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Pelargonium care at home Reproduction Growing from seed Pruning Transplant

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These flowers live on our window sills for more than one century. Out of habit, we call them geraniums, although in reality it is pelargonium. A relative of field geraniums, together with her she is included in one family - Gerania. Pelargonium care at home is simple, and a huge variety of varieties will allow everyone to choose a plant to your taste.

Appearance

Pelargonium is a perennial herbaceous plant, some varieties of which are presented in the form of semi-shrubs. Plant height is from 30 to 80 cm. Stems - upright, slightly branched. The shape of the leaves is not the same; each variety of pelargonium possesses different leaves (simple, palmar-dissected, palmate and others).

Flowers in a wild plant are much smaller in size than flowers in ornamental geranium species. They can be different colors. Inflorescences are small-flowered or many-flowered, mostly umbrella-shaped. Flowers of the plant can be simple or terry, as well as monochromatic or bicolor.

Pelargonium care at home

Plant care does not make you spend a lot of time. Performing all the prescriptions of you, healthy flowering pelargonium will constantly please. Lighting flower prefers in sufficient quantities. Then he does not lose the decorative look. It is better to shade from direct sunlight, and in the winter period with a lack of lighting it is better to add additional light sources.
The temperature regime for pelargonium should correspond to 20-25 degrees in summer and about 15 degrees in winter.

Do I need to replant pelargonium after purchase

Since shops usually sell flowers in disposable containers and with improper soil, it makes sense to transplant the plant, but only if the pelargonium does not bloom. For planting should use a mixture of sand, turf and leaf soil, humus (1: 2: 2: 2).

If the desire to mess with the preparation of the soil is not, you can use the usual nutritional mixture for flowers, which is sold in stores. Subsequently, pelargonium should be transplanted once a year in autumn or spring. If the pot becomes small, then it is changed. But it is important to know that the pelargonium from the larger pot goes into the green and does not release the flowers.

Pelargonium is a light-loving plant that can tolerate direct sun. Only some of them are considered to be picky, and prefer places (for example, terraces or balconies), protected from direct sunlight, wind and rain. On the windowsill in bright sunshine, pelargonium can overheat. Therefore, it requires good ventilation and protection from hot noon sunlight.

With a lack of light, the leaves begin to turn yellow, the lower leaves die off and expose the stem. Flowering weakens or may stop altogether.

For even growth, pelargonium is recommended to periodically rotate around its axis relative to the light source.

Soil and top dressing

Pelargonium loves fertile and well-drained loose soil. Soil mixture can either be purchased or prepared by yourself, mixing in equal proportions garden soil, peat, medium-grained sand and a little humus.

Since pelargonium does not like stagnant water and requires good aeration, a good drainage layer should be placed on the bottom of the pot.

In order for the plant to please you with lush and long flowering, care should include regular feeding (1 time in 2 weeks). Some flower growers do this: in the hot season, when watering is done every day, the weekly feed rate is divided into 7 parts and feed is administered with each watering. If a lump of earth is dry, you must first shed it with water.

For fertilizer fit any liquid universal formulations for flowering houseplants.

In winter, when the plant is resting, feeding should be canceled. With the onset of spring (March-April), pelargonium begins to feed fertilizer with a high content of potassium.

It is necessary to refrain from fertilizers after plant transplantation and give him time for acclimatization - about a month.

Pelargonium is considered a drought-resistant plant. It is recommended to water a flower only when the top layer of earth in a pot dries. However, it should not be allowed to dry strongly.

Excessive watering causes the leaves and stem to rot, and can kill the plant. Watering should be moderate. One of the signs that the earth com has started to dry up - if you touch the ground, it will not remain on your fingers. This means it's time to water. The frequency of watering may depend on individual conditions and air temperature - on average 1-2 days. In winter, watering should be reduced.

Pelargonium spray is not necessary. Excessive damp and poor ventilation can trigger fungal diseases.

By the way, these plants prefer dry air in our winter apartments more than high humidity. For this reason, pelargonium can be considered the rare flower that prefers a room to a greenhouse. Therefore, it should not be placed next to plants that require a humidifier.

Temperature

Comfortable temperature for pelargonium - 20-25 degrees. If the plant is standing on a balcony or terrace, it is better to protect it from gusts of wind and drafts.

In winter, if there is a possibility, special conditions can be created for this southern beauty - put it in a glazed, non-freezing greenhouse or loggia, where the night temperature does not fall below +6 degrees and the daytime temperature reaches + 12-15 degrees. In especially sunny days, in order to avoid overheating, the greenhouse needs to be aired. However, there are varieties of pelargonium, which are best kept at higher temperatures.

Good air circulation is one of the main conditions for a safe winter. Therefore, it is not necessary to put pelargonium too closely. These flowers do not like to hide in the shadows of their neighbors, but prefer to show off. Plants with very dense crowns can be a little thin. Otherwise, with thickening and poor aeration, there is a risk of fungal diseases.

Pruning should be carried out once a year, with the stems with 2-4 nodes remaining. As a result, the bush will be more lush, and flowering - abundant. It is necessary to remove yellowed or dried leaves in time. You can not tear off the sheets, as in this case the torn edges may rot. To remove these leaves it is recommended to use a very sharp knife, and the cut must be processed with crushed charcoal. After pruning the leaflet, the petiole must remain on the branch.

Transplant features

Young seedlings are transplanted 1 time per year, and adults as needed, for example, when the roots no longer fit into the pot. At the bottom of the tank do not forget to make a good drainage layer. For the preparation of a suitable earth mixture with your own hands, you will need sod, humus and leaf earth, sand and peat, which should be taken in equal shares.

Possible problems in the care

  • Yellowing sheet plates. Most likely, this is due to root rot, in this case will help the transplant plants to another soil.
  • Yellowing of the edges of the fox. The wrong care is to blame: high air temperature, insufficient watering, lack of air due to soil compaction. It is possible that the plant lacks fertilizer, therefore fertilizing is needed.
  • Stem rot, leaf wilt. Need to remove damaged stems and reduce watering.
  • Pelargonium does not bloom. If this happens, then most likely the reason for the stagnation of water is to reduce watering and make sure that the water does not stagnate, a little light - to move the plant to the south side, but make sure that the air temperature does not rise above 25C.
  • Growth, sluggish leaves. If these signs are present, then you should first check the soil for acidity, it should not exceed 5.5 pN, it can also be caused by a lack of nitrogen.
  • If the pot has become small, the plant may stop growing.

