arches and gazebos, special cones and pillars, shoots are tied to them.
Preparing for landing
You can plant roses in spring or autumn. On the eve of landing produce the following actions:
- Seedlings inspect and remove the leaves, weakened and damaged shoots.
- Before planting, the roots of seedlings are soaked in water with a growth stimulator.
- If the soil is clay, then sand is added to it when digging, and vice versa, if the soil is sandy, then clay is mixed with it.
- If the soil is infertile, then add humus, humus and some phosphates to it.
- Dig holes 50 * 50 * 50 at a distance of 50 cm from each other and from the wall of the building.
- Pour a layer of pebble, crushed stone or gravel 10 cm high at the bottom of the pit.
- Put compost or manure over the drainage layer at the same height.
- Fill the soil mix with the last layer.
- Place the prepared seedling on the soil mixture and spread its roots.
- Dust the seedling with earth and lightly ram it.
- Well water and spud.
After planting the roses will require frequent watering, which is produced in the morning with warm water. So seedlings take root faster and grow better.
Rules for the care and cultivation of roses Westerland in the garden
Watered roses in the morning with warm water, especially the need for regular watering of young plants. In the heat of watering produce more often, with high humidity - less. When watering it is necessary to ensure that water does not fall on the flowers and buds, this can cause their further sunburn. Strong stream can not be cast under the roots, so as not to erode the root soil.
Loosening and mulching
In order to prevent the formation of a waterproof crust on the soil around the bush, after watering, the ground must be loosened shallowly.
If it is not possible to water the bush often, the root circle mulch with sawdust, this allows you to retain moisture and protects against excessive weeds. If, however, weeds germinate, they must be weeded carefully and in a timely manner.
Fertilize rose bushes 2 times a year. In the spring, before the beginning of the active growing season, nitrogen fertilizers are applied, and in the summer before the start of flowering, potash and phosphate fertilizers. They are purchased in specialized stores and clearly follow the instructions. In July, feeding is stopped so that the plant is prepared for the winter dormancy period.
Experienced gardeners recommend that in the first year of their life, a young rose bush should be cut so as to prevent it from blooming. In the spring before the movement of juices, sanitary pruning is performed, at which damaged and weak shoots are removed.
Given the strong growth of the branches and their susceptibility to breaking, pruning before winter should be done so as to form a low and stable plant.
If the rose bush for some reason needs to be transplanted, then it is better to do it in spring or autumn. The park rose Westerland belongs to transplant normally and adapts quickly and takes root in a new place.
Reproduction by cutting
- In early July, lignified shoots are cut from the bush, which have faded. The cut is made obliquely above the kidney, located on the outer part of the crown.
- The cuttings are cut from the upper and middle parts of the shoots, all leaves except one are removed.
- The cuttings are treated with a growth stimulator and planted in a plastic container to a depth of 2.5-3 cm and at a distance of 5 cm from each other.
- The earth around the cuttings is slightly compacted and covered with a lid.
- Withstand ambient temperatures of + 20 degrees and humidity 98%. To do this, regularly make spraying water. In a month there will be roots.
- For the winter, the cuttings are covered with lutrasil.
- They will be ready for landing next year.
Vegetative breeding method
- In March and April, they dig up a large bush and divide it into 3-4 shrubs with 2-5 shoots with a sharp knife.
- On all the resulting seedlings remove too long roots, and cut off the excess twigs. The shoots are shortened to 3-4 buds.
- The roots of seedlings treated with a solution of clay and cow manure.
- Planted in the ground bushes in the usual way.
Flower growers reviews about park rose Westerland
Summarizing the reviews of flower growers and landscape designers, we can draw conclusions about the undeniable advantages of this variety:
- Beautiful colors.
- Wonderful strong aroma.
- Long flowering period.
- Unpretentious care.
- Frost resistance
- High degree of resistance to diseases.
Of the shortcomings should be noted:
- Tendency to very rapid growth and fragility of shoots, the need to support.
- Too short flowering time of one flower is 1.5 days.
- The need for shelter for the winter.
In the care of the plant is nothing complicated and burdensome. Do the following:
- Periodically flush the soil to ensure air flow to the roots,
- Feed seasonally
- To produce pruning and disease prevention.
Westerland flower has high level of drought tolerancebut loves moisture, especially during hot seasons. Top dressing westerland carried out twice a year:
- in the spring - with nitrogen,
- in the summer - potassium and phosphorus.
Top dressing ends in July, so that the plant has time to prepare for wintering. Watering is carried out as needed, as well as removal of faded buds with a cut above the leaf. In autumn, fallen leaves are harvested, otherwise pests can settle in it for the winter. In winter, the bushes are cut, and the flower is covered with spruce branches.
In the spring overwintered roses open, prune old branches, young shoots are shortened by 25 cm. In cool, rainy weather black spots may appear on the leaves.
Damaged leaves are removed or treated with a fungicide. Experienced gardeners recommend cutting the plant for the first year so that westerland does not bloom. In August, several buds are left on each shoot, so that fruits will appear in autumn. When the air temperature is from -7 ° C, the flower needs shelter, and the bush is pre-spud with lapnik.
The flower is well suited for the formation of fragrant and dense hedges. Since the bush grows well, it looks great in single landings, but it looks even more spectacular in a competently chosen "company". Choosing neighbors for a rose w esterland with its bright unusual petals should be approached carefully so that the composition does not turn out to be too variegated and tasteless. Successful combinations will be able to make with santolina cypress and yellow marigolds. Add elegance will help plants with silver leaves:
- gray fescue,
- Chistets Byzantine,
A bolder solution would be to combine with blue colors: narrow-leaved lavender, catnip, mordovnik, veronika spikelet.
In growing and caring for westerland garden roses there are no big differences from the cultivation technology of other garden roses:
- In the first weeks after planting the flower, irrigation is simply necessary to promote better and faster rooting.
- Watering is done in the early morning with warm water.
- It is necessary to protect flowers and buds from moisture and make sure that the water jet does not erode the soil from the root system.
- After watering, it is desirable to make a shallow loosening of the soil, which improves the air flow to the roots.
- It is necessary to monitor the purity of flower beds and flower beds with roses and regularly weed the plants.
- To reduce the number of irrigations and weed soils are covered with sawdust - organic mulch.
- To increase the decorativeness of the bushes, it is recommended to regularly feed the flowers.
- When sanitary pruning necessarily remove old, sick and weak shoots.
It is recommended to cover bushes with spruce leaves or fallen leaves over which nonwoven fabric is stretched for the winter.
The frost resistance of roses Westerland is rated very high. Only in very cold winters there is a slight freezing of the shoots. The disadvantages can be attributed to the tendency to rapid regrowth, increased fragility of the shoots due to wind or under a load of flowers. Therefore, it is necessary to regularly pruning, which will allow to form a low and stable plant. Allowed to place the bush on supports and the subsequent tying of shoots.