Types of Pelargonium

To all the benefits of pelargonium, you can still add a variety of species, which in nature more than 250 pieces. The whole genus of pelargonium is divided into 7 groups.

The largest group in the number of varieties. Includes thousands of varieties. The leaves have a small soft down and wavy edges of the plate, densely distributed throughout the base of the stem. If you rub a piece of pelargonium zone, then there will be a peculiar smell. Stems from the flower straight.

Flowers, collected in large and bright brushes, depending on the variety may be:

  • simple (Blanca variety with white flowers, Yitka variety with delicate salmon-pink color of flowers) - up to 5 petals
  • semi-double (A.M. Mayne cultivar with beetroot-fuchsian flowers) - up to 8 pastes
  • terry (Ada Suterby variety with pink flowers) - more than 8 petals

The shape of the bud may also differ:

  • tulip (Carmen Andrea variety - bright red, almost burgundy, slightly wavy edges, Emma fran Bengtsbo variety - noble elongated buds with milky-white petals) - the buds look like a tulip, are not fully revealed.
  • cactus - petals twisted.
  • star-shaped (Borthwood Stellar variety with intense pink flowers, Aunty Pam-Stellar variety - neon-pink petals) - inflorescences resemble stars.
  • Rosebuds (Apple Blossom Rosebud variety - the most chic variety of zonal geraniums with white buds and pink edging) - inflorescences like roses.

According to the color of the petals, zonal pelargoniums can be:

  • two-colored
  • tricolor
  • speckled (variety Confetti Red - bright orange petals with specks and red strokes)
  • color "bird's egg"

In size, zonal pelargoniums are different:

  • microminiature - 10cm
  • miniature - 10-13cm
  • dwarf (grade Pac Jana-2 - dark pink flower with a white spot, grade Frou Frou with bright pink flowers) - 13-20cm
  • normal - 25-60cm
  • airyrins - up to 80cm

Today, science knows about 280 species, but the most common are the following:

Angular - Pelargonium angulosum
Edged - Pelargonium zonale
Pink - Pelargonium radens
Capitatum - Pelargonium capitatum
Fuzzy Leaf - Pelargonium crithmifolium
Klobuchkovaya - Pelargonium cucullatum
Prickly - Pelargonium echinatum Curtis
Meaty - Pelargonium carnosum
Stalkers - Pelargonium crassicaule
Krupnotsvetkovaya - Pelargonium grandiflorum
Curly - Pelargonium crispum
Ivy - Pelargonium peltatum
Tongan - Pelargonium tongaense
Fragrant - Pelargonium graveolens
Soiling - Pelargonium inquinans
Paniculite - Pelargonium odoratissimum
Grape - Pelargonium vitifolium
Prickly - Pelargonium spinosum
Xerophytic - Pelargonium xerophyton

Pelargonium care at home

When buying pelargonium should pay attention to the condition of the bush and inflorescences. Even if the plant is free of diseases and pests, at home he needs to arrange a quarantine. Pelargonium is not a capricious plant, but there are still some peculiarities of care, under which it thanks for its juicy and long flowering.

Pelargonium lighting

For abundant flowering pelargonium need good lighting. Because in the shade it goes into growth, but does not throw out the buds, or it does not bloom for long. To provide the plant the necessary amount of light, choose solar window sills, especially not to place the flower on the table in a dark room. If you still want to decorate the interior - place the beauty next to the southern window.

Watering and humidity

In the summer, watering is needed regularly and abundant, but it is important to ensure that water does not stagnate. When planting should pay attention to good drainage. These can be sea stones or broken bricks. Expanded clay will also perfectly cope with this role. Be sure to have pots in the drainage holes, so that excess water flowed.

The signal to watering is dry soil. In the summer, it is watered in the heat 2 times in the morning early and in the evening. In winter, watering is reduced to once a week or even in two. It is impossible to moisten and spray the leaves, it will damage the plant. Pelargonium is poured at the root, trying not to fall on the leaves. For good aeration of the root system and prevent rotting, the soil should be periodically loosened. If watering pelargonium is wrong, then it will let know about it in brown circles on the leaves.

Pelargonium needs constant feeding. The exception is winter, that is, a period of rest. In spring and summer, fertilizer should be applied once every two weeks.

Pelargonium is fed with minerals. For the healthy development of plants need 3 components - potassium, magnesium, nitrogen. For sale are ready-made complexes with additional additives. If fertilizers are prepared independently, equal parts of minerals are taken, but before flowering the composition of nitrogen is reduced, and potassium is increased.

For abundant flowering, iodine is added to increase the number of flower growers. To do this, take 1 drop of iodine per 1 liter of warm water. One bush has 50 ml of solution. Water on the wall of the pot, in order to avoid burns.

Fertilizers are a very important component in the care of pelargonium, but it is important not to overfeed the plant. If the leaves begin to turn yellow, you should adjust the dose.

Growing pelargonium seed

Growing Pelargonium Seeds Pelargonium Seeds Photo

  • Given that the seeds are quite large, it is best to plant one seed in separate cups.
  • The seeding depth is 0.5-1 cm.
  • Some flower growers still prefer to save space on the window sill at first, planting pelargonium seeds in boxes or large containers in order to later pick out the seedlings in separate containers. in this case, the distance is at least 2 cm.
  • Soil can be used universal for potted plants.
  • Experienced growers recommend drenching seeds in a growth stimulator for a couple of hours before planting. This will give an additional incentive: the plants will grow faster, the shoots will be more powerful.
  • Sprout seedlings at room temperature in a well-lit room.

Pelargonium seed Photo seedlings

It is necessary to care for sprouts, periodically watering and observing the temperature of 20-25 ° С. When there are two or three true leaves, then pelargonium should be seated. It is believed that during reproduction by seeds, the flowering of pelargonium will be more abundant, it will be able to release up to 30 buds.

In a permanent pot, seedlings are planted when the plants rise well, up to 10-12 cm in height.

Reproduction of pelargonium cuttings

Reproduction of pelargonium cuttings photo

Start reproduction cuttings need in March.

  • Cuttings with 2-3 internodes, approximately 5-7 cm long, are cut from the donor plant.
  • You can soak a slice of the cutting in pounded charcoal, it will save it from rotting.
  • It is desirable to decontaminate the soil in order to avoid the spread of fungal spores, especially if you take the land from the garden.
  • After that you should moisten the substrate and stick cuttings into it.
  • Cover the top with a can, you can use a plastic bottle, pre-cut in half.
  • So that the cuttings do not rot, you should not overheat them, the temperature - up to 22-23 ° C.
  • Moderately, periodically moisten the soil.
  • A good rooting takes about 1.5-3 weeks.
  • You can also put the stalk in the water, and when put roots, transplant into the soil.

Pelargonium cuttings photo

Both methods of sprouting cuttings of pelargonium are widely used, the first is convenient in that the plants immediately take root, which gives a certain advantage. The second method can be called "lazy": for a long time the plants do not need to be watered, just once every few days just change the water.

Pelargonium stalk with roots photo

However, when planting cuttings with roots in the ground, the plants do not experience any particular discomfort and are quickly accepted.

Reproduction by dividing the bush

Overgrown bushes can be divided and get several plants without damage. In turn, the division of the bush - rejuvenating procedure, can be carried out together with pruning.

Reproduction of pelargonium by dividing the bush photo

  • To divide the bush, it is well watered.
  • An hour later, carefully remove the clod of earth from the pot.
  • Examine the root, with a knife gently divided into parts in order to maintain several points of growth for each new bush.
  • Cut long twigs, shortening to a height of 5-10 cm.
  • Planted in a nutrient soil, maintaining the same level of the root collar, abundantly watered.
  • At first, the bushes will crown and drop the leaves, do not worry, this is normal. After 7-10 days, when the turgor (leaf tone) is restored, feed the pelargonium to further stimulate the growth of green mass.
  • After 3-4 months, the plants will be able to bloom.

Pelargonium pruning and rejuvenating shrub transplant

Pruning Pelargonium Photo How to Prune Pelargonium

All pelargoniums grow very quickly in height. And over time, the stems "grow bald." Therefore, the flower needs constant cutting. Without this, the bush will lose its decorative properties, may stop throwing buds. Also pruning is used to rejuvenate the bush. The time for this is autumn.

Pelargonium Transplant photo

They cut not only the top, but also the edges of the earthen coma along with the roots. In the spring during transplantation, it is also desirable to trim pelargonium.

Cropped and transplanted pelargonium photo

But it should be noted that the circumcision delays flowering for 3-4 months. Для того, чтобы сформировать невысокий и пушистый куст с большими соцветиями, обрезать нужно коротко, оставляя маленькие пенечки, около 5 см. Обрезают подходящую ветку чуть выше междоузлия. Срез должен быть косым. Также важно проследить, чтоб после обрезки остались почки, которые растут не вглубь куста. Для формирования густой кроны пеларгонию прищипывают.

Болезни пеларгоний

Болезни пеларгонии фото и описание На фото: оэдема

Оэдема, эдема. Проявляется в образовании бугорков, наростов на листьях. Вызывает заболевание излишнее переувлажнение почвы.The way out is to reduce watering and cut off all diseased leaves.

Verticillary wilting of pelargonium photo What to do

Verticillary wilting. Very dangerous disease, almost deadly for pelargoniums. Exit - the destruction of diseased plants, pruning all shoots with signs of the disease. Treatment of plants with biofunhididom trichodermine under each bush 2 g of the drug. Foundazol 50 SP 0.1% and topsin M 70 SP 0.1% performed well.

Gray rot of pelargonium photo What to do

Gray rot. Manifested by brown spots throughout the base of the plant. The leaves also respond to the disease by yellowing and wilting. In the foci of the disease appears gray fungus.
Gray rot in pelargonium occurs due to an excess of moisture. A large amount of nitrogen in the feed can also cause this phenomenon.

To combat the gray rot, cut off the affected parts of the plant. The flower is transplanted into a new soil and pot. Pelargonium is treated with systemic fungicides.

Pelargonium stem rot photo What to do

Stem and root rot. In this disease, the root neck becomes black and begins to rot. The leaves lose their saturated color, turn pale, and with time, and at all, turn yellow and fade. Illness appears due to increased moisture and low acidity of the soil. To combat rot, plants are treated with such preparations as Fitolavin, Biporam.

Phytophthalosis Pelargonium photo What to do how to save

Stem and root late blight. When pelargonium infects late blight, it fades and decays very quickly. In most cases, the dispute is transmitted from the ground, but can be transferred by draft from one plant to another. The impetus for the development of the disease is increased humidity. The disease begins with the roots, covering them with stained rot.

At this time, the growth of the plant slows down and the color of the leaves turns pale, the signs of the disease become like a lack of moisture. But when watering increases, the fungus grows, multiplying and striking all the branches very quickly. Also for late blight characteristic white fluff in the hearth of rot. Late blight is treated in the early stages. For treatment, the flower is treated with Bordeaux mixture, the affected parts are removed, and charcoal is poured onto the cut. Be sure to transplant the plant in a sterile soil and pot.

Zonal pelargoniums Zonal pelargoniums

Zonal pelargoniums Zonal pelargoniums photo of flowers growing and care at home

The largest group in the number of varieties. Includes thousands of varieties. The leaves have a small soft down and wavy edges of the plate, densely distributed throughout the base of the stem. If you rub a piece of pelargonium zone, then there will be a peculiar smell. Stems from the flower straight.

Flowers, collected in large and bright brushes, depending on the variety may be:

  • simple (Blanca variety with white flowers, Yitka variety with delicate salmon-pink color of flowers) - up to 5 petals
  • semi-double (A.M. Mayne cultivar with beetroot-fuchsian flowers) - up to 8 pastes
  • terry (Ada Suterby variety with pink flowers) - more than 8 petals

The shape of the bud may also differ:

  • tulip (Carmen Andrea variety - bright red, almost burgundy, slightly wavy edges, Emma fran Bengtsbo variety - noble elongated buds with milky-white petals) - the buds look like a tulip, are not fully revealed.
  • cactus - petals twisted.
  • star-shaped (Borthwood Stellar variety with intense pink flowers, Aunty Pam-Stellar variety - neon-pink petals) - inflorescences resemble stars.
  • Rosebuds (Apple Blossom Rosebud variety - the most chic variety of zonal geraniums with white buds and pink edging) - inflorescences like roses.

According to the color of the petals, zonal pelargoniums can be:

  • two-tone
  • tricolor
  • speckled (variety Confetti Red - bright orange petals with specks and red strokes)
  • color "bird's egg"

In size, zonal pelargoniums are different:

  • microminiature - 10cm
  • miniature - 10-13cm
  • dwarf (grade Pac Jana-2 - dark pink flower with a white spot, grade Frou Frou with bright pink flowers) - 13-20cm
  • normal - 25-60cm
  • airyrins - up to 80cm

Royal Pelargoniums description and conditions of care

Royal Pelargonium photo how to care

This is a smart band that is distinguished by its large bright colors. In some varieties, the bud reaches 8 cm. But in order to achieve flowering, you need to put a lot of effort and create certain conditions for the royal pelargonium to throw out the buds. The most important period for them is winter.

  • At this time it is necessary to observe 2 modes, temperature and mode of irrigation.
  • Watering in winter should be minimal, frequent watering will lead to rapid growth without further flowering, the optimal amount of watering - 2 times a month.

Wintering temperature - maximum + 15С, but preferably below, + 8C is an ideal medium for laying buds. There are exceptions for which a warmer wintering, at + 20- + 25C, is possible - these are the Imperial and Sally Munro varieties. The flowering of this group of pelargonium short, until the summer.

The most popular varieties are Askham Fringed Aztec, Burghi, Elegance Jeanette, PAC Aristo Salmon, Rose Pope.

Angels angeline

Pelargonium Angel Angeline photo how to care

This group of pelargonium took its name from the Angeline variety, which participated in the creation of these hybrids. Angels look like a royal group, but smaller in size. Flowers resemble violets, the upper petals are usually larger than the lower ones.

Blossoming plentiful and long. Leaves with rounded prongs. The flower is not whimsical at all, but tolerates wintering at low temperatures. The shape of the bush is upright in good light, in the shade it can go to the ampel, so the angels are common to decorate the terraces. Fragrant leaves with mint-lemon aroma.

Spectacular varieties - Eskay Saar, PAC Angeleyes Bicolor, PAC Angeleyes Light, Quantock May, Swedish Angel, PAC Angeleyes Randy, PAC Angeleyes Blueberry, PAC Angeleyes Viola.

Ivy Pelargonium Pelargonium peltatum

Ivy Pelargonium Pelargonium peltatum photo how to care for planting and reproduction

It got its name from the leaves, which look like ivy leaves. A feature of this group is that the branches of the bush grow down. Ivy Pelargoniums decorate balconies, verandas. On a flower bed, ileum Pelargoniums cover the ground like a carpet.

The flowers are diverse, depending on the variety, simple, double or semi-double. Shades are also completely different. Can be variegated. The leaves shine a little, in some varieties of matte. Feature of care is to create a cool air temperature in the winter. The group is resistant to fungal diseases. Favorite varieties - Ice Rose, PAC Kate, PAC Tomgirl, SIL Stellena, PAC Vicky, PAC Lilac Rose, Mozaic Sugar Baby.

Succulent Pelargonium

Succulent Pelargonium planting and care photos of flowers

The most exotic group among all pelargoniums. Differs in an unusual form of a stalk. They will look great in such compositions as alpine slide, bonsai. Leaves and flowers are small. Succulent pelargonium grow slowly.

Types of succulent pelargonium:

  • angular
  • meaty
  • humpback
  • the next
  • kortuzolistnaya
  • thick-stemmed
  • fluffy leaf

Unicum - Hybrid Pelargonium

Pelargonium unique flowers photo

This group is over 150 years old. Bred it when crossing the royal and brilliant pelargonium. The leaves are fragrant, dark green. Petals are two-tone. The bush is big enough, grows up to 50 cm, from time to time it is necessary to cut and pinch.

Scented Pelargonium

Scented Pelargonium flower photos

The most spicy group. The smell appears if you rub the leaf, but many varieties smell sweet even with the slightest draft. The leaves of plants can be with the most diverse and unusual smell, such as the smell of lilac, pineapple, rose, coconut, ginger.

The bush grows big, more than a meter. not always used as a decorative element. More common for the production of geranium oil. Interesting varieties are Ardwick Cinnamon (smell of cinnamon), Lady Plymouth (smell of menthol), P. laevigatum, Both * s Snowflake, P. tomentozum (smell of menthol), Eucament, Orange Fizz (smell of lemon).

Air, light and humidity

Pelargonium is an unpretentious plant, so in summer it can be kept at a temperature of 18-25 degrees, and in winter - conditions can be cooler - 10-12 degrees.

To bloom was long and abundant, it is important to ensure the plant maximum light. You can keep it on the west, east or south windows. In addition, in the shadow of pelargonium will grow well.

Maintaining the air humidity is not necessary, and bathing and spraying under the shower can harm the plant.

How to make a flower transplant?

Transplanting plant sprouts will not take you long. It is necessary to carefully separate the sprouts and plant them with a small clod of earth. Pelargonium needs to be watered from a watering can, which has a narrow spout.

On cloudy days, it will not be superfluous to add some lighting. Its deficiency can lead to falling leaves. When the final warming comes, the pelargonium is transplanted into open soil.

It is important to pre-mulch it to retain moisture. Watering is carried out 1 time per week, and all the flowers that have wilted must be removed. Before the frost comes again, the plant needs to be transplanted into indoor pots.

Watch a video about transplanting pelargonium:

Watering and feeding

How to care for a flower? Incredible beauty Pelargonium royal loves watering in large quantities, especially during the flowering period. You can take it directly to the ground. However, it is not recommended to allow long stagnation of moisture or drying out of the soil.

Like geranium, royal pelargonium will bloom well and grow, if timely conduct dressing. For this in spring and winter, they use liquid fertilizers, which contain large amounts of potassium.

For beginners, step by step, the process of caring for pelargonium at home is presented in the photo below:




Diseases and pests

The main diseases and pests include the following:

  • Gray rot. It affects peduncles, leaves and stems. As a result, brown spots are formed that lead to the progression of the disease. Treat it like this: remove all the leaves and parts of the stems, stop watering and feeding.
  • Root and stem late blight can lead to late blight fungi. The green part of pelargonium can wither, and spots will be visible on the bottom of the stems and roots. Often they increase in size. Treat can be drugs Ridomil, Profit Gold.
  • Ring type spotting can touch leaves. At first they form spots in the form of rings, then they curl. Pelargonium can slow growth or even stop blooming. An excellent solution for treatment is leaf removal and fungicide treatment.
  • Mealy dew is a common fungal disease of the leaves, as a result of which a white color remains on them, resembling flour in appearance.
  • Rust. This disease especially often affects the zonal pelargoniums.

Conclusion

Summing up, it should be noted that pelargonium is a beautiful plant that will be pleasing to the eye both in the apartment and in the summer cottage. Caring for him is not as difficult as it seems, and if you follow the watering and feeding regimes, you will be able to grow the true pride of your mini-garden.

In order to avoid problems and diseases, often inspect pelargonium - if necessary, you can treat the plant or get rid of it so that the disease does not change to other flowers.

Pelargonium varieties photos and titles

Royal Pelargonium its homeland is Southwest Africa. This species is a shrub about 9 cm high. The foliage is more rounded with a dissection, the leaf surface is either smooth or with slight pubescence. Pedicle contains 2-3 flowers each. Inflorescence in diameter of about 3.5 cm, whitish or with scarlet veins. Flowering begins in the spring.

Aromatic Pelargonium in natural conditions grows in the southern parts of the Cape Province. The bush is extensively branched and reaches a height of one meter. Foliage lobed with pubescence and outside and inside. The flowers have a pronounced pleasant smell. Inflorescences are collected in umbrellas with crimson and light pink shade. Flowering takes place in the summer.

Pelargonium fragrant represents a bush with a compact small trunk. The bush reaches a height of about 22 cm, the shoots are short, the foliage is more rounded in the shape of a heart. The width of the sheet is slightly serrated with a slight pubescence. Umbrella-shaped flowers up to 10 pcs. on the pedicel with a pleasant smell. Flower shade from light to pink. Flowering occurs in the summer.

Pelargonium zonal

In nature, it is more common in the South-East of the Cape. Green bushes in height reaching up to 1, 5 meters. Branches poured with pubescence. Foliage is more rounded, or with blades.

The surface of the leaf is either smooth or slightly pubescent along the surface with a chocolate-colored stripe. The flowers in the umbrella are in large quantities. The shade of the flowers is scarlet. Flowering lasts from spring to autumn.

Pelargonium tulip its inflorescences look like unblown buds of tulips with 7–9 petals. This subgroup is distinguished by blooming in a bouquet. This group was withdrawn in 1966 in Boston.

Ivy Pelargonium or ampelous. This type of plant with drooping branches in length to one meter. They are in demand for decorating balconies or in summer for disembarking the site as ground cover.

Foliage in ampelous species may vary in shape. The shade of flowers ranges from white to burgundy or black. The surface of the foliage is smooth and similar with ivy leaves, rough and unpleasant to the touch.

Pelargonium Rosebud

An interesting view with inflorescences resembling small sized bouquets of roses with unblown buds.

Currently, many varieties of rosewood geraniums have been bred. This type of pelargonium differs terry buds.

Pelargonium "Lara Harmony" represents a neat bush. Inflorescences are like rose pelargoniums. The flowers of the zonal pelargonium have a strong resemblance to roses. The height of the bush is standard up to 50 cm in height. Foliage has a rich green tint. Inflorescences full of terry varieties. The shade of a delicate crimson-colored flower.

Pelargonium "Passat" has terry inflorescences with a delicate pink shade of flowers. The umbrellas of the corrugation of flowers resemble a soft ball. This type of pelargonium must be cut to form a beautiful bush.

Growing conditions and peculiarities of care for geranium to bloom.

Best of all, geranium feels on well-lit places and only on the hottest days it requires light shading from the sun's rays. If the pot is exposed to the north window or turns out to be in the depths of the room, the grower should expect that with a lack of lighting the shoots will stretch, the plant will lose its compactness and decorative effect.

How to care for geraniums at home, if you can not bring it to light, or lack of lighting threatens the plant in the winter? In winter, when keeping on the loggia or on the north windows, it is useful to use special fitolamps. Extending daylight hours to 12–14 hours is good for:

In geranium bushes that receive enough light, the newly formed stems have a rich color. The same applies to the foliage, which does not become smaller or paler, but remains juicy and bright.

In order for a geranium to bloom, caring for it necessarily involves maintaining a comfortable indoor temperature for a culture. It is best if the air in the room where the pot is:

  • in summer it can be warmed to 22–27 ° C,
  • in winter, during the rest period, it has a temperature of about 12–16 ° C.

Plants are good for ventilation, but like other indoor cultures, they do not like cold drafts. Next to hot radiators, geranium will also experience discomfort.

Trimming geraniums and home care in winter and spring

And for experienced flower growers, and even for beginners, caring for geraniums at home does not seem complicated and time consuming. But one operation always causes a lot of concern - this is pruning.

Geranium growth rate depends on the type and variety. But in all species, as the length of the stem increases, the lower leaves gradually wither and fall. Greens are only at the very tops. Inflorescences are also formed here.

As a result, if the shoots are not shortened in time, the geranium turns into a shapeless volumetric bush completely devoid of any attractiveness. To prevent this from happening, in the fall, when the emergence of new flowers ceases, geranium is cut.

The more pruning will be included in home care for geraniums:

  • the more new shoots are worth waiting for next spring,
  • the greener and thicker the plant crown will be,
  • the more abundant and longer flowering will be.

There are dormant buds on bare stems, so you should not be afraid of deep pruning. Moreover, the growth of geranium continues even in winter, and some particularly “fast-growing” plants have to be formed again, but by the end of February or in early March, before the active growing season began. Particularly important pruning zonal geraniums, which are most often found on the window sills of amateur flower growers. The royal varieties have somewhat different agricultural techniques, therefore such plants are formed more carefully and only in the second year after planting.

In winter, pruning geraniums at home care is best not to do, because from December to early February the plant goes to a period of rest, its defenses and metabolic processes are weakened. Cut at this time shoots are not suitable for rooting.

The tops cut from the shoots are not thrown away. Это прекрасный материал для размножения растений и получения новых цветущих гераней. При таком способе у молодых экземпляров полностью сохраняются все родительские признаки, а первое цветение уже возможно в первое после укоренения лето.

В летнее время, чтобы увядающие соцветия не оттягивали питание на себя, их аккуратно срезают.

Transplanting geraniums at home and taking plants into the garden

How to care for a geranium flower at home, if the roots of the plant are completely tied up with a lump, there is not enough soil left in the pot and a large bush soon after watering fades noticeably?

In this case, it is impossible to do without a transplant, which is a real stress for geranium, as well as for other domestic plants. It is necessary to transfer the green pet to the new pot carefully, without breaking the existing earthen coma, and no more than once every two years. Every year you can only pour a little fresh substrate.

To bloom geranium was long and abundant, the plant developed well and gave new shoots needed:

  • loose soil rich in nutrients
  • powerful drainage
  • a small pot, with approximately the same depth and width.

As a substrate, ready-made soil is used for decorative indoor crops, where a little sand and humus are added, or a mixture of equal parts of humus, peat, turf soil and sand is made.

If the plant is taken out in the garden for the summer, then here it is better not to take it out of its usual container. This will help avoid:

  • the growth of the root system and green mass to the detriment of flowering,
  • contamination of geraniums with soil parasites and fungi, which are sufficient in garden soil.

And when in the fall, before the onset of cold weather, geraniums are brought back into the room, they cannot be immediately put on the usual window-sills to other cultures. To ensure the health of plants and the absence of pests, geraniums are satisfied with a monthly quarantine, and with alarming symptoms, they are treated with fungicides and insecticides.

Illumination

This plant is light-loving enough and for normal growth it needs the direct rays of the sun. Pelargonium is recommended to be placed near the windows of the south orientation. However, it grows quite normally and develops near the north orientation window, but at the same time it is important that the daylight should be long enough. Otherwise, the stems are pulled out. In the summer, whenever possible, this plant is transferred to fresh air (on the balcony or on the street). The room in which the pelargonium is located must be regularly aired, as it reacts negatively to stagnant air.

How to water

In summer, watering is recommended, after 3 or 4 days after the top layer of the substrate dries out. Check the condition of the soil, you can gently deepen your finger a couple of centimeters. In winter, water should be a little less, but you need to make sure that the earthen room does not dry out completely. If during cold wintering the liquid stagnates in the soil, this can provoke the appearance of root rot, which often leads to the death of the entire bush.

Spraying foliage

Normally grows and develops with low humidity. It is not required to moisten the foliage from the sprayer, however this can be done during the hot summer months.

Feed the plant 1 or 2 times, while the interval between dressings is 2 weeks. Fertilizers are applied to the soil for the first time when 2 months pass after transplantation. Fertilizing is needed to improve flowering, so choose fertilizers containing large amounts of phosphorus. It is not recommended to feed with organic fertilizers, because pelargonium does not digest them well enough.

Pruning should be carried out once a year, with the stems with 2-4 nodes remaining. As a result, the bush will be more lush, and flowering - abundant. It is necessary to remove yellowed or dried leaves in time. You can not tear off the sheets, as in this case the torn edges may rot. To remove these leaves it is recommended to use a very sharp knife, and the cut must be processed with crushed charcoal. After pruning the leaflet, the petiole must remain on the branch.

Pelargonium "Ainsdale Duke"

This species is represented by strong bushes covered with many leaves and double flowers of scarlet shade. On the surface of the sheet appears dark venation.

Pelargonium "PAC Viva Rosita" is the most popular variety. On strong shoots up to 20 flowers are formed on one umbrella. The diameter of a flower can reach up to 6 cm. The shade of a viva Rosite flower has a bright crimson hue.

Pelargonium "Sarah Hunt" represents a small compact bush. The leaves are light shade. The bush does not need formation. The flowers are a large shade of an unusual flower with the transition of tone to a light orange color. Inflorescences are formed as umbrellas.

Pelargonium "Marie Louise" This is a tulip-shaped plant with bright inflorescences of soft pink with a white tint. Petals of flowers on the edge of the corrugation. Flowers resemble unblown buds of tulips.

The plant, strong to temperature drops, does not demand additional lighting. Flowering begins at the end of winter and lasts the entire season. Trimming does not require.

Pelargonium watering

Watering the plant prefers a moderate permanent in the summer time to be watered as soon as the topsoil dries. In winter, watering should be reduced only if the room temperature has dropped.

Pelargonium does not like stagnant moisture, as it adversely affects the root system. When caring for a plant, it is better not to water it once more than to overwet it. Pelargonium has the property of an accumulative system of moisture, so it can do without water for a long time.

Spraying the plant is not necessary because it harms the flowers. Humidity does not matter much, the main thing is constant ventilation of the premises.

Fertilizers for geraniums

It is necessary to feed the plants throughout the growing season from spring to autumn. It is preferable to use fertilizers in liquid form and in slightly moistened soil.

To plant pleased you with abundant landscaping, you must pick up fertilizer with the addition of nitrogen.

Magnesium sulphate for pelargonium

This fertilizer is used when you need to obtain a constant abundant flowering

Magnesium with sulfur helps form a large number of buds. Used drug 15 grams per 5 liters of water. Only with the condition that the water will be at room temperature.

Also for the full development of the plant requires potassium and phosphorus, feed according to the package instructions. In winter, fertilizing should be excluded.

Pelargonium Transplant

Pelargonium is transplanted before the beginning of the growing season, in spring. Juveniles require transplantation annually, adults less. Capacity for transplantation must be selected a few centimeters more. If the capacity is large, the plant will refuse to bloom.

Transplantation of pelargonium in the fall is not desirable, but if it is necessary, for any reason, it can be done.

Pelargonium soil

Land can be purchased ready-made in a store or prepared by yourself. For this, a good layer of drainage should be laid on the bottom.

And it is also necessary to mix the sheet soil, turf soil, sand and humus all in equal proportions.

Pelargonium breeding cuttings

To do this, cut the stalk length of about 7 cm, slightly dried for 24 hours and planted in the ground. Cover is not necessary. Care is the need to water from time to time.

After about 30 days, the plant takes root. Cuttings can be rooted in water, and planted in the ground after the roots appear. This method is applied at the end of winter and midsummer.

Pelargonium seed at home

Seeds are planted in a light soil of peat and sand, a little, moistened before sowing. Spread the seeds on the surface and sprinkle with a little soil. Cover with glass or film, creating greenhouse conditions.

Periodically opening for airing and watering. The temperature for the seed should be between 23 and 25 degrees. A few weeks after the emergence of shoots, the plants dive and lower the temperature to 20 degrees and contain in such conditions for about two months. And then planted in the right place. Seeds should be sown at the end of winter.

Royal Pelargonium.

Called so for demanding conditions of detention, and not for large flowers, sometimes called grandiflora. It has several hundred varieties with different colors. Some of them have a flower size of 8 cm in diameter. They are never monotonous and there are always contrasting spots or stripes on the petals. The leaves of royal pelargonium slightly corrugated, have pointed edges. Beautiful Mandarin, Strawberry cream, Candy Flowers Peach Cloud.

Among the royal Pelargoniums, a species called “Angel” stands apart. Some flower growers distinguish them in a separate group. Its feature is large flowers, similar to pansies, with small bushes - only about 30 cm. This species is less capricious than the royal pelargonium - plants bloom well even in the shade and do not require formation, while maintaining neat little bushes. The most interesting varieties: Spanish Angel, Darmsderm, Sardunya, Henry Weller.

Ivarian pelargonium.

Its leaves are similar to ivy leaves and have no pubescence, and long flexible shoots hang in cascades, for which it is often called ampelous pelargonium. Indeed, the most advantageous this flower looks when planting in pots. Among the ampelous pelargoniums there are varieties with variegated leaves, and the color of flowers varies from purple to red. Interesting varieties: Tomcat, Jester Red / Wite, Aristo Black Beauty.

Pelargonium fragrant.

This species is not bred for the sake of flowers, which are mostly small and rather nondescript. The main advantage of this group is fragrant leaves with the smell of various fruits, flowers and spices: nutmeg, verbena, apple, pineapple, peach, lemon. If you touch the leaf, it produces essential oils for which this plant is so rich - they cause a strong smell. The following varieties can be found in the room: Chocolate Mint smells like mint, Attar of Roses smells like rose, and Cy’s Sunburst smells like lemon. The leaves of the last variety are highly corrugated and have a golden border, which makes it very decorative.

Pelargonium: features of cultivation

Each species of this plant has its own peculiarities in the care. But there are also regularities common to all colors of this kind. The vegetation of the geranium obeys the change of the seasons and the care in each season for the flower will be different.

What should it be?

  • loose, well pass air and water, and also to keep it,
  • light in texture with the inclusion of sand, moss or perlite,
  • the soil should be neutral or slightly acidic,
  • Pelargonium suitable nutrient soil, but without an excess of nitrogen, which will cause the growth of leaves, not flowers.

For a novice grower, the easiest way to buy a ready-made soil mixture is for pelargonium. Connoisseurs make up the ground themselves. Options for a mixture of several.

Watering plants

This plant is better to underfill than pour. It will endure a slight drought easily, and overflow is fraught with root rot, root collar and the appearance of gray mold. Pelargonium is time to water, if the top layer of soil in the pot has dried. In the summer, this is done more often, depending on the air temperature, in the winter, watering should be rare, and their amount depends on the lighting. With a long daylight and intense light watering the plant more often. Water needs soft water at room temperature.

Top dressing and fertilizer

Intense flowering requires good nutrition. But organic fertilizer does not tolerate this flower. Suitable fertilizer mixture for flowering plants or a special fertilizer for geraniums "Pelargovit." Before flowering or at the beginning of it will require additional feeding phosphate and potash fertilizers. In the period of forced rest, additional nutrition to the plants is not required.

How to transplant a plant?

  • Choose a pot slightly larger than the previous one. Too large capacity will cause rapid growth of leaves, and flowering may not be until it is completely filled with roots.
  • At the bottom of the pot with a large hole for water flow is placed drainage of expanded clay, fragments of bricks and pieces of old pots.
  • The plant in the old pot is watered, taken out of it, carefully separating it from the walls and not destroying the earthen room.
  • They pour a little damp earth into a new container, put a flower and fill voids along the walls of the pot with damp ground too.
  • The next watering after 3 days.

Pruning pelargonium - an integral part of care. During the winter, the flower is strongly drawn, the stems become bare. In the spring, to give it a beautiful shape and stimulate the growth of new flowering shoots, the stems are pruned, leaving 2 to 5 buds on each. All sections are treated with fungicide, colloidal sulfur or crushed coal. During the summer, dried leaves, dried flowers are removed and, if necessary, pinch shoots for better tillering.

Caring for geraniums in the fall, preparing for winter

In order for the plant to rest, it creates conditions for a state of forced rest: they reduce the temperature to 15 degrees, cancel or make rare feeding. Watering at this time is best done through the pan, leaving the top of the soil in a pot dry. But the lighting for the plant can not be reduced. If there is no possibility to lower the temperature, geranium needs to be illuminated.

Breeding methods

It is possible to propagate such a plant by cuttings and seeds.

When growing from seeds, plants often lose their varietal characteristics, and this should be remembered when choosing a breeding method. A low container should be filled with a soil mixture made from sand, peat and sod land, which should be taken in equal parts. It sows seeds. In order for the seedlings to appear as soon as possible, the container is placed in a place where the temperature is constantly kept at 22 degrees. In such favorable conditions, seedlings appear half a month after sowing. Seedlings transplanted into separate small pots. And after the seedlings grow from them, they are transplanted into pots with a diameter of 9 centimeters. The first time the plant should bloom after a year or so after sowing, but this is only with proper care.

Apical cuttings are excellent for reproduction. They are pruned and rooted in the last winter or summer weeks. The cut should be made at an angle slightly below the knot, while the handle should have at least 3 leaves, and it is better if there are 3-5 pieces. Leave the cutting for several hours in the open air to dry. Before it is planted, it is necessary to treat the cut areas, using shredded charcoal and a root growth stimulator for this. In the container filled with earth mixture (sand, turfy ground and peat in equal parts), prepared cuttings should be planted along the perimeter. It is recommended to pinch to increase the pomp of the bush. The container is placed in a well-lit place, but the light must be diffused. It is necessary to systematically moisten the earth from the sprayer. Full rooting will occur 15–20 days after planting. Strengthened seedlings are seated in separate containers. The pot for planting is chosen small, because otherwise the flowering will be poor. The plant will bloom after 5-7 months after full rooting.

Diseases and pests

On pelargonium can live aphid or whitefly.

In most cases, problems with the plant are associated with improper care:

  1. No flowering - Pelargonium is ill, there are harmful insects on it or it winters in a warm, well-lit room.
  2. Lower leaflets wither, turn yellow and rot - abundant watering. Reduce watering and gently remove the affected leaves.
  3. Blisters appear on the surface of the foliage - water often stagnates in the soil.
  4. The bottom leaves turn yellow and their edges dry up. - poor watering.
  5. Stem base turned black - root rot (Black leg).
  6. Gray rot - due to too abundant watering.

Aromatic Pelargonium (Pelargonium graveolens)

This evergreen pubescent shrub is strongly branched, and in height it can reach 100 centimeters. The green pubescent leaves are divided into 5-7 shares and have a very pleasant aroma. Umbrella-shaped inflorescences consist of a large number of pink flowers. It blooms throughout the summer.

Pelargonium capitatum (Pelargonium capitatum)

This plant is an evergreen shrub whose height does not exceed 50 centimeters. On the surface of the stems and leaves there is pubescence. Stems straight. Green, as if crumpled, leaves are divided into 3-5 parts. The inflorescence has the shape of an umbrella. There are many sedentary flowers painted in light pink with a purple tinge color. Flowering is observed from the middle to the end of the summer period. It has fragrant foliage.

Pelargonium cloak (Pelargonium cucullatum)

The homeland of this evergreen shrub is South Africa. On its surface there is pubescence. Petiole green colored. The inflorescence is in the form of an umbrella, consists of a set of violet-red flowers. Flowering plant from the end of the summer to the beginning of the autumn. There are varieties with terry foliage.

Pelargonium grandiflora (Pelargonium grandiflorum)

It is a highly flowering evergreen shrub that can reach 100 centimeters in height. The kidney-shaped leaves can be both dissected and lobed. They can also be smooth or hairy. No more than 3 flowers are formed on the peduncle, and they are painted white, and the available veinlets are reddish. The diameter of the flowers is 3-4 centimeters. Цветет такой кустарник с середины весеннего и по начало летнего периода.

Пеларгония курчавая (Pelargonium crispum)

Такой вечнозеленый кустарник в высоту достигает 50 сантиметров и является сильноветвящимся. Плотные листочки в форме сердца, растущие в 2 ряда, имеют зубчатые, рвано-волнистые края. Цветение наблюдается с середины и до самого конца летнего периода. На коротких цветоножках вырастают по 2–3 цветочка. Имеет запашистые листья.

Stained Pelargonium (Pelargonium inquinans)

This shrub, which is evergreen, can reach a height of 1.5 meters. It has fleshy stems. Kidney-shaped leaves are painted in dark green. Inflorescences have the shape of an umbrella. Short pedicels. Flowers have a red color. Flowering time depends on the care, and can be observed during the summer, autumn, winter period or at the end of spring.

Pelargonium fluffy-leaved (Pelargonium crithmifolium)

This deciduous plant is a succulent and has thick creeping stems. The sheet plate is divided into a cirrus-shaped lobe, the length of which is 8 centimeters. They have a bluish color and can be both pubescent and without pubescence. Inflorescences are presented in the form of an umbrella. Peduncle length from 15 to 20 millimeters. White flowers grow by 5 or 6 pieces, and in the throat they have reddish small spots.

Pink pelargonium (Pelargonium radens)

The evergreen, strongly branching shrub is pubescent and can reach 50 centimeters in height. On the leaf plate there is bilateral pubescence, while on the front side there are hard hairs, and on the back side - soft. The leaves are rather deeply separated and have curved edges. They are fragrant and have a pleasant aroma. Pubescent peduncle presented in the form of an umbrella. On the peduncle grow several pieces of pink with veins of dark-colored flowers.

Pelargonium angular (Pelargonium angulosum)

This plant can reach a height of 100 centimeters. The foliage is similar in shape to the leaves of the oak, but the lobes are not straight, but wavy. They are short. The inflorescence has the shape of an umbrella, and it consists of a large number of flowers, usually painted in a saturated red color. If you take care of the plant properly, then it will bloom from the end of the summer until the middle of the autumn period.

Pelargonium tetragonal (Pelargonium tetragonum)

This deciduous shrub in height can reach 0.6–0.7 meters. Tetrahedral direct shoots are painted in pale green color sometimes with a grayish tint. On the surface of petiole, having a heart shape, there are sparse hairs. Their width is usually 5 centimeters. The edges of the leaf plate are brownish red. The flowers have 5 pink or cream petals, with 2 smaller petals at the bottom, and 3 more - at the top.

Celtic pelargonium (Pelargonium peltatum)

This evergreen shrub is ampel. Stems are bare or have pubescence. Green, shiny, fleshy leaves have a thyroid shape, smooth edges and divided into 5 lobes. On the surface there may or may not be pubescence. Flowers are collected in several pieces in the inflorescence in the form of an umbrella. They are pink, white or red color. Flowering lasts from mid-spring until the end of summer.

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